2018 tables: Institutions

The 2018 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2017 to 31 December 2017.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2016 Share 2017 Count 2017 Change in Adjusted Share 2016-2017*
1 Max Planck Society, Germany 766.40 747.77 2,358 -3.8%
2 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 770.09 730.48 4,200 -6.5%
3 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 528.91 514.09 2,089 -4.2%
4 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 438.52 420.80 1,268 -5.4%
5 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 466.85 408.03 1,216 -13.9%
6 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 355.01 385.07 959 6.9%
7 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 216.15 209.48 841 -4.5%
8 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 234.26 208.06 577 -12.5%
9 Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain 211.55 200.90 1,116 -6.4%
10 UCL, United Kingdom (UK) 203.08 190.16 748 -7.7%
11 Leibniz Association, Germany 208.50 187.66 709 -11.3%
12 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 181.49 181.21 622 -1.6%
13 Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Russia 172.05 176.81 821 1.3%
14 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 156.60 164.94 551 3.8%
15 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 136.19 156.18 629 13.0%
16 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 119.03 154.01 483 27.5%
17 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 151.21 140.82 560 -8.2%
18 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 145.31 132.36 478 -10.2%
19 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 121.72 131.25 630 6.3%
20 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 144.15 129.89 595 -11.2%
21 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 126.49 127.60 550 -0.6%
22 Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium 115.13 120.31 335 3.0%
23 National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN), Italy 120.30 119.02 661 -2.5%
24 University of Würzburg (JMU), Germany 100.59 118.88 316 16.5%
25 National Research Council (CNR), Italy 126.30 114.37 533 -10.7%
26 University of Münster (WWU), Germany 102.36 112.55 275 8.4%
27 University of Groningen (RUG), Netherlands 104.36 112.12 372 5.9%
28 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 116.98 111.41 396 -6.1%
29 University of Basel (UB), Switzerland 102.61 108.56 319 4.3%
30 Sorbonne University, France 105.52 108.55 1,080 1.4%
31 Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology (BIST), Spain 119.22 107.99 384 -10.7%
32 University of Göttingen, Germany 97.99 105.17 321 5.8%
33 The French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), France 114.46 98.05 906 -15.6%
34 Uppsala University (UU), Sweden 94.95 97.53 439 1.2%
35 University of Freiburg (Uni Freiburg), Germany 74.76 95.47 320 25.9%
36 Free University of Berlin (FU Berlin), Germany 86.95 93.85 473 6.4%
37 RWTH Aachen University (RWTH Aachen), Germany 91.71 93.58 409 0.6%
38 Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), Germany 94.15 93.56 366 -2.0%
39 National Institute for Health and Medical Research (INSERM), France 90.82 91.39 912 -0.8%
40 Dresden University of Technology (TU Dresden), Germany 84.81 90.97 407 5.7%
41 Czech Academy of Sciences (CAS), Czech Republic 74.51 88.90 382 17.6%
42 University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU), Germany 82.74 88.20 257 5.1%
43 Leiden University, Netherlands 81.25 85.96 335 4.3%
44 Lund University (LU), Sweden 95.93 83.96 324 -13.7%
45 Stockholm University, Sweden 77.43 82.16 502 4.6%
46 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 92.63 81.78 227 -13.0%
47 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 73.98 81.75 361 8.9%
48 Aarhus University (AU), Denmark 95.10 80.98 255 -16.1%
49 University of Bonn (Uni Bonn), Germany 88.73 80.46 339 -10.6%
50 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 76.15 80.21 394 3.8%
51 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 90.76 78.90 340 -14.3%
52 University of Amsterdam (UvA), Netherlands 77.27 78.24 536 -0.2%
53 Radboud University Nijmegen (RU), Netherlands 95.43 77.50 477 -20.0%
54 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 71.45 77.05 418 6.3%
55 The University of Warwick (Warwick), United Kingdom (UK) 81.09 76.64 323 -6.8%
56 Karolinska Institute (KI), Sweden 73.86 76.44 361 2.0%
57 University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen), Germany 71.47 75.92 282 4.7%
