2019 tables: Institutions - academic

Table criteria

The 2019 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2018 to 31 December 2018.

2018 Institution Share 2017 Share 2018
1 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 907.53 879.74
2 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 615.68 628.15
3 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 538.25 572.10
4 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 472.05 448.83
5 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 420.80 448.39
6 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 385.07 418.68
7 Peking University (PKU), China 394.87 413.55
8 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 408.03 412.45
9 Tsinghua University, China 354.88 398.99
10 University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 409.64 396.08
11 Nanjing University (NJU), China 328.84 393.00
12 University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), China 308.65 351.04
13 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 302.83 348.27
14 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 336.06 344.48
15 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 324.04 339.13
16 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 330.96 334.48
17 Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA) 296.63 331.93
18 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 285.29 327.92
19 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS), China 261.10 326.94
20 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 311.83 318.49
21 University of Pennsylvania (Penn), United States of America (USA) 279.61 307.78
22 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 310.22 293.93
23 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 271.80 293.43
24 Zhejiang University (ZJU), China 243.65 289.83
25 Kyoto University, Japan 307.24 289.61
26 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 250.98 288.02
27 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 260.96 286.31
28 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 268.60 277.09
29 Fudan University, China 206.21 260.10
30 National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore 230.46 254.12
31 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 224.88 246.11
32 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 203.01 239.77
33 Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore 242.08 238.07
34 Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 243.70 236.58
35 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 209.48 233.27
36 Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU), China 170.93 231.55
37 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 208.06 223.85
38 University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), United States of America (USA) 185.64 215.40
39 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 200.17 214.60
40 Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL), United States of America (USA) 209.17 211.61
41 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 224.81 208.35
42 Duke University, United States of America (USA) 182.07 207.79
43 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 257.24 202.89
44 UCL, United Kingdom (UK) 190.16 202.60
45 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 181.21 201.51
46 Nankai University (NKU), China 156.53 198.71
47 Sun Yat-sen University (SYSU), China 152.26 196.35
48 Wuhan University (WHU), China 161.32 195.71
49 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 177.86 193.75
50 Soochow University, China 161.36 193.50
51 University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA) 200.74 184.45
52 Sichuan University (SCU), China 126.91 181.77
53 The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), United States of America (USA) 197.80 181.20
54 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 175.48 180.07
55 University of California, Davis (UC Davis), United States of America (USA) 151.15 178.97
56 New York University (NYU), United States of America (USA) 170.97 175.91
57 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 187.10 175.06
58 Osaka University, Japan 188.74 171.56
59 Tohoku University, Japan 142.81 166.72
60 Seoul National University (SNU), South Korea 164.43 166.13
61 Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), South Korea 152.95 162.36
62 University of California, Irvine (UCI), United States of America (USA) 166.14 159.52
63 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 140.82 158.66
64 Purdue University, United States of America (USA) 148.92 153.03
65 The Ohio State University (OSU), United States of America (USA) 135.60 152.12
66 Texas A&M University (TAMU), United States of America (USA) 171.62 151.18
67 Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST), China 115.78 150.91
