2018 tables: Institutions - academic

Table criteria

The 2018 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2017 to 31 December 2017.

2017 Institution FC 2016 FC 2017
1 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 880.71 906.36
2 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 603.7 613.94
3 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 576.48 530.36
4 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 427.87 470.39
5 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 437.4 417.57
6 University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 383.03 406.56
7 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 466.63 405.45
8 Peking University (PKU), China 386.16 393.64
9 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 355.64 382.31
10 Tsinghua University, China 315.87 354.44
11 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 321.43 334.6
12 Nanjing University (NJU), China 319.47 328.18
13 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 333.78 328.09
14 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 327.07 320.77
15 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 312.04 307.65
16 Kyoto University, Japan 264.34 306.97
17 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 306.86 306.81
18 University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), China 275.83 304.73
19 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 349.15 302.67
20 Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA) 284.82 295.68
21 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 291.99 284.98
22 University of Pennsylvania (Penn), United States of America (USA) 260.77 278.75
23 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 267.93 268.7
24 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 287.79 267.5
25 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 258.28 260.68
26 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS), China 156.86 256.89
27 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 258.89 256.61
28 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 229 250.45
29 Zhejiang University (ZJU), China 220.34 243.08
30 Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore 233.93 241.77
31 Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 244.25 240.36
32 National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore 209.44 229.88
33 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 251.1 223.27
34 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 208.41 223.11
35 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 226.25 220.92
36 Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), India 164.1 217.39
37 Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL), United States of America (USA) 193.58 209.02
38 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 233.71 207.4
39 Fudan University, China 184.54 205.49
40 University College London (UCL), United Kingdom (UK) 213.32 203.31
41 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 233.72 201.28
42 University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA) 187.86 200.69
43 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 203.44 198.53
44 The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), United States of America (USA) 181.82 197.25
45 Osaka University, Japan 196.84 188.53
46 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 176.57 186.92
47 University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), United States of America (USA) 200.12 185.29
48 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 180.71 181.12
49 Duke University, United States of America (USA) 209.35 179.42
50 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 181.09 175.41
51 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 168.29 174.97
52 Texas A&M University (TAMU), United States of America (USA) 135.69 171.18
53 New York University (NYU), United States of America (USA) 165.69 169.73
54 Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU), China 128.29 169.46
55 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 156.57 164.5
56 University of California, Irvine (UCI), United States of America (USA) 164.5 164.49
57 Seoul National University (SNU), South Korea 165.97 164.35
58 Soochow University, China 150.67 161.11