58 Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Denmark 77.80 74.70 233 -5.4%
59 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 88.33 74.18 207 -17.2%
60 University of Paris, France 67.55 73.49 780 7.2%
61 University of Paris-Sud (UPSud), France 71.87 71.69 749 -1.7%
62 University of Barcelona (UB), Spain 71.72 71.19 347 -2.2%
63 Humboldt University of Berlin (HU Berlin), Germany 71.35 69.50 480 -4.0%
64 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 73.34 68.04 235 -8.6%
65 Goethe University Frankfurt (GU), Germany 68.12 67.98 217 -1.6%
66 University of Oslo (UiO), Norway 60.56 67.96 347 10.6%
67 Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin), Germany 63.33 67.17 160 4.5%
68 University of Vienna, Austria 61.46 67.04 222 7.5%
69 Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e), Netherlands 67.20 66.96 136 -1.8%
70 The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom (UK) 68.35 66.08 282 -4.7%
71 Ghent University (UGent), Belgium 68.87 64.51 290 -7.7%
72 University of Bern (UniBE), Switzerland 66.98 64.11 315 -5.7%
73 Medical Research Council (MRC), United Kingdom (UK) 55.07 63.01 218 12.8%
74 University of Regensburg (UR), Germany 75.58 62.91 152 -18.0%
75 The Francis Crick Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 44.79 62.19 150 36.9%
76 University of Helsinki, Finland 51.70 60.82 338 16.0%
77 The University of Nottingham (UoN), United Kingdom (UK) 66.84 60.74 177 -10.4%
78 Grenoble Alpes University (UGA), France 57.95 58.71 594 -0.1%
79 University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 54.34 58.15 211 5.5%
80 University of Strasbourg, France 64.72 57.49 432 -12.4%
81 Polish Academy of Sciences (PAS), Poland 49.00 56.26 353 13.2%
82 Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM), Spain 76.44 56.14 354 -27.6%
83 Ruhr University Bochum (RUB), Germany 55.38 56.11 187 -0.1%
84 European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Switzerland 53.80 55.89 399 2.4%
85 University of Lausanne (UNIL), Switzerland 50.47 55.34 199 8.1%
86 KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden 50.77 54.97 444 6.7%
87 F. Hoffmann-La Roche AG, Switzerland 43.91 54.75 116 22.9%
88 University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Spain 56.09 54.73 216 -3.8%
89 University of Cologne (UoC), Germany 69.62 54.57 208 -22.7%
90 Vienna University of Technology (TU Wien), Austria 48.87 54.04 197 9.0%
91 University of Birmingham (UB), United Kingdom (UK) 49.62 53.88 317 7.0%
92 University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 69.22 53.66 336 -23.6%
93 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 43.64 52.94 197 19.6%
94 Wageningen University & Research (WUR), Netherlands 32.89 51.88 165 55.5%
95 Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI), Switzerland 50.04 51.70 254 1.8%
96 University of Toulouse, France 50.72 50.42 392 -2.0%
97 Leipzig University, Germany 47.34 49.93 151 4.0%
98 Scientific Institute for Research, Hospitalization and Healthcare (IRCCS), Italy 41.41 49.65 225 18.2%
99 Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU), Russia 42.63 48.19 384 11.4%
100 The University of Dublin, Ireland 47.66 47.78 149 -1.2%
101 Aix-Marseille University (AMU), France 46.98 47.66 455 0.0%
102 Philipps University of Marburg (Uni Marburg), Germany 45.41 46.06 130 0.0%
103 University of Lyon, France 48.68 45.77 450 -7.3%
104 European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Germany 45.66 45.05 240 -2.7%
105 University of Valencia (UV), Spain 49.71 44.92 286 -10.9%
106 Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), United Kingdom (UK) 44.58 44.42 250 -1.8%
107 University of Bayreuth (UBT), Germany 54.99 43.81 101 -21.5%
108 University of Duisburg-Essen (UDE), Germany 35.15 43.02 133 20.6%
109 University of York, United Kingdom (UK) 44.13 42.70 137 -4.6%
110 University of Montpellier, France 43.08 42.54 347 -2.7%
111 TU Dortmund University, Germany 29.45 41.96 216 40.4%
112 Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Belgium 45.53 41.70 212 -9.7%
113 Novartis International AG, Switzerland 41.29 41.58 130 -0.7%
114 VU Amsterdam, Netherlands 56.24 41.57 376 -27.1%
115 Cardiff University, United Kingdom (UK) 48.44 41.27 169 -16.0%
116 University of Konstanz, Germany 49.45 41.20 89 -17.9%
117 Aalto University, Finland 45.73 41.05 213 -11.5%
118 University of Padova (UNIPD), Italy 38.42 40.87 304 4.8%
119 University of Stuttgart, Germany 47.00 40.76 120 -14.5%
120 Sapienza University of Rome, Italy 37.41 40.21 390 6.0%
