2017 tables: Institutions

The 2017 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2016 to 31 December 2016.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2015 Share 2016 Count 2016 Change in Adjusted Share 2015-2016*
1 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 438.28 466.85 1,248 9.3%
2 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 432.89 438.52 1,277 3.9%
3 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 222.99 216.15 792 -0.6%
4 UCL, United Kingdom (UK) 224.31 203.08 767 -7.1%
5 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 167.65 156.60 553 -4.2%
6 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 144.36 136.19 554 -3.2%
7 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 131.35 119.03 418 -7.1%
8 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 74.98 92.63 262 26.7%
9 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 93.16 90.76 325 -0.1%
10 The University of Warwick (Warwick), United Kingdom (UK) 78.83 81.09 317 5.5%
11 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 94.79 76.15 342 -17.6%
12 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 90.44 73.34 260 -16.8%
13 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 72.05 71.45 388 1.7%
14 University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 55.10 69.22 347 28.8%
15 The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom (UK) 79.11 68.35 288 -11.4%
16 The University of Nottingham (UoN), United Kingdom (UK) 69.11 66.84 184 -0.8%
17 Medical Research Council (MRC), United Kingdom (UK) 57.98 55.07 215 -2.6%
18 University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 60.63 54.34 211 -8.1%
19 University of Birmingham (UB), United Kingdom (UK) 51.12 49.62 305 -0.5%
20 Cardiff University, United Kingdom (UK) 37.54 48.44 192 32.4%
21 The Francis Crick Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 54.75 44.79 122 -16.1%
22 Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), United Kingdom (UK) 49.16 44.58 262 -7.0%
23 University of York, United Kingdom (UK) 49.81 44.13 148 -9.1%
24 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 52.77 43.64 159 -15.2%
25 Newcastle University, United Kingdom (UK) 40.33 39.64 179 0.8%
26 University of Bath, United Kingdom (UK) 44.99 35.94 100 -18.1%
27 University of Dundee, United Kingdom (UK) 22.00 31.38 95 46.3%
28 AstraZeneca plc, United Kingdom (UK) 24.04 31.19 112 33.1%
29 University of Sussex, United Kingdom (UK) 33.19 30.58 171 -5.5%
30 Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), United Kingdom (UK) 32.72 30.56 426 -4.2%
31 University of Strathclyde, United Kingdom (UK) 32.09 27.44 107 -12.3%
32 Wellcome Sanger Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 30.49 25.89 165 -12.9%
33 Queen's University Belfast (QUB), United Kingdom (UK) 37.15 25.70 84 -29.0%
34 University of Leicester, United Kingdom (UK) 29.84 24.40 99 -16.1%
35 University of Reading, United Kingdom (UK) 29.41 23.86 95 -16.8%
36 John Innes Centre (JIC), United Kingdom (UK) 16.87 22.44 50 36.4%
37 Heriot-Watt University, United Kingdom (UK) 21.47 22.15 67 5.8%
38 Lancaster University, United Kingdom (UK) 24.86 21.77 177 -10.2%
39 Swansea University, United Kingdom (UK) 17.43 19.68 52 15.8%
40 University of East Anglia (UEA), United Kingdom (UK) 24.92 18.20 82 -25.1%
41 University of Aberdeen, United Kingdom (UK) 21.15 15.99 82 -22.4%
42 GlaxoSmithKline plc. (GSK), United Kingdom (UK) 26.58 15.72 67 -39.3%
43 Met Office, United Kingdom (UK) 15.79 15.46 43 0.5%
44 The Institute of Cancer Research (ICR), United Kingdom (UK) 15.65 15.46 59 1.3%
45 NERC British Antarctic Survey (BAS), United Kingdom (UK) 9.40 14.47 40 57.9%
46 NERC National Oceanography Centre (NOC), United Kingdom (UK) 15.04 12.33 58 -15.9%
47 The Open University (OU), United Kingdom (UK) 8.52 12.13 45 46.1%
48 University of Surrey, United Kingdom (UK) 14.91 11.52 49 -20.7%
49 Natural History Museum, United Kingdom (UK) 8.87 11.51 50 33.0%
50 University of London - Royal Holloway (RHUL), United Kingdom (UK) 15.24 11.21 119 -24.6%
51 Babraham Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 7.27 10.87 31 53.3%
52 National Physical Laboratory (NPL), United Kingdom (UK) 6.44 10.40 43 65.6%
53 Cancer Research UK (CRUK), United Kingdom (UK) 8.13 9.98 94 25.8%
54 University of Hull, United Kingdom (UK) 6.59 9.57 42 48.9%
55 Birkbeck, University of London (BBK), United Kingdom (UK) 11.28 9.26 50 -15.8%
56 NERC Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (CEH), United Kingdom (UK) 6.11 8.73 31 46.5%
