2017 tables: Institutions - government

Table criteria

The 2017 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2016 to 31 December 2016.

2016 Institution FC 2015 FC 2016
1 Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), China 1620.39 1590.28
2 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 787.04 766.89
3 National Institutes of Health (NIH), United States of America (USA) 392.63 342.32
4 Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain 233.51 209.29
5 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), United States of America (USA) 188.64 184.14
6 Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), India 176.13 169.68
7 RIKEN, Japan 153.31 155.37
8 National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), United States of America (USA) 125.97 151.38
9 Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), India 131.71 132.88
10 National Research Council (CNR), Italy 139.08 125.61
11 National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN), Italy 123.99 120.68
12 Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), United States of America (USA) 104.95 119.66
13 Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), United States of America (USA) 127.92 111.24
14 Atomic Energy and Alternative Energies Commission (CEA), France 109.82 110.15
15 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), United States of America (USA) 88.63 98.33
16 National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), United States of America (USA) 93.07 98.32
17 U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), United States of America (USA) 102.55 97.66
18 Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), United States of America (USA) 102.36 94.79
19 National Institute for Health and Medical Research (INSERM), France 101.82 91.08
20 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), United States of America (USA) 69.4 84.73
21 National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Japan 95.48 78.09
22 Academia Sinica, Taiwan 77.99 76.83
23 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), United States of America (USA) 79.01 75.61
24 Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), Singapore 88.48 74.94
25 Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic (ASCR), Czech Republic 69.94 74.33
26 U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), United States of America (USA) 80.25 73.84
27 Institute for Basic Science (IBS), South Korea 61.95 70.76
28 National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Japan 82.77 67.48
29 Medical Research Council (MRC), United Kingdom (UK) 68.5 61.18
30 People's Liberation Army (PLA), China 41.19 56.51
31 European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Switzerland 62.64 53.21
32 The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Australia 59.6 52.05
33 Polish Academy of Sciences (PAS), Poland 57.81 50.17
34 Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI), Switzerland 45.23 50.16
35 National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), United States of America (USA) 32.7 49.9
36 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), United States of America (USA) 43.5 48.33
37 European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Germany 47.64 45.74
38 Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), India 48.51 44.85
39 Smithsonian Institution, United States of America (USA) 40.25 43.95
40 Sandia National Laboratories, United States of America (USA) 56.29 43.78
41 National Scientific and Technical Research Council (CONICET), Argentina 38.72 41.33
42 Hungarian Academy of Sciences (HAS), Hungary 40.51 38.83
43 Italian Institute of Technology (IIT), Italy 47.15 36.22
44 French National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA), France 33 35.17
45 National Institute for Astrophysics (INAF), Italy 31.9 33.46
46 National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV), Italy 33.36 33.11
47 Austrian Academy of Sciences (ÖAW), Austria 27.11 32.35
48 Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (EAWAG), Switzerland 31.98 32.29
49 Institute of Research for Development (IRD), France 28.7 32.23
50 Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST), South Korea 41.48 31.83
51 U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, United States of America (USA) 34.33 30.86
52 Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), United Kingdom (UK) 32.59 30.42
53 National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), United States of America (USA) 39.19 29.06
54 National Institutes of Natural Sciences (NINS), Japan 44.31 28.44
55 Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC), Japan 21.56 27.45
56 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), United States of America (USA) 29.51 26.78
57 European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF), France 21.24 23.57
58 China Academy of Engineering Physics (CAEP), China 15.94 23.01
59 National Research Center Kurchatov Institute (NRCKI), Russia 21.93 22.95
60 Korea Institute for Advanced Study (KIAS), South Korea 16.73 22.71
61 U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), United States of America (USA) 19.16 22.31
62 Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC), Canada 30.67 22.29
63 Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology (EMPA), Switzerland 28.66 21.3
64 Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS), China 13.35 20.99
65 National Institute of Biological Sciences, Beijing (NIBS), China 13.56 20.95
66 Department of Atomic Energy (DAE), India 15.11 20.31
67 Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP), Italy 18.65 19.05
68 China Meteorological Administration (CMA), China 17.14 18.56
69 Ministry of Science, Technology, Innovation and Communication (MCTIC), Brazil 12.47 18.4
70 Harish-Chandra Research Institute (HRI), India 15.31 18.29
71 Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab), United States of America (USA) 17.45 17.67
72 Madrid Institute of Advanced Studies (IMDEA), Spain 12.42 17.66
73 Institute of Health Carlos III (ISCIII), Spain 19.55 16.91
74 National Research Council (NRC), Canada 21.17 15.93
75 Met Office, United Kingdom (UK) 15.79 15.86
76 NERC British Antarctic Survey (BAS), United Kingdom (UK) 9.4 14.8
77 China Earthquake Administration (CEA), China 14.71 14.79
78 Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation (ANSTO), Australia 12.13 14.78
79 Institute of Mathematical Sciences (IMSc), India 6.17 13.55
80 NERC National Oceanography Centre (NOC), United Kingdom (UK) 15.04 12.33
81 India Department of Space (DOS), India 5.57 12.17
82 Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI), Finland 6.92 12.13
83 Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute (JASRI), Japan 14.48 11.88
84 The National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (NASU), Ukraine 17.1 11.73
85 Spanish National Center for Cardiovascular Research (CNIC), Spain 3.92 11.53
86 Jozef Stefan Institute (IJS), Slovenia 21.26 11.52
87 Natural History Museum, United Kingdom (UK) 8.87 11.51
88 National Institutes for Quantum and Radiological Science and Technology (QST), Japan 7.81 11.46
89 National Physical Laboratory (NPL), United Kingdom (UK) 6.44 11.4
90 National Museum of Natural History (MNHN), France 10.41 11.08
91 Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR), Russia 11.92 10.62
92 Foundation for Research and Technology - Hellas (FORTH), Greece 12.13 10.53
93 Physical Research Laboratory (PRL), India 12.24 10.21
94 Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Medical Science (IGAKUKEN), Japan 7.37 9.93
95 European Commission (EC), Belgium 8.12 9.86
96 German Federal Institute of Hydrology (BfG), Germany 4.79 9.41
97 Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics (SINP), India 14.73 9.22
98 Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology (KRICT), South Korea 11.17 9.2
99 Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA), Japan 6.6 9.12
100 Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), Japan 4.26 9.03

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. It is important for users to understand that the data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, that they cover the natural sciences only and that outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output). We encourage users to combine the free-to-access Nature Index data with information from other sources.

The tables were last updated on 7 June 2018 with the most recent institution and article corrections.

*The change in adjusted FC accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. FC values have been adjusted to 2017 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.

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