59 Wuhan University (WHU), China 121.41 159.81
60 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 138.1 159.38
61 Nankai University (NKU), China 152.94 155.64
62 The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center (UT Southwestern Medical Center), United States of America (USA) 127.43 153.56
63 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 119.06 153.28
64 Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), South Korea 157.77 152.94
65 Sun Yat-sen University (SYSU), China 117.48 151.65
66 University of California, Davis (UC Davis), United States of America (USA) 146.01 150.34
67 University of Pittsburgh (Pitt), United States of America (USA) 145.31 149.41
68 Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), United States of America (USA) 145.87 149.19
69 Purdue University, United States of America (USA) 145.62 148.55
70 McGill University, Canada 174.12 148.07
71 Xiamen University (XMU), China 124.4 146.15
72 Tohoku University, Japan 175.41 144.06
73 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 152.79 141.91
74 The University of Utah (Utah), United States of America (USA) 108.5 135.03
75 The Ohio State University (OSU), United States of America (USA) 145.71 134.17
76 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 121.71 130.74
77 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 144.98 130.06
78 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (RU), United States of America (USA) 156.68 129.6
79 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 143.52 127.78
80 Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), Japan 138.03 127.59
81 Sichuan University (SCU), China 101.98 126.88
82 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 126.46 126.67
83 Vanderbilt University (VU), United States of America (USA) 116 121.48
84 The University of British Columbia (UBC), Canada 130.36 120.49
85 Nagoya University, Japan 133.29 120.41
86 Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium 115.14 119.55
87 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Germany 134.25 119.3
88 University of Würzburg, Germany 100.59 118.86
89 University of Florida (UF), United States of America (USA) 113.63 118.45
90 University of Southern California (USC), United States of America (USA) 135.66 117.93
91 The University of Queensland (UQ), Australia 118.33 117.92
92 Hokkaido University, Japan 118.39 117.1
93 Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HUJI), Israel 121.25 116.82
94 Rice University, United States of America (USA) 105.57 116.05
95 Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST), China 91.56 114.29
96 University of Münster (WWU), Germany 102.27 112.5
97 Monash University, Australia 132.46 111.88
98 University of Groningen (RUG), Netherlands 104.36 111.69
99 King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Saudi Arabia 107.96 111.02
100 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 116.98 110.85
101 University of Basel (UB), Switzerland 103.67 110.13
102 Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST), China 101.23 109.51
103 Lanzhou University (LZU), China 101.21 107.4
104 Pierre and Marie Curie University (UPMC) - Paris 6, France 105.19 107.23
105 University of Göttingen, Germany 98 104.92
106 University of California, Riverside (UCR), United States of America (USA) 99.09 104.16
107 Emory University, United States of America (USA) 102.7 103.96
108 University of New South Wales (UNSW), Australia 123.13 103.06
109 Arizona State University (ASU), United States of America (USA) 96.66 101.65
110 Jilin University (JLU), China 89.93 101.36
111 Indiana University (IU), United States of America (USA) 114.83 101.09
112 The Rockefeller University, United States of America (USA) 97.54 100.45
113 University of Alberta (U of A), Canada 106.42 99.4
114 Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research (IISER), India 96.63 98.33
115 South China University of Technology (SCUT), China 77.86 98.17
116 Uppsala University (UU), Sweden 94.9 97.38
117 Kyushu University, Japan 113.79 97.01
118 Boston University (BU), United States of America (USA) 110.99 95.45
119 University of Freiburg (Uni Freiburg), Germany 74.68 94.77
120 The University of Hong Kong (HKU), China 72.91 93.48