57 University of Portsmouth, United Kingdom (UK) 6.83 8.63 33 29.5%
58 British Geological Survey (BGS), United Kingdom (UK) 8.34 8.36 33 2.7%
59 University of Plymouth, United Kingdom (UK) 7.98 8.24 37 5.8%
60 Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust (OUH), United Kingdom (UK) 5.79 8.07 84 42.9%
61 Loughborough University, United Kingdom (UK) 9.03 7.93 35 -9.9%
62 Bangor University, United Kingdom (UK) 7.78 7.51 27 -0.9%
63 London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM), United Kingdom (UK) 9.13 7.09 44 -20.4%
64 Liverpool John Moores University (LJMU), United Kingdom (UK) 4.72 5.29 26 14.9%
65 Cranfield University, United Kingdom (UK) 4.28 4.93 21 18.1%
66 NERC National Centre for Atmospheric Science (NCAS), United Kingdom (UK) 6.95 4.84 39 -28.6%
67 Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine (LSTM), United Kingdom (UK) 2.44 4.83 15 103.3%
68 University of Kent, United Kingdom (UK) 5.04 4.82 30 -1.9%
69 European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF), United Kingdom (UK) 4.16 4.79 14 18.1%
70 University of Essex, United Kingdom (UK) 3.97 4.60 18 19.0%
71 Keele University, United Kingdom (UK) 5.17 4.42 16 -12.4%
72 NHS Lothian, United Kingdom (UK) 3.40 4.41 77 33.1%
73 University of Lincoln, United Kingdom (UK) 0.67 4.35 17 566.8%
74 The James Hutton Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 1.19 4.05 17 249.1%
75 Sheffield Hallam University (SHU), United Kingdom (UK) 1.97 4.04 7 110.9%
76 Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 3.51 3.99 81 16.4%
77 University of Central Lancashire (UCLan), United Kingdom (UK) 3.07 3.88 12 29.5%
78 Royal Veterinary College, University of London (RVC), United Kingdom (UK) 1.09 3.87 11 262.9%
79 Northumbria University, United Kingdom (UK) 4.23 3.66 15 -11.2%
80 Zoological Society of London (ZSL), United Kingdom (UK) 1.40 3.40 8 149.8%
81 University of Huddersfield, United Kingdom (UK) 3.15 3.38 7 10.2%
82 NERC National Centre for Earth Observation (NCEO), United Kingdom (UK) 2.92 3.32 41 16.7%
83 Nottingham Trent University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.18 3.25 12 1,794.8%
84 Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 2.34 3.24 39 41.9%
85 United Kingdom Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra), United Kingdom (UK) 2.13 2.90 17 39.3%
86 Rothamsted Research, United Kingdom (UK) 4.74 2.86 16 -38.0%
87 Aston University, United Kingdom (UK) 3.91 2.85 15 -25.2%
88 Anglo American plc, United Kingdom (UK) 3.30 2.71 12 -15.9%
89 UK Atomic Energy Authority (UKAEA), United Kingdom (UK) 1.39 2.60 12 91.8%
90 Aberystwyth University, United Kingdom (UK) 3.48 2.58 12 -24.0%
91 University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust (UCLH), United Kingdom (UK) 1.07 2.40 21 130.3%
92 University of Ulster (UU), United Kingdom (UK) 3.23 2.39 8 -23.9%
93 Manchester Metropolitan University (MMU), United Kingdom (UK) 2.06 2.35 10 17.3%
94 Marine Biological Association of the UK, United Kingdom (UK) 0.91 2.31 9 160.6%
95 University of Stirling, United Kingdom (UK) 1.11 2.27 14 109.2%
96 University of the West of Scotland (UWS), United Kingdom (UK) 0.07 2.20 23 2,965.0%
97 University of Bradford, United Kingdom (UK) 0.57 2.11 10 282.5%
98 University of Hertfordshire (UH), United Kingdom (UK) 3.18 2.11 13 -31.9%
99 University of South Wales, United Kingdom (UK) 1.17 2.10 3 84.6%
100 London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE), United Kingdom (UK) 0.44 2.05 8 378.5%
101 Johnson Matthey (JM), United Kingdom (UK) 2.99 2.02 6 -30.6%
102 Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust (NUH), United Kingdom (UK) 1.14 2.01 21 81.2%
103 Unilever, United Kingdom (UK) 1.01 1.86 14 88.6%
104 GlaxoSmithKline R&D Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 1.20 1.85 9 58.4%
105 City, University of London (CUL), United Kingdom (UK) 2.12 1.83 6 -11.3%
106 Plymouth Marine Laboratory (PML), United Kingdom (UK) 2.17 1.69 9 -20.3%
107 University of Brighton, United Kingdom (UK) 1.10 1.69 15 56.9%
108 Anglia Ruskin University, United Kingdom (UK) 1.78 1.63 40 -6.4%
109 Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 2.16 1.57 24 -25.8%
110 Manchester University NHS Foundation Trust (MFT), United Kingdom (UK) 1.46 1.52 50 6.8%
111 The Gatsby Charitable Foundation (Gatsby), United Kingdom (UK) 1.20 1.49 13 27.8%
112 Oxford Brookes University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.87 1.40 5 65.1%