68 Xiamen University (XMU), China 146.20 150.49
69 The University of Queensland (UQ), Australia 119.11 150.25
70 Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), United States of America (USA) 148.58 148.33
71 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 164.94 146.95
72 McGill University, Canada 148.03 146.46
73 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 132.36 145.73
74 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 154.01 143.17
75 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 156.18 141.88
76 University of Southern California (USC), United States of America (USA) 121.60 141.12
77 University of Pittsburgh (Pitt), United States of America (USA) 149.82 136.35
78 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 131.25 136.24
79 The University of British Columbia (UBC), Canada 122.83 132.64
80 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 129.89 132.16
81 University of Münster (WWU), Germany 112.55 131.89
82 Nagoya University, Japan 121.18 131.65
83 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 127.60 128.46
84 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (RU), United States of America (USA) 129.84 127.95
85 Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), Japan 130.47 126.80
86 The University of Utah (Utah), United States of America (USA) 137.06 126.02
87 Monash University, Australia 112.11 125.62
88 University of New South Wales (UNSW Sydney), Australia 102.76 122.10
89 The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center (UT Southwestern Medical Center), United States of America (USA) 153.65 121.57
90 Hunan University (HNU), China 89.20 119.08
91 Lanzhou University (LZU), China 108.77 117.08
92 Indiana University (IU), United States of America (USA) 102.05 115.54
93 Tianjin University (TJU), China 79.07 114.58
94 Jilin University (JLU), China 101.49 114.56
95 Hokkaido University, Japan 116.17 114.17
96 Shandong University (SDU), China 90.07 113.59
97 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Germany 120.30 113.33
98 University of Florida (UF), United States of America (USA) 119.48 112.92
99 Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HUJI), Israel 116.94 111.97
100 Technion-Israel Institute of Technology (IIT), Israel 85.33 111.70
101 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 111.41 111.19
102 South China University of Technology (SCUT), China 97.39 110.53
103 Vanderbilt University (VU), United States of America (USA) 121.74 110.44
104 The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST), China 110.48 108.75
105 Beijing Normal University (BNU), China 87.66 107.29
106 Emory University, United States of America (USA) 100.37 107.00
107 East China University of Science and Technology (ECUST), China 82.41 106.87
108 University of California, Riverside (UCR), United States of America (USA) 104.19 106.32
109 Uppsala University (UU), Sweden 97.53 106.26
110 King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Saudi Arabia 111.62 106.05
111 Tongji University, China 75.99 105.69
112 Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium 120.31 105.14
113 The University of Melbourne (UniMelb), Australia 90.61 104.68
114 Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT), China 89.28 104.31
115 Sorbonne University, France 108.55 104.07
116 The University of Arizona (Arizona), United States of America (USA) 92.34 103.40
117 RWTH Aachen University (RWTH Aachen), Germany 93.58 101.46
118 Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU), China 88.60 100.89
119 University of Göttingen, Germany 105.17 100.82
120 Australian National University (ANU), Australia 85.16 100.66
121 Arizona State University (ASU), United States of America (USA) 102.77 100.61
122 East China Normal University (ECNU), China 86.29 100.19
123 University of Alberta (U of A), Canada 101.41 99.69
124 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 78.90 98.98
125 Rice University, United States of America (USA) 116.06 97.51
126 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 74.18 96.83
127 University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU), Germany 88.20 96.18
128 University of Basel (UB), Switzerland 108.56 96.00
129 University of Würzburg (JMU), Germany 118.88 94.56
130 Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), Germany 93.56 93.74
131 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, United States of America (USA) 78.19 93.51
132 Aarhus University (AU), Denmark 80.98 93.38
133 Southern University of Science and Technology (SUSTech), China 68.07 92.35
134 Baylor College of Medicine (BCM), United States of America (USA) 90.67 92.08
135 Boston University (BU), United States of America (USA) 95.73 91.94
136 The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK), China 69.12 91.32
