2018 tables: Institutions

Table criteria

The 2018 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2017 to 31 December 2017.

2017 Institution Share 2016 Share 2017
1 Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), China 1591.19 1527.63
2 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 877.72 902.58
3 Max Planck Society, Germany 765.8 745.16
4 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 770.45 725.95
5 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 603.7 614.09
6 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 580.04 534.07
7 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 527.56 507.16
8 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 427.14 470.5
9 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 438.57 419.81
10 University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 384.79 406.84
11 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 466.95 405.45
12 Peking University (PKU), China 386.42 393.38
13 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 354.97 382.19
14 National Institutes of Health (NIH), United States of America (USA) 341.5 376.43
15 Tsinghua University, China 315.87 353.04
16 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 321.43 334.61
17 Nanjing University (NJU), China 319.47 328.46
18 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 333.98 328
19 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 328.07 320.76
20 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 311.04 307.96
21 Kyoto University, Japan 264.34 307.04
22 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 307.03 307.01
23 University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), China 275.83 304.79
24 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 349.15 302.69
25 Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA) 284.07 295.68
26 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 291.99 284.76
27 University of Pennsylvania (Penn), United States of America (USA) 260.77 278.78
28 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 267.93 268.74
29 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 288.86 268.25
30 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 257.71 260.68
31 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS), China 159.32 259.66
32 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 259.89 256.62
33 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 229 250.45
34 Zhejiang University (ZJU), China 220.34 242.33
35 Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore 234.76 241.82
36 Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 244.25 240.37
37 National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore 209.6 229.88
38 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 251.1 223.27
39 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 208.41 223.11
40 Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL), United States of America (USA) 193.58 209.03
41 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 216.15 208.03
42 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 234.26 207.43
43 Fudan University, China 184.54 206.02
44 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 233.72 201.28
45 University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA) 188.21 200.69
46 Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain 211.19 200.34
47 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 203.44 198.82
48 The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), United States of America (USA) 182.62 197.23
49 University College London (UCL), United Kingdom (UK) 203.2 189.95
50 Osaka University, Japan 196.71 188.12
51 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 176.57 186.92
52 Leibniz Association, Germany 208.25 186.23
53 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), United States of America (USA) 180.82 185.77
54 University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), United States of America (USA) 200.92 185.54
55 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 181.51 181.12
56 Duke University, United States of America (USA) 209.28 179.41
57 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 169.17 175.71
58 Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Russia 172.05 175.45
59 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 181.09 175.41
60 Texas A&M University (TAMU), United States of America (USA) 135.83 171.18
61 New York University (NYU), United States of America (USA) 165.69 169.73
62 Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU), China 128.29 168.91
63 University of California, Irvine (UCI), United States of America (USA) 164.5 164.51
64 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 156.57 164.5
65 Seoul National University (SNU), South Korea 165.97 164.35
66 Soochow University, China 150.23 161.05
67 Wuhan University (WHU), China 122.07 159.81
68 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 138.17 159.38
69 Nankai University (NKU), China 152.94 155.64
