2017 tables: Institutions - academic

Table criteria

The 2017 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2016 to 31 December 2016.

2016 Institution FC 2015 FC 2016
1 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 886.99 880.71
2 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 636.11 603.7
3 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 565.4 576.48
4 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 438.45 466.63
5 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 429.85 437.4
6 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 526.72 427.87
7 Peking University (PKU), China 369.66 386.16
8 University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 426.91 383.03
9 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 376.17 355.64
10 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 338.34 349.15
11 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 362.62 333.78
12 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 345.35 327.07
13 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 368.46 321.43
14 Nanjing University (NJU), China 290.48 319.47
15 Tsinghua University, China 278.86 315.87
16 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 325.11 312.04
17 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 287.08 306.86
18 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 328.66 291.99
19 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 269.54 287.79
20 Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA) 302.78 284.82
21 University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), China 261.37 275.83
22 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 295.28 267.93
23 Kyoto University, Japan 311.72 264.34
24 University of Pennsylvania (Penn), United States of America (USA) 312.66 260.77
25 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 281.28 258.89
26 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 269.24 258.28
27 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 266.16 251.1
28 Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 263.46 244.25
29 Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore 254.33 233.93
30 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 242.4 233.72
31 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 228.55 233.71
32 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 253.18 229
33 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 235.63 226.25
34 Zhejiang University (ZJU), China 222.73 220.34
35 University College London (UCL), United Kingdom (UK) 236.1 213.32
36 National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore 212 209.44
37 Duke University, United States of America (USA) 213.87 209.35
38 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 211.87 208.41
39 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 207.3 203.44
40 University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), United States of America (USA) 209.41 200.12
41 Osaka University, Japan 206.39 196.84
42 Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL), United States of America (USA) 184.49 193.58
43 University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA) 216.16 187.86
44 Fudan University, China 209.74 184.54
45 The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), United States of America (USA) 180.48 181.82
46 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 171.74 181.09
47 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 181.1 180.71
48 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 191.62 176.57
49 Tohoku University, Japan 194.63 175.41
50 McGill University, Canada 190.41 174.12
51 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 196.54 168.29
52 Seoul National University (SNU), South Korea 166.93 165.97
53 New York University (NYU), United States of America (USA) 174.87 165.69
54 University of California, Irvine (UCI), United States of America (USA) 130.21 164.5
55 Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), India 170.63 164.1
56 Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), South Korea 156.02 157.77
57 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS), China 105.84 156.86
58 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (RU), United States of America (USA) 135.22 156.68
59 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 167.56 156.57
60 Nankai University (NKU), China 157.34 152.94
61 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 135.78 152.79
62 Soochow University, China 140.7 150.67
63 University of California, Davis (UC Davis), United States of America (USA) 177.02 146.01
64 Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), United States of America (USA) 167.21 145.87
65 The Ohio State University (OSU), United States of America (USA) 157.55 145.71
66 Purdue University, United States of America (USA) 152.11 145.62
67 University of Pittsburgh (Pitt), United States of America (USA) 135 145.31
68 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 125.36 144.98
69 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 118.67 143.52
70 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 146.22 138.1
71 Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), Japan 140.83 138.03
72 Texas A&M University (TAMU), United States of America (USA) 161.35 135.69
73 University of Southern California (USC), United States of America (USA) 144.91 135.66
74 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Germany 137.25 134.25
