2017 tables: Institutions - physical sciences - academic

The 2017 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2016 to 31 December 2016.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2015 Share 2016 Count 2016 Change in Adjusted Share 2015-2016*
1 Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati (SISSA), Italy 21.62 20.34 95 -3.7%
2 Sapienza University of Rome, Italy 26.80 19.29 262 -26.3%
3 University of Milano-Bicocca (UNIMIB), Italy 13.98 14.30 126 4.7%
4 University of Padova (UNIPD), Italy 19.43 13.20 176 -30.5%
5 University of Bologna (UNIBO), Italy 9.95 12.76 217 31.3%
6 Polytechnic University of Milan, Italy 10.07 11.79 51 19.8%
7 University of Pisa (UNIPI), Italy 6.72 10.03 203 52.6%
8 University of Milan (UNIMI), Italy 10.43 9.47 141 -7.1%
9 University of Calabria (UNICAL), Italy 4.05 8.56 96 116.6%
10 Scuola Normale Superiore (SNS), Italy 8.80 8.44 118 -1.8%
11 University of Rome Tor Vergata, Italy 10.90 8.03 151 -24.6%
12 University of Turin (UNITO), Italy 14.54 7.82 127 -44.9%
13 University of Naples Federico II (UNINA), Italy 8.63 7.32 174 -13.1%
14 Polytechnic University of Turin, Italy 5.75 7.30 20 29.9%
15 University of Florence (UNIFI), Italy 15.87 7.14 99 -54.0%
16 University of Salento, Italy 5.31 6.63 98 27.9%
17 University of Trieste (UNITS), Italy 5.36 5.13 112 -2.1%
18 University of Cagliari (UNICA), Italy 2.49 3.80 53 56.3%
19 University of Perugia, Italy 2.80 3.71 94 35.8%
20 University of Roma Tre, Italy 2.50 3.64 93 48.7%
21 University of Parma (UNIPR), Italy 1.19 3.60 18 209.3%
22 University of Genova, Italy 7.34 3.48 181 -51.5%
23 Catholic University of the Sacred Heart (UCSC), Italy 2.03 3.44 8 73.5%
24 University of Catania, Italy 2.64 3.43 88 32.8%
25 University of Trento (UNITN), Italy 4.75 3.18 92 -31.5%
26 University of Ferrara (UNIFE), Italy 2.89 2.53 47 -10.3%
27 Gran Sasso Science Institute (GSSI), Italy 3.32 2.36 23 -27.2%
28 University of Pavia (UNIPV), Italy 3.64 2.36 126 -33.7%
29 University of Modena and Reggio Emilia (UNIMORE), Italy 1.99 2.36 33 21.3%
30 University of Palermo (UNIPA), Italy 2.00 2.19 14 12.2%
31 Polytechnic University of Bari, Italy 2.10 2.18 93 6.4%
32 University of Salerno (UNISA), Italy 4.34 2.17 43 -48.8%
33 University of Messina (UNIME), Italy 0.47 2.16 13 366.2%
34 University of Bari Aldo Moro (UniBA), Italy 3.81 1.94 117 -47.9%
35 University of L'Aquila (UNIVAQ), Italy 2.28 1.93 22 -13.3%
36 University of Insubria, Italy 1.67 1.58 10 -3.2%
37 University of Brescia (UNIBS), Italy 1.56 1.58 15 3.5%
38 University of Eastern Piedmont "Amedeo Avogadro" (UNIPMN), Italy 0.58 1.52 82 169.4%
39 University of Camerino (UNICAM), Italy 2.33 1.15 17 -49.3%
40 National Interuniversity Consortium for the Physical Sciences of Matter (CNISM), Italy 3.44 0.79 11 -76.4%
41 University of Campania Luigi Vanvitelli, Italy 1.50 0.76 2 -48.1%
42 Ca' Foscari University of Venice (UNIVE), Italy 0.18 0.51 5 196.3%
43 Marche Polytechnic University (UNIVPM), Italy 0.20 0.51 2 165.5%
44 University of Udine (UNIUD), Italy 1.24 0.39 77 -67.9%
45 University of Sassari (UniSS), Italy 0.01 0.38 3 2,666.5%
46 Universita' degli Studi Niccolo' Cusano, Italy 0.10 0.37 2 285.0%
47 Guglielmo Marconi University (GMU), Italy 0.02 0.29 50 1,188.3%
48 Institute for Advanced Study (IUSS Pavia), Italy 0.18 0.28 3 54.0%
49 University of Siena (UNISI), Italy 0.99 0.24 48 -74.8%
50 Vita-Salute San Raffaele University (UniSR), Italy 0.17 1 N/A
51 University of Tuscia (UNITUS), Italy 0.70 0.15 2 -78.0%
52 University of Urbino, Italy 0.02 0.12 35 571.6%
53 University of Verona (UNIVR), Italy 0.20 0.12 3 -39.9%
54 University of Basilicata, Italy 0.06 0.07 72 5.8%
55 San Raffaele University of Rome (UniSanRaffaele), Italy 0.06 1 N/A
56 Milan Center for Neuroscience, Italy 0.06 1 N/A
57 Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies of Pisa (SSSA), Italy 0.17 0.05 1 -70.6%
58 University of Molise (UNIMOL), Italy 0.01 0.04 2 219.1%
59 University of Bergamo, Italy 0.25 0.04 1 -85.4%
60 University of Sannio, Italy 0.03 13 N/A
61 Pegaso University (Unipegaso), Italy 0.01 0.02 5 24.2%
62 Parthenope University of Naples, Italy 0.17 0.01 23 -95.2%

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.