2017 tables: Institutions - NPO/NGO

Table criteria

The 2017 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2016 to 31 December 2016.

2016 Institution FC 2015 FC 2016
1 Max Planck Society, Germany 732.58 759.71
2 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 537.39 526.35
3 Leibniz Association, Germany 219.87 205.7
4 Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Russia 161.02 173.45
5 The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI), United States of America (USA) 131.33 147.71
6 Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology (BIST), Spain 98.65 119.21
7 Salk Institute for Biological Studies (Salk), United States of America (USA) 53.72 50.4
8 Carnegie Institution for Science (CIS), United States of America (USA) 44.68 45.5
9 HHMI Janelia Farm Research Campus, United States of America (USA) 51.66 44.98
10 Pasteur Institute, France 34.8 39.58
11 Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), United States of America (USA) 42.29 37.31
12 Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center (FHCRC), United States of America (USA) 30.41 35.72
13 Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics (PI), Canada 47.84 34.2
14 Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science (IACS), India 43.8 29
15 Vienna Biocenter (VBC), Austria 15.58 28.81
16 Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 30.19 25.88
17 Catalan Institution for Research and Advanced Studies (ICREA), Spain 18.77 25.1
18 Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute (SBP), United States of America (USA) 21.21 22.75
19 John Innes Centre (JIC), United Kingdom (UK) 16.87 22.44
20 Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (KNAW), Netherlands 20.57 21.12
21 Netherlands Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter (FOM), Netherlands 23.84 20.96
22 Fraunhofer Society, Germany 20.41 20.36
23 Flanders Institute for Biotechnology (VIB), Belgium 16.41 20.01
24 Interuniversity Microelectronics Centre (IMEC), Belgium 23.06 19.41
25 Southwest Research Institute (SwRI), United States of America (USA) 13.65 19.13
26 Cluster of Excellence - Precision Physics, Fundamental Interactions and Structure of Matter (PRISMA), JGU, Germany 19.62 18.71
27 Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL), United States of America (USA) 37.85 18.61
28 High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), Japan 23.15 18.59
29 Cancer Research UK (CRUK), United Kingdom (UK) 18.33 17.96
30 Ames Laboratory, United States of America (USA) 24.03 16.5
31 Institut Laue Langevin (ILL), France 11.36 14.46
32 Cluster of Excellence - Munich Center for Integrated Protein Science Munich (CiPS-M), LMU, Germany 20.17 14.12
33 Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research (WEHI), Australia 13.8 14.08
34 Research Organization of Information and Systems (ROIS), Japan 11.13 13.93
35 Curie Institute, France 21.77 13.58
36 La Jolla Institute for Allergy and Immunology (LIAI), United States of America (USA) 13.69 13.37
37 Gladstone Institutes, United States of America (USA) 13.5 13.19
38 The Jackson Laboratory, United States of America (USA) 14.66 13.1
39 The Wistar Institute, United States of America (USA) 7.95 12.26
40 Synchrotron SOLEIL, France 15.91 12.18
41 CIC nanoGUNE Consolider, Spain 9.15 11.92
42 Babraham Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 7.27 10.87
43 Stowers Institute for Medical Research, United States of America (USA) 19.76 10.77
44 Cluster of Excellence - Center for Advancing Electronics Dresden (CFAED), TU Dresden, Germany 6.33 10.66
45 International Solvay Institutes, Belgium 10.12 10.13
46 Elettra - Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A., Italy 10.26 9.04
47 Gulbenkian Science Institute (IGC), Portugal 8.23 8.95
48 Rudjer Boskovic Institute (RBI), Croatia 11.32 8.89
49 Bose Institute, India 3.44 8.55
50 Cluster of Excellence - Werner Reichardt Centre for Integrative Neuroscience (CIN), Uni Tübingen, Germany 3.88 8.18
51 Canadian Institute for Advanced Research (CIFAR), Canada 7.98 7.96
52 Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research Ltd. (LICR), United States of America (USA) 7.25 7.94
53 Center for High Pressure Science and Technology Advanced Research (HPSTAR), China 4.29 7.38
54 Cluster of Excellence - Cologne Excellence Cluster on Cellular Stress Responses in Aging-Associated Diseases (CECAD), UoC, Germany 3.73 7.27