75 Nagoya University, Japan 148.32 133.29
76 Monash University, Australia 117.38 132.46
77 The University of British Columbia (UBC), Canada 154.94 130.36
78 Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU), China 107.61 128.29
79 The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center (UT Southwestern Medical Center), United States of America (USA) 127.13 127.43
80 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 128.69 126.46
81 Xiamen University (XMU), China 119.69 124.4
82 University of New South Wales (UNSW), Australia 114.33 123.13
83 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 123.77 121.71
84 Wuhan University (WHU), China 114.67 121.41
85 Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HUJI), Israel 123.99 121.25
86 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 131.49 119.06
87 Hokkaido University, Japan 119.43 118.39
88 The University of Queensland (UQ), Australia 146.79 118.33
89 Sun Yat-sen University (SYSU), China 125.21 117.48
90 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 116.55 116.98
91 Vanderbilt University (VU), United States of America (USA) 129.67 116
92 Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium 106.83 115.14
93 Indiana University (IU), United States of America (USA) 105.09 114.83
94 Kyushu University, Japan 92.77 113.79
95 University of Florida (UF), United States of America (USA) 146.68 113.63
96 Boston University (BU), United States of America (USA) 113.37 110.99
97 The University of Utah (Utah), United States of America (USA) 120.61 108.5
98 King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Saudi Arabia 92.29 107.96
99 University of Alberta (U of A), Canada 112.86 106.42
100 Rice University, United States of America (USA) 115.86 105.57
101 Pierre and Marie Curie University (UPMC) - Paris 6, France 117.51 105.19
102 Technion-Israel Institute of Technology (IIT), Israel 105.7 104.47
103 University of Groningen (RUG), Netherlands 103.81 104.36
104 University of Basel (UB), Switzerland 92.14 103.67
105 Emory University, United States of America (USA) 94.14 102.7
106 Australian National University (ANU), Australia 105.14 102.56
107 University of Münster (WWU), Germany 106.73 102.27
108 Sichuan University (SCU), China 98.82 101.98
109 Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST), China 100.68 101.23
110 Lanzhou University (LZU), China 96.31 101.21
111 The University of Melbourne (UniMelb), Australia 103.45 100.59
112 University of Würzburg, Germany 120.45 100.59
113 Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), South Korea 111.34 100.18
114 University of California, Riverside (UCR), United States of America (USA) 106.42 99.09
115 University of Göttingen, Germany 106.06 98
116 The Rockefeller University, United States of America (USA) 104.61 97.54
117 Arizona State University (ASU), United States of America (USA) 108.59 96.66
118 Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research (IISER), India 81.88 96.63
119 Aarhus University (AU), Denmark 87.15 95.98
120 Lund University (LU), Sweden 99.51 95.62
121 Radboud University Nijmegen (RU), Netherlands 71.66 95.43
122 Uppsala University (UU), Sweden 94.03 94.9
123 Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), Germany 79.57 94.84
124 Baylor College of Medicine (BCM), United States of America (USA) 104.51 93.45
125 The University of Arizona (Arizona), United States of America (USA) 103.94 92.92
126 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 75.05 92.72
127 RWTH Aachen University (RWTH Aachen), Germany 89.58 91.92
128 National Taiwan University (NTU), Taiwan 115.83 91.82
129 Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST), China 86.49 91.56
130 Yonsei University, South Korea 102.71 91.1
131 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 93.16 91.05
132 Jilin University (JLU), China 103.6 89.93
133 Shandong University (SDU), China 76.29 89.71
134 University of Bonn (Uni Bonn), Germany 95.64 88.91
135 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 78.74 88.37
136 East China University of Science and Technology (ECUST), China 98.69 86.9
137 Indian Institute of Science (IISc), India 91.76 86.77
138 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, United States of America (USA) 77.22 85.88
139 Free University of Berlin (FU Berlin), Germany 101.94 85.61
140 Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Denmark 87.62 85.32
141 Dresden University of Technology (TU Dresden), Germany 86.35 84.85
142 North Carolina State University (NCSU), United States of America (USA) 93.27 83.83
143 Case Western Reserve University (CWRU), United States of America (USA) 83.47 83.12
144 Hunan University (HNU), China 99.35 82.76
145 University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU), Germany 98.79 82.74
146 The University of Iowa (UI), United States of America (USA) 89.38 81.86
147 State University of New York at Stony Brook (SUNY Stony Brook), United States of America (USA) 108.95 81.47
148 The University of Warwick (Warwick), United Kingdom (UK) 78.83 81.09
149 Leiden University, Netherlands 86.11 80.98
150 Brown University, United States of America (USA) 89.82 80.64
151 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 102.37 80.5
152 University of Massachusetts Amherst (UMass Amherst), United States of America (USA) 88.75 80.19
153 The University of Sydney (USYD), Australia 81.07 79.55
154 The University of Georgia (UGA), United States of America (USA) 73.87 79.43
155 University of Montreal (UdeM), Canada 80.06 78.58
