2018 tables: Institutions - physical sciences

Table criteria

The 2018 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2017 to 31 December 2017.

2017 Institution FC 2016 FC 2017
1 Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), China 516.37 516.48
2 Max Planck Society, Germany 317.74 310.49
3 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 307.68 276.6
4 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 168.52 217.58
5 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 235.99 213.15
6 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 223.28 210.26
7 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 184.24 189.43
8 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 189.94 182.98
9 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 162.3 145.61
10 Tsinghua University, China 136.19 145.28
11 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 124.99 144.75
12 Peking University (PKU), China 141.49 141.37
13 University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 123.35 131.25
14 University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), China 108.33 122.5
15 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 126.58 116.3
16 National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN), Italy 118.97 115.22
17 Nanjing University (NJU), China 121.33 114.75
18 Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore 97.52 113.97
19 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 92.52 112.43
20 University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA) 98.56 108.65
21 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 109.1 104.33
22 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 90.76 103.61
23 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 103.78 102.98
24 National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore 96.84 99.9
25 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), United States of America (USA) 91.83 95.82
26 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 100.45 91.09
27 Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Russia 91.32 90.42
28 Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain 82.25 90.24
29 Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), South Korea 90.4 89.25
30 Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA) 95.26 87.56
31 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 98.44 83.69
32 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 91.56 80.75
33 Zhejiang University (ZJU), China 63.75 79.28
34 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 71.04 79.09
35 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 80.18 77.81
36 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 84.79 77.7
37 Soochow University, China 74.22 75.72
38 Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), United States of America (USA) 67.9 74.9
39 Kyoto University, Japan 70.38 74.61
40 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 79.67 74.6
41 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS), China 39.69 73.54
42 Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), India 48.42 72.36
43 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 67.12 72.11
44 Seoul National University (SNU), South Korea 70.74 71.18
45 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 54.64 70.29
46 Leibniz Association, Germany 75.16 66.64
47 National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), United States of America (USA) 75.73 65.5
48 University of Pennsylvania (Penn), United States of America (USA) 66.39 64.77
49 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 69.59 64.39
50 Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), United States of America (USA) 65.11 63.23
51 Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), United States of America (USA) 69.09 62.02
52 RIKEN, Japan 58.44 61.51
53 Fudan University, China 71.81 61.26
54 Tohoku University, Japan 78.56 59.94
55 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 71 59.25
56 Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), United States of America (USA) 55.81 59.07
57 Rice University, United States of America (USA) 60.18 58.79
58 Purdue University, United States of America (USA) 59.69 58.12
59 National Research Council (CNR), Italy 60.12 57.15
60 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 67.23 56.71
61 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 58.1 55.8
62 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 56.62 55.18
63 Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU), China 48.81 54.77
64 European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Switzerland 53.18 54.76
65 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 62.86 54.16
66 Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST), China 35.86 52.87
67 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 69.46 51.92
68 Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU), China 48.24 51.19
69 Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics (PI), Canada 33.7 50.72
70 Pierre and Marie Curie University (UPMC) - Paris 6, France 53.26 50.64
71 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 47.72 50.41
72 Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), Germany 48.5 49.95
73 Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology (BIST), Spain 47.33 49.64
74 U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), United States of America (USA) 58.03 49.25
75 National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Japan 53.74 48.93
76 Homi Bhabha National Institute (HBNI), India 44.39 48.51
77 University of Würzburg, Germany 38.2 47.58
78 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 55.84 47.25
79 King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Saudi Arabia 47.94 47.23
80 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 57.12 46.71
81 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), United States of America (USA) 52.42 46.29
82 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 36.44 46.14
83 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 46.5 45.56
84 Atomic Energy and Alternative Energies Commission (CEA), France 59.57 45.46
85 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 57.64 44.8
86 Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST), China 46.81 44.67
87 Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU), South Korea 48.56 44.26
88 University College London (UCL), United Kingdom (UK) 47.68 44.07
89 Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), Japan 39.53 43.8
90 Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), South Korea 52.24 43.32
91 Dresden University of Technology (TU Dresden), Germany 50.25 43.01
92 Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), South Korea 31.47 42.95
93 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 52.76 42.82
94 Institute for Basic Science (IBS), South Korea 42.86 42.78
95 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 44.04 42.3
96 IBM Corporation, United States of America (USA) 33.54 41.71
97 Tel Aviv University (TAU), Israel 37.19 41.69
98 North Carolina State University (NCSU), United States of America (USA) 31.4 41.56
99 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 43.5 40.6
100 Lund University (LU), Sweden 33.64 39.7

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. It is important for users to understand that the data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, that they cover the natural sciences only and that outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output). We encourage users to combine the free-to-access Nature Index data with information from other sources.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted FC accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. FC values have been adjusted to 2018 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.