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2017 tables: Institutions - Earth & environmental sciences

Table criteria

The 2017 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2016 to 31 December 2016.

2016 Institution Share 2015 Share 2016
1 Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), China 167.74 200.67
2 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 140.63 147.56
3 National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), United States of America (USA) 95.58 117.46
4 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 108.45 109.52
5 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 86.99 84.29
6 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 66.53 83.06
7 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), United States of America (USA) 63.96 77.36
8 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 67.74 70.47
9 U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), United States of America (USA) 76.68 68.74
10 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 74.18 65.6
11 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 50.61 59.75
12 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 62.26 59.58
13 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 44.13 58.66
14 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 48.5 55.72
15 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 45.4 54.87
16 Peking University (PKU), China 44.16 53.48
17 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 40.41 52.16
18 Nanjing University (NJU), China 41.85 51.14
19 University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 72.6 51.04
20 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 36.6 50.11
21 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 41.14 48.47
22 National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), United States of America (USA) 29.49 46.15
23 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 30.53 46.05
24 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 29.11 44
25 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 30.37 41.56
26 University of New South Wales (UNSW Sydney), Australia 30.96 40.05
27 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 36.69 38.55
28 Max Planck Society, Germany 29.21 37.53
29 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 31.65 35.52
30 University of Hawai'i at Manoa (UH Mānoa), United States of America (USA) 28.02 35.36
31 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 25.61 34.3
32 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 38.44 34.22
33 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 28.69 33.63
34 Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), United States of America (USA) 36.87 33.38
35 National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV), Italy 33.32 32.97
36 Tsinghua University, China 26.44 32.68
37 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 27.41 32.2
38 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 36.11 31.93
39 University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), China 21.69 31.78
40 The University of Arizona (Arizona), United States of America (USA) 31.35 31.49
41 Australian National University (ANU), Australia 24.69 31.3
42 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 32.88 31.24
43 Tongji University, China 24.46 30.84
44 China University of Geosciences (CUG), China 16.2 30.49
45 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 40.61 30.43
46 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), United States of America (USA) 33.04 29.27
47 Leibniz Association, Germany 31.31 29.04
48 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 24.85 29.03
49 University of Alberta (U of A), Canada 29.43 28.95
50 Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), United States of America (USA) 35.1 28.85
51 University of California, Irvine (UCI), United States of America (USA) 22.12 28.48
52 Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 19.12 28.08
53 McGill University, Canada 21.52 28.04
54 The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Australia 27.51 27.87
55 Colorado State University, United States of America (USA) 19.46 27.64
56 Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (EAWAG), Switzerland 27.85 27.51
57 The University of Queensland (UQ), Australia 43.12 27.35
58 Beijing Normal University (BNU), China 23.51 27.17
59 Arizona State University (ASU), United States of America (USA) 31.92 27.06
60 Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC), Japan 20.25 26.38
61 Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain 29.98 26.36
62 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), United States of America (USA) 26.78 26.14
63 Duke University, United States of America (USA) 18.52 26.02
64 Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore 19.11 25.82
65 University of Florida (UF), United States of America (USA) 26.29 25
66 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 29.46 24.8
67 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 33.06 24.52
68 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 19.88 23.66
69 Brown University, United States of America (USA) 23.14 23.65
70 Stockholm University, Sweden 21.71 23.61
71 Institute of Research for Development (IRD), France 19.46 23.43
72 Tohoku University, Japan 23.11 23.03
73 University of California, Davis (UC Davis), United States of America (USA) 21.74 22.95
74 Oregon State University, United States of America (USA) 25.78 22.52
75 Zhejiang University (ZJU), China 17.19 22.37
76 Monash University, Australia 18.61 22.13
77 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS), China 13.74 21.83
78 University of California, Riverside (UCR), United States of America (USA) 23.13 21.81
79 Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Denmark 21.72 21.44
80 University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA) 20.45 21.2
81 University of Miami (UM), United States of America (USA) 14.82 21.19
82 University of Southern California (USC), United States of America (USA) 17.4 21.09
83 Texas A&M University (TAMU), United States of America (USA) 23.01 21.09
84 Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL), United States of America (USA) 19.04 20.94
85 University of Oslo (UiO), Norway 11.68 20.82
86 Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC), Canada 28.34 20.82
87 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 16.72 20.64
88 Curtin University, Australia 14.97 20.41
89 National Research Council (CNR), Italy 16.07 20.37
90 Carnegie Institution for Science (CIS), United States of America (USA) 20.15 20.12
91 The University of British Columbia (UBC), Canada 18.93 19.83
92 University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC), United States of America (USA) 18.28 19.76
93 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), United States of America (USA) 22 19.35
94 Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Russia 16.08 19.31
95 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (RU), United States of America (USA) 15.3 19.24
96 China Meteorological Administration (CMA), China 17.32 19.23
97 North Carolina State University (NCSU), United States of America (USA) 12.23 18.58
98 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 15.45 18.4
99 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 8.91 18.07
100 Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), United States of America (USA) 17.47 17.87

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2019 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.