2017 tables: Institutions

Table criteria

The 2017 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2016 to 31 December 2016.

2016 Institution Share 2015 Share 2016
1 Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), China 1,617.39 1,589.88
2 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 883.03 876.04
3 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 794.03 770.09
4 Max Planck Society, Germany 745.30 766.40
5 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 636.27 603.86
6 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 567.76 580.33
7 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 541.52 528.91
8 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 438.28 466.85
9 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 432.89 438.52
10 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 527.00 427.14
11 Peking University (PKU), China 369.67 386.50
12 University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 426.81 384.78
13 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 377.17 355.01
14 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 338.34 349.15
15 National Institutes of Health (NIH), United States of America (USA) 391.01 342.16
16 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 363.83 333.41
17 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 345.08 328.07
18 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 368.46 321.43
19 Nanjing University (NJU), China 290.48 319.47
20 Tsinghua University, China 278.84 315.87
21 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 325.91 313.30
22 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 287.13 307.03
23 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 328.52 291.99
24 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 269.04 288.86
25 Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA) 302.78 284.07
26 University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), China 261.56 275.75
27 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 296.28 267.88
28 Kyoto University, Japan 311.72 264.41
29 University of Pennsylvania (Penn), United States of America (USA) 312.66 260.77
30 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 281.28 259.89
31 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 269.21 257.65
32 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 266.33 251.23
33 Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 263.38 244.10
34 Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore 254.33 234.67
35 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 228.57 234.26
36 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 243.06 233.72
37 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 253.18 228.83
38 Zhejiang University (ZJU), China 222.83 220.35
39 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 222.99 216.15
40 Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain 235.76 211.55
41 Duke University, United States of America (USA) 213.84 210.00
42 National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore 212.58 209.52
43 Leibniz Association, Germany 222.03 208.50
44 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 211.59 208.41
45 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 207.29 203.43
46 UCL, United Kingdom (UK) 224.31 203.08
47 University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), United States of America (USA) 208.12 201.42
48 Osaka University, Japan 206.39 196.71
49 Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL), United States of America (USA) 184.49 193.58
50 University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA) 216.45 188.13
51 Fudan University, China 209.78 184.54
52 The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), United States of America (USA) 180.45 182.62
53 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 181.05 181.49
54 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 171.74 181.09
55 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), United States of America (USA) 187.12 180.12
56 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 190.87 176.21
57 Tohoku University, Japan 194.63 175.48
58 McGill University, Canada 190.41 174.11
59 Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Russia 161.38 172.05
60 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 196.92 169.17
61 New York University (NYU), United States of America (USA) 176.99 167.13
62 Seoul National University (SNU), South Korea 166.96 165.97
63 University of California, Irvine (UCI), United States of America (USA) 129.81 164.50
64 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS), China 110.38 159.07
65 Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), South Korea 156.06 157.77
66 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (RU), United States of America (USA) 135.19 156.71
67 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 167.65 156.60
68 RIKEN, Japan 151.88 155.91
69 Scripps Research, United States of America (USA) 139.12 153.80
70 Nankai University (NKU), China 157.34 152.94
