2017 tables: Institutions

Table criteria

The 2017 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2016 to 31 December 2016.

2016 Institution FC 2015 FC 2016
1 Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), China 1620.68 1592.44
2 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 886.99 880.71
3 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 790.39 768.29
4 Max Planck Society, Germany 745.18 765.91
5 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 636.11 603.7
6 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 565.4 576.48
7 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 537.54 524.2
8 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 438.45 466.63
9 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 429.85 437.4
10 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 526.72 427.87
11 Peking University (PKU), China 369.66 386.16
12 University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 426.91 383.03
13 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 376.17 355.64
14 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 338.34 349.15
15 National Institutes of Health (NIH), United States of America (USA) 390.9 341.52
16 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 362.62 333.78
17 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 345.35 327.07
18 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 368.46 321.43
19 Nanjing University (NJU), China 290.48 319.47
20 Tsinghua University, China 278.86 315.87
21 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 325.11 312.04
22 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 287.08 306.86
23 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 328.66 291.99
24 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 269.54 287.79
25 Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA) 302.78 284.82
26 University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), China 261.37 275.83
27 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 295.28 267.93
28 Kyoto University, Japan 311.72 264.34
29 University of Pennsylvania (Penn), United States of America (USA) 312.66 260.77
30 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 281.28 258.89
31 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 269.24 258.28
32 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 266.16 251.1
33 Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 263.46 244.25
34 Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore 254.33 233.93
35 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 242.4 233.72
36 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 228.55 233.71
37 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 253.18 229
38 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 235.63 226.25
39 Zhejiang University (ZJU), China 222.73 220.34
40 University College London (UCL), United Kingdom (UK) 236.1 213.32
41 Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain 236.59 211.51
42 National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore 212 209.44
43 Duke University, United States of America (USA) 213.87 209.35
44 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 211.87 208.41
45 Leibniz Association, Germany 221.26 206.11
46 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 207.3 203.44
47 University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), United States of America (USA) 209.41 200.12
48 Osaka University, Japan 206.39 196.84
49 Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL), United States of America (USA) 184.49 193.58
50 University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA) 216.16 187.86
51 Fudan University, China 209.74 184.54
52 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), United States of America (USA) 180.48 181.82
53 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 171.74 181.09
54 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 181.1 180.71
55 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), United States of America (USA) 187.01 180.59
56 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 191.62 176.57
57 Tohoku University, Japan 194.63 175.41
58 McGill University, Canada 190.41 174.12
59 Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Russia 161.41 172.13
60 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 196.54 168.29
61 Seoul National University (SNU), South Korea 166.93 165.97
62 New York University (NYU), United States of America (USA) 174.87 165.69
63 University of California, Irvine (UCI), United States of America (USA) 130.21 164.5
64 Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), India 170.63 164.1
65 Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), South Korea 156.02 157.77
66 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS), China 105.84 156.86
67 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (RU), United States of America (USA) 135.22 156.68
68 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 167.56 156.57
69 RIKEN, Japan 151.88 155.91
70 Scripps Research, United States of America (USA) 139.07 153.78