137 University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen), Germany 75.92 90.88
138 Free University of Berlin (FU Berlin), Germany 93.85 90.82
139 Michigan State University (MSU), United States of America (USA) 81.92 89.75
140 University of Amsterdam (UvA), Netherlands 78.24 89.73
141 Goethe University Frankfurt (GU), Germany 67.98 89.21
142 University of Groningen (RUG), Netherlands 112.12 89.09
143 Yonsei University, South Korea 74.24 87.93
144 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 80.21 87.86
145 Kyushu University, Japan 97.34 87.70
146 Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), South Korea 87.04 87.55
147 Tel Aviv University (TAU), Israel 90.77 87.28
148 Dalian University of Technology (DUT), China 65.58 86.70
149 Stockholm University, Sweden 82.16 86.67
150 The Rockefeller University, United States of America (USA) 100.66 85.54
151 University of Freiburg (Uni Freiburg), Germany 95.47 85.39
152 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 81.78 85.21
153 University of Rochester (UR), United States of America (USA) 68.65 85.13
154 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 81.75 84.82
155 Ghent University (UGent), Belgium 64.51 84.39
156 Dresden University of Technology (TU Dresden), Germany 90.97 84.08
157 State University of New York at Stony Brook (SUNY Stony Brook), United States of America (USA) 82.19 83.59
158 North Carolina State University (NCSU), United States of America (USA) 88.04 82.96
159 Lund University (LU), Sweden 83.96 81.14
160 Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU), South Korea 76.42 81.14
161 University of Massachusetts Amherst (UMass Amherst), United States of America (USA) 86.52 81.11
162 Indian Institute of Science (IISc), India 84.53 80.58
163 Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), United States of America (USA) 73.01 80.20
164 University of Virginia (UVA), United States of America (USA) 78.71 79.78
165 Nanjing Tech University (NanjingTech), China 50.75 79.15
166 The University of Georgia (UGA), United States of America (USA) 67.78 79.06
167 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 77.05 78.56
168 Karolinska Institute (KI), Sweden 76.44 77.87
169 Beihang University (BUAA), China 53.84 77.82
170 Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai (ISMMS), MSHS, United States of America (USA) 64.10 77.63
171 The University of Iowa (UI), United States of America (USA) 71.68 77.24
172 Colorado State University, United States of America (USA) 76.22 77.02
173 Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Denmark 74.70 76.88
174 Leiden University, Netherlands 85.96 76.65
175 The University of Sydney (USYD), Australia 68.63 75.99
176 Southeast University (SEU), China 75.87 75.96
177 Iowa State University, United States of America (USA) 67.40 75.74
178 The University of Hong Kong (HKU), China 93.55 75.69
179 University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMass Medical School), United States of America (USA) 59.47 75.32
180 National Taiwan University (NTU), Taiwan 82.55 75.12
181 University of Bonn (Uni Bonn), Germany 80.46 75.10
182 Case Western Reserve University (CWRU), United States of America (USA) 68.42 74.96
183 Brown University, United States of America (USA) 84.43 74.39
184 University of Bern (UniBE), Switzerland 64.11 74.08
185 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 68.04 73.48
186 Beijing University of Chemical Technology (BUCT), China 53.13 73.38
187 University of Paris, France 73.49 72.49
188 Beijing Institute of Technology (BIT), China 52.15 71.87
189 University of Paris-Sud (UPSud), France 71.69 71.41
190 University of Oslo (UiO), Norway 67.96 70.70
191 University of Cincinnati (UC), United States of America (USA) 62.11 70.58
192 University of Vienna, Austria 67.04 70.01
193 University of Notre Dame (ND), United States of America (USA) 66.30 69.58
194 Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), South Korea 77.62 69.31
195 Radboud University Nijmegen (RU), Netherlands 77.50 68.40
196 The University of Warwick (Warwick), United Kingdom (UK) 76.64 68.23
197 University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC), United States of America (USA) 70.28 67.90
198 Shandong Normal University (SDNU), China 52.39 67.43
199 Humboldt University of Berlin (HU Berlin), Germany 69.50 67.18
200 University of Regensburg (UR), Germany 62.91 66.74
201 University of Waterloo, Canada 68.53 66.36
202 University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus (CU Anschutz), United States of America (USA) 56.39 66.06
203 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech), United States of America (USA) 72.51 66.05
204 Fuzhou University (FZU), China 42.97 64.07
205 Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin), Germany 67.17 63.68
206 Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e), Netherlands 66.96 63.37
