2017 tables: Institutions

The 2017 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2016 to 31 December 2016.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2015 Share 2016 Count 2016 Change in Adjusted Share 2015-2016*
1 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 794.03 770.09 4,293 -0.5%
2 Max Planck Society, Germany 745.30 766.40 2,432 5.5%
3 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 541.52 528.91 2,067 0.2%
4 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 438.28 466.85 1,248 9.3%
5 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 432.89 438.52 1,277 3.9%
6 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 377.17 355.01 910 -3.5%
7 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 228.57 234.26 570 5.1%
8 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 222.99 216.15 792 -0.6%
9 Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain 235.76 211.55 1,082 -8.0%
10 Leibniz Association, Germany 222.03 208.50 717 -3.7%
11 UCL, United Kingdom (UK) 224.31 203.08 767 -7.1%
12 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 181.05 181.49 602 2.8%
13 Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Russia 161.38 172.05 769 9.4%
14 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 167.65 156.60 553 -4.2%
15 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 133.90 151.21 589 15.8%
16 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 125.38 145.31 506 18.9%
17 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 118.90 144.15 548 24.4%
18 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 144.36 136.19 554 -3.2%
19 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 128.62 126.49 515 0.9%
20 National Research Council (CNR), Italy 139.34 126.30 530 -7.0%
21 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 123.77 121.72 577 0.9%
22 National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN), Italy 124.74 120.30 617 -1.1%
23 Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology (BIST), Spain 98.66 119.22 403 23.9%
24 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 131.35 119.03 418 -7.1%
25 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 116.30 116.98 377 3.2%
26 Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium 106.97 115.13 343 10.4%
27 The French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), France 115.87 114.46 937 1.3%
28 Sorbonne University, France 117.38 105.52 1,057 -7.8%
29 University of Groningen (RUG), Netherlands 103.86 104.36 354 3.1%
30 University of Basel (UB), Switzerland 91.58 102.61 287 14.9%
31 University of Münster (WWU), Germany 106.73 102.36 295 -1.6%
32 University of Würzburg (JMU), Germany 120.45 100.59 318 -14.3%
33 University of Göttingen, Germany 106.02 97.99 330 -5.2%
34 Lund University (LU), Sweden 99.51 95.93 377 -1.1%
35 Radboud University Nijmegen (RU), Netherlands 71.66 95.43 496 36.6%
36 Aarhus University (AU), Denmark 87.15 95.10 243 11.9%
37 Uppsala University (UU), Sweden 94.29 94.95 421 3.3%
38 Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), Germany 78.94 94.15 340 22.3%
39 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 74.98 92.63 262 26.7%
40 RWTH Aachen University (RWTH Aachen), Germany 89.62 91.71 372 5.0%
41 National Institute for Health and Medical Research (INSERM), France 99.23 90.82 894 -6.1%
42 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 93.16 90.76 325 -0.1%
43 University of Bonn (Uni Bonn), Germany 95.60 88.73 325 -4.8%
44 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 78.74 88.33 241 15.1%
45 Free University of Berlin (FU Berlin), Germany 103.10 86.95 460 -13.5%
46 Dresden University of Technology (TU Dresden), Germany 86.41 84.81 370 0.7%
47 University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU), Germany 98.79 82.74 239 -14.1%
48 Leiden University, Netherlands 86.38 81.25 310 -3.5%
49 The University of Warwick (Warwick), United Kingdom (UK) 78.83 81.09 317 5.5%
50 Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Denmark 77.55 77.80 203 2.9%
51 Stockholm University, Sweden 94.87 77.43 410 -16.3%
52 University of Amsterdam (UvA), Netherlands 62.33 77.27 499 27.1%
53 Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM), Spain 69.93 76.44 373 12.1%
54 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 94.79 76.15 342 -17.6%
55 University of Regensburg (UR), Germany 74.09 75.58 159 4.6%
56 University of Freiburg (Uni Freiburg), Germany 92.25 74.76 297 -16.9%
57 Czech Academy of Sciences (CAS), Czech Republic 70.46 74.51 344 8.5%
