2018 tables: Institutions

Table criteria

The 2018 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2017 to 31 December 2017.

2017 Institution Share 2016 Share 2017
1 Max Planck Society, Germany 765.8 745.16
2 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 770.45 725.95
3 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 527.56 507.16
4 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 438.57 419.81
5 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 466.95 405.45
6 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 354.97 382.19
7 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 216.15 208.03
8 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 234.26 207.43
9 Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain 211.19 200.34
10 University College London (UCL), United Kingdom (UK) 203.2 189.95
11 Leibniz Association, Germany 208.25 186.23
12 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 181.51 181.12
13 Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Russia 172.05 175.45
14 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 156.57 164.5
15 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 138.17 159.38
16 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 119.13 153.24
17 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 152.79 141.9
18 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 145.39 131.71
19 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 121.71 130.74
20 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 143.52 127.78
21 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 126.46 126.67
22 Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium 115.14 120.27
23 University of Würzburg (JMU), Germany 100.59 118.86
24 National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN), Italy 120.3 117.18
25 National Research Council (CNR), Italy 125.96 112.82
26 University of Münster (WWU), Germany 102.27 112.5
27 University of Groningen (RUG), Netherlands 104.36 111.69
28 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 116.98 110.85
29 University of Basel (UB), Switzerland 103.67 110.13
30 Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology (BIST), Spain 119.22 107.93
31 Sorbonne University, France 105.48 107.45
32 University of Göttingen, Germany 98 104.92
33 The French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), France 116.67 99.41
34 Uppsala University (UU), Sweden 94.95 97.37
35 University of Freiburg (Uni Freiburg), Germany 74.68 94.77
36 RWTH Aachen University (RWTH Aachen), Germany 92.39 93.52
37 Free University of Berlin (FU Berlin), Germany 86.81 93.52
38 Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), Germany 94.84 93.09
39 Dresden University of Technology (TU Dresden), Germany 84.85 90.86
40 University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU), Germany 82.74 88.08
41 Czech Academy of Sciences (CAS), Czech Republic 74.5 88.06
42 National Institute for Health and Medical Research (INSERM), France 88.92 87.6
43 Leiden University, Netherlands 81.23 85.79
44 Lund University (LU), Sweden 95.62 83.89
45 Stockholm University, Sweden 77.5 82.17
46 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 74.21 81.71
47 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 92.72 80.78
48 Aarhus University (AU), Denmark 95.98 80.35
49 University of Bonn (Uni Bonn), Germany 88.73 80.26
50 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 75.65 79.87
51 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 91.05 79.06
52 University of Amsterdam (UvA), Netherlands 77.47 78.16
53 Radboud University Nijmegen (RU), Netherlands 95.43 77.15
54 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 71.54 76.97
55 The University of Warwick (Warwick), United Kingdom (UK) 81.09 76.47
56 Karolinska Institute (KI), Sweden 73.86 76.21
57 University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen), Germany 71.47 75.74