121 Newcastle University, United Kingdom (UK) 39.64 39.34 173 -2.2%
122 Complutense University of Madrid (UCM), Spain 39.11 38.63 160 -2.7%
123 Friedrich Schiller University Jena (FSU), Germany 43.21 38.47 158 -12.2%
124 Pasteur Institute, France 39.22 38.34 220 -3.6%
125 Chalmers University of Technology (Chalmers), Sweden 40.15 38.33 116 -5.9%
126 Austrian Academy of Sciences (ÖAW), Austria 32.37 38.23 258 16.4%
127 University of Bordeaux, France 32.37 38.11 249 16.1%
128 Linköping University (LiU), Sweden 30.10 37.72 105 23.5%
129 Italian Institute of Technology (IIT), Italy 35.75 37.00 130 2.0%
130 National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and Environment (INRAE), France 42.26 36.55 356 -14.8%
131 University of Sussex, United Kingdom (UK) 30.58 36.17 168 16.6%
132 University of Strathclyde, United Kingdom (UK) 27.44 35.50 111 27.5%
133 University of Milan (UNIMI), Italy 24.46 35.23 281 42.0%
134 National Institute for Astrophysics (INAF), Italy 37.99 34.86 164 -9.6%
135 Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB), Spain 23.93 34.78 226 43.3%
136 University of Warsaw (UW), Poland 33.61 34.58 192 1.4%
137 Hungarian Academy of Sciences (HAS), Hungary 38.93 34.48 270 -12.7%
138 University of Lisbon (ULISBOA), Portugal 39.59 34.35 202 -14.5%
139 University of East Anglia (UEA), United Kingdom (UK) 18.20 33.96 109 83.9%
140 Ulm University, Germany 37.68 33.59 135 -12.1%
141 University of Innsbruck (LFU), Austria 37.62 33.29 169 -12.8%
142 Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), United Kingdom (UK) 30.56 33.28 466 7.3%
143 University of Florence (UNIFI), Italy 27.12 33.25 214 20.8%
144 University of Bremen (Uni Bremen), Germany 26.67 32.90 107 21.6%
145 University of Bath, United Kingdom (UK) 35.94 32.82 103 -10.0%
146 Wellcome Sanger Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 25.89 32.31 167 23.0%
147 University of Santiago de Compostela (USC), Spain 33.43 32.19 159 -5.1%
148 University of Gothenburg (GU), Sweden 34.17 31.81 124 -8.2%
149 Jagiellonian University (UJ), Poland 25.76 31.44 160 20.3%
150 NWO-I, the Institutes Organisation of NWO, Netherlands 35.02 31.37 334 -11.7%
151 University of Kiel (CAU), Germany 39.91 30.70 126 -24.2%
152 Leibniz University Hannover (LUH), Germany 27.32 30.54 106 10.2%
153 Technical University of Darmstadt (TU Darmstadt), Germany 40.16 30.45 115 -25.3%
154 Institute of Research for Development (IRD), France 32.68 30.39 510 -8.3%
155 Charles University (CU), Czech Republic 28.81 30.19 286 3.3%
156 National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV), Italy 33.11 30.02 65 -10.6%
157 AstraZeneca plc, United Kingdom (UK) 31.19 29.83 128 -5.7%
158 National Institute of Applied Sciences (INSA), France 30.49 29.36 309 -5.1%
159 Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU), Germany 24.63 29.21 108 16.9%
160 Umeå University (UMU), Sweden 25.52 29.12 118 12.5%
161 Technical University Braunschweig (TU Braunschweig), Germany 25.55 28.64 76 10.5%
162 University of Bologna (UNIBO), Italy 32.21 28.31 323 -13.4%
163 Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati (SISSA), Italy 23.58 27.08 99 13.2%
164 University of Liège (ULg), Belgium 27.20 26.70 105 -3.3%
165 University of Dundee, United Kingdom (UK) 31.38 26.24 99 -17.6%
166 École Normale Supérieure (ENS Paris), France 24.01 26.23 317 7.7%
167 University of Antwerp (UA), Belgium 28.48 26.22 179 -9.2%
168 Lancaster University, United Kingdom (UK) 21.77 26.21 171 18.7%
169 Catholic University of Louvain (UCLouvain), Belgium 36.33 25.97 155 -29.5%
170 University of Milano-Bicocca (UNIMIB), Italy 24.08 25.73 222 5.4%
171 Queen's University Belfast (QUB), United Kingdom (UK) 25.70 25.35 85 -2.8%
172 University of Turin (UNITO), Italy 27.08 25.31 246 -7.9%
173 University of Twente (UTwente), Netherlands 31.17 24.91 64 -21.2%
174 Institute of Science and Technology Austria (IST Austria), Austria 16.43 24.87 54 49.2%
175 Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway 23.95 24.51 87 0.9%
176 Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf (HHU), Germany 32.84 24.49 96 -26.5%
177 Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (EAWAG), Switzerland 32.29 24.41 82 -25.5%
178 University of Bergen (UIB), Norway 18.21 24.05 210 30.2%
179 University of Fribourg (UNIFR), Switzerland 18.01 23.96 97 31.2%
180 Giessen University (JLU), Germany 20.17 23.72 152 15.9%
181 European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF), France 23.57 23.27 138 -2.7%
