2018 tables: Institutions - NPO/NGO

Table criteria

The 2018 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2017 to 31 December 2017.

2017 Institution Share 2016 Share 2017
1 Max Planck Society, Germany 766.40 747.77
2 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 528.91 514.09
3 Leibniz Association, Germany 208.50 187.66
4 Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Russia 172.05 176.81
5 Scripps Research, United States of America (USA) 153.80 148.17
6 Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology (BIST), Spain 119.22 107.99
7 The Francis Crick Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 44.79 62.19
8 Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics (PI), Canada 33.70 50.72
9 Carnegie Institution for Science (CIS), United States of America (USA) 42.20 46.81
10 National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), United States of America (USA) 49.01 46.80
11 Salk Institute for Biological Studies (Salk), United States of America (USA) 50.40 39.66
12 Pasteur Institute, France 39.22 38.34
13 HHMI Janelia Research Campus, United States of America (USA) 44.98 36.95
14 Wellcome Sanger Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 25.89 32.31
15 Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science (IACS), India 29.00 31.83
16 Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center (FHCRC), United States of America (USA) 35.72 31.02
17 Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), United States of America (USA) 37.75 29.90
18 Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL), United States of America (USA) 18.61 24.49
19 Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute (SBP), United States of America (USA) 22.79 24.14
20 Flanders Institute for Biotechnology (VIB), Belgium 36.02 22.91
21 Vienna Biocenter (VBC), Austria 28.96 21.98
22 Catalan Institution for Research and Advanced Studies (ICREA), Spain 25.09 19.80
23 John Innes Centre (JIC), United Kingdom (UK) 22.44 19.07
24 Cluster of Excellence - Munich Center for Integrated Protein Science Munich (CiPS-M), LMU, Germany 14.12 18.61
25 Stowers Institute for Medical Research, United States of America (USA) 10.77 18.45
26 Ames Laboratory, United States of America (USA) 16.50 17.70
27 Southwest Research Institute (SwRI), United States of America (USA) 19.13 16.17
28 Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (KNAW), Netherlands 20.80 16.13
29 CIC nanoGUNE Consolider, Spain 11.92 15.63
30 Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research (WEHI), Australia 14.09 15.10
31 Rudjer Boskovic Institute (RBI), Croatia 8.89 14.74
32 Curie Institute, France 13.46 14.05
33 Fraunhofer Society, Germany 21.93 13.95
34 California Institute for Quantitative Biosciences (QB3), United States of America (USA) 14.02 13.88
35 Interuniversity Microelectronics Centre (IMEC), Belgium 19.33 11.99
36 Cancer Research UK (CRUK), United Kingdom (UK) 9.98 11.23
37 The Wistar Institute, United States of America (USA) 12.34 10.67
38 Institut Laue Langevin (ILL), France 14.12 10.36
39 Ludwig Cancer Research, United States of America (USA) 9.10 10.28
40 Cluster of Excellence - Center for Advancing Electronics Dresden (CFAED), TU Dresden, Germany 10.62 10.09
41 Institute of Microbial Chemistry (IMC), Japan 3.33 10.05
42 International Solvay Institutes, Belgium 10.25 10.00
43 La Jolla Institute for Immunology (LJI), United States of America (USA) 13.32 9.88
44 Babraham Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 10.87 9.27
45 Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation (OMRF), United States of America (USA) 4.58 8.94
46 Elettra - Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A., Italy 9.31 8.92
47 National Interuniversity Consortium of Materials Science and Technology (INSTM), Italy 5.87 8.89
48 Center for High Pressure Science and Technology Advanced Research (HPSTAR), China 7.38 8.85
49 Gladstone Institutes, United States of America (USA) 13.52 8.50
50 Van Andel Research Institute (VAI), United States of America (USA) 5.53 8.42