55 Champalimaud Foundation (EN), Portugal 8.25 7.22
56 Centre for Cooperative Research in Biomaterials (CIC biomaGUNE), Spain 7.91 7.17
57 The Aerospace Corporation, United States of America (USA) 5.17 7.06
58 Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute (ETRI), South Korea 3.04 6.97
59 American Museum of Natural History (AMNH), United States of America (USA) 9.11 6.94
60 QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute, Australia 7.29 6.91
61 Buck Institute for Research on Aging, United States of America (USA) 12.62 6.77
62 Center for Scientific Studies (CECs), Chile 9.18 6.57
63 Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL), United States of America (USA) 7.68 6.54
64 Center for Cooperative Research in Biosciences (CIC bioGUNE), Spain 6.47 6.33
65 Italian Foundation for Cancer Research (FIRC), Italy 7.96 6.13
66 California Institute for Biomedical Research (Calibr), United States of America (USA) 7.75 6.03
67 National Interuniversity Consortium of Materials Science and Technology (INSTM), Italy 8.57 5.85
68 Universities Space Research Association (USRA), United States of America (USA) 4.73 5.82
69 Florey Institute of Neuroscience and Mental Health, Australia 4.65 5.8
70 Allen Institute (AI), United States of America (USA) 2.64 5.57
71 Van Andel Research Institute (VAI), United States of America (USA) 5.21 5.54
72 Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research (TNO), Netherlands 2.66 5.53
73 Garvan Institute of Medical Research, Australia 7.82 5.39
74 HudsonAlpha Institute for Biotechnology, United States of America (USA) 4.83 5.33
75 Clinical Research Institute of Montreal (IRCM), UdeM, Canada 6.52 5.25
76 Wetsus Centre of Excellence for Sustainable Water Technology, Netherlands 2.88 4.78
77 Cluster of Excellence - Nanosystems Initiative Munich (NIM), LMU, Germany 8.38 4.73
78 European Magnetic Field Laboratory (EMFL), Germany 1.53 4.63
79 Russian Quantum Center (RQC), Russia 3.2 4.61
80 Structural Genomics Consortium (SGC), International 5.03 4.61
81 Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation (OMRF), United States of America (USA) 6.53 4.58
82 National Institute of Chemical Physics and Biophysics (NICPB), Estonia 3.74 4.53
83 Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL), UChicago, United States of America (USA) 5.97 4.45
84 European Theoretical Spectroscopy Facility (ETSF), Belgium 3.71 4.43
85 Santa Fe Institute (SFI), United States of America (USA) 5.14 4.43
86 National Health Research Institutes (NHRI), Taiwan 5.46 4.41
87 Institute of Physics, Bhubaneswar, India 4.35 4.41
88 Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST), Luxembourg 2.8 4.38
89 Planetary Science Institute (PSI), United States of America (USA) 3.64 4.29
90 J. Craig Venter Institute (JCVI), United States of America (USA) 6.23 4.23
91 National Institute of Chemistry, Slovenia, Slovenia 3.96 4.23
92 National Center for Theoretical Sciences (NCTS), Taiwan 2.07 4.22
93 Cluster of Excellence - Hamburg Center for Ultrafast Imaging (CUI), UHH, Germany 2.46 4.2
94 Lieber Institute for Brain Development (LIBD), United States of America (USA) 2.5 4.19
95 TUM Cluster of Excellence - Origin and Structure of the Universe (Excellence Cluster Universe), Germany 3.36 4.18
96 Romanian Academy, Romania 3.6 4.17
97 Benaroya Research Institute at Virginia Mason (BRI), United States of America (USA) 2.7 4.08
98 The James Hutton Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 1.19 4.05
99 Instituto de Investigeciones Bioquimicas de Buenos Aires (IIBBA), CONICET, Argentina 5.51 4.05
100 Norwegian Institute for Water Research (NIVA), Norway 2.52 3.87

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. It is important for users to understand that the data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, that they cover the natural sciences only and that outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output). We encourage users to combine the free-to-access Nature Index data with information from other sources.

The tables were last updated on 7 June 2018 with the most recent institution and article corrections.

*The change in adjusted FC accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. FC values have been adjusted to 2017 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.

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