2018 tables: Institutions - Earth & environmental sciences

Table criteria

The 2018 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2017 to 31 December 2017.

2017 Institution FC 2016 FC 2017
1 Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), China 199.43 188.93
2 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 147.56 113.07
3 National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), United States of America (USA) 117.7 95.99
4 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 109.45 86.03
5 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 84.54 73.74
6 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 83.25 71.05
7 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), United States of America (USA) 77.36 70.07
8 U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), United States of America (USA) 68.74 62.92
9 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 66.26 60.36
10 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 59.83 52.41
11 Nanjing University (NJU), China 50.4 51.12
12 University of California Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 51.03 50.36
13 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 70.45 49.61
14 NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC), United States of America (USA) 57.76 46.43
15 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 57.54 44.98
16 National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), United States of America (USA) 47.04 44.2
17 University of California Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 52.15 44
18 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 59.58 42.25
19 NOAA Oceanic and Atmospheric Research (OAR), United States of America (USA) 41.39 41.95
20 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 48.95 41.44
21 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 55.72 41.14
22 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 54.87 39.47
23 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 30.41 38.54
24 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 50.19 38.26
25 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 41.89 38.05
26 Peking University (PKU), China 51.27 37.6
27 Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences (RCEES), CAS, China 37.72 37.11
28 China University of Geosciences (CUG), China 37.18 36.26
29 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 34.29 35.65
30 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS), China 21.83 35.51
31 Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), United States of America (USA) 28.84 34.78
32 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 35.62 34.78
33 Tsinghua University (TH), China 40.82 33.6
34 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 46.04 32.75
35 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 38.54 31.62
36 University of California Irvine (UCI), United States of America (USA) 29.47 31.56
37 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 31.93 31.29
38 Colorado State University, United States of America (USA) 27.64 30.31
39 The University of Arizona (Arizona), United States of America (USA) 31.49 29.54
40 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 24.97 28.56
41 University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), China 31.85 28.27
42 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 25.02 27.9
43 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 44.69 27.75
44 University of New South Wales (UNSW), Australia 39.25 27.75
45 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), United States of America (USA) 19.84 27.62
46 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 28.75 27.08
47 Max Planck Society, Germany 37.53 26.44
48 National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV), Italy 32.97 26.1
49 Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), United States of America (USA) 32.95 25.45
50 Tongji University, China 30.84 25.33
51 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 34.57 25.07
52 University of Alberta (U of A), Canada 29.39 24.78
53 Australian National University (ANU), Australia 31.64 24.76
54 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), United States of America (USA) 29.42 24.59
55 Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore 25.87 24.46
56 Helmholtz Centre Potsdam - German Research Centre for Geosciences (GFZ), Germany 29.49 24.43
57 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 32.32 24.35
58 Texas A&M University (TAMU), United States of America (USA) 21.08 24.25
59 Arizona State University (ASU), United States of America (USA) 27.37 24.21
60 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 31.42 23.52
61 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech), United States of America (USA) 17.13 23.36
62 Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel (GEOMAR), Germany 29.05 23.33
63 Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Denmark 22.87 23.19
64 University of Florida (UF), United States of America (USA) 25 22.97
65 University of Hawai'i at Manoa (UH Mānoa), United States of America (USA) 35.36 22.85
66 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 34.29 22.57
67 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), United States of America (USA) 26.14 22.47
68 Oregon State University (OSU), United States of America (USA) 22.51 22.29
69 University of California Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA) 20.84 22.12
70 University of California Davis (UC Davis), United States of America (USA) 22.94 22.07
71 The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Australia 27.88 22.06
72 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 16.52 21.7
73 Beijing Normal University (BNU), China 24.45 21.66
74 Carnegie Institution for Science (CIS), United States of America (USA) 20.12 21.59
75 China Meteorological Administration (CMA), China 18.39 21.22
76 Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL), United States of America (USA) 20.94 20.96
77 University of Oslo (UiO), Norway 20.82 20.81
78 Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC), Canada 20.82 20.61
79 Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (EAWAG), Switzerland 27.51 20.54
80 Institute of Research for Development (IRD), France 23.3 20.36
81 Purdue University, United States of America (USA) 15.23 19.96
82 Zhejiang University (ZJU), China 21.62 19.86
83 Duke University, United States of America (USA) 25.75 19.59
84 University of California Riverside (UCR), United States of America (USA) 21.81 19.42
85 Rice University, United States of America (USA) 13.66 19.31
86 The University of Queensland (UQ), Australia 27.36 19.06
87 Wageningen UR (University & Research Centre), Netherlands 13.93 18.82
88 Fudan University, China 13.4 18.4
89 Tohoku University, Japan 23.03 18.16
90 Hokkaido University, Japan 15.76 18.14
91 Leibniz Association, Germany 27 18.02
92 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 23.66 17.93
93 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 16.88 17.88
94 The University of Iowa (UI), United States of America (USA) 15.4 17.88
95 Brown University, United States of America (USA) 23.64 17.61
96 Institute of Geology and Geophysics (IGG), CAS, China 13.79 17.5
97 McGill University, Canada 28.03 17.46
98 Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain 26.36 17.28
99 Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 28.51 16.95
100 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), United States of America (USA) 15.49 16.9

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. It is important for users to understand that the data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, that they cover the natural sciences only and that outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output). We encourage users to combine the free-to-access Nature Index data with information from other sources.

The tables were last updated on 7 June 2018 with the most recent institution and article corrections.

*The change in adjusted FC accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. FC values have been adjusted to 2017 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.

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