2018 tables: Institutions - Earth & environmental sciences

Table criteria

The 2018 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2017 to 31 December 2017.

2017 Institution FC 2016 FC 2017
1 Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), China 200.67 199.55
2 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 147.56 120.76
3 National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), United States of America (USA) 117.46 100.59
4 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 108.97 94.43
5 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 83.06 77.7
6 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 84.29 77.41
7 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), United States of America (USA) 77.36 72.97
8 U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), United States of America (USA) 68.74 65.77
9 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 65.6 64.18
10 Nanjing University (NJU), China 51.14 58.6
11 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 59.75 56.17
12 University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 51.04 53.51
13 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 70.47 51.91
14 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 57.59 49.7
15 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 52.16 47.6
16 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 59.58 44.3
17 National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), United States of America (USA) 46.15 43.77
18 Peking University (PKU), China 53.48 43.63
19 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 54.87 43.5
20 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 55.72 43.11
21 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 48.47 42.89
22 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 30.43 40.97
23 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 50.11 39.96
24 China University of Geosciences (CUG), China 37.29 39.04
25 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 41.56 38.3
26 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 35.52 37.73
27 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 33.63 37.68
28 Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), United States of America (USA) 28.85 36.96
29 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS), China 21.83 36.84
30 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 46.05 34.97
31 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 38.55 34.22
32 Tsinghua University, China 32.68 33.96
33 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 31.93 33.49
34 Colorado State University, United States of America (USA) 27.64 32.43
35 University of California, Irvine (UCI), United States of America (USA) 28.48 32.21
36 University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), China 31.78 31.7
37 University of New South Wales (UNSW), Australia 40.05 31.59
38 Arizona State University (ASU), United States of America (USA) 27.06 30.76
39 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 24.52 30.69
40 The University of Arizona (Arizona), United States of America (USA) 31.49 29.86
41 Tongji University, China 30.84 29.71
42 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 44 29.58
43 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 24.86 29.49
44 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 28.75 29
45 National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV), Italy 32.97 28.92
46 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), United States of America (USA) 19.35 28.01
47 Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Denmark 23.13 27.79
48 Australian National University (ANU), Australia 31.3 27.49
49 Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), United States of America (USA) 32.95 27.34
50 Texas A&M University (TAMU), United States of America (USA) 21.09 26.67
51 University of Alberta (U of A), Canada 28.95 26.66
52 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), United States of America (USA) 29.27 25.96
53 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 32.2 25.88
54 Max Planck Society, Germany 37.53 25.68
55 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 34.22 24.7
56 Beijing Normal University (BNU), China 27.17 24.68
57 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech), United States of America (USA) 16.13 24.58
58 University of Hawai'i at Manoa (UH Mānoa), United States of America (USA) 35.36 24.52
59 Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore 25.82 24.35
60 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 31.3 24.34
61 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 34.3 24.02
62 University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA) 20.84 23.67
63 University of California, Davis (UC Davis), United States of America (USA) 22.95 23.59
64 The University of Queensland (UQ), Australia 27.35 23.17
65 The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Australia 27.87 22.99
66 University of Florida (UF), United States of America (USA) 25 22.97
67 Hokkaido University, Japan 15.76 22.95
68 Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT), China 16.84 22.94
69 China Meteorological Administration (CMA), China 19.23 22.87
70 Oregon State University, United States of America (USA) 22.52 22.63
71 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), United States of America (USA) 26.14 22.43
72 Zhejiang University (ZJU), China 22.37 22.17
73 Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC), Canada 20.82 21.99
74 Rice University, United States of America (USA) 13.67 21.94
75 Purdue University, United States of America (USA) 15.2 21.73
76 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 16.53 21.72
77 Institute of Research for Development (IRD), France 23.22 21.4
78 University of California, Riverside (UCR), United States of America (USA) 21.81 21.29
79 Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (EAWAG), Switzerland 27.51 21.25
80 University of Oslo (UiO), Norway 20.82 21.19
81 Carnegie Institution for Science (CIS), United States of America (USA) 20.12 20.65
82 Wageningen University & Research (WUR), Netherlands 13.93 19.98
83 Duke University, United States of America (USA) 26.02 19.97
84 Tohoku University, Japan 23.03 19.19
85 Brown University, United States of America (USA) 23.65 19.17
86 Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL), United States of America (USA) 20.94 19.17
87 Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain 26.36 19.11
88 Leibniz Association, Germany 27.43 18.48
89 McGill University, Canada 28.04 18.47
90 University of Bremen (Uni Bremen), Germany 15.66 18.41
91 Fudan University, China 13.32 18.37
92 The University of Utah (Utah), United States of America (USA) 16.26 18.34
93 The University of Iowa (UI), United States of America (USA) 15.41 18.16
94 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 23.66 18.12
95 Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 28.08 17.93
96 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 16.89 17.87
97 Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC), Japan 26.38 17.47
98 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 16.26 17.44
99 Paris Diderot University (Paris 7), France 16.15 17.18
100 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 14.15 17.08

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. It is important for users to understand that the data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, that they cover the natural sciences only and that outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output). We encourage users to combine the free-to-access Nature Index data with information from other sources.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted FC accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. FC values have been adjusted to 2018 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.