2018 tables: Institutions

Table criteria

The 2018 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2017 to 31 December 2017.

2017 Institution Share 2016 Share 2017
1 Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), China 1,589.88 1,534.81
2 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 876.04 907.53
3 Max Planck Society, Germany 766.40 747.77
4 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 770.09 730.48
5 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 603.86 615.68
6 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 580.33 538.25
7 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 528.91 514.09
8 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 427.14 472.05
9 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 438.52 420.80
10 University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 384.78 409.64
11 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 466.85 408.03
12 Peking University (PKU), China 386.50 394.87
13 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 355.01 385.07
14 National Institutes of Health (NIH), United States of America (USA) 342.16 380.31
15 Tsinghua University, China 315.87 354.88
16 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 321.43 336.06
17 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 333.41 330.96
18 Nanjing University (NJU), China 319.47 328.84
19 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 328.07 324.04
20 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 313.30 311.83
21 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 307.03 310.22
22 University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), China 275.75 308.65
23 Kyoto University, Japan 264.41 307.24
24 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 349.15 302.83
25 Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA) 284.07 296.63
26 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 291.99 285.29
27 University of Pennsylvania (Penn), United States of America (USA) 260.77 279.61
28 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 267.88 271.80
29 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 288.86 268.60
30 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS), China 159.07 261.10
31 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 257.65 260.96
32 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 259.89 257.24
33 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 228.83 250.98
34 Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 244.10 243.70
35 Zhejiang University (ZJU), China 220.35 243.65
36 Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore 234.67 242.08
37 National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore 209.52 230.46
38 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 251.23 224.88
39 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 208.41 224.81
40 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 216.15 209.48
41 Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL), United States of America (USA) 193.58 209.17
42 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 234.26 208.06
43 Fudan University, China 184.54 206.21
44 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 233.72 203.01
45 Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain 211.55 200.90
46 University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA) 188.13 200.74
47 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 203.43 200.17
48 The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), United States of America (USA) 182.62 197.80
49 UCL, United Kingdom (UK) 203.08 190.16
50 Osaka University, Japan 196.71 188.74
51 Leibniz Association, Germany 208.50 187.66
52 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 176.21 187.10
53 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), United States of America (USA) 180.12 186.06
54 University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), United States of America (USA) 201.42 185.64
55 Duke University, United States of America (USA) 210.00 182.07
56 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 181.49 181.21
57 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 169.17 177.86
58 Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Russia 172.05 176.81
59 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 181.09 175.48
60 Texas A&M University (TAMU), United States of America (USA) 135.74 171.62
61 New York University (NYU), United States of America (USA) 167.13 170.97
62 Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU), China 128.21 170.93
63 University of California, Irvine (UCI), United States of America (USA) 164.50 166.14
64 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 156.60 164.94
65 Seoul National University (SNU), South Korea 165.97 164.43
66 Soochow University, China 150.07 161.36
67 Wuhan University (WHU), China 122.07 161.32
68 Nankai University (NKU), China 152.94 156.53
69 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 136.19 156.18