58 Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Denmark 79.49 73.71
59 University of Paris-Sud (UPSud), France 73.07 72.83
60 University of Paris, France 67.11 72.78
61 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 88.37 72.68
62 University of Barcelona (UB), Spain 70.71 69.37
63 Humboldt University of Berlin (HU Berlin), Germany 71.22 69.3
64 Goethe University Frankfurt am Main (GU), Germany 68.12 67.72
65 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 73.55 67.3
66 Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin), Germany 63.29 67.17
67 Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e), Netherlands 67.2 66.96
68 University of Vienna, Austria 61.2 66.69
69 University of Oslo (UiO), Norway 60.55 66.48
70 The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom (UK) 68.35 65.82
71 Ghent University (UGent), Belgium 68.68 64.31
72 University of Bern (UniBE), Switzerland 66.69 63.99
73 University of Regensburg (UR), Germany 75.58 62.83
74 Medical Research Council (MRC), United Kingdom (UK) 55.07 62.63
75 The Francis Crick Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 44.54 62.16
76 The University of Nottingham (UoN), United Kingdom (UK) 66.84 60.69
77 Grenoble Alpes University (UGA), France 60 60.54
78 University of Helsinki, Finland 51.7 60.12
79 University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 54.34 57.21
80 University of Strasbourg, France 64.71 56.77
81 Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM), Spain 76.44 56.03
82 Polish Academy of Sciences (PAS), Poland 49 55.99
83 Ruhr University Bochum (RUB), Germany 55.37 55.93
84 European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Switzerland 53.8 55.28
85 University of Lausanne (UNIL), Switzerland 50.47 54.93
86 KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden 50.77 54.92
87 University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Spain 56.09 54.58
88 University of Cologne (UoC), Germany 69.63 54.52
89 Vienna University of Technology (TU Wien), Austria 48.87 54.04
90 F. Hoffmann-La Roche AG, Switzerland 43.91 53.7
91 University of Birmingham (UB), United Kingdom (UK) 49.62 53.51
92 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 43.64 52.89
93 Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI), Switzerland 50.04 51.7
94 Wageningen University & Research (WUR), Netherlands 32.83 51.68
95 University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 68.28 51.29
96 University of Toulouse, France 50.71 50.16
97 Leipzig University, Germany 47.34 49.93
98 The University of Dublin, Ireland 49.34 48.68
99 Scientific Institute for Research, Hospitalization and Healthcare (IRCCS), Italy 41.33 47.86
100 Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU), Russia 42.63 47.6
101 Aix-Marseille University (AMU), France 46.97 46.91
102 University of Lyon, France 49.45 46.17
103 Philipps University of Marburg (Uni Marburg), Germany 45.41 46.04
104 University of Valencia (UV), Spain 49.71 44.86
105 European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Germany 45.66 44.74
106 Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), United Kingdom (UK) 44.58 44.24
107 University of Bayreuth (UBT), Germany 54.99 43.81
108 University of Duisburg-Essen (UDE), Germany 35.17 43.02
109 University of York, United Kingdom (UK) 44.39 42.78
110 University of Montpellier, France 42.67 42.13
111 TU Dortmund University, Germany 29.45 41.81
112 Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Belgium 45.53 41.64
113 Novartis International AG, Switzerland 41.29 41.58
114 University of Konstanz, Germany 49.45 41.2
115 VU University Amsterdam, Netherlands 56.14 41.15
116 University of Padova (UNIPD), Italy 38.42 40.83
117 University of Stuttgart, Germany 46.99 40.75
118 Aalto University, Finland 45.73 40.55
119 Cardiff University, United Kingdom (UK) 48.44 40.23
120 Sapienza University of Rome, Italy 37.41 40.16