58 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 83.95 73.98 348 -9.6%
59 Karolinska Institute (KI), Sweden 73.20 73.86 323 3.5%
60 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 90.44 73.34 260 -16.8%
61 University of Paris-Sud (UPSud), France 76.75 71.87 724 -3.9%
62 University of Barcelona (UB), Spain 68.90 71.72 304 6.8%
63 University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen), Germany 81.88 71.47 266 -10.5%
64 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 72.05 71.45 388 1.7%
65 Humboldt University of Berlin (HU Berlin), Germany 87.61 71.35 460 -16.5%
66 University of Cologne (UoC), Germany 58.79 69.62 230 21.5%
67 University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 55.10 69.22 347 28.8%
68 Ghent University (UGent), Belgium 70.94 68.87 254 -0.4%
69 The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom (UK) 79.11 68.35 288 -11.4%
70 Goethe University Frankfurt (GU), Germany 72.16 68.12 219 -3.2%
71 University of Paris, France 88.35 67.55 699 -21.6%
72 Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e), Netherlands 52.46 67.20 142 31.4%
73 University of Bern (UniBE), Switzerland 71.83 66.98 326 -4.3%
74 The University of Nottingham (UoN), United Kingdom (UK) 69.11 66.84 184 -0.8%
75 University of Strasbourg, France 63.26 64.72 433 4.9%
76 Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin), Germany 65.76 63.33 143 -1.2%
77 University of Vienna, Austria 53.53 61.46 221 17.8%
78 University of Oslo (UiO), Norway 45.06 60.56 310 37.8%
79 Grenoble Alpes University (UGA), France 52.79 57.95 578 12.6%
80 VU Amsterdam, Netherlands 46.75 56.24 353 23.4%
81 University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Spain 45.38 56.09 233 26.8%
82 Ruhr University Bochum (RUB), Germany 59.79 55.38 185 -5.0%
83 Medical Research Council (MRC), United Kingdom (UK) 57.98 55.07 215 -2.6%
84 University of Bayreuth (UBT), Germany 46.23 54.99 114 22.0%
85 University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 60.63 54.34 211 -8.1%
86 European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Switzerland 63.25 53.80 354 -12.8%
87 University of Helsinki, Finland 58.32 51.70 307 -9.1%
88 KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden 57.55 50.77 392 -9.5%
89 University of Toulouse, France 58.88 50.72 416 -11.7%
90 University of Lausanne (UNIL), Switzerland 46.46 50.47 187 11.4%
91 Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI), Switzerland 45.23 50.04 242 13.5%
92 University of Valencia (UV), Spain 46.29 49.71 263 10.1%
93 University of Birmingham (UB), United Kingdom (UK) 51.12 49.62 305 -0.5%
94 University of Konstanz, Germany 43.99 49.45 94 15.3%
95 Polish Academy of Sciences (PAS), Poland 58.40 49.00 321 -13.9%
96 Vienna University of Technology (TU Wien), Austria 50.47 48.87 174 -0.7%
97 University of Lyon, France 53.11 48.68 438 -6.0%
98 Cardiff University, United Kingdom (UK) 37.54 48.44 192 32.4%
99 The University of Dublin, Ireland 43.95 47.66 141 11.2%
100 Leipzig University, Germany 44.68 47.34 166 8.7%
101 University of Stuttgart, Germany 59.94 47.00 127 -19.6%
102 Aix-Marseille University (AMU), France 47.39 46.98 456 1.7%
103 Aalto University, Finland 55.77 45.73 218 -15.9%
104 European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Germany 47.65 45.66 234 -1.7%
105 Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Belgium 38.74 45.53 196 20.6%
106 Philipps University of Marburg (Uni Marburg), Germany 53.08 45.41 119 -12.2%
107 The Francis Crick Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 54.75 44.79 122 -16.1%
108 Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), United Kingdom (UK) 49.16 44.58 262 -7.0%
109 University of York, United Kingdom (UK) 49.81 44.13 148 -9.1%
110 F. Hoffmann-La Roche AG, Switzerland 45.66 43.91 99 -1.4%
111 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 52.77 43.64 159 -15.2%
112 Friedrich Schiller University Jena (FSU), Germany 44.50 43.21 173 -0.4%
113 University of Montpellier, France 47.14 43.08 374 -6.3%
114 Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU), Russia 38.01 42.63 331 15.0%
115 National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and Environment (INRAE), France 38.75 42.26 384 11.9%
116 Scientific Institute for Research, Hospitalization and Healthcare (IRCCS), Italy 52.58 41.41 208 -19.2%
117 Novartis International AG, Switzerland 48.57 41.29 122 -12.8%
118 Technical University of Darmstadt (TU Darmstadt), Germany 27.95 40.16 113 47.4%
119 Chalmers University of Technology (Chalmers), Sweden 60.84 40.15 109 -32.3%
