2018 tables: Institutions

Table criteria

The 2018 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2017 to 31 December 2017.

2017 Institution FC 2016 FC 2017
1 Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), China 1592.44 1529.78
2 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 880.71 906.36
3 Max Planck Society, Germany 765.91 745.16
4 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 768.29 723.81
5 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 603.7 613.94
6 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 576.48 530.36
7 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 524.2 502.42
8 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 427.87 470.39
9 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 437.4 417.57
10 University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 383.03 406.56
11 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 466.63 405.45
12 Peking University (PKU), China 386.16 393.64
13 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 355.64 382.31
14 National Institutes of Health (NIH), United States of America (USA) 341.52 376.63
15 Tsinghua University, China 315.87 354.44
16 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 321.43 334.6
17 Nanjing University (NJU), China 319.47 328.18
18 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 333.78 328.09
19 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 327.07 320.77
20 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 312.04 307.65
21 Kyoto University, Japan 264.34 306.97
22 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 306.86 306.81
23 University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), China 275.83 304.73
24 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 349.15 302.67
25 Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA) 284.82 295.68
26 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 291.99 284.98
27 University of Pennsylvania (Penn), United States of America (USA) 260.77 278.75
28 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 267.93 268.7
29 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 287.79 267.5
30 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 258.28 260.68
31 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS), China 156.86 256.89
32 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 258.89 256.61
33 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 229 250.45
34 Zhejiang University (ZJU), China 220.34 243.08
35 Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore 233.93 241.77
36 Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 244.25 240.36
37 National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore 209.44 229.88
38 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 251.1 223.27
39 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 208.41 223.11
40 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 226.25 220.92
41 Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), India 164.1 217.39
42 Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL), United States of America (USA) 193.58 209.02
43 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 233.71 207.4
44 Fudan University, China 184.54 205.49
45 University College London (UCL), United Kingdom (UK) 213.32 203.31
46 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 233.72 201.28
47 University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA) 187.86 200.69
48 Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain 211.51 200.65
49 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 203.44 198.53
50 The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), United States of America (USA) 181.82 197.25
51 Osaka University, Japan 196.84 188.53
52 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 176.57 186.92
53 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), United States of America (USA) 180.59 185.77
54 Leibniz Association, Germany 206.11 185.41
55 University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), United States of America (USA) 200.12 185.29
56 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 180.71 181.12
57 Duke University, United States of America (USA) 209.35 179.42
58 Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Russia 172.13 175.45
59 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 181.09 175.41
60 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 168.29 174.97
61 Texas A&M University (TAMU), United States of America (USA) 135.69 171.18
62 New York University (NYU), United States of America (USA) 165.69 169.73
63 Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU), China 128.29 169.46
64 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 156.57 164.5
65 University of California, Irvine (UCI), United States of America (USA) 164.5 164.49
66 Seoul National University (SNU), South Korea 165.97 164.35
67 Soochow University, China 150.67 161.11
68 Wuhan University (WHU), China 121.41 159.81
69 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 138.1 159.38
70 Nankai University (NKU), China 152.94 155.64
