2018 tables: Institutions - academic

Table criteria

The 2018 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2017 to 31 December 2017.

2017 Institution Share 2016 Share 2017
1 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 876.04 907.53
2 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 603.86 615.68
3 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 580.33 538.25
4 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 427.14 472.05
5 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 438.52 420.80
6 University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 384.78 409.64
7 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 466.85 408.03
8 Peking University (PKU), China 386.50 394.87
9 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 355.01 385.07
10 Tsinghua University, China 315.87 354.88
11 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 321.43 336.06
12 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 333.41 330.96
13 Nanjing University (NJU), China 319.47 328.84
14 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 328.07 324.04
15 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 313.30 311.83
16 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 307.03 310.22
17 University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), China 275.75 308.65
18 Kyoto University, Japan 264.41 307.24
19 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 349.15 302.83
20 Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA) 284.07 296.63
21 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 291.99 285.29
22 University of Pennsylvania (Penn), United States of America (USA) 260.77 279.61
23 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 267.88 271.80
24 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 288.86 268.60
25 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS), China 159.07 261.10
26 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 257.65 260.96
27 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 259.89 257.24
28 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 228.83 250.98
29 Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 244.10 243.70
30 Zhejiang University (ZJU), China 220.35 243.65
31 Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore 234.67 242.08
32 National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore 209.52 230.46
33 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 251.23 224.88
34 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 208.41 224.81
35 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 216.15 209.48
36 Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL), United States of America (USA) 193.58 209.17
37 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 234.26 208.06
38 Fudan University, China 184.54 206.21
39 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 233.72 203.01
40 University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA) 188.13 200.74
41 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 203.43 200.17
42 The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), United States of America (USA) 182.62 197.80
43 UCL, United Kingdom (UK) 203.08 190.16
44 Osaka University, Japan 196.71 188.74
45 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 176.21 187.10
46 University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), United States of America (USA) 201.42 185.64
47 Duke University, United States of America (USA) 210.00 182.07
48 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 181.49 181.21
49 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 169.17 177.86
50 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 181.09 175.48
51 Texas A&M University (TAMU), United States of America (USA) 135.74 171.62
52 New York University (NYU), United States of America (USA) 167.13 170.97
53 Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU), China 128.21 170.93
54 University of California, Irvine (UCI), United States of America (USA) 164.50 166.14
55 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 156.60 164.94
56 Seoul National University (SNU), South Korea 165.97 164.43
57 Soochow University, China 150.07 161.36
58 Wuhan University (WHU), China 122.07 161.32
59 Nankai University (NKU), China 152.94 156.53
60 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 136.19 156.18
61 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 119.03 154.01
62 The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center (UT Southwestern Medical Center), United States of America (USA) 128.10 153.65
63 Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), South Korea 157.77 152.95
64 Sun Yat-sen University (SYSU), China 117.48 152.26
65 University of California, Davis (UC Davis), United States of America (USA) 145.03 151.15