70 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 119.03 154.01
71 The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center (UT Southwestern Medical Center), United States of America (USA) 128.10 153.65
72 RIKEN, Japan 155.91 153.05
73 Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), South Korea 157.77 152.95
74 Sun Yat-sen University (SYSU), China 117.48 152.26
75 University of California, Davis (UC Davis), United States of America (USA) 145.03 151.15
76 University of Pittsburgh (Pitt), United States of America (USA) 144.89 149.82
77 Purdue University, United States of America (USA) 145.62 148.92
78 Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), United States of America (USA) 145.87 148.58
79 Scripps Research, United States of America (USA) 153.80 148.17
80 McGill University, Canada 174.11 148.03
81 Xiamen University (XMU), China 124.40 146.20
82 Tohoku University, Japan 175.48 142.81
83 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 151.21 140.82
84 The University of Utah (Utah), United States of America (USA) 109.49 137.06
85 The Ohio State University (OSU), United States of America (USA) 145.71 135.60
86 National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), United States of America (USA) 151.14 135.39
87 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 145.31 132.36
88 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 121.72 131.25
89 Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), Japan 138.03 130.47
90 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 144.15 129.89
91 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (RU), United States of America (USA) 156.71 129.84
92 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 126.49 127.60
93 Sichuan University (SCU), China 101.98 126.91
94 The University of British Columbia (UBC), Canada 130.36 122.83
95 Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), United States of America (USA) 122.85 121.92
96 Vanderbilt University (VU), United States of America (USA) 116.00 121.74
97 University of Southern California (USC), United States of America (USA) 134.66 121.60
98 Nagoya University, Japan 132.62 121.18
99 Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium 115.13 120.31
100 University of Florida (UF), United States of America (USA) 113.67 119.48
101 The University of Queensland (UQ), Australia 118.91 119.11
102 National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN), Italy 120.30 119.02
103 University of Würzburg (JMU), Germany 100.59 118.88
104 Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), United States of America (USA) 111.22 117.67
105 Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HUJI), Israel 121.21 116.94
106 Hokkaido University, Japan 118.32 116.17
107 Rice University, United States of America (USA) 105.57 116.06
108 Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST), China 91.91 115.78
109 National Research Council (CNR), Italy 126.30 114.37
110 Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC), United States of America (USA) 90.56 113.69
111 University of Münster (WWU), Germany 102.36 112.55
112 University of Groningen (RUG), Netherlands 104.36 112.12
113 Monash University, Australia 132.44 112.11
114 King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Saudi Arabia 107.96 111.62
115 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 116.98 111.41
116 The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST), China 101.19 110.48
117 Lanzhou University (LZU), China 101.21 108.77
118 University of Basel (UB), Switzerland 102.61 108.56
119 Sorbonne University, France 105.52 108.55
120 Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology (BIST), Spain 119.22 107.99
121 University of Göttingen, Germany 97.99 105.17
122 University of California, Riverside (UCR), United States of America (USA) 99.09 104.19
123 Arizona State University (ASU), United States of America (USA) 95.65 102.77
124 University of New South Wales (UNSW Sydney), Australia 122.29 102.76
125 Indiana University (IU), United States of America (USA) 114.69 102.05
126 Jilin University (JLU), China 89.93 101.49
127 University of Alberta (U of A), Canada 106.42 101.41
128 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), United States of America (USA) 98.16 101.15
129 The Rockefeller University, United States of America (USA) 95.40 100.66
130 Emory University, United States of America (USA) 101.10 100.37
131 The French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), France 114.46 98.05
132 Uppsala University (UU), Sweden 94.95 97.53
133 South China University of Technology (SCUT), China 77.86 97.39
134 Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), India 112.03 97.38
135 Kyushu University, Japan 113.98 97.34
136 Boston University (BU), United States of America (USA) 111.01 95.73
137 University of Freiburg (Uni Freiburg), Germany 74.76 95.47
138 National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), United States of America (USA) 98.32 94.77
139 Free University of Berlin (FU Berlin), Germany 86.95 93.85