71 The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center (UT Southwestern Medical Center), United States of America (USA) 127.43 153.56
72 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 119.06 153.28
73 Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), South Korea 157.77 152.94
74 RIKEN, Japan 155.91 151.74
75 Sun Yat-sen University (SYSU), China 117.48 151.65
76 University of California, Davis (UC Davis), United States of America (USA) 146.01 150.34
77 University of Pittsburgh (Pitt), United States of America (USA) 145.31 149.41
78 Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), United States of America (USA) 145.87 149.19
79 Purdue University, United States of America (USA) 145.62 148.55
80 McGill University, Canada 174.12 148.07
81 Scripps Research, United States of America (USA) 153.78 148.07
82 Xiamen University (XMU), China 124.4 146.15
83 Tohoku University, Japan 175.41 144.06
84 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 152.79 141.91
85 The University of Utah (Utah), United States of America (USA) 108.5 135.03
86 The Ohio State University (OSU), United States of America (USA) 145.71 134.17
87 National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), United States of America (USA) 151.17 130.84
88 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 121.71 130.74
89 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 144.98 130.06
90 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (RU), United States of America (USA) 156.68 129.6
91 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 143.52 127.78
92 Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), Japan 138.03 127.59
93 Sichuan University (SCU), China 101.98 126.88
94 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 126.46 126.67
95 Vanderbilt University (VU), United States of America (USA) 116 121.48
96 The University of British Columbia (UBC), Canada 130.36 120.49
97 Nagoya University, Japan 133.29 120.41
98 Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium 115.14 119.55
99 University of Würzburg, Germany 100.59 118.86
100 University of Florida (UF), United States of America (USA) 113.63 118.45
101 Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), United States of America (USA) 119.55 118.22
102 University of Southern California (USC), United States of America (USA) 135.66 117.93
103 The University of Queensland (UQ), Australia 118.33 117.92
104 Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), United States of America (USA) 111.22 117.5
105 National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN), Italy 120.3 117.35
106 Hokkaido University, Japan 118.39 117.1
107 Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HUJI), Israel 121.25 116.82
108 Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), India 132.88 116.54
109 Rice University, United States of America (USA) 105.57 116.05
110 Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST), China 91.56 114.29
111 National Research Council (CNR), Italy 125.96 112.8
112 University of Münster (WWU), Germany 102.27 112.5
113 Monash University, Australia 132.46 111.88
114 University of Groningen (RUG), Netherlands 104.36 111.69
115 Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC), United States of America (USA) 90.62 111.17
116 King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Saudi Arabia 107.96 111.02
117 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 116.98 110.85
118 University of Basel (UB), Switzerland 103.67 110.13
119 Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST), China 101.23 109.51
120 Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology (BIST), Spain 119.22 107.93
121 Lanzhou University (LZU), China 101.21 107.4
122 Pierre and Marie Curie University (UPMC) - Paris 6, France 105.19 107.23
123 University of Göttingen, Germany 98 104.92
124 University of California, Riverside (UCR), United States of America (USA) 99.09 104.16
125 Emory University, United States of America (USA) 102.7 103.96
126 University of New South Wales (UNSW), Australia 123.13 103.06
127 Arizona State University (ASU), United States of America (USA) 96.66 101.65
128 Jilin University (JLU), China 89.93 101.36
129 Indiana University (IU), United States of America (USA) 114.83 101.09
130 The Rockefeller University, United States of America (USA) 97.54 100.45
131 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), United States of America (USA) 98.15 100.37
132 University of Alberta (U of A), Canada 106.42 99.4
133 Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research (IISER), India 96.63 98.33
134 South China University of Technology (SCUT), China 77.86 98.17
135 Uppsala University (UU), Sweden 94.9 97.38
136 Kyushu University, Japan 113.79 97.01
137 Boston University (BU), United States of America (USA) 110.99 95.45
138 National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), United States of America (USA) 98.32 94.77
139 University of Freiburg (Uni Freiburg), Germany 74.68 94.77
140 The University of Hong Kong (HKU), China 72.91 93.48
