2018 tables: Institutions - physical sciences - corporate

The 2018 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2017 to 31 December 2017.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2016 Share 2017 Count 2017 Change in Adjusted Share 2016-2017*
1 Thales S.A., France 6.08 3.81 27 -38.1%
2 Airbus S.A.S., France 0.58 2.15 6 263.9%
3 Infineon Technologies AG, Germany 0.06 2.13 4 3,689.6%
4 Merck KGaA, Germany 1.01 1.86 3 80.9%
5 Nokia Corporation, Finland 1.15 1.75 9 49.9%
6 Koninklijke Philips N.V. (Philips), Netherlands 0.80 1.69 8 108.3%
7 Oxford Instruments, United Kingdom (UK) 0.20 1.48 4 645.0%
8 QuantumWise A/S, Denmark 1.48 5 N/A
9 STMicroelectronics N.V., Switzerland 0.22 1.45 10 562.1%
10 Center for Nanotechnology GmbH (CeNTech GmbH), Germany 2.56 1.30 6 -49.9%
11 Graphenea SA, Spain 0.85 1.29 4 50.7%
12 Research Institutes of Sweden (RISE), Sweden 0.05 1.21 7 2,556.1%
13 Emberion Oy, Finland 1.09 2 N/A
14 Saint-Gobain SA, France 0.87 1.08 4 23.2%
15 Firmenich International SA, Switzerland 1.50 1.00 1 -34.1%
15 SwissScientific SA, Switzerland 1.00 1 N/A
16 Johnson Matthey (JM), United Kingdom (UK) 0.17 0.96 8 469.9%
17 Novartis International AG, Switzerland 0.24 0.90 2 275.6%
18 Carinthian Tech Research AG (CTR), Austria 0.90 2 N/A
19 ELI-HU Nonprofit Ltd., Hungary 0.12 0.84 9 609.4%
20 Vmicro SAS, France 0.83 1 N/A
21 Haldor Topsøe A/S, Denmark 0.91 0.80 1 -13.2%
22 BASF SE, Germany 2.93 0.73 11 -75.4%
23 BAE Systems, United Kingdom (UK) 0.53 0.68 2 26.3%
24 Total S.A., France 0.71 0.66 4 -7.6%
25 Unilever, United Kingdom (UK) 0.37 0.65 3 75.9%
26 Research Center for Non Destructive Testing GmbH (RECENDT), Austria 0.13 0.64 2 408.2%
26 LFoundry S.r.l. (LF), Italy 0.64 1 N/A
26 Abberior Instruments GmbH, Germany 0.64 2 N/A
27 PragmatIC Printing Limited, United Kingdom (UK) 0.63 1 N/A
28 Sol Voltaics AB, Sweden 0.17 0.61 2 262.3%
29 Anglo American plc, United Kingdom (UK) 2.52 0.60 3 -76.7%
30 Kromek Group plc, United Kingdom (UK) 0.56 1 N/A
31 AIT Austrian Institute of Technology GmbH, Austria 0.77 0.55 6 -28.9%
32 AstraZeneca plc, United Kingdom (UK) 0.27 0.52 2 88.0%
33 Cambridge Display Technology Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.18 0.50 1 171.7%
33 Trumpf Laser GmbH, Germany 0.44 0.50 1 11.2%
33 Bruker BioSpin GmbH, Germany 0.50 1 N/A
33 Ferrx AS, Norway 0.50 1 N/A
33 Protemics GmbH, Germany 0.50 1 N/A
34 Materials Center Leoben Forschung GmbH, Austria 0.47 2 N/A
35 Siemens AG, Germany 0.40 0.45 7 10.4%
36 Sanofi, France 0.00 0.43 2 31,482.5%
37 National Metrology and Testing (LNE), France 2.26 0.42 5 -81.5%
38 OSRAM AG, Germany 1.02 0.42 1 -59.5%
39 Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN), Netherlands 0.39 0.40 2 1.8%
40 FlexEnable Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.13 0.40 1 216.2%
41 BP plc, United Kingdom (UK) 0.25 0.39 2 49.8%
42 Portugal Telecom Inovação, S.A. (PTIn), Portugal 0.13 0.38 6 187.1%
43 M Squared Lasers, United Kingdom (UK) 0.38 1 N/A
44 IQE plc, United Kingdom (UK) 0.44 0.37 2 -18.8%
45 NIL Technology ApS, Denmark 0.35 2 N/A
46 Air Liquide, France 0.34 2 N/A
47 CSC - IT Center for Science Ltd., Finland 0.33 1 N/A
47 Kivion MTÜ, Estonia 0.33 1 N/A
47 Giotto Biotech S.r.l., Italy 0.33 1 N/A
47 Nanoforce Technology Limited, United Kingdom (UK) 0.33 1 N/A
47 ez SQUID, Germany 0.33 1 N/A
47 Soitec S.A., France 0.39 0.33 1 -16.2%
47 Plansee SE, Austria 0.33 1 N/A
47 UAB Altechna, Lithuania 0.33 1 N/A
48 Novo Nordisk A/S, Denmark 0.36 0.32 1 -12.6%
49 Carl Zeiss AG, Germany 0.14 0.31 2 115.2%
50 First Light Fusion Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.02 0.29 2 1,341.1%

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.