2017 tables: Institutions - Nature & Science

The 2017 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2016 to 31 December 2016.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2015 Share 2016 Count 2016 Change in Adjusted Share 2015-2016*
1 Max Planck Society, Germany 36.44 54.50 171 51.6%
2 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 17.04 19.74 81 17.5%
3 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 18.93 18.96 159 1.5%
4 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 17.54 15.09 61 -12.8%
5 Medical Research Council (MRC), United Kingdom (UK) 14.45 14.65 30 2.8%
6 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 12.05 11.34 96 -4.6%
7 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 17.08 11.12 44 -34.0%
8 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 5.18 9.37 25 83.5%
9 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 3.50 8.83 39 155.9%
10 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 5.23 8.56 21 66.1%
11 University of Basel (UB), Switzerland 6.18 7.76 24 27.2%
12 European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Germany 6.59 7.53 32 15.9%
13 Novartis International AG, Switzerland 2.72 5.75 13 114.1%
14 UCL, United Kingdom (UK) 11.24 5.72 38 -48.4%
15 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 5.19 5.64 30 10.1%
16 Leibniz Association, Germany 3.24 4.64 43 45.3%
17 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 5.48 4.39 37 -18.8%
18 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 4.06 4.32 23 7.7%
19 National Institute for Health and Medical Research (INSERM), France 4.00 4.22 49 6.8%
20 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 0.53 4.01 21 671.6%
21 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 5.84 3.87 15 -32.7%
22 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 4.14 3.82 22 -6.5%
23 University of Amsterdam (UvA), Netherlands 1.89 3.79 28 103.0%
24 Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology (BIST), Spain 1.02 3.67 17 264.0%
25 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 2.78 3.66 30 33.4%
26 Karolinska Institute (KI), Sweden 3.18 3.65 20 16.2%
27 Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Russia 1.57 3.59 23 131.9%
28 Sorbonne University, France 4.16 3.44 43 -16.1%
29 University of Göttingen, Germany 2.69 3.42 16 28.7%
30 Flanders Institute for Biotechnology (VIB), Belgium 2.19 3.35 15 55.2%
31 University of Innsbruck (LFU), Austria 0.18 3.06 12 1,608.3%
32 The French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), France 2.93 3.04 29 5.4%
33 Vienna Biocenter (VBC), Austria 3.36 2.83 6 -14.6%
34 University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen), Germany 1.26 2.77 14 122.8%
35 Wellcome Sanger Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 3.98 2.75 20 -29.9%
36 Humboldt University of Berlin (HU Berlin), Germany 0.49 2.74 23 463.1%
37 The Francis Crick Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 5.75 2.68 10 -52.7%
38 Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain 4.23 2.59 36 -37.8%
39 Aix-Marseille University (AMU), France 2.08 2.54 19 23.6%
40 University of Helsinki, Finland 1.17 2.47 20 113.4%
41 Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR), Netherlands 1.72 2.42 16 42.7%
42 Uppsala University (UU), Sweden 3.65 2.42 20 -32.7%
43 Austrian Academy of Sciences (ÖAW), Austria 2.77 2.39 14 -12.5%
44 Institute of Science and Technology Austria (IST Austria), Austria 0.72 2.39 4 237.6%
45 University of Würzburg (JMU), Germany 1.19 2.39 8 103.9%
46 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 3.81 2.35 9 -37.3%
47 Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), United Kingdom (UK) 0.39 2.35 12 508.5%
48 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 3.78 2.34 24 -37.3%
49 University of Regensburg (UR), Germany 1.30 2.34 6 82.0%
50 National Institute for Astrophysics (INAF), Italy 2.90 2.31 12 -19.0%
51 University of Lausanne (UNIL), Switzerland 1.93 2.27 11 19.7%
52 Dresden University of Technology (TU Dresden), Germany 1.01 2.26 15 126.8%
53 University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU), Germany 1.87 2.25 6 22.1%
54 The University of Dublin, Ireland 0.70 2.22 7 222.4%
55 Pompeu Fabra University (UPF), Spain 1.10 2.22 13 104.8%
56 University of Cologne (UoC), Germany 2.31 2.21 15 -3.0%
57 University of Groningen (RUG), Netherlands 0.65 2.18 15 242.4%
58 Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium 3.18 2.15 15 -31.6%
59 Netherlands Cancer Institute (NKI), Netherlands 4.07 2.12 11 -47.3%
60 Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Denmark 0.79 2.07 12 166.8%
61 Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI), Switzerland 1.91 2.07 11 9.6%
62 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 2.25 2.06 18 -7.5%
63 Free University of Berlin (FU Berlin), Germany 1.37 2.05 29 51.9%
64 University of Bern (UniBE), Switzerland 4.65 2.02 18 -56.0%
65 University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 0.61 2.01 9 231.2%
66 Ulm University, Germany 1.04 1.99 11 94.1%
67 John Innes Centre (JIC), United Kingdom (UK) 1.97 6 N/A
68 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 1.12 1.96 15 76.8%
69 Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), Germany 2.00 1.95 8 -1.4%
70 NERC British Antarctic Survey (BAS), United Kingdom (UK) 0.54 1.93 3 261.9%
71 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 1.07 1.91 14 80.6%
72 Leiden University, Netherlands 1.90 1.90 25 0.9%
73 University of Paris, France 3.96 1.84 30 -52.9%
74 University of Warsaw (UW), Poland 0.56 1.82 7 227.3%
75 Newcastle University, United Kingdom (UK) 2.11 1.80 7 -13.5%
76 University of Paris-Sud (UPSud), France 1.79 1.75 21 -0.4%
77 European Commission (EC), Belgium 0.01 1.75 2 16,226.4%
78 Aarhus University (AU), Denmark 2.14 1.74 20 -17.2%
79 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 2.87 1.73 22 -38.7%
80 NWO-I, the Institutes Organisation of NWO, Netherlands 0.16 1.72 18 991.5%
81 Ghent University (UGent), Belgium 0.91 1.70 5 89.6%
82 The University of Nottingham (UoN), United Kingdom (UK) 0.25 1.66 7 564.8%
83 Czech Academy of Sciences (CAS), Czech Republic 0.21 1.66 7 702.5%
84 Cardiff University, United Kingdom (UK) 1.75 1.64 8 -5.3%
85 University of Montpellier, France 0.92 1.63 26 79.4%
86 University of Stuttgart, Germany 0.41 1.62 8 298.6%
87 National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and Environment (INRAE), France 0.98 1.52 28 56.6%
88 Philipps University of Marburg (Uni Marburg), Germany 0.93 1.51 6 64.6%
89 University of Liège (ULg), Belgium 0.31 1.50 6 390.8%
90 Radboud University Nijmegen (RU), Netherlands 2.85 1.48 25 -47.3%
91 Institute of Research for Development (IRD), France 0.66 1.47 32 126.4%
92 University of Vienna, Austria 2.42 1.45 16 -39.5%
93 Vienna University of Technology (TU Wien), Austria 0.71 1.42 7 104.3%
94 Medical University of Vienna (MUW), Austria 1.52 1.41 6 -5.7%
95 University of Oslo (UiO), Norway 2.03 1.37 7 -31.6%
96 Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Belgium 1.71 1.36 4 -19.2%
97 University of Münster (WWU), Germany 2.10 1.34 13 -35.3%
98 Pasteur Institute, France 3.78 1.34 17 -64.2%
99 University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 3.13 1.32 13 -57.2%
100 Spanish National Center for Cardiovascular Research (CNIC), Spain 0.17 1.32 2 688.0%

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.