121 RWTH Aachen University (RWTH Aachen), Germany 91.92 93.19
122 Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), Germany 94.84 93.06
123 Free University of Berlin (FU Berlin), Germany 85.61 92.34
124 Dresden University of Technology (TU Dresden), Germany 84.85 90.86
125 Tel Aviv University (TAU), Israel 75.77 90.66
126 The University of Arizona (Arizona), United States of America (USA) 92.92 89.93
127 Shandong University (SDU), China 89.71 89.65
128 Baylor College of Medicine (BCM), United States of America (USA) 93.45 89.62
129 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 80.5 89.26
130 Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT), China 78.45 89.05
131 The University of Melbourne (UniMelb), Australia 100.59 88.77
132 Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU), China 73.28 88.75
133 Hunan University (HNU), China 82.76 88.6
134 University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU), Germany 82.74 88.08
135 North Carolina State University (NCSU), United States of America (USA) 83.83 87.8
136 Beijing Normal University (BNU), China 76 86.92
137 Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), South Korea 100.18 86.62
138 University of Massachusetts Amherst (UMass Amherst), United States of America (USA) 80.19 86.34
139 East China Normal University (ECNU), China 76.75 86.32
140 Technion-Israel Institute of Technology (IIT), Israel 104.47 85.88
141 Leiden University, Netherlands 80.98 85.79
142 Australian National University (ANU), Australia 102.56 84.59
143 Indian Institute of Science (IISc), India 86.77 84.53
144 Lund University (LU), Sweden 95.62 83.89
145 Brown University, United States of America (USA) 80.64 83.21
146 National Taiwan University (NTU), Taiwan 91.82 82.43
147 East China University of Science and Technology (ECUST), China 86.9 82.41
148 Stockholm University, Sweden 77.5 82.17
149 State University of New York at Stony Brook (SUNY Stony Brook), United States of America (USA) 81.47 82.06
150 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 74.21 81.7
151 Michigan State University (MSU), United States of America (USA) 70.73 81.61
152 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 92.72 80.78
153 University of Bonn (Uni Bonn), Germany 88.91 80.43
154 Aarhus University (AU), Denmark 95.98 80.35
155 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 91.05 80.05
156 Tianjin University (TJU), China 69.5 78.59
157 University of Virginia (UVA), United States of America (USA) 72.01 78.42
158 Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Denmark 85.32 78.23
159 Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), South Korea 63 78.19
160 University of Amsterdam (UvA), Netherlands 77.13 78.06
161 Colorado State University, United States of America (USA) 59.18 77.16
162 Radboud University Nijmegen (RU), Netherlands 95.43 77.15
163 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 71.54 76.97
164 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, United States of America (USA) 85.88 76.82
165 The University of Warwick (Warwick), United Kingdom (UK) 81.09 76.47
166 Karolinska Institute (KI), Sweden 73.85 76.2
167 University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen), Germany 71.47 76.01
168 Southeast University (SEU), China 66.07 75.78
169 Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU), South Korea 75.03 75.59
170 University of Montreal (UdeM), Canada 78.58 75.28
171 Tongji University, China 59.76 75.28
172 Yonsei University, South Korea 91.1 74.17
173 Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), United States of America (USA) 76.67 72.84
174 Humboldt University of Berlin (HU Berlin), Germany 74.74 72.72
175 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 88.37 72.68
176 University of Paris Sud (UPSud), France 72.2 72.07
177 University of Connecticut (UConn), United States of America (USA) 45.98 71.87
178 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech), United States of America (USA) 58.75 71.39
179 The University of Iowa (UI), United States of America (USA) 81.86 71.17
180 University of Barcelona (UB), Spain 70.71 69.59
181 University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC), United States of America (USA) 57.31 69.46