121 Newcastle University, United Kingdom (UK) 39.55 39.25
122 Friedrich Schiller University Jena (FSU), Germany 43.55 38.6
123 Complutense University of Madrid (UCM), Spain 39.11 38.42
124 Chalmers University of Technology (Chalmers), Sweden 40.15 38.33
125 Pasteur Institute, France 39.21 38.3
126 Austrian Academy of Sciences (ÖAW), Austria 32.37 38.14
127 University of Bordeaux, France 32.37 38.06
128 Linköping University (LiU), Sweden 30.1 37.71
129 Italian Institute of Technology (IIT), Italy 35.64 36.95
130 University of Sussex, United Kingdom (UK) 30.82 36.5
131 National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and Environment (INRAE), France 42.24 36.11
132 University of Strathclyde, United Kingdom (UK) 27.44 35.5
133 University of Milan (UNIMI), Italy 24.48 35.03
134 Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB), Spain 25.3 34.75
135 National Institute for Astrophysics (INAF), Italy 37.99 34.69
136 University of Warsaw (UW), Poland 33.61 34.56
137 University of Lisbon (ULISBOA), Portugal 40.47 34.45
138 Hungarian Academy of Sciences (HAS), Hungary 38.93 34.28
139 University of East Anglia (UEA), United Kingdom (UK) 18.2 33.62
140 University of Florence (UNIFI), Italy 27.46 33.39
141 Ulm University, Germany 37.68 33.29
142 University of Innsbruck (LFU), Austria 37.62 33.29
143 Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), United Kingdom (UK) 30.7 33.28
144 University of Bremen (Uni Bremen), Germany 26.67 32.84
145 University of Bath, United Kingdom (UK) 35.94 32.52
146 University of Santiago de Compostela (USC), Spain 33.43 31.79
147 University of Gothenburg (GU), Sweden 34.17 31.76
148 Wellcome Sanger Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 25.89 31.52
149 Jagiellonian University (UJ), Poland 25.73 31.4
150 NWO-I, the Institutes Organisation of NWO, Netherlands 35.02 31.33
151 University of Kiel (CAU), Germany 39.89 30.66
152 University of Hannover (LUH), Germany 27.32 30.64
153 Darmstadt University of Technology (TU Darmstadt), Germany 40.16 30.45
154 Institute of Research for Development (IRD), France 32.67 30
155 AstraZeneca plc, United Kingdom (UK) 31.15 29.87
156 Charles University (CU), Czech Republic 28.92 29.75
157 National Institute of Applied Sciences (INSA), France 30.49 29.36
158 Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU), Germany 24.72 29.2
159 National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV), Italy 33.11 28.93
160 Umeå University (UMU), Sweden 25.52 28.73
161 University of Bologna (UNIBO), Italy 32.21 28.25
162 Braunschweig University of Technology (TU Braunschweig), Germany 25.55 27.95
163 Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati (SISSA), Italy 23.58 27.08
164 University of Liège (ULg), Belgium 27.19 26.28
165 University of Antwerp (UA), Belgium 28.48 26.19
166 École Normale Supérieure (ENS Paris), France 24 25.93
167 Lancaster University, United Kingdom (UK) 21.77 25.87
168 University of Milano-Bicocca (UNIMIB), Italy 24.08 25.72
169 Catholic University of Louvain (UCLouvain), Belgium 35.98 25.65
170 University of Dundee, United Kingdom (UK) 31.38 25.53
171 Queen's University Belfast (QUB), United Kingdom (UK) 25.7 25.35
172 University of Twente (UTwente), Netherlands 31.17 25.04
173 University of Turin (UNITO), Italy 27 24.9
174 Institute of Science and Technology Austria (IST Austria), Austria 16.43 24.87
175 Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway 23.95 24.5
176 Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf (HHU), Germany 32.84 24.28
177 Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (EAWAG), Switzerland 32.29 24.14
178 University of Fribourg (UNIFR), Switzerland 18.01 23.95
179 Giessen University (JLU), Germany 20.15 23.45
180 European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF), France 23.57 23.27
181 University of Bergen (UIB), Norway 18.22 23.1
182 Graz University of Technology (TU Graz), Austria 18.36 22.87