71 Nankai University (NKU), China 157.34 152.94
72 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 135.78 152.79
73 National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), United States of America (USA) 125.81 151.17
74 Soochow University, China 140.7 150.67
75 University of California, Davis (UC Davis), United States of America (USA) 177.02 146.01
76 Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), United States of America (USA) 167.21 145.87
77 The Ohio State University (OSU), United States of America (USA) 157.55 145.71
78 Purdue University, United States of America (USA) 152.11 145.62
79 University of Pittsburgh (Pitt), United States of America (USA) 135 145.31
80 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 125.36 144.98
81 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 118.67 143.52
82 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 146.22 138.1
83 Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), Japan 140.83 138.03
84 Texas A&M University (TAMU), United States of America (USA) 161.35 135.69
85 University of Southern California (USC), United States of America (USA) 144.91 135.66
86 Nagoya University, Japan 148.32 133.29
87 Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), India 131.37 132.88
88 Monash University, Australia 117.38 132.46
89 The University of British Columbia (UBC), Canada 154.94 130.36
90 Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU), China 107.61 128.29
91 The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center (UT Southwestern Medical Center), United States of America (USA) 127.13 127.43
92 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 128.69 126.46
93 National Research Council (CNR), Italy 139.21 125.96
94 Xiamen University (XMU), China 119.69 124.4
95 University of New South Wales (UNSW), Australia 114.33 123.13
96 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 123.77 121.71
97 Wuhan University (WHU), China 114.67 121.41
98 Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HUJI), Israel 123.99 121.25
99 National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN), Italy 124.74 120.3
100 Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), United States of America (USA) 104.98 119.55
101 Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology (BIST), Spain 98.66 119.22
102 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 131.49 119.06
103 Hokkaido University, Japan 119.43 118.39
104 The University of Queensland (UQ), Australia 146.79 118.33
105 Sun Yat-sen University (SYSU), China 125.21 117.48
106 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 116.55 116.98
107 Vanderbilt University (VU), United States of America (USA) 129.67 116
108 Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium 106.83 115.14
109 Indiana University (IU), United States of America (USA) 105.09 114.83
110 Kyushu University, Japan 92.77 113.79
111 University of Florida (UF), United States of America (USA) 146.68 113.63
112 Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), United States of America (USA) 127.47 111.22
113 Boston University (BU), United States of America (USA) 113.37 110.99
114 Atomic Energy and Alternative Energies Commission (CEA), France 110.98 110.69
115 University of Utah (Utah), United States of America (USA) 120.61 108.5
116 King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Saudi Arabia 92.29 107.96
117 University of Alberta (U of A), Canada 112.86 106.42
118 Rice University, United States of America (USA) 115.86 105.57
119 Pierre and Marie Curie University (UPMC) - Paris 6, France 117.51 105.19
120 Technion-Israel Institute of Technology (IIT), Israel 105.7 104.47
121 University of Groningen (RUG), Netherlands 103.81 104.36
122 University of Basel (UB), Switzerland 92.14 103.67
123 Emory University, United States of America (USA) 94.14 102.7
124 Australian National University (ANU), Australia 105.14 102.56
125 University of Münster (WWU), Germany 106.73 102.27
126 Sichuan University (SCU), China 98.82 101.98
127 Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST), China 100.68 101.23
128 Lanzhou University (LZU), China 96.31 101.21
129 The University of Melbourne (UniMelb), Australia 103.45 100.59
130 University of Würzburg, Germany 120.45 100.59
131 Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), South Korea 111.34 100.18
132 University of California, Riverside (UCR), United States of America (USA) 106.42 99.09
133 National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), United States of America (USA) 93.07 98.32
134 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), United States of America (USA) 88.63 98.15
135 University of Göttingen, Germany 106.06 98
136 The Rockefeller University, United States of America (USA) 104.61 97.54
137 Arizona State University (ASU), United States of America (USA) 108.59 96.66
138 Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research (IISER), India 81.88 96.63
139 Aarhus University (AU), Denmark 87.15 95.98
140 Lund University (LU), Sweden 99.51 95.62
141 Radboud University Nijmegen (RU), Netherlands 71.66 95.43