140 RWTH Aachen University (RWTH Aachen), Germany 91.71 93.58
141 Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), Germany 94.15 93.56
142 The University of Hong Kong (HKU), China 72.87 93.55
143 The University of Arizona (Arizona), United States of America (USA) 92.91 92.34
144 National Institute for Health and Medical Research (INSERM), France 90.82 91.39
145 Dresden University of Technology (TU Dresden), Germany 84.81 90.97
146 Tel Aviv University (TAU), Israel 75.80 90.77
147 Baylor College of Medicine (BCM), United States of America (USA) 93.45 90.67
148 The University of Melbourne (UniMelb), Australia 100.16 90.61
149 Shandong University (SDU), China 89.69 90.07
150 Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT), China 78.45 89.28
151 Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), United States of America (USA) 94.62 89.25
152 Hunan University (HNU), China 82.74 89.20
153 Czech Academy of Sciences (CAS), Czech Republic 74.51 88.90
154 Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU), China 73.28 88.60
155 University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU), Germany 82.74 88.20
156 North Carolina State University (NCSU), United States of America (USA) 84.00 88.04
157 Beijing Normal University (BNU), China 76.03 87.66
158 Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), South Korea 100.18 87.04
159 U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), United States of America (USA) 93.83 86.78
160 University of Massachusetts Amherst (UMass Amherst), United States of America (USA) 80.19 86.52
161 East China Normal University (ECNU), China 76.76 86.29
162 Leiden University, Netherlands 81.25 85.96
163 Technion-Israel Institute of Technology (IIT), Israel 106.64 85.33
164 Australian National University (ANU), Australia 102.56 85.16
165 Indian Institute of Science (IISc), India 86.77 84.53
166 Brown University, United States of America (USA) 80.64 84.43
167 Lund University (LU), Sweden 95.93 83.96
168 National Taiwan University (NTU), Taiwan 91.82 82.55
169 East China University of Science and Technology (ECUST), China 86.90 82.41
170 State University of New York at Stony Brook (SUNY Stony Brook), United States of America (USA) 81.14 82.19
171 Stockholm University, Sweden 77.43 82.16
172 Michigan State University (MSU), United States of America (USA) 70.73 81.92
173 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 92.63 81.78
174 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 73.98 81.75
175 Aarhus University (AU), Denmark 95.10 80.98
176 University of Bonn (Uni Bonn), Germany 88.73 80.46
177 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 76.15 80.21
178 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), United States of America (USA) 84.83 79.88
179 Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), Singapore 75.69 79.84
180 Tianjin University (TJU), China 69.54 79.07
181 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 90.76 78.90
182 University of Virginia (UVA), United States of America (USA) 72.03 78.71
183 University of Amsterdam (UvA), Netherlands 77.27 78.24
184 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, United States of America (USA) 85.99 78.19
185 Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), South Korea 63.00 77.62
186 Radboud University Nijmegen (RU), Netherlands 95.43 77.50
187 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 71.45 77.05
188 The University of Warwick (Warwick), United Kingdom (UK) 81.09 76.64
189 Karolinska Institute (KI), Sweden 73.86 76.44
190 Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU), South Korea 75.04 76.42
191 Colorado State University, United States of America (USA) 58.93 76.22
192 Tongji University, China 59.76 75.99
193 University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen), Germany 71.47 75.92
194 Southeast University (SEU), China 66.07 75.87
195 Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Denmark 77.80 74.70
196 Yonsei University, South Korea 91.10 74.24
197 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 88.33 74.18
198 National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Japan 77.31 73.52
199 University of Paris, France 67.55 73.49
200 Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), United States of America (USA) 76.67 73.01
201 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech), United States of America (USA) 58.75 72.51
202 University of Connecticut (UConn), United States of America (USA) 46.24 71.88
203 University of Paris-Sud (UPSud), France 71.87 71.69
204 The University of Iowa (UI), United States of America (USA) 81.86 71.68
205 Institute for Basic Science (IBS), South Korea 70.81 71.57
206 U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), United States of America (USA) 73.84 71.46
207 University of Barcelona (UB), Spain 71.72 71.19
208 Academia Sinica, Taiwan 76.88 70.50
209 University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC), United States of America (USA) 57.31 70.28
