2018 tables: Institutions

The 2018 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2017 to 31 December 2017.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2016 Share 2017 Count 2017 Change in Adjusted Share 2016-2017*
1 National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN), Italy 120.30 119.02 661 -2.5%
2 National Research Council (CNR), Italy 126.30 114.37 533 -10.7%
3 Scientific Institute for Research, Hospitalization and Healthcare (IRCCS), Italy 41.41 49.65 225 18.2%
4 University of Padova (UNIPD), Italy 38.42 40.87 304 4.8%
5 Sapienza University of Rome, Italy 37.41 40.21 390 6.0%
6 Italian Institute of Technology (IIT), Italy 35.75 37.00 130 2.0%
7 University of Milan (UNIMI), Italy 24.46 35.23 281 42.0%
8 National Institute for Astrophysics (INAF), Italy 37.99 34.86 164 -9.6%
9 University of Florence (UNIFI), Italy 27.12 33.25 214 20.8%
10 National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV), Italy 33.11 30.02 65 -10.6%
11 University of Bologna (UNIBO), Italy 32.21 28.31 323 -13.4%
12 Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati (SISSA), Italy 23.58 27.08 99 13.2%
13 University of Milano-Bicocca (UNIMIB), Italy 24.08 25.73 222 5.4%
14 University of Turin (UNITO), Italy 27.08 25.31 246 -7.9%
15 University of Naples Federico II (UNINA), Italy 25.51 22.72 276 -12.2%
16 Polytechnic University of Milan, Italy 21.10 19.58 83 -8.5%
17 University of Trento (UNITN), Italy 10.24 19.20 177 84.9%
18 Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP), Italy 18.98 14.55 138 -24.4%
19 University of Pavia (UNIPV), Italy 10.98 13.74 224 23.3%
20 University of Perugia, Italy 12.39 13.57 166 7.9%
21 University of Rome Tor Vergata, Italy 16.10 13.05 161 -20.1%
22 University of Salerno (UNISA), Italy 6.05 12.96 74 111.0%
23 University of Pisa (UNIPI), Italy 24.75 12.34 255 -50.9%
24 University of Genova, Italy 11.77 11.29 241 -5.5%
25 University of Trieste (UNITS), Italy 11.05 11.24 160 0.2%
26 Scuola Normale Superiore (SNS), Italy 9.99 10.34 172 2.0%
27 University of Parma (UNIPR), Italy 11.36 9.48 67 -17.8%
28 University of Roma Tre, Italy 8.16 9.09 102 9.7%
29 Elettra - Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A., Italy 9.31 8.92 47 -5.5%
30 National Interuniversity Consortium of Materials Science and Technology (INSTM), Italy 5.87 8.89 45 49.2%
31 University of Calabria (UNICAL), Italy 12.87 8.32 87 -36.3%
32 Polytechnic University of Turin, Italy 10.90 8.29 49 -25.1%
33 Italian Foundation for Cancer Research (FIRC), Italy 6.18 7.46 41 19.0%
34 University of Bari Aldo Moro (UniBA), Italy 6.86 7.31 169 5.0%
35 University of Catania, Italy 7.96 7.11 143 -11.9%
36 University of Palermo (UNIPA), Italy 6.90 6.83 34 -2.4%
37 University of Cagliari (UNICA), Italy 6.59 6.64 72 -0.7%
38 University of Ferrara (UNIFE), Italy 5.88 5.83 94 -2.3%
39 University of Salento, Italy 8.65 5.27 97 -40.0%
40 University of L'Aquila (UNIVAQ), Italy 5.74 5.26 33 -9.7%
41 University of Eastern Piedmont "Amedeo Avogadro" (UNIPMN), Italy 4.78 5.22 128 7.7%
42 Catholic University of the Sacred Heart (UCSC), Italy 4.49 4.66 22 2.2%
43 International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (ICGEB), Italy 2.43 4.24 23 71.6%
