2018 tables: Countries/territories

Table criteria

The 2018 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2017 to 31 December 2017.

2017 Country/territory FC 2016 FC 2017
1 United States of America (USA) 20089.59 19579.02
2 China 8115.22 9088.65
3 Germany 4511.5 4363.57
4 United Kingdom (UK) 3808.17 3608.77
5 Japan 3185.2 3053.47
6 France 2325.38 2161.57
7 Canada 1588.41 1542.12
8 Switzerland 1353.04 1322.48
9 South Korea 1337.38 1281.47
10 Spain 1209.96 1075.48
11 Australia 1182.23 1060.47
12 Italy 1052.52 1011.86
13 India 915.18 956.86
14 Netherlands 933.58 892.77
15 Singapore 554.69 596.23
16 Sweden 586.7 591.36
17 Israel 596.18 577.14
18 Taiwan 445.6 420.4
19 Russia 402.2 404.8
20 Belgium 451.36 392.59
21 Austria 335.39 367.42
22 Denmark 400.27 354.22
23 Brazil 255.22 257.18
24 Poland 209.17 217.35
25 Czech Republic 173.17 191.18
26 Finland 202.86 189.65
27 Norway 161.96 186.82
28 Saudi Arabia 137.98 137.3
29 Portugal 140.68 131.92
30 New Zealand 125.64 125.36
31 Ireland 133.22 122.48
32 Chile 82.18 95.29
33 Argentina 91.88 94.5
34 Iran 91.68 87.43
35 Greece 88.83 79.73
36 Mexico 79.15 76.62
37 Hungary 78.39 76.15
38 South Africa 60.95 67.59
39 Turkey 78.88 61.6
40 Slovenia 36.39 39.42
41 Pakistan 29.74 39.32
42 Thailand 29.64 36.67
43 Iceland 23.08 26.27
44 Croatia 22.07 25.79
45 Estonia 21.7 24.39
46 Ukraine 27.68 21.23
47 Romania 26.28 21.06
48 Luxembourg 20.57 19.97
49 United Arab Emirates 17.14 18.69
50 Colombia 24.37 16.7

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. It is important for users to understand that the data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, that they cover the natural sciences only and that outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output). We encourage users to combine the free-to-access Nature Index data with information from other sources.

The tables were last updated on 7 June 2018 with the most recent institution and article corrections.

*The change in adjusted FC accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. FC values have been adjusted to 2017 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.

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