142 Uppsala University (UU), Sweden 94.03 94.9
143 Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), Germany 79.57 94.84
144 Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), United States of America (USA) 103.16 94.58
145 U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), United States of America (USA) 100.81 93.8
146 Baylor College of Medicine (BCM), United States of America (USA) 104.51 93.45
147 The University of Arizona (Arizona), United States of America (USA) 103.94 92.92
148 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 75.05 92.72
149 RWTH Aachen University (RWTH Aachen), Germany 89.58 91.92
150 National Taiwan University (NTU), Taiwan 115.83 91.82
151 Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST), China 86.49 91.56
152 Yonsei University, South Korea 102.71 91.1
153 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 93.16 91.05
154 Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC), United States of America (USA) 90.5 90.62
155 National Institute for Health and Medical Research (INSERM), France 99.67 90.33
156 Jilin University (JLU), China 103.6 89.93
157 Shandong University (SDU), China 76.29 89.71
158 University of Bonn (Uni Bonn), Germany 95.64 88.91
159 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 78.74 88.37
160 East China University of Science and Technology (ECUST), China 98.69 86.9
161 Indian Institute of Science (IISc), India 91.76 86.77
162 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, United States of America (USA) 77.22 85.88
163 Free University of Berlin (FU Berlin), Germany 101.94 85.61
164 Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Denmark 87.62 85.32
165 Dresden University of Technology (TU Dresden), Germany 86.35 84.85
166 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), United States of America (USA) 69.39 84.73
167 North Carolina State University (NCSU), United States of America (USA) 93.27 83.83
168 Case Western Reserve University (CWRU), United States of America (USA) 83.47 83.12
169 Hunan University (HNU), China 99.35 82.76
170 University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU), Germany 98.79 82.74
171 The University of Iowa (UI), United States of America (USA) 89.38 81.86
172 State University of New York at Stony Brook (SUNY Stony Brook), United States of America (USA) 108.95 81.47
173 The University of Warwick (Warwick), United Kingdom (UK) 78.83 81.09
174 Leiden University, Netherlands 86.11 80.98
175 Brown University, United States of America (USA) 89.82 80.64
176 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 102.37 80.5
177 University of Massachusetts Amherst (UMass Amherst), United States of America (USA) 88.75 80.19
178 The University of Sydney (USYD), Australia 81.07 79.55
179 The University of Georgia (UGA), United States of America (USA) 73.87 79.43
180 University of Montreal (UdeM), Canada 80.06 78.58
181 Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT), China 61.99 78.45
182 University of Rochester (UR), United States of America (USA) 76.67 77.92
183 South China University of Technology (SCUT), China 59.93 77.86
184 Stockholm University, Sweden 95.09 77.5
185 National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Japan 95.48 77.31
186 University of Amsterdam (UvA), Netherlands 62.16 77.13
187 Academia Sinica, Taiwan 77.54 77.13
188 East China Normal University (ECNU), China 85.8 76.75
189 Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), United States of America (USA) 84.83 76.67
190 Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM), Spain 70.77 76.63
191 Beijing Normal University (BNU), China 72.6 76
192 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), United States of America (USA) 79.56 75.95
193 Tel Aviv University (TAU), Israel 92.07 75.77
194 Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), Singapore 88.48 75.69
195 University of Regensburg (UR), Germany 74.09 75.58
196 Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU), South Korea 83.21 75.03
197 Humboldt University of Berlin (HU Berlin), Germany 90.27 74.74
198 University of Freiburg (Uni Freiburg), Germany 92.25 74.68
199 Czech Academy of Sciences (CAS), Czech Republic 70.38 74.47
200 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 84.31 74.21
201 Karolinska Institute (KI), Sweden 73.2 73.85
202 U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), United States of America (USA) 80.26 73.84
203 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 90.65 73.61
204 Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU), China 58.5 73.28
205 The University of Hong Kong (HKU), China 68.03 72.91
206 Mount Sinai Health System (MSHS), United States of America (USA) 61.33 72.64
207 University of Paris Sud (UPSud), France 76.73 72.2
208 University of Virginia (UVA), United States of America (USA) 67.55 72.01
209 Florida State University (FSU), United States of America (USA) 63.57 71.63
210 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 72.12 71.54
211 University of Waterloo, Canada 86.21 71.51
212 University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen), Germany 81.88 71.47