113 Natural Environment Research Council (NERC), United Kingdom (UK) 0.46 1.39 45 208.7%
114 Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 1.99 1.30 26 -33.0%
115 St George's, University of London (SGUL), United Kingdom (UK) 1.99 1.29 17 -33.7%
116 British Trust for Ornithology (BTO), United Kingdom (UK) 0.27 1.28 4 381.5%
117 Plan International, United Kingdom (UK) 1.27 2 N/A
118 NHS Blood and Transplant (NHSBT), United Kingdom (UK) 0.24 1.24 19 434.5%
119 Coventry University, United Kingdom (UK) 3.03 1.23 8 -58.4%
120 University of Greenwich, United Kingdom (UK) 0.71 1.21 5 75.1%
121 The Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 1.74 1.20 19 -28.9%
122 Public Health England (PHE), United Kingdom (UK) 1.21 1.17 18 -1.0%
123 BP plc, United Kingdom (UK) 3.09 1.16 11 -61.6%
124 LGC Limited, United Kingdom (UK) 1.42 1.09 3 -21.1%
125 EPSRC National Crystallography Service (NCS), United Kingdom (UK) 1.08 4 N/A
126 Teesside University, United Kingdom (UK) 1.03 2 N/A
127 Defence Science and Technology Laboratory (DSTL), United Kingdom (UK) 2.95 1.01 6 -64.8%
128 Earlham Institute (EI), United Kingdom (UK) 0.19 1.01 5 444.4%
129 Brunel University London, United Kingdom (UK) 3.53 0.98 59 -71.5%
130 Bermuda Institute of Ocean Sciences (BIOS), United Kingdom (UK) 0.81 0.95 5 20.1%
131 The Christie NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.45 0.89 32 102.3%
132 Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, United Kingdom (UK) 0.75 0.89 7 22.3%
133 Scotland's Rural College (SRUC), United Kingdom (UK) 0.86 3 N/A
134 Rio Tinto plc, United Kingdom (UK) 0.05 0.85 9 1,645.6%
135 Wessex Water Services Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.33 0.83 2 156.4%
136 University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust (UHB), United Kingdom (UK) 0.31 0.81 16 170.9%
137 Birmingham Women's and Children's NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.77 0.78 19 4.5%
138 Quadram Institute Bioscience, United Kingdom (UK) 1.76 0.77 6 -54.8%
139 Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA), United Kingdom (UK) 0.25 0.76 3 211.7%
140 University of East London (UEL), United Kingdom (UK) 0.17 0.75 1 361.6%
141 Vernalis plc, United Kingdom (UK) 0.74 2 N/A
142 Scottish Association for Marine Science (SAMS), United Kingdom (UK) 2.14 0.73 5 -64.9%
143 King's College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.99 0.72 11 -25.2%
144 Cambridge Crystallographic Data Centre (CCDC), United Kingdom (UK) 0.70 1 N/A
145 Kingston University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.70 3 N/A
146 GEO Specialty Chemicals, Inc., United Kingdom (UK) 0.69 2 N/A
147 BirdLife International, United Kingdom (UK) 0.48 0.68 7 46.8%
148 Stallergenes Greer plc., United Kingdom (UK) 0.67 1 N/A
149 F2G Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.64 1 N/A
150 Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust (LTHT), United Kingdom (UK) 0.90 0.63 19 -27.8%
151 The Pirbright Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 1.74 0.62 3 -63.3%
152 NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde (NHSGGC), United Kingdom (UK) 0.64 0.59 13 -5.5%
153 BAE Systems, United Kingdom (UK) 0.21 0.59 3 181.9%
154 Capita plc, United Kingdom (UK) 0.13 0.58 4 379.5%
155 Vivid Economics, United Kingdom (UK) 0.58 1 N/A
156 Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.37 0.58 7 59.5%
157 Cambridgeshire and Peterborough NHS Foundation Trust (CPFT), United Kingdom (UK) 0.53 0.58 6 12.3%
158 MRC Technology, United Kingdom (UK) 0.57 0.57 1 2.6%
159 Bournemouth University (BU), United Kingdom (UK) 0.10 0.54 4 456.2%
160 Moorfields Eye Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.26 0.53 10 106.9%
161 De Montfort University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.20 0.53 3 173.5%
161 Dŵr Cymru Welsh Water (DCWW), United Kingdom (UK) 0.53 2 N/A
162 Oxford Instruments, United Kingdom (UK) 1.67 0.53 4 -67.4%
163 Salford Royal NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.41 0.52 33 29.4%
164 University of Salford, United Kingdom (UK) 0.82 0.52 6 -35.0%
165 National Museums Scotland, United Kingdom (UK) 0.05 0.52 2 1,065.9%
166 Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency (MHRA), United Kingdom (UK) 0.15 0.50 12 253.5%
167 Severn Trent Water Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.14 0.50 2 259.0%
167 University of the West of England (UWE), United Kingdom (UK) 0.50 0.50 2 2.6%