156 Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT), China 61.99 78.45
157 University of Rochester (UR), United States of America (USA) 76.67 77.92
158 South China University of Technology (SCUT), China 59.93 77.86
159 Stockholm University, Sweden 95.09 77.5
160 University of Amsterdam (UvA), Netherlands 62.16 77.13
161 East China Normal University (ECNU), China 85.8 76.75
162 Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), United States of America (USA) 84.83 76.67
163 Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM), Spain 70.77 76.63
164 Beijing Normal University (BNU), China 72.6 76
165 Tel Aviv University (TAU), Israel 92.07 75.77
166 University of Regensburg (UR), Germany 74.09 75.58
167 Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU), South Korea 83.21 75.03
168 Humboldt University of Berlin (HU Berlin), Germany 90.27 74.74
169 University of Freiburg (Uni Freiburg), Germany 92.25 74.68
170 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 84.31 74.21
171 Karolinska Institute (KI), Sweden 73.2 73.85
172 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 90.65 73.61
173 Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU), China 58.5 73.28
174 The University of Hong Kong (HKU), China 68.03 72.91
175 Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai (ISMMS), MSHS, United States of America (USA) 61.25 72.49
176 University of Paris Sud (UPSud), France 76.73 72.2
177 University of Virginia (UVA), United States of America (USA) 67.55 72.01
178 Florida State University (FSU), United States of America (USA) 63.57 71.63
179 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 72.12 71.54
180 University of Waterloo, Canada 86.21 71.51
181 University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen), Germany 81.88 71.47
182 University of Nebraska-Lincoln (UNL), United States of America (USA) 63.46 70.99
183 Michigan State University (MSU), United States of America (USA) 67.03 70.73
184 University of Barcelona (UB), Spain 67.8 70.71
185 University of Cologne (UoC), Germany 58.83 69.81
186 Tianjin University (TJU), China 91.59 69.5
187 Goethe University Frankfurt am Main (GU), Germany 72.35 69.27
188 University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC), United States of America (USA) 70.94 68.97
189 Keio University, Japan 56.86 68.8
190 Ghent University (UGent), Belgium 70.94 68.68
191 The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom (UK) 79.11 68.35
192 University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 54.36 68.28
193 Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e), Netherlands 52.46 67.2
194 The University of Nottingham (UoN), United Kingdom (UK) 69.11 66.84
195 University of Bern, Switzerland 71.83 66.69
196 Southeast University (SEU), China 40.35 66.07
197 University of Notre Dame (ND), United States of America (USA) 77.37 65.54
198 University of Strasbourg, France 64.04 65.48
199 University at Buffalo, The State University of New York (SUNY UB), United States of America (USA) 56.22 65.31
200 The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK), China 61.66 64.98
201 University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMass Medical School), United States of America (USA) 68.19 64.65
202 University of Ottawa (uOttawa), Canada 59.91 64.44
203 Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin), Germany 65.76 63.29
204 Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), South Korea 62.32 63
205 Korea University (KU), South Korea 63.74 62.67
206 University of Tsukuba, Japan 57.71 61.92
207 University of Oregon (UO), United States of America (USA) 51.86 61.25
208 University of Vienna, Austria 53.53 61.2
209 Iowa State University, United States of America (USA) 74.13 60.92
210 University of Cincinnati (UC), United States of America (USA) 62.28 60.86
211 University of Oslo (UiO), Norway 45.06 60.55
212 Grenoble Alpes University (UGA), France 55.83 60.12
213 Tongji University, China 59.72 59.76
214 Colorado State University, United States of America (USA) 58.19 59.18
215 National Tsing Hua University (NTHU), Taiwan 79.15 58.86
216 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech), United States of America (USA) 66.06 58.75
217 Oregon State University, United States of America (USA) 59.64 57.5
218 University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC), United States of America (USA) 66.24 57.31
219 Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU), United States of America (USA) 44.96 56.7
220 University of Hawai'i at Manoa (UH Mānoa), United States of America (USA) 53.15 56.56
221 Temple University, United States of America (USA) 40.24 56.2
222 VU University Amsterdam, Netherlands 46.65 55.93
223 University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Spain 45.38 55.87
224 University of Houston (UH), United States of America (USA) 59.38 55.66
225 University of Miami (UM), United States of America (USA) 50.16 55.53
226 Ruhr University Bochum (RUB), Germany 59.76 55.37
227 University of Bayreuth (UBT), Germany 46.23 54.99
228 University of Calgary (U of C), Canada 62.18 54.45
229 University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 60.88 54.34
230 Beijing Institute of Technology (BIT), China 30.21 53.84
231 Homi Bhabha National Institute (HBNI), India 46.25 53.25
232 Paris Diderot University (Paris 7), France 67.25 52.87
233 Albert Einstein College of Medicine (Einstein), United States of America (USA) 63.58 52.78