141 RWTH Aachen University (RWTH Aachen), Germany 91.92 93.19
142 Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), Germany 94.84 93.06
143 Atomic Energy and Alternative Energies Commission (CEA), France 110.69 92.79
144 Free University of Berlin (FU Berlin), Germany 85.61 92.34
145 Dresden University of Technology (TU Dresden), Germany 84.85 90.86
146 Tel Aviv University (TAU), Israel 75.77 90.66
147 The University of Arizona (Arizona), United States of America (USA) 92.92 89.93
148 Shandong University (SDU), China 89.71 89.65
149 Baylor College of Medicine (BCM), United States of America (USA) 93.45 89.62
150 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 80.5 89.26
151 Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT), China 78.45 89.05
152 The University of Melbourne (UniMelb), Australia 100.59 88.77
153 Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU), China 73.28 88.75
154 Hunan University (HNU), China 82.76 88.6
155 National Institute for Health and Medical Research (INSERM), France 90.33 88.57
156 Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), United States of America (USA) 94.58 88.43
157 University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU), Germany 82.74 88.08
158 Czech Academy of Sciences (CAS), Czech Republic 74.47 87.95
159 North Carolina State University (NCSU), United States of America (USA) 83.83 87.8
160 Beijing Normal University (BNU), China 76 86.92
161 Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), South Korea 100.18 86.62
162 U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), United States of America (USA) 93.8 86.43
163 University of Massachusetts Amherst (UMass Amherst), United States of America (USA) 80.19 86.34
164 East China Normal University (ECNU), China 76.75 86.32
165 Technion-Israel Institute of Technology (IIT), Israel 104.47 85.88
166 Leiden University, Netherlands 80.98 85.79
167 Australian National University (ANU), Australia 102.56 84.59
168 Indian Institute of Science (IISc), India 86.77 84.53
169 Lund University (LU), Sweden 95.62 83.89
170 Brown University, United States of America (USA) 80.64 83.21
171 National Taiwan University (NTU), Taiwan 91.82 82.43
172 East China University of Science and Technology (ECUST), China 86.9 82.41
173 Stockholm University, Sweden 77.5 82.17
174 State University of New York at Stony Brook (SUNY Stony Brook), United States of America (USA) 81.47 82.06
175 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 74.21 81.7
176 Michigan State University (MSU), United States of America (USA) 70.73 81.61
177 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 92.72 80.78
178 University of Bonn (Uni Bonn), Germany 88.91 80.43
179 Aarhus University (AU), Denmark 95.98 80.35
180 Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), Singapore 75.69 80.33
181 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 91.05 80.05
182 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), United States of America (USA) 84.73 79.59
183 Tianjin University (TJU), China 69.5 78.59
184 University of Virginia (UVA), United States of America (USA) 72.01 78.42
185 Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Denmark 85.32 78.23
186 Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), South Korea 63 78.19
187 University of Amsterdam (UvA), Netherlands 77.13 78.06
188 Medical Research Council (MRC), United Kingdom (UK) 65.06 77.25
189 Colorado State University, United States of America (USA) 59.18 77.16
190 Radboud University Nijmegen (RU), Netherlands 95.43 77.15
191 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 71.54 76.97
192 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, United States of America (USA) 85.88 76.82
193 The University of Warwick (Warwick), United Kingdom (UK) 81.09 76.47
194 Karolinska Institute (KI), Sweden 73.85 76.2
195 University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen), Germany 71.47 76.01
196 Southeast University (SEU), China 66.07 75.78
197 Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU), South Korea 75.03 75.59
198 University of Montreal (UdeM), Canada 78.58 75.28
199 Tongji University, China 59.76 75.28
200 Yonsei University, South Korea 91.1 74.17
201 National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Japan 77.31 73.52
202 Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), United States of America (USA) 76.67 72.84
203 Humboldt University of Berlin (HU Berlin), Germany 74.74 72.72
204 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 88.37 72.68
205 University of Paris Sud (UPSud), France 72.2 72.07
206 University of Connecticut (UConn), United States of America (USA) 45.98 71.87
207 Institute for Basic Science (IBS), South Korea 70.8 71.54
208 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech), United States of America (USA) 58.75 71.39
209 The University of Iowa (UI), United States of America (USA) 81.86 71.17
210 Academia Sinica, Taiwan 77.13 70.45
211 University of Barcelona (UB), Spain 70.71 69.59