213 University of Nebraska-Lincoln (UNL), United States of America (USA) 63.46 70.99
214 Institute for Basic Science (IBS), South Korea 61.95 70.8
215 Michigan State University (MSU), United States of America (USA) 67.03 70.73
216 University of Barcelona (UB), Spain 67.8 70.71
217 University of Cologne (UoC), Germany 58.83 69.81
218 Tianjin University (TJU), China 91.59 69.5
219 Goethe University Frankfurt am Main (GU), Germany 72.35 69.27
220 University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC), United States of America (USA) 70.94 68.97
221 Keio University, Japan 56.86 68.8
222 Ghent University (UGent), Belgium 70.94 68.68
223 The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom (UK) 79.11 68.35
224 University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 54.36 68.28
225 National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Japan 82.82 67.33
226 Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e), Netherlands 52.46 67.2
227 The University of Nottingham (UoN), United Kingdom (UK) 69.11 66.84
228 University of Bern, Switzerland 71.83 66.69
229 Southeast University (SEU), China 40.35 66.07
230 University of Notre Dame (ND), United States of America (USA) 77.37 65.54
231 University of Strasbourg, France 64.04 65.48
232 University at Buffalo, The State University of New York (SUNY UB), United States of America (USA) 56.22 65.31
233 Medical Research Council (MRC), United Kingdom (UK) 71.97 65.06
234 The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK), China 61.66 64.98
235 University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMass Medical School), United States of America (USA) 68.19 64.65
236 University of Ottawa (uOttawa), Canada 59.91 64.44
237 Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin), Germany 65.76 63.29
238 Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), South Korea 62.32 63
239 Korea University (KU), South Korea 63.74 62.67
240 University of Tsukuba, Japan 57.71 61.92
241 University of Oregon (UO), United States of America (USA) 51.86 61.25
242 University of Vienna, Austria 53.53 61.2
243 Iowa State University, United States of America (USA) 74.13 60.92
244 University of Cincinnati (UC), United States of America (USA) 62.28 60.86
245 University of Oslo (UiO), Norway 45.06 60.55
246 Grenoble Alpes University (UGA), France 55.83 60.12
247 Tongji University, China 59.72 59.76
248 Colorado State University, United States of America (USA) 58.19 59.18
249 National Tsing Hua University (NTHU), Taiwan 79.15 58.86
250 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech), United States of America (USA) 66.06 58.75
251 Oregon State University, United States of America (USA) 59.64 57.5
252 University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC), United States of America (USA) 66.24 57.31
253 People's Liberation Army (PLA), China 43.97 56.85
254 Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU), United States of America (USA) 44.96 56.7
255 University of Hawai'i at Manoa (UH Mānoa), United States of America (USA) 53.15 56.56
256 Temple University, United States of America (USA) 40.24 56.2
257 VU University Amsterdam, Netherlands 46.65 55.93
258 University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Spain 45.38 55.87
259 University of Houston (UH), United States of America (USA) 59.38 55.66
260 University of Miami (UM), United States of America (USA) 50.16 55.53
261 Ruhr University Bochum (RUB), Germany 59.76 55.37
262 University of Bayreuth (UBT), Germany 46.23 54.99
263 University of Calgary (U of C), Canada 62.18 54.45
264 University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 60.88 54.34
265 Mayo Clinic, United States of America (USA) 46.9 54.01
266 Beijing Institute of Technology (BIT), China 30.21 53.84
267 European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Switzerland 63.25 53.8
268 Homi Bhabha National Institute (HBNI), India 46.25 53.25
269 Paris Diderot University (Paris 7), France 67.25 52.87
270 Albert Einstein College of Medicine (Einstein), United States of America (USA) 63.58 52.78
271 The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Australia 59.68 52.16
272 Hanyang University (HYU), South Korea 45.15 52.14
273 University of Helsinki, Finland 58.32 51.7
274 KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden 58.25 50.88
275 University of Toulouse, France 58.88 50.7
276 University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus (CU Anschutz), United States of America (USA) 47.61 50.62
277 University of Lausanne (UNIL), Switzerland 46.46 50.47
278 Salk Institute for Biological Studies (Salk), United States of America (USA) 53.73 50.4
279 University of São Paulo (USP), Brazil 48.37 50.22
280 Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI), Switzerland 45.23 50.04
281 Beihang University (BUAA), China 44.88 50.01
282 University of Valencia (UV), Spain 46.29 49.71
283 University of Birmingham (UB), United Kingdom (UK) 51.12 49.62
284 University of Konstanz, Germany 43.99 49.41
285 The University of Dublin, Ireland 44.55 49.34
286 McMaster University, Canada 52.51 49.3
