2018 tables: Institutions - physical sciences

Table criteria

The 2018 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2017 to 31 December 2017.

2017 Institution Share 2016 Share 2017
1 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 67.12 72.15
2 King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Saudi Arabia 47.94 47.23
3 Tel Aviv University (TAU), Israel 37.19 41.72
4 Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HUJI), Israel 34.97 39.64
5 Technion-Israel Institute of Technology (IIT), Israel 56.85 39.42
6 Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU), Israel 12.77 17.15
7 Bar-Ilan University (BIU), Israel 13.74 13.41
8 Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences (IPM), Iran 14.42 10.04
9 Bilkent University, Turkey 10.62 8.23
10 COMSATS University Islamabad (CUI), Pakistan 5.37 6.96
11 Yerevan State University (YSU), Armenia 5.47 6.57
12 University of the Punjab, Pakistan 7.80 6.08
13 Shahid Beheshti University (SBU), Iran 3.53 5.49
14 University of Tehran (UT), Iran 3.59 4.12
15 National University of Computer and Emerging Sciences (NUCES), Pakistan 4.00
16 Islamia University of Bahawalpur Pakistan (IUB), Pakistan 0.25 3.58
17 University of Tabriz, Iran 0.13 3.50
18 Shiraz University, Iran 10.27 3.33
19 Sharif University of Technology (SUT), Iran 3.15 3.26
20 Istanbul Technical University (ITU), Turkey 2.14 3.05
21 Hadassah Academic College, Israel 3.00
21 Ruppin Academic Center, Israel 3.00
22 Damghan University, Iran 0.33 2.92
23 Shahrood University of Technology, Iran 2.83
24 Ariel University (AU), Israel 1.81 2.48
25 L.N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University (ENU), Kazakhstan 1.08 2.30
26 University of Central Punjab (UCP), Pakistan 0.01 2.27
27 Izmir Institute of Technology (IZTECH), Turkey 1.05 2.26
28 American University of Beirut (AUB), Lebanon 1.25 2.25
29 Ferdowsi University of Mashhad (FUM), Iran 4.46 2.20
30 University of Nizwa, Oman 0.75 2.08
31 Isfahan University of Technology (IUT), Iran 3.24 1.93
32 Nazarbayev University (NU), Kazakhstan 1.41 1.93
33 Islamic Azad University (IAU), Iran 1.67 1.88
34 Yazd University, Iran 0.75 1.76
35 University of Sistan and Baluchestan (USB), Iran 1.70
36 Government College University (GCU), Pakistan 2.56 1.69
37 University of Education, Pakistan 0.50 1.67
37 Kocaeli University, Turkey 1.00 1.67
38 King Abdulaziz University (KAU), Saudi Arabia 2.06 1.57
39 Istanbul University, Turkey 0.04 1.54
40 Khalifa University of Science and Technology, United Arab Emirates 1.61 1.53
41 Koç University (KU), Turkey 1.45 1.52
42 Boğaziçi University (BU), Turkey 2.12 1.49
43 Israel Atomic Energy Commission (IAEC), Israel 0.33 1.40
44 Quaid-i-Azam University (QAU), Pakistan 1.35 1.38
45 Holon Institute of Technology (HIT), Israel 0.17 1.38
46 University of Management and Technology (UMT), Pakistan 2.25 1.33
47 Al-Farabi Kazakh National University (KazNU), Kazakhstan 0.44 1.28
48 Doğuş University (DOU), Turkey 1.03 1.17
49 University of Qom, Iran 1.00 1.17
50 Middle East Technical University (METU), Turkey 3.24 1.12
51 Alzahra University, Iran 0.37 1.11
52 Research Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics of Maragha (RIAAM), Iran 3.24 1.08
53 Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences (IASBS), Iran 0.41 1.08
54 Hacettepe University, Turkey 0.09 1.06
55 Bu-Ali Sina University, Iran 0.67 1.00
55 Open University of Israel (OPENU), Israel 1.23 1.00
55 Urmia University, Iran 1.00
55 Sirjan University of Technology, Iran 1.00
55 Pamukkale University (PAU), Turkey 1.00
55 Baku State University, Azerbaijan 0.33 1.00
56 King Saud University (KSU), Saudi Arabia 1.77 0.93
57 Vali-e-Asr University of Rafsanjan (VRU), Iran 0.90