70 The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center (UT Southwestern Medical Center), United States of America (USA) 127.43 153.56
71 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 119.13 153.24
72 Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), South Korea 157.77 152.94
73 RIKEN, Japan 155.91 151.81
74 Sun Yat-sen University (SYSU), China 117.48 151.64
75 University of California, Davis (UC Davis), United States of America (USA) 145.01 150.35
76 University of Pittsburgh (Pitt), United States of America (USA) 145.31 149.42
77 Purdue University, United States of America (USA) 145.62 148.55
78 Scripps Research, United States of America (USA) 153.8 148.14
79 McGill University, Canada 174.12 148.07
80 Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), United States of America (USA) 145.87 147.69
81 Xiamen University (XMU), China 124.4 146.2
82 Tohoku University, Japan 175.31 142.74
83 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 152.79 141.9
84 The University of Utah (Utah), United States of America (USA) 108.5 135.03
85 The Ohio State University (OSU), United States of America (USA) 145.71 134.17
86 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 145.39 131.71
87 National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), United States of America (USA) 151.17 130.84
88 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 121.71 130.74
89 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (RU), United States of America (USA) 156.68 129.6
90 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 143.52 127.78
91 Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), Japan 138.03 127.59
92 Sichuan University (SCU), China 101.98 126.88
93 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 126.46 126.67
94 Vanderbilt University (VU), United States of America (USA) 116 121.48
95 Nagoya University, Japan 133.29 121.08
96 The University of British Columbia (UBC), Canada 130.36 120.49
97 Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium 115.14 120.27
98 University of Würzburg (JMU), Germany 100.59 118.86
99 University of Florida (UF), United States of America (USA) 113.63 118.46
100 Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), United States of America (USA) 119.55 118.22
101 The University of Queensland (UQ), Australia 118.28 117.92
102 University of Southern California (USC), United States of America (USA) 134.66 117.86
103 Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), United States of America (USA) 111.22 117.5
104 National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN), Italy 120.3 117.18
105 Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HUJI), Israel 121.2 116.85
106 Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), India 132.88 116.54
107 Hokkaido University, Japan 118.39 116.1
108 Rice University, United States of America (USA) 105.57 116.05
109 Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST), China 91.72 114.37
110 National Research Council (CNR), Italy 125.96 112.82
111 University of Münster (WWU), Germany 102.27 112.5
112 Monash University, Australia 132.32 111.88
113 University of Groningen (RUG), Netherlands 104.36 111.69
114 Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC), United States of America (USA) 90.62 111.17
115 King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Saudi Arabia 107.96 111.02
116 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 116.98 110.85
117 University of Basel (UB), Switzerland 103.67 110.13
118 The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST), China 101.23 109.42
119 Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology (BIST), Spain 119.22 107.93
120 Sorbonne University, France 105.48 107.45
121 Lanzhou University (LZU), China 101.21 107.4
122 University of Göttingen, Germany 98 104.92
123 University of California, Riverside (UCR), United States of America (USA) 99.09 104.16
124 University of New South Wales (UNSW Sydney), Australia 122.54 102.43
125 Arizona State University (ASU), United States of America (USA) 96.66 101.65
126 Jilin University (JLU), China 89.93 101.36
127 Indiana University (IU), United States of America (USA) 114.69 101.11
128 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), United States of America (USA) 98.15 100.98
129 Emory University, United States of America (USA) 101.1 100.62
130 The Rockefeller University, United States of America (USA) 97.54 100.45
131 The French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), France 116.67 99.41
132 University of Alberta (U of A), Canada 106.42 99.4
133 South China University of Technology (SCUT), China 77.86 97.38
134 Uppsala University (UU), Sweden 94.95 97.37
135 Kyushu University, Japan 113.79 97.01
136 Boston University (BU), United States of America (USA) 110.99 95.49
137 National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), United States of America (USA) 98.32 94.77
138 University of Freiburg (Uni Freiburg), Germany 74.68 94.77
139 RWTH Aachen University (RWTH Aachen), Germany 92.39 93.52
