2018 tables: Institutions - Nature & Science - corporate

The 2018 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2017 to 31 December 2017.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2016 Share 2017 Count 2017 Change in Adjusted Share 2016-2017*
1 Novartis International AG, Switzerland 5.75 3.80 14 -29.9%
2 Merck & Co., Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.90 3.67 8 329.9%
3 IBM Corporation, United States of America (USA) 0.50 3.02 6 538.8%
4 F. Hoffmann-La Roche AG, Switzerland 0.73 2.24 4 223.4%
5 Alphabet Inc., United States of America (USA) 2.73 2.20 5 -14.6%
6 Sosei Co., Ltd., Japan 2.00 1.46 2 -22.4%
7 Bristol-Myers Squibb (BMS), United States of America (USA) 1.63 1.22 4 -20.9%
8 China National Chemical Corporation (ChemChina), China 1.00 1 N/A
8 Eli Lilly and Company, United States of America (USA) 0.22 1.00 1 377.3%
8 Vicarious FPC, Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.00 1 N/A
8 HP Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.00 1 N/A
8 New England Biolabs, Inc. (NEB), United States of America (USA) 1.00 1 N/A
9 GNS Science, New Zealand 0.35 1.00 6 205.5%
10 HRL Laboratories LLC, United States of America (USA) 1.00 0.95 2 0.7%
11 Sanofi, France 0.17 0.93 2 480.2%
12 Amgen Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.02 0.90 3 4,483.1%
13 NGM Biopharmaceuticals, Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.85 1 N/A
14 BGI, China 0.45 0.85 7 98.8%
15 Johnson & Johnson, United States of America (USA) 0.08 0.84 1 1,071.7%
16 GlaxoSmithKline plc. (GSK), United Kingdom (UK) 0.34 0.67 4 111.0%
17 AbbVie Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.65 1 N/A
18 Exxon Mobil Corporation (ExxonMobil), United States of America (USA) 0.50 0.59 1 24.7%
19 Samsung Group, South Korea 0.04 0.57 2 1,333.0%
20 BioNTech AG, Germany 0.53 0.54 2 8.1%
21 ConfometRx, United States of America (USA) 0.32 0.50 1 64.9%
22 Ionis Pharmaceuticals, Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.22 0.49 2 131.6%
23 Forma Therapeutics, Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.47 1 N/A
24 Sanaria Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.41 1 N/A
25 Egenesis Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.40 1 N/A
26 Oncomed Pharmaceuticals, Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.40 1 N/A
27 AstraZeneca plc, United Kingdom (UK) 0.32 0.39 3 29.6%
28 Zalgen Labs, LLC, United States of America (USA) 0.35 1 N/A
29 Gran Telescopio de Canarias, S.A. (GRANTECAN), Spain 0.34 1 N/A
30 Techint Group, Italy 0.01 0.33 1 3,009.3%
30 Rhodium Group, LLC (RHG), United States of America (USA) 0.33 1 N/A
31 Leidos Holdings, Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.25 0.32 8 34.6%
32 Agios Pharmaceuticals, Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.29 2 N/A
33 Ono Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., Japan 0.29 1 N/A
33 EnZinc, United States of America (USA) 0.29 1 N/A
34 Microsoft Corporation, United States of America (USA) 0.78 0.28 2 -62.4%
35 Anglo American plc, United Kingdom (UK) 0.26 2 N/A
36 Adaptive Biotechnologies LLC, United States of America (USA) 0.25 2 N/A
37 Thales S.A., France 0.25 2 N/A
38 Lockheed Martin Corporation, United States of America (USA) 0.02 0.25 1 1,278.0%
38 FutureWater, Netherlands 0.25 1 N/A
38 ABB Ltd., Switzerland 0.25 1 N/A
39 Asymchem Labs., China 0.29 0.23 1 -14.4%
40 Johnson Matthey (JM), United Kingdom (UK) 0.11 0.22 2 114.2%
41 Fluidigm Corporation, United States of America (USA) 0.22 1 N/A
42 Greeneridge Sciences Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.20 1 N/A
42 Optical Biosystems, Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.20 1 N/A
42 Sila Nanotechnologies Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.20 1 N/A
43 10x Genomics, United States of America (USA) 0.06 0.19 1 269.3%
44 WuXi NextCODE, United States of America (USA) 0.18 1 N/A
45 Biogen Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.82 0.18 2 -76.9%
46 National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research Ltd. (NIWA), New Zealand 0.53 0.17 3 -66.5%
47 Intel Corporation, United States of America (USA) 0.01 0.17 1 2,172.0%
47 Porticus Amsterdam CV, Netherlands 0.17 1 N/A
47 Autodesk Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.17 1 N/A
47 Risk Management Solutions, Inc. (RMS), United States of America (USA) 0.17 1 N/A
48 Synfuels China Technology Co., Ltd., China 0.16 2 N/A
49 Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd., Japan 0.16 2 N/A
50 Bioqual, Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.32 0.16 1 -45.8%

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.