182 Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR), Netherlands 23.98 23.04 157 -5.3%
183 Flanders Institute for Biotechnology (VIB), Belgium 36.02 22.91 125 -37.3%
184 Graz University of Technology (TU Graz), Austria 18.36 22.87 66 22.8%
185 University of Naples Federico II (UNINA), Italy 25.51 22.72 276 -12.2%
186 University of Oviedo (UniOvi), Spain 27.40 22.63 142 -18.6%
187 University of Granada (UGR), Spain 24.52 22.38 141 -10.0%
188 Masaryk University (MU), Czech Republic 17.82 22.15 86 22.5%
189 Institute of Health Carlos III (ISCIII), Spain 16.93 22.01 178 28.1%
190 Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology (EMPA), Switzerland 21.33 22.01 74 1.7%
191 Vienna Biocenter (VBC), Austria 28.96 21.98 80 -25.2%
192 University of Potsdam, Germany 34.96 21.94 107 -38.1%
193 University of Southern Denmark (SDU), Denmark 20.40 21.86 103 5.6%
194 Swansea University, United Kingdom (UK) 19.68 21.20 66 6.2%
195 University College Dublin (UCD), Ireland 21.85 20.77 207 -6.3%
196 University of Reading, United Kingdom (UK) 23.86 20.45 84 -15.5%
197 National Research Center Kurchatov Institute (NRCKI), Russia 22.84 20.31 298 -12.4%
198 University of Graz (Uni Graz), Austria 14.73 20.26 56 35.6%
199 University of Aveiro (UA), Portugal 12.55 19.99 65 57.0%
200 Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Sweden 14.79 19.94 85 32.8%
201 Catalan Institution for Research and Advanced Studies (ICREA), Spain 25.09 19.80 282 -22.2%
202 University of Siegen, Germany 21.05 19.72 105 -7.6%
203 University of Jyväskylä, Finland 19.03 19.65 162 1.8%
204 Polytechnic University of Milan, Italy 21.10 19.58 83 -8.5%
205 Netherlands Cancer Institute (NKI), Netherlands 23.00 19.45 82 -16.7%
206 University of Trento (UNITN), Italy 10.24 19.20 177 84.9%
207 John Innes Centre (JIC), United Kingdom (UK) 22.44 19.07 55 -16.3%
208 Bielefeld University, Germany 20.00 18.90 49 -6.9%
209 University of Leicester, United Kingdom (UK) 24.40 18.84 104 -23.9%
210 Grenoble Institute of Technology (Grenoble INP), France 18.56 18.74 314 -0.5%
211 Saint Petersburg State University (SPbU), Russia 20.92 17.86 104 -15.9%
212 Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP), France 15.02 17.63 194 15.7%
213 University of Porto (UP), Portugal 16.11 17.57 141 7.5%
214 Hannover Medical School (MHH), Germany 16.60 17.55 82 4.2%
215 NERC British Antarctic Survey (BAS), United Kingdom (UK) 14.47 17.50 47 19.3%
216 Saarland University (Saar-Uni), Germany 26.71 17.39 58 -35.8%
217 Medical University of Vienna (MUW), Austria 15.70 17.33 104 8.8%
218 University of Rennes 1, France 13.82 17.22 144 22.7%
219 University of Tromsø - The Arctic University of Norway (UiT), Norway 10.97 16.99 77 52.7%
220 Johannes Kepler University of Linz (JKU), Austria 11.90 16.92 41 40.1%
221 University of Aberdeen, United Kingdom (UK) 15.99 16.38 82 1.0%
222 École Normale Supérieure de Lyon (ENS de Lyon), France 15.89 16.34 173 1.4%
223 Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR), Russia 10.61 16.24 224 50.8%
224 GlaxoSmithKline plc. (GSK), United Kingdom (UK) 15.72 16.17 66 1.3%
225 Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (KNAW), Netherlands 20.80 16.13 110 -23.6%
226 Heriot-Watt University, United Kingdom (UK) 22.15 16.05 60 -28.6%
227 University of Zaragoza (Unizar), Spain 22.35 15.96 92 -29.6%
228 University of Tartu (UT), Estonia 12.43 15.86 61 25.8%
229 CIC nanoGUNE Consolider, Spain 11.92 15.63 41 29.2%
230 University of Wrocław (UWr), Poland 22.03 15.56 50 -30.4%
231 University of Surrey, United Kingdom (UK) 11.52 15.46 55 32.2%
232 Free University of Brussels (VUB), Belgium 14.90 15.25 153 0.9%
233 University of Ljubljana, Slovenia 12.08 15.15 118 23.6%
234 Pompeu Fabra University (UPF), Spain 18.81 15.14 95 -20.7%
235 Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań (AMU), Poland 6.53 14.94 53 125.7%
236 ITMO National Research University (ITMO University), Russia 13.95 14.93 66 5.5%
237 Rudjer Boskovic Institute (RBI), Croatia 8.89 14.74 130 63.5%
238 Collège de France, France 10.54 14.61 163 36.6%
239 Loughborough University, United Kingdom (UK) 7.93 14.60 48 81.5%
240 Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP), Italy 18.98 14.55 138 -24.4%
241 University of Oldenburg, Germany 14.35 14.50 38 -0.4%
242 University of Lorraine (UL), France 16.73 14.45 95 -14.9%
243 The Institute of Cancer Research (ICR), United Kingdom (UK) 15.46 14.38 55 -8.3%
244 University of Girona (UdG), Spain 12.61 14.31 41 11.9%
245 Curie Institute, France 13.46 14.05 117 2.8%