140 Free University of Berlin (FU Berlin), Germany 86.81 93.52
141 The University of Hong Kong (HKU), China 72.91 93.48
142 Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), Germany 94.84 93.09
143 Dresden University of Technology (TU Dresden), Germany 84.85 90.86
144 Tel Aviv University (TAU), Israel 75.77 90.66
145 The University of Arizona (Arizona), United States of America (USA) 92.92 89.93
146 Baylor College of Medicine (BCM), United States of America (USA) 93.45 89.63
147 Shandong University (SDU), China 89.65 89.48
148 Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT), China 78.45 89.05
149 The University of Melbourne (UniMelb), Australia 100.16 88.77
150 Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU), China 73.28 88.75
151 Hunan University (HNU), China 82.74 88.46
152 Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), United States of America (USA) 94.58 88.43
153 University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU), Germany 82.74 88.08
154 Czech Academy of Sciences (CAS), Czech Republic 74.5 88.06
155 North Carolina State University (NCSU), United States of America (USA) 83.99 87.78
156 National Institute for Health and Medical Research (INSERM), France 88.92 87.6
157 Beijing Normal University (BNU), China 76 86.92
158 Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), South Korea 100.18 86.62
159 U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), United States of America (USA) 93.8 86.43
160 University of Massachusetts Amherst (UMass Amherst), United States of America (USA) 80.19 86.34
161 East China Normal University (ECNU), China 76.75 86.32
162 Leiden University, Netherlands 81.23 85.79
163 Technion-Israel Institute of Technology (IIT), Israel 106.64 84.81
164 Australian National University (ANU), Australia 102.56 84.59
165 Indian Institute of Science (IISc), India 86.77 84.53
166 Lund University (LU), Sweden 95.62 83.89
167 Brown University, United States of America (USA) 80.64 83.21
168 National Taiwan University (NTU), Taiwan 91.82 82.43
169 East China University of Science and Technology (ECUST), China 86.9 82.41
170 Stockholm University, Sweden 77.5 82.17
171 State University of New York at Stony Brook (SUNY Stony Brook), United States of America (USA) 81.47 82.06
172 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 74.21 81.71
173 Michigan State University (MSU), United States of America (USA) 70.73 81.61
174 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 92.72 80.78
175 Aarhus University (AU), Denmark 95.98 80.35
176 University of Bonn (Uni Bonn), Germany 88.73 80.26
177 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 75.65 79.87
178 Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), Singapore 75.69 79.83
179 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), United States of America (USA) 84.73 79.59
180 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 91.05 79.06
181 Tianjin University (TJU), China 69.5 78.59
182 University of Virginia (UVA), United States of America (USA) 72.03 78.36
183 University of Amsterdam (UvA), Netherlands 77.47 78.16
184 Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), South Korea 63 77.62
185 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, United States of America (USA) 85.99 77.3
186 Radboud University Nijmegen (RU), Netherlands 95.43 77.15
187 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 71.54 76.97
188 The University of Warwick (Warwick), United Kingdom (UK) 81.09 76.47
189 Karolinska Institute (KI), Sweden 73.86 76.21
190 Colorado State University, United States of America (USA) 58.93 76.02
191 Southeast University (SEU), China 66.07 75.78
192 University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen), Germany 71.47 75.74
193 Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU), South Korea 75.04 75.59
194 University of Montreal (UdeM), Canada 78.58 75.28
195 Tongji University, China 59.76 75.28
196 Yonsei University, South Korea 91.1 74.17
197 Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Denmark 79.49 73.71
198 National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Japan 77.31 73.52
199 Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), United States of America (USA) 76.67 72.84
200 University of Paris-Sud (UPSud), France 73.07 72.83
201 University of Paris, France 67.11 72.78
202 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 88.37 72.68
203 University of Connecticut (UConn), United States of America (USA) 46.06 71.87
204 Institute for Basic Science (IBS), South Korea 70.81 71.54
205 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech), United States of America (USA) 58.75 71.39
206 The University of Iowa (UI), United States of America (USA) 81.86 71.31
207 Academia Sinica, Taiwan 77.13 70.45
208 University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC), United States of America (USA) 57.31 69.46
209 University of Barcelona (UB), Spain 70.71 69.37
210 Humboldt University of Berlin (HU Berlin), Germany 71.22 69.3
