2018 tables: Institutions - NPO/NGO

Table criteria

The 2018 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2017 to 31 December 2017.

2017 Institution FC 2016 FC 2017
1 Max Planck Society, Germany 759.71 734.95
2 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 526.35 489.97
3 Leibniz Association, Germany 205.7 182.95
4 Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Russia 173.45 170.84
5 The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI), United States of America (USA) 147.71 142.28
6 Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology (BIST), Spain 119.21 107.14
7 Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics (PI), Canada 34.2 50.72
8 Carnegie Institution for Science (CIS), United States of America (USA) 45.5 50.07
9 Salk Institute for Biological Studies (Salk), United States of America (USA) 50.4 39.56
10 HHMI Janelia Farm Research Campus, United States of America (USA) 44.98 36.92
11 Pasteur Institute, France 39.58 35.38
12 Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science (IACS), India 29 31.83
13 Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 25.88 30.65
14 Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center (FHCRC), United States of America (USA) 35.72 30.61
15 Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), United States of America (USA) 37.31 27.63
16 Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL), United States of America (USA) 18.61 23.91
17 Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute (SBP), United States of America (USA) 22.75 23.55
18 Netherlands Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter (FOM), Netherlands 20.96 22.18
19 Vienna Biocenter (VBC), Austria 28.81 21.64
20 Cancer Research UK (CRUK), United Kingdom (UK) 17.96 21.58
21 Catalan Institution for Research and Advanced Studies (ICREA), Spain 25.1 19.75
22 Cluster of Excellence - Precision Physics, Fundamental Interactions and Structure of Matter (PRISMA), JGU, Germany 18.71 19.44
23 John Innes Centre (JIC), United Kingdom (UK) 22.44 18.97
24 High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), Japan 18.59 18.49
25 Stowers Institute for Medical Research, United States of America (USA) 10.77 18.45
26 Cluster of Excellence - Munich Center for Integrated Protein Science Munich (CiPS-M), LMU, Germany 14.12 18.4
27 Ames Laboratory, United States of America (USA) 16.5 17.7
28 Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (KNAW), Netherlands 21.12 15.01
29 Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research (WEHI), Australia 14.08 14.9
30 CIC nanoGUNE Consolider, Spain 11.92 14.88
31 Flanders Institute for Biotechnology (VIB), Belgium 20.01 14.61
32 Rudjer Boskovic Institute (RBI), Croatia 8.89 14.07
33 Southwest Research Institute (SwRI), United States of America (USA) 19.13 14.02
34 Curie Institute, France 13.58 14.02
35 Synchrotron SOLEIL, France 12.18 13.47
36 Fraunhofer Society, Germany 20.36 13.11
37 Research Organization of Information and Systems (ROIS), Japan 13.93 12.47
38 Interuniversity Microelectronics Centre (IMEC), Belgium 19.41 12.33
39 Institut Laue Langevin (ILL), France 14.46 10.36
40 Institute of Microbial Chemistry (IMC), Japan 3.33 10.05
41 International Solvay Institutes, Belgium 10.13 10
42 La Jolla Institute for Allergy and Immunology (LIAI), United States of America (USA) 13.37 9.89
43 The Wistar Institute, United States of America (USA) 12.26 9.84
44 Cluster of Excellence - Center for Advancing Electronics Dresden (CFAED), TU Dresden, Germany 10.66 9.69
45 Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research Ltd. (LICR), United States of America (USA) 7.94 9.23
46 Babraham Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 10.87 8.98
47 Elettra - Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A., Italy 9.04 8.94
48 National Interuniversity Consortium of Materials Science and Technology (INSTM), Italy 5.85 8.89
49 Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation (OMRF), United States of America (USA) 4.58 8.87
50 Center for High Pressure Science and Technology Advanced Research (HPSTAR), China 7.38 8.85
51 Van Andel Research Institute (VAI), United States of America (USA) 5.54 8.37
52 Gladstone Institutes, United States of America (USA) 13.19 7.75
53 Allen Institute (AI), United States of America (USA) 5.57 7.63
54 Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST), Luxembourg 4.38 7.63