120 University of Kiel (CAU), Germany 41.06 39.91 171 -0.3%
121 Newcastle University, United Kingdom (UK) 40.33 39.64 179 0.8%
122 University of Lisbon (ULISBOA), Portugal 32.02 39.59 220 26.8%
123 Pasteur Institute, France 34.82 39.22 211 15.5%
124 Complutense University of Madrid (UCM), Spain 38.86 39.11 176 3.2%
125 Hungarian Academy of Sciences (HAS), Hungary 42.25 38.93 253 -5.5%
126 University of Padova (UNIPD), Italy 44.71 38.42 269 -11.8%
127 National Institute for Astrophysics (INAF), Italy 39.77 37.99 165 -2.0%
128 Ulm University, Germany 38.43 37.68 143 0.6%
129 University of Innsbruck (LFU), Austria 28.61 37.62 195 34.9%
130 Sapienza University of Rome, Italy 49.45 37.41 333 -22.4%
131 Catholic University of Louvain (UCLouvain), Belgium 30.65 36.33 150 21.6%
132 Flanders Institute for Biotechnology (VIB), Belgium 25.81 36.02 153 43.2%
133 University of Bath, United Kingdom (UK) 44.99 35.94 100 -18.1%
134 Italian Institute of Technology (IIT), Italy 48.01 35.75 133 -23.6%
135 University of Duisburg-Essen (UDE), Germany 35.93 35.15 121 0.4%
136 NWO-I, the Institutes Organisation of NWO, Netherlands 39.31 35.02 315 -8.6%
137 University of Potsdam, Germany 30.85 34.96 126 16.3%
138 University of Gothenburg (GU), Sweden 34.34 34.17 128 2.1%
139 University of Warsaw (UW), Poland 37.18 33.61 172 -7.3%
140 University of Santiago de Compostela (USC), Spain 31.23 33.43 144 9.8%
141 National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV), Italy 33.36 33.11 76 1.8%
142 Wageningen University & Research (WUR), Netherlands 35.87 32.89 142 -6.0%
143 Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf (HHU), Germany 37.77 32.84 136 -10.8%
144 Institute of Research for Development (IRD), France 29.37 32.68 512 14.1%
145 Austrian Academy of Sciences (ÖAW), Austria 26.95 32.37 240 23.2%
146 University of Bordeaux, France 38.39 32.37 232 -13.5%
147 Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (EAWAG), Switzerland 31.98 32.29 101 3.6%
148 University of Bologna (UNIBO), Italy 29.04 32.21 286 13.8%
149 University of Dundee, United Kingdom (UK) 22.00 31.38 95 46.3%
150 AstraZeneca plc, United Kingdom (UK) 24.04 31.19 112 33.1%
151 University of Twente (UTwente), Netherlands 29.67 31.17 65 7.8%
152 University of Sussex, United Kingdom (UK) 33.19 30.58 171 -5.5%
153 Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), United Kingdom (UK) 32.72 30.56 426 -4.2%
154 National Institute of Applied Sciences (INSA), France 37.42 30.49 289 -16.4%
155 Linköping University (LiU), Sweden 38.25 30.10 106 -19.3%
156 TU Dortmund University, Germany 22.92 29.45 174 31.8%
157 Vienna Biocenter (VBC), Austria 15.58 28.96 92 90.6%
158 Charles University (CU), Czech Republic 29.52 28.81 254 0.1%
159 University of Antwerp (UA), Belgium 29.29 28.48 145 -0.3%
160 University of Strathclyde, United Kingdom (UK) 32.09 27.44 107 -12.3%
161 University of Oviedo (UniOvi), Spain 25.01 27.40 126 12.4%
162 Leibniz University Hannover (LUH), Germany 36.20 27.32 84 -22.6%
163 University of Liège (ULg), Belgium 19.10 27.20 88 46.1%
164 University of Florence (UNIFI), Italy 36.15 27.12 177 -23.0%
165 University of Turin (UNITO), Italy 37.50 27.08 213 -25.9%
166 Saarland University (Saar-Uni), Germany 26.61 26.71 73 3.0%
167 University of Bremen (Uni Bremen), Germany 33.48 26.67 109 -18.3%
168 Wellcome Sanger Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 30.49 25.89 165 -12.9%
169 Jagiellonian University (UJ), Poland 31.30 25.76 147 -15.6%
170 Queen's University Belfast (QUB), United Kingdom (UK) 37.15 25.70 84 -29.0%
171 Technical University Braunschweig (TU Braunschweig), Germany 26.43 25.55 68 -0.8%
172 Umeå University (UMU), Sweden 36.50 25.52 98 -28.3%
173 University of Naples Federico II (UNINA), Italy 33.98 25.51 238 -23.0%
174 Catalan Institution for Research and Advanced Studies (ICREA), Spain 18.73 25.09 291 37.4%
175 University of Pisa (UNIPI), Italy 16.57 24.75 250 53.1%
176 Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU), Germany 19.50 24.63 101 29.6%
177 University of Granada (UGR), Spain 17.45 24.52 145 44.1%
178 University of Milan (UNIMI), Italy 26.30 24.46 230 -4.6%
179 University of Leicester, United Kingdom (UK) 29.84 24.40 99 -16.1%
180 University of Milano-Bicocca (UNIMIB), Italy 29.47 24.08 166 -16.2%
181 École Normale Supérieure (ENS Paris), France 25.23 24.01 294 -2.4%
182 Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR), Netherlands 23.90 23.98 166 2.9%
183 Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway 29.59 23.95 86 -17.0%
