2017 tables: Institutions - government

Table criteria

The 2017 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2016 to 31 December 2016.

2016 Institution FC 2015 FC 2016
1 Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), China 1620.68 1592.44
2 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 790.39 768.29
3 National Institutes of Health (NIH), United States of America (USA) 390.9 341.52
4 Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain 236.59 211.51
5 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), United States of America (USA) 187.01 180.59
6 RIKEN, Japan 151.88 155.91
7 National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), United States of America (USA) 125.81 151.17
8 Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), India 131.37 132.88
9 National Research Council (CNR), Italy 139.21 125.96
10 National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN), Italy 124.74 120.3
11 Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), United States of America (USA) 104.98 119.55
12 Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), United States of America (USA) 127.47 111.22
13 Atomic Energy and Alternative Energies Commission (CEA), France 110.98 110.69
14 National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), United States of America (USA) 93.07 98.32
15 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), United States of America (USA) 88.63 98.15
16 Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), United States of America (USA) 103.16 94.58
17 U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), United States of America (USA) 100.81 93.8
18 National Institute for Health and Medical Research (INSERM), France 99.67 90.33
19 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), United States of America (USA) 69.39 84.73
20 National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Japan 95.48 77.31
21 Academia Sinica, Taiwan 77.54 77.13
22 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), United States of America (USA) 79.56 75.95
23 Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), Singapore 88.48 75.69
24 Czech Academy of Sciences (CAS), Czech Republic 70.38 74.47
25 U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), United States of America (USA) 80.26 73.84
26 Institute for Basic Science (IBS), South Korea 61.95 70.8
27 National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Japan 82.82 67.33
28 Medical Research Council (MRC), United Kingdom (UK) 71.97 65.06
29 People's Liberation Army (PLA), China 43.97 56.85
30 European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Switzerland 63.25 53.8
31 The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Australia 59.68 52.16
32 Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI), Switzerland 45.23 50.04
33 Polish Academy of Sciences (PAS), Poland 58.9 49
34 European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Germany 47.64 45.66
35 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), United States of America (USA) 41.86 45.18
36 Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), India 48.02 44.6
37 Smithsonian Institution, United States of America (USA) 40.82 44.17
38 Sandia National Laboratories, United States of America (USA) 55.29 43.78
39 National Scientific and Technical Research Council (CONICET), Argentina 39.06 41.77
40 Hungarian Academy of Sciences (HAS), Hungary 42.08 38.85
41 National Institute for Astrophysics (INAF), Italy 39.77 37.99
42 French National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA), France 33.87 36.8
43 Italian Institute of Technology (IIT), Italy 47.88 35.64
44 National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV), Italy 33.36 33.11
45 Institute of Research for Development (IRD), France 29.17 32.49
46 Austrian Academy of Sciences (ÖAW), Austria 26.95 32.37
47 Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (EAWAG), Switzerland 31.98 32.29
48 Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST), South Korea 41.48 31.83
49 U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, United States of America (USA) 34.35 30.86
50 Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), United Kingdom (UK) 32.72 30.58
51 National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), United States of America (USA) 39.19 29.06
52 National Institutes of Natural Sciences (NINS), Japan 44.41 28.6
53 Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC), Japan 21.56 27.45
54 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), United States of America (USA) 29.51 26.78
55 European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF), France 21.24 23.57
56 Department of Atomic Energy (DAE), India 18.09 23.08
57 National Research Center Kurchatov Institute (NRCKI), Russia 21.97 22.84
58 Korea Institute for Advanced Study (KIAS), South Korea 16.4 22.51
59 China Academy of Engineering Physics (CAEP), China 15.78 22.5
60 U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), United States of America (USA) 19.16 22.34
61 Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC), Canada 30.67 22.29
62 India Department of Space (DOS), India 17.82 21.38
63 Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology (EMPA), Switzerland 28.66 21.3
64 Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS), China 12.94 21.13
65 National Institute of Biological Sciences, Beijing (NIBS), China 13.56 20.95
66 China Meteorological Administration (CMA), China 17.32 19.44
67 Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP), Italy 18.68 18.98
68 High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), Japan 23.15 18.59
69 Harish-Chandra Research Institute (HRI), India 15.31 18.29
70 Brazil Ministry of Science, Technology, Innovation and Communication (MCTIC), Brazil 12.03 18.09
71 Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab), United States of America (USA) 17.48 17.67
72 Madrid Institute of Advanced Studies (IMDEA), Spain 12.42 17.66
73 Institute of Health Carlos III (ISCIII), Spain 19.55 16.93
74 National Research Council (NRC), Canada 21.22 16.42
75 Met Office, United Kingdom (UK) 15.79 15.46
76 Research Organization of Information and Systems (ROIS), Japan 11.8 15.26
77 China Earthquake Administration (CEA), China 14.91 14.79
78 Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation (ANSTO), Australia 12.13 14.77
79 Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences (IPM), Iran 9.66 14.59
80 NERC British Antarctic Survey (BAS), United Kingdom (UK) 9.4 14.47
81 Institute of Mathematical Sciences (IMSc), India 6.17 13.55
82 NERC National Oceanography Centre (NOC), United Kingdom (UK) 15.04 12.33
83 Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI), Finland 7.03 12.13
84 Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute (JASRI), Japan 14.48 11.88
85 The National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (NASU), Ukraine 17.01 11.57
86 Spanish National Center for Cardiovascular Research (CNIC), Spain 3.92 11.53
87 Jozef Stefan Institute (IJS), Slovenia 21.27 11.52
88 Natural History Museum, United Kingdom (UK) 8.87 11.51
89 National Institutes for Quantum and Radiological Science and Technology (QST), Japan 7.81 11.46
90 Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR), Russia 11.95 10.61
91 Foundation for Research and Technology - Hellas (FORTH), Greece 12.13 10.53
92 National Physical Laboratory (NPL), United Kingdom (UK) 6.44 10.4
93 National Museum of Natural History (MNHN), France 9.13 10.04
94 Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Medical Science (IGAKUKEN), Japan 7.37 9.93
95 European Commission (EC), Belgium 8.12 9.86
96 Joint Genome Institute (JGI), United States of America (USA) 4.9 9.45
97 German Federal Institute of Hydrology (BfG), Germany 4.79 9.41
98 European Southern Observatory (ESO), Germany 13.39 9.39
99 Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics (SINP), India 14.74 9.22
100 Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology (KRICT), South Korea 11.17 9.2

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. It is important for users to understand that the data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, that they cover the natural sciences only and that outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output). We encourage users to combine the free-to-access Nature Index data with information from other sources.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted FC accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. FC values have been adjusted to 2018 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.