55 Champalimaud Foundation (EN), Portugal 7.22 7.44
56 American Museum of Natural History (AMNH), United States of America (USA) 6.94 7.41
57 Italian Foundation for Cancer Research (FIRC), Italy 6.13 7.15
58 Cluster of Excellence - Cologne Excellence Cluster on Cellular Stress Responses in Aging-Associated Diseases (CECAD), UoC, Germany 7.27 7.05
59 National Institute of Chemistry, Slovenia, Slovenia 4.23 6.96
60 Gulbenkian Science Institute (IGC), Portugal 8.95 6.88
61 QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute, Australia 6.91 6.87
62 Garvan Institute of Medical Research, Australia 5.39 6.79
63 Santa Fe Institute (SFI), United States of America (USA) 4.43 6.62
64 Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL), UChicago, United States of America (USA) 4.45 6.48
65 Cluster of Excellence - Werner Reichardt Centre for Integrative Neuroscience (CIN), Uni Tübingen, Germany 8.18 6.42
66 Buck Institute for Research on Aging, United States of America (USA) 6.77 6.37
67 Center for Cooperative Research in Biosciences (CIC bioGUNE), Spain 6.33 6.24
68 Canadian Institute for Advanced Research (CIFAR), Canada 7.96 6.22
69 The Jackson Laboratory, United States of America (USA) 13.1 6.14
70 Cluster of Excellence - Hamburg Center for Ultrafast Imaging (CUI), UHH, Germany 4.2 6.11
71 Clinical Research Institute of Montreal (IRCM), UdeM, Canada 5.25 5.97
72 Institute of Molecular Biology gGmbH (IMB), Germany 3.32 5.85
73 Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (MBARI), United States of America (USA) 2.76 5.84
74 Planetary Science Institute (PSI), United States of America (USA) 4.29 5.77
75 National Health Research Institutes (NHRI), Taiwan 4.41 5.74
76 Universities Space Research Association (USRA), United States of America (USA) 5.82 5.62
77 Centre for Cooperative Research in Biomaterials (CIC biomaGUNE), Spain 7.17 5.59
78 Raman Research Institute (RRI), India 2.44 5.54
79 Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research (TNO), Netherlands 5.53 5.53
80 New York Genome Center (NYGC), United States of America (USA) 2 5.33
81 Union of the German Academies of Sciences and Humanities, Germany 3.09 5.14
82 National Institute of Chemical Physics and Biophysics (NICPB), Estonia 4.53 4.91
83 HudsonAlpha Institute for Biotechnology, United States of America (USA) 5.33 4.74
84 TUM Cluster of Excellence - Origin and Structure of the Universe (Excellence Cluster Universe), Germany 4.18 4.65
85 Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research (JFCR), Japan 2.9 4.63
86 Norwegian Institute for Water Research (NIVA), Norway 3.87 4.6
87 Cluster of Excellence - Nanosystems Initiative Munich (NIM), LMU, Germany 4.73 4.38
88 Ligue Contre Le Cancer, France 1.57 4.33
89 California Institute for Biomedical Research (Calibr), United States of America (USA) 6.03 4.29
90 International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (ICGEB), Italy 2.43 4.24
91 J. Craig Venter Institute (JCVI), United States of America (USA) 4.23 4.24
92 Center for Scientific Studies (CECs), Chile 6.57 4.16
93 Cluster of Excellence - Center for Regenerative Therapies Dresden (CRTD), TU Dresden, Germany 3.76 4.13
94 Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL), United States of America (USA) 6.54 4.12
95 International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Austria 3.86 4.02
96 Industrial Technology Research Institute (ITRI), Taiwan 1 4.01
97 Campbell Family Cancer Research Institute, U of T, Canada 2.56 4
98 Telethon Foundation, Italy 3.33 3.99
99 European Magnetic Field Laboratory (EMFL), Germany 4.63 3.92
100 Institute of Physics, Bhubaneswar, India 4.41 3.9

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. It is important for users to understand that the data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, that they cover the natural sciences only and that outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output). We encourage users to combine the free-to-access Nature Index data with information from other sources.

The tables were last updated on 7 June 2018 with the most recent institution and article corrections.

*The change in adjusted FC accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. FC values have been adjusted to 2017 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.

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