184 Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB), Spain 32.70 23.93 205 -24.9%
185 University of Reading, United Kingdom (UK) 29.41 23.86 95 -16.8%
186 Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati (SISSA), Italy 25.16 23.58 105 -3.9%
187 European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF), France 21.24 23.57 133 13.8%
188 Netherlands Cancer Institute (NKI), Netherlands 19.55 23.00 96 20.7%
189 National Research Center Kurchatov Institute (NRCKI), Russia 21.97 22.84 269 6.6%
190 John Innes Centre (JIC), United Kingdom (UK) 16.87 22.44 50 36.4%
191 University of Zaragoza (Unizar), Spain 22.75 22.35 115 0.8%
192 Heriot-Watt University, United Kingdom (UK) 21.47 22.15 67 5.8%
193 University of Wrocław (UWr), Poland 19.22 22.03 59 17.6%
194 Fraunhofer Society, Germany 20.84 21.93 126 7.9%
195 University College Dublin (UCD), Ireland 25.04 21.85 170 -10.5%
196 Lancaster University, United Kingdom (UK) 24.86 21.77 177 -10.2%
197 Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology (EMPA), Switzerland 28.66 21.33 63 -23.6%
198 Polytechnic University of Milan, Italy 16.63 21.10 83 30.2%
199 University of Siegen, Germany 20.96 21.05 110 3.0%
200 Saint Petersburg State University (SPbU), Russia 28.01 20.92 103 -23.4%
201 Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (KNAW), Netherlands 20.46 20.80 128 4.3%
202 University of Southern Denmark (SDU), Denmark 27.22 20.40 103 -23.1%
203 Giessen University (JLU), Germany 22.48 20.17 152 -8.0%
204 Bielefeld University, Germany 30.01 20.00 45 -31.6%
205 Swansea University, United Kingdom (UK) 17.43 19.68 52 15.8%
206 Interuniversity Microelectronics Centre (IMEC), Belgium 23.01 19.33 53 -13.8%
207 University of Lille Nord de France, France 20.89 19.28 156 -5.3%
208 University of Jyväskylä, Finland 26.49 19.03 153 -26.3%
209 Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP), Italy 18.68 18.98 163 4.2%
210 Rovira i Virgili University (URV), Spain 12.99 18.83 52 48.7%
211 Pompeu Fabra University (UPF), Spain 21.51 18.81 92 -10.3%
212 Grenoble Institute of Technology (Grenoble INP), France 19.84 18.56 299 -4.0%
213 Graz University of Technology (TU Graz), Austria 13.64 18.36 65 38.0%
214 University of Bergen (UIB), Norway 20.79 18.21 205 -10.2%
215 University of East Anglia (UEA), United Kingdom (UK) 24.92 18.20 82 -25.1%
216 University of La Laguna (ULL), Spain 15.66 18.08 102 18.4%
217 University of Fribourg (UNIFR), Switzerland 18.65 18.01 77 -0.9%
218 Masaryk University (MU), Czech Republic 15.42 17.82 77 18.6%
219 IMDEA Institutes, Spain 13.05 17.58 68 38.2%
220 University of Turku (UTU), Finland 20.60 17.53 93 -12.7%
221 Institute of Health Carlos III (ISCIII), Spain 19.55 16.93 154 -11.2%
222 University of Rostock, Germany 24.57 16.82 80 -29.8%
223 University of Lorraine (UL), France 16.31 16.73 104 5.2%
224 Hannover Medical School (MHH), Germany 15.42 16.60 75 10.4%
225 Institute of Science and Technology Austria (IST Austria), Austria 10.94 16.43 41 54.0%
226 University of Porto (UP), Portugal 23.27 16.11 102 -29.0%
227 University of Rome Tor Vergata, Italy 18.91 16.10 180 -12.7%
228 University College Cork (UCC), Ireland 12.08 16.07 71 36.5%
229 University of Crete (UOC), Greece 27.21 16.06 54 -39.4%
230 University of Aberdeen, United Kingdom (UK) 21.15 15.99 82 -22.4%
231 École Normale Supérieure de Lyon (ENS de Lyon), France 14.50 15.89 151 12.4%
232 University of Seville (US), Spain 21.12 15.87 95 -22.9%
233 Jaume I University (UJI), Spain 12.77 15.86 55 27.4%
234 GlaxoSmithKline plc. (GSK), United Kingdom (UK) 26.58 15.72 67 -39.3%
235 Medical University of Vienna (MUW), Austria 19.52 15.70 102 -17.5%
236 Met Office, United Kingdom (UK) 15.79 15.46 43 0.5%
237 The Institute of Cancer Research (ICR), United Kingdom (UK) 15.65 15.46 59 1.3%
238 École Polytechnique, France 19.61 15.27 246 -20.1%
239 University of Luxembourg, Luxembourg 4.41 15.11 37 251.8%
240 Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP), France 12.03 15.02 185 28.1%
241 Free University of Brussels (VUB), Belgium 17.01 14.90 145 -10.1%
242 Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Sweden 19.74 14.79 76 -23.1%
243 University of Graz (Uni Graz), Austria 25.20 14.73 57 -40.0%
244 University of Kaiserslautern (TU Kaiserslautern), Germany 16.89 14.54 49 -11.7%
245 NERC British Antarctic Survey (BAS), United Kingdom (UK) 9.40 14.47 40 57.9%
246 University of Oldenburg, Germany 16.05 14.35 44 -8.3%
247 Spanish National Cancer Research Centre (CNIO), Spain 13.95 14.25 38 4.7%
248 Institut Laue Langevin (ILL), France 11.36 14.12 83 27.6%