182 The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK), China 64.98 69.14
183 The University of Sydney (USYD), Australia 79.55 69.09
184 University of Waterloo, Canada 71.51 68.48
185 Case Western Reserve University (CWRU), United States of America (USA) 83.12 68.38
186 Goethe University Frankfurt am Main (GU), Germany 69.27 68.35
187 University of Rochester (UR), United States of America (USA) 77.92 68.32
188 Southern University of Science and Technology (SUSTech), China 30.19 67.65
189 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 73.61 67.34
190 The University of Georgia (UGA), United States of America (USA) 79.43 67.21
191 Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin), Germany 63.29 67.14
192 Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e), Netherlands 67.2 66.96
193 Iowa State University, United States of America (USA) 60.92 66.83
194 University of Vienna, Austria 61.2 66.68
195 University of Oslo (UiO), Norway 60.55 66.42
196 University of Notre Dame (ND), United States of America (USA) 65.54 66.25
197 The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom (UK) 68.35 65.78
198 Homi Bhabha National Institute (HBNI), India 53.25 64.8
199 Ghent University (UGent), Belgium 68.68 64.31
200 Dalian University of Technology (DUT), China 45.6 63.99
201 University of Bern, Switzerland 66.69 63.99
202 University of Ottawa (uOttawa), Canada 64.44 63.74
203 Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai (ISMMS), MSHS, United States of America (USA) 72.49 63.72
204 University of Regensburg (UR), Germany 75.58 62.83
205 Southwest University (SWU), China 43.01 62.75
206 Keio University, Japan 68.8 62.34
207 University of Cincinnati (UC), United States of America (USA) 60.86 61.9
208 National Tsing Hua University (NTHU), Taiwan 58.86 61.45
209 University of Nebraska-Lincoln (UNL), United States of America (USA) 70.99 61.01
210 The University of Nottingham (UoN), United Kingdom (UK) 66.84 60.68
211 Grenoble Alpes University (UGA), France 60.12 60.67
212 Florida State University (FSU), United States of America (USA) 71.63 60.55
213 University of Helsinki, Finland 51.7 60.12
214 University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMass Medical School), United States of America (USA) 64.65 58.13
215 Dartmouth College, United States of America (USA) 39.72 57.92
216 University of Strasbourg, France 65.48 57.42
217 University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 54.34 57.23
218 University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC), United States of America (USA) 68.97 57.02
219 University of São Paulo (USP), Brazil 50.22 56.86
220 Oregon State University, United States of America (USA) 57.5 56.51
221 Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM), Spain 76.63 56.25
222 University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus (CU Anschutz), United States of America (USA) 50.62 55.96
223 Ruhr University Bochum (RUB), Germany 55.37 55.93
224 Korea University (KU), South Korea 62.67 55.92
225 KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden 50.88 55.26
226 Paris Diderot University (Paris 7), France 52.87 55.19
227 University of Lausanne (UNIL), Switzerland 50.47 54.93
228 University of Cologne (UoC), Germany 69.81 54.7
229 University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Spain 55.87 54.58
230 Vienna University of Technology (TU Wien), Austria 48.87 54.03
231 Beihang University (BUAA), China 50.01 53.73
232 University of Birmingham (UB), United Kingdom (UK) 49.62 53.51
233 Beijing University of Chemical Technology (BUCT), China 48.08 53.13
234 University of Calgary (U of C), Canada 54.45 53.12
235 University of Oregon (UO), United States of America (USA) 61.25 53.08
236 University of Houston (UH), United States of America (USA) 55.66 53.02
237 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 43.64 52.89
238 Shandong Normal University (SDNU), China 34.39 52.39
239 Albert Einstein College of Medicine (Einstein), United States of America (USA) 52.78 52.35
240 Beijing Institute of Technology (BIT), China 53.84 52.15
241 University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 68.28 51.84
242 Wageningen University & Research (WUR), Netherlands 32.7 51.68