51 QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute, Australia 6.91 7.90
52 Allen Institute, United States of America (USA) 5.37 7.65
53 Champalimaud Foundation, Portugal 7.22 7.50
54 Italian Foundation for Cancer Research (FIRC), Italy 6.18 7.46
55 American Museum of Natural History (AMNH), United States of America (USA) 6.94 7.44
56 High Pressure Collaborative Access Team (HPCAT), United States of America (USA) 5.13 7.32
57 Cluster of Excellence - Cologne Excellence Cluster on Cellular Stress Responses in Aging-Associated Diseases (CECAD), UoC, Germany 7.27 7.26
58 Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (MBARI), United States of America (USA) 2.76 7.01
59 Garvan Institute of Medical Research, Australia 5.33 7.00
60 National Institute of Chemistry, Slovenia, Slovenia 4.23 6.96
61 Gulbenkian Science Institute (IGC), Portugal 8.95 6.88
62 Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL), UChicago, United States of America (USA) 4.45 6.77
63 Santa Fe Institute (SFI), United States of America (USA) 4.34 6.67
64 Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST), Luxembourg 4.38 6.63
65 Center for Cooperative Research in Biosciences (CIC bioGUNE), Spain 6.26 6.61
66 Cluster of Excellence - Werner Reichardt Centre for Integrative Neuroscience (CIN), Uni Tübingen, Germany 8.18 6.52
67 Planetary Science Institute (PSI), United States of America (USA) 4.29 6.40
68 Buck Institute for Research on Aging, United States of America (USA) 6.77 6.37
69 Canadian Institute for Advanced Research (CIFAR), Canada 7.84 6.27
70 The Jackson Laboratory (JAX), United States of America (USA) 13.10 6.23
71 Clinical Research Institute of Montreal (IRCM), Canada 5.26 6.17
72 Cluster of Excellence - Hamburg Center for Ultrafast Imaging (CUI), UHH, Germany 4.20 5.90
73 Institute of Molecular Biology gGmbH (IMB), Germany 3.37 5.85
74 National Health Research Institutes (NHRI), Taiwan 4.41 5.78
75 Universities Space Research Association (USRA), United States of America (USA) 5.85 5.75
76 Centre for Cooperative Research in Biomaterials (CIC biomaGUNE), Spain 7.17 5.62
77 Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research (TNO), Netherlands 5.53 5.53
78 New York Genome Center (NYGC), United States of America (USA) 2.05 5.50
79 National Graduate School of Engineering and Research Center (ENSICAEN), France 3.38 5.26
80 Union of the German Academies of Sciences and Humanities, Germany 3.20 5.21
81 National Institute of Chemical Physics and Biophysics (NICPB), Estonia 4.53 5.12
82 Institute of Molecular Medicine (IMM), Portugal 4.12 5.02
83 TUM Cluster of Excellence - Origin and Structure of the Universe (Excellence Cluster Universe), Germany 4.29 4.78
84 J. Craig Venter Institute (JCVI), United States of America (USA) 4.23 4.75
85 Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research (JFCR), Japan 2.90 4.63
86 Raman Research Institute (RRI), India 2.44 4.54
87 Cluster of Excellence - Nanosystems Initiative Munich (NIM), LMU, Germany 4.73 4.38
88 Norwegian Institute for Water Research (NIVA), Norway 3.78 4.35
89 Ligue Contre Le Cancer, France 1.57 4.33
90 Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL), United States of America (USA) 6.04 4.31
91 International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (ICGEB), Italy 2.43 4.24
92 Wetsus Centre of Excellence for Sustainable Water Technology, Netherlands 4.78 4.23
93 Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences, United States of America (USA) 0.39 4.23
94 Center for Scientific Studies (CECs), Chile 6.57 4.16
95 Industrial Technology Research Institute (ITRI), Taiwan 1.00 4.01
96 Telethon Foundation, Italy 3.33 3.99
97 European Magnetic Field Laboratory (EMFL), Germany 4.63 3.92
98 Institute of Physics, Bhubaneswar, India 4.41 3.91
99 National Center for Theoretical Sciences (NCTS), MOST, Taiwan 4.22 3.83
100 International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Austria 3.76 3.65

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.