183 Flanders Institute for Biotechnology (VIB), Belgium 35.93 22.86
184 Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR), Netherlands 23.98 22.77
185 University of Oviedo (UniOvi), Spain 27.4 22.63
186 University of Naples Federico II (UNINA), Italy 25.51 22.4
187 Masaryk University (MU), Czech Republic 17.82 22.02
188 University of Granada (UGR), Spain 25.23 22.02
189 Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology (EMPA), Switzerland 21.33 22.01
190 Vienna Biocenter (VBC), Austria 28.96 21.97
191 Institute of Health Carlos III (ISCIII), Spain 16.93 21.69
192 University of Southern Denmark (SDU), Denmark 20.26 21.65
193 University of Potsdam, Germany 34.96 21.58
194 Swansea University, United Kingdom (UK) 19.68 21.2
195 University College Dublin (UCD), Ireland 21.85 20.6
196 University of Graz (Uni Graz), Austria 14.73 20.26
197 National Research Center Kurchatov Institute (NRCKI), Russia 22.84 19.87
198 University of Aveiro (UA), Portugal 12.55 19.85
199 Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Sweden 14.77 19.84
200 Catalan Institution for Research and Advanced Studies (ICREA), Spain 25.09 19.8
201 University of Siegen, Germany 21.05 19.71
202 University of Jyväskylä, Finland 19.03 19.65
203 Polytechnic University of Milan, Italy 21.08 19.58
204 Netherlands Cancer Institute (NKI), Netherlands 23 19.45
205 University of Trento (UNITN), Italy 10.24 19.19
206 John Innes Centre (JIC), United Kingdom (UK) 22.44 19.07
207 Bielefeld University, Germany 20 18.9
208 University of Reading, United Kingdom (UK) 23.92 18.88
209 University of Porto (UP), Portugal 16.31 17.85
210 University of Leicester, United Kingdom (UK) 24.6 17.81
211 Saarland University (Saar-Uni), Germany 26.71 17.39
212 NERC British Antarctic Survey (BAS), United Kingdom (UK) 14.47 17.33
213 Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP), France 15.36 17.19
214 Medical University of Vienna (MUW), Austria 15.7 17.14
215 Saint Petersburg State University (SPbU), Russia 20.92 16.91
216 University of Rennes 1, France 13.82 16.91
217 Johannes Kepler University of Linz (JKU), Austria 11.89 16.91
218 Hannover Medical School (MHH), Germany 16.6 16.78
219 University of Aberdeen, United Kingdom (UK) 16 16.36
220 École Normale Supérieure de Lyon (ENS de Lyon), France 15.89 16.34
221 GlaxoSmithKline plc. (GSK), United Kingdom (UK) 15.72 16.16
222 Heriot-Watt University, United Kingdom (UK) 22.15 16.05
223 University of Tromsø - The Arctic University of Norway (UiT), Norway 10.96 16.04
224 Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR), Russia 10.61 15.98
225 University of Zaragoza (Unizar), Spain 22.35 15.96
226 University of Tartu (UT), Estonia 12.43 15.84
227 Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (KNAW), Netherlands 20.7 15.7
228 CIC nanoGUNE Consolider, Spain 11.92 15.63
229 University of Wrocław (UWr), Poland 22.03 15.55
230 University of Surrey, United Kingdom (UK) 11.52 15.46
231 Free University of Brussels (VUB), Belgium 14.9 15.25
232 University of Ljubljana, Slovenia 12.08 15.11
233 École Polytechnique, France 16.13 15.08
234 Pompeu Fabra University (UPF), Spain 18.81 15.02
235 Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań (AMU), Poland 6.53 14.94
236 ITMO National Research University (ITMO University), Russia 13.95 14.93
237 Collège de France, France 10.54 14.61
238 University of Kaiserslautern (TU Kaiserslautern), Germany 16.24 14.6
239 Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP), Italy 18.98 14.55
240 Loughborough University, United Kingdom (UK) 7.54 14.51
241 University of Oldenburg, Germany 14.35 14.5
242 University of Girona (UdG), Spain 12.61 14.31
243 Rudjer Boskovic Institute (RBI), Croatia 8.89 14.07
244 Curie Institute, France 13.59 14.03
245 University of Lorraine (UL), France 16.62 13.9
246 Jozef Stefan Institute (IJS), Slovenia 11.52 13.82
247 University of Iceland, Iceland 13.12 13.77