66 University of Pittsburgh (Pitt), United States of America (USA) 144.89 149.82
67 Purdue University, United States of America (USA) 145.62 148.92
68 Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), United States of America (USA) 145.87 148.58
69 McGill University, Canada 174.11 148.03
70 Xiamen University (XMU), China 124.40 146.20
71 Tohoku University, Japan 175.48 142.81
72 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 151.21 140.82
73 The University of Utah (Utah), United States of America (USA) 109.49 137.06
74 The Ohio State University (OSU), United States of America (USA) 145.71 135.60
75 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 145.31 132.36
76 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 121.72 131.25
77 Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), Japan 138.03 130.47
78 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 144.15 129.89
79 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (RU), United States of America (USA) 156.71 129.84
80 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 126.49 127.60
81 Sichuan University (SCU), China 101.98 126.91
82 The University of British Columbia (UBC), Canada 130.36 122.83
83 Vanderbilt University (VU), United States of America (USA) 116.00 121.74
84 University of Southern California (USC), United States of America (USA) 134.66 121.60
85 Nagoya University, Japan 132.62 121.18
86 Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium 115.13 120.31
87 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Germany 134.25 120.30
88 University of Florida (UF), United States of America (USA) 113.67 119.48
89 The University of Queensland (UQ), Australia 118.91 119.11
90 University of Würzburg (JMU), Germany 100.59 118.88
91 Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HUJI), Israel 121.21 116.94
92 Hokkaido University, Japan 118.32 116.17
93 Rice University, United States of America (USA) 105.57 116.06
94 Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST), China 91.91 115.78
95 University of Münster (WWU), Germany 102.36 112.55
96 University of Groningen (RUG), Netherlands 104.36 112.12
97 Monash University, Australia 132.44 112.11
98 King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Saudi Arabia 107.96 111.62
99 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 116.98 111.41
100 The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST), China 101.19 110.48
101 Lanzhou University (LZU), China 101.21 108.77
102 University of Basel (UB), Switzerland 102.61 108.56
103 Sorbonne University, France 105.52 108.55
104 University of Göttingen, Germany 97.99 105.17
105 University of California, Riverside (UCR), United States of America (USA) 99.09 104.19
106 Arizona State University (ASU), United States of America (USA) 95.65 102.77
107 University of New South Wales (UNSW Sydney), Australia 122.29 102.76
108 Indiana University (IU), United States of America (USA) 114.69 102.05
109 Jilin University (JLU), China 89.93 101.49
110 University of Alberta (U of A), Canada 106.42 101.41
111 The Rockefeller University, United States of America (USA) 95.40 100.66
112 Emory University, United States of America (USA) 101.10 100.37
113 Uppsala University (UU), Sweden 94.95 97.53
114 South China University of Technology (SCUT), China 77.86 97.39
115 Kyushu University, Japan 113.98 97.34
116 Boston University (BU), United States of America (USA) 111.01 95.73
117 University of Freiburg (Uni Freiburg), Germany 74.76 95.47
118 Free University of Berlin (FU Berlin), Germany 86.95 93.85
119 RWTH Aachen University (RWTH Aachen), Germany 91.71 93.58
120 Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), Germany 94.15 93.56
121 The University of Hong Kong (HKU), China 72.87 93.55
122 The University of Arizona (Arizona), United States of America (USA) 92.91 92.34
123 Dresden University of Technology (TU Dresden), Germany 84.81 90.97
124 Tel Aviv University (TAU), Israel 75.80 90.77
125 Baylor College of Medicine (BCM), United States of America (USA) 93.45 90.67
126 The University of Melbourne (UniMelb), Australia 100.16 90.61
127 Shandong University (SDU), China 89.69 90.07
128 Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT), China 78.45 89.28
129 Hunan University (HNU), China 82.74 89.20
130 Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU), China 73.28 88.60
131 University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU), Germany 82.74 88.20
132 North Carolina State University (NCSU), United States of America (USA) 84.00 88.04
133 Beijing Normal University (BNU), China 76.03 87.66
134 Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), South Korea 100.18 87.04
135 University of Massachusetts Amherst (UMass Amherst), United States of America (USA) 80.19 86.52
136 East China Normal University (ECNU), China 76.76 86.29