287 Wayne State University (WSU), United States of America (USA) 46.33 49.21
288 National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), United States of America (USA) 32.19 49.01
289 Polish Academy of Sciences (PAS), Poland 58.9 49
290 Tufts University, United States of America (USA) 43.71 48.96
291 Vienna University of Technology (TU Wien), Austria 50.47 48.87
292 Cardiff University, United Kingdom (UK) 37.54 48.44
293 St. Jude Children's Research Hospital (St. Jude), United States of America (USA) 42.3 48.43
294 Beijing University of Chemical Technology (BUCT), China 42.83 48.08
295 Aix-Marseille University (AMU), France 48.61 48.07
296 University of Lyon, France 51.94 47.73
297 Leipzig University, Germany 44.68 47.34
298 University of Delaware (UD), United States of America (USA) 57.03 47.22
299 University of Stuttgart, Germany 59.91 46.91
300 Brandeis University, United States of America (USA) 40.99 46.8
301 University of Connecticut (UConn), United States of America (USA) 63.81 45.98
302 European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Germany 47.64 45.66
303 China University of Geosciences (CUG), China 27.55 45.62
304 Dalian University of Technology (DUT), China 71.96 45.6
305 Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Belgium 38.74 45.53
306 Carnegie Institution for Science (CIS), United States of America (USA) 44.68 45.5
307 Philipps University of Marburg (Uni Marburg), Germany 53.08 45.41
308 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), United States of America (USA) 41.86 45.18
309 HHMI Janelia Farm Research Campus, United States of America (USA) 51.71 44.98
310 Aalto University, Finland 55.77 44.88
311 The University of Kansas (KU), United States of America (USA) 45.85 44.85
312 Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), India 48.02 44.6
313 Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), United Kingdom (UK) 49.16 44.58
314 University of Lisbon (ULISBOA), Portugal 35.2 44.57
315 The City University of New York (CUNY), United States of America (USA) 51.3 44.42
316 University of York, United Kingdom (UK) 49.85 44.39
317 Western University (UWO), Canada 34.14 44.2
318 Smithsonian Institution, United States of America (USA) 40.82 44.17
319 Friedrich Schiller University Jena (FSU), Germany 44.98 43.93
320 F. Hoffmann-La Roche AG, Switzerland 45.66 43.91
321 Sandia National Laboratories, United States of America (USA) 55.29 43.78
322 City University of Hong Kong (CityU), China 41.58 43.77
323 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 52.77 43.64
324 University of South Florida (USF), United States of America (USA) 37.14 43.54
325 Central China Normal University (CCNU), China 30.71 43.5
326 Southwest University (SWU), China 47.91 43.01
327 IBM Corporation, United States of America (USA) 62.14 42.89
328 Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU), Russia 38.01 42.63
329 Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU), Israel 52.52 42.48
330 Nanjing Tech University (NanjingTech), China 26.85 42.45
331 University of Montpellier, France 46.11 41.89
332 National Scientific and Technical Research Council (CONICET), Argentina 39.06 41.77
333 Novartis International AG, Switzerland 48.57 41.29
334 Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico (IRCCS), Italy 52.43 41.21
335 The University of New Mexico (UNM), United States of America (USA) 47.08 41
336 University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB), United States of America (USA) 31.6 40.44
337 Chalmers University of Technology (Chalmers), Sweden 60.96 40.17
338 Darmstadt University of Technology (TU Darmstadt), Germany 27.95 40.16
339 University of Kiel (CAU), Germany 41.06 39.93
340 University of Maryland, Baltimore (UMB), United States of America (USA) 41.08 39.87
341 The University of Tennessee at Knoxville (UTK), United States of America (USA) 41.02 39.75
342 The University of Oklahoma (OU), United States of America (USA) 43.3 39.75
343 Dartmouth College, United States of America (USA) 47.2 39.72
344 Newcastle University, United Kingdom (UK) 40.36 39.55
345 University of Kentucky (UK), United States of America (USA) 39.23 39.36
346 Pasteur Institute, France 34.82 39.26
347 Complutense University of Madrid (UCM), Spain 38.71 39.08
348 The University of Akron (UAkron), United States of America (USA) 37.93 38.88
349 Hungarian Academy of Sciences (HAS), Hungary 42.08 38.85
350 National Chiao Tung University (NCTU), Taiwan 38.53 38.57
351 University of Padova (UNIPD), Italy 44.71 38.09
352 National Institute for Astrophysics (INAF), Italy 39.77 37.99
353 Chiba University, Japan 19.07 37.65
354 University of Innsbruck (LFU), Austria 28.64 37.64
355 Sapienza University of Rome, Italy 49.45 37.41
356 Curtin University, Australia 29.16 37.35
357 Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), United States of America (USA) 42.3 37.32
358 Ulm University, Germany 38.43 37.23
359 University of South Carolina - Columbia (SC), United States of America (USA) 44.29 36.91
360 Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU), United States of America (USA) 32.44 36.87