248 University of Pavia (UNIPV), Italy 10.98 13.7
249 Palacky University (PU), Czech Republic 11.33 13.54
250 Fraunhofer Society, Germany 21.05 13.41
251 The Institute of Cancer Research (ICR), United Kingdom (UK) 15.46 13.37
252 University of Lille Nord de France, France 19.59 13.28
253 University of Rome Tor Vergata, Italy 16.1 13.04
254 University of Perugia, Italy 12.39 13.03
255 University of Turku (UTU), Finland 17.53 13
256 University of Salerno (UNISA), Italy 6.05 12.94
257 University of London - Royal Holloway (RHUL), United Kingdom (UK) 11.2 12.92
258 University of Rostock, Germany 16.82 12.85
259 Institut Polytechnique de Bordeaux (Bordeaux INP), France 11.58 12.71
260 Grenoble Institute of Technology (Grenoble INP), France 11.46 12.63
261 National and Kapodistrian University of Athens (UOA), Greece 8.98 12.45
262 IMDEA Institutes, Spain 17.58 12.44
263 University of Eastern Finland (UEF), Finland 7.34 12.35
264 University of Pisa (UNIPI), Italy 24.75 12.3
265 ESPCI ParisTech, France 12.28 12.28
266 University of Wuppertal, Germany 10.61 12.16
267 University College Cork (UCC), Ireland 15.22 12.06
268 Polytechnic University of Catalonia (UPC), Spain 11.35 12.02
269 Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg (OVGU), Germany 9.18 12
270 Interuniversity Microelectronics Centre (IMEC), Belgium 19.33 11.99
271 National Museum of Natural History (MNHN), France 10.1 11.83
272 Rovira i Virgili University (URV), Spain 18.83 11.76
273 University of Savoy (USMB), France 9.21 11.68
274 NERC National Oceanography Centre (NOC), United Kingdom (UK) 12.33 11.53
275 University of Plymouth, United Kingdom (UK) 8.24 11.46
276 Tampere University, Finland 13.7 11.33
277 Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology - State University (MIPT), Russia 13.85 11.3
278 University of Genova, Italy 11.77 11.25
279 University of Trieste (UNITS), Italy 11.05 11.24
280 Spanish National Cancer Research Centre (CNIO), Spain 14.25 11.21
281 Foundation for Research and Technology - Hellas (FORTH), Greece 10.53 11.05
282 Jaume I University (UJI), Spain 15.86 11
283 University of Nice Sophia Antipolis (UNS), France 19.08 10.91
284 The National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (NASU), Ukraine 11.57 10.84
285 Maastricht University (UM), Netherlands 9.31 10.78
286 University of Seville (US), Spain 15.64 10.68
287 Novosibirsk State University (NSU), Russia 11.19 10.59
288 University of Crete (UOC), Greece 16.06 10.39
289 University of Osnabrück (Uni Osnabrück), Germany 8.81 10.37
290 Institut Laue Langevin (ILL), France 14.12 10.36
291 Scuola Normale Superiore (SNS), Italy 9.99 10.34
292 Met Office, United Kingdom (UK) 15.46 10.3
293 Polytechnic University of Valencia (UPV), Spain 9.11 10.29
294 European Southern Observatory (ESO), Germany 9.39 10.26
295 University of Hull, United Kingdom (UK) 9.31 10.09
296 Natural History Museum, United Kingdom (UK) 11.51 10.08
297 International Solvay Institutes, Belgium 10.25 10
298 Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics (SIB), Switzerland 6.92 9.93
299 University of Kent, United Kingdom (UK) 4.82 9.83
300 University of Limerick (UL), Ireland 7.13 9.8
301 University Clermont Auvergne, France 11.07 9.76
302 Spanish National Center for Cardiovascular Research (CNIC), Spain 11.53 9.73
303 University of Luxembourg, Luxembourg 15.11 9.61
304 University of Murcia (UMU), Spain 10.29 9.57
305 Cancer Research UK (CRUK), United Kingdom (UK) 9.05 9.55
306 University of Parma (UNIPR), Italy 11.36 9.48
307 University of Greifswald, Germany 8.68 9.48
308 University of Nantes, France 10.16 9.46
309 University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna (BOKU), Austria 5.06 9.3
310 Norwegian University of Life Sciences (NMBU), Norway 5 9.25
311 University of Augsburg, Germany 10.56 9.22
312 University of Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines (UVSQ), France 12.88 9.18