137 Leiden University, Netherlands 81.25 85.96
138 Technion-Israel Institute of Technology (IIT), Israel 106.64 85.33
139 Australian National University (ANU), Australia 102.56 85.16
140 Indian Institute of Science (IISc), India 86.77 84.53
141 Brown University, United States of America (USA) 80.64 84.43
142 Lund University (LU), Sweden 95.93 83.96
143 National Taiwan University (NTU), Taiwan 91.82 82.55
144 East China University of Science and Technology (ECUST), China 86.90 82.41
145 State University of New York at Stony Brook (SUNY Stony Brook), United States of America (USA) 81.14 82.19
146 Stockholm University, Sweden 77.43 82.16
147 Michigan State University (MSU), United States of America (USA) 70.73 81.92
148 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 92.63 81.78
149 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 73.98 81.75
150 Aarhus University (AU), Denmark 95.10 80.98
151 University of Bonn (Uni Bonn), Germany 88.73 80.46
152 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 76.15 80.21
153 Tianjin University (TJU), China 69.54 79.07
154 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 90.76 78.90
155 University of Virginia (UVA), United States of America (USA) 72.03 78.71
156 University of Amsterdam (UvA), Netherlands 77.27 78.24
157 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, United States of America (USA) 85.99 78.19
158 Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), South Korea 63.00 77.62
159 Radboud University Nijmegen (RU), Netherlands 95.43 77.50
160 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 71.45 77.05
161 The University of Warwick (Warwick), United Kingdom (UK) 81.09 76.64
162 Karolinska Institute (KI), Sweden 73.86 76.44
163 Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU), South Korea 75.04 76.42
164 Colorado State University, United States of America (USA) 58.93 76.22
165 Tongji University, China 59.76 75.99
166 University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen), Germany 71.47 75.92
167 Southeast University (SEU), China 66.07 75.87
168 Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Denmark 77.80 74.70
169 Yonsei University, South Korea 91.10 74.24
170 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 88.33 74.18
171 University of Paris, France 67.55 73.49
172 Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), United States of America (USA) 76.67 73.01
173 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech), United States of America (USA) 58.75 72.51
174 University of Connecticut (UConn), United States of America (USA) 46.24 71.88
175 University of Paris-Sud (UPSud), France 71.87 71.69
176 The University of Iowa (UI), United States of America (USA) 81.86 71.68
177 University of Barcelona (UB), Spain 71.72 71.19
178 University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC), United States of America (USA) 57.31 70.28
179 Humboldt University of Berlin (HU Berlin), Germany 71.35 69.50
180 The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK), China 64.95 69.12
181 University of Rochester (UR), United States of America (USA) 77.92 68.65
182 The University of Sydney (USYD), Australia 79.34 68.63
183 University of Waterloo, Canada 71.51 68.53
184 Case Western Reserve University (CWRU), United States of America (USA) 83.12 68.42
185 Southern University of Science and Technology (SUSTech), China 30.64 68.07
186 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 73.34 68.04
187 Goethe University Frankfurt (GU), Germany 68.12 67.98
188 University of Oslo (UiO), Norway 60.56 67.96
189 The University of Georgia (UGA), United States of America (USA) 79.33 67.78
190 Iowa State University, United States of America (USA) 60.92 67.40
191 Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin), Germany 63.33 67.17
192 University of Vienna, Austria 61.46 67.04
193 Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e), Netherlands 67.20 66.96
194 University of Notre Dame (ND), United States of America (USA) 65.54 66.30
195 The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom (UK) 68.35 66.08
196 Dalian University of Technology (DUT), China 45.60 65.58
197 Homi Bhabha National Institute (HBNI), India 53.25 64.82
198 Ghent University (UGent), Belgium 68.87 64.51
199 University of Bern (UniBE), Switzerland 66.98 64.11
200 Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai (ISMMS), MSHS, United States of America (USA) 72.49 64.10
201 University of Ottawa (uOttawa), Canada 64.44 63.75
202 University of Regensburg (UR), Germany 75.58 62.91
203 Southwest University (SWU), China 43.01 62.75
204 University of Montreal (UdeM), Canada 63.53 62.36
205 Keio University, Japan 68.69 62.11
206 University of Cincinnati (UC), United States of America (USA) 60.79 62.11
207 University of Nebraska-Lincoln (UNL), United States of America (USA) 70.99 61.73
