2018 tables: Institutions - physical sciences

The 2018 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2017 to 31 December 2017.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2016 Share 2017 Count 2017 Change in Adjusted Share 2016-2017*
1 National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN), Italy 118.97 116.90 645 -2.9%
2 National Research Council (CNR), Italy 60.46 57.20 264 -6.5%
3 National Institute for Astrophysics (INAF), Italy 35.17 28.35 134 -20.4%
4 Sapienza University of Rome, Italy 19.29 21.60 291 10.6%
5 Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati (SISSA), Italy 20.34 21.14 87 2.7%
6 Italian Institute of Technology (IIT), Italy 20.74 20.66 78 -1.6%
7 University of Milano-Bicocca (UNIMIB), Italy 14.30 15.18 165 4.9%
8 Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP), Italy 18.00 13.73 132 -24.6%
9 University of Milan (UNIMI), Italy 9.47 13.25 148 38.2%
10 University of Padova (UNIPD), Italy 13.20 12.83 190 -3.9%
11 University of Florence (UNIFI), Italy 7.14 12.75 124 76.6%
12 Polytechnic University of Milan, Italy 11.79 10.08 48 -15.6%
13 Scuola Normale Superiore (SNS), Italy 8.44 7.20 151 -15.7%
14 University of Turin (UNITO), Italy 7.82 6.69 152 -15.5%
15 University of Bologna (UNIBO), Italy 12.76 6.62 223 -48.7%
16 University of Pisa (UNIPI), Italy 10.03 6.44 208 -36.6%
17 University of Rome Tor Vergata, Italy 8.03 6.19 130 -23.8%
18 Elettra - Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A., Italy 7.15 5.80 29 -19.8%
19 University of Genova, Italy 3.48 5.74 204 63.1%
20 University of Salerno (UNISA), Italy 2.17 5.63 49 156.1%
21 Polytechnic University of Turin, Italy 7.30 5.59 33 -24.4%
22 University of Trento (UNITN), Italy 3.18 5.23 141 62.5%
23 University of Roma Tre, Italy 3.64 5.05 87 37.1%
24 University of Perugia, Italy 3.71 5.03 116 33.8%
25 University of Salento, Italy 6.63 4.44 89 -33.8%
26 University of Trieste (UNITS), Italy 5.13 4.16 118 -19.8%
27 University of Parma (UNIPR), Italy 3.60 4.16 31 14.1%
28 Gran Sasso Science Institute (GSSI), Italy 2.36 4.15 44 73.6%
29 University of Naples Federico II (UNINA), Italy 7.32 4.12 187 -44.4%
30 University of Calabria (UNICAL), Italy 8.56 3.78 75 -56.4%
31 University of Pavia (UNIPV), Italy 2.36 3.74 162 56.7%
32 University of Cagliari (UNICA), Italy 3.80 3.17 51 -17.7%
33 Scientific Institute for Research, Hospitalization and Healthcare (IRCCS), Italy 0.61 2.46 9 299.6%
34 University of Ferrara (UNIFE), Italy 2.53 2.30 61 -10.4%
35 University of Palermo (UNIPA), Italy 2.19 2.12 12 -4.4%
36 University of Catania, Italy 3.43 2.06 108 -40.6%
37 Italy Ministry of Education, Universities and Research (MIUR), Italy 2.00 2 N/A
38 Istituto Nazionale di Ricerca Metrologica (INRIM), Italy 2.89 1.95 8 -33.4%
39 University of L'Aquila (UNIVAQ), Italy 1.93 1.93 21 -1.6%
40 University of Eastern Piedmont "Amedeo Avogadro" (UNIPMN), Italy 1.52 1.92 103 24.7%
41 National Interuniversity Consortium for the Physical Sciences of Matter (CNISM), Italy 0.79 1.80 16 124.4%
42 Polytechnic University of Bari, Italy 2.18 1.62 108 -26.9%
43 University of Modena and Reggio Emilia (UNIMORE), Italy 2.36 1.47 34 -38.2%
44 Catholic University of the Sacred Heart (UCSC), Italy 3.44 1.45 6 -58.3%
45 University of Camerino (UNICAM), Italy 1.15 1.44 18 23.5%
46 IMT School for Advanced Studies Lucca, Italy 1.38 2 N/A
47 University of Insubria, Italy 1.58 1.33 12 -16.9%
48 University of Bari Aldo Moro (UniBA), Italy 1.94 1.27 129 -35.6%
49 Bruno Kessler Foundation (FBK), Italy 1.32 1.21 84 -8.9%
50 National Interuniversity Consortium of Materials Science and Technology (INSTM), Italy 1.64 1.17 8 -29.5%
51 Italian Space Agency (ASI), Italy 0.72 1.11 21 51.1%