71 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 133.90 151.21
72 National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), United States of America (USA) 125.69 151.14
73 Soochow University, China 140.28 150.07
74 Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), United States of America (USA) 167.21 145.87
75 The Ohio State University (OSU), United States of America (USA) 157.55 145.71
76 Purdue University, United States of America (USA) 152.11 145.62
77 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 125.38 145.31
78 University of California, Davis (UC Davis), United States of America (USA) 177.02 145.03
79 University of Pittsburgh (Pitt), United States of America (USA) 135.05 144.89
80 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 118.90 144.15
81 Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), Japan 140.83 138.03
82 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 144.36 136.19
83 Texas A&M University (TAMU), United States of America (USA) 161.19 135.74
84 University of Southern California (USC), United States of America (USA) 144.91 134.66
85 Nagoya University, Japan 148.32 132.62
86 Monash University, Australia 118.12 132.44
87 The University of British Columbia (UBC), Canada 154.94 130.36
88 Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU), China 107.26 128.21
89 The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center (UT Southwestern Medical Center), United States of America (USA) 127.13 128.10
90 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 128.62 126.49
91 National Research Council (CNR), Italy 139.34 126.30
92 Xiamen University (XMU), China 119.69 124.40
93 Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), United States of America (USA) 106.91 122.85
94 University of New South Wales (UNSW Sydney), Australia 113.92 122.29
95 Wuhan University (WHU), China 114.67 122.07
96 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 123.77 121.72
97 Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HUJI), Israel 123.99 121.21
98 National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN), Italy 124.74 120.30
99 Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology (BIST), Spain 98.66 119.22
100 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 131.35 119.03
101 The University of Queensland (UQ), Australia 146.87 118.91
102 Hokkaido University, Japan 119.43 118.32
103 Sun Yat-sen University (SYSU), China 125.08 117.48
104 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 116.30 116.98
105 Vanderbilt University (VU), United States of America (USA) 129.67 116.00
106 Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium 106.97 115.13
107 Indiana University (IU), United States of America (USA) 105.09 114.69
108 The French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), France 115.87 114.46
109 Kyushu University, Japan 92.77 113.98
110 University of Florida (UF), United States of America (USA) 146.68 113.67
111 Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), India 116.95 112.03
112 Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), United States of America (USA) 127.47 111.22
113 Boston University (BU), United States of America (USA) 113.38 111.01
114 The University of Utah (Utah), United States of America (USA) 120.61 109.49
115 King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Saudi Arabia 92.29 107.96
116 Technion-Israel Institute of Technology (IIT), Israel 105.70 106.64
117 University of Alberta (U of A), Canada 112.86 106.42
118 Rice University, United States of America (USA) 115.85 105.57
119 Sorbonne University, France 117.38 105.52
120 University of Groningen (RUG), Netherlands 103.86 104.36
121 University of Basel (UB), Switzerland 91.58 102.61
122 Australian National University (ANU), Australia 105.14 102.56
123 University of Münster (WWU), Germany 106.73 102.36
124 Sichuan University (SCU), China 98.82 101.98
125 Lanzhou University (LZU), China 96.31 101.21
126 The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST), China 100.65 101.19
127 Emory University, United States of America (USA) 92.71 101.10
128 University of Würzburg (JMU), Germany 120.45 100.59
129 Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), South Korea 110.79 100.18
130 The University of Melbourne (UniMelb), Australia 103.45 100.16
131 University of California, Riverside (UCR), United States of America (USA) 106.42 99.09
132 National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), United States of America (USA) 93.07 98.32
133 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), United States of America (USA) 88.63 98.16
134 University of Göttingen, Germany 106.02 97.99
135 Lund University (LU), Sweden 99.51 95.93
136 Arizona State University (ASU), United States of America (USA) 108.58 95.65
137 Radboud University Nijmegen (RU), Netherlands 71.66 95.43
138 The Rockefeller University, United States of America (USA) 103.87 95.40
139 Aarhus University (AU), Denmark 87.15 95.10
140 Uppsala University (UU), Sweden 94.29 94.95
