2017 tables: Institutions - physical sciences - academic

The 2017 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2016 to 31 December 2016.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2015 Share 2016 Count 2016 Change in Adjusted Share 2015-2016*
1 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 56.63 67.12 194 21.3%
2 Technion-Israel Institute of Technology (IIT), Israel 54.15 56.85 161 7.5%
3 King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Saudi Arabia 31.23 47.94 102 57.2%
4 Tel Aviv University (TAU), Israel 43.41 37.19 156 -12.3%
5 Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HUJI), Israel 36.76 34.97 77 -2.6%
6 Bar-Ilan University (BIU), Israel 10.02 13.74 34 40.3%
7 Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU), Israel 17.02 12.77 28 -23.2%
8 Bilkent University, Turkey 9.52 10.62 22 14.2%
9 Shiraz University, Iran 5.67 10.27 16 85.6%
10 University of the Punjab, Pakistan 2.08 7.80 16 283.9%
11 Yerevan State University (YSU), Armenia 6.91 5.47 152 -19.0%
12 COMSATS University Islamabad (CUI), Pakistan 6.07 5.37 35 -9.3%
13 Ferdowsi University of Mashhad (FUM), Iran 0.73 4.46 6 522.3%
14 University of Kurdistan, Iran 0.83 3.96 6 386.2%
15 University of Tehran (UT), Iran 7.17 3.59 35 -48.8%
16 Shahid Beheshti University (SBU), Iran 5.98 3.53 14 -39.5%
16 Tarbiat Modares University (TMU), Iran 1.00 3.53 5 261.6%
17 Hamad Bin Khalifa University (HBKU), Qatar 1.08 3.51 6 234.0%
18 Başkent University, Turkey 1.00 3.45 5 253.1%
19 Isfahan University of Technology (IUT), Iran 4.92 3.24 37 -32.5%
20 Middle East Technical University (METU), Turkey 3.77 3.24 63 -12.1%
21 Sharif University of Technology (SUT), Iran 1.13 3.15 7 186.7%
22 Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University, Iran 2.38 3.13 4 34.7%
23 Government College University (GCU), Pakistan 0.36 2.56 4 633.5%
24 University of Management and Technology (UMT), Pakistan 1.50 2.25 4 53.5%
25 Istanbul Technical University (ITU), Turkey 1.91 2.14 56 14.8%
26 Boğaziçi University (BU), Turkey 1.67 2.12 124 29.8%
27 King Abdulaziz University (KAU), Saudi Arabia 5.31 2.06 50 -60.2%
28 Sabanci University (SU), Turkey 1.91 3 N/A
29 National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST), Pakistan 2.59 1.90 3 -24.9%
30 Ariel University (AU), Israel 1.90 1.81 5 -2.6%
31 King Saud University (KSU), Saudi Arabia 1.11 1.77 12 63.1%
32 Islamic Azad University (IAU), Iran 1.67 1.67 33 2.5%
33 Khalifa University of Science and Technology, United Arab Emirates 1.46 1.61 5 13.0%
34 Koç University (KU), Turkey 1.08 1.45 3 36.6%
35 Nazarbayev University (NU), Kazakhstan 1.54 1.41 6 -6.3%
36 Quaid-i-Azam University (QAU), Pakistan 0.76 1.35 56 81.6%
37 Ankara University, Turkey 0.43 1.34 77 220.0%
38 Qatar University, Qatar 0.43 1.25 5 195.9%
39 American University of Beirut (AUB), Lebanon 1.00 1.25 2 27.9%
40 Open University of Israel (OPENU), Israel 0.25 1.23 3 402.8%
41 University of Haifa (HU), Israel 0.67 1.19 4 83.1%
