2017 tables: Institutions - life sciences

Table criteria

The 2017 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2016 to 31 December 2016.

2016 Institution Share 2015 Share 2016
1 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 640.34 607.82
2 National Institutes of Health (NIH), United States of America (USA) 363.03 313.66
3 Max Planck Society, Germany 257.45 280.54
4 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 280.17 234.89
5 Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), China 195.53 210.46
6 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 200.52 206.89
7 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 205.43 192.92
8 University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), United States of America (USA) 199.11 190.47
9 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 175.86 180.78
10 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 159.13 170.94
11 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 170.07 169.55
12 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 183.69 165.81
13 Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 165.41 156.45
14 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 155.05 156.43
15 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 164.25 146.34
16 Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL), United States of America (USA) 143.22 143.42
17 University of Pennsylvania (Penn), United States of America (USA) 176.93 142.96
18 Duke University, United States of America (USA) 144.68 138.84
19 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 143.81 135.51
20 University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 143.86 133.58
21 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 140.12 129.77
22 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 144.08 129.23
23 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 153.99 120.32
24 University College London (UCL), United Kingdom (UK) 130.15 119.99
25 New York University (NYU), United States of America (USA) 117.88 117.07
26 The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center (UT Southwestern Medical Center), United States of America (USA) 118.84 113.71
27 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 106.78 111.72
28 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 117.42 100.45
29 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 120.43 98.92
30 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 109.66 97.95
31 The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), United States of America (USA) 98.86 96.56
32 University of Pittsburgh (Pitt), United States of America (USA) 80.63 94.38
33 The Rockefeller University, United States of America (USA) 100.28 91.3
34 McGill University, Canada 98.41 89.95
35 Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA) 81.2 88.74
36 Baylor College of Medicine (BCM), United States of America (USA) 100.51 88.23
37 Scripps Research, United States of America (USA) 76.22 85.88
38 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 66.17 85.5
39 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, United States of America (USA) 74.77 85.38
40 Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC), United States of America (USA) 83.74 83.91
41 Vanderbilt University (VU), United States of America (USA) 88.36 82.31
42 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 76.92 79.75
43 National Institute for Health and Medical Research (INSERM), France 85.36 77.67
44 Mount Sinai Health System (MSHS), United States of America (USA) 60.83 70.51
45 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 72.7 69.64
46 Karolinska Institute (KI), Sweden 64.73 68.1
47 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 57.73 67.17
48 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 62.7 66.36
49 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 58.86 65.45
50 Emory University, United States of America (USA) 68.61 65.33
51 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 71.03 63.79
52 University of California, Davis (UC Davis), United States of America (USA) 85.4 63.73
53 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 51.14 62.93
54 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 78.76 62.31
55 Osaka University, Japan 50.53 61.87
56 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (RU), United States of America (USA) 49.55 60.84
57 University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMass Medical School), United States of America (USA) 64.93 59.98
58 The Ohio State University (OSU), United States of America (USA) 63.41 59.61
59 The University of British Columbia (UBC), Canada 67.23 58.06
60 Peking University (PKU), China 53.77 57.86
61 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 64.55 56.9
62 University of Southern California (USC), United States of America (USA) 65.95 55.2
63 RIKEN, Japan 60.14 54.97
64 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 44.2 54.43
65 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 54.49 53.51
66 Case Western Reserve University (CWRU), United States of America (USA) 51.71 53.21
67 University of California, Irvine (UCI), United States of America (USA) 42.07 52.43
68 Mayo Clinic, United States of America (USA) 44.53 52.42
69 Kyoto University, Japan 57.94 50.94
70 Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU), United States of America (USA) 40.53 50.89
71 Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain 74.7 50.85
72 Boston University (BU), United States of America (USA) 50.4 50.61
73 Indiana University (IU), United States of America (USA) 49.08 50.42
74 Medical Research Council (MRC), United Kingdom (UK) 50.11 49.77
75 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 55.98 49.74
76 Tsinghua University, China 50.73 49.31
77 University of Basel (UB), Switzerland 48.19 48.67
78 Salk Institute for Biological Studies (Salk), United States of America (USA) 53.05 48.62
79 Albert Einstein College of Medicine (Einstein), United States of America (USA) 60.15 48.21
80 Leibniz Association, Germany 51.17 47.94
81 The University of Iowa (UI), United States of America (USA) 46.57 47.44
82 St. Jude Children's Research Hospital (St. Jude), United States of America (USA) 41.59 46.85
83 University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus (CU Anschutz), United States of America (USA) 42.67 46.58
84 The University of Queensland (UQ), Australia 52.98 44.61
85 Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HUJI), Israel 48.74 44.13
86 University of Cincinnati (UC), United States of America (USA) 39.7 43.81
87 HHMI Janelia Farm Research Campus, United States of America (USA) 50.6 43.73
88 The Francis Crick Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 54.47 43.51
89 The University of Utah (Utah), United States of America (USA) 49.26 42.91
90 Zhejiang University (ZJU), China 25.32 42.87
91 European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Germany 44.34 42.31
92 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 43.14 41.12
93 Radboud University Nijmegen (RU), Netherlands 29.3 40.91
94 Lund University (LU), Sweden 28.32 40.38
95 Scientific Institute for Research, Hospitalization and Healthcare (IRCCS), Italy 47.55 40.17
96 The University of Melbourne (UniMelb), Australia 39.11 40.08
97 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 55.32 39.58
98 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 37.51 39.08
99 University of Lausanne (UNIL), Switzerland 33.5 38.97
100 University of Montreal (UdeM), Canada 37.13 38.83

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2019 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.