141 Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), United States of America (USA) 103.16 94.62
142 Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), Germany 78.94 94.15
143 U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), United States of America (USA) 100.81 93.83
144 Baylor College of Medicine (BCM), United States of America (USA) 104.51 93.45
145 The University of Arizona (Arizona), United States of America (USA) 103.94 92.91
146 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 74.98 92.63
147 Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST), China 86.82 91.91
148 National Taiwan University (NTU), Taiwan 115.83 91.82
149 RWTH Aachen University (RWTH Aachen), Germany 89.62 91.71
150 Yonsei University, South Korea 102.75 91.10
151 National Institute for Health and Medical Research (INSERM), France 99.23 90.82
152 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 93.16 90.76
153 Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC), United States of America (USA) 90.47 90.56
154 Jilin University (JLU), China 103.60 89.93
155 Shandong University (SDU), China 76.19 89.69
156 University of Bonn (Uni Bonn), Germany 95.60 88.73
157 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 78.74 88.33
158 Free University of Berlin (FU Berlin), Germany 103.10 86.95
159 East China University of Science and Technology (ECUST), China 98.69 86.90
160 Indian Institute of Science (IISc), India 91.76 86.77
161 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, United States of America (USA) 77.59 85.99
162 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), United States of America (USA) 69.39 84.83
163 Dresden University of Technology (TU Dresden), Germany 86.41 84.81
164 North Carolina State University (NCSU), United States of America (USA) 93.24 84.00
165 Case Western Reserve University (CWRU), United States of America (USA) 83.47 83.12
166 University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU), Germany 98.79 82.74
167 Hunan University (HNU), China 99.35 82.74
168 The University of Iowa (UI), United States of America (USA) 89.38 81.86
169 Leiden University, Netherlands 86.38 81.25
170 State University of New York at Stony Brook (SUNY Stony Brook), United States of America (USA) 108.04 81.14
171 The University of Warwick (Warwick), United Kingdom (UK) 78.83 81.09
172 Brown University, United States of America (USA) 89.83 80.64
173 University of Massachusetts Amherst (UMass Amherst), United States of America (USA) 88.75 80.19
174 The University of Sydney (USYD), Australia 80.04 79.34
175 The University of Georgia (UGA), United States of America (USA) 73.88 79.33
176 Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT), China 61.96 78.45
177 University of Rochester (UR), United States of America (USA) 76.67 77.92
178 South China University of Technology (SCUT), China 59.93 77.86
179 Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Denmark 77.55 77.80
180 Stockholm University, Sweden 94.87 77.43
181 National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Japan 95.76 77.31
182 University of Amsterdam (UvA), Netherlands 62.33 77.27
183 Academia Sinica, Taiwan 77.54 76.88
184 East China Normal University (ECNU), China 85.84 76.76
185 Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), United States of America (USA) 84.85 76.67
186 Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM), Spain 69.93 76.44
187 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 94.79 76.15
188 Beijing Normal University (BNU), China 72.58 76.03
189 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), United States of America (USA) 79.56 75.95
190 Tel Aviv University (TAU), Israel 92.07 75.80
191 Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), Singapore 88.48 75.69
192 University of Regensburg (UR), Germany 74.09 75.58
193 Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU), South Korea 83.24 75.04
194 University of Freiburg (Uni Freiburg), Germany 92.25 74.76
195 Czech Academy of Sciences (CAS), Czech Republic 70.46 74.51
196 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 83.95 73.98
197 Karolinska Institute (KI), Sweden 73.20 73.86
198 U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), United States of America (USA) 80.26 73.84
199 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 90.44 73.34
200 Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU), China 58.51 73.28
201 The University of Hong Kong (HKU), China 67.43 72.87
202 Mount Sinai Health System (MSHS), United States of America (USA) 61.33 72.64
203 University of Virginia (UVA), United States of America (USA) 67.70 72.03
204 University of Paris-Sud (UPSud), France 76.75 71.87
205 University of Barcelona (UB), Spain 68.90 71.72
206 University of Waterloo, Canada 86.21 71.51
207 University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen), Germany 81.88 71.47
208 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 72.05 71.45
209 Humboldt University of Berlin (HU Berlin), Germany 87.61 71.35