243 Nanjing Tech University (NanjingTech), China 42.45 50.75
244 University of Toulouse, France 50.7 50.16
245 China University of Geosciences (CUG), China 45.62 50.13
246 The University of Kansas (KU), United States of America (USA) 44.85 49.97
247 Leipzig University, Germany 47.34 49.93
248 University of Delaware (UD), United States of America (USA) 47.22 48.81
249 The City University of New York (CUNY), United States of America (USA) 44.42 48.81
250 The University of Dublin, Ireland 49.34 48.69
251 Aix-Marseille University (AMU), France 48.07 47.88
252 Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU), Russia 42.63 47.6
253 Tufts University, United States of America (USA) 48.96 47.46
254 Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU), Israel 42.48 47.15
255 Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU), United States of America (USA) 56.7 47.1
256 McMaster University, Canada 49.3 46.82
257 The University of New Mexico (UNM), United States of America (USA) 41 46.7
258 University of Miami (UM), United States of America (USA) 55.53 46.55
259 Western University (UWO), Canada 44.2 46.24
260 University at Buffalo, The State University of New York (SUNY UB), United States of America (USA) 65.31 46.16
261 Philipps University of Marburg (Uni Marburg), Germany 45.41 46.04
262 Central South University (CSU), China 25.81 45.86
263 University of Hawai'i at Manoa (UH Mānoa), United States of America (USA) 56.56 45.59
264 Hanyang University (HYU), South Korea 52.14 45.56
265 Central China Normal University (CCNU), China 43.5 45.46
266 University of Valencia (UV), Spain 49.71 44.86
267 University of Lyon, France 47.73 44.56
268 Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), United Kingdom (UK) 44.58 44.24
269 Brandeis University, United States of America (USA) 46.8 43.83
270 University of Bayreuth (UBT), Germany 54.99 43.81
271 City University of Hong Kong (CityU), China 43.77 43.68
272 Temple University, United States of America (USA) 56.2 43.5
273 Louisiana State University (LSU), United States of America (USA) 34.09 43.19
274 University of Duisburg-Essen (UDE), Germany 35.17 43.02
275 Fuzhou University (FZU), China 28.62 42.97
276 University of Kentucky (UK), United States of America (USA) 39.36 42.88
277 University of York, United Kingdom (UK) 44.39 42.78
278 The University of Western Australia (UWA), Australia 34.04 42.56
279 TU Dortmund University, Germany 29.45 41.81
280 University of Montpellier, France 41.89 41.66
281 Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Belgium 45.53 41.64
282 The University of Tennessee at Knoxville (UTK), United States of America (USA) 39.75 41.61
283 University of Science and Technology Beijing (USTB), China 34.36 41.38
284 University of Konstanz, Germany 49.41 41.2
285 University of South Carolina - Columbia (SC), United States of America (USA) 36.91 41.18
286 VU University Amsterdam, Netherlands 55.93 41.05
287 University of Padova (UNIPD), Italy 38.09 40.83
288 University of Stuttgart, Germany 46.91 40.75
289 Shanghai University (SHU), China 32.68 40.64
290 University of Bordeaux, France 35.04 40.6
291 Aalto University, Finland 44.88 40.53
292 Cardiff University, United Kingdom (UK) 48.44 40.18
293 Sapienza University of Rome, Italy 37.41 40.16
294 Washington State University (WSU), United States of America (USA) 34.17 40.04
295 Northeast Normal University (NENU), China 25.5 39.95
296 University of Tsukuba, Japan 61.92 39.94
297 University of Lisbon (ULISBOA), Portugal 44.57 39.47
298 The University of Texas at Dallas (UT Dallas), United States of America (USA) 31.79 39.45
299 University of Sherbrooke (USherbrooke), Canada 25.82 39.37
300 Newcastle University, United Kingdom (UK) 39.55 39.25
301 Friedrich Schiller University Jena (FSU), Germany 43.93 39.18
302 Chalmers University of Technology (Chalmers), Sweden 40.17 38.61
303 Chongqing University (CQU), China 30.52 38.38
304 Complutense University of Madrid (UCM), Spain 39.08 38.35
305 The University of Adelaide (Adelaide Uni), Australia 34.21 37.97
306 Northeastern University (NEU), United States of America (USA) 36.85 37.83
307 The University of Oklahoma (OU), United States of America (USA) 39.75 37.59
308 Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI), United States of America (USA) 34.99 37.48