249 ITMO National Research University (ITMO University), Russia 13.03 13.95 48 9.8%
250 Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology - State University (MIPT), Russia 11.08 13.85 107 28.2%
251 University of Rennes 1, France 18.10 13.82 112 -21.7%
252 Tampere University, Finland 11.83 13.70 164 18.7%
253 Curie Institute, France 21.83 13.46 103 -36.7%
254 New University of Lisbon (UNL), Portugal 14.12 13.31 96 -3.3%
255 University of Iceland, Iceland 14.17 13.12 87 -5.0%
256 University of Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines (UVSQ), France 11.94 12.90 157 10.8%
257 University of Calabria (UNICAL), Italy 8.93 12.87 114 47.8%
258 BASF SE, Germany 10.12 12.76 59 29.3%
259 University of Girona (UdG), Spain 18.43 12.61 36 -29.8%
260 University of Aveiro (UA), Portugal 14.90 12.55 52 -13.6%
261 University of Tartu (UT), Estonia 11.08 12.43 74 15.1%
262 University of Perugia, Italy 9.70 12.39 134 31.1%
263 Jacobs University Bremen, Germany 11.27 12.38 34 12.8%
264 NERC National Oceanography Centre (NOC), United Kingdom (UK) 15.04 12.33 58 -15.9%
265 ESPCI ParisTech, France 13.25 12.28 111 -4.9%
266 Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI), Finland 7.03 12.13 41 77.0%
267 The Open University (OU), United Kingdom (UK) 8.52 12.13 45 46.1%
268 University of Ljubljana, Slovenia 13.29 12.08 124 -6.8%
269 CIC nanoGUNE Consolider, Spain 9.15 11.92 40 33.7%
270 Johannes Kepler University of Linz (JKU), Austria 13.10 11.90 30 -6.8%
271 University of Genova, Italy 14.07 11.77 215 -14.2%
272 University of Salamanca (USAL), Spain 9.08 11.74 38 32.7%
273 Institut Polytechnique de Bordeaux (Bordeaux INP), France 10.17 11.58 78 16.8%
274 The National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (NASU), Ukraine 17.01 11.57 159 -30.2%
275 Spanish National Center for Cardiovascular Research (CNIC), Spain 3.92 11.53 30 202.2%
276 University of Surrey, United Kingdom (UK) 14.91 11.52 49 -20.7%
277 Jozef Stefan Institute (IJS), Slovenia 21.27 11.52 128 -44.5%
278 Natural History Museum, United Kingdom (UK) 8.87 11.51 50 33.0%
279 University of Parma (UNIPR), Italy 9.10 11.36 44 28.0%
280 Polytechnic University of Catalonia (UPC), Spain 14.44 11.35 61 -19.4%
281 University of London - Royal Holloway (RHUL), United Kingdom (UK) 15.24 11.21 119 -24.6%
282 University of Cyprus, Cyprus 8.45 11.20 74 36.0%
283 Novosibirsk State University (NSU), Russia 13.19 11.19 120 -13.0%
284 University Clermont Auvergne, France 10.70 11.07 199 6.1%
285 University of Trieste (UNITS), Italy 14.49 11.05 145 -21.7%
286 University of Pavia (UNIPV), Italy 14.38 10.98 164 -21.6%
287 University of Tromsø - The Arctic University of Norway (UiT), Norway 11.82 10.97 58 -4.8%
288 Polytechnic University of Turin, Italy 8.14 10.90 39 37.4%
289 Babraham Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 7.27 10.87 31 53.3%
290 University of Murcia (UMU), Spain 14.25 10.87 30 -21.8%
291 C. H. Boehringer Sohn AG & Co. KG (Boehringer Ingelheim), Germany 8.06 10.84 23 37.9%
292 Palacky University (PU), Czech Republic 13.23 10.69 113 -17.1%
293 Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR), Russia 11.95 10.61 204 -8.9%
294 University of Wuppertal, Germany 13.71 10.61 97 -20.6%
295 University of Augsburg, Germany 15.46 10.56 36 -30.0%
296 Collège de France, France 10.91 10.54 148 -0.9%
297 Foundation for Research and Technology - Hellas (FORTH), Greece 12.13 10.53 47 -10.9%
298 University of Alcalá (UAH), Spain 7.47 10.42 41 43.2%
299 National Physical Laboratory (NPL), United Kingdom (UK) 6.44 10.40 43 65.6%
300 University of Chemistry and Technology, Prague (UCT), Czech Republic 10.78 10.31 24 -1.9%
301 International Solvay Institutes, Belgium 10.12 10.25 45 4.0%
302 University of Belgrade, Serbia 14.00 10.24 152 -25.0%
303 University of Trento (UNITN), Italy 12.98 10.24 119 -19.1%
304 University of Nantes, France 10.49 10.16 109 -0.7%
305 National Museum of Natural History (MNHN), France 9.29 10.10 122 11.4%
306 National University of Ireland Galway (NUI Galway), Ireland 11.00 10.07 37 -6.1%
307 University of Minho (UM), Portugal 8.38 10.05 102 23.0%
308 Scuola Normale Superiore (SNS), Italy 10.55 9.99 128 -2.9%
309 Cancer Research UK (CRUK), United Kingdom (UK) 8.13 9.98 94 25.8%
310 European Commission (EC), Belgium 8.12 9.86 31 24.6%
311 Technical University of Madrid (UPM), Spain 10.23 9.66 36 -3.1%
312 University of Mons (UMONS), Belgium 10.39 9.64 92 -4.9%
313 University of Hull, United Kingdom (UK) 6.59 9.57 42 48.9%