246 École Polytechnique, France 15.27 14.03 251 -9.4%
247 Jozef Stefan Institute (IJS), Slovenia 11.52 14.02 128 20.0%
248 Fraunhofer Society, Germany 21.93 13.95 94 -37.3%
249 University of Iceland, Iceland 13.12 13.79 93 3.6%
250 University of Pavia (UNIPV), Italy 10.98 13.74 224 23.3%
251 University of Perugia, Italy 12.39 13.57 166 7.9%
252 Palacky University (PU), Czech Republic 10.69 13.54 109 24.9%
253 University of Lille Nord de France, France 19.28 13.48 129 -31.1%
254 University of Kaiserslautern (TU Kaiserslautern), Germany 14.54 13.39 41 -9.2%
255 University of Rome Tor Vergata, Italy 16.10 13.05 161 -20.1%
256 University of Turku (UTU), Finland 17.53 13.04 62 -26.7%
257 University of Salerno (UNISA), Italy 6.05 12.96 74 111.0%
258 University of London - Royal Holloway (RHUL), United Kingdom (UK) 11.21 12.94 123 13.8%
259 University of Rostock, Germany 16.82 12.91 89 -24.4%
260 Institut Polytechnique de Bordeaux (Bordeaux INP), France 11.58 12.71 86 8.2%
261 University of Eastern Finland (UEF), Finland 7.34 12.64 65 69.7%
262 University College Cork (UCC), Ireland 16.07 12.62 61 -22.6%
263 National and Kapodistrian University of Athens (UOA), Greece 8.98 12.48 201 36.9%
264 IMDEA Institutes, Spain 17.58 12.44 56 -30.3%
265 University of Pisa (UNIPI), Italy 24.75 12.34 255 -50.9%
266 ESPCI ParisTech, France 12.28 12.28 101 -1.4%
267 University of Wuppertal, Germany 10.61 12.18 96 13.2%
268 Polytechnic University of Catalonia (UPC), Spain 11.35 12.05 81 4.6%
269 Interuniversity Microelectronics Centre (IMEC), Belgium 19.33 11.99 47 -38.8%
270 National Museum of Natural History (MNHN), France 10.10 11.96 146 16.8%
271 Rovira i Virgili University (URV), Spain 18.83 11.76 39 -38.4%
272 University of Savoy (USMB), France 9.21 11.74 254 25.6%
273 NERC National Oceanography Centre (NOC), United Kingdom (UK) 12.33 11.53 58 -7.8%
274 University of Plymouth, United Kingdom (UK) 8.24 11.49 34 37.5%
275 Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg (OVGU), Germany 8.84 11.46 49 27.8%
276 Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology - State University (MIPT), Russia 13.85 11.39 171 -18.9%
277 Tampere University, Finland 13.70 11.34 155 -18.4%
278 University of Genova, Italy 11.77 11.29 241 -5.5%
279 Spanish National Cancer Research Centre (CNIO), Spain 14.25 11.28 33 -22.0%
280 University of Trieste (UNITS), Italy 11.05 11.24 160 0.2%
281 Cancer Research UK (CRUK), United Kingdom (UK) 9.98 11.23 114 10.9%
282 Maastricht University (UM), Netherlands 9.31 11.19 55 18.5%
283 Foundation for Research and Technology - Hellas (FORTH), Greece 10.53 11.05 55 3.5%
284 Jaume I University (UJI), Spain 15.86 11.00 41 -31.6%
285 University of Seville (US), Spain 15.87 10.89 77 -32.4%
286 The National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (NASU), Ukraine 11.57 10.87 191 -7.4%
287 Novosibirsk State University (NSU), Russia 11.19 10.80 192 -4.9%
288 University of Crete (UOC), Greece 16.06 10.39 46 -36.2%
289 University of Osnabrück (Uni Osnabrück), Germany 8.81 10.37 31 16.1%
290 Institut Laue Langevin (ILL), France 14.12 10.36 79 -27.7%
291 Scuola Normale Superiore (SNS), Italy 9.99 10.34 172 2.0%
292 Met Office, United Kingdom (UK) 15.46 10.30 33 -34.4%
293 Polytechnic University of Valencia (UPV), Spain 9.11 10.29 53 11.4%
294 European Southern Observatory (ESO), Germany 9.39 10.26 87 7.7%
295 University of Hull, United Kingdom (UK) 9.57 10.17 35 4.8%
296 University Clermont Auvergne, France 11.07 10.15 224 -9.6%
297 Natural History Museum, United Kingdom (UK) 11.51 10.08 56 -13.6%
298 University of Murcia (UMU), Spain 10.87 10.01 31 -9.3%
299 International Solvay Institutes, Belgium 10.25 10.00 41 -3.9%
300 Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics (SIB), Switzerland 7.02 9.94 94 39.5%
301 University of Kent, United Kingdom (UK) 4.82 9.83 37 100.9%
302 University of Limerick (UL), Ireland 7.13 9.80 24 35.6%
303 Spanish National Center for Cardiovascular Research (CNIC), Spain 11.53 9.75 34 -16.7%
304 University of Nantes, France 10.16 9.67 120 -6.2%
305 University of Greifswald, Germany 8.61 9.62 43 10.1%
306 University of Luxembourg, Luxembourg 15.11 9.61 40 -37.3%
307 University of Parma (UNIPR), Italy 11.36 9.48 67 -17.8%
308 University of Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines (UVSQ), France 12.90 9.33 145 -28.7%
309 University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna (BOKU), Austria 5.06 9.30 35 81.1%
310 Norwegian University of Life Sciences (NMBU), Norway 5.01 9.29 43 82.9%