168 Salford Clinical Commissioning Group (CCG), United Kingdom (UK) 0.40 0.49 30 25.9%
168 Manchester Mental Health and Social Care Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.40 0.49 30 25.9%
169 Oxford Photovoltaics Limited (Oxford PV), United Kingdom (UK) 0.49 3 N/A
170 Abertay University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.72 0.47 12 -32.2%
171 Sir Alister Hardy Foundation for Ocean Science (SAHFOS), United Kingdom (UK) 0.30 0.47 4 62.0%
172 University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust (UHL), United Kingdom (UK) 0.58 0.47 17 -17.4%
173 The Royal Bournemouth and Christchurch Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust (RBCH), United Kingdom (UK) 0.11 0.47 4 338.8%
174 Barts Health NHS Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.24 0.46 11 97.6%
175 South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust (SLaM), United Kingdom (UK) 0.20 0.45 11 133.9%
176 IQE plc, United Kingdom (UK) 0.20 0.44 1 127.9%
177 rdscientific, United Kingdom (UK) 0.43 3 N/A
178 Oxford Nanopore Technologies Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.20 0.43 2 121.0%
179 Gibraltar Ornithological & Natural History Society (GONHS), United Kingdom (UK) 0.43 1 N/A
180 Thames Water Utilities Limited, United Kingdom (UK) 0.20 0.40 2 105.1%
181 Royal Brompton and Harefield NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.48 0.40 10 -15.3%
182 Papworth Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.03 0.39 7 1,168.2%
183 Canterbury Christ Church University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.04 0.39 2 930.4%
184 Oxford Archaeology Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.38 1 N/A
185 National Nuclear Laboratory (NNL), United Kingdom (UK) 0.34 0.38 2 12.9%
185 Royal Society Of Chemistry (RSC), United Kingdom (UK) 0.38 1 N/A
185 kMatrix Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.38 1 N/A
186 University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 1.85 0.36 17 -79.9%
187 Ludger Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.12 0.36 2 211.0%
188 Royal Devon and Exeter NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.44 0.36 9 -16.4%
189 National Institute of Agricultural Botany (NIAB), United Kingdom (UK) 0.08 0.35 2 330.8%
190 Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital NHS Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.03 0.35 2 1,262.9%
191 GlaxoSmithKline Harlow, United Kingdom (UK) 0.10 0.34 2 253.4%
192 St George's University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.40 0.34 8 -12.9%
193 International Centre for Life (ICFL), United Kingdom (UK) 0.25 0.34 4 37.9%
194 Molecular Warehouse Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.14 0.33 1 139.3%
194 National Cyber Security Centre (NCSC), United Kingdom (UK) 0.33 1 N/A
194 Glasgow Caledonian University (GCU), United Kingdom (UK) 0.33 1 N/A
194 Phytatec (UK ) Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.33 1 N/A
194 Sporomex Limited, United Kingdom (UK) 0.33 1 N/A
194 JD Geoconsultancy Limited, United Kingdom (UK) 0.33 1 N/A
195 The Newcastle Upon Tyne Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust (NUTH), United Kingdom (UK) 0.93 0.33 8 -63.3%
196 Brighton and Sussex University Hospitals NHS Trust (BSUH), United Kingdom (UK) 0.05 0.33 8 613.4%
197 University of Chester, United Kingdom (UK) 0.37 0.33 2 -9.1%
198 University of Roehampton, United Kingdom (UK) 0.32 2 N/A
198 Institute for Animal Health (IAH), United Kingdom (UK) 0.32 1 N/A
199 Scancell Holdings PLC, United Kingdom (UK) 0.32 1 N/A
200 Moredun Foundation, United Kingdom (UK) 0.64 0.32 3 -48.8%
201 Environment Agency, United Kingdom (UK) 0.17 0.32 2 95.5%
202 Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB), United Kingdom (UK) 0.66 0.32 4 -50.6%
203 NHS Tayside, United Kingdom (UK) 0.52 0.31 11 -39.3%
204 Sussex Partnership NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.00 0.30 7 12,956.8%
205 Kore Technology Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.30 1 N/A
206 University Hospitals Bristol NHS Foundation Trust (UHBristol), United Kingdom (UK) 0.30 0.30 8 2.6%
207 British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy (BSAC), United Kingdom (UK) 0.30 3 N/A
208 York Archaeological Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.30 2 N/A
209 NERC Life Sciences Mass Spectrometry Facility (LSMSF), United Kingdom (UK) 0.29 2 N/A
210 WS Atkins plc, United Kingdom (UK) 0.05 0.29 6 518.0%
