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2017 tables: Institutions - NPO/NGO

Table criteria

The 2017 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2016 to 31 December 2016.

2016 Institution Share 2015 Share 2016
1 Max Planck Society, Germany 745.05 765.8
2 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 540.36 527.56
3 Leibniz Association, Germany 221.68 208.25
4 Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Russia 161.38 172.05
5 Scripps Research, United States of America (USA) 139.12 153.8
6 Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology (BIST), Spain 98.66 119.22
7 Salk Institute for Biological Studies (Salk), United States of America (USA) 53.73 50.4
8 National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), United States of America (USA) 32.19 49.01
9 Carnegie Institution for Science (CIS), United States of America (USA) 44.68 45.5
10 HHMI Janelia Farm Research Campus, United States of America (USA) 51.71 44.98
11 The Francis Crick Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 54.75 44.54
12 Pasteur Institute, France 34.74 39.21
13 Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), United States of America (USA) 42.3 37.75
14 Flanders Institute for Biotechnology (VIB), Belgium 25.81 35.93
15 Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center (FHCRC), United States of America (USA) 30.41 35.72
16 Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics (PI), Canada 47.84 33.7
17 Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science (IACS), India 43.8 29
18 Vienna Biocenter (VBC), Austria 15.58 28.96
19 Wellcome Sanger Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 30.49 25.89
20 Catalan Institution for Research and Advanced Studies (ICREA), Spain 18.73 25.09
21 Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute (SBP), United States of America (USA) 21.17 22.79
22 John Innes Centre (JIC), United Kingdom (UK) 16.87 22.44
23 Fraunhofer Society, Germany 20.33 21.05
24 Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (KNAW), Netherlands 20.43 20.7
25 Interuniversity Microelectronics Centre (IMEC), Belgium 23.01 19.33
26 Southwest Research Institute (SwRI), United States of America (USA) 13.73 19.13
27 Cluster of Excellence - Precision Physics, Fundamental Interactions and Structure of Matter (PRISMA), JGU, Germany 19.62 18.71
28 Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL), United States of America (USA) 37.85 18.61
29 Ames Laboratory, United States of America (USA) 24.03 16.5
30 Institut Laue Langevin (ILL), France 11.36 14.12
31 Cluster of Excellence - Munich Center for Integrated Protein Science Munich (CiPS-M), LMU, Germany 20.17 14.12
32 Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research (WEHI), Australia 13.85 14.09
33 California Institute for Quantitative Biosciences (QB3), United States of America (USA) 14.64 14.02
34 Curie Institute, France 21.82 13.59
35 Gladstone Institutes, United States of America (USA) 13.51 13.52
36 La Jolla Institute for Immunology (LJI), United States of America (USA) 13.69 13.32
37 The Jackson Laboratory (JAX), United States of America (USA) 14.73 13.1
38 The Wistar Institute, United States of America (USA) 7.95 12.34
39 CIC nanoGUNE Consolider, Spain 9.15 11.92
40 Babraham Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 7.27 10.87
41 Stowers Institute for Medical Research, United States of America (USA) 19.76 10.77
42 Cluster of Excellence - Center for Advancing Electronics Dresden (CFAED), TU Dresden, Germany 6.33 10.62
43 International Solvay Institutes, Belgium 10.12 10.25
44 Ludwig Cancer Research, United States of America (USA) 8.59 9.45
45 Cancer Research UK (CRUK), United Kingdom (UK) 7.38 9.05
46 Elettra - Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A., Italy 10.26 9.04
47 Gulbenkian Science Institute (IGC), Portugal 8.18 8.95
48 Rudjer Boskovic Institute (RBI), Croatia 11.32 8.89
49 Bose Institute, India 3.44 8.55
50 Cluster of Excellence - Werner Reichardt Centre for Integrative Neuroscience (CIN), Uni Tübingen, Germany 3.88 8.18