212 University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC), United States of America (USA) 57.31 69.46
213 The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK), China 64.98 69.14
214 The University of Sydney (USYD), Australia 79.55 69.09
215 U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), United States of America (USA) 73.84 68.63
216 University of Waterloo, Canada 71.51 68.48
217 Case Western Reserve University (CWRU), United States of America (USA) 83.12 68.38
218 Goethe University Frankfurt am Main (GU), Germany 69.27 68.35
219 University of Rochester (UR), United States of America (USA) 77.92 68.32
220 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), United States of America (USA) 75.95 67.88
221 Southern University of Science and Technology (SUSTech), China 30.19 67.65
222 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 73.61 67.34
223 The University of Georgia (UGA), United States of America (USA) 79.43 67.21
224 Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin), Germany 63.29 67.14
225 Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e), Netherlands 67.2 66.96
226 Iowa State University, United States of America (USA) 60.92 66.83
227 University of Vienna, Austria 61.2 66.68
228 University of Oslo (UiO), Norway 60.55 66.42
229 University of Notre Dame (ND), United States of America (USA) 65.54 66.25
230 The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom (UK) 68.35 65.78
231 Mount Sinai Health System (MSHS), United States of America (USA) 72.64 64.93
232 Homi Bhabha National Institute (HBNI), India 53.25 64.8
233 Ghent University (UGent), Belgium 68.68 64.31
234 Dalian University of Technology (DUT), China 45.6 63.99
235 University of Bern, Switzerland 66.69 63.99
236 University of Ottawa (uOttawa), Canada 64.44 63.74
237 University of Regensburg (UR), Germany 75.58 62.83
238 Southwest University (SWU), China 43.01 62.75
239 Keio University, Japan 68.8 62.34
240 University of Cincinnati (UC), United States of America (USA) 60.86 61.9
241 National Tsing Hua University (NTHU), Taiwan 58.86 61.45
242 National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Japan 67.33 61.38
243 University of Nebraska-Lincoln (UNL), United States of America (USA) 70.99 61.01
244 The University of Nottingham (UoN), United Kingdom (UK) 66.84 60.68
245 Grenoble Alpes University (UGA), France 60.12 60.67
246 Florida State University (FSU), United States of America (USA) 71.63 60.55
247 University of Helsinki, Finland 51.7 60.12
248 University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMass Medical School), United States of America (USA) 64.65 58.13
249 Dartmouth College, United States of America (USA) 39.72 57.92
250 University of Strasbourg, France 65.48 57.42
251 People's Liberation Army (PLA), China 56.85 57.25
252 University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 54.34 57.23
253 University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC), United States of America (USA) 68.97 57.02
254 University of São Paulo (USP), Brazil 50.22 56.86
255 Oregon State University, United States of America (USA) 57.5 56.51
256 Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM), Spain 76.63 56.25
257 Polish Academy of Sciences (PAS), Poland 49 55.99
258 University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus (CU Anschutz), United States of America (USA) 50.62 55.96
259 Ruhr University Bochum (RUB), Germany 55.37 55.93
260 Korea University (KU), South Korea 62.67 55.92
261 European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Switzerland 53.8 55.28
262 KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden 50.88 55.26
263 Paris Diderot University (Paris 7), France 52.87 55.19
264 University of Lausanne (UNIL), Switzerland 50.47 54.93
265 University of Cologne (UoC), Germany 69.81 54.7
266 University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Spain 55.87 54.58
267 Vienna University of Technology (TU Wien), Austria 48.87 54.03
268 Beihang University (BUAA), China 50.01 53.73
269 F. Hoffmann-La Roche AG, Switzerland 43.91 53.69
270 University of Birmingham (UB), United Kingdom (UK) 49.62 53.51
271 Beijing University of Chemical Technology (BUCT), China 48.08 53.13
272 University of Calgary (U of C), Canada 54.45 53.12
273 University of Oregon (UO), United States of America (USA) 61.25 53.08
274 University of Houston (UH), United States of America (USA) 55.66 53.02
275 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 43.64 52.89
276 Shandong Normal University (SDNU), China 34.39 52.39
277 Albert Einstein College of Medicine (Einstein), United States of America (USA) 52.78 52.35
278 Beijing Institute of Technology (BIT), China 53.84 52.15
279 University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 68.28 51.84
280 Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI), Switzerland 50.04 51.72
281 Wageningen University & Research (WUR), Netherlands 32.7 51.68
282 Nanjing Tech University (NanjingTech), China 42.45 50.75
283 Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics (PI), Canada 33.7 50.72
