2017 tables: Institutions

The 2017 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2016 to 31 December 2016.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2015 Share 2016 Count 2016 Change in Adjusted Share 2015-2016*
1 National Research Council (CNR), Italy 139.34 126.30 530 -7.0%
2 National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN), Italy 124.74 120.30 617 -1.1%
3 Scientific Institute for Research, Hospitalization and Healthcare (IRCCS), Italy 52.58 41.41 208 -19.2%
4 University of Padova (UNIPD), Italy 44.71 38.42 269 -11.8%
5 National Institute for Astrophysics (INAF), Italy 39.77 37.99 165 -2.0%
6 Sapienza University of Rome, Italy 49.45 37.41 333 -22.4%
7 Italian Institute of Technology (IIT), Italy 48.01 35.75 133 -23.6%
8 National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV), Italy 33.36 33.11 76 1.8%
9 University of Bologna (UNIBO), Italy 29.04 32.21 286 13.8%
10 University of Florence (UNIFI), Italy 36.15 27.12 177 -23.0%
11 University of Turin (UNITO), Italy 37.50 27.08 213 -25.9%
12 University of Naples Federico II (UNINA), Italy 33.98 25.51 238 -23.0%
13 University of Pisa (UNIPI), Italy 16.57 24.75 250 53.1%
14 University of Milan (UNIMI), Italy 26.30 24.46 230 -4.6%
15 University of Milano-Bicocca (UNIMIB), Italy 29.47 24.08 166 -16.2%
16 Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati (SISSA), Italy 25.16 23.58 105 -3.9%
17 Polytechnic University of Milan, Italy 16.63 21.10 83 30.2%
18 Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP), Italy 18.68 18.98 163 4.2%
19 University of Rome Tor Vergata, Italy 18.91 16.10 180 -12.7%
20 University of Calabria (UNICAL), Italy 8.93 12.87 114 47.8%
21 University of Perugia, Italy 9.70 12.39 134 31.1%
22 University of Genova, Italy 14.07 11.77 215 -14.2%
23 University of Parma (UNIPR), Italy 9.10 11.36 44 28.0%
24 University of Trieste (UNITS), Italy 14.49 11.05 145 -21.7%
25 University of Pavia (UNIPV), Italy 14.38 10.98 164 -21.6%
26 Polytechnic University of Turin, Italy 8.14 10.90 39 37.4%
27 University of Trento (UNITN), Italy 12.98 10.24 119 -19.1%
28 Scuola Normale Superiore (SNS), Italy 10.55 9.99 128 -2.9%
29 Elettra - Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A., Italy 10.26 9.31 43 -7.0%
30 University of Salento, Italy 6.25 8.65 106 41.8%
31 University of Roma Tre, Italy 7.19 8.16 108 16.5%
32 University of Catania, Italy 5.46 7.96 106 49.6%
33 University of Palermo (UNIPA), Italy 3.98 6.90 32 77.7%
34 University of Bari Aldo Moro (UniBA), Italy 9.88 6.86 144 -28.8%
35 University of Cagliari (UNICA), Italy 7.71 6.59 69 -12.3%
36 Italian Foundation for Cancer Research (FIRC), Italy 7.93 6.18 33 -20.1%
37 University of Salerno (UNISA), Italy 13.68 6.05 61 -54.6%
38 University of Modena and Reggio Emilia (UNIMORE), Italy 6.12 5.95 52 -0.3%
39 University of Ferrara (UNIFE), Italy 8.21 5.88 74 -26.5%
