2018 tables: Institutions - life sciences - academic

Table criteria

The 2018 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2017 to 31 December 2017.

2017 Institution FC 2016 FC 2017
1 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 609.29 626.27
2 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 234.89 275.79
3 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 205.01 200.19
4 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 192.92 178.51
5 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 165.6 173.67
6 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 157.43 172.54
7 University of Pennsylvania (Penn), United States of America (USA) 142.96 170.58
8 University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), United States of America (USA) 189.65 169.39
9 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 180.87 167.55
10 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 169.87 156.43
11 Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 156.45 156.36
12 Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL), United States of America (USA) 143.42 153.14
13 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 120.32 149.13
14 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 146.34 147.53
15 The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center (UT Southwestern Medical Center), United States of America (USA) 113.71 141.46
16 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 130.34 138.75
17 University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 132.59 131.81
18 University College London (UCL), United Kingdom (UK) 128.8 126.8
19 New York University (NYU), United States of America (USA) 117.07 124.02
20 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 135.51 122.82
21 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 129.23 120.17
22 Duke University, United States of America (USA) 138.9 104.44
23 The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), United States of America (USA) 96.56 102.34
24 Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA) 89.49 101.83
25 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 97.95 100.04
26 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 100.45 99.76
27 The Rockefeller University, United States of America (USA) 91.3 96.71
28 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 98.92 93.98
29 Peking University (PKU), China 57.88 89.51
30 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 69.58 88.23
31 Vanderbilt University (VU), United States of America (USA) 82.31 85.02
32 Baylor College of Medicine (BCM), United States of America (USA) 88.23 84.72
33 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 62.31 82.49
34 University of Pittsburgh (Pitt), United States of America (USA) 94.38 75.31
35 McGill University, Canada 89.95 74.94
36 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 85.5 74.91
37 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 56.9 74.42
38 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, United States of America (USA) 85.27 73.27
39 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 74.25 73.2
40 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 79.75 73.18
41 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 53.51 72.09
42 University of California, Davis (UC Davis), United States of America (USA) 64.73 71.37
43 Karolinska Institute (KI), Sweden 68.1 69.33
44 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 66.36 69.13
45 Emory University, United States of America (USA) 66.81 65.14
46 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 67.17 64.21
47 Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai (ISMMS), MSHS, United States of America (USA) 70.36 62.28
48 The University of Queensland (UQ), Australia 44.67 59.56
49 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 63.79 59.31
50 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (RU), United States of America (USA) 60.84 57.93
51 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 38.41 57.85
52 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 49.74 57.8
53 Tsinghua University, China 49.31 57.65
54 Kyoto University, Japan 50.94 57.17
55 University of Southern California (USC), United States of America (USA) 56.2 55.74
56 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 62.93 55.52
57 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 46.31 54.89
58 University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMass Medical School), United States of America (USA) 59.83 53.3
59 The University of Utah (Utah), United States of America (USA) 42.91 52.5
60 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 54.43 51.68
61 University of Basel (UB), Switzerland 48.67 51.42
62 The Ohio State University (OSU), United States of America (USA) 59.61 51.31
63 National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore 38.62 49.74
64 Fudan University, China 33.05 49.47
65 University of California, Irvine (UCI), United States of America (USA) 52.43 48.11
66 Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HUJI), Israel 44.18 47.96
67 Albert Einstein College of Medicine (Einstein), United States of America (USA) 47.93 47.51
68 University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus (CU Anschutz), United States of America (USA) 46.58 47.26
69 Indiana University (IU), United States of America (USA) 50.56 47.13
70 The University of British Columbia (UBC), Canada 58.06 46.48
71 Zhejiang University (ZJU), China 42.87 45.68
72 Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU), China 30.16 44.84
73 University of Freiburg (Uni Freiburg), Germany 33.44 44.18
74 Boston University (BU), United States of America (USA) 50.61 43.78
75 University of Cincinnati (UC), United States of America (USA) 43.88 43.65
76 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 41.12 43.19
77 Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU), United States of America (USA) 50.89 42.81
78 Osaka University, Japan 61.87 42.64
79 Texas A&M University (TAMU), United States of America (USA) 31.22 41.96
80 University of Lausanne (UNIL), Switzerland 38.97 41.88
81 Seoul National University (SNU), South Korea 37.23 41.18
82 Case Western Reserve University (CWRU), United States of America (USA) 53.21 40.8
83 University of Virginia (UVA), United States of America (USA) 32.32 39.99
84 The University of Iowa (UI), United States of America (USA) 47.44 39.45
85 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 34.47 39.05
86 University of Florida (UF), United States of America (USA) 32.36 38.64
87 Monash University, Australia 35.1 38.5
88 The University of Melbourne (UniMelb), Australia 40.18 37.96
89 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 37.94 37.53
90 University of Montreal (UdeM), Canada 38.83 37.5
91 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 39.08 37.48
92 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS), China 24.27 37.47
93 Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium 37.53 37.22
94 Michigan State University (MSU), United States of America (USA) 33.02 36.23
95 Uppsala University (UU), Sweden 32.24 35.61
96 University of Rochester (UR), United States of America (USA) 30.59 35
97 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 29.41 34.98
98 Tel Aviv University (TAU), Israel 24.99 34.06
99 University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen), Germany 38.46 33.58
100 University of Helsinki, Finland 28.77 33.42

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. It is important for users to understand that the data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, that they cover the natural sciences only and that outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output). We encourage users to combine the free-to-access Nature Index data with information from other sources.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted FC accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. FC values have been adjusted to 2018 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.