2017 tables: Institutions - life sciences

Table criteria

The 2017 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2016 to 31 December 2016.

2016 Institution FC 2015 FC 2016
1 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 642.12 609.29
2 National Institutes of Health (NIH), United States of America (USA) 363.16 313.68
3 Max Planck Society, Germany 257.45 280.79
4 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 280.2 234.89
5 Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), China 195.53 210.46
6 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 198.7 205.01
7 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 205.43 192.92
8 University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), United States of America (USA) 200.36 189.65
9 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 175.96 180.87
10 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 171.75 170.81
11 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 156.11 169.87
12 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 182.45 165.6
13 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 155.05 157.43
14 Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 165.41 156.45
15 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 164.39 146.34
16 Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL), United States of America (USA) 143.22 143.42
17 University of Pennsylvania (Penn), United States of America (USA) 176.93 142.96
18 Duke University, United States of America (USA) 144.68 138.9
19 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 143.81 135.51
20 University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 143.86 132.59
21 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 140.12 130.34
22 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 144.08 129.23
23 University College London (UCL), United Kingdom (UK) 141.15 128.8
24 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 153.99 120.32
25 New York University (NYU), United States of America (USA) 118.09 117.07
26 The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center (UT Southwestern Medical Center), United States of America (USA) 118.84 113.71
27 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 106.75 111.72
28 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 117.42 100.45
29 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 120.43 98.92
30 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 109.95 97.95
31 The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), United States of America (USA) 98.86 96.56
32 University of Pittsburgh (Pitt), United States of America (USA) 80.62 94.38
33 The Rockefeller University, United States of America (USA) 100.28 91.3
34 McGill University, Canada 98.41 89.95
35 Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA) 81.2 89.49
36 Baylor College of Medicine (BCM), United States of America (USA) 100.51 88.23
37 Scripps Research, United States of America (USA) 76.22 85.88
38 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 66.17 85.5
39 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, United States of America (USA) 74.59 85.27
40 Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC), United States of America (USA) 83.74 83.91
41 Vanderbilt University (VU), United States of America (USA) 88.36 82.31
42 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 76.92 79.75
43 National Institute for Health and Medical Research (INSERM), France 86.6 78.88
44 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 69.8 74.25
45 Mount Sinai Health System (MSHS), United States of America (USA) 60.83 70.51
46 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 72.7 69.58
47 Karolinska Institute (KI), Sweden 64.82 68.1
48 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 58.23 67.17
49 Emory University, United States of America (USA) 69.95 66.81
50 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 62.7 66.36
51 University of California, Davis (UC Davis), United States of America (USA) 85.4 64.73
52 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 71.03 63.79
53 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 51.14 62.93
54 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 78.76 62.31
55 Osaka University, Japan 50.53 61.87
56 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (RU), United States of America (USA) 49.55 60.84
57 University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMass Medical School), United States of America (USA) 64.93 59.83
58 The Ohio State University (OSU), United States of America (USA) 63.41 59.61
59 Medical Research Council (MRC), United Kingdom (UK) 64.04 59.56
60 The University of British Columbia (UBC), Canada 67.23 58.06
61 Peking University (PKU), China 53.77 57.88
62 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 64.55 56.9
63 University of Southern California (USC), United States of America (USA) 65.95 56.2
64 RIKEN, Japan 60.14 54.97
65 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 44.2 54.43
66 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 54.49 53.51
67 Case Western Reserve University (CWRU), United States of America (USA) 51.71 53.21
68 University of California, Irvine (UCI), United States of America (USA) 42.07 52.43
69 Mayo Clinic, United States of America (USA) 44.53 52.42
70 Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain 75.58 51.48
71 Kyoto University, Japan 57.94 50.94
72 Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU), United States of America (USA) 40.53 50.89
73 Boston University (BU), United States of America (USA) 50.4 50.61
74 Indiana University (IU), United States of America (USA) 49.08 50.56
75 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 55.98 49.74
76 Tsinghua University, China 50.75 49.31
77 University of Basel (UB), Switzerland 48.19 48.67
78 Salk Institute for Biological Studies (Salk), United States of America (USA) 53.05 48.62
79 Albert Einstein College of Medicine (Einstein), United States of America (USA) 60.12 47.93
80 The University of Iowa (UI), United States of America (USA) 46.57 47.44
81 St. Jude Children's Research Hospital (St. Jude), United States of America (USA) 41.59 46.85
82 University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus (CU Anschutz), United States of America (USA) 42.67 46.58
83 Leibniz Association, Germany 50.8 46.47
84 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 54.39 46.31
85 The University of Queensland (UQ), Australia 52.98 44.67
86 Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HUJI), Israel 48.74 44.18
87 University of Cincinnati (UC), United States of America (USA) 39.7 43.88
88 HHMI Janelia Farm Research Campus, United States of America (USA) 50.6 43.73
89 The University of Utah (Utah), United States of America (USA) 49.26 42.91
90 Zhejiang University (ZJU), China 25.32 42.87
91 European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Germany 44.34 42.31
92 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 43.14 41.12
93 Radboud University Nijmegen (RU), Netherlands 29.3 40.91
94 Lund University (LU), Sweden 28.32 40.38
95 The University of Melbourne (UniMelb), Australia 39.11 40.18
96 Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico (IRCCS), Italy 47.39 40.06
97 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 55.32 39.58
98 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 37.51 39.08
99 University of Lausanne (UNIL), Switzerland 33.5 38.97
100 University of Montreal (UdeM), Canada 37.13 38.83

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. It is important for users to understand that the data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, that they cover the natural sciences only and that outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output). We encourage users to combine the free-to-access Nature Index data with information from other sources.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted FC accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. FC values have been adjusted to 2018 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.