210 Rolls-Royce plc, United Kingdom (UK) 0.16 0.29 6 86.1%
211 Scottish Water, United Kingdom (UK) 0.18 0.29 1 61.2%
211 Robert Gordon University (RGU), United Kingdom (UK) 0.29 1 N/A
212 Scottish Environment Protection Agency (SEPA), United Kingdom (UK) 0.05 0.27 1 515.4%
213 Montserrat Volcano Observatory (MVO), United Kingdom (UK) 0.21 0.25 1 22.6%
213 Randgold Resources Limited, United Kingdom (UK) 0.25 1 N/A
213 Ricardo Energy and Environment, United Kingdom (UK) 0.25 1 N/A
213 Formby, United Kingdom (UK) 0.25 1 N/A
213 Photek Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.25 1 N/A
213 Polar Scientific Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.25 1 N/A
213 University of Wolverhampton, United Kingdom (UK) 0.25 1 N/A
214 London North West Healthcare NHS Trust (LNWH), United Kingdom (UK) 0.37 0.25 13 -31.6%
215 QinetiQ Group plc, United Kingdom (UK) 0.25 0.24 2 -2.3%
216 Square Kilometre Array (SKA Organisation), United Kingdom (UK) 0.03 0.23 7 766.6%
217 Experimental Cancer Medicine Centre (ECMC) Network, United Kingdom (UK) 0.14 0.23 11 62.4%
218 Horizon Discovery Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 1.05 0.20 2 -80.3%
219 York Teaching Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.01 0.20 1 3,052.4%
219 Pharmidex, United Kingdom (UK) 0.04 0.20 1 371.8%
219 Biomathematics and Statistics Scotland (BioSS), United Kingdom (UK) 0.22 0.20 1 -7.5%
219 Malvern Instruments Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 1.48 0.20 1 -86.1%
219 Hydro International Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.20 1 N/A
219 Southern Water Services Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.20 1 N/A
219 Herpetofauna Consultants International (HCI), United Kingdom (UK) 0.20 1 N/A
219 Marine Resources Division, Department of Environmental Protection, United Kingdom (UK) 0.20 1 N/A
219 Badrilla Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.20 1 N/A
219 Cairn Energy PLC, United Kingdom (UK) 0.20 1 N/A
219 Ikon Science, United Kingdom (UK) 0.20 1 N/A
220 Armagh Observatory, United Kingdom (UK) 1.98 0.20 2 -89.8%
221 United Kingdom Ministry of Defence (MoD), United Kingdom (UK) 0.01 0.20 2 1,431.2%
222 Belfast Health and Social Care Trust (BHSCT), United Kingdom (UK) 0.06 0.19 6 231.3%
223 Fluidic Analytics, Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.19 3 N/A
224 pSiMedica Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.19 1 N/A
225 Kymab Limited, United Kingdom (UK) 0.18 1 N/A
226 North Bristol NHS Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.01 0.18 6 1,555.0%
227 Cambridge Display Technology Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 1.22 0.18 1 -84.7%
227 Synome Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.18 1 N/A
228 Agri-Food and Biosciences Institute (AFBI), United Kingdom (UK) 0.11 0.17 1 53.9%
228 Natural Resources Wales, United Kingdom (UK) 0.17 1 N/A
228 Historic England, United Kingdom (UK) 0.17 1 N/A
229 University of London - Goldsmiths, United Kingdom (UK) 0.20 0.16 2 -18.8%
230 Midland Valley Exploration Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.15 2 N/A
230 London Institute for Mathematical Sciences (LIMS), United Kingdom (UK) 0.15 2 N/A
231 Motac Neuroscience Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.11 0.14 2 32.3%
232 The Henry Stewart Group, United Kingdom (UK) 0.29 0.14 1 -49.4%
232 ARUP, United Kingdom (UK) 0.14 1 N/A
232 SSBN Limited, United Kingdom (UK) 0.14 1 N/A
232 F1000Research, United Kingdom (UK) 0.14 1 N/A
232 Spalding Associates (Environmental) Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.14 1 N/A
232 CARE Fertility, United Kingdom (UK) 0.14 1 N/A
233 British Ministry of Defence, United Kingdom (UK) 0.14 2 N/A
234 Immunocore Limited, United Kingdom (UK) 0.14 1 N/A
235 BioPharmaSpec Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.14 2 N/A
236 Selcia Limited, United Kingdom (UK) 0.14 0.13 1 -4.3%
237 Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (RBGE), United Kingdom (UK) 0.12 0.13 3 9.4%
238 FlexEnable Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.13 1 N/A
238 Palaeocreations, United Kingdom (UK) 0.13 1 N/A
238 Sellafield Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.13 1 N/A
238 Manchester Nanomaterials Limited, United Kingdom (UK) 0.13 1 N/A
238 NQuiX Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.13 1 N/A
238 Scicate Limited, United Kingdom (UK) 0.13 1 N/A
238 Yorkshire Water Services Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.13 1 N/A