42 Kuwait University (KU), Kuwait 1.50 1.08 2 -26.1%
42 L.N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University (ENU), Kazakhstan 2.78 1.08 2 -60.2%
43 Izmir Institute of Technology (IZTECH), Turkey 1.00 1.05 31 7.2%
44 Doğuş University (DOU), Turkey 0.86 1.03 34 22.5%
45 Kocaeli University, Turkey 1.00 1.00 1 2.4%
45 Karamanoğlu Mehmetbey University (KMU), Turkey 1.00 1 N/A
45 University of Guilan (GU), Iran 1.00 1 N/A
45 University of Qom, Iran 1.00 1 N/A
45 Tafresh University, Iran 1.00 1 N/A
45 Ilam University, Iran 1.00 1 N/A
45 İstanbul Yeni Yüzyıl Üniversitesi, Turkey 1.00 1 N/A
46 Yazd University, Iran 0.75 2 N/A
47 Pakistan Institute of Engineering and Applied Sciences (PIEAS), Pakistan 0.29 0.75 1 163.2%
47 University of Nizwa, Oman 0.75 0.75 2 2.4%
48 American University of the Middle East (AUM), Kuwait 0.42 0.71 2 74.9%
49 Bu-Ali Sina University, Iran 0.25 0.67 1 172.9%
49 United Arab Emirates University (UAEU), United Arab Emirates 0.71 0.67 2 -3.7%
50 Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University (TSU), Georgia 1.90 0.62 123 -66.6%
51 Çukurova University, Turkey 1.12 0.58 52 -46.9%
52 ORT Braude College of Engineering (OBC), Israel 0.26 0.51 5 99.2%
53 Lahore University of Management Sciences (LUMS), Pakistan 0.67 0.50 4 -22.9%
54 Russian-Armenian University (RAU), Armenia 0.50 1 N/A
54 Lorestan University, Iran 0.50 1 N/A
54 University of Kashan, Iran 0.50 1 N/A
54 Majmaah University (MU), Saudi Arabia 0.50 1 N/A
54 Kharazmi University, Iran 0.50 1 N/A
54 University of Education, Pakistan 0.50 2 N/A
54 Arak University, Iran 0.50 1 N/A
54 Sakarya University, Turkey 0.50 1 N/A
55 Carnegie Mellon University in Qatar, Qatar 0.31 0.46 5 50.3%
56 Al-Farabi Kazakh National University (KazNU), Kazakhstan 1.68 0.44 1 -73.0%
57 Ilia State University, Georgia 0.39 0.44 25 13.6%
58 Selcuk University, Turkey 0.07 0.43 1 514.1%
59 Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences (IASBS), Iran 0.61 0.41 5 -31.0%
60 Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences (SBMU), Iran 0.41 3 N/A
61 Alzahra University, Iran 0.25 0.37 2 53.5%
62 Gazi University, Turkey 0.58 0.33 2 -40.9%
63 Yalova University, Turkey 0.33 1 N/A
63 Damghan University, Iran 0.20 0.33 1 70.6%
63 Qassim University (QU), Saudi Arabia 0.33 1 N/A
63 Prince Mohammad bin Fahd University (PMU), Saudi Arabia 0.33 1 N/A
63 Razi University, Iran 0.33 1 N/A
63 Baku State University, Azerbaijan 0.33 1 N/A
64 Antalya International University, Turkey 0.25 0.30 1 22.8%
65 Lebanese University (LU), Lebanon 0.03 0.27 3 968.5%
66 Lahore College for Women University (LCWU), Pakistan 0.07 0.25 1 258.2%
66 Islamia University of Bahawalpur Pakistan (IUB), Pakistan 0.25 1 N/A
66 Kohat University of Science and Technology (KUST), Pakistan 0.25 1 N/A
66 Sinop University, Turkey 0.25 1 N/A
66 Damascus University, Syria 0.25 1 N/A
66 Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University (SRTTU), Iran 0.25 1 N/A
66 Hazara University, Pakistan 0.25 1 N/A