207 The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom (UK) 66.08 63.35
208 University of Houston (UH), United States of America (USA) 53.05 62.95
209 University of Barcelona (UB), Spain 71.19 62.31
210 University of Nebraska-Lincoln (UNL), United States of America (USA) 61.73 61.86
211 University of Montreal (UdeM), Canada 62.36 61.79
212 University of Helsinki, Finland 60.82 61.54
213 University of Ottawa (uOttawa), Canada 63.75 61.48
214 University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC), United States of America (USA) 58.04 61.24
215 University of Cologne (UoC), Germany 54.57 60.80
216 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 52.94 59.80
217 Central South University (CSU), China 45.86 59.34
218 Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM), Spain 56.14 58.53
219 University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 58.15 58.49
220 Dartmouth College, United States of America (USA) 57.83 57.92
221 University of Lausanne (UNIL), Switzerland 55.34 57.72
222 University of Oregon (UO), United States of America (USA) 53.54 57.61
223 Western University (UWO), Canada 47.27 57.50
224 KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden 54.97 57.38
225 The University of Nottingham (UoN), United Kingdom (UK) 60.74 57.25
226 City University of Hong Kong (CityU), China 43.85 57.04
227 University of Delaware (UD), United States of America (USA) 49.99 56.87
228 Ruhr University Bochum (RUB), Germany 56.11 56.75
229 University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 53.66 56.55
230 Southwest University (SWU), China 62.75 56.50
231 University of Birmingham (UB), United Kingdom (UK) 53.88 56.41
232 Keio University, Japan 62.11 55.97
233 Chalmers University of Technology (Chalmers), Sweden 38.33 55.91
234 Chongqing University (CQU), China 38.38 55.82
235 Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU), United States of America (USA) 47.83 55.61
236 National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico 34.57 55.19
237 University of Calgary (U of C), Canada 53.39 55.13
238 China University of Geosciences (CUG), China 38.92 54.93
239 Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), United Kingdom (UK) 44.42 54.31
240 The City University of New York (CUNY), United States of America (USA) 48.81 53.96
241 University of Connecticut (UConn), United States of America (USA) 71.88 53.74
242 The University of New Mexico (UNM), United States of America (USA) 47.21 53.69
243 Shenzhen University (SZU), China 33.50 53.38
244 University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Spain 54.73 53.25
245 University of Miami (UM), United States of America (USA) 47.45 53.18
246 University at Buffalo, The State University of New York (SUNY UB), United States of America (USA) 45.93 53.13
247 Florida State University (FSU), United States of America (USA) 60.22 53.02
248 Korea University, South Korea 56.42 52.82
249 University of Strasbourg, France 57.49 52.76
250 The University of Kansas (KU), United States of America (USA) 51.92 52.68
251 Northwest University (NWU), China 34.63 52.42
252 VU Amsterdam, Netherlands 41.57 52.25
253 University of Valencia (UV), Spain 44.92 51.76
254 National Tsing Hua University (NTHU), Taiwan 61.45 51.09
255 University of São Paulo (USP), Brazil 56.92 51.02
256 Newcastle University, United Kingdom (UK) 39.34 50.96
257 University of Hawai'i at Manoa (UH Mānoa), United States of America (USA) 45.81 50.94
258 Tufts University, United States of America (USA) 47.75 50.08
259 The University of Tennessee at Knoxville (UTK), United States of America (USA) 41.70 49.89
260 University of Toulouse, France 50.42 49.62
261 University of York, United Kingdom (UK) 42.70 49.59
262 University of Warsaw (UW), Poland 34.58 49.30
263 Vienna University of Technology (TU Wien), Austria 54.04 49.11
264 Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU), Russia 48.19 49.04
265 Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU), Israel 47.15 48.70
266 University of South Florida (USF), United States of America (USA) 36.39 48.47
267 Zhengzhou University (ZZU), China 25.79 48.21
268 Jinan University (JNU), China 30.81 48.15
269 Albert Einstein College of Medicine (Einstein), United States of America (USA) 53.49 47.92
270 Shaanxi Normal University (SNNU), China 31.25 47.78
271 Oregon State University, United States of America (USA) 57.10 47.55
272 China Agricultural University (CAU), China 31.35 47.10
273 Louisiana State University (LSU), United States of America (USA) 43.22 46.81
274 Wageningen University & Research (WUR), Netherlands 51.88 46.60
275 University of Science and Technology Beijing (USTB), China 41.38 46.57
276 Washington State University (WSU), United States of America (USA) 40.05 46.49
277 Aix-Marseille University (AMU), France 47.66 46.39