44 University of Verona (UNIVR), Italy 4.06 4.20 31 1.9%
45 Gran Sasso Science Institute (GSSI), Italy 2.36 4.15 44 73.1%
46 University of Modena and Reggio Emilia (UNIMORE), Italy 5.95 4.11 59 -32.0%
47 Telethon Foundation, Italy 3.33 3.99 20 18.2%
48 University of Siena (UNISI), Italy 4.12 3.60 95 -13.9%
49 Italy Ministry of Health, Italy 3.95 3.26 95 -18.6%
50 University of Camerino (UNICAM), Italy 3.54 3.22 31 -10.4%
51 University of Urbino, Italy 2.54 3.00 52 16.7%
52 University of Brescia (UNIBS), Italy 4.36 2.90 42 -34.5%
53 Istituto Nazionale di Ricerca Metrologica (INRIM), Italy 5.00 2.72 10 -46.3%
54 University of Udine (UNIUD), Italy 3.57 2.59 90 -28.6%
55 Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn Napoli (SZN), Italy 1.47 2.57 6 72.6%
56 Marche Polytechnic University (UNIVPM), Italy 1.76 2.54 19 42.6%
57 University of Insubria, Italy 3.44 2.26 35 -35.1%
58 National Interuniversity Consortium for the Physical Sciences of Matter (CNISM), Italy 1.81 2.15 20 17.1%
59 Techint Group, Italy 0.91 2.11 13 128.8%
60 Italy Ministry of Education, Universities and Research (MIUR), Italy 0.00 2.00 3 471,340.5%
61 Edmund Mach Foundation, Italy 0.90 1.85 7 101.6%
62 IMT School for Advanced Studies Lucca, Italy 0.65 1.84 6 179.1%
63 University of Sassari (UniSS), Italy 2.10 1.75 24 -17.8%
64 Polytechnic University of Bari, Italy 3.19 1.74 114 -46.2%
65 Italian Space Agency (ASI), Italy 0.74 1.72 29 130.3%
66 University of Messina (UNIME), Italy 5.11 1.61 16 -69.0%
67 Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development (ENEA), Italy 1.66 1.52 16 -9.8%
68 Bruno Kessler Foundation (FBK), Italy 1.48 1.49 86 -1.1%
69 Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM), Italy 0.08 1.48 4 1,645.2%
70 Bocconi University, Italy 1.40 5 N/A
71 Fondazione Piemontese per la Ricerca sul Cancro Onlus (FPRC), Italy 2.42 1.33 9 -45.7%
72 Euro-Mediterranean Center on Climate Change (CMCC), Italy 1.22 1.10 6 -11.0%
73 Institute for Scientific Interchange (ISI), Italy 0.97 1.09 8 11.1%
74 University of Tuscia (UNITUS), Italy 0.55 1.02 16 82.0%
75 Eni s.p.a., Italy 0.81 0.91 3 10.8%
76 National Institute of Oceanography and Experimental Geophysics (OGS), Italy 0.55 0.90 3 60.1%
77 Il Museo della Fisica e il Centro Studi e Ricerche Enrico Fermi (Centro Fermi), Italy 0.73 0.88 35 18.8%
78 University of Bergamo, Italy 0.14 0.87 8 503.4%
79 Venetian Institute of Molecular Medicine (VIMM), Italy 1.70 0.86 7 -50.2%
80 European Brain Research Institute (EBRI), Italy 0.47 0.77 4 62.6%
81 Giotto Biotech S.r.l., Italy 0.25 0.76 3 199.3%
82 Ca' Foscari University of Venice (UNIVE), Italy 2.27 0.74 17 -67.8%
83 National Institute for Environmental Protection and Research (ISPRA), Italy 0.34 0.67 7 97.0%
84 University of Chieti (Ud'A), Italy 1.60 0.65 7 -60.0%
85 Ospedale di Parma, Italy 0.02 0.65 4 2,542.6%
86 LFoundry S.r.l. (LF), Italy 0.64 1 N/A
87 Istituto Nazionale di Alta Matematica "Francesco Severi" (INdAM), Italy 0.29 0.61 2 106.5%
88 Campus Bio-Medico University, Italy 0.44 0.60 8 36.4%
89 University of Campania Luigi Vanvitelli, Italy 2.49 0.60 12 -76.2%
90 CIMA Research Foundation, Italy 0.60 1 N/A