309 The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU), China 35.45 37.33
310 Linköping University (LiU), Sweden 30.06 37.08
311 University of Sussex (US), United Kingdom (UK) 30.82 36.5
312 The University of Akron (UAkron), United States of America (USA) 38.88 36.43
313 University of South Florida (USF), United States of America (USA) 43.54 36.37
314 University of Maryland, Baltimore (UMB), United States of America (USA) 39.87 36.19
315 University of Strathclyde, United Kingdom (UK) 27.44 35.5
316 Wayne State University (WSU), United States of America (USA) 49.21 35.31
317 University of Milan (UNIMI), Italy 24.48 35.03
318 Northwest University (NWU), China 28.02 34.63
319 University of Warsaw (UW), Poland 33.61 34.56
320 Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB), Spain 25.26 34.54
321 China Pharmaceutical University (CPU), China 20.72 34.38
322 University of Missouri (Mizzou), United States of America (USA) 34.23 34.29
323 Nanjing University of Science and Technology (NUST), China 25.51 34.05
324 National Chiao Tung University (NCTU), Taiwan 38.57 33.77
325 University of East Anglia (UEA), United Kingdom (UK) 18.13 33.62
326 Shenzhen University (SZU), China 17.08 33.4
327 University of Florence (UNIFI), Italy 27.46 33.39
328 Simon Fraser University (SFU), Canada 33.41 33.38
329 University of Innsbruck (LFU), Austria 37.64 33.35
330 Ulm University, Germany 37.23 33.26
331 University of Victoria (UVic), Canada 25.08 32.92
332 National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico 36.69 32.85
333 University of Bremen (Uni Bremen), Germany 26.67 32.84
334 The University of Wollongong (UOW), Australia 29.91 32.84
335 Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College (CAMS & PUMC), China 29.76 32.67
336 University of Bath, United Kingdom (UK) 35.94 32.52
337 Waseda University, Japan 26.51 32.46
338 Wuhan University of Technology (WUT), China 23.26 31.99
339 University of Santiago de Compostela (USC), Spain 33.26 31.79
340 University of Gothenburg (GU), Sweden 34.17 31.76
341 Dalhousie University, Canada 24.13 31.72
342 China Agricultural University (CAU), China 26.38 31.43
343 Jagiellonian University (UJ), Poland 25.73 31.4
344 Shaanxi Normal University (SNNU), China 21.05 31.25
345 Jinan University (JNU), China 18.48 30.89
346 University of Otago, New Zealand 31.78 30.77
347 University of Kiel (CAU), Germany 39.93 30.66
348 University of Hannover (LUH), Germany 27.32 30.6
349 Darmstadt University of Technology (TU Darmstadt), Germany 40.16 30.45
350 University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB), United States of America (USA) 40.44 30.18
351 Curtin University, Australia 37.35 30.16
352 Charles University (CU), Czech Republic 28.92 29.75
353 Ewha Womans University (Ewha), South Korea 32.82 29.65
354 Boston College (BC), United States of America (USA) 30.51 29.5
355 Bar-Ilan University (BIU), Israel 32.11 29.42
356 National Institute of Applied Sciences (INSA), France 30.49 29.36
357 Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU), Germany 24.72 29.19
358 Okayama University, Japan 25.76 28.95
359 Hiroshima University (HU), Japan 31.1 28.91
360 Umeå University (UMU), Sweden 25.52 28.73
361 Ocean University of China (OUC), China 20.36 28.25
362 University of Bologna (UNIBO), Italy 32.18 28.25
363 University of Nevada, Reno (UNR), United States of America (USA) 24.14 28.07
364 Braunschweig University of Technology (TU Braunschweig), Germany 25.48 27.95
365 Kanazawa University (KU), Japan 28.96 27.62
366 The University of Auckland, New Zealand 20.73 27.49
367 Changzhou University (CZU), China 14.89 27.14
368 Kobe University, Japan 30.21 27.1
369 International School for Advanced Studies (ISAS), Italy 23.58 27.08
370 Nanjing Normal University (NNU), China 20.96 27.03
371 Shanxi University (SXU), China 18.59 26.99
372 Laval University (UL), Canada 23.65 26.96
373 Drexel University, United States of America (USA) 28.6 26.67
374 Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU), United States of America (USA) 36.87 26.62
375 Beijing University of Technology (BJUT), China 21.44 26.56
376 National Cheng Kung University (NCKU), Taiwan 24.2 26.42
377 University of Liège (ULg), Belgium 27.19 26.32