40 National Interuniversity Consortium of Materials Science and Technology (INSTM), Italy 8.32 5.87 37 -27.7%
41 University of L'Aquila (UNIVAQ), Italy 5.49 5.74 34 7.2%
42 University of Messina (UNIME), Italy 5.22 5.11 25 0.4%
43 Istituto Nazionale di Ricerca Metrologica (INRIM), Italy 2.16 5.00 16 137.5%
44 University of Eastern Piedmont "Amedeo Avogadro" (UNIPMN), Italy 4.51 4.78 97 8.7%
45 Catholic University of the Sacred Heart (UCSC), Italy 3.37 4.49 20 36.9%
46 University of Brescia (UNIBS), Italy 4.66 4.36 31 -4.1%
47 University of Siena (UNISI), Italy 6.03 4.12 75 -29.9%
48 University of Verona (UNIVR), Italy 6.79 4.06 33 -38.7%
49 Italy Ministry of Health, Italy 2.72 3.95 48 49.1%
50 University of Udine (UNIUD), Italy 3.20 3.57 93 14.3%
51 University of Camerino (UNICAM), Italy 3.45 3.54 27 5.3%
52 University of Insubria, Italy 5.65 3.44 27 -37.6%
53 Telethon Foundation, Italy 5.16 3.33 20 -33.8%
54 Polytechnic University of Bari, Italy 4.20 3.19 101 -22.2%
55 University of Urbino, Italy 3.00 2.54 44 -13.4%
56 University of Campania Luigi Vanvitelli, Italy 2.30 2.49 16 11.1%
57 International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (ICGEB), Italy 7.28 2.43 8 -65.7%
58 Fondazione Piemontese per la Ricerca sul Cancro Onlus (FPRC), Italy 2.44 2.42 13 1.7%
59 Gran Sasso Science Institute (GSSI), Italy 3.32 2.36 24 -27.0%
60 Ca' Foscari University of Venice (UNIVE), Italy 3.31 2.27 17 -29.7%
61 University of Sassari (UniSS), Italy 2.51 2.10 19 -14.5%
62 National Interuniversity Consortium for the Physical Sciences of Matter (CNISM), Italy 4.35 1.81 18 -57.3%
63 Marche Polytechnic University (UNIVPM), Italy 3.07 1.76 11 -41.4%
64 Venetian Institute of Molecular Medicine (VIMM), Italy 2.92 1.70 9 -40.3%
65 Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development (ENEA), Italy 3.34 1.66 14 -48.9%
66 University of Chieti (Ud'A), Italy 5.10 1.60 10 -67.7%
67 Bruno Kessler Foundation (FBK), Italy 2.52 1.48 37 -39.7%
68 Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn Napoli (SZN), Italy 1.26 1.47 13 19.5%
69 Euro-Mediterranean Center on Climate Change (CMCC), Italy 0.60 1.22 4 106.9%
70 Institute for Scientific Interchange (ISI), Italy 0.98 0.97 6 1.0%
71 Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies of Pisa (SSSA), Italy 0.17 0.96 11 461.0%
72 Techint Group, Italy 1.58 0.91 13 -41.0%
73 Edmund Mach Foundation, Italy 2.06 0.90 6 -55.0%
74 University of Magna Graecia (UMG), Italy 2.40 0.88 3 -62.5%
75 Eni s.p.a., Italy 1.28 0.81 3 -34.9%
76 Niguarda Hospital, Italy 0.91 0.80 6 -10.1%
77 Italian Space Agency (ASI), Italy 0.62 0.74 17 22.7%
78 Il Museo della Fisica e il Centro Studi e Ricerche Enrico Fermi (Centro Fermi), Italy 0.46 0.73 20 64.1%
79 MUSE - Museo delle Scienze di Trento, Italy 0.01 0.65 5 11,453.9%
80 IMT School for Advanced Studies Lucca, Italy 1.25 0.65 4 -46.7%
81 University of Sannio, Italy 0.05 0.62 19 1,273.8%
