2017 tables: Institutions - physical sciences - academic

Table criteria

The 2017 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2016 to 31 December 2016.

2016 Institution WFC 2015 WFC 2016
1 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 205.41 203.6
2 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 204.15 202.16
3 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 167.14 171.44
4 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 215.96 166.21
5 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 167.63 154.15
6 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 139.26 127.85
7 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 122.11 114.21
8 University of California Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 125.69 111.54
9 Peking University (PKU), China 109.19 108.78
10 Tsinghua University (TH), China 98.49 106.59
11 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 99.77 105
12 Nanjing University (NJU), China 81.25 104.11
13 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 105.04 103.75
14 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 101.19 103.44
15 University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), China 85.68 100.56
16 University of California Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA) 103.51 88.61
17 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 96.24 85.77
18 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 76.42 80.4
19 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 86.6 80.34
20 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 92.39 79.07
21 University of California Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 84.83 77.97
22 National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore 67.24 73.77
23 Tohoku University, Japan 81.34 71.69
24 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 85.24 69.58
25 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 68.97 68.59
26 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 50.76 67.16
27 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 78.22 66.53
28 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 75.48 66.43
29 Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA) 70.14 65.3
30 Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), South Korea 62.9 64.8
31 Kyoto University, Japan 76.1 64.14
32 Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore 72.21 61.9
33 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 59.04 60.53
34 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 50.52 59.67
35 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 57.65 59.42
36 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 51.48 58.75
37 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 65.91 57.16
38 Seoul National University (SNU), South Korea 60.53 55.08
39 University of Pennsylvania (Penn), United States of America (USA) 60.08 54.94
40 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Germany 53.34 53.31
41 Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich (LMU), Germany 53.26 52.13
42 Fudan University, China 65.38 51.36
43 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 43.89 50.76
44 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 44.23 50.08
45 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 54.21 49.93
46 Technion-Israel Institute of Technology (IIT), Israel 53.52 49.84
47 Osaka University, Japan 48.37 49.69
48 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 59.95 49.05
49 University College London (UCL), United Kingdom (UK) 53.43 48.91
50 Pierre and Marie Curie University (UPMC) - Paris 6, France 51.2 48.8
51 Purdue University, United States of America (USA) 51.73 47.67
52 Zhejiang University (ZJU), China 51.88 47.57
53 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 57.14 47.5
54 Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), Germany 41.39 46.97
55 Rice University, United States of America (USA) 46.09 46.53
56 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 55.01 45.68
57 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 44.19 45.25
58 Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM), Spain 34.33 45.21
59 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 54.23 43.94
60 The Ohio State University (OSU), United States of America (USA) 44.23 43.66
61 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 39.58 42.72
62 Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), United States of America (USA) 61.69 41.68
63 University of Paris Sud (UPSud), France 38.17 41.67
64 Australian National University (ANU), Australia 47.03 40.26
65 Dresden University of Technology (TU Dresden), Germany 37.3 39.35
66 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 39.5 39.18
67 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 43.39 38.97
68 Soochow University, China 39.99 38.65
69 The Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 40.38 38.33
70 Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), Japan 40.16 37.91
71 Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), South Korea 44.82 37.43
72 Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST), China 32.86 36.9
73 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 30.37 36.81
74 Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU), China 29.98 35.85
75 Leiden University, Netherlands 38.81 35.68
76 Tel Aviv University (TAU), Israel 42.86 35.39
77 King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Saudi Arabia 24.75 35.34
78 University of Amsterdam (UvA), Netherlands 28.92 34.81
79 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (RU), United States of America (USA) 41.39 34.63
80 Aalto University, Finland 34.58 34.55
81 University of Würzburg, Germany 41.54 34.29
82 Lund University (LU), Sweden 37.24 33.91
83 University of Nebraska-Lincoln (UNL), United States of America (USA) 24.47 32.35
84 Indian Institute of Science (IISc), India 32.65 32.06
85 University of Regensburg (UR), Germany 28.8 31.87
86 Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU), South Korea 31.81 31.81
87 Boston University (BU), United States of America (USA) 29.77 31.74
88 Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU), China 29.89 31.71
89 Uppsala University (UU), Sweden 29.93 31.27
90 Nagoya University, Japan 37.1 30.84
91 RWTH Aachen University (RWTH Aachen), Germany 26.49 30.82
92 University of California Davis (UC Davis), United States of America (USA) 23.98 30.66
93 Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HUJI), Israel 34.01 30.65
94 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS), China 20 30.54
95 Vienna University of Technology (TU Wien), Austria 34.98 30.46
96 University of New South Wales (UNSW), Australia 36.65 30.19
97 Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium 30.09 29.93
98 Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Denmark 27.35 29.62
99 University of California Irvine (UCI), United States of America (USA) 23.81 29.58
100 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 30.81 29.56

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. It is important for users to understand that the data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, that they cover the natural sciences only and that outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output). We encourage users to combine the free-to-access Nature Index data with information from other sources.

The tables were last updated on 30 August 2017 with the most recent institution and article corrections.

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