208 National Tsing Hua University (NTHU), Taiwan 58.61 61.45
209 University of Helsinki, Finland 51.70 60.82
210 The University of Nottingham (UoN), United Kingdom (UK) 66.84 60.74
211 Florida State University (FSU), United States of America (USA) 69.72 60.22
212 University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMass Medical School), United States of America (USA) 65.06 59.47
213 Grenoble Alpes University (UGA), France 57.95 58.71
214 University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 54.34 58.15
215 University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC), United States of America (USA) 68.84 58.04
216 Dartmouth College, United States of America (USA) 39.71 57.83
217 University of Strasbourg, France 64.72 57.49
218 Oregon State University, United States of America (USA) 57.50 57.10
219 University of São Paulo (USP), Brazil 50.22 56.92
220 Korea University, South Korea 62.39 56.42
221 University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus (CU Anschutz), United States of America (USA) 50.62 56.39
222 Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM), Spain 76.44 56.14
223 Ruhr University Bochum (RUB), Germany 55.38 56.11
224 University of Lausanne (UNIL), Switzerland 50.47 55.34
225 KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden 50.77 54.97
226 University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Spain 56.09 54.73
227 University of Cologne (UoC), Germany 69.62 54.57
228 Vienna University of Technology (TU Wien), Austria 48.87 54.04
229 University of Birmingham (UB), United Kingdom (UK) 49.62 53.88
230 Beihang University (BUAA), China 50.01 53.84
231 University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 69.22 53.66
232 University of Oregon (UO), United States of America (USA) 61.25 53.54
233 Albert Einstein College of Medicine (Einstein), United States of America (USA) 53.07 53.49
234 University of Calgary (U of C), Canada 54.45 53.39
235 Beijing University of Chemical Technology (BUCT), China 48.08 53.13
236 University of Houston (UH), United States of America (USA) 55.66 53.05
237 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 43.64 52.94
238 Shandong Normal University (SDNU), China 34.39 52.39
239 Beijing Institute of Technology (BIT), China 53.84 52.15
240 The University of Kansas (KU), United States of America (USA) 44.85 51.92
241 Wageningen University & Research (WUR), Netherlands 32.89 51.88
242 Nanjing Tech University (NanjingTech), China 42.45 50.75
243 University of Toulouse, France 50.72 50.42
244 University of Delaware (UD), United States of America (USA) 47.22 49.99
245 Leipzig University, Germany 47.34 49.93
246 The City University of New York (CUNY), United States of America (USA) 44.42 48.81
247 Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU), Russia 42.63 48.19
248 Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU), United States of America (USA) 56.70 47.83
249 The University of Dublin, Ireland 47.66 47.78
250 Tufts University, United States of America (USA) 49.23 47.75
251 Aix-Marseille University (AMU), France 46.98 47.66
252 University of Miami (UM), United States of America (USA) 55.54 47.45
253 Western University (UWO), Canada 44.20 47.27
254 Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IIT Bombay), India 50.94 47.24
255 McMaster University, Canada 49.30 47.24
256 The University of New Mexico (UNM), United States of America (USA) 41.00 47.21
257 Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU), Israel 42.48 47.15
258 Philipps University of Marburg (Uni Marburg), Germany 45.41 46.06
259 University at Buffalo, The State University of New York (SUNY UB), United States of America (USA) 65.01 45.93
260 Central South University (CSU), China 25.56 45.86
261 University of Hawai'i at Manoa (UH Mānoa), United States of America (USA) 56.56 45.81
262 University of Lyon, France 48.68 45.77
263 Hanyang University (HYU), South Korea 52.14 45.65
264 Central China Normal University (CCNU), China 43.50 45.58
265 University of Valencia (UV), Spain 49.71 44.92
266 Temple University, United States of America (USA) 56.09 44.79
267 Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), United Kingdom (UK) 44.58 44.42
268 City University of Hong Kong (CityU), China 43.65 43.85
269 Brandeis University, United States of America (USA) 46.80 43.84
270 University of Bayreuth (UBT), Germany 54.99 43.81
271 Louisiana State University (LSU), United States of America (USA) 34.26 43.22
272 University of Duisburg-Essen (UDE), Germany 35.15 43.02
273 Fuzhou University (FZU), China 28.62 42.97
274 University of Kentucky (UK), United States of America (USA) 38.45 42.90
275 University of York, United Kingdom (UK) 44.13 42.70
276 The University of Western Australia (UWA), Australia 34.09 42.65
277 University of Montpellier, France 43.08 42.54