210 Humboldt University of Berlin (HU Berlin), Germany 71.35 69.50
211 The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK), China 64.95 69.12
212 University of Rochester (UR), United States of America (USA) 77.92 68.65
213 The University of Sydney (USYD), Australia 79.34 68.63
214 University of Waterloo, Canada 71.51 68.53
215 Case Western Reserve University (CWRU), United States of America (USA) 83.12 68.42
216 Southern University of Science and Technology (SUSTech), China 30.64 68.07
217 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 73.34 68.04
218 Goethe University Frankfurt (GU), Germany 68.12 67.98
219 University of Oslo (UiO), Norway 60.56 67.96
220 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), United States of America (USA) 75.95 67.91
221 The University of Georgia (UGA), United States of America (USA) 79.33 67.78
222 Iowa State University, United States of America (USA) 60.92 67.40
223 Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin), Germany 63.33 67.17
224 University of Vienna, Austria 61.46 67.04
225 Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e), Netherlands 67.20 66.96
226 University of Notre Dame (ND), United States of America (USA) 65.54 66.30
227 The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom (UK) 68.35 66.08
228 Dalian University of Technology (DUT), China 45.60 65.58
229 Mount Sinai Health System (MSHS), United States of America (USA) 72.64 65.36
230 Homi Bhabha National Institute (HBNI), India 53.25 64.82
231 Ghent University (UGent), Belgium 68.87 64.51
232 University of Bern (UniBE), Switzerland 66.98 64.11
233 University of Ottawa (uOttawa), Canada 64.44 63.75
234 National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Japan 67.48 63.06
235 Medical Research Council (MRC), United Kingdom (UK) 55.07 63.01
236 University of Regensburg (UR), Germany 75.58 62.91
237 Southwest University (SWU), China 43.01 62.75
238 University of Montreal (UdeM), Canada 63.53 62.36
239 The Francis Crick Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 44.79 62.19
240 Keio University, Japan 68.69 62.11
241 University of Cincinnati (UC), United States of America (USA) 60.79 62.11
242 University of Nebraska-Lincoln (UNL), United States of America (USA) 70.99 61.73
243 National Tsing Hua University (NTHU), Taiwan 58.61 61.45
244 University of Helsinki, Finland 51.70 60.82
245 The University of Nottingham (UoN), United Kingdom (UK) 66.84 60.74
246 Florida State University (FSU), United States of America (USA) 69.72 60.22
247 University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMass Medical School), United States of America (USA) 65.06 59.47
248 People's Liberation Army (PLA), China 56.79 59.19
249 Grenoble Alpes University (UGA), France 57.95 58.71
250 University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 54.34 58.15
251 University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC), United States of America (USA) 68.84 58.04
252 Dartmouth College, United States of America (USA) 39.71 57.83
253 University of Strasbourg, France 64.72 57.49
254 Oregon State University, United States of America (USA) 57.50 57.10
255 University of São Paulo (USP), Brazil 50.22 56.92
256 Korea University, South Korea 62.39 56.42
257 University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus (CU Anschutz), United States of America (USA) 50.62 56.39
258 Polish Academy of Sciences (PAS), Poland 49.00 56.26
259 Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM), Spain 76.44 56.14
260 Ruhr University Bochum (RUB), Germany 55.38 56.11
261 European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Switzerland 53.80 55.89
262 University of Lausanne (UNIL), Switzerland 50.47 55.34
263 KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden 50.77 54.97
264 F. Hoffmann-La Roche AG, Switzerland 43.91 54.75
265 University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Spain 56.09 54.73
266 University of Cologne (UoC), Germany 69.62 54.57
267 Vienna University of Technology (TU Wien), Austria 48.87 54.04
268 University of Birmingham (UB), United Kingdom (UK) 49.62 53.88
269 Beihang University (BUAA), China 50.01 53.84
270 University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 69.22 53.66
271 University of Oregon (UO), United States of America (USA) 61.25 53.54
272 Albert Einstein College of Medicine (Einstein), United States of America (USA) 53.07 53.49
273 University of Calgary (U of C), Canada 54.45 53.39
274 Beijing University of Chemical Technology (BUCT), China 48.08 53.13
275 University of Houston (UH), United States of America (USA) 55.66 53.05
276 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 43.64 52.94
277 Shandong Normal University (SDNU), China 34.39 52.39
278 Beijing Institute of Technology (BIT), China 53.84 52.15
279 The University of Kansas (KU), United States of America (USA) 44.85 51.92
280 Wageningen University & Research (WUR), Netherlands 32.89 51.88
281 Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI), Switzerland 50.04 51.70