211 U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), United States of America (USA) 73.84 69.21
212 The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK), China 64.98 69.14
213 University of Waterloo, Canada 71.51 68.48
214 Case Western Reserve University (CWRU), United States of America (USA) 83.12 68.38
215 University of Rochester (UR), United States of America (USA) 77.92 68.32
216 Southern University of Science and Technology (SUSTech), China 30.64 68.07
217 The University of Sydney (USYD), Australia 79.34 68.06
218 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), United States of America (USA) 75.95 67.75
219 Goethe University Frankfurt am Main (GU), Germany 68.12 67.72
220 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 73.55 67.3
221 The University of Georgia (UGA), United States of America (USA) 79.43 67.21
222 Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin), Germany 63.29 67.17
223 Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e), Netherlands 67.2 66.96
224 Iowa State University, United States of America (USA) 60.92 66.77
225 University of Vienna, Austria 61.2 66.69
226 University of Oslo (UiO), Norway 60.55 66.48
227 University of Notre Dame (ND), United States of America (USA) 65.54 66.25
228 The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom (UK) 68.35 65.82
229 Mount Sinai Health System (MSHS), United States of America (USA) 72.64 64.94
230 Homi Bhabha National Institute (HBNI), India 53.25 64.8
231 Ghent University (UGent), Belgium 68.68 64.31
232 Dalian University of Technology (DUT), China 45.6 63.99
233 University of Bern (UniBE), Switzerland 66.69 63.99
234 University of Ottawa (uOttawa), Canada 64.44 63.74
235 University of Regensburg (UR), Germany 75.58 62.83
236 Southwest University (SWU), China 43.01 62.75
237 Medical Research Council (MRC), United Kingdom (UK) 55.07 62.63
238 National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Japan 67.48 62.28
239 The Francis Crick Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 44.54 62.16
240 Keio University, Japan 68.69 62.11
241 University of Cincinnati (UC), United States of America (USA) 60.79 61.88
242 National Tsing Hua University (NTHU), Taiwan 58.86 61.45
243 University of Nebraska-Lincoln (UNL), United States of America (USA) 70.99 61.01
244 The University of Nottingham (UoN), United Kingdom (UK) 66.84 60.69
245 Florida State University (FSU), United States of America (USA) 71.63 60.55
246 Grenoble Alpes University (UGA), France 60 60.54
247 University of Helsinki, Finland 51.7 60.12
248 University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMass Medical School), United States of America (USA) 64.79 58.13
249 Dartmouth College, United States of America (USA) 39.72 57.84
250 People's Liberation Army (PLA), China 56.85 57.24
251 University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 54.34 57.21
252 University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC), United States of America (USA) 68.97 57.07
253 University of São Paulo (USP), Brazil 50.22 56.82
254 University of Strasbourg, France 64.71 56.77
255 Oregon State University, United States of America (USA) 57.5 56.51
256 Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM), Spain 76.44 56.03
257 Polish Academy of Sciences (PAS), Poland 49 55.99
258 University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus (CU Anschutz), United States of America (USA) 50.62 55.96
259 Ruhr University Bochum (RUB), Germany 55.37 55.93
260 Korea University, South Korea 62.39 55.63
261 European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Switzerland 53.8 55.28
262 University of Lausanne (UNIL), Switzerland 50.47 54.93
263 KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden 50.77 54.92
264 University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Spain 56.09 54.58
265 University of Cologne (UoC), Germany 69.63 54.52
266 Vienna University of Technology (TU Wien), Austria 48.87 54.04
267 Beihang University (BUAA), China 50.01 53.73
268 F. Hoffmann-La Roche AG, Switzerland 43.91 53.7
269 University of Birmingham (UB), United Kingdom (UK) 49.62 53.51
270 Beijing University of Chemical Technology (BUCT), China 48.08 53.13
271 University of Calgary (U of C), Canada 54.45 53.12
272 University of Oregon (UO), United States of America (USA) 61.25 53.08
273 University of Houston (UH), United States of America (USA) 55.66 53.02
274 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 43.64 52.89
275 Albert Einstein College of Medicine (Einstein), United States of America (USA) 53.06 52.71
276 Shandong Normal University (SDNU), China 34.39 52.39
277 Beijing Institute of Technology (BIT), China 53.84 52.15
278 Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI), Switzerland 50.04 51.7
279 Wageningen University & Research (WUR), Netherlands 32.83 51.68
280 University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 68.28 51.29
281 Nanjing Tech University (NanjingTech), China 42.45 50.75