278 TU Dortmund University, Germany 29.45 41.96
279 Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Belgium 45.53 41.70
280 The University of Tennessee at Knoxville (UTK), United States of America (USA) 40.21 41.70
281 VU Amsterdam, Netherlands 56.24 41.57
282 Shanghai University (SHU), China 32.68 41.50
283 University of Science and Technology Beijing (USTB), China 34.36 41.38
284 Cardiff University, United Kingdom (UK) 48.44 41.27
285 University of Konstanz, Germany 49.45 41.20
286 University of South Carolina - Columbia (SC), United States of America (USA) 36.91 41.19
287 Aalto University, Finland 45.73 41.05
288 University of Padova (UNIPD), Italy 38.42 40.87
289 University of Stuttgart, Germany 47.00 40.76
290 University of Sherbrooke (USherbrooke), Canada 25.82 40.37
291 Sapienza University of Rome, Italy 37.41 40.21
292 Northeast Normal University (NENU), China 25.50 40.12
293 University of Tsukuba, Japan 61.92 40.09
294 Washington State University (WSU), United States of America (USA) 34.17 40.05
295 The University of Texas at Dallas (UT Dallas), United States of America (USA) 31.79 39.75
296 Newcastle University, United Kingdom (UK) 39.64 39.34
297 China University of Geosciences (CUG), China 37.19 38.92
298 Complutense University of Madrid (UCM), Spain 39.11 38.63
299 Friedrich Schiller University Jena (FSU), Germany 43.21 38.47
300 Chongqing University (CQU), China 30.66 38.38
301 Chalmers University of Technology (Chalmers), Sweden 40.15 38.33
302 University of Bordeaux, France 32.37 38.11
303 The University of Adelaide (Adelaide Uni), Australia 34.21 38.09
304 The University of Oklahoma (OU), United States of America (USA) 39.75 37.98
305 Northeastern University (NEU), United States of America (USA) 36.83 37.78
306 Linköping University (LiU), Sweden 30.10 37.72
307 Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI), United States of America (USA) 34.99 37.48
308 The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU), China 35.42 37.36
309 The University of Akron (UAkron), United States of America (USA) 38.88 36.73
310 University of South Florida (USF), United States of America (USA) 43.54 36.39
311 Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IIT Madras), India 26.22 36.29
312 University of Sussex, United Kingdom (UK) 30.58 36.17
313 Wayne State University, United States of America (USA) 49.21 35.96
314 University of Strathclyde, United Kingdom (UK) 27.44 35.50
315 University of Maryland, Baltimore (UMB), United States of America (USA) 39.80 35.35
316 University of Milan (UNIMI), Italy 24.46 35.23
317 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Pune (IISER Pune), India 37.81 34.85
318 Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB), Spain 23.93 34.78
319 Northwest University (NWU), China 28.02 34.63
320 University of Warsaw (UW), Poland 33.61 34.58
321 National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico 36.69 34.57
322 China Pharmaceutical University (CPU), China 20.72 34.38
323 University of Lisbon (ULISBOA), Portugal 39.59 34.35
324 University of Missouri (Mizzou), United States of America (USA) 34.23 34.30
325 Nanjing University of Science and Technology (NUST), China 25.51 34.05
326 University of East Anglia (UEA), United Kingdom (UK) 18.20 33.96
327 National Chiao Tung University (NCTU), Taiwan 38.57 33.77
328 Simon Fraser University (SFU), Canada 33.41 33.64
329 Ulm University, Germany 37.68 33.59
330 Shenzhen University (SZU), China 17.09 33.50
331 University of Innsbruck (LFU), Austria 37.62 33.29
332 University of Florence (UNIFI), Italy 27.12 33.25
333 University of Victoria (UVic), Canada 25.03 33.08
334 Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur (IIT Kanpur), India 28.02 33.07
335 University of Bremen (Uni Bremen), Germany 26.67 32.90
336 University of Wollongong (UOW), Australia 29.91 32.84
337 University of Bath, United Kingdom (UK) 35.94 32.82
338 Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College (CAMS & PUMC), China 29.76 32.72
339 Waseda University, Japan 26.51 32.47
340 University of Santiago de Compostela (USC), Spain 33.43 32.19
341 Wuhan University of Technology (WUT), China 23.26 31.99
342 Dalhousie University, Canada 23.84 31.94
343 University of Gothenburg (GU), Sweden 34.17 31.81
344 University of Otago, New Zealand 31.78 31.54
345 Jagiellonian University (UJ), Poland 25.76 31.44
346 China Agricultural University (CAU), China 26.53 31.35
347 Shaanxi Normal University (SNNU), China 21.05 31.25
348 The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth), United States of America (USA) 25.67 31.14
349 Jinan University (JNU), China 18.47 30.81
350 University of Kiel (CAU), Germany 39.91 30.70
351 Leibniz University Hannover (LUH), Germany 27.32 30.54
352 Technical University of Darmstadt (TU Darmstadt), Germany 40.16 30.45