311 Babraham Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 10.87 9.27 38 -16.0%
312 Eötvös Loránd University (ELTE), Hungary 9.33 9.23 122 -2.5%
313 University of Augsburg, Germany 10.56 9.22 35 -13.9%
314 National Physical Laboratory (NPL), United Kingdom (UK) 10.40 9.17 47 -13.0%
315 University of Oulu, Finland 7.79 9.16 50 15.9%
316 National University of Ireland Galway (NUI Galway), Ireland 10.07 9.09 45 -11.0%
317 University of Roma Tre, Italy 8.16 9.09 102 9.7%
318 Wrocław University of Science and Technology (WRUT), Poland 6.31 9.01 28 40.7%
319 Birkbeck, University of London (BBK), United Kingdom (UK) 9.26 8.99 46 -4.4%
320 Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland (RCSI), Ireland 9.56 8.94 49 -7.8%
321 University of Chemistry and Technology, Prague (UCT), Czech Republic 10.31 8.94 22 -14.6%
322 Elettra - Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A., Italy 9.31 8.92 47 -5.5%
323 National Interuniversity Consortium of Materials Science and Technology (INSTM), Italy 5.87 8.89 45 49.2%
324 Gustave Eiffel University, France 7.26 8.87 84 20.5%
325 Jacobs University Bremen, Germany 12.38 8.79 25 -30.1%
326 University of Paderborn (UPB), Germany 8.83 8.43 24 -5.9%
327 National Centre for Scientific Research 'Demokritos' (NCSR), Greece 7.36 8.37 96 12.1%
328 University of Calabria (UNICAL), Italy 12.87 8.32 87 -36.3%
329 Polytechnic University of Turin, Italy 10.90 8.29 49 -25.1%
330 University of Alcalá (UAH), Spain 10.42 8.28 26 -21.7%
331 Università della Svizzera Italiana (USI), Switzerland 3.95 8.25 29 106.0%
332 University of La Laguna (ULL), Spain 18.08 8.20 109 -55.3%
333 Medical University of Innsbruck (MUI), Austria 7.56 8.19 31 6.8%
334 BASF SE, Germany 12.76 8.08 46 -37.5%
335 New University of Lisbon (UNL), Portugal 13.31 8.01 80 -40.7%
336 Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales (CNES), France 7.71 8.01 154 2.3%
337 University of Mons (UMONS), Belgium 9.64 7.87 103 -19.5%
338 Swedish Museum of Natural History, Sweden 8.83 7.84 31 -12.5%
339 University of Coimbra (UC), Portugal 8.96 7.81 109 -14.1%
340 University of Vigo (UVIGO), Spain 7.85 7.80 23 -2.1%
341 Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB), Germany 6.48 7.74 29 17.7%
342 European Commission (EC), Belgium 9.86 7.71 31 -23.0%
343 Vilnius University (VU), Lithuania 5.79 7.57 93 28.8%
344 Champalimaud Foundation, Portugal 7.22 7.50 22 2.4%
345 Italian Foundation for Cancer Research (FIRC), Italy 6.18 7.46 41 19.0%
346 University of Zagreb, Croatia 6.49 7.37 53 11.8%
347 University of Portsmouth, United Kingdom (UK) 8.63 7.31 30 -16.5%
348 University of Bari Aldo Moro (UniBA), Italy 6.86 7.31 169 5.0%
349 University of Salamanca (USAL), Spain 11.74 7.28 33 -38.9%
350 École Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Rennes (ENSCR), France 4.59 7.27 65 56.0%
351 University Institute of France (IUF), France 5.38 7.14 73 30.7%
352 France Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy, France 7.58 7.12 123 -7.4%
353 University of Catania, Italy 7.96 7.11 143 -11.9%
354 Slovak Academy of Sciences (SAS), Slovakia 5.19 7.06 108 34.1%
355 University of Minho (UM), Portugal 10.05 7.01 96 -31.3%
356 University of Belgrade, Serbia 10.24 6.99 167 -32.7%
357 National Institute of Chemistry, Slovenia, Slovenia 4.23 6.96 13 62.1%
358 University of Aalborg (AAU), Denmark 7.26 6.89 53 -6.4%
359 Gulbenkian Science Institute (IGC), Portugal 8.95 6.88 21 -24.2%
360 Aberystwyth University, United Kingdom (UK) 2.58 6.86 29 161.8%
361 University of Cantabria (UC), Spain 4.79 6.84 109 40.7%
362 University of Palermo (UNIPA), Italy 6.90 6.83 34 -2.4%
363 Chemnitz University of Technology (TU Chemnitz), Germany 7.28 6.73 22 -8.9%
364 Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research (WSL), Switzerland 5.70 6.71 34 16.1%
365 Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (AUTH), Greece 5.35 6.70 85 23.4%
366 Technical University of Madrid (UPM), Spain 9.66 6.69 30 -31.8%
367 Chimie ParisTech (ENSCP), France 5.28 6.68 64 24.7%
368 Caen University (UNICAEN), France 4.14 6.67 54 59.0%
369 University of Cagliari (UNICA), Italy 6.59 6.64 72 -0.7%
370 Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST), Luxembourg 4.38 6.63 22 49.2%
371 École Pratique des Hautes Études (EPHE), France 7.78 6.61 104 -16.2%
372 Center for Cooperative Research in Biosciences (CIC bioGUNE), Spain 6.26 6.61 23 4.0%
373 NHS Lothian, United Kingdom (UK) 4.41 6.60 101 47.5%
374 University of Szeged (SZTE), Hungary 5.30 6.51 33 21.1%
