2017 tables: Institutions - life sciences

Table criteria

The 2017 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2016 to 31 December 2016.

2016 Institution FC 2015 FC 2016
1 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 645.13 610.22
2 National Institutes of Health (NIH), United States of America (USA) 363.89 314.47
3 Max Planck Society, Germany 257.95 281.15
4 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 282.66 236.22
5 Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), China 198.64 212.66
6 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 203.57 208.5
7 University of California San Francisco (UCSF), United States of America (USA) 205.1 193.93
8 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 182.48 193.18
9 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 205.47 193.05
10 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 175.07 176.06
11 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 156.86 168.34
12 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 184.2 165.91
13 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 155.07 157.43
14 Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 163.11 152.71
15 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 167.01 147.06
16 University of California Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 154.63 144.57
17 University of Pennsylvania (Penn), United States of America (USA) 177.83 143.62
18 Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL), United States of America (USA) 143.61 143.41
19 Duke University, United States of America (USA) 145.95 139.64
20 University of California Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 144.55 135.97
21 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 142.18 130.34
22 University College London (UCL), United Kingdom (UK) 141.13 130.03
23 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 144.77 129.23
24 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 153.15 122.44
25 New York University (NYU), United States of America (USA) 118.19 115.75
26 The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center (UT Southwestern Medical Center), United States of America (USA) 118.78 113.71
27 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 107.62 112.9
28 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 117.31 100.45
29 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 119.77 100.12
30 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 110.03 98.78
31 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), United States of America (USA) 98.85 96.62
32 University of Pittsburgh (Pitt), United States of America (USA) 81.59 94.63
33 Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA) 84.79 91.71
34 The Rockefeller University, United States of America (USA) 99.94 91.3
35 McGill University, Canada 101.41 90.95
36 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 86.93 90.68
37 Baylor College of Medicine (BCM), United States of America (USA) 100.38 88.28
38 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, United States of America (USA) 77.35 87.8
39 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 66.18 86.37
40 Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC), United States of America (USA) 84.96 84.47
41 Vanderbilt University (VU), United States of America (USA) 88.36 82.31
42 The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI), United States of America (USA) 74.87 81.47
43 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 76.92 79.75
44 National Institute for Health and Medical Research (INSERM), France 88.68 79.64
45 NIH National Cancer Institute (NCI), United States of America (USA) 75.58 79.24
46 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 73.72 72.1
47 Mount Sinai Health System (MSHS), United States of America (USA) 61.17 70.51
48 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 64.16 70.21
49 Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences (SIBS), CAS, China 62.57 68.06
50 Karolinska Institute (KI), Sweden 64.81 67.92
51 Emory University, United States of America (USA) 70.04 67.5
52 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 59.22 67.1
53 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 51.31 65.1
54 University of California Davis (UC Davis), United States of America (USA) 85.9 64.98
55 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 73.04 64.71
56 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 80.72 62.81
57 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (RU), United States of America (USA) 50.59 62.64
58 Osaka University, Japan 50.07 61.16
59 The Ohio State University (OSU), United States of America (USA) 64.74 59.61
60 Peking University (PKU), China 55.93 58.95
61 The University of British Columbia (UBC), Canada 67.39 58.18
62 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 64.55 57.74
63 University of Southern California (USC), United States of America (USA) 65.51 56.54
64 Medical Research Council (MRC), United Kingdom (UK) 60.57 55.68
65 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 55.48 54.86
66 University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMass Medical School), United States of America (USA) 60.2 54.84
67 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 44.19 54.45
68 RIKEN, Japan 61.43 54.36
69 Kyoto University, Japan 58.15 53.68
70 Case Western Reserve University (CWRU), United States of America (USA) 51.87 53.21
71 University of California Irvine (UCI), United States of America (USA) 42.11 52.43
72 Mayo Clinic, United States of America (USA) 43.54 52.25
73 Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain 76.03 51.77
74 Tsinghua University (TH), China 51.86 50.93
75 Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU), United States of America (USA) 40.53 50.89
76 Boston University (BU), United States of America (USA) 50.3 50.61
77 Indiana University (IU), United States of America (USA) 49.07 50.58
78 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 56.01 49.97
79 University of Basel (UB), Switzerland 48.5 48.67
80 Salk Institute for Biological Studies (Salk), United States of America (USA) 53.04 48.62
81 Albert Einstein College of Medicine (Einstein), United States of America (USA) 60.12 47.93
82 The University of Iowa (UI), United States of America (USA) 46.57 47.44
83 St. Jude Children's Research Hospital (St. Jude), United States of America (USA) 41.59 46.85
84 Leibniz Association, Germany 51.02 46.75
85 University of Colorado Denver | Anschutz Medical Campus (CU Anschutz), United States of America (USA) 42.67 46.58
86 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 54.41 46.37
87 The University of Queensland (UQ), Australia 52.98 45.48
88 University of Utah (Utah), United States of America (USA) 51.9 44.57
89 Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HUJI), Israel 48.76 44.18
90 University of Montreal (UdeM), Canada 43.55 44.08
91 University of Cincinnati (UC), United States of America (USA) 39.83 43.88
92 HHMI Janelia Farm Research Campus, United States of America (USA) 50.55 43.73
93 Zhejiang University (ZJU), China 25.26 42.89
94 Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium 37.68 42.49
95 European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Germany 44.34 42.39
96 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 54.9 41.89
97 Radboud University Nijmegen (RU), Netherlands 29.3 41.74
98 Istituto Di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico (IRCCS), Italy 49.8 41.63
99 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 43.18 41.3
100 The University of Melbourne (UniMelb), Australia 41.1 40.96

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. It is important for users to understand that the data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, that they cover the natural sciences only and that outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output). We encourage users to combine the free-to-access Nature Index data with information from other sources.

The tables were last updated on 7 June 2018 with the most recent institution and article corrections.

*The change in adjusted FC accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. FC values have been adjusted to 2017 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.

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