284 University of Toulouse, France 50.7 50.16
285 China University of Geosciences (CUG), China 45.62 50.13
286 The University of Kansas (KU), United States of America (USA) 44.85 49.97
287 Leipzig University, Germany 47.34 49.93
288 Carnegie Institution for Science (CIS), United States of America (USA) 45.5 49.58
289 Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), India 44.6 49.45
290 Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico (IRCCS), Italy 41.21 48.97
291 University of Delaware (UD), United States of America (USA) 47.22 48.81
292 The City University of New York (CUNY), United States of America (USA) 44.42 48.81
293 The University of Dublin, Ireland 49.34 48.69
294 Aix-Marseille University (AMU), France 48.07 47.88
295 IBM Corporation, United States of America (USA) 42.89 47.7
296 Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU), Russia 42.63 47.6
297 Tufts University, United States of America (USA) 48.96 47.46
298 Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU), Israel 42.48 47.15
299 Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU), United States of America (USA) 56.7 47.1
300 McMaster University, Canada 49.3 46.82
301 The University of New Mexico (UNM), United States of America (USA) 41 46.7
302 University of Miami (UM), United States of America (USA) 55.53 46.55
303 National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), United States of America (USA) 49.01 46.42
304 Western University (UWO), Canada 44.2 46.24
305 University at Buffalo, The State University of New York (SUNY UB), United States of America (USA) 65.31 46.16
306 Philipps University of Marburg (Uni Marburg), Germany 45.41 46.04
307 Central South University (CSU), China 25.81 45.86
308 Sandia National Laboratories, United States of America (USA) 43.78 45.74
309 University of Hawai'i at Manoa (UH Mānoa), United States of America (USA) 56.56 45.59
310 Hanyang University (HYU), South Korea 52.14 45.56
311 Central China Normal University (CCNU), China 43.5 45.46
312 University of Valencia (UV), Spain 49.71 44.86
313 European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Germany 45.66 44.74
314 University of Lyon, France 47.73 44.56
315 Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), United Kingdom (UK) 44.58 44.24
316 Brandeis University, United States of America (USA) 46.8 43.83
317 University of Bayreuth (UBT), Germany 54.99 43.81
318 City University of Hong Kong (CityU), China 43.77 43.68
319 Temple University, United States of America (USA) 56.2 43.5
320 Louisiana State University (LSU), United States of America (USA) 34.09 43.19
321 University of Duisburg-Essen (UDE), Germany 35.17 43.02
322 Fuzhou University (FZU), China 28.62 42.97
323 University of Kentucky (UK), United States of America (USA) 39.36 42.88
324 University of York, United Kingdom (UK) 44.39 42.78
325 The University of Western Australia (UWA), Australia 34.04 42.56
326 TU Dortmund University, Germany 29.45 41.81
327 University of Montpellier, France 41.89 41.66
328 Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Belgium 45.53 41.64
329 The University of Tennessee at Knoxville (UTK), United States of America (USA) 39.75 41.61
330 Novartis International AG, Switzerland 41.29 41.55
331 University of Science and Technology Beijing (USTB), China 34.36 41.38
332 University of Konstanz, Germany 49.41 41.2
333 University of South Carolina - Columbia (SC), United States of America (USA) 36.91 41.18
334 VU University Amsterdam, Netherlands 55.93 41.05
335 Mayo Clinic, United States of America (USA) 54.01 41
336 University of Padova (UNIPD), Italy 38.09 40.83
337 University of Stuttgart, Germany 46.91 40.75
338 Shanghai University (SHU), China 32.68 40.64
339 University of Bordeaux, France 35.04 40.6
340 Aalto University, Finland 44.88 40.53
341 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), United States of America (USA) 45.18 40.26
342 Cardiff University, United Kingdom (UK) 48.44 40.18
343 Sapienza University of Rome, Italy 37.41 40.16
344 Washington State University (WSU), United States of America (USA) 34.17 40.04
345 Northeast Normal University (NENU), China 25.5 39.95
346 University of Tsukuba, Japan 61.92 39.94
347 Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST), South Korea 31.83 39.69
348 Salk Institute for Biological Studies (Salk), United States of America (USA) 50.4 39.47
349 University of Lisbon (ULISBOA), Portugal 44.57 39.47
350 The University of Texas at Dallas (UT Dallas), United States of America (USA) 31.79 39.45
351 The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Australia 52.16 39.39
352 University of Sherbrooke (USherbrooke), Canada 25.82 39.37
353 Newcastle University, United Kingdom (UK) 39.55 39.25
354 Friedrich Schiller University Jena (FSU), Germany 43.93 39.18
355 Chalmers University of Technology (Chalmers), Sweden 40.17 38.61
356 Chongqing University (CQU), China 30.52 38.38
357 Complutense University of Madrid (UCM), Spain 39.08 38.35
358 Pasteur Institute, France 39.26 38.33
359 National Scientific and Technical Research Council (CONICET), Argentina 41.77 38.15