378 University of Central Florida (UCF), United States of America (USA) 25.44 26.27
379 University of Antwerp (UA), Belgium 28.34 26.18
380 École Normale Supérieure (ENS Paris), France 23.91 25.93
381 Lancaster University, United Kingdom (UK) 21.47 25.67
382 University of Milano-Bicocca (UNIMIB), Italy 24.08 25.66
383 Catholic University of Louvain (UCL), Belgium 35.98 25.65
384 Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR), India 29.44 25.53
385 University of Dundee, United Kingdom (UK) 31.38 25.53
386 Georgia State University (GSU), United States of America (USA) 21.25 25.45
387 University of Electronic Science and Technology of China (UESTC), China 20.86 25.44
388 Clemson University, United States of America (USA) 29.46 25.36
389 Queen's University Belfast (QUB), United Kingdom (UK) 25.7 25.34
390 Zhengzhou University (ZZU), China 23.81 25.22
391 Queen's University, Canada 29.58 25.12
392 University of Saskatchewan (U of S), Canada 31.43 25.06
393 University of Twente (UTwente), Netherlands 31.17 25.04
394 Kyung Hee University (KHU), South Korea 24.23 25.02
395 Institute of Science and Technology Austria (IST Austria), Austria 16.43 24.87
396 University of Turin (UNITO), Italy 27.66 24.56
397 Macquarie University, Australia 20.91 24.53
398 West Virginia University (WVU), United States of America (USA) 19.37 24.51
399 Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway 23.95 24.5
400 Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL), United States of America (USA) 18.61 24.49
401 Griffith University, Australia 21.72 24.49
402 Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf (HHU), Germany 32.66 24.09
403 University of Fribourg (UNIFR), Switzerland 18.01 23.95
404 ShanghaiTech University, China 10.09 23.73
405 South China Normal University (SCNU), China 14.77 23.59
406 Giessen University (JLU), Germany 20.2 23.45
407 University of Bergen (UIB), Norway 18.22 23.1
408 Graz University of Technology (TU Graz), Austria 18.36 22.87
409 Huazhong Agricultural University (HZAU), China 17.69 22.78
410 Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR), Netherlands 23.98 22.75
411 The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), United States of America (USA) 25.07 22.64
412 University of Oviedo (UniOvi), Spain 27.4 22.63
413 University of Naples Federico II (UNINA), Italy 25.51 22.4
414 Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC), United States of America (USA) 25 22.23
415 University of Tasmania (UTAS), Australia 14.6 22.08
416 Masaryk University (MU), Czech Republic 17.82 22.02
417 University of Granada (UGR), Spain 25.23 22.02
418 University of Southern Denmark (SDU), Denmark 20.26 21.65
419 University of Potsdam, Germany 34.96 21.59
420 University of Vermont (UVM), United States of America (USA) 18.87 21.51
421 China University of Petroleum (CUP), China 17.02 21.22
422 Swansea University, United Kingdom (UK) 19.68 21.2
423 Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST), Japan 17.47 21.17
424 Institute for Advanced Study (IAS), United States of America (USA) 25.86 20.86
425 University of Guelph, Canada 20.51 20.66
426 Zhejiang University of Technology (ZJUT), China 15.16 20.63
427 University College Dublin (UCD), Ireland 21.85 20.62
428 Chung-Ang University (CAU), South Korea 13.88 20.58
429 Capital Normal University (CNU), China 11.51 20.55
430 State University of New York at Albany (SUNY Albany), United States of America (USA) 28.24 20.37
431 University of Manitoba, Canada 17.36 20.28
432 University of Graz (Uni Graz), Austria 14.73 20.26
433 Northwestern Polytechnical University (NPU), China 13.79 20.24
434 Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology (TUAT), Japan 17.44 20.17
435 University of Aveiro (UA), Portugal 12.55 19.84
436 Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Sweden 14.77 19.84
437 University of Jyväskylä, Finland 19.03 19.82
438 University of Buenos Aires (UBA), Argentina 17.4 19.82
439 Chiba University, Japan 37.65 19.78
440 University of Siegen, Germany 21.05 19.71
441 Thomas Jefferson University (TJU), United States of America (USA) 18.9 19.66
442 Paris Descartes University (Paris 5), France 16.04 19.61
443 Polytechnic University of Milan, Italy 21.08 19.57