282 Nanjing Tech University (NanjingTech), China 42.45 50.75
283 Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics (PI), Canada 33.70 50.72
284 University of Toulouse, France 50.72 50.42
285 University of Delaware (UD), United States of America (USA) 47.22 49.99
286 Leipzig University, Germany 47.34 49.93
287 Scientific Institute for Research, Hospitalization and Healthcare (IRCCS), Italy 41.41 49.65
288 Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), India 44.60 49.53
289 The City University of New York (CUNY), United States of America (USA) 44.42 48.81
290 Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU), Russia 42.63 48.19
291 Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU), United States of America (USA) 56.70 47.83
292 The University of Dublin, Ireland 47.66 47.78
293 Tufts University, United States of America (USA) 49.23 47.75
294 IBM Corporation, United States of America (USA) 42.90 47.71
295 Aix-Marseille University (AMU), France 46.98 47.66
296 University of Miami (UM), United States of America (USA) 55.54 47.45
297 Western University (UWO), Canada 44.20 47.27
298 Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IIT Bombay), India 50.94 47.24
299 McMaster University, Canada 49.30 47.24
300 The University of New Mexico (UNM), United States of America (USA) 41.00 47.21
301 Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU), Israel 42.48 47.15
302 Carnegie Institution for Science (CIS), United States of America (USA) 42.20 46.81
303 National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), United States of America (USA) 49.01 46.80
304 Philipps University of Marburg (Uni Marburg), Germany 45.41 46.06
305 University at Buffalo, The State University of New York (SUNY UB), United States of America (USA) 65.01 45.93
306 Central South University (CSU), China 25.56 45.86
307 University of Hawai'i at Manoa (UH Mānoa), United States of America (USA) 56.56 45.81
308 University of Lyon, France 48.68 45.77
309 Hanyang University (HYU), South Korea 52.14 45.65
310 Central China Normal University (CCNU), China 43.50 45.58
311 Sandia National Laboratories, United States of America (USA) 43.78 45.28
312 European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Germany 45.66 45.05
313 University of Valencia (UV), Spain 49.71 44.92
314 Temple University, United States of America (USA) 56.09 44.79
315 Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), United Kingdom (UK) 44.58 44.42
316 City University of Hong Kong (CityU), China 43.65 43.85
317 Brandeis University, United States of America (USA) 46.80 43.84
318 University of Bayreuth (UBT), Germany 54.99 43.81
319 Louisiana State University (LSU), United States of America (USA) 34.26 43.22
320 University of Duisburg-Essen (UDE), Germany 35.15 43.02
321 Fuzhou University (FZU), China 28.62 42.97
322 University of Kentucky (UK), United States of America (USA) 38.45 42.90
323 University of York, United Kingdom (UK) 44.13 42.70
324 Mayo Clinic, United States of America (USA) 54.01 42.67
325 The University of Western Australia (UWA), Australia 34.09 42.65
326 University of Montpellier, France 43.08 42.54
327 TU Dortmund University, Germany 29.45 41.96
328 Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Belgium 45.53 41.70
329 The University of Tennessee at Knoxville (UTK), United States of America (USA) 40.21 41.70
330 Novartis International AG, Switzerland 41.29 41.58
331 VU Amsterdam, Netherlands 56.24 41.57
332 Shanghai University (SHU), China 32.68 41.50
333 University of Science and Technology Beijing (USTB), China 34.36 41.38
334 Cardiff University, United Kingdom (UK) 48.44 41.27
335 University of Konstanz, Germany 49.45 41.20
336 University of South Carolina - Columbia (SC), United States of America (USA) 36.91 41.19
337 Aalto University, Finland 45.73 41.05
338 University of Padova (UNIPD), Italy 38.42 40.87
339 University of Stuttgart, Germany 47.00 40.76
340 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), United States of America (USA) 45.18 40.43
341 Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST), South Korea 32.52 40.39
342 University of Sherbrooke (USherbrooke), Canada 25.82 40.37
343 Sapienza University of Rome, Italy 37.41 40.21
344 Northeast Normal University (NENU), China 25.50 40.12
345 University of Tsukuba, Japan 61.92 40.09
346 Washington State University (WSU), United States of America (USA) 34.17 40.05
347 The University of Texas at Dallas (UT Dallas), United States of America (USA) 31.79 39.75
348 Salk Institute for Biological Studies (Salk), United States of America (USA) 50.40 39.66
349 The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Australia 52.37 39.43
350 Newcastle University, United Kingdom (UK) 39.64 39.34
351 China University of Geosciences (CUG), China 37.19 38.92
352 Complutense University of Madrid (UCM), Spain 39.11 38.63
353 Friedrich Schiller University Jena (FSU), Germany 43.21 38.47
354 Chongqing University (CQU), China 30.66 38.38
355 Pasteur Institute, France 39.22 38.34
