2019 tables: Institutions - Earth & environmental sciences - academic

The 2019 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2018 to 31 December 2018.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2017 Share 2018 Count 2018 Change in Adjusted Share 2017-2018*
1 University of Padova (UNIPD), Italy 5.62 7.05 29 14.4%
2 University of Florence (UNIFI), Italy 2.06 6.47 17 186.1%
3 University of Turin (UNITO), Italy 5.16 5.53 20 -2.2%
4 University of Milano-Bicocca (UNIMIB), Italy 1.63 4.35 10 143.7%
5 University of Pisa (UNIPI), Italy 0.89 3.97 15 305.8%
6 University of Naples Federico II (UNINA), Italy 4.46 3.69 13 -24.5%
7 University of Bologna (UNIBO), Italy 2.90 3.02 14 -5.0%
8 University of Roma Tre, Italy 4.56 3.00 9 -40.0%
9 Sapienza University of Rome, Italy 4.11 2.86 17 -36.3%
10 University of Genova, Italy 0.45 1.92 11 286.0%
11 University of Perugia, Italy 0.40 1.88 6 329.1%
12 University of Pavia (UNIPV), Italy 0.41 1.85 8 311.5%
13 University of Salerno (UNISA), Italy 0.34 1.67 6 352.1%
14 University of Campania Luigi Vanvitelli, Italy 0.23 1.46 4 483.0%
15 University of Milan (UNIMI), Italy 2.01 1.22 10 -44.7%
16 Polytechnic University of Milan, Italy 2.07 1.10 6 -51.5%
17 Polytechnic University of Turin, Italy 0.80 1.07 4 23.0%
18 University of Palermo (UNIPA), Italy 2.21 1.04 5 -56.9%
19 University of Catania, Italy 1.10 0.97 6 -19.1%
20 University of Bari Aldo Moro (UniBA), Italy 1.63 0.83 4 -53.3%
21 University of Urbino, Italy 0.59 0.82 4 26.2%
22 University of Modena and Reggio Emilia (UNIMORE), Italy 0.37 0.75 2 83.8%
23 University of Siena (UNISI), Italy 0.35 0.74 5 93.9%
24 University of Cagliari (UNICA), Italy 0.01 0.67 2 4,296.7%
25 University of Ferrara (UNIFE), Italy 0.36 0.66 5 70.4%
26 Marche Polytechnic University (UNIVPM), Italy 1.63 0.50 1 -72.0%
27 Ca' Foscari University of Venice (UNIVE), Italy 0.14 0.50 5 229.2%
28 University of Molise (UNIMOL), Italy 0.01 0.42 1 3,680.3%
29 University of L'Aquila (UNIVAQ), Italy 1.17 0.39 5 -70.0%
30 University of Verona (UNIVR), Italy 0.20 0.38 1 71.1%
31 Catholic University of the Sacred Heart (UCSC), Italy 0.36 1 N/A
32 University of Cassino and Southern Lazio (UNICAS), Italy 0.23 0.31 2 24.5%
33 University of Trieste (UNITS), Italy 0.24 0.23 2 -10.2%
34 Scuola Normale Superiore (SNS), Italy 0.15 0.18 3 9.5%
35 University of Calabria (UNICAL), Italy 1.54 0.14 1 -91.5%
35 University of Sannio, Italy 0.14 1 N/A
35 University of Basilicata, Italy 0.14 1 N/A
36 University of Insubria, Italy 0.14 0.14 2 -10.9%
37 Free University of Bozen-Bolzano (UniBz), Italy 0.04 0.10 1 146.4%
38 Gran Sasso Science Institute (GSSI), Italy 0.05 1 N/A
39 University of Chieti (Ud'A), Italy 0.26 0.05 2 -83.8%
40 University of Parma (UNIPR), Italy 0.71 0.03 2 -95.7%
41 University of Messina (UNIME), Italy 0.03 0.03 1 10.5%
42 University of Sassari (UniSS), Italy 0.06 0.02 1 -69.8%
43 University of Camerino (UNICAM), Italy 0.39 0.01 1 -98.2%
44 University of Udine (UNIUD), Italy 0.01 0.01 1 -46.8%
44 University of Bergamo, Italy 0.01 0.01 1 -46.8%

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.