2018 tables: Institutions - physical sciences

Table criteria

The 2018 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2017 to 31 December 2017.

2017 Institution FC 2016 FC 2017
1 Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), China 512.13 511.31
2 Max Planck Society, Germany 311.18 302.34
3 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 301.33 271.62
4 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 168.61 216.26
5 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 235.83 213.83
6 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 223.65 210.12
7 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 184.82 187.78
8 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 191.15 182.43
9 Tsinghua University (TH), China 136.49 145.12
10 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 162.21 143.65
11 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 124.59 141.73
12 Peking University (PKU), China 142.08 140.78
13 University of California Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 124.79 132.46
14 University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), China 108.33 121.64
15 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 126.52 115.78
16 National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN), Italy 119.11 114.85
17 Nanjing University (NJU), China 121.33 114.53
18 Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore 97.14 114.06
19 University of California Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 92.58 111.43
20 University of California Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA) 98.55 107.69
21 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 109.09 104.33
22 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 90.63 102.96
23 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 103.51 102.16
24 National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore 96.97 100.1
25 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), United States of America (USA) 90.97 95.45
26 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 100.45 90.34
27 Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Russia 90.93 89.09
28 Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), South Korea 90.6 88.25
29 Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA) 95.17 86.47
30 Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain 79.73 85.64
31 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 98.36 83.54
32 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 91.57 79.32
33 Zhejiang University (ZJU), China 64.68 79.23
34 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 71.04 78.77
35 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 80.24 77.68
36 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 84.5 76.63
37 Soochow University, China 73.43 75.65
38 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 79.6 74.58
39 Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), United States of America (USA) 68.01 74.28
40 Kyoto University, Japan 70.38 74.11
41 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS), China 39.08 73.56
42 Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), India 48.42 72.33
43 Seoul National University (SNU), South Korea 71.24 71.95
44 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 66.9 71.9
45 Institute of Physics (IOP), CAS, China 75.79 70.41
46 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 54.63 68.67
47 Leibniz Association, Germany 74.72 65.12
48 National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), United States of America (USA) 75.73 65.08
49 University of Pennsylvania (Penn), United States of America (USA) 65.39 64.48
50 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 69.59 64.13
51 Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), United States of America (USA) 65.08 62.38
52 Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), United States of America (USA) 69.09 62.04
53 RIKEN, Japan 58.57 61.46
54 Fudan University, China 71.81 60.67
55 Tohoku University, Japan 77.84 59.01
56 Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), United States of America (USA) 55.97 58.8
57 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 70.94 58.8
58 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Germany 65.21 58.39
59 Rice University, United States of America (USA) 60.02 57.55
60 Purdue University, United States of America (USA) 59.69 57.5
61 National Research Council (CNR), Italy 60.05 57.02
62 Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU), China 48.81 55.8
63 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 67.22 55.74
64 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 56.7 55.04
65 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 60.06 54.76
66 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 63.77 54.2
67 European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Switzerland 52.61 54.03
68 Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST), China 35.86 52.78
69 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 69.16 51.82
70 Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU), China 48.24 51.19
71 National Center for Nanoscience and Technology (NCNST), CAS, China 45.29 50.81
72 Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics (PI), Canada 34.2 50.72
73 Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), Germany 48.5 50.08
74 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 47.61 49.73
75 Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology (BIST), Spain 47.33 49.4
76 U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), United States of America (USA) 58.91 48.93
77 National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Japan 53.74 48.9
78 University of Würzburg, Germany 37.86 47.58
79 King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Saudi Arabia 47.94 47.28
80 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 55.76 46.9
81 German Electron Synchrotron (DESY), Germany 43.79 46.88
82 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 35.57 46.46
83 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 56.79 45.71
84 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), United States of America (USA) 52.09 45.63
85 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 46.23 45.34
86 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 58.01 44.8
87 Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST), China 46.81 44.66
88 Atomic Energy and Alternative Energies Commission (CEA), France 59 44.58
89 Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU), South Korea 49.39 44.02
90 Pierre and Marie Curie University (UPMC) - Paris 6, France 48.24 44
91 University College London (UCL), United Kingdom (UK) 47.47 43.83
92 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 52.76 43.38
93 Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), Japan 39.04 42.97
94 Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), South Korea 31.47 42.95
95 Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), South Korea 53.34 42.65
96 Dresden University of Technology (TU Dresden), Germany 50.27 42.56
97 Institute for Basic Science (IBS), South Korea 42.81 42.45
98 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 44.04 42.3
99 North Carolina State University (NCSU), United States of America (USA) 31.4 41.56
100 IBM Corporation, United States of America (USA) 33.54 41.32

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. It is important for users to understand that the data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, that they cover the natural sciences only and that outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output). We encourage users to combine the free-to-access Nature Index data with information from other sources.

The tables were last updated on 7 June 2018 with the most recent institution and article corrections.

*The change in adjusted FC accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. FC values have been adjusted to 2017 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.

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