82 Civil Protection Department, Italy 0.32 0.56 2 75.8%
83 University of Tuscia (UNITUS), Italy 1.46 0.55 6 -61.1%
84 National Institute of Oceanography and Experimental Geophysics (OGS), Italy 1.80 0.55 5 -68.5%
85 University of Basilicata, Italy 1.99 0.55 77 -71.6%
86 Chromaleont s.r.L., Italy 0.14 0.50 1 269.3%
87 Ceinge - Biotecnologie Avanzate S.C. a r.l., Italy 0.70 0.49 5 -28.4%
88 European Brain Research Institute (EBRI), Italy 0.44 0.47 3 9.9%
89 Campus Bio-Medico University, Italy 0.32 0.44 3 39.8%
90 European Academy of Bozen/Bolzano (EURAC), Italy 0.11 0.42 8 292.6%
91 European Gravitational Observatory (EGO), Italy 0.41 13 N/A
92 Institute for Advanced Study (IUSS Pavia), Italy 0.47 0.40 5 -13.0%
93 Acque del Chiampo S.p.A., Italy 0.40 1 N/A
94 Universita' degli Studi Niccolo' Cusano, Italy 0.10 0.37 2 285.8%
95 Compagnia di San Paolo, Italy 0.25 0.34 14 39.1%
96 National Institute for Environmental Protection and Research (ISPRA), Italy 0.42 0.34 5 -18.2%
97 Osservatorio Meteorologico Regionale del FVG (OSMER ), Italy 0.33 1 N/A
97 Società Meteorologica Italiana (SMI), Italy 0.33 1 N/A
98 Azienda Ospedaliera San Paolo, Italy 0.00 0.32 3 10,026.8%
99 AMRA S.c. a r.l., Italy 0.25 0.31 2 28.9%
100 Ev-K2-CNR, Italy 0.31 2 N/A
101 Council for Agricultural Research and Analysis of Agricultural Economics (CREA), Italy 0.72 0.30 6 -56.5%
102 University of Cassino and Southern Lazio (UNICAS), Italy 0.16 0.29 3 87.8%
103 Istituto Nazionale di Alta Matematica "Francesco Severi" (INdAM), Italy 0.29 2 N/A
104 Guglielmo Marconi University (GMU), Italy 0.07 0.29 50 305.7%
105 University of Foggia (UNIFG), Italy 0.33 0.28 5 -10.4%
106 Light Pollution Science and Technology Institute (ISTIL), Italy 0.28 1 N/A
107 e-GEOS, Italy 0.14 0.27 2 92.3%
108 ASST Fatebenefratelli-Sacco, Italy 0.26 2 N/A
109 Associazione per lo Studio della Trombosi in Cardiologia, Italy 0.00 0.25 1 7,644.1%
109 Giotto Biotech S.r.l., Italy 0.25 1 N/A
109 World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO), Italy 0.25 2 N/A
110 Azienda Ospedaliera "Bianchi Melacrino Morelli", Italy 0.01 0.23 1 2,314.4%
111 Bracco Imaging S.p.A., Italy 0.58 0.21 1 -62.3%
112 Acciaierie Venete S.p.A., Italy 0.01 0.20 1 2,023.8%
112 Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale dell'Abruzzo e del Molise "G. Caporale" (IZSAM), Italy 0.20 1 N/A
112 Acquedotto Pugliese S.p.A., Italy 0.20 1 N/A
113 European University Institute (EUI), Italy 0.19 3 N/A
114 Edo and Elvo Tempia Valenta Foundation (FEETV), Italy 0.06 0.19 1 246.2%
115 University Hospital of Verona, Italy 0.41 0.17 3 -56.5%
116 Foro Italico University of Rome, Italy 0.33 0.17 2 -47.8%
117 Genomics, Genetics and Biology (GGB) Pole, Italy 0.17 1 N/A
117 World Food Programme (WFP), Italy 0.17 1 N/A
118 A.O.U. Citta della Salute e della Scienza di Torino, Italy 0.21 0.16 5 -22.4%