314 Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland (RCSI), Ireland 5.13 9.56 52 91.1%
315 German Federal Institute of Hydrology (BfG), Germany 4.79 9.41 23 101.7%
316 European Southern Observatory (ESO), Germany 13.39 9.39 92 -28.1%
317 Eötvös Loránd University (ELTE), Hungary 12.49 9.33 90 -23.4%
318 Elettra - Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A., Italy 10.26 9.31 43 -7.0%
319 Maastricht University (UM), Netherlands 10.03 9.31 71 -4.8%
320 Birkbeck, University of London (BBK), United Kingdom (UK) 11.28 9.26 50 -15.8%
321 University of Savoy (USMB), France 10.20 9.21 217 -7.4%
322 Polytechnic University of Valencia (UPV), Spain 15.17 9.11 45 -38.5%
323 National and Kapodistrian University of Athens (UOA), Greece 9.20 8.98 181 0.2%
324 University of Coimbra (UC), Portugal 13.24 8.96 112 -30.6%
325 Gulbenkian Science Institute (IGC), Portugal 8.18 8.95 21 12.2%
326 Rudjer Boskovic Institute (RBI), Croatia 11.32 8.89 104 -19.5%
327 Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg (OVGU), Germany 9.44 8.84 40 -4.0%
328 Swedish Museum of Natural History, Sweden 4.00 8.83 34 126.4%
329 University of Paderborn (UPB), Germany 6.73 8.83 23 34.6%
330 University of Osnabrück (Uni Osnabrück), Germany 9.04 8.81 30 0.0%
331 NERC Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (CEH), United Kingdom (UK) 6.11 8.73 31 46.5%
332 University of Salento, Italy 6.25 8.65 106 41.8%
333 University of Portsmouth, United Kingdom (UK) 6.83 8.63 33 29.5%
334 University of Greifswald, Germany 14.09 8.61 45 -37.3%
335 Ural Federal University (UrFU), Russia 6.25 8.61 27 41.3%
336 University of Ioannina (UOI), Greece 7.83 8.59 82 12.6%
337 British Geological Survey (BGS), United Kingdom (UK) 8.34 8.36 33 2.7%
338 University of Castilla-La Mancha (UCLM), Spain 8.58 8.27 45 -1.1%
339 University of A Coruña (UDC), Spain 4.38 8.24 21 92.9%
340 University of Plymouth, United Kingdom (UK) 7.98 8.24 37 5.8%
341 University of Roma Tre, Italy 7.19 8.16 108 16.5%
342 Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust (OUH), United Kingdom (UK) 5.79 8.07 84 42.9%
343 University of Catania, Italy 5.46 7.96 106 49.6%
344 AgroParisTech, France 5.80 7.94 92 40.3%
345 Loughborough University, United Kingdom (UK) 9.03 7.93 35 -9.9%
346 University of Vigo (UVIGO), Spain 7.35 7.85 20 9.6%
347 Kazan Federal University (KFU), Russia 4.47 7.82 32 79.5%
348 Ilmenau University of Technology (TU Ilmenau), Germany 11.25 7.79 16 -29.0%
349 University of Oulu, Finland 11.51 7.79 65 -30.6%
350 École Pratique des Hautes Études (EPHE), France 5.97 7.78 125 33.7%
351 University of Namur (UNamur), Belgium 7.64 7.75 24 4.0%
352 Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales (CNES), France 8.93 7.71 184 -11.4%
353 Catalan Health Institute (ICS), Spain 6.38 7.70 68 23.8%
354 University of the Balearic Islands (UIB), Spain 15.20 7.65 33 -48.4%
355 France Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy, France 8.18 7.58 156 -5.0%
356 Medical University of Innsbruck (MUI), Austria 8.44 7.56 42 -8.1%
357 Bangor University, United Kingdom (UK) 7.78 7.51 27 -0.9%
358 University of Valladolid (UVa), Spain 6.09 7.44 18 25.3%
359 National Centre for Scientific Research 'Demokritos' (NCSR), Greece 10.37 7.36 78 -27.2%
360 University of Eastern Finland (UEF), Finland 6.81 7.34 69 10.6%
361 Chemnitz University of Technology (TU Chemnitz), Germany 5.38 7.28 31 38.8%
362 University of Aalborg (AAU), Denmark 10.14 7.26 41 -26.5%
363 Gustave Eiffel University, France 8.49 7.26 75 -12.3%
364 Medical University of Graz (Med Uni Graz), Austria 1.92 7.24 50 286.7%
365 Champalimaud Foundation, Portugal 8.25 7.22 20 -10.3%
366 Swedish Institute of Space Physics (IRF), Sweden 9.12 7.21 45 -18.9%
367 Åbo Akademi University, Finland 4.38 7.19 38 68.4%
368 Centre for Cooperative Research in Biomaterials (CIC biomaGUNE), Spain 7.91 7.17 24 -7.0%
369 University of Limerick (UL), Ireland 8.97 7.13 22 -18.5%
370 London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM), United Kingdom (UK) 9.13 7.09 44 -20.4%
371 Hasselt University (UHasselt), Belgium 6.50 7.08 21 11.8%
372 Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics (SIB), Switzerland 4.97 7.02 72 45.0%
373 French Research Institute for Exploitation of the Sea (Ifremer), France 7.48 6.97 59 -4.5%
374 University of Palermo (UNIPA), Italy 3.98 6.90 32 77.7%
375 Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (BAS), Bulgaria 5.34 6.87 94 32.0%
376 University of Bari Aldo Moro (UniBA), Italy 9.88 6.86 144 -28.8%
377 University of Burgundy, France 5.45 6.80 53 27.9%