210 University of Nebraska-Lincoln (UNL), United States of America (USA) 63.71 70.99
211 Institute for Basic Science (IBS), South Korea 61.95 70.81
212 Michigan State University (MSU), United States of America (USA) 67.02 70.73
213 Florida State University (FSU), United States of America (USA) 62.64 69.72
214 University of Cologne (UoC), Germany 58.79 69.62
215 Tianjin University (TJU), China 91.60 69.54
216 University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 55.10 69.22
217 Ghent University (UGent), Belgium 70.94 68.87
218 University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC), United States of America (USA) 70.76 68.84
219 Keio University, Japan 56.86 68.69
220 The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom (UK) 79.11 68.35
221 Goethe University Frankfurt (GU), Germany 72.16 68.12
222 University of Paris, France 88.35 67.55
223 National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Japan 82.95 67.48
224 Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e), Netherlands 52.46 67.20
225 University of Bern (UniBE), Switzerland 71.83 66.98
226 The University of Nottingham (UoN), United Kingdom (UK) 69.11 66.84
227 Southeast University (SEU), China 40.35 66.07
228 University of Notre Dame (ND), United States of America (USA) 77.37 65.54
229 University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMass Medical School), United States of America (USA) 68.42 65.06
230 University at Buffalo, The State University of New York (SUNY UB), United States of America (USA) 55.95 65.01
231 The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK), China 61.64 64.95
232 University of Strasbourg, France 63.26 64.72
233 University of Ottawa (uOttawa), Canada 60.11 64.44
234 University of Montreal (UdeM), Canada 68.52 63.53
235 Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin), Germany 65.76 63.33
236 Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), South Korea 62.38 63.00
237 Korea University, South Korea 63.51 62.39
238 University of Tsukuba, Japan 57.71 61.92
239 University of Vienna, Austria 53.53 61.46
240 University of Oregon (UO), United States of America (USA) 51.88 61.25
241 Iowa State University, United States of America (USA) 74.14 60.92
242 University of Cincinnati (UC), United States of America (USA) 62.16 60.79
243 University of Oslo (UiO), Norway 45.06 60.56
244 Tongji University, China 59.72 59.76
245 Colorado State University, United States of America (USA) 57.97 58.93
246 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech), United States of America (USA) 66.06 58.75
247 National Tsing Hua University (NTHU), Taiwan 78.87 58.61
248 Grenoble Alpes University (UGA), France 52.79 57.95
249 Oregon State University, United States of America (USA) 58.76 57.50
250 University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC), United States of America (USA) 66.24 57.31
251 People's Liberation Army (PLA), China 43.99 56.79
252 Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU), United States of America (USA) 44.96 56.70
253 University of Hawai'i at Manoa (UH Mānoa), United States of America (USA) 53.15 56.56
254 VU Amsterdam, Netherlands 46.75 56.24
255 Temple University, United States of America (USA) 40.24 56.09
256 University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Spain 45.38 56.09
257 University of Houston (UH), United States of America (USA) 59.38 55.66
258 University of Miami (UM), United States of America (USA) 50.16 55.54
259 Ruhr University Bochum (RUB), Germany 59.79 55.38
260 Medical Research Council (MRC), United Kingdom (UK) 57.98 55.07
261 University of Bayreuth (UBT), Germany 46.23 54.99
262 University of Calgary (U of C), Canada 62.18 54.45
263 University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 60.63 54.34
264 Mayo Clinic, United States of America (USA) 46.90 54.01
265 Beijing Institute of Technology (BIT), China 30.21 53.84
266 European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Switzerland 63.25 53.80
267 Homi Bhabha National Institute (HBNI), India 46.25 53.25
268 Albert Einstein College of Medicine (Einstein), United States of America (USA) 63.61 53.07
269 The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Australia 59.71 52.37
270 Hanyang University (HYU), South Korea 45.16 52.14
271 University of Helsinki, Finland 58.32 51.70
272 Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IIT Bombay), India 44.04 50.94
273 KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden 57.55 50.77
274 University of Toulouse, France 58.88 50.72
275 University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus (CU Anschutz), United States of America (USA) 47.60 50.62
276 University of Lausanne (UNIL), Switzerland 46.46 50.47
277 Salk Institute for Biological Studies (Salk), United States of America (USA) 53.73 50.40
278 University of São Paulo (USP), Brazil 48.37 50.22
279 Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI), Switzerland 45.23 50.04
280 Beihang University (BUAA), China 44.88 50.01
281 University of Valencia (UV), Spain 46.29 49.71