444 University of Wyoming, United States of America (USA) 16.43 19.49
445 Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Brazil 20.12 19.38
446 University of Jinan (UJN), China 16.89 19.35
447 Texas Tech University (TTU), United States of America (USA) 23.42 19.26
448 University of Trento (UNITN), Italy 10.24 19.16
449 Montana State University, United States of America (USA) 12.15 19.12
450 Tokyo University of Science (TUS), Japan 18.82 18.96
451 University of Reading, United Kingdom (UK) 23.98 18.92
452 Bielefeld University, Germany 20 18.9
453 Renmin University of China (RUC), China 18.46 18.66
454 Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology (RMIT University), Australia 24.87 18.64
455 Henan Normal University (HTU), China 20.18 18.45
456 Jiangsu Normal University (JSNU), China 15.53 18.17
457 Lehigh University, United States of America (USA) 19.93 18.01
458 University of Nebraska Medical Center (UNMC), United States of America (USA) 17.94 18
459 Kumamoto University, Japan 13.03 17.99
460 Pusan National University (PNU), South Korea 25.62 17.89
461 Georgetown University, United States of America (USA) 24.9 17.86
462 The University of Texas at Arlington (UTA), United States of America (USA) 18.1 17.85
463 University of Porto (UP), Portugal 16.31 17.85
464 Victoria University of Wellington (Victoria), New Zealand 15.67 17.84
465 University of Leicester, United Kingdom (UK) 24.6 17.8
466 Nanjing Agricultural University (NAU), China 11.95 17.76
467 Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology (NUIST), China 16.29 17.65
468 Henan University (HENU), China 10.83 17.65
469 Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST), South Korea 26.78 17.6
470 São Paulo State University (UNESP), Brazil 15.95 17.47
471 Saarland University (Saar-Uni), Germany 26.71 17.39
472 Nara Institute of Science and Technology (NAIST), Japan 17.01 17.28
473 Nanchang University (NCU), China 10.84 17.22
474 University of Rennes 1, France 13.82 17.21
475 Ajou University (AJOU), South Korea 12.77 17.17
476 Medical University of Vienna (MUW), Austria 15.7 17.13
477 University of Chile, Chile 14.57 16.98
478 Saint Petersburg State University (SPbU), Russia 20.92 16.91
479 Johannes Kepler University of Linz (JKU), Austria 11.89 16.91
480 Hong Kong Baptist University (HKBU), China 21.85 16.89
481 Nanjing Medical University (NJMU), China 14.45 16.88
482 The George Washington University (GW), United States of America (USA) 16.97 16.86
483 École Normale Supérieure de Lyon (ENS de Lyon), France 16.16 16.76
484 Hannover Medical School (MHH), Germany 16.52 16.73
485 Nagoya Institute of Technology (NITech), Japan 20.02 16.51
486 National Central University (NCU), Taiwan 16.47 16.43
487 Third Military Medical University (TMMU), China 17.37 16.33
488 Osaka Prefecture University (OPU), Japan 17.4 16.26
489 University of North Texas (UNT), United States of America (USA) 8.7 16.25
490 The University of Toledo (UT), United States of America (USA) 20.32 16.22
491 Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications (NUPT), China 21.06 16.18
492 University of Louisville (UofL), United States of America (USA) 15.65 16.14
493 Syracuse University, United States of America (USA) 22.46 16.1
494 The University of Alabama (UA), United States of America (USA) 10.26 16.1
495 Hefei University of Technology (HFUT), China 22.49 16.09
496 Heriot-Watt University, United Kingdom (UK) 22.15 16.05
497 University of Tromsø - The Arctic University of Norway (UiT), Norway 10.96 16.04
498 University of Aberdeen, United Kingdom (UK) 16 16.03
499 Zhejiang Normal University (ZJNU), China 10.07 16
500 University of Tartu (UT), Estonia 12.43 15.84

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. It is important for users to understand that the data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, that they cover the natural sciences only and that outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output). We encourage users to combine the free-to-access Nature Index data with information from other sources.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted FC accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. FC values have been adjusted to 2018 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.