119 Galliera Hospital, Italy 0.13 0.15 1 21.2%
120 MolMed S.p.A., Italy 0.05 0.15 1 231.8%
121 Fondazione Pisa, Italy 0.12 0.15 4 25.2%
122 Selex ES S.p.A, Italy 0.04 0.14 1 298.9%
122 Extra Byte SNC, Italy 0.14 1 N/A
122 CBM s.c.r.l., Italy 0.14 0.14 1 2.6%
123 University of Bergamo, Italy 0.25 0.14 4 -42.0%
124 San Raffaele S.p.A., Italy 0.27 0.14 2 -46.4%
125 Azienda Ospedaliera Papa Giovanni XXIII, Italy 0.06 0.13 3 140.3%
126 FQC Italia, Italy 0.13 1 N/A
126 Setlance srl, Italy 0.13 1 N/A
126 Ornis Italica, Italy 0.13 1 N/A
127 Center for Advanced Studies, Research and Development in Sardinia (CRS4), Italy 0.37 0.12 1 -67.8%
128 Lincean Academy, Italy 0.03 0.11 1 241.9%
128 Studio Grassi, Italy 0.11 1 N/A
128 Angelini Group, Italy 0.11 1 N/A
128 Cogentech S.c.a.r.l., Italy 0.11 1 N/A
128 Elettronica SpA, Italy 0.11 1 N/A
128 Superior Health Institute, Italy 0.11 1 N/A
129 Bioversity International, Italy 0.11 2 N/A
130 Echolight S.r.l., Italy 0.10 2 N/A
131 Azienda Ospedaliera Spedali Civili di Brescia, Italy 0.05 0.10 1 125.7%
131 Mediteknology Srl, Italy 0.10 1 N/A
131 Istituto d'Istruzione Superiore Gaetano De Sanctis (IIS Gaetano De Sanctis), Italy 0.10 1 N/A
131 Azienda Ospedaliera Brotzu (AOB), Italy 0.10 1 N/A
131 Istituto Toscano Tumori (ITT), Italy 0.54 0.10 3 -80.9%
132 Institute for Research Chemical and Biochemical G. Ronzoni, Italy 0.63 0.09 1 -85.1%
132 Consell Comarcal del Baix Llobregat, Italy 0.09 1 N/A
132 Sacco Srl, Italy 0.09 1 N/A
133 San Camillo-Forlanini Hospital, Italy 0.04 0.09 2 112.6%
134 Ospedale S.S. Annunziata Chieti, Italy 0.06 0.08 1 41.0%
134 Centre of Integrated Geomorphology for the Mediterranean Area (CGIAM), Italy 0.25 0.08 1 -65.8%
134 BrainTrends, Italy 0.08 1 N/A
134 Museo Civico di Rovereto, Italy 0.08 1 N/A
134 Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM), Italy 0.39 0.08 1 -78.0%
135 Fondazione Cariplo, Italy 0.04 0.08 4 93.1%
135 Intesa Sanpaolo, Italy 0.04 0.08 4 93.1%
136 Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Policlinico 'G. Martino' - Messina, Italy 0.03 0.08 1 152.5%
136 Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale della Puglia e della Basilicata, Italy 0.22 0.08 1 -63.9%
136 Takis S.r.l., Italy 0.08 1 N/A
137 Italian Department for Anti-Drug Policies (DPA), Italy 0.08 1 N/A
138 Azienda Sanitaria di Firenze (ASF), Italy 0.08 0.07 4 -10.2%
139 Chamber of Commerce of Avellino, Italy 0.06 2 N/A
140 San Raffaele University of Rome (UniSanRaffaele), Italy 0.06 1 N/A
141 University of Molise (UNIMOL), Italy 0.56 0.06 6 -88.9%
142 Fondazione Ri.MED, Italy 0.15 0.06 2 -60.2%
143 Institute for the Study and Prevention of Cancer (ISPRO), Italy 0.02 0.06 5 162.2%
144 Milan Center for Neuroscience, Italy 0.26 0.06 1 -78.0%
144 Centro Internazionale per lo Studio dei Papiri Ercolanesi (CISPE), Italy 0.06 1 N/A
145 European School of Molecular Medicine (SEMM), Italy 0.04 0.05 2 52.4%