278 Homi Bhabha National Institute (HBNI), India 64.82 46.21
279 University of Lisbon (ULISBOA), Portugal 34.35 46.06
280 Philipps University of Marburg (Uni Marburg), Germany 46.06 45.68
281 Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IIT Bombay), India 47.24 44.82
282 Northeastern University (NEU), United States of America (USA) 37.78 44.73
283 University of South Carolina - Columbia (SC), United States of America (USA) 41.19 44.12
284 Complutense University of Madrid (UCM), Spain 38.63 44.09
285 University of Lyon, France 45.77 44.04
286 University of Missouri (Mizzou), United States of America (USA) 34.30 43.94
287 Grenoble Alpes University (UGA), France 58.71 43.84
288 University of Montpellier, France 42.54 43.78
289 Aalto University, Finland 41.05 43.69
290 The University of Western Australia (UWA), Australia 42.65 43.67
291 University of Kiel (CAU), Germany 30.70 43.66
292 University of Bordeaux, France 38.11 43.15
293 Brandeis University, United States of America (USA) 43.84 42.78
294 University of Padova (UNIPD), Italy 40.87 42.64
295 University of Stuttgart, Germany 40.76 42.60
296 The University of Texas at Dallas (UT Dallas), United States of America (USA) 39.75 42.31
297 McMaster University, Canada 47.24 41.48
298 Wuhan University of Technology (WUT), China 31.99 41.34
299 Shanghai University (SHU), China 41.50 41.08
300 University of Gothenburg (GU), Sweden 31.81 40.90
301 Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IIT Madras), India 36.29 40.87
302 The University of Oklahoma (OU), United States of America (USA) 37.98 40.80
303 Nanjing Normal University (NNU), China 27.11 40.42
304 Cardiff University, United Kingdom (UK) 41.27 40.36
305 Leipzig University, Germany 49.93 39.74
306 University of Electronic Science and Technology of China (UESTC), China 25.44 39.72
307 University of Bremen (Uni Bremen), Germany 32.90 39.62
308 Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway 24.51 39.56
309 University of Tsukuba, Japan 40.09 39.56
310 Sapienza University of Rome, Italy 40.21 39.17
311 Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf (HHU), Germany 24.49 38.88
312 Ulm University, Germany 33.59 38.87
313 Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Belgium 41.70 38.34
314 Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI), United States of America (USA) 37.48 38.23
315 Northeast Normal University (NENU), China 40.12 38.22
316 China Pharmaceutical University (CPU), China 34.38 38.22
317 Curtin University, Australia 30.17 38.00
318 University of Santiago de Compostela (USC), Spain 32.19 37.57
319 Queen's University, Canada 25.13 37.40
320 Friedrich Schiller University Jena (FSU), Germany 38.47 37.33
321 University of Duisburg-Essen (UDE), Germany 43.02 37.26
322 Nanjing University of Science and Technology (NUST), China 34.05 37.14
323 University of Innsbruck (LFU), Austria 33.29 37.06
324 University of Bayreuth (UBT), Germany 43.81 37.03
325 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Pune (IISER Pune), India 34.85 36.92
326 ShanghaiTech University, China 23.40 36.63
327 University of Twente (UTwente), Netherlands 24.91 36.44
328 Hanyang University (HYU), South Korea 45.65 36.40
329 Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College (CAMS & PUMC), China 32.72 36.13
330 The University of Adelaide (Adelaide Uni), Australia 38.09 35.81
331 Bar-Ilan University (BIU), Israel 29.43 35.80
332 Temple University, United States of America (USA) 44.79 35.46
333 The University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB), United States of America (USA) 30.30 35.29
334 The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU), China 37.36 34.94
335 University of Bath, United Kingdom (UK) 32.82 34.32
336 University of Florence (UNIFI), Italy 33.25 34.25
337 Central China Normal University (CCNU), China 45.58 33.90
338 University of Victoria (UVic), Canada 33.08 33.71
339 Huazhong Agricultural University (HZAU), China 22.79 33.68
340 Kanazawa University (KU), Japan 27.42 33.55
341 University of Bologna (UNIBO), Italy 28.31 33.51
342 Simon Fraser University (SFU), Canada 33.64 33.51
343 University of Turin (UNITO), Italy 25.31 33.48
344 Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur (IIT Kanpur), India 33.07 33.26
345 University of Konstanz, Germany 41.20 33.24
346 Hefei University of Technology (HFUT), China 15.53 33.01
347 University of Maryland, Baltimore (UMB), United States of America (USA) 35.35 32.95
348 Jagiellonian University (UJ), Poland 31.44 32.93
349 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Bhopal (IISER Bhopal), India 20.40 32.71
350 The University of Dublin, Ireland 47.78 32.51
351 Giessen University (JLU), Germany 23.72 32.19
352 Drexel University, United States of America (USA) 26.67 31.94