375 National Technical University of Athens (NTUA), Greece 5.96 6.51 91 7.6%
376 C. H. Boehringer Sohn AG & Co. KG (Boehringer Ingelheim), Germany 10.84 6.37 23 -42.1%
377 Institut Mines-Télécom (IMT), France 5.17 6.36 98 21.3%
378 Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust (OUH), United Kingdom (UK) 8.07 6.34 81 -22.6%
379 AgroParisTech, France 7.94 6.33 69 -21.3%
380 Semmelweis University (SE), Hungary 4.82 6.32 25 29.3%
381 Tomsk State University (TSU), Russia 5.24 6.29 92 18.3%
382 École Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Montpellier (ENSCM), France 6.42 6.19 71 -5.1%
383 University of Valladolid (UVa), Spain 7.44 6.17 15 -18.3%
384 University of Málaga (UMA), Spain 3.82 6.15 31 58.7%
385 Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute (KNMI), Netherlands 4.25 6.14 16 42.5%
386 Swedish Institute of Space Physics (IRF), Sweden 7.21 6.08 22 -16.9%
387 Åbo Akademi University, Finland 7.19 5.99 28 -17.9%
388 University of Namur (UNamur), Belgium 7.75 5.97 23 -24.0%
389 Novo Nordisk A/S, Denmark 4.36 5.86 15 32.5%
390 Institute of Molecular Biology gGmbH (IMB), Germany 3.37 5.85 17 71.3%
391 University of Silesia (US), Poland 3.52 5.83 22 63.2%
392 University of Ferrara (UNIFE), Italy 5.88 5.83 94 -2.3%
393 University of Hohenheim, Germany 5.09 5.83 15 12.9%
394 National Institute for Research in Computer Science and Control (INRIA), France 5.94 5.82 230 -3.5%
395 University of the Balearic Islands (UIB), Spain 7.65 5.79 35 -25.3%
396 University of Lübeck, Germany 6.64 5.79 69 -14.1%
397 University of Debrecen, Hungary 2.74 5.79 84 108.3%
398 Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM), Germany 6.56 5.77 19 -13.3%
399 Budapest University of Technology and Economics (BME), Hungary 5.13 5.76 27 10.7%
400 University of Alicante (UA), Spain 3.82 5.76 29 48.5%
401 Northumbria University, United Kingdom (UK) 3.66 5.73 17 54.3%
402 Gdańsk University of Technology (GUT), Poland 3.28 5.72 15 72.1%
403 University of Kassel, Germany 4.70 5.63 16 18.0%
404 Centre for Cooperative Research in Biomaterials (CIC biomaGUNE), Spain 7.17 5.62 29 -22.7%
405 Catalan Health Institute (ICS), Spain 7.70 5.60 46 -28.3%
406 Ilmenau University of Technology (TU Ilmenau), Germany 7.79 5.58 10 -29.3%
407 CY Cergy Paris University, France 3.48 5.55 51 57.2%
408 Charles III University of Madrid (UC3M), Spain 1.30 5.55 23 320.4%
409 University of Neuchâtel (UniNE), Switzerland 5.63 5.54 18 -3.0%
410 Kazan Federal University (KFU), Russia 7.82 5.53 30 -30.3%
411 Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research (TNO), Netherlands 5.53 5.53 36 -1.4%
412 Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology (Skoltech), Russia 3.59 5.46 43 49.9%
413 National Research Nuclear University MEPhI (Moscow Engineering Physics Institute), Russia 6.62 5.41 205 -19.5%
414 Academy of Athens, Greece 5.67 5.40 23 -6.2%
415 The Open University (OU), United Kingdom (UK) 12.13 5.39 26 -56.2%
416 University of Stavanger (UiS), Norway 2.89 5.38 11 83.4%
417 European Space Agency (ESA), France 4.00 5.32 42 31.3%
418 British Geological Survey (BGS), United Kingdom (UK) 8.36 5.31 23 -37.3%
419 University of Salzburg, Austria 3.36 5.27 14 54.8%
420 University Children's Hospital Basel (UKBB), Switzerland 3.58 5.27 44 45.3%
421 University of Salento, Italy 8.65 5.27 97 -40.0%
422 National Graduate School of Engineering and Research Center (ENSICAEN), France 3.38 5.26 44 53.3%
423 University of L'Aquila (UNIVAQ), Italy 5.74 5.26 33 -9.7%
424 Medical University of Graz (Med Uni Graz), Austria 7.24 5.25 42 -28.5%
425 Aston University, United Kingdom (UK) 2.85 5.24 15 81.1%
426 Silesian University in Opava (SLU), Czech Republic 2.25 5.24 9 129.0%
427 University of Eastern Piedmont "Amedeo Avogadro" (UNIPMN), Italy 4.78 5.22 128 7.7%
428 University of La Rioja (UR), Spain 5.29 5.22 13 -2.7%
429 Union of the German Academies of Sciences and Humanities, Germany 3.20 5.21 19 60.4%
430 Sanofi, France 3.94 5.17 28 29.1%
431 University of Burgundy, France 6.80 5.13 40 -25.6%
432 University of Patras, Greece 6.32 5.13 20 -20.0%
433 National Institute of Chemical Physics and Biophysics (NICPB), Estonia 4.53 5.12 84 11.5%
434 Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute (SMHI), Sweden 4.22 5.10 43 19.2%
435 Ural Federal University (UrFU), Russia 8.61 5.09 25 -41.7%
436 Paris-Est Créteil University (UPEC), France 3.64 5.04 51 36.3%
437 Institute of Molecular Medicine (IMM), Portugal 4.12 5.02 26 20.1%