58 Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University (TSU), Georgia 0.62 0.90
59 National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST), Pakistan 1.90 0.88
60 Sabanci University (SU), Turkey 1.91 0.85
61 University of Haifa (HU), Israel 1.19 0.82
62 Carnegie Mellon University in Qatar, Qatar 0.46 0.79
63 Ege University, Turkey 0.76
64 King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals (KFUPM), Saudi Arabia 0.17 0.75
64 Karabük University, Turkey 0.75
65 Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University, Iran 3.13 0.67
65 University of Agriculture, Faisalabad (UAF), Pakistan 0.67
65 Taibah University, Saudi Arabia 0.67
66 National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Armenia (NAS), Armenia 0.31 0.63
67 Çukurova University, Turkey 0.58 0.61
68 Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan (UzAS), Uzbekistan 1.59 0.55
69 Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University (COMU), Turkey 0.02 0.53
70 University of Engineering and Technology - Lahore (UET Lahore), Pakistan 0.52
71 Mimar Sinan Fine Arts University, Turkey 0.01 0.51
72 International Islamic University (IIU), Pakistan 0.50
72 Farhangian University (CFU), Iran 0.50
72 İzmir University of Economics, Turkey 0.50
72 University of Ayatollah Ozma Borujerdi, Iran 0.50
73 ORT Braude College of Engineering (OBC), Israel 0.51 0.48
74 Gazi University, Turkey 0.33 0.45
75 Semi Conductor Devices (SCD), Israel 0.43
76 Qatar University, Qatar 1.25 0.40
77 Ankara University, Turkey 1.34 0.40
78 University of Zanjan, Iran 0.40
79 United Arab Emirates University (UAEU), United Arab Emirates 0.67 0.39
80 Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University (SRTTU), Iran 0.25 0.38
81 Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University (IAU), Saudi Arabia 0.04 0.35
82 University of Kashan, Iran 0.50 0.33
82 Ministry of Defense (MOD), Israel 0.33
82 Lahore Leads University, Pakistan 0.17 0.33
82 Damascus University, Syria 0.25 0.33
82 Başkent University, Turkey 3.45 0.33
82 Gyumri State Pedagogical Institute (GSPI), Armenia 0.33
83 King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST), Saudi Arabia 0.55 0.33
84 Cristal Global, Saudi Arabia 0.29
85 Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TÜBİTAK), Turkey 0.28
86 Lahore University of Management Sciences (LUMS), Pakistan 0.50 0.28
87 Ilia State University, Georgia 0.44 0.26
88 Hamad Bin Khalifa University (HBKU), Qatar 3.51 0.25
89 Iran Science and Technology Museum (IRSTM), Iran 0.25 0.25
89 Prince Mohammad bin Fahd University (PMU), Saudi Arabia 0.33 0.25
89 Aspire College, Pakistan 0.25
89 University of Isfahan (UI), Iran 0.25
89 Graduate University of Advanced Technology (GUAT), Iran 0.25
89 Saline Water Conversion Corporation (SWCC), Saudi Arabia 0.25
90 National Academy of Sciences the Republic of Kazakhstan (NAS), Kazakhstan 0.20 0.25
91 Sultan Qaboos University (SQU), Oman 0.24
92 Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences (ANAS), Azerbaijan 1.33 0.23
93 Saudi Aramco, Saudi Arabia 0.45 0.20
94 University of Turkish Aeronautical Association (UTAA), Turkey 0.17 0.20
94 Abdullah Gül University, Turkey 0.17 0.20
94 University of Guilan (GU), Iran 1.00 0.20
94 University of Al-Qadisiyah, Iraq 0.20
95 Al-Mustansiriya University, Iraq 0.18
96 Yarmouk University, Jordan 0.18
97 Yildiz Technical University (YTU), Turkey 0.01 0.17
98 Khazar University, Azerbaijan 0.17
98 The University of Jordan, Jordan 0.06 0.17
98 National University of Uzbekistan, Uzbekistan 0.19 0.17
98 Young Researchers and Elite Club, Iran 0.25 0.17
98 PolyPid Ltd., Israel 0.17
99 Lorestan University, Iran 0.50 0.15
100 Istanbul Bilgi University, Turkey 0.07 0.14

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.