356 Chalmers University of Technology (Chalmers), Sweden 40.15 38.33
357 National Scientific and Technical Research Council (CONICET), Argentina 41.79 38.30
358 Austrian Academy of Sciences (ÖAW), Austria 32.37 38.23
359 University of Bordeaux, France 32.37 38.11
360 The University of Adelaide (Adelaide Uni), Australia 34.21 38.09
361 The University of Oklahoma (OU), United States of America (USA) 39.75 37.98
362 Northeastern University (NEU), United States of America (USA) 36.83 37.78
363 Linköping University (LiU), Sweden 30.10 37.72
364 Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI), United States of America (USA) 34.99 37.48
365 The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU), China 35.42 37.36
366 Italian Institute of Technology (IIT), Italy 35.75 37.00
367 HHMI Janelia Research Campus, United States of America (USA) 44.98 36.95
368 The University of Akron (UAkron), United States of America (USA) 38.88 36.73
369 National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and Environment (INRAE), France 42.26 36.55
370 University of South Florida (USF), United States of America (USA) 43.54 36.39
371 Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IIT Madras), India 26.22 36.29
372 University of Sussex, United Kingdom (UK) 30.58 36.17
373 Wayne State University, United States of America (USA) 49.21 35.96
374 St. Jude Children's Research Hospital (St. Jude), United States of America (USA) 48.43 35.90
375 Merck & Co., Inc., United States of America (USA) 29.74 35.51
376 University of Strathclyde, United Kingdom (UK) 27.44 35.50
377 University of Maryland, Baltimore (UMB), United States of America (USA) 39.80 35.35
378 University of Milan (UNIMI), Italy 24.46 35.23
379 National Institute for Astrophysics (INAF), Italy 37.99 34.86
380 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Pune (IISER Pune), India 37.81 34.85
381 Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB), Spain 23.93 34.78
382 Northwest University (NWU), China 28.02 34.63
383 University of Warsaw (UW), Poland 33.61 34.58
384 National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico 36.69 34.57
385 Hungarian Academy of Sciences (HAS), Hungary 38.93 34.48
386 China Pharmaceutical University (CPU), China 20.72 34.38
387 University of Lisbon (ULISBOA), Portugal 39.59 34.35
388 University of Missouri (Mizzou), United States of America (USA) 34.23 34.30
389 Nanjing University of Science and Technology (NUST), China 25.51 34.05
390 University of East Anglia (UEA), United Kingdom (UK) 18.20 33.96
391 National Chiao Tung University (NCTU), Taiwan 38.57 33.77
392 Smithsonian Institution, United States of America (USA) 44.17 33.77
393 Simon Fraser University (SFU), Canada 33.41 33.64
394 Ulm University, Germany 37.68 33.59
395 Shenzhen University (SZU), China 17.09 33.50
396 University of Innsbruck (LFU), Austria 37.62 33.29
397 Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), United Kingdom (UK) 30.56 33.28
398 University of Florence (UNIFI), Italy 27.12 33.25
399 University of Victoria (UVic), Canada 25.03 33.08
400 Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur (IIT Kanpur), India 28.02 33.07
401 University of Bremen (Uni Bremen), Germany 26.67 32.90
402 University of Wollongong (UOW), Australia 29.91 32.84
403 University of Bath, United Kingdom (UK) 35.94 32.82
404 Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College (CAMS & PUMC), China 29.76 32.72
405 Waseda University, Japan 26.51 32.47
406 Wellcome Sanger Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 25.89 32.31
407 University of Santiago de Compostela (USC), Spain 33.43 32.19
408 Wuhan University of Technology (WUT), China 23.26 31.99
409 Dalhousie University, Canada 23.84 31.94
410 Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science (IACS), India 29.00 31.83
411 University of Gothenburg (GU), Sweden 34.17 31.81
412 University of Otago, New Zealand 31.78 31.54
413 Jagiellonian University (UJ), Poland 25.76 31.44
414 NWO-I, the Institutes Organisation of NWO, Netherlands 35.02 31.37
415 China Agricultural University (CAU), China 26.53 31.35
416 Shaanxi Normal University (SNNU), China 21.05 31.25
417 The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth), United States of America (USA) 25.67 31.14
418 Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center (FHCRC), United States of America (USA) 35.72 31.02
419 Jinan University (JNU), China 18.47 30.81
420 University of Kiel (CAU), Germany 39.91 30.70
421 Leibniz University Hannover (LUH), Germany 27.32 30.54
422 Technical University of Darmstadt (TU Darmstadt), Germany 40.16 30.45
423 Institute of Research for Development (IRD), France 32.68 30.39
424 The University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB), United States of America (USA) 40.44 30.30
425 Charles University (CU), Czech Republic 28.81 30.19
426 Curtin University, Australia 37.35 30.17
427 National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV), Italy 33.11 30.02