361 Northeastern University (NEU), United States of America (USA) 41.84 36.85
362 French National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA), France 33.87 36.8
363 National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico 41.87 36.69
364 Catholic University of Louvain (UCL), Belgium 30.03 35.98
365 University of Bath, United Kingdom (UK) 44.99 35.94
366 Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center (FHCRC), United States of America (USA) 30.41 35.72
367 Italian Institute of Technology (IIT), Italy 47.88 35.64
368 The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU), China 28.8 35.45
369 Flanders Institute for Biotechnology (VIB), Belgium 25.92 35.41
370 University of Duisburg-Essen (UDE), Germany 35.93 35.17
371 University of Bordeaux, France 40.47 35.04
372 Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI), United States of America (USA) 27.09 34.99
373 University of Potsdam, Germany 30.85 34.96
374 Shandong Normal University (SDNU), China 26.33 34.39
375 University of Science and Technology Beijing (USTB), China 29.89 34.36
376 University of Missouri (Mizzou), United States of America (USA) 29.82 34.23
377 The University of Adelaide (Adelaide Uni), Australia 38.2 34.21
378 University of Gothenburg (GU), Sweden 34.34 34.17
379 Washington State University (WSU), United States of America (USA) 32.24 34.17
380 Louisiana State University (LSU), United States of America (USA) 48.39 34.09
381 The University of Western Australia (UWA), Australia 48.61 34.04
382 Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics (PI), Canada 47.84 33.7
383 University of Warsaw (UW), Poland 37.18 33.61
384 Simon Fraser University (SFU), Canada 28.08 33.41
385 University of Santiago de Compostela (USC), Spain 31.23 33.26
386 National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV), Italy 33.36 33.11
387 Ewha Womans University (Ewha), South Korea 33.91 32.82
388 Wageningen University & Research (WUR), Netherlands 35.7 32.7
389 Shanghai University (SHU), China 35.24 32.68
390 Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf (HHU), Germany 37.73 32.66
391 Institute of Research for Development (IRD), France 29.17 32.49
392 Austrian Academy of Sciences (ÖAW), Austria 26.95 32.37
393 Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (EAWAG), Switzerland 31.98 32.29
394 University of Bologna (UNIBO), Italy 29.04 32.18
395 Bar-Ilan University (BIU), Israel 32.63 32.11
396 Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST), South Korea 41.48 31.83
397 The University of Texas at Dallas (UT Dallas), United States of America (USA) 34.49 31.79
398 University of Otago, New Zealand 33.75 31.78
399 University of Saskatchewan (U of S), Canada 36.69 31.43
400 University of Dundee, United Kingdom (UK) 22.05 31.38
401 University of Twente (UTwente), Netherlands 29.67 31.17
402 AstraZeneca plc, United Kingdom (UK) 23.98 31.15
403 Hiroshima University (HU), Japan 39.97 31.1
404 U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, United States of America (USA) 34.35 30.86
405 University of Sussex (US), United Kingdom (UK) 33.19 30.82
406 Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), United Kingdom (UK) 32.72 30.58
407 Chongqing University (CQU), China 35.22 30.52
408 Boston College (BC), United States of America (USA) 25.57 30.51
409 National Institute of Applied Sciences (INSA), France 37.42 30.49
410 Kobe University, Japan 27.67 30.21
411 Southern University of Science and Technology (SUSTech), China 16.27 30.19
412 Linköping University (LiU), Sweden 38.01 30.06
413 The University of Wollongong (UOW), Australia 25.14 29.91
414 Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College (CAMS & PUMC), China 27.3 29.76
415 Merck & Co., Inc., United States of America (USA) 26.03 29.74
416 Queen's University, Canada 40.13 29.58
417 Clemson University, United States of America (USA) 24.63 29.46
418 TU Dortmund University, Germany 22.92 29.45
419 Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR), India 28.97 29.44
420 National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), United States of America (USA) 39.19 29.06
421 Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science (IACS), India 43.8 29
422 Vienna Biocenter (VBC), Austria 15.58 28.96
423 Kanazawa University (KU), Japan 19.12 28.96
424 Charles University (CU), Czech Republic 29.55 28.92
425 Fuzhou University (FZU), China 34.04 28.62
426 National Institutes of Natural Sciences (NINS), Japan 44.41 28.6
427 Drexel University, United States of America (USA) 29.19 28.6
428 University of Antwerp (UA), Belgium 29.29 28.34
429 State University of New York at Albany (SUNY Albany), United States of America (USA) 17.67 28.24
430 Northwest University (NWU), China 19.92 28.02
431 Pfizer Inc., United States of America (USA) 20.41 27.72
432 University of Turin (UNITO), Italy 37.25 27.66
433 University of Florence (UNIFI), Italy 36.54 27.46
434 Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC), Japan 21.56 27.45
435 University of Strathclyde, United Kingdom (UK) 32.09 27.44