360 Austrian Academy of Sciences (ÖAW), Austria 32.37 38.14
361 The University of Adelaide (Adelaide Uni), Australia 34.21 37.97
362 Northeastern University (NEU), United States of America (USA) 36.85 37.83
363 The University of Oklahoma (OU), United States of America (USA) 39.75 37.59
364 Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI), United States of America (USA) 34.99 37.48
365 The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU), China 35.45 37.33
366 Linköping University (LiU), Sweden 30.06 37.08
367 Italian Institute of Technology (IIT), Italy 35.64 36.95
368 HHMI Janelia Farm Research Campus, United States of America (USA) 44.98 36.95
369 University of Sussex (US), United Kingdom (UK) 30.82 36.5
370 The University of Akron (UAkron), United States of America (USA) 38.88 36.43
371 University of South Florida (USF), United States of America (USA) 43.54 36.37
372 University of Maryland, Baltimore (UMB), United States of America (USA) 39.87 36.19
373 St. Jude Children's Research Hospital (St. Jude), United States of America (USA) 48.43 35.8
374 University of Strathclyde, United Kingdom (UK) 27.44 35.5
375 Wayne State University (WSU), United States of America (USA) 49.21 35.31
376 Merck & Co., Inc., United States of America (USA) 29.74 35.1
377 University of Milan (UNIMI), Italy 24.48 35.03
378 National Institute for Astrophysics (INAF), Italy 37.99 34.69
379 Northwest University (NWU), China 28.02 34.63
380 University of Warsaw (UW), Poland 33.61 34.56
381 Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB), Spain 25.26 34.54
382 China Pharmaceutical University (CPU), China 20.72 34.38
383 University of Missouri (Mizzou), United States of America (USA) 34.23 34.29
384 Nanjing University of Science and Technology (NUST), China 25.51 34.05
385 Hungarian Academy of Sciences (HAS), Hungary 38.85 34.02
386 French National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA), France 36.8 33.97
387 National Chiao Tung University (NCTU), Taiwan 38.57 33.77
388 Smithsonian Institution, United States of America (USA) 44.17 33.75
389 University of East Anglia (UEA), United Kingdom (UK) 18.13 33.62
390 Shenzhen University (SZU), China 17.08 33.4
391 University of Florence (UNIFI), Italy 27.46 33.39
392 Simon Fraser University (SFU), Canada 33.41 33.38
393 University of Innsbruck (LFU), Austria 37.64 33.35
394 Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), United Kingdom (UK) 30.58 33.28
395 Ulm University, Germany 37.23 33.26
396 University of Victoria (UVic), Canada 25.08 32.92
397 National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico 36.69 32.85
398 University of Bremen (Uni Bremen), Germany 26.67 32.84
399 The University of Wollongong (UOW), Australia 29.91 32.84
400 Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College (CAMS & PUMC), China 29.76 32.67
401 University of Bath, United Kingdom (UK) 35.94 32.52
402 Waseda University, Japan 26.51 32.46
403 Wuhan University of Technology (WUT), China 23.26 31.99
404 Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science (IACS), India 29 31.83
405 University of Santiago de Compostela (USC), Spain 33.26 31.79
406 University of Gothenburg (GU), Sweden 34.17 31.76
407 Dalhousie University, Canada 24.13 31.72
408 Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 25.89 31.52
409 China Agricultural University (CAU), China 26.38 31.43
410 Jagiellonian University (UJ), Poland 25.73 31.4
411 Shaanxi Normal University (SNNU), China 21.05 31.25
412 Jinan University (JNU), China 18.48 30.89
413 University of Otago, New Zealand 31.78 30.77
414 University of Kiel (CAU), Germany 39.93 30.66
415 University of Hannover (LUH), Germany 27.32 30.6
416 Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center (FHCRC), United States of America (USA) 35.72 30.56
417 Darmstadt University of Technology (TU Darmstadt), Germany 40.16 30.45
418 University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB), United States of America (USA) 40.44 30.18
419 Curtin University, Australia 37.35 30.16
420 Institute of Research for Development (IRD), France 32.49 30.03
421 AstraZeneca plc, United Kingdom (UK) 31.15 29.87
422 Charles University (CU), Czech Republic 28.92 29.75
423 Ewha Womans University (Ewha), South Korea 32.82 29.65
424 Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), United States of America (USA) 37.32 29.58
425 Boston College (BC), United States of America (USA) 30.51 29.5
426 Bar-Ilan University (BIU), Israel 32.11 29.42
427 National Institute of Applied Sciences (INSA), France 30.49 29.36
428 Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU), Germany 24.72 29.19
429 Okayama University, Japan 25.76 28.95
430 National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV), Italy 33.11 28.93
431 Hiroshima University (HU), Japan 31.1 28.91
432 Umeå University (UMU), Sweden 25.52 28.73
433 Ocean University of China (OUC), China 20.36 28.25
434 University of Bologna (UNIBO), Italy 32.18 28.25
435 University of Nevada, Reno (UNR), United States of America (USA) 24.14 28.07
