2018 tables: Institutions - government

Table criteria

The 2018 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2017 to 31 December 2017.

2017 Institution FC 2016 FC 2017
1 Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), China 1590.28 1510.38
2 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 766.89 702.01
3 National Institutes of Health (NIH), United States of America (USA) 342.32 372.15
4 Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), India 169.68 214.66
5 Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain 209.29 193.14
6 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), United States of America (USA) 184.14 187.36
7 RIKEN, Japan 155.37 152.3
8 National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), United States of America (USA) 151.38 124.85
9 Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), United States of America (USA) 119.66 118.1
10 Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), United States of America (USA) 111.24 117.54
11 National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN), Italy 120.68 117.38
12 Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), India 132.88 116.56
13 National Research Council (CNR), Italy 125.61 109.86
14 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), United States of America (USA) 98.33 98.92
15 National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), United States of America (USA) 98.32 93.5
16 Atomic Energy and Alternative Energies Commission (CEA), France 110.15 90.52
17 National Institute for Health and Medical Research (INSERM), France 91.08 88.43
18 Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), United States of America (USA) 94.79 88
19 Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic (ASCR), Czech Republic 74.33 86.84
20 U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), United States of America (USA) 97.66 85
21 Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), Singapore 74.94 78.19
22 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), United States of America (USA) 84.73 76.54
23 Medical Research Council (MRC), United Kingdom (UK) 61.18 74.81
24 National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Japan 78.09 73.49
25 Institute for Basic Science (IBS), South Korea 70.76 71.32
26 Academia Sinica, Taiwan 76.83 70.03
27 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), United States of America (USA) 75.61 67.2
28 U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), United States of America (USA) 73.84 65.78
29 National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Japan 67.48 61.07
30 Polish Academy of Sciences (PAS), Poland 50.17 55.04
31 European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Switzerland 53.21 54.43
32 People's Liberation Army (PLA), China 56.51 53.09
33 Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI), Switzerland 50.16 51.61
34 Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), India 44.85 48.46
35 National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), United States of America (USA) 49.9 47.02
36 Sandia National Laboratories, United States of America (USA) 43.78 45.44
37 European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Germany 45.74 44.35
38 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), United States of America (USA) 48.33 40.65
39 Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST), South Korea 31.83 39.33
40 The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Australia 52.05 38.44
41 National Scientific and Technical Research Council (CONICET), Argentina 41.33 37.05
42 Italian Institute of Technology (IIT), Italy 36.22 36.67
43 Austrian Academy of Sciences (ÖAW), Austria 32.35 36.03
44 Hungarian Academy of Sciences (HAS), Hungary 38.83 33.55
45 Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), United Kingdom (UK) 30.42 33.03
46 French National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA), France 35.17 31.68
47 Smithsonian Institution, United States of America (USA) 43.95 30.57
48 Institute of Research for Development (IRD), France 32.23 28.07
49 National Institute for Astrophysics (INAF), Italy 33.46 27.25
50 Korea Institute for Advanced Study (KIAS), South Korea 22.71 26.69
51 National Institutes of Natural Sciences (NINS), Japan 28.44 26.64
52 National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV), Italy 33.11 26.5
53 Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS), China 20.99 26.11
54 National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), United States of America (USA) 29.06 25.29
55 U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), United States of America (USA) 22.31 25.13
56 China Academy of Engineering Physics (CAEP), China 23.01 24.67
57 U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, United States of America (USA) 30.86 23.94
58 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), United States of America (USA) 26.78 23.92
59 Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (EAWAG), Switzerland 32.29 23.43
60 European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF), France 23.57 23.01
61 Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC), Canada 22.29 22.46
62 Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology (EMPA), Switzerland 21.3 21.5
63 China Meteorological Administration (CMA), China 18.56 21.47
64 Institute of Health Carlos III (ISCIII), Spain 16.91 20.92
65 National Research Center Kurchatov Institute (NRCKI), Russia 22.95 20.88
66 Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC), Japan 27.45 19.98
67 National Research Council (NRC), Canada 15.93 19.92
68 Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab), United States of America (USA) 17.67 18.72
69 Ministry of Science, Technology, Innovation and Communication (MCTIC), Brazil 18.4 17.16
70 NERC British Antarctic Survey (BAS), United Kingdom (UK) 14.8 16.97
71 Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR), Russia 10.62 16.49
72 Harish-Chandra Research Institute (HRI), India 18.29 16.19
73 National Institute of Biological Sciences, Beijing (NIBS), China 20.95 15.85
74 Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics (SINP), India 9.22 15.19
75 Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP), Italy 19.05 14.51
76 Department of Atomic Energy (DAE), India 20.31 14.16
77 Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation (ANSTO), Australia 14.78 14.06
78 Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute (JASRI), Japan 11.88 13.9
79 Jozef Stefan Institute (IJS), Slovenia 11.52 13.83
80 China Earthquake Administration (CEA), China 14.79 13.61
81 Madrid Institute of Advanced Studies (IMDEA), Spain 17.66 12.02
82 National Museum of Natural History (MNHN), France 11.08 11.42
83 The National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (NASU), Ukraine 11.73 10.82
84 NERC National Oceanography Centre (NOC), United Kingdom (UK) 12.33 10.64
85 Foundation for Research and Technology - Hellas (FORTH), Greece 10.53 10.39
86 Met Office, United Kingdom (UK) 15.86 10.3
87 Natural History Museum, United Kingdom (UK) 11.51 9.88
88 Spanish National Center for Cardiovascular Research (CNIC), Spain 11.53 9.53
89 India Ministry of Science and Technology, India 4.18 9.31
90 National Physical Laboratory (NPL), United Kingdom (UK) 11.4 9.17
91 U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), United States of America (USA) 8.65 9.16
92 National Institute of Science Education and Research (NISER), India 7.45 9.02
93 U.S. Food and Drug Administration (USFDA), United States of America (USA) 6.14 9.01
94 National Institutes for Quantum and Radiological Science and Technology (QST), Japan 11.46 8.8
95 National Science Foundation (NSF), United States of America (USA) 8.6 8.79
96 Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology (KRICT), South Korea 9.2 8.68
97 National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center (NSRRC), Taiwan 6.65 8.68
98 Bureau of Meteorology (BOM), Australia 4.57 8.39
99 Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), Japan 8.19 8.38
100 National Centre for Scientific Research 'Demokritos' (NCSR), Greece 7.36 8.36

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. It is important for users to understand that the data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, that they cover the natural sciences only and that outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output). We encourage users to combine the free-to-access Nature Index data with information from other sources.

The tables were last updated on 7 June 2018 with the most recent institution and article corrections.

*The change in adjusted FC accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. FC values have been adjusted to 2017 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.

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