313 Eötvös Loránd University (ELTE), Hungary 9.33 9.18
314 National Physical Laboratory (NPL), United Kingdom (UK) 10.4 9.17
315 University of Oulu, Finland 7.79 9.15
316 University of Roma Tre, Italy 8.17 9.08
317 Babraham Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 10.87 9.04
318 Wrocław University of Science and Technology (WRUT), Poland 6.31 9.01
319 Birkbeck, University of London (BBK), United Kingdom (UK) 9.26 8.99
320 University of Chemistry and Technology, Prague (UCT), Czech Republic 10.5 8.94
321 Elettra - Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A., Italy 9.04 8.92
322 National Interuniversity Consortium of Materials Science and Technology (INSTM), Italy 5.87 8.89
323 Jacobs University Bremen, Germany 12.38 8.79
324 University of Paderborn (UPB), Germany 8.83 8.43
325 Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland (RCSI), Ireland 8.71 8.39
326 National Centre for Scientific Research 'Demokritos' (NCSR), Greece 7.36 8.37
327 University of Calabria (UNICAL), Italy 12.87 8.31
328 Polytechnic University of Turin, Italy 10.9 8.29
329 Medical University of Innsbruck (MUI), Austria 7.56 8.19
330 University of La Laguna (ULL), Spain 18.08 8.19
331 University of Alcalá (UAH), Spain 10.42 8.18
332 National University of Ireland Galway (NUI Galway), Ireland 10.07 8.09
333 BASF SE, Germany 12.76 8.08
334 USI Università della Svizzera Italiana, Switzerland 3.95 8.02
335 New University of Lisbon (UNL), Portugal 13.31 8.01
336 Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales (CNES), France 7.71 7.96
337 University of Mons (UMONS), Belgium 9.64 7.87
338 University of Vigo (UVIGO), Spain 7.85 7.8
339 University of Coimbra (UC), Portugal 8.96 7.78
340 European Commission (EC), Belgium 9.86 7.71
341 Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB), Germany 6.48 7.68
342 Swedish Museum of Natural History, Sweden 8.69 7.64
343 Vilnius University (VU), Lithuania 5.79 7.56
344 Italian Foundation for Cancer Research (FIRC), Italy 6.18 7.46
345 Champalimaud Foundation, Portugal 7.22 7.44
346 University of Portsmouth, United Kingdom (UK) 8.63 7.31
347 University of Salamanca (USAL), Spain 11.74 7.28
348 École Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Rennes (ENSCR), France 4.59 7.27
349 University of Bari Aldo Moro (UniBA), Italy 6.86 7.26
350 French Institute of Science and Technology for Transport, Development and Networks (IFSTTAR), France 4.75 7.25
351 University Institute of France (IUF), France 5.38 7.14
352 University of Catania, Italy 7.96 7.11
353 Slovak Academy of Sciences (SAS), Slovakia 5.19 7.06
354 University of Zagreb, Croatia 6.49 7.03
355 University of Minho (UM), Portugal 10.05 7.01
356 University of Belgrade, Serbia 10.24 6.98
357 National Institute of Chemistry, Slovenia, Slovenia 4.23 6.96
358 France Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy, France 7.58 6.9
359 Gulbenkian Science Institute (IGC), Portugal 8.95 6.88
360 University of Cantabria (UC), Spain 4.79 6.84
361 University of Palermo (UNIPA), Italy 6.9 6.83
362 Aberystwyth University, United Kingdom (UK) 2.58 6.81
363 Chemnitz University of Technology (TU Chemnitz), Germany 7.28 6.73
364 Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (AUTH), Greece 5.35 6.69
365 Technical University of Madrid (UPM), Spain 9.66 6.68
366 Chimie ParisTech (ENSCP), France 5.28 6.68
367 Caen University (UNICAEN), France 4.14 6.67
368 University of Cagliari (UNICA), Italy 6.59 6.64
369 Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST), Luxembourg 4.38 6.63
370 National Technical University of Athens (NTUA), Greece 5.96 6.49
371 University of Szeged (SZTE), Hungary 5.3 6.47
372 C. H. Boehringer Sohn AG & Co. KG (Boehringer Ingelheim), Germany 10.8 6.34
373 Institut Mines-Télécom (IMT), France 5.15 6.33
374 Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust (OUH), United Kingdom (UK) 8.07 6.33