239 Animal Health Trust (AHT), United Kingdom (UK) 0.38 0.12 2 -66.5%
240 University of Buckingham, United Kingdom (UK) 0.17 0.11 1 -31.6%
240 Getech, United Kingdom (UK) 0.11 1 N/A
240 Octimet Oncology Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.11 1 N/A
240 UK Sport, United Kingdom (UK) 0.11 1 N/A
240 Multivalent Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.11 1 N/A
240 Edinburgh Napier University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.11 1 N/A
240 Bradford Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.00 0.11 1 2,527.0%
240 Eton College, United Kingdom (UK) 0.11 1 N/A
241 Isaac Newton Institute for Mathematical Sciences (INI), United Kingdom (UK) 0.10 1 N/A
242 Royal Liverpool and Broadgreen University Hospitals NHS Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.01 0.10 4 872.3%
243 The Beckley Foundation, United Kingdom (UK) 0.10 2 N/A
244 Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.09 0.10 4 14.7%
245 International Growth Centre (IGC), United Kingdom (UK) 0.10 1 N/A
245 The Perse School Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 0.10 1 N/A
245 Isoprime Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.10 1 N/A
245 Overseas Development Institute (ODI), United Kingdom (UK) 0.10 1 N/A
245 Hiden Isochema, United Kingdom (UK) 0.10 1 N/A
245 Palynova, United Kingdom (UK) 0.10 1 N/A
245 Crescendo Biologics Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.10 1 N/A
245 Climate Outreach, United Kingdom (UK) 0.10 1 N/A
245 PraxisUnico, United Kingdom (UK) 0.10 1 N/A
246 Sheffield Children's NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.24 0.10 6 -58.1%
247 Royal Surrey County Hospital NHS Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.02 0.10 3 440.0%
248 Envigo, United Kingdom (UK) 0.09 1 N/A
248 Albumedix Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.09 1 N/A
249 Blackpool Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust (BTH), United Kingdom (UK) 0.01 0.09 2 546.0%
250 Salisbury NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.28 0.09 4 -66.8%
251 Norfolk and Norwich University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.15 0.08 3 -41.7%
252 Oxford Gene Technology, United Kingdom (UK) 0.04 0.08 2 127.0%
253 Canterbury Archaeological Trust Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.08 1 N/A
254 Plymouth Hospitals NHS Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.06 0.08 2 26.6%
255 Noctilucent Cloud Observing Network, United Kingdom (UK) 0.08 0.07 1 -4.8%
255 MOF Technologies Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.25 0.07 1 -70.7%
255 Cresset Biomolecular Discovery, United Kingdom (UK) 0.07 1 N/A
255 Harper Adams University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.07 1 N/A
255 United Utilities Group PLC, United Kingdom (UK) 0.07 1 N/A
255 GeoScience Limited, United Kingdom (UK) 0.07 1 N/A
256 Royal Berkshire NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.01 0.07 4 1,012.3%
257 NHS Wales, United Kingdom (UK) 0.05 0.07 2 27.3%
258 Isomerase Therapeutics Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.10 0.07 1 -31.6%
258 Mitopharm Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.07 1 N/A
258 Middlesex University (MU), United Kingdom (UK) 0.07 1 N/A
259 Hull University Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.00 0.06 1 1,377.7%
259 Kongsberg Maritime Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.06 1 N/A
259 Avon and Wiltshire Mental Health Partnership NHS Trust (AWP), United Kingdom (UK) 0.06 1 N/A
259 Randox Laboratories Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.06 1 N/A
259 JBA Group Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.06 1 N/A
260 Heart of England NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.05 0.06 2 20.3%
261 Cancer Research Technology Ltd. (CRT), United Kingdom (UK) 1.00 0.06 1 -94.0%
261 Cyprotex Discovery Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.06 1 N/A
261 Natural England, United Kingdom (UK) 0.17 0.06 1 -63.8%
261 Broads Authority, United Kingdom (UK) 0.06 1 N/A
262 The Wildlife Veterinary Investigation Centre, United Kingdom (UK) 0.06 1 N/A
262 SLR Consulting Limited, United Kingdom (UK) 0.06 1 N/A
262 Transport for London, United Kingdom (UK) 0.06 1 N/A
262 Global Phasing Limited, United Kingdom (UK) 0.57 0.06 1 -90.0%
262 Autifony Therapeutics Limited Company, United Kingdom (UK) 0.06 1 N/A
263 National Museums Northern Ireland (NMNI), United Kingdom (UK) 0.05 1 N/A