282 University of Birmingham (UB), United Kingdom (UK) 51.12 49.62
283 University of Konstanz, Germany 43.99 49.45
284 McMaster University, Canada 52.51 49.30
285 Tufts University, United States of America (USA) 43.95 49.23
286 Wayne State University, United States of America (USA) 46.33 49.21
287 National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), United States of America (USA) 32.19 49.01
288 Polish Academy of Sciences (PAS), Poland 58.40 49.00
289 Vienna University of Technology (TU Wien), Austria 50.47 48.87
290 University of Lyon, France 53.11 48.68
291 Cardiff University, United Kingdom (UK) 37.54 48.44
292 St. Jude Children's Research Hospital (St. Jude), United States of America (USA) 42.30 48.43
293 Beijing University of Chemical Technology (BUCT), China 42.83 48.08
294 The University of Dublin, Ireland 43.95 47.66
295 Leipzig University, Germany 44.68 47.34
296 University of Delaware (UD), United States of America (USA) 57.04 47.22
297 University of Stuttgart, Germany 59.94 47.00
298 Aix-Marseille University (AMU), France 47.39 46.98
299 Brandeis University, United States of America (USA) 40.99 46.80
300 University of Connecticut (UConn), United States of America (USA) 63.81 46.24
301 Aalto University, Finland 55.77 45.73
302 European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Germany 47.65 45.66
303 Dalian University of Technology (DUT), China 71.96 45.60
304 Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Belgium 38.74 45.53
305 Philipps University of Marburg (Uni Marburg), Germany 53.08 45.41
306 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), United States of America (USA) 41.86 45.18
307 HHMI Janelia Research Campus, United States of America (USA) 51.71 44.98
308 The University of Kansas (KU), United States of America (USA) 45.85 44.85
309 The Francis Crick Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 54.75 44.79
310 Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), India 48.02 44.60
311 Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), United Kingdom (UK) 49.16 44.58
312 The City University of New York (CUNY), United States of America (USA) 51.30 44.42
313 Western University (UWO), Canada 34.14 44.20
314 Smithsonian Institution, United States of America (USA) 40.82 44.17
315 University of York, United Kingdom (UK) 49.81 44.13
316 F. Hoffmann-La Roche AG, Switzerland 45.66 43.91
317 Sandia National Laboratories, United States of America (USA) 55.29 43.78
318 City University of Hong Kong (CityU), China 41.55 43.65
319 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 52.77 43.64
320 University of South Florida (USF), United States of America (USA) 37.14 43.54
321 Central China Normal University (CCNU), China 30.71 43.50
322 Friedrich Schiller University Jena (FSU), Germany 44.50 43.21
323 University of Montpellier, France 47.14 43.08
324 Southwest University (SWU), China 47.91 43.01
325 IBM Corporation, United States of America (USA) 62.14 42.90
326 Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU), Russia 38.01 42.63
327 Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU), Israel 52.52 42.48
328 Nanjing Tech University (NanjingTech), China 26.85 42.45
329 National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and Environment (INRAE), France 38.75 42.26
330 Carnegie Institution for Science (CIS), United States of America (USA) 42.45 42.20
331 National Scientific and Technical Research Council (CONICET), Argentina 39.06 41.79
332 Scientific Institute for Research, Hospitalization and Healthcare (IRCCS), Italy 52.58 41.41
333 Novartis International AG, Switzerland 48.57 41.29
334 The University of New Mexico (UNM), United States of America (USA) 47.08 41.00
335 The University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB), United States of America (USA) 31.60 40.44
336 The University of Tennessee at Knoxville (UTK), United States of America (USA) 41.02 40.21
337 Technical University of Darmstadt (TU Darmstadt), Germany 27.95 40.16
338 Chalmers University of Technology (Chalmers), Sweden 60.84 40.15
339 University of Kiel (CAU), Germany 41.06 39.91
340 University of Maryland, Baltimore (UMB), United States of America (USA) 41.08 39.80
341 The University of Oklahoma (OU), United States of America (USA) 43.30 39.75
342 Dartmouth College, United States of America (USA) 47.19 39.71
343 Newcastle University, United Kingdom (UK) 40.33 39.64
344 University of Lisbon (ULISBOA), Portugal 32.02 39.59
345 Pasteur Institute, France 34.82 39.22
346 Complutense University of Madrid (UCM), Spain 38.86 39.11
347 Hungarian Academy of Sciences (HAS), Hungary 42.25 38.93
348 The University of Akron (UAkron), United States of America (USA) 37.93 38.88
349 National Chiao Tung University (NCTU), Taiwan 38.53 38.57
350 University of Kentucky (UK), United States of America (USA) 39.23 38.45
351 University of Padova (UNIPD), Italy 44.71 38.42
352 National Institute for Astrophysics (INAF), Italy 39.77 37.99
353 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Pune (IISER Pune), India 29.04 37.81