91 University of Sannio, Italy 0.62 0.59 16 -6.3%
92 Guglielmo Marconi University (GMU), Italy 0.29 0.56 69 91.9%
93 Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies of Pisa (SSSA), Italy 0.96 0.56 3 -42.4%
94 Ceinge - Biotecnologie Avanzate S.C. a r.l., Italy 0.49 0.50 6 0.7%
95 Institute for Advanced Study (IUSS Pavia), Italy 0.40 0.47 4 16.0%
96 Niguarda Hospital, Italy 0.80 0.47 12 -42.3%
97 Council for Agricultural Research and Analysis of Agricultural Economics (CREA), Italy 0.30 0.45 5 45.3%
98 LyondellBasell Industries, Italy 0.44 1 N/A
98 Azienda Sanitaria dell'Alto Adige (ASDAA), Italy 0.44 1 N/A
99 University of Magna Graecia (UMG), Italy 0.88 0.40 4 -54.7%
100 Geological Observatory of Coldigioco (OGC), Italy 0.40 3 N/A
101 Cyanagen Srl, Italy 0.38 1 N/A
102 Naicons s.r.l., Italy 0.35 1 N/A
103 European Gravitational Observatory (EGO), Italy 0.41 0.34 13 -17.1%
104 Compagnia di San Paolo, Italy 0.34 0.34 7 -3.6%
105 Museo Civico di Rovereto, Italy 0.08 0.33 1 294.3%
105 Integrated Services Company SpA (ASI), Italy 0.33 1 N/A
106 Mario Negri Sud Foundation (FMNS), Italy 0.00 0.33 6 34,991.6%
107 Fondazione Pisana per la Scienza Onlus (FPS), Italy 0.30 1 N/A
108 University Hospital of Verona, Italy 0.17 0.30 4 68.4%
109 G. Monasterio Foundation (FTGM), Italy 0.29 1 N/A
110 Azienda Ospedaliera Papa Giovanni XXIII, Italy 0.13 0.26 3 100.6%
111 University of Cassino and Southern Lazio (UNICAS), Italy 0.29 0.26 8 -11.6%
112 Lincean Academy, Italy 0.11 0.25 1 121.8%
112 Porto Conte Ricerche srl, Italy 0.25 1 N/A
113 Edo and Elvo Tempia Valenta Foundation (FEETV), Italy 0.19 0.22 2 18.1%
114 Saes Group, Italy 0.22 1 N/A
114 Glass to Power Srl (G2P), Italy 0.22 1 N/A
115 Chiesi Farmaceutici S. p. A., Italy 0.22 2 N/A
116 Free University of Bozen-Bolzano (UniBz), Italy 0.20 2 N/A
117 Genomics, Genetics and Biology Innovation Pole (POLO GGB), Italy 0.20 2 N/A
118 Alto Trevigiano Servizi S.r.l., Italy 0.20 1 N/A
119 A.O.U. Citta della Salute e della Scienza di Torino, Italy 0.16 0.19 4 21.2%
120 IGA Technology Services, Italy 0.18 3 N/A
121 Bracco Imaging S.p.A., Italy 0.21 0.18 1 -17.9%
122 Vicuron Pharmaceuticals, Italy 0.18 1 N/A
123 Bioindustry Park Silvano Fumero S.p.A., Italy 0.17 1 N/A
123 Isalit S.r.l., Italy 0.17 1 N/A
123 Ornis Italica, Italy 0.13 0.17 1 31.4%
123 Pangea s.r.l., Italy 0.17 1 N/A
123 Nerviano Medical Sciences S.r.l., Italy 0.17 2 N/A
123 Cambridge Management Consulting Labs S.p.A., Italy 0.17 1 N/A
124 Treviso General Hospital, Italy 0.04 0.16 3 245.6%
125 Dipartimento di Scienze Cliniche Specialistiche ed Odontostomatologiche (DISCO), Università Politecnica delle Marche, Italy 0.15 1 N/A
126 European School of Molecular Medicine (SEMM), Italy 0.05 0.15 6 181.4%
127 Fondazione Matilde Tettamanti Menotti De Marchi Onlus, Italy 0.14 3 N/A
128 Metropolitana Milanese S.p.A., Italy 0.14 1 N/A
128 StemGen S.p.A., Italy 0.14 1 N/A
128 FEM2 Ambiente s.r.l., Italy 0.14 1 N/A
128 Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Italy 0.14 1 N/A
129 University of Molise (UNIMOL), Italy 0.06 0.13 9 116.5%
130 European Academy of Bozen/Bolzano (EURAC), Italy 0.42 0.13 4 -70.2%
