2018 tables: Institutions - NPO/NGO

Table criteria

The 2018 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2017 to 31 December 2017.

2017 Institution FC 2016 FC 2017
1 Max Planck Society, Germany 765.91 745.16
2 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 524.2 502.42
3 Leibniz Association, Germany 206.11 185.41
4 Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Russia 172.13 175.45
5 Scripps Research, United States of America (USA) 153.78 148.07
6 Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology (BIST), Spain 119.22 107.93
7 Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics (PI), Canada 33.7 50.72
8 Carnegie Institution for Science (CIS), United States of America (USA) 45.5 49.58
9 National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), United States of America (USA) 49.01 46.42
10 Salk Institute for Biological Studies (Salk), United States of America (USA) 50.4 39.47
11 Pasteur Institute, France 39.26 38.33
12 HHMI Janelia Farm Research Campus, United States of America (USA) 44.98 36.95
13 Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science (IACS), India 29 31.83
14 Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 25.89 31.52
15 Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center (FHCRC), United States of America (USA) 35.72 30.56
16 Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), United States of America (USA) 37.32 29.58
17 Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL), United States of America (USA) 18.61 24.49
18 Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute (SBP), United States of America (USA) 22.72 24.14
19 Flanders Institute for Biotechnology (VIB), Belgium 35.41 22.65
20 Netherlands Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter (FOM), Netherlands 20.95 22.09
21 Vienna Biocenter (VBC), Austria 28.96 21.97
22 Cancer Research UK (CRUK), United Kingdom (UK) 17.96 21.95
23 Catalan Institution for Research and Advanced Studies (ICREA), Spain 25.09 19.8
24 Cluster of Excellence - Precision Physics, Fundamental Interactions and Structure of Matter (PRISMA), JGU, Germany 18.71 19.31
25 John Innes Centre (JIC), United Kingdom (UK) 22.44 19.07
26 Cluster of Excellence - Munich Center for Integrated Protein Science Munich (CiPS-M), LMU, Germany 14.12 18.61
27 Stowers Institute for Medical Research, United States of America (USA) 10.77 18.45
28 Ames Laboratory, United States of America (USA) 16.5 17.7
29 Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (KNAW), Netherlands 21.12 15.92
30 CIC nanoGUNE Consolider, Spain 11.92 15.63
31 Southwest Research Institute (SwRI), United States of America (USA) 19.13 15.1
32 Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research (WEHI), Australia 14.15 14.99
33 Rudjer Boskovic Institute (RBI), Croatia 8.89 14.07
34 Curie Institute, France 13.54 13.9
35 California Institute for Quantitative Biosciences (QB3), United States of America (USA) 14.02 13.88
36 Fraunhofer Society, Germany 21.03 13.71
37 Synchrotron SOLEIL, France 12.18 13.47
38 Interuniversity Microelectronics Centre (IMEC), Belgium 19.33 11.99
39 Ludwig Cancer Research, United States of America (USA) 9.45 10.59
40 Institut Laue Langevin (ILL), France 14.12 10.36
41 The Wistar Institute, United States of America (USA) 12.26 10.33
42 Cluster of Excellence - Center for Advancing Electronics Dresden (CFAED), TU Dresden, Germany 10.62 10.09
43 Institute of Microbial Chemistry (IMC), Japan 3.33 10.05
44 International Solvay Institutes, Belgium 10.25 10
45 La Jolla Institute for Immunology (LJI), United States of America (USA) 13.32 9.88
46 Babraham Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 10.87 9.04
47 Elettra - Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A., Italy 9.04 8.92
48 Laboratory for the Synthesis and Characterisation of Organometallic Molecular Materials (CR LASCAMM), Italy 5.85 8.89
49 Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation (OMRF), United States of America (USA) 4.58 8.87
50 Center for High Pressure Science and Technology Advanced Research (HPSTAR), China 7.38 8.85
51 Gladstone Institutes, United States of America (USA) 13.52 8.5
52 Van Andel Research Institute (VAI), United States of America (USA) 5.53 8.37
53 Allen Institute, United States of America (USA) 5.37 7.65