354 Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), United States of America (USA) 42.30 37.75
355 Ulm University, Germany 38.43 37.68
356 Chiba University, Japan 19.07 37.65
357 University of Innsbruck (LFU), Austria 28.61 37.62
358 Sapienza University of Rome, Italy 49.45 37.41
359 Curtin University, Australia 29.16 37.35
360 China University of Geosciences (CUG), China 22.79 37.19
361 University of South Carolina - Columbia (SC), United States of America (USA) 44.29 36.91
362 Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU), United States of America (USA) 32.44 36.87
363 Northeastern University (NEU), United States of America (USA) 41.94 36.83
364 National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico 41.87 36.69
365 Catholic University of Louvain (UCLouvain), Belgium 30.65 36.33
366 Flanders Institute for Biotechnology (VIB), Belgium 25.81 36.02
367 University of Bath, United Kingdom (UK) 44.99 35.94
368 Italian Institute of Technology (IIT), Italy 48.01 35.75
369 Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center (FHCRC), United States of America (USA) 30.41 35.72
370 The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU), China 28.77 35.42
371 University of Duisburg-Essen (UDE), Germany 35.93 35.15
372 NWO-I, the Institutes Organisation of NWO, Netherlands 39.31 35.02
373 Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI), United States of America (USA) 27.09 34.99
374 University of Potsdam, Germany 30.85 34.96
375 Shandong Normal University (SDNU), China 26.33 34.39
376 University of Science and Technology Beijing (USTB), China 29.89 34.36
377 Louisiana State University (LSU), United States of America (USA) 48.39 34.26
378 University of Missouri (Mizzou), United States of America (USA) 29.82 34.23
379 The University of Adelaide (Adelaide Uni), Australia 38.20 34.21
380 University of Gothenburg (GU), Sweden 34.34 34.17
381 Washington State University (WSU), United States of America (USA) 32.24 34.17
382 The University of Western Australia (UWA), Australia 48.68 34.09
383 Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics (PI), Canada 47.84 33.70
384 University of Warsaw (UW), Poland 37.18 33.61
385 University of Santiago de Compostela (USC), Spain 31.23 33.43
386 Simon Fraser University (SFU), Canada 28.08 33.41
387 National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV), Italy 33.36 33.11
388 Wageningen University & Research (WUR), Netherlands 35.87 32.89
389 Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf (HHU), Germany 37.77 32.84
390 Ewha Womans University (Ewha), South Korea 33.91 32.82
391 Shanghai University (SHU), China 35.24 32.68
392 Institute of Research for Development (IRD), France 29.37 32.68
393 Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST), South Korea 41.51 32.52
394 Austrian Academy of Sciences (ÖAW), Austria 26.95 32.37
395 University of Bordeaux, France 38.39 32.37
396 Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (EAWAG), Switzerland 31.98 32.29
397 University of Bologna (UNIBO), Italy 29.04 32.21
398 Bar-Ilan University (BIU), Israel 32.63 32.11
399 The University of Texas at Dallas (UT Dallas), United States of America (USA) 34.49 31.79
400 University of Otago, New Zealand 33.75 31.78
401 University of Saskatchewan (U of S), Canada 36.69 31.42
402 University of Dundee, United Kingdom (UK) 22.00 31.38
403 AstraZeneca plc, United Kingdom (UK) 24.04 31.19
404 University of Twente (UTwente), Netherlands 29.67 31.17
405 Hiroshima University (HU), Japan 39.97 31.10
406 U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, United States of America (USA) 34.30 30.90
407 Chongqing University (CQU), China 35.22 30.66
408 Southern University of Science and Technology (SUSTech), China 16.45 30.64
409 University of Sussex, United Kingdom (UK) 33.19 30.58
410 Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), United Kingdom (UK) 32.72 30.56
411 Boston College (BC), United States of America (USA) 25.57 30.51
412 National Institute of Applied Sciences (INSA), France 37.42 30.49
413 Kobe University, Japan 27.67 30.21
414 Linköping University (LiU), Sweden 38.25 30.10
415 University of Wollongong (UOW), Australia 25.14 29.91
416 Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College (CAMS & PUMC), China 27.28 29.76
417 Merck & Co., Inc., United States of America (USA) 26.32 29.74
418 Queen's University, Canada 40.13 29.58
419 Clemson University, United States of America (USA) 24.63 29.46
420 TU Dortmund University, Germany 22.92 29.45
421 Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR), India 28.97 29.44
422 National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), United States of America (USA) 39.19 29.06
423 Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science (IACS), India 43.80 29.00
424 Vienna Biocenter (VBC), Austria 15.58 28.96
425 Kanazawa University (KU), Japan 19.12 28.96
426 Charles University (CU), Czech Republic 29.52 28.81
427 Fuzhou University (FZU), China 34.04 28.62
428 National Institutes of Natural Sciences (NINS), Japan 44.41 28.60