131 Avantech Group Srl, Italy 0.13 1 N/A
131 Consorzio per La Promozione delle Attivita' Universitarie del Sulcis Iglesiente (Consorzio Ausi), Italy 0.13 1 N/A
132 International Dental Research and Education S.r.l., Italy 0.12 1 N/A
133 Mediterranea University of Reggio Calabria (UNIRC), Italy 0.00 0.12 4 27,070.5%
134 European School of Oncology (ESO), Italy 0.12 1 N/A
135 Unione Astrofili Italiani (UAI), Italy 0.11 2 N/A
136 Parthenope University of Naples, Italy 0.01 0.11 34 1,207.0%
137 Museo Geologico Giovanni Capellini, Italy 0.10 1 N/A
137 Italian National Agency for the Protection and Assistance of the Deaf (ENS), Italy 0.10 1 N/A
137 CERTEMA S.c.a.r.l., Italy 0.10 1 N/A
138 Center for Advanced Studies, Research and Development in Sardinia (CRS4), Italy 0.12 0.10 2 -15.3%
139 HMGBiotech Srl, Italy 0.09 1 N/A
140 San Raffaele University of Rome (UniSanRaffaele), Italy 0.06 0.09 2 44.6%
141 Innovhub SSI, Italy 0.09 1 N/A
141 Euro-Mediterranean Institute of Science and Technology (IEMEST), Italy 0.03 0.09 1 168.8%
142 Institute for Stem Cell Biology, Regenerative Medicine and Innovative Therapies (ISBReMIT), Italy 0.09 1 N/A
143 ASST Fatebenefratelli-Sacco, Italy 0.26 0.08 1 -67.3%
144 Clément Fillietroz-ONLUS Foundation, Italy 0.08 2 N/A
145 Umberto Veronesi Foundation, Italy 0.08 2 N/A
146 e-GEOS, Italy 0.27 0.08 1 -69.3%
146 American Academy in Rome, Italy 0.08 1 N/A
146 Parco Faunistico Piano dell’Abatino, Italy 0.08 1 N/A
146 Fondazione ETHOIKOS, Italy 0.08 1 N/A
147 University of Foggia (UNIFG), Italy 0.28 0.08 2 -71.2%
148 Holostem Terapie Avanzate S.r.l., Italy 0.08 1 N/A
148 Consorzio Universitario della Provincia di Trapani, Italy 0.08 1 N/A
149 GVM Care & Research, Italy 0.07 1 N/A
150 World Food Programme (WFP), Italy 0.17 0.07 1 -57.8%
150 Civil Protection Department, Italy 0.56 0.07 1 -87.3%
150 BiEsseA Laboratori Analisi Veterinarie s.r.l, Italy 0.07 1 N/A
151 Azienda Ospedaliera Spedali Civili di Brescia, Italy 0.10 0.07 4 -31.6%
152 Bruneck Hospital, Italy 0.07 2 N/A
153 Fondazione Romeo ed Enrica Invernizzi, Italy 0.07 1 N/A
154 University of Basilicata, Italy 0.55 0.06 91 -88.6%
155 Universita' degli Studi Niccolo' Cusano, Italy 0.37 0.06 1 -83.1%
155 Pharmaceutical Development and Services, Italy 0.06 1 N/A
155 San Luigi University Hospital, Italy 0.06 1 N/A
156 Genextra S.p.A., Italy 0.00 0.06 5 6,394.2%
157 Siena University Hospital, Italy 0.05 0.06 2 16.8%
158 NeED Pharma Srl, Italy 0.06 1 N/A
159 MolMed S.p.A., Italy 0.15 0.05 1 -64.7%
159 European University Institute (EUI), Italy 0.19 0.05 1 -72.5%
159 Ospedale Santo Stefano, Italy 0.05 1 N/A
160 Institute for the Study and Prevention of Cancer (ISPRO), Italy 0.06 0.05 3 -11.8%
161 San Pietro Hospital, Italy 0.04 0.05 1 23.2%
161 Leonardo S.p.A., Italy 0.05 1 N/A
162 Hospital of Monfalcone, Italy 0.00 0.04 2 881.0%
163 Gruppo Astrofili Montagna Pistoiese (GAMP), Italy 0.04 1 N/A
164 Institute for Applied Genomics (IGA), Italy 0.04 1 N/A
164 Azienda Ospedaliero - Universitaria "Policlinico - Vittorio Emanuele", Italy 0.04 1 N/A
165 Fondazione Cariplo, Italy 0.08 0.04 6 -53.0%
165 Intesa Sanpaolo, Italy 0.08 0.04 6 -53.0%