353 Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST), South Korea 18.43 31.87
354 TU Dortmund University, Germany 41.96 31.72
355 Linköping University (LiU), Sweden 37.72 31.67
356 Laval University (UL), Canada 26.97 31.40
357 Boston College (BC), United States of America (USA) 29.50 31.35
358 Charles University (CU), Czech Republic 30.19 31.19
359 Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST), Japan 21.17 31.09
360 Leibniz University Hannover (LUH), Germany 30.54 31.05
361 Wayne State University, United States of America (USA) 35.96 31.02
362 University of Sussex, United Kingdom (UK) 36.17 30.89
363 Okayama University, Japan 28.97 30.71
364 The University of Akron (UAkron), United States of America (USA) 36.73 30.43
365 University of Dundee, United Kingdom (UK) 26.24 30.24
366 Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB), Spain 34.78 30.00
367 University of Central Florida (UCF), United States of America (USA) 26.27 29.86
368 Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU), United States of America (USA) 26.69 29.83
369 Catholic University of Louvain (UCLouvain), Belgium 25.97 29.80
370 Hiroshima University (HU), Japan 28.91 29.73
371 South China Normal University (SCNU), China 23.59 29.40
372 University of Antwerp (UA), Belgium 26.22 29.29
373 University of Strathclyde, United Kingdom (UK) 35.50 29.25
374 University of Kentucky (UK), United States of America (USA) 42.90 29.23
375 Army Medical University, China 16.93 29.17
376 University of Milan (UNIMI), Italy 35.23 29.07
377 Technical University of Darmstadt (TU Darmstadt), Germany 30.45 28.87
378 National Institute of Applied Sciences (INSA), France 29.36 28.71
379 University of Fribourg (UNIFR), Switzerland 23.96 28.67
380 Saarland University (Saar-Uni), Germany 17.39 28.47
381 Henan University (HENU), China 17.65 28.30
382 Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati (SISSA), Italy 27.08 28.13
383 Queensland University of Technology (QUT), Australia 12.83 27.97
384 Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology (RMIT University), Australia 18.59 27.75
385 Chiba University, Japan 20.38 27.39
386 Umeå University (UMU), Sweden 29.12 27.37
387 Anhui University (AHU), China 14.71 27.21
388 National Cheng Kung University (NCKU), Taiwan 26.44 27.20
389 University of Granada (UGR), Spain 22.38 26.73
390 Shanxi University (SXU), China 27.00 26.57
391 École Normale Supérieure (ENS Paris), France 26.23 26.57
392 Waseda University, Japan 32.47 26.56
393 Zhejiang University of Technology (ZJUT), China 20.60 26.51
394 University of Wollongong (UOW), Australia 32.84 26.48
395 Henan Normal University, China 18.51 26.30
396 Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur (IIT Kharagpur), India 24.85 26.28
397 The University of Auckland, New Zealand 27.49 25.82
398 University of Otago, New Zealand 31.54 25.79
399 Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR), Netherlands 23.04 25.73
400 National Chiao Tung University (NCTU), Taiwan 33.77 25.73
401 Ocean University of China (OUC), China 29.37 25.58
402 University of Milano-Bicocca (UNIMIB), Italy 25.73 25.57
403 University of Bergen (UIB), Norway 24.05 25.57
404 Nanchang University (NCU), China 17.22 25.22
405 University of Naples Federico II (UNINA), Italy 22.72 25.15
406 Northwestern Polytechnical University (NPU), China 20.24 24.82
407 Graz University of Technology (TU Graz), Austria 22.87 24.76
408 Donghua University (DHU), China 14.38 24.71
409 University of Nevada, Reno (UNR), United States of America (USA) 28.21 24.68
410 The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), United States of America (USA) 22.76 24.68
411 Hunan Normal University (HUNNU), China 12.35 24.66
412 Northeastern University (NEU), China 6.49 24.63
413 Clemson University, United States of America (USA) 25.36 24.59
414 Jiangsu Normal University (JSNU), China 18.17 24.47
415 Kobe University, Japan 28.13 24.31
416 University of Pisa (UNIPI), Italy 12.34 24.20
417 University of Potsdam, Germany 21.94 24.17
418 Lancaster University, United Kingdom (UK) 26.21 24.14
419 University of Technology Sydney (UTS), Australia 14.95 24.08
420 Kyung Hee University (KHU), South Korea 25.02 23.96
421 Ewha Womans University (Ewha), South Korea 29.66 23.96
422 State University of New York at Albany (SUNY Albany), United States of America (USA) 20.42 23.94
423 Georgia State University (GSU), United States of America (USA) 25.45 23.81
424 State University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Brazil 14.59 23.79
425 Institute for Advanced Study (IAS), United States of America (USA) 20.86 23.76
426 Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Sweden 19.94 23.76
427 Beijing University of Technology (BJUT), China 26.70 23.68
428 Huaqiao University (HQU), China 13.41 23.67
429 Nanjing Agricultural University (NAU), China 20.72 23.66