378 University of Lübeck, Germany 6.71 6.64 82 1.5%
379 National Research Nuclear University MEPhI (Moscow Engineering Physics Institute), Russia 6.52 6.62 190 4.2%
380 University of Cagliari (UNICA), Italy 7.71 6.59 69 -12.3%
381 Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM), Germany 12.53 6.56 16 -46.3%
382 Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań (AMU), Poland 10.18 6.53 23 -34.2%
383 University of Zagreb, Croatia 4.81 6.49 48 38.4%
384 Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB), Germany 12.77 6.48 25 -48.0%
385 École Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Montpellier (ENSCM), France 10.74 6.42 69 -38.7%
386 Le Mans University, France 5.00 6.37 20 30.8%
387 University of Patras, Greece 7.00 6.32 16 -7.4%
388 Wrocław University of Science and Technology (WRUT), Poland 6.25 6.31 16 3.5%
389 University of Angers, France 4.65 6.31 41 39.1%
390 Center for Cooperative Research in Biosciences (CIC bioGUNE), Spain 6.47 6.26 30 -0.7%
391 Italian Foundation for Cancer Research (FIRC), Italy 7.93 6.18 33 -20.1%
392 Thales S.A., France 4.40 6.08 45 41.9%
393 University of Salerno (UNISA), Italy 13.68 6.05 61 -54.6%
394 Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń (NCU), Poland 5.64 6.04 24 9.9%
395 Paris Observatory, France 6.10 6.02 143 1.2%
396 National Technical University of Athens (NTUA), Greece 6.63 5.96 107 -7.8%
397 University of Modena and Reggio Emilia (UNIMORE), Italy 6.12 5.95 52 -0.3%
398 National Institute for Research in Computer Science and Control (INRIA), France 6.35 5.94 246 -4.0%
399 University of Ferrara (UNIFE), Italy 8.21 5.88 74 -26.5%
400 National Interuniversity Consortium of Materials Science and Technology (INSTM), Italy 8.32 5.87 37 -27.7%
401 Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Ukraine 5.71 5.84 28 5.0%
402 AGH University of Science and Technology (AGH UST), Poland 9.21 5.80 133 -35.4%
403 Vilnius University (VU), Lithuania 7.18 5.79 74 -17.2%
404 University of L'Aquila (UNIVAQ), Italy 5.49 5.74 34 7.2%
405 Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research (WSL), Switzerland 4.00 5.70 27 46.3%
406 Academy of Athens, Greece 3.21 5.67 23 81.3%
407 University of Neuchâtel (UniNE), Switzerland 4.88 5.63 23 18.5%
408 Maria Curie-Skłodowska University (UMCS), Poland 3.22 5.63 13 79.2%
409 Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research (TNO), Netherlands 2.66 5.53 44 112.9%
410 University of Orléans, France 6.82 5.44 59 -18.3%
411 University of Pau and Pays de l'Adour (UPPA), France 3.38 5.43 37 64.5%
412 University Institute of France (IUF), France 4.61 5.38 59 19.9%
413 Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (AUTH), Greece 6.19 5.35 89 -11.4%
414 University of Szeged (SZTE), Hungary 3.40 5.30 26 59.8%
415 University of La Rioja (UR), Spain 4.54 5.29 15 19.4%
416 Liverpool John Moores University (LJMU), United Kingdom (UK) 4.72 5.29 26 14.9%
417 Chimie ParisTech (ENSCP), France 3.94 5.28 56 37.4%
418 Tomsk State University (TSU), Russia 5.61 5.24 53 -4.2%
419 Bayer AG, Germany 1.85 5.21 31 188.6%
420 Slovak Academy of Sciences (SAS), Slovakia 5.01 5.19 106 6.2%
421 Institut Mines-Télécom (IMT), France 8.60 5.17 86 -38.3%
422 Budapest University of Technology and Economics (BME), Hungary 10.38 5.13 25 -49.3%
423 University of Messina (UNIME), Italy 5.22 5.11 25 0.4%
424 University of Hohenheim, Germany 4.98 5.09 12 4.8%
425 University of Poitiers, France 4.57 5.07 25 13.8%
426 University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna (BOKU), Austria 11.48 5.06 26 -54.8%
427 Bureau de Recherches Geologiques et Minieres (BRGM), France 2.48 5.02 29 107.6%
428 Pablo de Olavide University (UPO), Spain 6.25 5.02 27 -17.7%
429 Norwegian University of Life Sciences (NMBU), Norway 2.73 5.01 32 87.7%
430 Istituto Nazionale di Ricerca Metrologica (INRIM), Italy 2.16 5.00 16 137.5%
431 Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies (DIAS), Ireland 3.59 4.95 22 41.2%
432 Cranfield University, United Kingdom (UK) 4.28 4.93 21 18.1%
433 NERC National Centre for Atmospheric Science (NCAS), United Kingdom (UK) 6.95 4.84 39 -28.6%
434 Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine (LSTM), United Kingdom (UK) 2.44 4.83 15 103.3%
435 University of Kent, United Kingdom (UK) 5.04 4.82 30 -1.9%
436 Institut d'Optique Graduate School (IOGS), France 4.78 4.82 43 3.4%
437 Semmelweis University (SE), Hungary 4.20 4.82 21 17.6%
438 University of Cantabria (UC), Spain 4.94 4.79 78 -0.4%
439 University of Gdańsk (UG), Poland 5.05 4.79 18 -2.7%
