2017 tables: Institutions - Earth & environmental sciences

Table criteria

The 2017 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2016 to 31 December 2016.

2016 Institution FC 2015 FC 2016
1 Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), China 167.24 200.67
2 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 140.63 147.56
3 National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), United States of America (USA) 95.58 117.46
4 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 107.84 108.97
5 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 86.99 84.29
6 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 66.53 83.06
7 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), United States of America (USA) 63.96 77.36
8 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 67.74 70.47
9 U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), United States of America (USA) 76.68 68.74
10 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 74.18 65.6
11 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 50.61 59.75
12 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 62.26 59.58
13 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 44.13 57.59
14 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 48.5 55.72
15 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 45.4 54.87
16 Peking University (PKU), China 44.16 53.48
17 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 40.41 52.16
18 Nanjing University (NJU), China 41.85 51.14
19 University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 72.6 51.04
20 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 36.6 50.11
21 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 41.14 48.47
22 National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), United States of America (USA) 29.49 46.15
23 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 30.53 46.05
24 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 29.11 44
25 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 30.37 41.56
26 University of New South Wales (UNSW), Australia 30.96 40.05
27 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 36.69 38.55
28 Max Planck Society, Germany 29.21 37.53
29 China University of Geosciences (CUG), China 18.29 37.29
30 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 31.65 35.52
31 University of Hawai'i at Manoa (UH Mānoa), United States of America (USA) 28.02 35.36
32 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 25.61 34.3
33 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 38.44 34.22
34 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 28.69 33.63
35 National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV), Italy 33.32 32.97
36 Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), United States of America (USA) 36.87 32.95
37 Tsinghua University, China 26.44 32.68
38 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 27.41 32.2
39 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 36.11 31.93
40 University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), China 21.69 31.78
41 The University of Arizona (Arizona), United States of America (USA) 31.35 31.49
42 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 32.94 31.3
43 Australian National University (ANU), Australia 24.69 31.3
44 Tongji University, China 24.46 30.84
45 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 40.61 30.43
46 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), United States of America (USA) 33.04 29.27
47 University of Alberta (U of A), Canada 29.43 28.95
48 Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), United States of America (USA) 35.1 28.85
49 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 24.92 28.75
50 University of California, Irvine (UCI), United States of America (USA) 22.12 28.48
51 Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 19.12 28.08
52 McGill University, Canada 21.52 28.04
53 The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Australia 27.51 27.87
54 Colorado State University, United States of America (USA) 19.46 27.64
55 Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (EAWAG), Switzerland 27.85 27.51
56 Leibniz Association, Germany 30.77 27.43
57 The University of Queensland (UQ), Australia 43.08 27.35
58 Beijing Normal University (BNU), China 23.51 27.17
59 Arizona State University (ASU), United States of America (USA) 31.92 27.06
60 Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC), Japan 20.25 26.38
61 Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain 29.98 26.36
62 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), United States of America (USA) 26.78 26.14
63 Duke University, United States of America (USA) 18.52 26.02
64 Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore 19.11 25.82
65 University of Florida (UF), United States of America (USA) 26.29 25
66 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 29.52 24.86
67 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 33.06 24.52
68 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 19.88 23.66
69 Brown University, United States of America (USA) 23.14 23.65
70 Stockholm University, Sweden 21.71 23.61
71 Institute of Research for Development (IRD), France 19.25 23.22
72 Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Denmark 24.69 23.13
73 Tohoku University, Japan 23.11 23.03
74 University of California, Davis (UC Davis), United States of America (USA) 21.74 22.95
75 Oregon State University, United States of America (USA) 26.65 22.52
76 Zhejiang University (ZJU), China 17.19 22.37
77 Monash University, Australia 17.9 22.13
78 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS), China 13.14 21.83
79 University of California, Riverside (UCR), United States of America (USA) 23.13 21.81
80 University of Miami (UM), United States of America (USA) 14.82 21.19
81 University of Southern California (USC), United States of America (USA) 17.4 21.09
82 Texas A&M University (TAMU), United States of America (USA) 22.76 21.09
83 Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL), United States of America (USA) 19.04 20.94
84 University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA) 20.45 20.84
85 University of Oslo (UiO), Norway 11.68 20.82
86 Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC), Canada 28.34 20.82
87 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 16.72 20.64
88 Curtin University, Australia 14.97 20.41
89 National Research Council (CNR), Italy 16.07 20.37
90 Carnegie Institution for Science (CIS), United States of America (USA) 20.15 20.12
91 The University of British Columbia (UBC), Canada 18.93 19.83
92 University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC), United States of America (USA) 18.28 19.76
93 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), United States of America (USA) 22 19.35
94 Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Russia 16.08 19.31
95 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (RU), United States of America (USA) 15.3 19.24
96 China Meteorological Administration (CMA), China 17.32 19.23
97 North Carolina State University (NCSU), United States of America (USA) 12.23 18.58
98 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 15.45 18.4
99 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 8.91 18.07
100 Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), United States of America (USA) 17.47 17.87

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. It is important for users to understand that the data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, that they cover the natural sciences only and that outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output). We encourage users to combine the free-to-access Nature Index data with information from other sources.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted FC accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. FC values have been adjusted to 2018 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.