2017 tables: Institutions - corporate

Table criteria

The 2017 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2016 to 31 December 2016.

2016 Institution FC 2015 FC 2016
1 F. Hoffmann-La Roche AG, Switzerland 45.66 43.91
2 IBM Corporation, United States of America (USA) 62.14 42.89
3 Novartis International AG, Switzerland 48.57 41.29
4 AstraZeneca plc, United Kingdom (UK) 23.98 31.15
5 Merck & Co., Inc., United States of America (USA) 26.03 29.74
6 Pfizer Inc., United States of America (USA) 20.41 27.72
7 Amgen Inc., United States of America (USA) 17.02 20.35
8 Samsung Group, South Korea 25.9 19.37
9 GlaxoSmithKline plc. (GSK), United Kingdom (UK) 27.88 17.92
10 Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Corporation (NTT), Japan 19.74 16.61
11 DowDuPont Inc., United States of America (USA) 12.41 14.34
12 Toyota Group, Japan 11.62 12.79
13 BASF SE, Germany 10.12 12.76
14 Alphabet Inc., United States of America (USA) 3 11.58
15 Microsoft Corporation, United States of America (USA) 5.66 11.06
16 GNS Science, New Zealand 13.97 10.85
17 C. H. Boehringer Sohn AG & Co. KG (Boehringer Ingelheim), Germany 8.02 10.8
18 Eli Lilly and Company, United States of America (USA) 10.98 9.79
19 Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc., United States of America (USA) 6.64 8.49
20 Johnson & Johnson, United States of America (USA) 7.12 7.77
21 Exxon Mobil Corporation (ExxonMobil), United States of America (USA) 4.26 7.31
22 Toshiba Corporation, Japan 5.5 7.3
23 Formosa Plastics Group, Taiwan 8.08 7.02
24 Science Systems and Applications, Inc. (SSAI), United States of America (USA) 5.7 6.84
25 HP Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.66 6.66
26 Bristol-Myers Squibb (BMS), United States of America (USA) 13.61 6.5
27 Thales S.A., France 4.4 6.06
28 HRL Laboratories LLC, United States of America (USA) 4.49 5.75
29 BGI, China 13.47 5.71
30 National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research Ltd. (NIWA), New Zealand 5.26 5.6
31 Bayer AG, Germany 2.01 5.37
32 Leidos Holdings, Inc., United States of America (USA) 7.01 5.36
33 Western Digital Corporation, United States of America (USA) 2.08 5.23
34 FiberHome Technologies Group, China 4.84 5.15
35 China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation (CSIC), China 5.13 5.13
36 Bruker Corporation, United States of America (USA) 7.32 4.88
37 Royal Dutch Shell plc (Shell), Netherlands 5.89 4.69
38 Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc., United States of America (USA) 4.43 4.57
39 Hitachi, Ltd., Japan 6.66 4.57
40 Biogen Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.36 4.54
41 Novo Nordisk A/S, Denmark 3.64 4.36
42 Ionis Pharmaceuticals, Inc., United States of America (USA) 4.97 4.24
43 Constellation Pharmaceuticals, United States of America (USA) 4
44 Sanofi, France 10.91 3.94
45 Merck KGaA, Germany 5.25 3.93
46 Atmospheric and Environmental Research, Inc. (AER), United States of America (USA) 4.8 3.83
47 Mitsubishi Group, Japan 5.5 3.69
48 Center for Nanotechnology GmbH (CeNTech GmbH), Germany 3.51 3.62
49 Nestlé S.A., Switzerland 2.33 3.43
50 Chevron Corporation, United States of America (USA) 2.85 3.29
51 China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC), China 1.57 3.28
52 Uni Research Ltd., Norway 2.9 3.13
53 Joel Ltd., Japan 2.58 3.1
54 Seattle Genetics, Inc., United States of America (USA) 2 3.03
55 China National Chemical Corporation (ChemChina), China 5.36 3.01
56 New England Biolabs, Inc. (NEB), United States of America (USA) 5.63 2.9
57 LG Corporation, South Korea 1.75 2.88
58 Hamamatsu Photonics K.K., Japan 2.2 2.78
59 Shanghai Jiahua Poly Battery Technology Co., Ltd., China 0.81 2.76
60 Shimadzu Corporation, Japan 0.26 2.74
61 Illumina, Inc., United States of America (USA) 3.87 2.71
62 Anglo American plc, United Kingdom (UK) 3.3 2.71
63 Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited, Japan 5.25 2.69
64 National Metrology and Testing (LNE), France 1.85 2.55
65 Agilent Technologies, Inc., United States of America (USA) 3.79 2.53
66 Gilead Sciences, Inc., United States of America (USA) 3.13 2.5
67 Intel Corporation, United States of America (USA) 2.71 2.43
68 KWH Water B.V., Netherlands 4.7 2.31
69 Applied Materials, Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.93 2.25
70 Momenta Pharmaceuticals, Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.09 2.24
71 AbbVie Inc., United States of America (USA) 2.89 2.23
72 GATS Inc., United States of America (USA) 2.87 2.22
73 Siemens AG, Germany 2.2 2.21
74 Total S.A., France 1.73 2.18
75 Waters Corporation, United States of America (USA) 4.44 2.18
76 Koninklijke DSM N.V. (DSM), Netherlands 3.89 2.18
77 Ford Motor Company, United States of America (USA) 1.22 2.17
78 Sosei Co., Ltd., Japan 0.01 2.15
79 Haldor Topsøe A/S, Denmark 0.71 2.13
80 Foxconn Technology Group, Taiwan 1.97 2.1
81 Johnson Matthey (JM), United Kingdom (UK) 2.99 2.02
82 Soraa Inc., United States of America (USA) 1 2
82 Q2 Solutions, United States of America (USA) 2
83 Euclid TechLabs LLC, United States of America (USA) 0.12 1.99
84 Veolia Environnement S.A., France 1.74 1.98
85 Xerox Corporation, United States of America (USA) 5.39 1.93
86 Chengdu Institute of Organic Chemistry (CIOC), CAS, China 1.99 1.92
87 AIT Austrian Institute of Technology GmbH, Austria 1.87 1.92
88 Aerodyne Research, Inc. (ARI), United States of America (USA) 5.8 1.91
89 Panasonic Corporation, Japan 1.88 1.87
90 Unilever, United Kingdom (UK) 1.01 1.86
91 23andMe, Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.78 1.82
92 GeneDx, United States of America (USA) 0.7 1.8
93 Pacific Biosciences of California, Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.44 1.8
94 Eisai Co., Ltd., Japan 2.09 1.77
95 Northrop Grumman Corporation, United States of America (USA) 0.35 1.75
96 Jinchuan Group Co., Ltd., China 1.76 1.74
97 Hysitron, Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.88 1.74
98 NorthWest Research Associates, Inc. (NWRA), United States of America (USA) 3.77 1.74
99 Sinopec Corporation, China 1.18 1.69
100 Schlumberger Limited, United States of America (USA) 1.54 1.69

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. It is important for users to understand that the data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, that they cover the natural sciences only and that outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output). We encourage users to combine the free-to-access Nature Index data with information from other sources.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted FC accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. FC values have been adjusted to 2018 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.