428 Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), United States of America (USA) 37.75 29.90
429 AstraZeneca plc, United Kingdom (UK) 31.19 29.83
430 Ewha Womans University (Ewha), South Korea 32.82 29.66
431 Boston College (BC), United States of America (USA) 30.51 29.50
432 Bar-Ilan University (BIU), Israel 32.11 29.43
433 Ocean University of China (OUC), China 20.41 29.37
434 National Institute of Applied Sciences (INSA), France 30.49 29.36
435 Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU), Germany 24.63 29.21
436 Umeå University (UMU), Sweden 25.52 29.12
437 Okayama University, Japan 25.76 28.97
438 Hiroshima University (HU), Japan 31.10 28.91
439 Technical University Braunschweig (TU Braunschweig), Germany 25.55 28.64
440 University of Bologna (UNIBO), Italy 32.21 28.31
441 University of Nevada, Reno (UNR), United States of America (USA) 24.14 28.21
442 Cleveland Clinic, United States of America (USA) 24.91 28.17
443 Kobe University, Japan 30.21 28.13
444 National Institutes of Natural Sciences (NINS), Japan 28.60 28.00
445 The University of Auckland, New Zealand 20.73 27.49
446 Kanazawa University (KU), Japan 28.96 27.42
447 Changzhou University (CZU), China 14.89 27.14
448 Nanjing Normal University (NNU), China 20.96 27.11
449 Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati (SISSA), Italy 23.58 27.08
450 Shanxi University (SXU), China 18.59 27.00
451 Laval University (UL), Canada 23.65 26.97
452 Beijing University of Technology (BJUT), China 21.27 26.70
453 University of Liège (ULg), Belgium 27.20 26.70
454 Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU), United States of America (USA) 36.87 26.69
455 U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), United States of America (USA) 22.43 26.69
456 Drexel University, United States of America (USA) 28.60 26.67
457 National Cheng Kung University (NCKU), Taiwan 24.20 26.44
458 Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS), China 21.13 26.35
459 University of Central Florida (UCF), United States of America (USA) 25.44 26.27
460 University of Dundee, United Kingdom (UK) 31.38 26.24
461 École Normale Supérieure (ENS Paris), France 24.01 26.23
462 University of Antwerp (UA), Belgium 28.48 26.22
463 Lancaster University, United Kingdom (UK) 21.77 26.21
464 Catholic University of Louvain (UCLouvain), Belgium 36.33 25.97
465 U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, United States of America (USA) 30.90 25.85
466 Zhengzhou University (ZZU), China 23.99 25.79
467 University of Milano-Bicocca (UNIMIB), Italy 24.08 25.73
468 National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), United States of America (USA) 29.06 25.67
469 Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR), India 29.44 25.53
470 West Virginia University (WVU), United States of America (USA) 20.37 25.51
471 Georgia State University (GSU), United States of America (USA) 21.25 25.45
472 University of Electronic Science and Technology of China (UESTC), China 20.86 25.44
473 Clemson University, United States of America (USA) 29.46 25.36
474 Queen's University Belfast (QUB), United Kingdom (UK) 25.70 25.35
475 University of Turin (UNITO), Italy 27.08 25.31
476 University of Saskatchewan (U of S), Canada 31.42 25.18
477 Queen's University, Canada 29.58 25.13
478 Kyung Hee University (KHU), South Korea 24.23 25.02
479 University of Twente (UTwente), Netherlands 31.17 24.91
480 Institute of Science and Technology Austria (IST Austria), Austria 16.43 24.87
481 Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur (IIT Kharagpur), India 13.37 24.85
482 China Academy of Engineering Physics (CAEP), China 22.47 24.66
483 Griffith University, Australia 21.72 24.60
484 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), United States of America (USA) 26.78 24.55
485 Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway 23.95 24.51
486 Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf (HHU), Germany 32.84 24.49
487 Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL), United States of America (USA) 18.61 24.49
488 Macquarie University, Australia 20.91 24.49
489 Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (EAWAG), Switzerland 32.29 24.41
490 Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute (SBP), United States of America (USA) 22.79 24.14
491 University of Bergen (UIB), Norway 18.21 24.05
492 University of Fribourg (UNIFR), Switzerland 18.01 23.96
493 Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC), Canada 22.29 23.84
494 Giessen University (JLU), Germany 20.17 23.72
495 South China Normal University (SCNU), China 14.77 23.59
496 Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC), United States of America (USA) 25.00 23.52
497 ShanghaiTech University, China 10.09 23.40
498 Pfizer Inc., United States of America (USA) 28.05 23.31
499 China Meteorological Administration (CMA), China 19.44 23.29
500 European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF), France 23.57 23.27

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.