2018 tables: Institutions - government

Table criteria

The 2018 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2017 to 31 December 2017.

2017 Institution FC 2016 FC 2017
1 Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), China 1592.44 1529.78
2 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 768.29 723.81
3 National Institutes of Health (NIH), United States of America (USA) 341.52 376.63
4 Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain 211.51 200.65
5 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), United States of America (USA) 180.59 185.77
6 RIKEN, Japan 155.91 151.74
7 National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), United States of America (USA) 151.17 130.84
8 Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), United States of America (USA) 119.55 118.22
9 Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), United States of America (USA) 111.22 117.5
10 National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN), Italy 120.3 117.35
11 Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), India 132.88 116.54
12 National Research Council (CNR), Italy 125.96 112.8
13 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), United States of America (USA) 98.15 100.37
14 National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), United States of America (USA) 98.32 94.77
15 Atomic Energy and Alternative Energies Commission (CEA), France 110.69 92.79
16 National Institute for Health and Medical Research (INSERM), France 90.33 88.57
17 Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), United States of America (USA) 94.58 88.43
18 Czech Academy of Sciences (CAS), Czech Republic 74.47 87.95
19 U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), United States of America (USA) 93.8 86.43
20 Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), Singapore 75.69 80.33
21 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), United States of America (USA) 84.73 79.59
22 Medical Research Council (MRC), United Kingdom (UK) 65.06 77.25
23 National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Japan 77.31 73.52
24 Institute for Basic Science (IBS), South Korea 70.8 71.54
25 Academia Sinica, Taiwan 77.13 70.45
26 U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), United States of America (USA) 73.84 68.63
27 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), United States of America (USA) 75.95 67.88
28 National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Japan 67.33 61.38
29 People's Liberation Army (PLA), China 56.85 57.25
30 Polish Academy of Sciences (PAS), Poland 49 55.99
31 European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Switzerland 53.8 55.28
32 Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI), Switzerland 50.04 51.72
33 Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), India 44.6 49.45
34 Sandia National Laboratories, United States of America (USA) 43.78 45.74
35 European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Germany 45.66 44.74
36 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), United States of America (USA) 45.18 40.26
37 Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST), South Korea 31.83 39.69
38 The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Australia 52.16 39.39
39 National Scientific and Technical Research Council (CONICET), Argentina 41.77 38.15
40 Austrian Academy of Sciences (ÖAW), Austria 32.37 38.14
41 Italian Institute of Technology (IIT), Italy 35.64 36.95
42 National Institute for Astrophysics (INAF), Italy 37.99 34.69
43 Hungarian Academy of Sciences (HAS), Hungary 38.85 34.02
44 French National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA), France 36.8 33.97
45 Smithsonian Institution, United States of America (USA) 44.17 33.75
46 Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), United Kingdom (UK) 30.58 33.28
47 Institute of Research for Development (IRD), France 32.49 30.03
48 National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV), Italy 33.11 28.93
49 National Institutes of Natural Sciences (NINS), Japan 28.6 28
50 Korea Institute for Advanced Study (KIAS), South Korea 22.51 26.73
51 Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS), China 21.13 26.29
52 U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), United States of America (USA) 22.34 26.06
53 National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), United States of America (USA) 29.06 25.29
54 U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, United States of America (USA) 30.86 24.94
55 China Academy of Engineering Physics (CAEP), China 22.5 24.5
56 Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (EAWAG), Switzerland 32.29 24.14
57 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), United States of America (USA) 26.78 23.88
58 Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC), Canada 22.29 23.84
59 European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF), France 23.57 23.27
60 China Meteorological Administration (CMA), China 19.44 23.14
61 Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology (EMPA), Switzerland 21.3 22.01
62 Institute of Health Carlos III (ISCIII), Spain 16.93 21.68
63 Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC), Japan 27.45 21.06
64 National Research Council (NRC), Canada 16.42 19.95
65 National Research Center Kurchatov Institute (NRCKI), Russia 22.84 19.87
66 Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab), United States of America (USA) 17.67 18.72
67 High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), Japan 18.59 18.65
68 NERC British Antarctic Survey (BAS), United Kingdom (UK) 14.47 18.33
69 Brazil Ministry of Science, Technology, Innovation and Communication (MCTIC), Brazil 18.09 17.61
70 Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR), Russia 10.61 16.48
71 Harish-Chandra Research Institute (HRI), India 18.29 16.19
72 National Institute of Biological Sciences, Beijing (NIBS), China 20.95 15.93
73 China Earthquake Administration (CEA), China 14.79 15.56
74 Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics (SINP), India 9.22 15.19
75 Department of Atomic Energy (DAE), India 23.08 14.73
76 Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP), Italy 18.98 14.55
77 Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation (ANSTO), Australia 14.77 14.06
78 Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute (JASRI), Japan 11.88 13.9
79 Jozef Stefan Institute (IJS), Slovenia 11.52 13.82
80 India Department of Space (DOS), India 21.38 13.44
81 Research Organization of Information and Systems (ROIS), Japan 15.26 13
82 Madrid Institute of Advanced Studies (IMDEA), Spain 17.66 12.4
83 NERC National Oceanography Centre (NOC), United Kingdom (UK) 12.33 11.53
84 National Museum of Natural History (MNHN), France 10.04 11.33
85 Foundation for Research and Technology - Hellas (FORTH), Greece 10.53 11.05
86 The National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (NASU), Ukraine 11.57 10.84
87 Met Office, United Kingdom (UK) 15.46 10.3
88 India Ministry of Science and Technology, India 4.86 10.29
89 European Southern Observatory (ESO), Germany 9.39 10.26
90 Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences (IPM), Iran 14.59 10.12
91 Natural History Museum, United Kingdom (UK) 11.51 10.08
92 Spanish National Center for Cardiovascular Research (CNIC), Spain 11.53 9.73
93 National Science Foundation (NSF), United States of America (USA) 8.75 9.38
94 National Physical Laboratory (NPL), United Kingdom (UK) 10.4 9.17
95 U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), United States of America (USA) 8.65 9.16
96 National Institute of Science Education and Research (NISER), India 7.45 9.02
97 National Institutes for Quantum and Radiological Science and Technology (QST), Japan 11.46 8.8
98 Joint Genome Institute (JGI), United States of America (USA) 9.45 8.8
99 National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center (NSRRC), Taiwan 6.65 8.77
100 Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology (KRICT), South Korea 9.2 8.68

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. It is important for users to understand that the data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, that they cover the natural sciences only and that outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output). We encourage users to combine the free-to-access Nature Index data with information from other sources.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted FC accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. FC values have been adjusted to 2018 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.