282 Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics (PI), Canada 33.7 50.72
283 University of Toulouse, France 50.71 50.16
284 The University of Kansas (KU), United States of America (USA) 44.85 49.98
285 Leipzig University, Germany 47.34 49.93
286 Carnegie Institution for Science (CIS), United States of America (USA) 45.5 49.58
287 Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), India 44.6 49.45
288 University of Delaware (UD), United States of America (USA) 47.22 49.39
289 The City University of New York (CUNY), United States of America (USA) 44.42 48.81
290 The University of Dublin, Ireland 49.34 48.68
291 Scientific Institute for Research, Hospitalization and Healthcare (IRCCS), Italy 41.33 47.86
292 IBM Corporation, United States of America (USA) 42.89 47.7
293 Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU), Russia 42.63 47.6
294 Tufts University, United States of America (USA) 48.96 47.46
295 Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IIT Bombay), India 50.94 47.24
296 The University of New Mexico (UNM), United States of America (USA) 41 47.19
297 Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU), Israel 42.48 47.15
298 Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU), United States of America (USA) 56.7 47.1
299 Aix-Marseille University (AMU), France 46.97 46.91
300 McMaster University, Canada 49.3 46.82
301 University of Miami (UM), United States of America (USA) 55.53 46.67
302 National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), United States of America (USA) 49.01 46.42
303 Western University (UWO), Canada 44.2 46.24
304 University of Lyon, France 49.45 46.17
305 University at Buffalo, The State University of New York (SUNY UB), United States of America (USA) 65.31 46.16
306 Philipps University of Marburg (Uni Marburg), Germany 45.41 46.04
307 Central South University (CSU), China 25.56 45.86
308 University of Hawai'i at Manoa (UH Mānoa), United States of America (USA) 56.56 45.59
309 Hanyang University (HYU), South Korea 52.14 45.56
310 Central China Normal University (CCNU), China 43.5 45.46
311 Sandia National Laboratories, United States of America (USA) 43.78 45.25
312 University of Valencia (UV), Spain 49.71 44.86
313 European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Germany 45.66 44.74
314 Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), United Kingdom (UK) 44.58 44.24
315 City University of Hong Kong (CityU), China 43.77 43.83
316 Brandeis University, United States of America (USA) 46.8 43.83
317 University of Bayreuth (UBT), Germany 54.99 43.81
318 Temple University, United States of America (USA) 56.1 43.5
319 Louisiana State University (LSU), United States of America (USA) 34.26 43.19
320 University of Duisburg-Essen (UDE), Germany 35.17 43.02
321 Fuzhou University (FZU), China 28.62 42.97
322 University of Kentucky (UK), United States of America (USA) 38.45 42.89
323 University of York, United Kingdom (UK) 44.39 42.78
324 The University of Western Australia (UWA), Australia 34.04 42.56
325 University of Montpellier, France 42.67 42.13
326 TU Dortmund University, Germany 29.45 41.81
327 Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Belgium 45.53 41.64
328 The University of Tennessee at Knoxville (UTK), United States of America (USA) 40.25 41.61
329 Novartis International AG, Switzerland 41.29 41.58
330 University of Science and Technology Beijing (USTB), China 34.36 41.38
331 University of Konstanz, Germany 49.45 41.2
332 University of South Carolina - Columbia (SC), United States of America (USA) 36.91 41.18
333 VU University Amsterdam, Netherlands 56.14 41.15
334 Mayo Clinic, United States of America (USA) 54.01 41.07
335 University of Padova (UNIPD), Italy 38.42 40.83
336 University of Stuttgart, Germany 46.99 40.75
337 Shanghai University (SHU), China 32.68 40.64
338 Aalto University, Finland 45.73 40.55
339 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), United States of America (USA) 45.18 40.26
340 Cardiff University, United Kingdom (UK) 48.44 40.23
341 Sapienza University of Rome, Italy 37.41 40.16
342 Washington State University (WSU), United States of America (USA) 34.17 40.04
343 Northeast Normal University (NENU), China 25.5 39.95
344 University of Tsukuba, Japan 61.92 39.94
345 Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST), South Korea 32.52 39.69
346 Salk Institute for Biological Studies (Salk), United States of America (USA) 50.4 39.47
347 The University of Texas at Dallas (UT Dallas), United States of America (USA) 31.79 39.45
348 The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Australia 52.16 39.39
349 University of Sherbrooke (USherbrooke), Canada 25.82 39.37
350 Newcastle University, United Kingdom (UK) 39.55 39.25
351 Friedrich Schiller University Jena (FSU), Germany 43.55 38.6
352 Complutense University of Madrid (UCM), Spain 39.11 38.42
353 Chongqing University (CQU), China 30.66 38.38
354 Chalmers University of Technology (Chalmers), Sweden 40.15 38.33
355 Pasteur Institute, France 39.21 38.3