375 Semmelweis University (SE), Hungary 4.82 6.32
376 AgroParisTech, France 7.92 6.31
377 Tomsk State University (TSU), Russia 5.24 6.29
378 École Pratique des Hautes Études (EPHE), France 7.78 6.25
379 Center for Cooperative Research in Biosciences (CIC bioGUNE), Spain 6.26 6.24
380 École Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Montpellier (ENSCM), France 6.42 6.19
381 Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research (WSL), Switzerland 5.7 6.18
382 University of Valladolid (UVa), Spain 7.44 6.17
383 Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute (KNMI), Netherlands 4.25 6.14
384 Swedish Institute of Space Physics (IRF), Sweden 7.21 6.08
385 Paris-Est Créteil University (UPEC), France 5.83 6.03
386 Åbo Akademi University, Finland 7.19 5.98
387 University of Namur (UNamur), Belgium 7.75 5.97
388 University of Málaga (UMA), Spain 3.58 5.92
389 Novo Nordisk A/S, Denmark 4.36 5.86
390 Institute of Molecular Biology gGmbH (IMB), Germany 3.37 5.85
391 University of Hohenheim, Germany 5.09 5.83
392 University of Silesia (US), Poland 3.52 5.82
393 University of the Balearic Islands (UIB), Spain 7.65 5.79
394 University of Debrecen, Hungary 2.74 5.79
395 University of Ferrara (UNIFE), Italy 5.88 5.78
396 Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM), Germany 6.56 5.77
397 Budapest University of Technology and Economics (BME), Hungary 5.13 5.76
398 University of Alicante (UA), Spain 3.82 5.76
399 Northumbria University, United Kingdom (UK) 3.66 5.73
400 University of Lübeck, Germany 6.62 5.73
401 Gdańsk University of Technology (GUT), Poland 3.28 5.72
402 University of Kassel, Germany 4.7 5.63
403 Centre for Cooperative Research in Biomaterials (CIC biomaGUNE), Spain 7.17 5.62
404 Ilmenau University of Technology (TU Ilmenau), Germany 7.79 5.58
405 Charles III University of Madrid (UC3M), Spain 1.3 5.55
406 University of Neuchâtel (UniNE), Switzerland 5.63 5.54
407 Kazan Federal University (KFU), Russia 7.82 5.53
408 Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research (TNO), Netherlands 5.53 5.53
409 Catalan Health Institute (ICS), Spain 7.69 5.47
410 Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology (Skoltech), Russia 3.59 5.46
411 Academy of Athens, Greece 5.67 5.39
412 University of Stavanger (UiS), Norway 2.89 5.38
413 European Space Agency (ESA), France 4 5.32
414 British Geological Survey (BGS), United Kingdom (UK) 8.36 5.31
415 University of Salzburg, Austria 3.36 5.27
416 National Graduate School of Engineering and Research Center (ENSICAEN), France 3.38 5.26
417 University of Salento, Italy 8.65 5.26
418 University of L'Aquila (UNIVAQ), Italy 5.74 5.26
419 Medical University of Graz (Med Uni Graz), Austria 7.24 5.24
420 Aston University, United Kingdom (UK) 2.85 5.24
421 Silesian University in Opava (SLU), Czech Republic 2.25 5.24
422 University of La Rioja (UR), Spain 5.29 5.22
423 National Research Nuclear University MEPhI (Moscow Engineering Physics Institute), Russia 6.62 5.21
424 The Open University (OU), United Kingdom (UK) 12.13 5.19
425 University of Aalborg (AAU), Denmark 6.37 5.16
426 Union of the German Academies of Sciences and Humanities, Germany 3.11 5.15
427 University of Burgundy, France 6.8 5.13
428 National Institute of Chemical Physics and Biophysics (NICPB), Estonia 4.53 5.12
429 University of Patras, Greece 6.32 5.09
430 Ural Federal University (UrFU), Russia 8.61 5.09
431 Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute (SMHI), Sweden 4.22 5.08
432 University of Eastern Piedmont "Amedeo Avogadro" (UNIPMN), Italy 4.78 5.05
433 Institute of Molecular Medicine (IMM), Portugal 4.12 5.02
434 University of Burgos (UBU), Spain 3.5 5.01
435 University of Navarra (UNAV), Spain 1.88 4.95
436 University of Ioannina (UOI), Greece 8.59 4.92
437 University of Rouen, France 4.37 4.92
438 Paris Observatory, France 6.02 4.9
439 University of Cordoba (UCO), Spain 4.64 4.86