429 Drexel University, United States of America (USA) 29.19 28.60
430 University of Antwerp (UA), Belgium 29.29 28.48
431 State University of New York at Albany (SUNY Albany), United States of America (USA) 17.67 28.24
432 Pfizer Inc., United States of America (USA) 20.58 28.05
433 Northwest University (NWU), China 19.92 28.02
434 Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur (IIT Kanpur), India 29.73 28.02
435 Department of Atomic Energy (DAE), India 24.49 27.96
436 Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC), Japan 21.56 27.45
437 University of Strathclyde, United Kingdom (UK) 32.09 27.44
438 University of Oviedo (UniOvi), Spain 25.01 27.40
439 Leibniz University Hannover (LUH), Germany 36.20 27.32
440 University of Liège (ULg), Belgium 19.10 27.20
441 University of Florence (UNIFI), Italy 36.15 27.12
442 University of Turin (UNITO), Italy 37.50 27.08
443 Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST), South Korea 29.30 26.78
444 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), United States of America (USA) 29.51 26.78
445 Saarland University (Saar-Uni), Germany 26.61 26.71
446 University of Bremen (Uni Bremen), Germany 33.48 26.67
447 China Agricultural University (CAU), China 20.67 26.53
448 Waseda University, Japan 31.25 26.51
449 Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IIT Madras), India 19.70 26.22
450 Wellcome Sanger Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 30.49 25.89
451 Institute for Advanced Study (IAS), United States of America (USA) 23.98 25.86
452 University of Sherbrooke (USherbrooke), Canada 33.29 25.82
453 Jagiellonian University (UJ), Poland 31.30 25.76
454 Okayama University, Japan 35.13 25.76
455 Queen's University Belfast (QUB), United Kingdom (UK) 37.15 25.70
456 The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth), United States of America (USA) 29.21 25.67
457 Pusan National University (PNU), South Korea 18.87 25.62
458 Central South University (CSU), China 28.15 25.56
459 Technical University Braunschweig (TU Braunschweig), Germany 26.43 25.55
460 Umeå University (UMU), Sweden 36.50 25.52
461 University of Naples Federico II (UNINA), Italy 33.98 25.51
462 Nanjing University of Science and Technology (NUST), China 20.13 25.51
463 Northeast Normal University (NENU), China 36.22 25.50
464 University of Central Florida (UCF), United States of America (USA) 22.53 25.44
465 Catalan Institution for Research and Advanced Studies (ICREA), Spain 18.73 25.09
466 The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), United States of America (USA) 15.58 25.07
467 University of Victoria (UVic), Canada 24.71 25.03
468 Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC), United States of America (USA) 13.75 25.00
469 Cleveland Clinic, United States of America (USA) 32.15 24.91
470 Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology (RMIT University), Australia 21.62 24.87
471 University of Pisa (UNIPI), Italy 16.57 24.75
472 Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU), Germany 19.50 24.63
473 University of Granada (UGR), Spain 17.45 24.52
474 University of Milan (UNIMI), Italy 26.30 24.46
475 University of Leicester, United Kingdom (UK) 29.84 24.40
476 Kyung Hee University (KHU), South Korea 27.77 24.23
477 National Cheng Kung University (NCKU), Taiwan 23.71 24.20
478 University of Nevada, Reno (UNR), United States of America (USA) 23.49 24.14
479 University of Milano-Bicocca (UNIMIB), Italy 29.47 24.08
480 École Normale Supérieure (ENS Paris), France 25.23 24.01
481 Zhengzhou University (ZZU), China 26.62 23.99
482 Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR), Netherlands 23.90 23.98
483 Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway 29.59 23.95
484 Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB), Spain 32.70 23.93
485 University of Reading, United Kingdom (UK) 29.41 23.86
486 Dalhousie University, Canada 26.49 23.84
487 Laval University (UL), Canada 31.06 23.65
488 Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati (SISSA), Italy 25.16 23.58
489 European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF), France 21.24 23.57
490 University of Arkansas (UARK), United States of America (USA) 22.65 23.44
491 Texas Tech University (TTU), United States of America (USA) 15.09 23.42
492 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Bhopal (IISER Bhopal), India 26.44 23.39
493 Wuhan University of Technology (WUT), China 15.72 23.26
494 Netherlands Cancer Institute (NKI), Netherlands 19.55 23.00
495 National Research Center Kurchatov Institute (NRCKI), Russia 21.97 22.84
496 Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute (SBP), United States of America (USA) 21.17 22.79
497 Georgetown University, United States of America (USA) 12.26 22.67
498 Hefei University of Technology (HFUT), China 8.19 22.49
499 China Academy of Engineering Physics (CAEP), China 15.73 22.47
500 Syracuse University, United States of America (USA) 23.09 22.46

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.