264 Korrigan Sciences Limited, United Kingdom (UK) 0.08 0.05 1 -29.8%
265 Isca Diagnostics, United Kingdom (UK) 0.05 1 N/A
265 Silence Therapeutics, United Kingdom (UK) 0.05 1 N/A
265 Cambridge Epigenetix (CEGX), United Kingdom (UK) 0.05 1 N/A
266 Genomics England Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.05 3 N/A
267 Gloucestershire Hospitals NHS Trust (GHNHSFT), United Kingdom (UK) 0.02 0.05 2 149.5%
268 DougalEARTH Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.05 1 N/A
268 City of York Council, United Kingdom (UK) 0.05 1 N/A
268 York Osteoarchaeology Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.05 1 N/A
268 ADAS UK Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.05 1 N/A
269 Bio Nano Consulting, United Kingdom (UK) 0.10 0.05 1 -53.4%
269 Queen Margaret University (QMU), United Kingdom (UK) 0.05 1 N/A
270 Alder Hey Children's NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.08 0.04 3 -47.2%
271 University of Sunderland, United Kingdom (UK) 0.10 0.04 1 -57.3%
271 Flamingo Land Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.04 2 N/A
272 Forest Research, United Kingdom (UK) 0.02 0.04 2 68.8%
273 Alzheimer's Society, United Kingdom (UK) 0.01 0.04 1 203.3%
273 Personal Social Services Research Unit (PSSRU), United Kingdom (UK) 0.04 1 N/A
274 Chelsea and Westminster Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.02 0.04 3 148.3%
275 The Hepatitis C Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.04 1 N/A
276 NHS Scotland, United Kingdom (UK) 0.01 0.04 6 304.1%
277 Heygates Limited, United Kingdom (UK) 0.03 1 N/A
278 Earth Trust Centre, United Kingdom (UK) 0.03 1 N/A
278 Writtle University College, United Kingdom (UK) 0.03 1 N/A
278 Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS), United Kingdom (UK) 0.03 1 N/A
278 Greater Manchester West Mental Health NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.03 1 N/A
278 Falklands Conservation, United Kingdom (UK) 0.03 1 N/A
279 Butterfly Conservation, United Kingdom (UK) 0.17 0.03 1 -80.1%
279 People's Trust for Endangered Species (PTES), United Kingdom (UK) 0.03 1 N/A
279 Freshwater Biological Association (FBA), United Kingdom (UK) 0.03 1 N/A
279 Futtie Park, United Kingdom (UK) 0.03 1 N/A
279 The Woodland Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.03 1 N/A
280 Maidstone and Tunbridge Wells NHS Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.00 0.03 1 638.8%
280 The Harley Street Clinic, United Kingdom (UK) 0.03 1 N/A
281 Frimley Health NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.01 0.03 2 130.8%
281 South Devon Healthcare NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.01 0.03 2 370.8%
282 Great Western Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.00 0.03 1 616.4%
283 Public Health Wales, United Kingdom (UK) 0.03 2 N/A
284 Inivata, United Kingdom (UK) 0.03 1 N/A
285 Liverpool Women's NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.58 0.03 2 -94.9%
286 TPP UK, United Kingdom (UK) 0.03 1 N/A
286 Molecular Sense Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.03 1 N/A
287 The Walton Centre NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.03 2 N/A
288 Sussex Community NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.03 1 N/A
288 University of Northampton, United Kingdom (UK) 0.03 1 N/A
289 Ipswich Hospital NHS Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.01 0.03 2 323.4%
290 Oxford Health NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.44 0.03 1 -93.8%
291 University Hospitals Coventry and Warwickshire NHS Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.07 0.03 2 -60.0%
292 Blue Ventures Conservation, United Kingdom (UK) 0.03 1 N/A
293 Cellular Therapeutics Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.03 1 N/A
294 Extreme Experimental Environmental Laboratory, Aberystwyth University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.02 1 N/A
294 School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London (SOAS), United Kingdom (UK) 0.08 0.02 1 -70.7%
294 St Bartholomew’s Hospital, United Kingdom (UK) 0.02 1 N/A
294 Centre for Social and Economic Research on the Global Environment (CSERGE), United Kingdom (UK) 0.02 1 N/A
295 South Tees Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.00 0.02 1 431.3%
295 University Hospitals of North Midlands NHS Trust (UHNM NHS Trust), United Kingdom (UK) 0.03 0.02 2 -22.4%
296 HR Wallingford Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.02 0.02 1 -4.3%