54 Italian Foundation for Cancer Research (FIRC), Italy 6.18 7.46
55 American Museum of Natural History (AMNH), United States of America (USA) 6.94 7.44
56 Champalimaud Foundation, Portugal 7.22 7.44
57 Cluster of Excellence - Cologne Excellence Cluster on Cellular Stress Responses in Aging-Associated Diseases (CECAD), UoC, Germany 7.27 7.26
58 QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute, Australia 6.74 7.19
59 National Institute of Chemistry, Slovenia, Slovenia 4.23 6.96
60 Garvan Institute of Medical Research, Australia 5.33 6.92
61 Gulbenkian Science Institute (IGC), Portugal 8.95 6.88
62 Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL), UChicago, United States of America (USA) 4.45 6.77
63 Santa Fe Institute (SFI), United States of America (USA) 4.34 6.67
64 Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST), Luxembourg 4.38 6.63
65 Cluster of Excellence - Werner Reichardt Centre for Integrative Neuroscience (CIN), Uni Tübingen, Germany 8.18 6.52
66 Buck Institute for Research on Aging, United States of America (USA) 6.77 6.37
67 Canadian Institute for Advanced Research (CIFAR), Canada 7.84 6.24
68 Center for Cooperative Research in Biosciences (CIC bioGUNE), Spain 6.26 6.24
69 The Jackson Laboratory, United States of America (USA) 13.1 6.12
70 Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (MBARI), United States of America (USA) 2.76 6.01
71 Clinical Research Institute of Montreal (IRCM), Canada 5.25 6.01
72 Planetary Science Institute (PSI), United States of America (USA) 4.29 5.97
73 Cluster of Excellence - Hamburg Center for Ultrafast Imaging (CUI), UHH, Germany 4.2 5.9
74 Institute of Molecular Biology gGmbH (IMB), Germany 3.32 5.85
75 National Health Research Institutes (NHRI), Taiwan 4.41 5.74
76 Universities Space Research Association (USRA), United States of America (USA) 5.84 5.66
77 Centre for Cooperative Research in Biomaterials (CIC biomaGUNE), Spain 7.17 5.62
78 Raman Research Institute (RRI), India 2.44 5.54
79 Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research (TNO), Netherlands 5.53 5.53
80 New York Genome Center (NYGC), United States of America (USA) 2 5.45
81 National Graduate School of Engineering and Research Center (ENSICAEN), France 3.38 5.26
82 Union of the German Academies of Sciences and Humanities, Germany 3.11 5.15
83 National Institute of Chemical Physics and Biophysics (NICPB), Estonia 4.53 5.12
84 TUM Cluster of Excellence - Origin and Structure of the Universe (Excellence Cluster Universe), Germany 4.29 4.7
85 Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research (JFCR), Japan 2.9 4.63
86 Norwegian Institute for Water Research (NIVA), Norway 3.87 4.6
87 Cluster of Excellence - Nanosystems Initiative Munich (NIM), LMU, Germany 4.73 4.38
88 Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL), United States of America (USA) 6.54 4.34
89 Ligue Contre Le Cancer, France 1.57 4.33
90 International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (ICGEB), Italy 2.43 4.24
91 Wetsus Centre of Excellence for Sustainable Water Technology, Netherlands 4.78 4.23
92 Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences, United States of America (USA) 0.39 4.23
93 J. Craig Venter Institute (JCVI), United States of America (USA) 4.23 4.19
94 Cluster of Excellence - Center for Regenerative Therapies Dresden (CRTD), TU Dresden, Germany 3.76 4.19
95 Center for Scientific Studies (CECs), Chile 6.57 4.16
96 Industrial Technology Research Institute (ITRI), Taiwan 1 4.01
97 Campbell Family Cancer Research Institute, U of T, Canada 2.56 4
98 Telethon Foundation, Italy 3.33 3.99
99 European Magnetic Field Laboratory (EMFL), Germany 4.63 3.92
100 Institute of Physics, Bhubaneswar, India 4.41 3.9

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. It is important for users to understand that the data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, that they cover the natural sciences only and that outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output). We encourage users to combine the free-to-access Nature Index data with information from other sources.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted FC accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. FC values have been adjusted to 2018 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.