2017 tables: Institutions - physical sciences

The 2017 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2016 to 31 December 2016.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2015 Share 2016 Count 2016 Change in Adjusted Share 2015-2016*
1 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 169.91 162.40 507 -2.2%
2 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 130.09 126.98 426 -0.1%
3 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 86.17 78.89 306 -6.3%
4 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 41.69 57.64 137 41.5%
5 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 41.45 52.76 176 30.3%
6 UCL, United Kingdom (UK) 51.20 46.58 236 -6.9%
7 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 30.79 33.94 229 12.8%
8 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 38.57 31.44 119 -16.6%
9 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 30.26 27.50 204 -7.0%
10 The University of Nottingham (UoN), United Kingdom (UK) 31.64 24.14 56 -21.9%
11 The University of Warwick (Warwick), United Kingdom (UK) 28.01 23.44 179 -14.4%
12 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 16.80 23.04 181 40.3%
13 The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom (UK) 23.18 22.19 143 -2.0%
14 University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 14.84 20.91 185 44.2%
15 Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), United Kingdom (UK) 21.18 19.40 137 -6.3%
16 Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), United Kingdom (UK) 18.61 18.51 325 1.8%
17 University of Birmingham (UB), United Kingdom (UK) 12.68 15.89 179 28.2%
18 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 25.05 15.15 128 -38.1%
19 University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 17.36 13.98 80 -17.6%
20 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 25.64 13.92 48 -44.5%
21 Swansea University, United Kingdom (UK) 9.25 13.72 32 51.8%
22 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 15.44 12.61 31 -16.4%
23 Queen's University Belfast (QUB), United Kingdom (UK) 12.76 12.39 38 -0.6%
24 University of Sussex, United Kingdom (UK) 14.15 12.27 108 -11.2%
25 Heriot-Watt University, United Kingdom (UK) 14.89 12.23 34 -15.9%
26 University of York, United Kingdom (UK) 11.84 11.17 39 -3.4%
27 Lancaster University, United Kingdom (UK) 12.72 8.58 111 -31.0%
28 University of Surrey, United Kingdom (UK) 10.59 8.51 31 -17.7%
29 University of Bath, United Kingdom (UK) 8.81 8.40 25 -2.4%
30 Newcastle University, United Kingdom (UK) 5.14 6.34 18 26.3%
31 University of Strathclyde, United Kingdom (UK) 8.35 6.24 41 -23.5%
32 Cardiff University, United Kingdom (UK) 3.66 6.22 44 74.1%
33 National Physical Laboratory (NPL), United Kingdom (UK) 4.72 4.54 23 -1.5%
34 University of Aberdeen, United Kingdom (UK) 0.66 4.34 16 577.3%
35 University of Portsmouth, United Kingdom (UK) 5.24 3.66 19 -28.5%
36 Liverpool John Moores University (LJMU), United Kingdom (UK) 3.45 3.54 19 5.2%
37 University of London - Royal Holloway (RHUL), United Kingdom (UK) 4.04 2.77 89 -29.6%
38 Loughborough University, United Kingdom (UK) 2.57 2.68 6 6.5%
39 Sheffield Hallam University (SHU), United Kingdom (UK) 0.06 2.67 4 4,267.1%
40 The Open University (OU), United Kingdom (UK) 2.71 2.56 12 -3.1%
41 University of Leicester, United Kingdom (UK) 7.95 2.56 15 -67.0%
42 Anglo American plc, United Kingdom (UK) 3.30 2.52 10 -21.8%
43 Keele University, United Kingdom (UK) 2.67 2.43 6 -6.7%
44 University of Reading, United Kingdom (UK) 0.63 2.31 6 278.8%
45 UK Atomic Energy Authority (UKAEA), United Kingdom (UK) 1.39 2.20 9 61.5%
46 University of Dundee, United Kingdom (UK) 2.30 2.16 6 -4.0%
47 University of Central Lancashire (UCLan), United Kingdom (UK) 2.07 2.05 9 1.3%
48 Aston University, United Kingdom (UK) 2.27 2.01 6 -9.1%
49 University of Hull, United Kingdom (UK) 0.64 1.82 7 189.4%
50 Medical Research Council (MRC), United Kingdom (UK) 3.14 1.80 13 -41.3%
51 Northumbria University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.97 1.78 8 87.2%
52 University of Plymouth, United Kingdom (UK) 1.06 1.42 4 37.2%
53 University of Hertfordshire (UH), United Kingdom (UK) 2.34 1.23 10 -46.2%
54 City, University of London (CUL), United Kingdom (UK) 2.09 1.17 4 -43.0%