51 Canadian Institute for Advanced Research (CIFAR), Canada 7.98 7.84
52 Center for High Pressure Science and Technology Advanced Research (HPSTAR), China 4.29 7.38
53 Cluster of Excellence - Cologne Excellence Cluster on Cellular Stress Responses in Aging-Associated Diseases (CECAD), UoC, Germany 3.74 7.27
54 Champalimaud Foundation, Portugal 8.25 7.22
55 Centre for Cooperative Research in Biomaterials (CIC biomaGUNE), Spain 7.91 7.17
56 The Aerospace Corporation, United States of America (USA) 5.17 7.06
57 Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute (ETRI), South Korea 3.04 6.97
58 American Museum of Natural History (AMNH), United States of America (USA) 9.11 6.94
59 Buck Institute for Research on Aging, United States of America (USA) 12.62 6.77
60 QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute, Australia 7.3 6.74
61 Center for Scientific Studies (CECs), Chile 9.18 6.57
62 Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL), United States of America (USA) 7.68 6.54
63 Center for Cooperative Research in Biosciences (CIC bioGUNE), Spain 6.47 6.26
64 Italian Foundation for Cancer Research (FIRC), Italy 7.93 6.18
65 National Interuniversity Consortium of Materials Science and Technology (INSTM), Italy 8.32 5.87
66 Universities Space Research Association (USRA), United States of America (USA) 4.56 5.84
67 Florey Institute of Neuroscience and Mental Health, Australia 4.65 5.8
68 Van Andel Research Institute (VAI), United States of America (USA) 5.21 5.53
69 Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research (TNO), Netherlands 2.66 5.53
70 Allen Institute, United States of America (USA) 2.64 5.37
71 Garvan Institute of Medical Research, Australia 7.82 5.33
72 Clinical Research Institute of Montreal (IRCM), Canada 6.52 5.25
73 Wetsus Centre of Excellence for Sustainable Water Technology, Netherlands 2.88 4.78
74 Cluster of Excellence - Nanosystems Initiative Munich (NIM), LMU, Germany 8.38 4.73
75 European Magnetic Field Laboratory (EMFL), Germany 1.53 4.63
76 Russian Quantum Center (RQC), Russia 3.2 4.61
77 Structural Genomics Consortium (SGC), International 5.03 4.61
78 Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation (OMRF), United States of America (USA) 6.53 4.58
79 National Institute of Chemical Physics and Biophysics (NICPB), Estonia 3.77 4.53
80 Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL), UChicago, United States of America (USA) 5.97 4.45
81 European Theoretical Spectroscopy Facility (ETSF), Belgium 3.63 4.43
82 National Health Research Institutes (NHRI), Taiwan 5.53 4.41
83 Institute of Physics, Bhubaneswar, India 4.35 4.41
84 Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST), Luxembourg 2.8 4.38
85 Santa Fe Institute (SFI), United States of America (USA) 5.14 4.34
86 Planetary Science Institute (PSI), United States of America (USA) 3.64 4.29
87 TUM Cluster of Excellence - Origin and Structure of the Universe (Excellence Cluster Universe), Germany 3.69 4.29
88 National Institute of Chemistry, Slovenia, Slovenia 3.96 4.23
89 J. Craig Venter Institute (JCVI), United States of America (USA) 6.23 4.23
90 National Center for Theoretical Sciences (NCTS), Taiwan 2.07 4.22
91 Cluster of Excellence - Hamburg Center for Ultrafast Imaging (CUI), UHH, Germany 2.46 4.2
92 Lieber Institute for Brain Development (LIBD), United States of America (USA) 2.5 4.19
93 Institute of Molecular Medicine (IMM), Portugal 3.17 4.12
94 Benaroya Research Institute at Virginia Mason (BRI), United States of America (USA) 2.7 4.08
95 The James Hutton Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 1.19 4.05
96 Instituto de Investigeciones Bioquimicas de Buenos Aires (IIBBA), CONICET, Argentina 5.51 4.05
97 Norwegian Institute for Water Research (NIVA), Norway 2.52 3.87
98 Japan Fine Ceramics Center (JFCC), Japan 1.26 3.83
99 Qatar Environment and Energy Research Institute (QEERI), HBKU, Qatar 1.93 3.78
100 International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Austria 2.15 3.76

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2019 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.