166 Ospedale G.Tatarella di Cerignola, Italy 0.04 0.04 1 -8.7%
166 The National Park of Abruzzo, Italy 0.04 1 N/A
166 The Autonomous Province of Trento, Italy 0.04 1 N/A
167 Cage Chemicals S.r.l., Italy 0.04 1 N/A
167 Kore University of Enna, Italy 0.04 1 N/A
168 GENOMA Group, Italy 0.03 1 N/A
169 University of Teramo (UniTE), Italy 0.05 0.03 2 -35.2%
170 Istituto Italiano per l'Africa e l'Oriente (IsIAO), Italy 0.03 1 N/A
171 San Raffaele S.p.A., Italy 0.14 0.03 2 -77.9%
172 CGS S.p.A. Compagnia Generale per lo Spazio, Italy 0.01 0.03 1 270.4%
173 Sclavo Vaccines Association (SVA), Italy 0.03 1 N/A
174 Vittore Buzzi Children's Hospital, Italy 0.03 2 N/A
175 Azienda Ospedaliera San Paolo, Italy 0.32 0.03 2 -91.1%
176 Lombardy Museum of Agricultural History, Italy 0.03 1 N/A
177 Rome International Center for Materials Science of Superstripes (RICMASS), Italy 0.03 1 N/A
177 Santa Croce and Carle Hospital, Italy 0.03 1 N/A
177 Fondazione Città della Speranza, Italy 0.03 1 N/A
178 Lajatico Astronomical Association, Italy 0.02 1 N/A
179 Enel S.p.A., Italy 0.02 0.02 3 3.5%
180 Fondazione Michelangelo, Italy 0.02 1 N/A
181 Istituti Clinici di Perfezionamento (ICP), Italy 0.02 1 N/A
182 Società Astronomica Lunae, Italy 0.02 1 N/A
183 Bari University Hospital, Italy 0.02 1 N/A
184 Pegaso University (Unipegaso), Italy 0.02 0.01 4 -23.5%
185 Azienda Ospedaliera Ospedale Maggiore di Crema, Italy 0.01 1 N/A
186 Blumen Group S.p.A., Italy 0.01 1 N/A
187 Osservatorio Astronomico "Sirio", Italy 0.01 1 N/A
187 Astronomical Observatory of the Autonomous Region of the Aosta Valley (OAVdA), Italy 0.01 1 N/A
188 Monte Agliale Astronomical Observatory, Italy 0.01 1 N/A
188 Osservatorio Astronomico di Tavolaia, Italy 0.01 1 N/A
189 Azienda Sanitaria Provinciale di Catanzaro (ASPCZ), Italy 0.01 1 N/A
190 International Institute for Advanced Scientific Studies (IIASS), Italy 0.01 1 N/A
191 Azienda Sanitaria di Firenze (ASF), Italy 0.07 0.01 2 -89.0%
192 Azienda Ulss 12 Veneziana, Italy 0.01 1 N/A
193 Acciaierie Venete S.p.A., Italy 0.20 0.01 1 -97.3%
194 Maurizio Bufalini Hospital, Italy 0.00 1 N/A
195 Italy Ministry of the Environment and Protection of Land and Sea (MATTM), Italy 0.00 1 N/A
195 Italy Ministry of Infrastructures and Transport (MIT), Italy 0.00 1 N/A
195 Italy Ministry of Agricultural, Food and Forestry Policies (MiPAAF), Italy 0.00 1 N/A
195 Italy Ministry of Cultural Heritage and Activities and Tourism (MiBACT), Italy 0.00 1 N/A
195 Italy Ministry of Economy and Finance (MEF), Italy 0.00 1 N/A
196 Azienda USL Toscana Centro, Italy 0.00 1 N/A
197 KOS Genetic S.r.l., Italy 0.00 1 N/A
198 AREA Science Park, Italy 0.00 1 N/A
199 Azienda Unita' Sanitaria Locale di Parma (AUSL Parma), Italy 0.00 1 N/A
200 Ospedale di Circolo, Italy 0.00 0.00 1 74.9%
200 ASST Sette Laghi, Italy 0.00 1 N/A
201 Italy Ministry of Defence (MDD), Italy 0.00 0.00 1 -60.6%
202 Sanipedia S.r.l., Italy 0.00 1 N/A
203 Ansaldo Ricerche S.p.A., Italy 0.00 1 N/A
203 ABB S.p.A., Italy 0.00 1 N/A
204 Serena Foundation Onlus - NeuroMuscular Omnicenter (NEMO), Italy 0.00 1 N/A
205 Fondazione Italiana Fegato (FIF), Italy 0.00 1 N/A

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.