297 Institute for Research in Schools (IRIS), United Kingdom (UK) 0.02 1 N/A
298 Lab-Tools Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.02 1 N/A
298 Cambridge Cell Networks Ltd (CCNet Ltd), United Kingdom (UK) 0.02 1 N/A
299 First Light Fusion Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.02 1 N/A
299 Nottinghamshire Healthcare NHS Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.02 1 N/A
300 British Astronomical Association Variable Star Section (BAAVSS), United Kingdom (UK) 0.02 2 N/A
301 Oncimmune Limited, United Kingdom (UK) 0.02 1 N/A
302 Hertfordshire Community NHS Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.02 1 N/A
303 Biogerontology Research Foundation, United Kingdom (UK) 0.02 1 N/A
303 Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, United Kingdom (UK) 0.06 0.02 1 -69.8%
304 Homerton University Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.00 0.02 1 638.8%
304 Whittington Health NHS, United Kingdom (UK) 0.00 0.02 1 269.4%
304 Weston Area Health NHS Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.00 0.02 1 269.4%
304 Barking, Havering and Redbridge University Hospitals NHS Trust (BHRUT), United Kingdom (UK) 0.00 0.02 1 269.4%
304 Dartford and Gravesham NHS Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.01 0.02 1 195.5%
304 Yeovil District Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.01 0.02 1 146.3%
304 Poole Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.01 0.02 1 146.3%
304 Hampshire Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.01 0.02 1 146.3%
304 Royal Cornwall Hospitals NHS Trust (RCHT), United Kingdom (UK) 0.01 0.02 1 47.8%
304 Ashford and St Peter's Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.01 0.02 1 13.8%
304 Sandwell and West Birmingham Hospitals NHS Trust (SWBH), United Kingdom (UK) 0.05 0.02 1 -65.5%
304 Taunton and Somerset NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.02 1 N/A
304 Latin American Seasonally Dry Tropical Forest Floristic Network (DRYFLOR), United Kingdom (UK) 0.02 1 N/A
305 Jersey General Hospital, United Kingdom (UK) 0.02 1 N/A
306 NHS Grampian, United Kingdom (UK) 0.01 0.01 2 39.5%
307 Cardiff & Vale University Health Board, United Kingdom (UK) 0.04 0.01 2 -60.7%
308 UK Clinical Research Collaboration (UKCRC), United Kingdom (UK) 0.00 0.01 2 1,049.5%
309 UK Biobank, United Kingdom (UK) 0.01 1 N/A
310 Hospital of St John and St Elizabeth, United Kingdom (UK) 0.01 1 N/A
311 Liverpool Heart and Chest Hospital, United Kingdom (UK) 0.01 1 N/A
312 Barnet Enfield and Haringey Mental Health Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.01 1 N/A
312 Barnet and Chase Farm Hospitals NHS Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.01 1 N/A
313 Harrogate and District NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.00 0.01 1 165.6%
313 East and North Herts NHS Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.00 0.01 1 165.6%
313 Northern Devon Healthcare NHS Trust (NDHT), United Kingdom (UK) 0.01 0.01 1 112.5%
313 Peterborough and Stamford Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.01 0.01 1 -0.7%
313 Western Sussex Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.05 0.01 1 -74.6%
314 NHS National Services Scotland, United Kingdom (UK) 0.01 1 N/A
315 UCLPartners Academic Health Science Partnership, United Kingdom (UK) 0.00 0.01 4 180.8%
316 Church of England, United Kingdom (UK) 0.01 2 N/A
317 Alzheimer's Research UK, United Kingdom (UK) 0.01 0.01 1 -45.1%
318 Sniffer, United Kingdom (UK) 0.01 1 N/A
318 Crichton Carbon Centre, United Kingdom (UK) 0.01 1 N/A
319 HCA Laboratories Limited, United Kingdom (UK) 0.02 0.01 1 -64.8%
320 Wrightington, Wigan and Leigh NHS Foundation Trust (WWLNHS), United Kingdom (UK) 0.01 0.00 1 -41.0%
321 School of Advanced Study, University of London (SAS), United Kingdom (UK) 0.00 1 N/A
322 National Centre for Mental Health (NCMH), United Kingdom (UK) 0.13 0.00 1 -97.5%
323 North-East London and Essex Regional Motor Neuron Disease Care Centre, United Kingdom (UK) 0.00 1 N/A
324 Prostate Cancer UK, United Kingdom (UK) 0.00 1 N/A
325 West Hertfordshire Hospitals NHS Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.01 0.00 1 -69.6%
326 Psychosis Endophenotyps International Consortium (PEIC), United Kingdom (UK) 0.00 1 N/A
327 Smith & Nephew plc, United Kingdom (UK) 0.03 0.00 1 -94.0%
328 BMI Healthcare, United Kingdom (UK) 0.00 1 N/A

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.