356 National Scientific and Technical Research Council (CONICET), Argentina 41.77 38.15
357 Austrian Academy of Sciences (ÖAW), Austria 32.37 38.14
358 University of Bordeaux, France 32.37 38.06
359 The University of Adelaide (Adelaide Uni), Australia 34.21 37.94
360 China University of Geosciences (CUG), China 37.19 37.87
361 Northeastern University (NEU), United States of America (USA) 36.83 37.77
362 Linköping University (LiU), Sweden 30.1 37.71
363 The University of Oklahoma (OU), United States of America (USA) 39.75 37.59
364 Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI), United States of America (USA) 34.99 37.48
365 The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU), China 35.45 37.33
366 Italian Institute of Technology (IIT), Italy 35.64 36.95
367 HHMI Janelia Farm Research Campus, United States of America (USA) 44.98 36.95
368 University of Sussex, United Kingdom (UK) 30.82 36.5
369 The University of Akron (UAkron), United States of America (USA) 38.88 36.48
370 University of South Florida (USF), United States of America (USA) 43.54 36.38
371 Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IIT Madras), India 26.22 36.22
372 National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and Environment (INRAE), France 42.24 36.11
373 St. Jude Children's Research Hospital (St. Jude), United States of America (USA) 48.43 35.8
374 Merck & Co., Inc., United States of America (USA) 29.74 35.51
375 University of Strathclyde, United Kingdom (UK) 27.44 35.5
376 Wayne State University, United States of America (USA) 49.21 35.31
377 University of Maryland, Baltimore (UMB), United States of America (USA) 39.79 35.23
378 University of Milan (UNIMI), Italy 24.48 35.03
379 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Pune (IISER Pune), India 37.81 34.85
380 Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB), Spain 25.3 34.75
381 National Institute for Astrophysics (INAF), Italy 37.99 34.69
382 Northwest University (NWU), China 28.02 34.63
383 University of Warsaw (UW), Poland 33.61 34.56
384 University of Lisbon (ULISBOA), Portugal 40.47 34.45
385 China Pharmaceutical University (CPU), China 20.72 34.38
386 University of Missouri (Mizzou), United States of America (USA) 34.23 34.29
387 Hungarian Academy of Sciences (HAS), Hungary 38.93 34.28
388 Nanjing University of Science and Technology (NUST), China 25.51 34.05
389 National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico 36.69 33.85
390 National Chiao Tung University (NCTU), Taiwan 38.57 33.77
391 Smithsonian Institution, United States of America (USA) 44.17 33.75
392 University of East Anglia (UEA), United Kingdom (UK) 18.2 33.62
393 Shenzhen University (SZU), China 17.09 33.4
394 University of Florence (UNIFI), Italy 27.46 33.39
395 Simon Fraser University (SFU), Canada 33.41 33.38
396 Ulm University, Germany 37.68 33.29
397 University of Innsbruck (LFU), Austria 37.62 33.29
398 Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), United Kingdom (UK) 30.7 33.28
399 Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur (IIT Kanpur), India 28.02 33.07
400 University of Victoria (UVic), Canada 25.03 33
401 University of Bremen (Uni Bremen), Germany 26.67 32.84
402 University of Wollongong (UOW), Australia 29.91 32.84
403 Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College (CAMS & PUMC), China 29.76 32.65
404 University of Bath, United Kingdom (UK) 35.94 32.52
405 Waseda University, Japan 26.51 32.46
406 Wuhan University of Technology (WUT), China 23.26 31.99
407 Dalhousie University, Canada 23.84 31.94
408 Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science (IACS), India 29 31.83
409 University of Santiago de Compostela (USC), Spain 33.43 31.79
410 University of Gothenburg (GU), Sweden 34.17 31.76
411 Wellcome Sanger Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 25.89 31.52
412 China Agricultural University (CAU), China 26.57 31.43
413 Jagiellonian University (UJ), Poland 25.73 31.4
414 NWO-I, the Institutes Organisation of NWO, Netherlands 35.02 31.33
415 Shaanxi Normal University (SNNU), China 21.05 31.25
416 The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth), United States of America (USA) 25.67 31.08
417 Jinan University (JNU), China 18.47 30.81
418 University of Otago, New Zealand 31.78 30.77
419 University of Kiel (CAU), Germany 39.89 30.66
420 University of Hannover (LUH), Germany 27.32 30.64
421 Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center (FHCRC), United States of America (USA) 35.72 30.49
422 Darmstadt University of Technology (TU Darmstadt), Germany 40.16 30.45
423 The University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB), United States of America (USA) 40.44 30.19
424 Curtin University, Australia 37.35 30.16
425 Institute of Research for Development (IRD), France 32.67 30
426 AstraZeneca plc, United Kingdom (UK) 31.15 29.87
427 Charles University (CU), Czech Republic 28.92 29.75
428 Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), United States of America (USA) 37.75 29.72
