Institutions by normalized FC - Academic

The 2019 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2018 to 31 December 2018. The normalized ranking is derived by calculating the ratio of FC to the institution’s total article output in natural sciences as tracked by the Dimensions database from Digital Science.

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Normalized
rank
FC
rank
InstitutionNormalized
FC 2018
Nature
Index
FC 2018
Dimensions
natural science
articles 2018
Nature
Index
AC 2018
1347Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL), United States of America (USA)0.1725031.7418480
256Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel0.15298173.171132390
3415Institute of Science and Technology Austria (IST Austria), Austria0.1503923.6115755
4430Institute for Advanced Study (IAS), United States of America (USA)0.1430523.0316170
5289Brandeis University, United States of America (USA)0.1278742.71334119
6155The Rockefeller University, United States of America (USA)0.1261183.36661276
7422Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR), India0.1189023.4219734
838Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland0.11413219.921927542
9360Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST), Japan0.1094029.7627265
1025Princeton University, United States of America (USA)0.10903282.392590712
112Stanford University, United States of America (USA)0.10852622.0157321507
123Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA)0.10686560.2852431698
137Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland0.10673406.5238091017
1416Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA)0.10466328.943143722
1588The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center (UT Southwestern Medical Center), United States of America (USA)0.10440120.061150260
1652University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA)0.10237180.381762542
1723California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA)0.09935285.742876840
18111King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Saudi Arabia0.09647104.771086248
191Harvard University, United States of America (USA)0.09432874.6892742371
20106Technion-Israel Institute of Technology (IIT), Israel0.09382106.951140254
21193Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), South Korea0.0912468.88755161
2211Nanjing University (NJU), China0.09091386.914256937
23101Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST), China0.08958108.391210310
2497Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research (IISER), India0.08915111.081246227
2564Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), South Korea0.08903155.091742319
2647Nankai University (NKU), China0.08672197.112273535
2710University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA)0.08659387.0444701195
28393International School for Advanced Studies (ISAS), Italy0.0865325.6129688
29201Shandong Normal University (SDNU), China0.0864966.43768108
30140Southern University of Science and Technology (SUSTech), China0.0859589.221038271
3142Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL), United States of America (USA)0.08559209.612449467
3221University of Pennsylvania (Penn), United States of America (USA)0.08399303.293611744
334University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK)0.08308437.8352701283
3428The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA)0.08235275.313343643
35221University of Oregon (UO), United States of America (USA)0.0815857.27702169
3612Yale University, United States of America (USA)0.08105344.224247863
37313Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI), United States of America (USA)0.0789437.6547778
38354Boston College (BC), United States of America (USA)0.0788230.3538564
3939University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), United States of America (USA)0.07862215.192737581
405The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan0.07742430.8655651100
41160Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), United States of America (USA)0.0772379.851034245
4213University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), China0.07711343.454454981
43146Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), South Korea0.0760485.851129219
44196University of Regensburg (UR), Germany0.0759267.87894161
458University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK)0.07450403.7754201197
4634Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore0.07414232.513136569
47207Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e), Netherlands0.0740862.82848153
4849Soochow University, China0.07337190.172592350
49168Durham University, United Kingdom (UK)0.0725976.651056217
5020Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA)0.07220311.534315922
5181University of Münster (WWU), Germany0.07158128.061789299
5298Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HUJI), Israel0.07074110.781566253
5317University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA)0.07068328.504648935
54460Daegu Gyeongbuk Institute of Science and Technology (DGIST), South Korea0.0703819.9928453
5591Hunan University (HNU), China0.06998118.751697230
56194University of Notre Dame (ND), United States of America (USA)0.0698268.28978221
5731University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA)0.06920242.693507597
58108University of California, Riverside (UCR), United States of America (USA)0.06875105.671537313
5946Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany0.06754198.312936616
6027Kyoto University, Japan0.06744278.594131701
6166Xiamen University (XMU), China0.06732150.662238287
626Peking University (PKU), China0.06727411.8561221427
63414Huaqiao University (HQU), China0.0672523.6735232
6415University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA)0.06656330.324963957
6575University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK)0.06598140.542130425
6630National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore0.06583250.933812675
67353The University of Akron (UAkron), United States of America (USA)0.0653030.4346648
68120East China Normal University (ECNU), China0.0647599.971544224
69131University of Würzburg, Germany0.0643393.221449288
7014University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA)0.06430337.665251840
71260Albert Einstein College of Medicine (Einstein), United States of America (USA)0.0641049.42771152
7277University of Southern California (USC), United States of America (USA)0.06405138.872168319
7350University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA)0.06350189.612986655
74208Fuzhou University (FZU), China0.0630062.75996103
7529Fudan University, China0.06226254.844093663
7651Wuhan University (WHU), China0.06183185.312997364
77349Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST), South Korea0.0616331.0050367
78220University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK)0.0612357.68942196
7926Cornell University, United States of America (USA)0.06109281.814613876
80152University of Rochester (UR), United States of America (USA)0.0610284.021377257
81129Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands0.0608595.041562251
82209Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin), Germany0.0608261.921018157
83323ShanghaiTech University, China0.0605736.34600164
84356University of Dundee, United Kingdom (UK)0.0604030.2050086
8522University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA)0.05974287.644815854
86134Baylor College of Medicine (BCM), United States of America (USA)0.0584291.661569308
8743The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA)0.05842205.333515638
88230Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU), United States of America (USA)0.0584055.48950151
8954The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), United States of America (USA)0.05817178.303065459
9092Lanzhou University (LZU), China0.05815114.201964222
91136The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK), China0.0575390.261569300
92124University of Basel (UB), Switzerland0.0574297.101691316
9359Osaka University, Japan0.05739167.472918459
9432Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK)0.05738240.274187954
9582Nagoya University, Japan0.05736127.912230387
96322University of Bayreuth (UBT), Germany0.0572136.3963694
97420Jiangsu Normal University (JSNU), China0.0568523.5441434
98164Indian Institute of Science (IISc), India0.0565777.781375193
99109East China University of Science and Technology (ECUST), China0.05599105.031876219
100341University of Konstanz, Germany0.0559032.8158785

The original version of this table (published 20 June 2019) used incorrect fractional counts, percentage changes and article counts to derive the rankings, which meant that some institutions were ranked incorrectly. The data and rankings were corrected on 12 August 2019.

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. It is important for users to understand that the data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, that they cover the natural sciences only and that outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output). We encourage users to combine the free-to-access Nature Index data with information from other sources.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted FC accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. FC values have been adjusted to 2018 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.

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