440 European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF), United Kingdom (UK) 4.16 4.79 14 18.1%
441 University of Eastern Piedmont "Amedeo Avogadro" (UNIPMN), Italy 4.51 4.78 97 8.7%
442 Wetsus Centre of Excellence for Sustainable Water Technology, Netherlands 2.88 4.78 19 70.1%
443 École Normale Supérieure Paris-Saclay (ENS Paris-Saclay), France 3.34 4.74 48 45.3%
444 University of Kassel, Germany 8.56 4.70 18 -43.6%
445 Royal Dutch Shell plc (Shell), Netherlands 5.89 4.69 19 -18.5%
446 University of Limoges (ULIM), France 2.12 4.65 20 124.3%
447 University of Cordoba (UCO), Spain 3.67 4.64 15 29.9%
448 European Magnetic Field Laboratory (EMFL), Germany 1.53 4.63 35 211.4%
449 Institute Gustave-Roussy (IGR), France 6.17 4.61 58 -23.3%
450 Russian Quantum Center (RQC), Russia 3.20 4.61 23 47.8%
451 University of Essex, United Kingdom (UK) 3.97 4.60 18 19.0%
452 École Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Rennes (ENSCR), France 8.35 4.59 49 -43.6%
453 University of Applied Sciences and Arts Northwestern Switzerland (FHNW), Switzerland 4.25 4.58 10 10.4%
454 University of Extremadura (UEx), Spain 0.54 4.54 12 764.9%
455 Catalan Institute for Water Research (ICRA), Spain 5.63 4.53 15 -17.5%
456 National Institute of Chemical Physics and Biophysics (NICPB), Estonia 3.77 4.53 75 23.3%
457 Catholic University of the Sacred Heart (UCSC), Italy 3.37 4.49 20 36.9%
458 European Theoretical Spectroscopy Facility (ETSF), Belgium 3.63 4.43 22 25.2%
459 Keele University, United Kingdom (UK) 5.17 4.42 16 -12.4%
460 NHS Lothian, United Kingdom (UK) 3.40 4.41 77 33.1%
461 Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST), Luxembourg 2.80 4.38 16 60.2%
462 University of Rouen, France 4.70 4.37 35 -4.5%
463 Novo Nordisk A/S, Denmark 3.64 4.36 12 22.9%
464 University of Brescia (UNIBS), Italy 4.66 4.36 31 -4.1%
465 University of Lincoln, United Kingdom (UK) 0.67 4.35 17 566.8%
466 Warsaw University of Technology (WUT), Poland 9.52 4.28 69 -53.9%
467 University of Western Brittany (UBO), France 3.98 4.25 50 9.7%
468 Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute (KNMI), Netherlands 2.61 4.25 19 67.1%
469 National Institute of Chemistry, Slovenia, Slovenia 3.96 4.23 15 9.5%
470 Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute (SMHI), Sweden 4.36 4.22 36 -0.8%
471 Merck KGaA, Germany 5.29 4.17 21 -19.1%
472 Dublin City University (DCU), Ireland 7.59 4.15 21 -43.9%
473 Caen University (UNICAEN), France 5.02 4.14 44 -15.6%
474 University of Haute-Alsace (UHA), France 4.06 4.12 61 4.0%
475 Institute of Molecular Medicine (IMM), Portugal 3.17 4.12 24 33.2%
476 University of Siena (UNISI), Italy 6.03 4.12 75 -29.9%
477 University of Verona (UNIVR), Italy 6.79 4.06 33 -38.7%
478 The James Hutton Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 1.19 4.05 17 249.1%
479 Sheffield Hallam University (SHU), United Kingdom (UK) 1.97 4.04 7 110.9%
480 University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna (VUM), Austria 7.11 4.04 20 -41.7%
481 Lobachevsky State University of Nizhni Novgorod (UNN), Russia 5.40 4.01 20 -23.7%
482 Eastern Mediterranean University (EMU), Cyprus 6.00 4.00 4 -31.6%
483 European Space Agency (ESA), France 7.78 4.00 37 -47.3%
484 Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 3.51 3.99 81 16.4%
485 Italy Ministry of Health, Italy 2.72 3.95 48 49.1%
486 Università della Svizzera Italiana (USI), Switzerland 7.25 3.95 23 -44.1%
487 Sanofi, France 10.91 3.94 24 -62.9%
488 Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland (GEUS), Denmark 5.85 3.94 15 -31.0%
489 University of Cádiz (UCA), Spain 4.92 3.93 12 -18.1%
490 University of Huelva (UHU), Spain 3.68 3.92 11 9.3%
491 University of Central Lancashire (UCLan), United Kingdom (UK) 3.07 3.88 12 29.5%
492 Royal Veterinary College, University of London (RVC), United Kingdom (UK) 1.09 3.87 11 262.9%
493 University of Alicante (UA), Spain 9.63 3.82 30 -59.3%
494 University of Málaga (UMA), Spain 6.81 3.82 24 -42.4%
495 Norwegian Institute for Water Research (NIVA), Norway 2.50 3.78 23 55.2%
496 International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Austria 2.15 3.76 15 79.1%
497 Ireland Department of Jobs, Enterprise and Innovation (DJEI), Ireland 2.12 3.73 17 80.6%
498 Tallinn University of Technology (TUT), Estonia 3.37 3.72 13 13.1%
499 Royal Observatory of Belgium (ROB), Belgium 2.15 3.68 14 75.2%
500 University of South Bohemia, Czech Republic 3.23 3.66 17 16.3%

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.