353 The University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB), United States of America (USA) 40.44 30.30
354 Charles University (CU), Czech Republic 28.81 30.19
355 Curtin University, Australia 37.35 30.17
356 Ewha Womans University (Ewha), South Korea 32.82 29.66
357 Boston College (BC), United States of America (USA) 30.51 29.50
358 Bar-Ilan University (BIU), Israel 32.11 29.43
359 Ocean University of China (OUC), China 20.41 29.37
360 National Institute of Applied Sciences (INSA), France 30.49 29.36
361 Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU), Germany 24.63 29.21
362 Umeå University (UMU), Sweden 25.52 29.12
363 Okayama University, Japan 25.76 28.97
364 Hiroshima University (HU), Japan 31.10 28.91
365 Technical University Braunschweig (TU Braunschweig), Germany 25.55 28.64
366 University of Bologna (UNIBO), Italy 32.21 28.31
367 University of Nevada, Reno (UNR), United States of America (USA) 24.14 28.21
368 Kobe University, Japan 30.21 28.13
369 The University of Auckland, New Zealand 20.73 27.49
370 Kanazawa University (KU), Japan 28.96 27.42
371 Changzhou University (CZU), China 14.89 27.14
372 Nanjing Normal University (NNU), China 20.96 27.11
373 Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati (SISSA), Italy 23.58 27.08
374 Shanxi University (SXU), China 18.59 27.00
375 Laval University (UL), Canada 23.65 26.97
376 Beijing University of Technology (BJUT), China 21.27 26.70
377 University of Liège (ULg), Belgium 27.20 26.70
378 Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU), United States of America (USA) 36.87 26.69
379 Drexel University, United States of America (USA) 28.60 26.67
380 National Cheng Kung University (NCKU), Taiwan 24.20 26.44
381 University of Central Florida (UCF), United States of America (USA) 25.44 26.27
382 University of Dundee, United Kingdom (UK) 31.38 26.24
383 École Normale Supérieure (ENS Paris), France 24.01 26.23
384 University of Antwerp (UA), Belgium 28.48 26.22
385 Lancaster University, United Kingdom (UK) 21.77 26.21
386 Catholic University of Louvain (UCLouvain), Belgium 36.33 25.97
387 Zhengzhou University (ZZU), China 23.99 25.79
388 University of Milano-Bicocca (UNIMIB), Italy 24.08 25.73
389 Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR), India 29.44 25.53
390 West Virginia University (WVU), United States of America (USA) 20.37 25.51
391 Georgia State University (GSU), United States of America (USA) 21.25 25.45
392 University of Electronic Science and Technology of China (UESTC), China 20.86 25.44
393 Clemson University, United States of America (USA) 29.46 25.36
394 Queen's University Belfast (QUB), United Kingdom (UK) 25.70 25.35
395 University of Turin (UNITO), Italy 27.08 25.31
396 University of Saskatchewan (U of S), Canada 31.42 25.18
397 Queen's University, Canada 29.58 25.13
398 Kyung Hee University (KHU), South Korea 24.23 25.02
399 University of Twente (UTwente), Netherlands 31.17 24.91
400 Institute of Science and Technology Austria (IST Austria), Austria 16.43 24.87
401 Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur (IIT Kharagpur), India 13.37 24.85
402 Griffith University, Australia 21.72 24.60
403 Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway 23.95 24.51
404 Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf (HHU), Germany 32.84 24.49
405 Macquarie University, Australia 20.91 24.49
406 University of Bergen (UIB), Norway 18.21 24.05
407 University of Fribourg (UNIFR), Switzerland 18.01 23.96
408 Giessen University (JLU), Germany 20.17 23.72
409 South China Normal University (SCNU), China 14.77 23.59
410 Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC), United States of America (USA) 25.00 23.52
411 ShanghaiTech University, China 10.09 23.40
412 Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati (IIT Guwahati), India 10.55 23.19
413 Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR), Netherlands 23.98 23.04
414 Graz University of Technology (TU Graz), Austria 18.36 22.87
415 Huazhong Agricultural University (HZAU), China 17.69 22.79
416 The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), United States of America (USA) 25.07 22.76
417 University of Naples Federico II (UNINA), Italy 25.51 22.72
418 University of Oviedo (UniOvi), Spain 27.40 22.63
419 University of Granada (UGR), Spain 24.52 22.38
420 University of Tasmania (UTAS), Australia 14.60 22.34
421 Masaryk University (MU), Czech Republic 17.82 22.15
422 University of Potsdam, Germany 34.96 21.94
423 University of Southern Denmark (SDU), Denmark 20.40 21.86
424 University of Vermont (UVM), United States of America (USA) 18.87 21.54
425 Swansea University, United Kingdom (UK) 19.68 21.20
426 Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST), Japan 17.47 21.17
427 University of Manitoba, Canada 17.33 20.93