67 American University of Sharjah (AUS), United Arab Emirates 0.13 0.24 2 92.2%
68 University of Tabuk (UT), Saudi Arabia 0.15 0.20 9 41.8%
69 National University of Uzbekistan, Uzbekistan 0.19 1 N/A
70 Higher Colleges of Technology (HCT), United Arab Emirates 0.17 1 N/A
70 Kinnaird College for Women, Pakistan 0.17 1 N/A
70 Lahore Leads University, Pakistan 0.17 1 N/A
70 Abdullah Gül University, Turkey 0.38 0.17 1 -54.5%
70 King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals (KFUPM), Saudi Arabia 0.38 0.17 1 -54.5%
70 Holon Institute of Technology (HIT), Israel 0.67 0.17 1 -74.4%
70 Yehuda Academic Center, Israel 0.17 1 N/A
70 University of Turkish Aeronautical Association (UTAA), Turkey 0.17 1 N/A
71 Beirut Arab University (BAU), Lebanon 0.19 0.15 2 -18.7%
72 Özyeğin University, Turkey 0.50 0.15 30 -69.7%
73 Muğla Sıtkı Koçman University (MSKU), Turkey 0.14 1 N/A
74 University of Tabriz, Iran 0.25 0.13 1 -48.8%
74 Satbayev Kazakh National Technical University (KazNTU), Kazakhstan 0.13 1 N/A
74 Adana Science and Technology University (ADANA STU), Turkey 0.13 1 N/A
74 Tabriz University of Medical Sciences (TUOMS), Iran 0.13 1 N/A
75 Information Technology University (ITU), Pakistan 0.11 2 N/A
76 Tafila Technical University (TTU), Jordan 0.11 1 N/A
77 Umm Al-Qura University, Saudi Arabia 0.10 1 N/A
78 Government College University Faisalabad (GCUF), Pakistan 0.09 2 N/A
79 Bolu Abant İzzet Baysal University (BAIBU), Turkey 0.57 0.09 2 -83.6%
80 Hacettepe University, Turkey 0.17 0.09 28 -45.7%
81 Hakim Sabzevari University, Iran 0.08 1 N/A
82 Amirkabir University of Technology (AUT), Iran 0.17 0.08 1 -52.8%
83 Istanbul Bilgi University, Turkey 0.02 0.07 62 278.8%
84 Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS), Iran 0.06 0.07 1 31.6%
84 Salahaddin University-Erbil, Iraq 0.07 1 N/A
85 University of Gaziantep (GAUN), Turkey 0.08 0.06 69 -12.6%
86 University of Sharjah, United Arab Emirates 0.06 1 N/A
86 Akdeniz University, Turkey 0.06 1 N/A
87 The University of Jordan, Jordan 0.17 0.06 1 -66.1%
87 Yaşar University, Turkey 0.06 1 N/A
88 Hashemite University (HU), Jordan 0.05 1 N/A
89 Al-Quds University, Palestinian territories 0.05 1 N/A
90 Al al-Bayt University (AABU), Jordan 0.04 1 N/A
91 KTO Karatay University, Turkey 0.03 0.04 15 54.7%
92 Istanbul Aydin University (IAU), Turkey 0.05 0.04 69 -25.2%
93 NED University of Engineering and Technology, Pakistan 0.04 1 N/A
93 University of Kufa, Iraq 0.04 1 N/A
94 Istanbul University, Turkey 0.15 0.04 1 -74.7%
95 Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University (IAU), Saudi Arabia 0.06 0.04 1 -34.2%
96 TOBB University of Economics and Technology, Turkey 0.22 0.03 69 -83.8%
97 Chaim Sheba Medical Center at Tel HaShomer, Israel 0.57 0.03 1 -94.2%
98 Al-Qasim Green University, Iraq 0.03 1 N/A
99 Adıyaman University, Turkey 0.01 0.02 30 170.6%
100 Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University (COMU), Turkey 0.02 2 N/A

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.