52 Institute for Scientific Interchange (ISI), Italy 0.97 1.01 6 3.1%
53 Edmund Mach Foundation, Italy 1.00 1 N/A
54 Italian Foundation for Cancer Research (FIRC), Italy 0.81 4 N/A
55 University of Bergamo, Italy 0.04 0.75 2 1,983.1%
56 International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (ICGEB), Italy 0.68 1 N/A
57 LFoundry S.r.l. (LF), Italy 0.64 1 N/A
58 Il Museo della Fisica e il Centro Studi e Ricerche Enrico Fermi (Centro Fermi), Italy 0.73 0.62 33 -16.8%
59 Istituto Nazionale di Alta Matematica "Francesco Severi" (INdAM), Italy 0.29 0.61 2 107.0%
60 Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development (ENEA), Italy 1.41 0.60 8 -58.2%
61 National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV), Italy 0.93 0.57 3 -39.8%
62 Guglielmo Marconi University (GMU), Italy 0.29 0.54 66 84.4%
63 University of Brescia (UNIBS), Italy 1.58 0.52 20 -67.5%
64 Italy Ministry of Health, Italy 0.67 0.44 84 -34.8%
65 University of Sannio, Italy 0.03 0.43 15 1,353.3%
66 Marche Polytechnic University (UNIVPM), Italy 0.51 0.40 3 -22.8%
67 University of Siena (UNISI), Italy 0.24 0.39 57 60.0%
68 Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn Napoli (SZN), Italy 0.39 1 N/A
69 University of Messina (UNIME), Italy 2.16 0.36 3 -83.4%
70 European Gravitational Observatory (EGO), Italy 0.41 0.34 13 -16.9%
71 Giotto Biotech S.r.l., Italy 0.33 1 N/A
72 Institute for Advanced Study (IUSS Pavia), Italy 0.28 0.27 3 -2.4%
73 Lincean Academy, Italy 0.25 1 N/A
73 University of Magna Graecia (UMG), Italy 0.25 1 N/A
74 University of Udine (UNIUD), Italy 0.39 0.24 68 -38.9%
75 Ceinge - Biotecnologie Avanzate S.C. a r.l., Italy 0.02 0.23 2 900.5%
76 Saes Group, Italy 0.22 1 N/A
76 Glass to Power Srl (G2P), Italy 0.22 1 N/A
77 University of Tuscia (UNITUS), Italy 0.15 0.21 2 38.3%
78 Ca' Foscari University of Venice (UNIVE), Italy 0.51 0.20 1 -61.6%
78 National Institute of Oceanography and Experimental Geophysics (OGS), Italy 0.20 1 N/A
79 Free University of Bozen-Bolzano (UniBz), Italy 0.17 1 N/A
80 University of Campania Luigi Vanvitelli, Italy 0.76 0.17 4 -78.4%
81 Campus Bio-Medico University, Italy 0.16 2 N/A
82 University of Urbino, Italy 0.12 0.15 37 19.2%
83 Consorzio per La Promozione delle Attivita' Universitarie del Sulcis Iglesiente (Consorzio Ausi), Italy 0.13 1 N/A
84 European School of Molecular Medicine (SEMM), Italy 0.12 3 N/A
85 Innovhub SSI, Italy 0.09 1 N/A
86 Clément Fillietroz-ONLUS Foundation, Italy 0.08 2 N/A
87 e-GEOS, Italy 0.27 0.08 1 -69.3%
88 Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies of Pisa (SSSA), Italy 0.05 0.08 2 64.4%
89 University of Verona (UNIVR), Italy 0.12 0.07 1 -40.4%
89 World Food Programme (WFP), Italy 0.07 1 N/A
89 Bocconi University, Italy 0.07 1 N/A
90 University of Basilicata, Italy 0.07 0.06 89 -5.4%
91 Universita' degli Studi Niccolo' Cusano, Italy 0.37 0.06 1 -83.1%
91 University of Chieti (Ud'A), Italy 0.06 1 N/A
92 Gruppo Astrofili Montagna Pistoiese (GAMP), Italy 0.04 1 N/A
93 Kore University of Enna, Italy 0.04 1 N/A
94 University of Cassino and Southern Lazio (UNICAS), Italy 0.03 6 N/A
95 CGS S.p.A. Compagnia Generale per lo Spazio, Italy 0.01 0.03 1 271.3%
96 Mario Negri Sud Foundation (FMNS), Italy 0.03 2 N/A
96 Genextra S.p.A., Italy 0.03 2 N/A
96 Niguarda Hospital, Italy 0.03 2 N/A
97 Rome International Center for Materials Science of Superstripes (RICMASS), Italy 0.03 1 N/A
98 Lajatico Astronomical Association, Italy 0.02 1 N/A
99 Parthenope University of Naples, Italy 0.01 0.02 32 130.0%
100 Mediterranea University of Reggio Calabria (UNIRC), Italy 0.01 2 N/A

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.