436 University of Oviedo (UniOvi), Spain 25.01 27.4
437 University of Hannover (LUH), Germany 36.19 27.32
438 University of Liège (ULg), Belgium 19.1 27.19
439 Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST), South Korea 29.3 26.78
440 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), United States of America (USA) 29.51 26.78
441 Saarland University (Saar-Uni), Germany 26.61 26.71
442 University of Bremen (Uni Bremen), Germany 33.48 26.67
443 Waseda University, Japan 31.25 26.51
444 China Agricultural University (CAU), China 20.67 26.38
445 Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 30.49 25.89
446 Institute for Advanced Study (IAS), United States of America (USA) 23.98 25.86
447 University of Sherbrooke (USherbrooke), Canada 32.62 25.82
448 Central South University (CSU), China 28.15 25.81
449 Okayama University, Japan 35.13 25.76
450 Jagiellonian University (UJ), Poland 31.3 25.73
451 Queen's University Belfast (QUB), United Kingdom (UK) 37.15 25.7
452 Pusan National University (PNU), South Korea 18.84 25.62
453 Umeå University (UMU), Sweden 36.5 25.52
454 University of Naples Federico II (UNINA), Italy 33.98 25.51
455 Nanjing University of Science and Technology (NUST), China 20.13 25.51
456 Northeast Normal University (NENU), China 36.22 25.5
457 Braunschweig University of Technology (TU Braunschweig), Germany 26.43 25.48
458 University of Central Florida (UCF), United States of America (USA) 22.53 25.44
459 Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB), Spain 33.09 25.26
460 University of Granada (UGR), Spain 17.69 25.23
461 Catalan Institution for Research and Advanced Studies (ICREA), Spain 18.73 25.09
462 University of Victoria (UVic), Canada 24.71 25.08
463 The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), United States of America (USA) 15.58 25.07
464 Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC), United States of America (USA) 13.75 25
465 Cleveland Clinic, United States of America (USA) 32.15 24.91
466 Georgetown University, United States of America (USA) 14.3 24.9
467 Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology (RMIT University), Australia 21.62 24.87
468 University of Pisa (UNIPI), Italy 16.57 24.75
469 Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU), Germany 19.5 24.72
470 University of Leicester, United Kingdom (UK) 30.07 24.6
471 University of Milan (UNIMI), Italy 26.3 24.48
472 Kyung Hee University (KHU), South Korea 27.74 24.23
473 National Cheng Kung University (NCKU), Taiwan 23.71 24.2
474 University of Nevada, Reno (UNR), United States of America (USA) 23.49 24.14
475 Dalhousie University, Canada 26.89 24.13
476 University of Milano-Bicocca (UNIMIB), Italy 29.47 24.08
477 University of Reading, United Kingdom (UK) 29.54 23.98
478 Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR), Netherlands 23.9 23.98
479 Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway 29.59 23.95
480 École Normale Supérieure (ENS Paris), France 25.61 23.91
481 Zhengzhou University (ZZU), China 26.23 23.81
482 Laval University (UL), Canada 31.06 23.65
483 International School for Advanced Studies (ISAS), Italy 25.16 23.58
484 European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF), France 21.24 23.57
485 University of Arkansas (UARK), United States of America (USA) 22.65 23.44
486 Texas Tech University (TTU), United States of America (USA) 15.09 23.42
487 Wuhan University of Technology (WUT), China 15.72 23.26
488 Department of Atomic Energy (DAE), India 18.09 23.08
489 Netherlands Cancer Institute (NKI), Netherlands 19.55 23
490 National Research Center Kurchatov Institute (NRCKI), Russia 21.97 22.84
491 Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute (SBP), United States of America (USA) 21.21 22.72
492 China Academy of Engineering Physics (CAEP), China 15.78 22.5
493 Hefei University of Technology (HFUT), China 8.19 22.49
494 Syracuse University, United States of America (USA) 23.09 22.46
495 John Innes Centre (JIC), United Kingdom (UK) 16.87 22.44
496 U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), United States of America (USA) 19.16 22.34
497 Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC), Canada 30.67 22.29
498 Heriot-Watt University, United Kingdom (UK) 21.47 22.15
499 University of Wrocław (UWr), Poland 19.72 22.03
500 University of Zaragoza (Unizar), Spain 22.32 22.02

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. It is important for users to understand that the data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, that they cover the natural sciences only and that outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output). We encourage users to combine the free-to-access Nature Index data with information from other sources.

The annual tables for 2019 represent a set of data frozen on 13 May 2019. The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted FC accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. FC values have been adjusted to 2018 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.

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