438 University of Burgos (UBU), Spain 3.50 5.01 8 41.2%
439 University of Navarra (UNAV), Spain 1.88 4.95 20 159.8%
440 University of Rouen, France 4.37 4.94 42 11.2%
441 University of Ioannina (UOI), Greece 8.59 4.92 102 -43.5%
442 Paris Observatory, France 6.02 4.91 127 -19.6%
443 University of Cordoba (UCO), Spain 4.64 4.90 17 4.0%
444 University of A Coruña (UDC), Spain 8.24 4.85 14 -42.0%
445 National University of Science and Technology (MISIS), Russia 2.41 4.83 37 97.6%
446 Miguel Hernández University of Elche (UMH), Spain 2.22 4.78 22 112.4%
447 Peoples Friendship University of Russia (PFUR), Russia 1.49 4.75 21 215.1%
448 University of Brighton, United Kingdom (UK) 1.69 4.75 26 177.6%
449 National Centre for Nuclear Research (NCBJ), Poland 3.09 4.71 175 50.0%
450 University of Paris Nord (Paris 13), France 1.91 4.70 61 142.9%
451 University of Castilla-La Mancha (UCLM), Spain 8.27 4.66 41 -44.4%
452 Catholic University of the Sacred Heart (UCSC), Italy 4.49 4.66 22 2.2%
453 University of Orléans, France 5.44 4.57 47 -17.1%
454 University of Koblenz and Landau, Germany 2.13 4.55 8 110.3%
455 University of Cyprus, Cyprus 11.20 4.52 80 -60.3%
456 Tomsk Polytechnic University (TPU), Russia 3.36 4.47 33 31.3%
457 Belarusian State University (BSU), Belarus 3.09 4.44 146 41.6%
458 University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna (VUM), Austria 4.04 4.44 27 8.2%
459 Norway Ministry of Trade, Industry and Fisheries, Norway 3.06 4.42 48 42.5%
460 Norwegian Institute for Water Research (NIVA), Norway 3.78 4.35 28 13.2%
461 Ligue Contre Le Cancer, France 1.57 4.33 31 171.5%
462 University of Poitiers, France 5.07 4.30 22 -16.4%
463 Bangor University, United Kingdom (UK) 7.51 4.29 24 -43.7%
464 International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (ICGEB), Italy 2.43 4.24 23 71.6%
465 Wetsus Centre of Excellence for Sustainable Water Technology, Netherlands 4.78 4.23 12 -12.7%
466 University of Verona (UNIVR), Italy 4.06 4.20 31 1.9%
467 Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine (LSTM), United Kingdom (UK) 4.83 4.18 15 -14.6%
468 UCB S.A., Belgium 1.56 4.16 19 162.8%
469 Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 3.99 4.16 77 2.8%
470 Gran Sasso Science Institute (GSSI), Italy 2.36 4.15 44 73.1%
471 Tallinn University of Technology (TUT), Estonia 3.72 4.15 8 10.1%
472 University of Haute-Alsace (UHA), France 4.12 4.14 85 -1.0%
473 University of Modena and Reggio Emilia (UNIMORE), Italy 5.95 4.11 59 -32.0%
474 Thales S.A., France 6.08 4.11 29 -33.4%
475 Higher Institute for Electronics and Digital Training (ISEN), France 2.72 4.08 41 47.5%
476 University of Évry-Val d'Essonne (UEVE), France 3.23 4.08 102 24.4%
477 Institute Gustave-Roussy (IGR), France 4.61 4.07 43 -12.9%
478 Linnaeus University (LNU), Sweden 3.24 4.06 12 23.6%
479 University of Angers, France 6.31 4.05 38 -36.7%
480 University of Malta, Malta 0.58 4.04 8 590.2%
481 Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland (GEUS), Denmark 3.94 4.01 21 0.2%
482 Rigshospitalet, Denmark 2.89 4.00 47 36.6%
483 Telethon Foundation, Italy 3.33 3.99 20 18.2%
484 Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (BAS), Bulgaria 6.87 3.98 122 -42.9%
485 Horia Hulubei National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering (IFIN HH), Romania 3.65 3.96 155 6.9%
486 Czech Technical University in Prague (CTU), Czech Republic 3.14 3.94 114 23.8%
487 Merck KGaA, Germany 4.17 3.92 19 -7.4%
488 European Magnetic Field Laboratory (EMFL), Germany 4.63 3.92 32 -16.6%
489 University of Essex, United Kingdom (UK) 4.60 3.87 23 -17.1%
490 Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI), Finland 12.13 3.85 21 -68.7%
491 NERC National Centre for Atmospheric Science (NCAS), United Kingdom (UK) 4.84 3.80 41 -22.7%
492 Pablo de Olavide University (UPO), Spain 5.02 3.79 22 -25.6%
493 Geological Survey of Norway (NGU), Norway 2.92 3.78 33 27.6%
494 Ireland Department of Jobs, Enterprise and Innovation (DJEI), Ireland 3.73 3.77 22 -0.3%
495 University of Lodz (UL), Poland 2.97 3.74 17 24.3%
496 Nottingham Trent University, United Kingdom (UK) 3.25 3.72 15 12.5%
497 French Research Institute for Exploitation of the Sea (Ifremer), France 6.97 3.70 45 -47.6%
498 Technische Universität Bergakademie Freiberg (TUBAF), Germany 3.36 3.70 14 8.4%
499 International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Austria 3.76 3.65 25 -4.5%
500 University of Toulon (UTLN), France 2.47 3.64 40 45.2%

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.