429 Ewha Womans University (Ewha), South Korea 32.82 29.65
430 Boston College (BC), United States of America (USA) 30.51 29.5
431 Bar-Ilan University (BIU), Israel 32.11 29.42
432 National Institute of Applied Sciences (INSA), France 30.49 29.36
433 Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU), Germany 24.72 29.2
434 Okayama University, Japan 25.76 28.95
435 National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV), Italy 33.11 28.93
436 Hiroshima University (HU), Japan 31.1 28.91
437 Umeå University (UMU), Sweden 25.52 28.73
438 Ocean University of China (OUC), China 20.36 28.25
439 University of Bologna (UNIBO), Italy 32.21 28.25
440 University of Nevada, Reno (UNR), United States of America (USA) 24.14 28.07
441 National Institutes of Natural Sciences (NINS), Japan 28.6 28
442 Cleveland Clinic, United States of America (USA) 24.91 27.97
443 Braunschweig University of Technology (TU Braunschweig), Germany 25.55 27.95
444 The University of Auckland, New Zealand 20.73 27.49
445 Kanazawa University (KU), Japan 28.96 27.42
446 Changzhou University (CZU), China 14.89 27.14
447 Kobe University, Japan 30.21 27.1
448 Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati (SISSA), Italy 23.58 27.08
449 Nanjing Normal University (NNU), China 20.96 27.03
450 Shanxi University (SXU), China 18.59 26.99
451 Laval University (UL), Canada 23.65 26.96
452 Drexel University, United States of America (USA) 28.6 26.67
453 Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU), United States of America (USA) 36.87 26.62
454 Beijing University of Technology (BJUT), China 21.44 26.56
455 National Cheng Kung University (NCKU), Taiwan 24.2 26.42
456 Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS), China 21.13 26.3
457 University of Liège (ULg), Belgium 27.19 26.28
458 University of Central Florida (UCF), United States of America (USA) 25.44 26.27
459 University of Antwerp (UA), Belgium 28.48 26.19
460 U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), United States of America (USA) 22.34 26.06
461 École Normale Supérieure (ENS Paris), France 24 25.93
462 Lancaster University, United Kingdom (UK) 21.77 25.87
463 University of Milano-Bicocca (UNIMIB), Italy 24.08 25.72
464 Catholic University of Louvain (UCLouvain), Belgium 35.98 25.65
465 U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, United States of America (USA) 30.86 25.57
466 Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR), India 29.44 25.53
467 University of Dundee, United Kingdom (UK) 31.38 25.53
468 West Virginia University (WVU), United States of America (USA) 20.37 25.51
469 Georgia State University (GSU), United States of America (USA) 21.25 25.45
470 University of Electronic Science and Technology of China (UESTC), China 20.86 25.44
471 Clemson University, United States of America (USA) 29.46 25.36
472 Queen's University Belfast (QUB), United Kingdom (UK) 25.7 25.35
473 Zhengzhou University (ZZU), China 23.81 25.22
474 National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), United States of America (USA) 29.06 25.17
475 Queen's University, Canada 29.58 25.12
476 University of Saskatchewan (U of S), Canada 31.43 25.06
477 University of Twente (UTwente), Netherlands 31.17 25.04
478 Kyung Hee University (KHU), South Korea 24.23 25.02
479 University of Turin (UNITO), Italy 27 24.9
480 Institute of Science and Technology Austria (IST Austria), Austria 16.43 24.87
481 Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur (IIT Kharagpur), India 13.37 24.85
482 Griffith University, Australia 21.72 24.58
483 Macquarie University, Australia 20.91 24.5
484 Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway 23.95 24.5
485 China Academy of Engineering Physics (CAEP), China 22.5 24.5
486 Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL), United States of America (USA) 18.61 24.49
487 Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf (HHU), Germany 32.84 24.28
488 Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (EAWAG), Switzerland 32.29 24.14
489 Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute (SBP), United States of America (USA) 22.79 24.14
490 University of Fribourg (UNIFR), Switzerland 18.01 23.95
491 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), United States of America (USA) 26.78 23.88
492 Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC), Canada 22.29 23.84
493 ShanghaiTech University, China 10.09 23.73
494 South China Normal University (SCNU), China 14.77 23.59
495 Giessen University (JLU), Germany 20.15 23.45
496 Pfizer Inc., United States of America (USA) 27.72 23.3
497 European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF), France 23.57 23.27
498 China Meteorological Administration (CMA), China 19.44 23.14
499 Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati (IIT Guwahati), India 10.55 23.13
500 University of Bergen (UIB), Norway 18.22 23.1

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2019 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.