440 University of A Coruña (UDC), Spain 8.24 4.85
441 National University of Science and Technology (MISIS), Russia 2.41 4.83
442 Miguel Hernández University of Elche (UMH), Spain 2.22 4.78
443 Peoples Friendship University of Russia (PFUR), Russia 1.49 4.75
444 Cergy-Pontoise University (UCP), France 2.74 4.73
445 University of Paris Nord (Paris 13), France 1.91 4.7
446 National Institute for Research in Computer Science and Control (INRIA), France 4.02 4.69
447 University of Castilla-La Mancha (UCLM), Spain 8.27 4.66
448 Catholic University of the Sacred Heart (UCSC), Italy 4.49 4.66
449 University of Brighton, United Kingdom (UK) 1.61 4.63
450 National Centre for Nuclear Research (NCBJ), Poland 3.09 4.61
451 Sanofi, France 3.94 4.61
452 Norwegian Institute for Water Research (NIVA), Norway 3.87 4.6
453 NHS Lothian, United Kingdom (UK) 3.42 4.56
454 University of Koblenz and Landau, Germany 2.1 4.55
455 University of Orléans, France 5.44 4.47
456 Tomsk Polytechnic University (TPU), Russia 3.36 4.47
457 University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna (VUM), Austria 4.05 4.46
458 University of Cyprus, Cyprus 11.2 4.46
459 Belarusian State University (BSU), Belarus 3.09 4.44
460 Norway Ministry of Trade, Industry and Fisheries, Norway 3.05 4.41
461 Ligue Contre Le Cancer, France 1.57 4.33
462 University of Poitiers, France 5.07 4.29
463 Bangor University, United Kingdom (UK) 7.51 4.29
464 International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (ICGEB), Italy 2.43 4.24
465 Wetsus Centre of Excellence for Sustainable Water Technology, Netherlands 4.78 4.23
466 University of Verona (UNIVR), Italy 4.06 4.2
467 Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine (LSTM), United Kingdom (UK) 4.83 4.18
468 UCB S.A., Belgium 1.56 4.16
469 Tallinn University of Technology (TUT), Estonia 3.72 4.15
470 University of Haute-Alsace (UHA), France 4.12 4.14
471 Gran Sasso Science Institute (GSSI), Italy 2.36 4.13
472 University of Modena and Reggio Emilia (UNIMORE), Italy 5.95 4.11
473 Thales S.A., France 6.08 4.11
474 Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 3.99 4.08
475 Linnaeus University (LNU), Sweden 3.24 4.06
476 University of Angers, France 6.31 4.04
477 University of Malta, Malta 0.58 4.04
478 Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland (GEUS), Denmark 3.94 4.01
479 Telethon Foundation, Italy 3.33 3.99
480 Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (BAS), Bulgaria 6.87 3.98
481 Rigshospitalet, Denmark 2.89 3.98
482 Institute Gustave-Roussy (IGR), France 4.56 3.93
483 European Magnetic Field Laboratory (EMFL), Germany 4.63 3.92
484 Czech Technical University in Prague (CTU), Czech Republic 3.14 3.9
485 Horia Hulubei National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering (IFIN HH), Romania 3.65 3.89
486 Merck KGaA, Germany 4.13 3.88
487 University of Essex, United Kingdom (UK) 4.6 3.87
488 Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI), Finland 12.13 3.85
489 NERC National Centre for Atmospheric Science (NCAS), United Kingdom (UK) 4.84 3.8
490 Pablo de Olavide University (UPO), Spain 5.02 3.79
491 Ireland Department of Jobs, Enterprise and Innovation (DJEI), Ireland 3.73 3.77
492 Bayer AG, Germany 5.37 3.76
493 University of Lodz (UL), Poland 2.97 3.74
494 Higher Institute for Electronics and Digital Training (ISEN), France 2.4 3.72
495 Nottingham Trent University, United Kingdom (UK) 3.25 3.72
496 French Research Institute for Exploitation of the Sea (Ifremer), France 6.97 3.7
497 Technische Universität Bergakademie Freiberg (TUBAF), Germany 3.36 3.7
498 International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Austria 3.76 3.65
499 University of Toulon (UTLN), France 2.47 3.64
500 Geological Survey of Norway (NGU), Norway 2.91 3.62

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2019 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.