146 University Hospitals Parma Medical Center, Italy 0.05 1 N/A
146 Atid, Italy 0.05 1 N/A
147 University of Teramo (UniTE), Italy 0.78 0.05 2 -93.4%
148 Siena University Hospital, Italy 0.24 0.05 1 -78.8%
149 Treviso General Hospital, Italy 0.04 2 N/A
150 Scuola Superiore Provinciale di Sanità Claudiana, Italy 0.04 1 N/A
151 Ospedale G.Tatarella di Cerignola, Italy 0.08 0.04 1 -50.8%
151 Sigma-Tau Research and Development, Italy 0.04 1 N/A
151 Fondazione Ospedale Salesi Onlus, Italy 0.04 1 N/A
151 San Pietro Hospital, Italy 0.04 1 N/A
152 Casa di Cura Sant’Anna, Italy 0.04 1 N/A
153 Space Dynamics Services s.r.l. - SpaceDyS, Italy 0.04 1 N/A
154 San Bortolo Hospital, Italy 0.02 0.04 1 138.7%
155 École Française de Rome (EFR), Italy 0.04 1 N/A
156 Euro-Mediterranean Institute of Science and Technology (IEMEST), Italy 0.03 1 N/A
157 Fondazione Europea Ricerca Biomedica (FERB Onlus), Italy 0.03 1 N/A
158 D.R.E.Am. Italia, Italy 0.03 1 N/A
158 Centro Studi Attività Motorie (CSAM), Italy 0.03 1 N/A
159 Ospedale di Parma, Italy 0.47 0.02 2 -94.8%
160 Azienda Ulss 13 Mirano, Italy 0.02 1 N/A
161 Azienda Sanitaria Provinciale di Ragusa (ASP Ragusa), Italy 0.01 0.02 2 155.4%
162 Centro di ricerca in risonanza magnetica per lo studio del sistema nervoso, Università di Genova, Italy 0.02 1 N/A
163 Lead Discovery Siena, Italy 0.02 1 N/A
164 Enel S.p.A., Italy 0.05 0.02 4 -64.1%
165 Pegaso University (Unipegaso), Italy 0.01 0.02 5 24.5%
166 Azienda Ospedaliera Civile M.P. Arezzo, Italy 0.00 0.01 2 6,500.2%
167 CGS S.p.A. Compagnia Generale per lo Spazio, Italy 0.01 1 N/A
168 Parthenope University of Naples, Italy 0.45 0.01 24 -98.1%
169 Museo di Civiltà Preclassiche della Murgia Meridionale, Italy 0.01 1 N/A
170 Italy Ministry of Defence (MDD), Italy 0.00 1 N/A
171 Piedmont Reference Center for Epidemiology and Cancer Prevention (CPO Piemonte), Italy 0.01 0.00 2 -31.2%
172 Hospital of Monfalcone, Italy 0.01 0.00 1 -28.3%
173 General Hospital of Bolzano, Italy 0.09 0.00 3 -96.4%
174 Ospedale di Circolo, Italy 0.13 0.00 1 -99.1%
175 Mario Negri Sud Foundation (FMNS), Italy 0.00 1 N/A
175 Genextra S.p.A., Italy 0.00 1 N/A
176 Italy Ministry of Education, Universities and Research (MIUR), Italy 0.00 0.00 1 -60.3%
176 Istituto Nazionale per la Valutazione del Sistema Educativo di Istruzione e di Formazione (INVALSI), Italy 0.00 0.00 1 -60.3%
176 National Institute for Documentation, Innovation and Educational Research (INDIRE), Italy 0.00 0.00 1 -60.3%
176 Università Iuav di Venezia (IUAV), Italy 0.00 0.00 1 -60.3%
176 Mediterranea University of Reggio Calabria (UNIRC), Italy 0.00 0.00 1 -60.3%
176 University for Foreigners Perugia (UNISTRAPG), Italy 0.00 0.00 1 -60.3%
176 Orientale University of Naples, Italy 0.00 0.00 1 -60.3%
176 University of Macerata (UNIMC), Italy 0.00 0.00 1 -60.3%

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.