428 Institute for Advanced Study (IAS), United States of America (USA) 25.86 20.86
429 University College Dublin (UCD), Ireland 21.85 20.77
430 Nanjing Agricultural University (NAU), China 12.82 20.72
431 University of Guelph, Canada 20.51 20.67
432 Zhejiang University of Technology (ZJUT), China 15.16 20.60
433 Chung-Ang University (CAU), South Korea 13.88 20.58
434 Capital Normal University (CNU), China 11.51 20.55
435 University of Reading, United Kingdom (UK) 23.86 20.45
436 State University of New York at Albany (SUNY Albany), United States of America (USA) 28.24 20.42
437 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Bhopal (IISER Bhopal), India 23.39 20.40
438 Chiba University, Japan 37.65 20.38
439 University of Graz (Uni Graz), Austria 14.73 20.26
440 Northwestern Polytechnical University (NPU), China 13.79 20.24
441 Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology (TUAT), Japan 17.44 20.17
442 University of Aveiro (UA), Portugal 12.55 19.99
443 Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Sweden 14.79 19.94
444 University of Buenos Aires (UBA), Argentina 17.40 19.83
445 University of Siegen, Germany 21.05 19.72
446 Thomas Jefferson University (TJU), United States of America (USA) 18.92 19.66
447 University of Jyväskylä, Finland 19.03 19.65
448 Polytechnic University of Milan, Italy 21.10 19.58
449 University of Nebraska Medical Center (UNMC), United States of America (USA) 17.16 19.51
450 University of Wyoming, United States of America (USA) 16.43 19.49
451 Texas Tech University (TTU), United States of America (USA) 23.42 19.43
452 Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Brazil 20.09 19.37
453 University of Jinan (UJN), China 16.89 19.35
454 University of Trento (UNITN), Italy 10.24 19.20
455 Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research (AcSIR), India 20.85 19.16
456 Montana State University, United States of America (USA) 12.15 19.12
457 Tokyo University of Science (TUS), Japan 18.82 18.96
458 Bielefeld University, Germany 20.00 18.90
459 University of Leicester, United Kingdom (UK) 24.40 18.84
460 Grenoble Institute of Technology (Grenoble INP), France 18.56 18.74
461 Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology (NUIST), China 16.29 18.67
462 Renmin University of China (RUC), China 18.46 18.66
463 Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology (RMIT University), Australia 24.87 18.59
464 Henan Normal University, China 20.18 18.51
465 Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST), South Korea 26.78 18.43
466 Pusan National University (PNU), South Korea 25.62 18.39
467 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Kolkata (IISER Kolkata), India 9.83 18.34
468 Jiangsu Normal University (JSNU), China 15.53 18.17
469 Indian Institute of Technology Delhi (IIT Delhi), India 8.55 18.05
470 Kumamoto University, Japan 13.03 18.03
471 Lehigh University, United States of America (USA) 19.93 18.02
472 The University of Texas at Arlington (UTA), United States of America (USA) 18.10 17.96
473 Saint Petersburg State University (SPbU), Russia 20.92 17.86
474 Victoria University of Wellington (Victoria), New Zealand 15.67 17.84
475 Henan University (HENU), China 10.83 17.65
476 University of Porto (UP), Portugal 16.11 17.57
477 Hannover Medical School (MHH), Germany 16.60 17.55
478 São Paulo State University (UNESP), Brazil 15.95 17.47
479 Saarland University (Saar-Uni), Germany 26.71 17.39
480 Medical University of Vienna (MUW), Austria 15.70 17.33
481 Nara Institute of Science and Technology (NAIST), Japan 17.01 17.28
482 University of Rennes 1, France 13.82 17.22
483 Nanchang University (NCU), China 10.84 17.22
484 Ajou University (AJOU), South Korea 12.77 17.17
485 University of Tromsø - The Arctic University of Norway (UiT), Norway 10.97 16.99
486 University of Chile, Chile 14.05 16.94
487 Army Medical University, China 17.26 16.93
488 Johannes Kepler University of Linz (JKU), Austria 11.90 16.92
489 Hong Kong Baptist University (HKBU), China 21.69 16.87
490 The George Washington University (GW), United States of America (USA) 16.97 16.86
491 Georgetown University, United States of America (USA) 22.67 16.71
492 Nanjing Medical University (NJMU), China 14.45 16.58
493 Nagoya Institute of Technology (NITech), Japan 20.02 16.51
494 National Central University (NCU), Taiwan 16.47 16.48
495 University of Aberdeen, United Kingdom (UK) 15.99 16.38
496 École Normale Supérieure de Lyon (ENS de Lyon), France 15.89 16.34
497 Osaka Prefecture University (OPU), Japan 17.40 16.26
498 University of North Texas (UNT), United States of America (USA) 8.70 16.25
499 Syracuse University, United States of America (USA) 22.46 16.23
500 The University of Toledo (UT), United States of America (USA) 20.32 16.22

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.