430 Syracuse University, United States of America (USA) 16.23 23.64
431 Institute of Science and Technology Austria (IST Austria), Austria 24.87 23.61
432 Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU), Germany 29.21 23.49
433 Tulane University, United States of America (USA) 15.79 23.47
434 Changzhou University (CZU), China 27.14 23.46
435 Nanjing Medical University (NJMU), China 16.58 23.44
436 Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR), India 25.53 23.42
437 Saint Petersburg State University (SPbU), Russia 17.86 23.40
438 The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth), United States of America (USA) 31.14 23.35
439 Jiangnan University, China 14.52 23.32
440 Dalhousie University, Canada 31.94 23.32
441 University of Jinan (UJN), China 19.35 23.19
442 University of Saskatchewan (U of S), Canada 25.18 23.19
443 Tokyo University of Science (TUS), Japan 18.96 23.11
444 University of Sherbrooke (USherbrooke), Canada 40.37 23.10
445 University of Southern Denmark (SDU), Denmark 21.86 22.82
446 Texas Tech University (TTU), United States of America (USA) 19.43 22.60
447 University of Oldenburg, Germany 14.50 22.53
448 Pusan National University (PNU), South Korea 18.39 22.42
449 Bielefeld University, Germany 18.90 22.30
450 University of Liège (ULg), Belgium 26.70 22.21
451 Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications (NUPT), China 16.18 21.94
452 University of Leicester, United Kingdom (UK) 18.84 21.94
453 Masaryk University (MU), Czech Republic 22.15 21.83
454 University of East Anglia (UEA), United Kingdom (UK) 33.96 21.78
455 Queen's University Belfast (QUB), United Kingdom (UK) 25.35 21.71
456 Yangzhou University (YZU), China 10.65 21.70
457 Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology (NUIST), China 18.67 21.50
458 University of Jyväskylä, Finland 19.65 21.46
459 Medical University of Vienna (MUW), Austria 17.33 21.12
460 Zhejiang Normal University (ZJNU), China 16.00 21.11
461 Hong Kong Baptist University (HKBU), China 16.87 21.00
462 Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati (IIT Guwahati), India 23.19 21.00
463 Tianjin University of Technology (TJUT), China 11.16 20.95
464 Griffith University, Australia 24.60 20.76
465 University of Tasmania (UTAS), Australia 22.34 20.56
466 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Kolkata (IISER Kolkata), India 18.34 20.54
467 Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research (AcSIR), India 19.16 20.51
468 University of Siegen, Germany 19.72 20.44
469 Tampere University, Finland 11.34 20.43
470 University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV), United States of America (USA) 15.03 20.36
471 West Virginia University (WVU), United States of America (USA) 25.51 20.26
472 Daegu Gyeongbuk Institute of Science and Technology (DGIST), South Korea 14.38 20.18
473 University of Reading, United Kingdom (UK) 20.45 20.06
474 Qingdao University of Science and Technology (QUST), China 9.10 19.86
475 Technical University Braunschweig (TU Braunschweig), Germany 28.64 19.78
476 Qufu Normal University (QFNU), China 12.66 19.56
477 Chung-Ang University (CAU), South Korea 20.58 19.37
478 University of Porto (UP), Portugal 17.57 19.18
479 Xiangtan University (XTU), China 14.20 19.12
480 University of Graz (Uni Graz), Austria 20.26 18.94
481 Northwest A&F University (NWAFU), China 12.40 18.89
482 The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio (UT Health San Antonio), United States of America (USA) 14.75 18.86
483 Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology (TUAT), Japan 20.17 18.83
484 University of Vermont (UVM), United States of America (USA) 21.54 18.80
485 Montana State University, United States of America (USA) 19.12 18.63
486 Colorado School of Mines, United States of America (USA) 14.37 18.61
487 Auburn University, United States of America (USA) 14.98 18.48
488 Swansea University, United Kingdom (UK) 21.20 18.47
489 Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Brazil 19.37 18.47
490 Hebei University (HBU), China 14.00 18.42
491 The George Washington University (GW), United States of America (USA) 16.86 18.41
492 China University of Geosciences, Beijing (CUGB), China 12.26 18.41
493 Ajou University (AJOU), South Korea 17.17 18.37
494 Wake Forest University (WFU), United States of America (USA) 8.93 18.30
495 University of Zaragoza (Unizar), Spain 15.96 18.21
496 Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology - State University (MIPT), Russia 11.39 18.18
497 University of Wyoming, United States of America (USA) 19.49 18.16
498 University College Dublin (UCD), Ireland 20.77 18.10
499 University of Turku (UTU), Finland 13.04 18.04
500 The Graduate University for Advanced Studies (Sokendai), Japan 15.83 17.98

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.