436 National Institutes of Natural Sciences (NINS), Japan 28.6 28
437 Cleveland Clinic, United States of America (USA) 24.91 27.97
438 Braunschweig University of Technology (TU Braunschweig), Germany 25.48 27.95
439 Kanazawa University (KU), Japan 28.96 27.62
440 The University of Auckland, New Zealand 20.73 27.49
441 Changzhou University (CZU), China 14.89 27.14
442 Kobe University, Japan 30.21 27.1
443 International School for Advanced Studies (ISAS), Italy 23.58 27.08
444 Nanjing Normal University (NNU), China 20.96 27.03
445 Shanxi University (SXU), China 18.59 26.99
446 Laval University (UL), Canada 23.65 26.96
447 Drexel University, United States of America (USA) 28.6 26.67
448 Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU), United States of America (USA) 36.87 26.62
449 Beijing University of Technology (BJUT), China 21.44 26.56
450 National Cheng Kung University (NCKU), Taiwan 24.2 26.42
451 University of Liège (ULg), Belgium 27.19 26.32
452 Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS), China 21.13 26.29
453 University of Central Florida (UCF), United States of America (USA) 25.44 26.27
454 University of Antwerp (UA), Belgium 28.34 26.18
455 U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), United States of America (USA) 22.34 26.06
456 École Normale Supérieure (ENS Paris), France 23.91 25.93
457 Lancaster University, United Kingdom (UK) 21.47 25.67
458 University of Milano-Bicocca (UNIMIB), Italy 24.08 25.66
459 Catholic University of Louvain (UCL), Belgium 35.98 25.65
460 Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR), India 29.44 25.53
461 University of Dundee, United Kingdom (UK) 31.38 25.53
462 Georgia State University (GSU), United States of America (USA) 21.25 25.45
463 University of Electronic Science and Technology of China (UESTC), China 20.86 25.44
464 Clemson University, United States of America (USA) 29.46 25.36
465 Queen's University Belfast (QUB), United Kingdom (UK) 25.7 25.34
466 National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), United States of America (USA) 29.06 25.29
467 Zhengzhou University (ZZU), China 23.81 25.22
468 Queen's University, Canada 29.58 25.12
469 University of Saskatchewan (U of S), Canada 31.43 25.06
470 University of Twente (UTwente), Netherlands 31.17 25.04
471 Kyung Hee University (KHU), South Korea 24.23 25.02
472 U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, United States of America (USA) 30.86 24.94
473 Institute of Science and Technology Austria (IST Austria), Austria 16.43 24.87
474 University of Turin (UNITO), Italy 27.66 24.56
475 Macquarie University, Australia 20.91 24.53
476 West Virginia University (WVU), United States of America (USA) 19.37 24.51
477 Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway 23.95 24.5
478 China Academy of Engineering Physics (CAEP), China 22.5 24.5
479 Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL), United States of America (USA) 18.61 24.49
480 Griffith University, Australia 21.72 24.49
481 Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (EAWAG), Switzerland 32.29 24.14
482 Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute (SBP), United States of America (USA) 22.72 24.14
483 Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf (HHU), Germany 32.66 24.09
484 University of Fribourg (UNIFR), Switzerland 18.01 23.95
485 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), United States of America (USA) 26.78 23.88
486 Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC), Canada 22.29 23.84
487 ShanghaiTech University, China 10.09 23.73
488 South China Normal University (SCNU), China 14.77 23.59
489 Giessen University (JLU), Germany 20.2 23.45
490 Pfizer Inc., United States of America (USA) 27.72 23.3
491 European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF), France 23.57 23.27
492 China Meteorological Administration (CMA), China 19.44 23.14
493 University of Bergen (UIB), Norway 18.22 23.1
494 Graz University of Technology (TU Graz), Austria 18.36 22.87
495 Huazhong Agricultural University (HZAU), China 17.69 22.78
496 Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR), Netherlands 23.98 22.75
497 Flanders Institute for Biotechnology (VIB), Belgium 35.41 22.65
498 The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), United States of America (USA) 25.07 22.64
499 University of Oviedo (UniOvi), Spain 27.4 22.63
500 University of Naples Federico II (UNINA), Italy 25.51 22.4

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. It is important for users to understand that the data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, that they cover the natural sciences only and that outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output). We encourage users to combine the free-to-access Nature Index data with information from other sources.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted FC accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. FC values have been adjusted to 2018 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.