2017 tables: Institutions - Nature & Science - academic

The 2017 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2016 to 31 December 2016.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2015 Share 2016 Count 2016 Change in Adjusted Share 2015-2016*
1 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 17.04 19.74 81 17.5%
2 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 17.54 15.09 61 -12.8%
3 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 17.08 11.12 44 -34.0%
4 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 5.18 9.37 25 83.5%
5 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 3.50 8.83 39 155.9%
6 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 5.23 8.56 21 66.1%
7 University of Basel (UB), Switzerland 6.18 7.76 24 27.2%
8 UCL, United Kingdom (UK) 11.24 5.72 38 -48.4%
9 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 5.19 5.64 30 10.1%
10 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 5.48 4.39 37 -18.8%
11 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 4.06 4.32 23 7.7%
12 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 0.53 4.01 21 671.6%
13 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 5.84 3.87 15 -32.7%
14 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 4.14 3.82 22 -6.5%
15 University of Amsterdam (UvA), Netherlands 1.89 3.79 28 103.0%
16 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 2.78 3.66 30 33.4%
17 Karolinska Institute (KI), Sweden 3.18 3.65 20 16.2%
18 Sorbonne University, France 4.16 3.44 43 -16.1%
19 University of Göttingen, Germany 2.69 3.42 16 28.7%
20 University of Innsbruck (LFU), Austria 0.18 3.06 12 1,608.3%
21 University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen), Germany 1.26 2.77 14 122.8%
22 Humboldt University of Berlin (HU Berlin), Germany 0.49 2.74 23 463.1%
23 Aix-Marseille University (AMU), France 2.08 2.54 19 23.6%
24 University of Helsinki, Finland 1.17 2.47 20 113.4%
25 Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR), Netherlands 1.72 2.42 16 42.7%
26 Uppsala University (UU), Sweden 3.65 2.42 20 -32.7%
27 Institute of Science and Technology Austria (IST Austria), Austria 0.72 2.39 4 237.6%
28 University of Würzburg (JMU), Germany 1.19 2.39 8 103.9%
29 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 3.81 2.35 9 -37.3%
30 Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), United Kingdom (UK) 0.39 2.35 12 508.5%
31 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 3.78 2.34 24 -37.3%
32 University of Regensburg (UR), Germany 1.30 2.34 6 82.0%
33 University of Lausanne (UNIL), Switzerland 1.93 2.27 11 19.7%
34 Dresden University of Technology (TU Dresden), Germany 1.01 2.26 15 126.8%
35 University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU), Germany 1.87 2.25 6 22.1%
36 The University of Dublin, Ireland 0.70 2.22 7 222.4%
37 Pompeu Fabra University (UPF), Spain 1.10 2.22 13 104.8%
38 University of Cologne (UoC), Germany 2.31 2.21 15 -3.0%
39 University of Groningen (RUG), Netherlands 0.65 2.18 15 242.4%
40 Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium 3.18 2.15 15 -31.6%
41 Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Denmark 0.79 2.07 12 166.8%
42 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 2.25 2.06 18 -7.5%
43 Free University of Berlin (FU Berlin), Germany 1.37 2.05 29 51.9%
44 University of Bern (UniBE), Switzerland 4.65 2.02 18 -56.0%
45 University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 0.61 2.01 9 231.2%
46 Ulm University, Germany 1.04 1.99 11 94.1%
47 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 1.12 1.96 15 76.8%
48 Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), Germany 2.00 1.95 8 -1.4%
49 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 1.07 1.91 14 80.6%
50 Leiden University, Netherlands 1.90 1.90 25 0.9%
51 University of Paris, France 3.96 1.84 30 -52.9%
52 University of Warsaw (UW), Poland 0.56 1.82 7 227.3%
53 Newcastle University, United Kingdom (UK) 2.11 1.80 7 -13.5%
54 University of Paris-Sud (UPSud), France 1.79 1.75 21 -0.4%
55 Aarhus University (AU), Denmark 2.14 1.74 20 -17.2%
56 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 2.87 1.73 22 -38.7%
57 Ghent University (UGent), Belgium 0.91 1.70 5 89.6%
58 The University of Nottingham (UoN), United Kingdom (UK) 0.25 1.66 7 564.8%
59 Cardiff University, United Kingdom (UK) 1.75 1.64 8 -5.3%
60 University of Montpellier, France 0.92 1.63 26 79.4%
61 University of Stuttgart, Germany 0.41 1.62 8 298.6%
62 Philipps University of Marburg (Uni Marburg), Germany 0.93 1.51 6 64.6%
63 University of Liège (ULg), Belgium 0.31 1.50 6 390.8%
64 Radboud University Nijmegen (RU), Netherlands 2.85 1.48 25 -47.3%
65 University of Vienna, Austria 2.42 1.45 16 -39.5%
66 Vienna University of Technology (TU Wien), Austria 0.71 1.42 7 104.3%
67 Medical University of Vienna (MUW), Austria 1.52 1.41 6 -5.7%
68 University of Oslo (UiO), Norway 2.03 1.37 7 -31.6%
69 Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Belgium 1.71 1.36 4 -19.2%
70 University of Münster (WWU), Germany 2.10 1.34 13 -35.3%
71 University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 3.13 1.32 13 -57.2%
72 Stockholm University, Sweden 2.34 1.32 18 -42.9%
73 Goethe University Frankfurt (GU), Germany 3.05 1.31 8 -56.5%
74 Umeå University (UMU), Sweden 0.09 1.24 6 1,271.3%
75 University of Gothenburg (GU), Sweden 0.28 1.21 7 340.8%
76 University of Bordeaux, France 0.31 1.16 10 273.5%
77 Hannover Medical School (MHH), Germany 0.91 1.15 8 28.8%
78 Grenoble Alpes University (UGA), France 1.24 1.14 20 -6.5%
79 Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM), Spain 0.93 1.10 10 19.7%
80 University of Sussex, United Kingdom (UK) 1.78 1.08 7 -38.5%
81 University of Leicester, United Kingdom (UK) 0.23 1.07 6 379.2%
82 University of Turku (UTU), Finland 0.20 1.06 6 432.7%
83 University of Dundee, United Kingdom (UK) 0.33 1.05 7 225.7%
84 École Normale Supérieure (ENS Paris), France 0.50 1.05 18 111.6%
85 University of Hohenheim, Germany 0.06 1.04 2 1,728.0%
86 University of Strasbourg, France 1.12 1.03 14 -6.5%
87 University of Bayreuth (UBT), Germany 1.57 1.02 3 -34.4%
88 University of Toulouse, France 1.72 0.98 21 -41.9%
89 University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Spain 0.57 0.97 7 72.1%
90 University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna (BOKU), Austria 0.92 4 N/A
91 Leipzig University, Germany 0.23 0.92 15 312.1%
92 Eötvös Loránd University (ELTE), Hungary 0.29 0.90 3 214.9%
93 University of Konstanz, Germany 2.18 0.89 4 -58.7%
94 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 2.00 0.88 10 -55.3%
95 University of East Anglia (UEA), United Kingdom (UK) 1.23 0.86 4 -29.2%
96 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 1.49 0.85 8 -41.9%
97 The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom (UK) 1.06 0.84 5 -19.7%
98 University of Lyon, France 0.95 0.82 10 -12.2%
99 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 1.52 0.82 10 -45.0%
100 University of Kiel (CAU), Germany 1.57 0.82 14 -47.0%

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.