55 Bangor University, United Kingdom (UK) 1.10 2 N/A
56 Coventry University, United Kingdom (UK) 1.17 0.92 5 -19.4%
57 Birkbeck, University of London (BBK), United Kingdom (UK) 1.10 0.91 4 -15.3%
58 The Francis Crick Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 0.06 0.88 3 1,528.5%
59 Aberystwyth University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.71 0.79 4 14.2%
60 University of Lincoln, United Kingdom (UK) 0.79 6 N/A
61 University of the West of Scotland (UWS), United Kingdom (UK) 0.01 0.75 20 8,308.1%
62 Nottingham Trent University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.70 2 N/A
63 BAE Systems, United Kingdom (UK) 0.21 0.53 2 154.7%
64 Defence Science and Technology Laboratory (DSTL), United Kingdom (UK) 0.93 0.50 2 -45.1%
65 University of Kent, United Kingdom (UK) 0.29 0.48 6 73.0%
66 IQE plc, United Kingdom (UK) 0.20 0.44 1 127.5%
67 Oxford Nanopore Technologies Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.20 0.42 1 115.5%
68 Natural Environment Research Council (NERC), United Kingdom (UK) 0.15 0.40 10 177.7%
69 University of Huddersfield, United Kingdom (UK) 0.09 0.40 1 342.5%
70 Unilever, United Kingdom (UK) 0.37 2 N/A
71 National Cyber Security Centre (NCSC), United Kingdom (UK) 0.33 1 N/A
71 Glasgow Caledonian University (GCU), United Kingdom (UK) 0.33 1 N/A
72 British Geological Survey (BGS), United Kingdom (UK) 0.25 0.30 1 22.8%
73 Cranfield University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.50 0.29 2 -40.3%
74 AstraZeneca plc, United Kingdom (UK) 0.89 0.27 2 -68.8%
75 Anglia Ruskin University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.27 1 N/A
75 Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.27 1 N/A
76 BP plc, United Kingdom (UK) 0.47 0.25 3 -44.5%
77 Formby, United Kingdom (UK) 0.25 1 N/A
77 Photek Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.25 1 N/A
78 QinetiQ Group plc, United Kingdom (UK) 0.25 0.24 2 -2.5%
79 Square Kilometre Array (SKA Organisation), United Kingdom (UK) 0.03 0.23 7 764.8%
80 Manchester Metropolitan University (MMU), United Kingdom (UK) 0.20 0.22 1 13.7%
81 Brunel University London, United Kingdom (UK) 1.11 0.21 52 -80.3%
82 Environment Agency, United Kingdom (UK) 0.20 1 N/A
82 York Archaeological Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.20 1 N/A
82 De Montfort University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.20 1 N/A
82 European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF), United Kingdom (UK) 0.20 1 N/A
83 Armagh Observatory, United Kingdom (UK) 1.65 0.20 2 -87.7%
84 Oxford Instruments, United Kingdom (UK) 1.58 0.20 2 -87.3%
85 pSiMedica Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.19 1 N/A
86 Cambridge Display Technology Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 1.00 0.18 1 -81.4%
87 University of East Anglia (UEA), United Kingdom (UK) 0.79 0.17 4 -77.7%
88 NHS Lothian, United Kingdom (UK) 0.01 0.17 2 2,282.4%
89 Plymouth Marine Laboratory (PML), United Kingdom (UK) 0.17 1 N/A
89 Johnson Matthey (JM), United Kingdom (UK) 0.17 1 N/A
90 University of Chester, United Kingdom (UK) 0.04 0.13 1 207.1%
90 FlexEnable Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.13 1 N/A
90 United Kingdom Ministry of Defence (MoD), United Kingdom (UK) 0.13 1 N/A
90 Manchester Nanomaterials Limited, United Kingdom (UK) 0.13 1 N/A
90 London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM), United Kingdom (UK) 0.13 1 N/A
91 Oxford Photovoltaics Limited (Oxford PV), United Kingdom (UK) 0.11 1 N/A
92 Hiden Isochema, United Kingdom (UK) 0.10 1 N/A
93 Fluidic Analytics, Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.09 2 N/A
94 Rio Tinto plc, United Kingdom (UK) 0.09 1 N/A
95 Royal Brompton and Harefield NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.09 1 N/A
96 London Institute for Mathematical Sciences (LIMS), United Kingdom (UK) 0.08 1 N/A
96 Manchester University NHS Foundation Trust (MFT), United Kingdom (UK) 0.08 1 N/A
97 University of Roehampton, United Kingdom (UK) 0.07 1 N/A
98 Cancer Research UK (CRUK), United Kingdom (UK) 0.07 2 N/A
99 Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency (MHRA), United Kingdom (UK) 0.00 0.06 2 5,782.3%
100 University of Salford, United Kingdom (UK) 0.21 0.06 1 -69.8%

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.