234 Hanyang University (HYU), South Korea 45.15 52.14
235 University of Helsinki, Finland 58.32 51.7
236 KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden 58.25 50.88
237 University of Toulouse, France 58.88 50.7
238 University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus (CU Anschutz), United States of America (USA) 47.61 50.62
239 University of Lausanne (UNIL), Switzerland 46.46 50.47
240 University of São Paulo (USP), Brazil 48.37 50.22
241 Beihang University (BUAA), China 44.88 50.01
242 University of Valencia (UV), Spain 46.29 49.71
243 University of Birmingham (UB), United Kingdom (UK) 51.12 49.62
244 University of Konstanz, Germany 43.99 49.41
245 The University of Dublin, Ireland 44.55 49.34
246 McMaster University, Canada 52.51 49.3
247 Wayne State University (WSU), United States of America (USA) 46.33 49.21
248 Tufts University, United States of America (USA) 43.71 48.96
249 Vienna University of Technology (TU Wien), Austria 50.47 48.87
250 Cardiff University, United Kingdom (UK) 37.54 48.44
251 Beijing University of Chemical Technology (BUCT), China 42.83 48.08
252 Aix-Marseille University (AMU), France 48.61 48.07
253 University of Lyon, France 51.94 47.73
254 Leipzig University, Germany 44.68 47.34
255 University of Delaware (UD), United States of America (USA) 57.03 47.22
256 University of Stuttgart, Germany 59.91 46.91
257 Brandeis University, United States of America (USA) 40.99 46.8
258 University of Connecticut (UConn), United States of America (USA) 63.81 45.98
259 China University of Geosciences (CUG), China 27.55 45.62
260 Dalian University of Technology (DUT), China 71.96 45.6
261 Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Belgium 38.74 45.53
262 Philipps University of Marburg (Uni Marburg), Germany 53.08 45.41
263 Aalto University, Finland 55.77 44.88
264 The University of Kansas (KU), United States of America (USA) 45.85 44.85
265 Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), United Kingdom (UK) 49.16 44.58
266 University of Lisbon (ULISBOA), Portugal 35.2 44.57
267 The City University of New York (CUNY), United States of America (USA) 51.3 44.42
268 University of York, United Kingdom (UK) 49.85 44.39
269 Western University (UWO), Canada 34.14 44.2
270 Friedrich Schiller University Jena (FSU), Germany 44.98 43.93
271 City University of Hong Kong (CityU), China 41.58 43.77
272 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 52.77 43.64
273 University of South Florida (USF), United States of America (USA) 37.14 43.54
274 Central China Normal University (CCNU), China 30.71 43.5
275 Southwest University (SWU), China 47.91 43.01
276 Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU), Russia 38.01 42.63
277 Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU), Israel 52.52 42.48
278 Nanjing Tech University (NanjingTech), China 26.85 42.45
279 University of Montpellier, France 46.11 41.89
280 The University of New Mexico (UNM), United States of America (USA) 47.08 41
281 University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB), United States of America (USA) 31.6 40.44
282 Chalmers University of Technology (Chalmers), Sweden 60.96 40.17
283 Darmstadt University of Technology (TU Darmstadt), Germany 27.95 40.16
284 University of Kiel (CAU), Germany 41.06 39.93
285 University of Maryland, Baltimore (UMB), United States of America (USA) 41.08 39.87
286 The University of Tennessee at Knoxville (UTK), United States of America (USA) 41.02 39.75
287 The University of Oklahoma (OU), United States of America (USA) 43.3 39.75
288 Dartmouth College, United States of America (USA) 47.2 39.72
289 Newcastle University, United Kingdom (UK) 40.36 39.55
290 University of Kentucky (UK), United States of America (USA) 39.23 39.36
291 Complutense University of Madrid (UCM), Spain 38.71 39.08
292 The University of Akron (UAkron), United States of America (USA) 37.93 38.88
293 National Chiao Tung University (NCTU), Taiwan 38.53 38.57
294 University of Padova (UNIPD), Italy 44.71 38.09
295 Chiba University, Japan 19.07 37.65
296 University of Innsbruck (LFU), Austria 28.64 37.64
297 Sapienza University of Rome, Italy 49.45 37.41
298 Curtin University, Australia 29.16 37.35
299 Ulm University, Germany 38.43 37.23
300 University of South Carolina - Columbia (SC), United States of America (USA) 44.29 36.91
301 Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU), United States of America (USA) 32.44 36.87
302 Northeastern University (NEU), United States of America (USA) 41.84 36.85
303 National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico 41.87 36.69
304 Catholic University of Louvain (UCL), Belgium 30.03 35.98
305 University of Bath, United Kingdom (UK) 44.99 35.94
306 The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU), China 28.8 35.45
307 University of Duisburg-Essen (UDE), Germany 35.93 35.17
308 University of Bordeaux, France 40.47 35.04
309 Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI), United States of America (USA) 27.09 34.99
310 University of Potsdam, Germany 30.85 34.96
311 Shandong Normal University (SDNU), China 26.33 34.39
312 University of Science and Technology Beijing (USTB), China 29.89 34.36
313 University of Missouri (Mizzou), United States of America (USA) 29.82 34.23
314 The University of Adelaide (Adelaide Uni), Australia 38.2 34.21
315 University of Gothenburg (GU), Sweden 34.34 34.17
316 Washington State University (WSU), United States of America (USA) 32.24 34.17
317 Louisiana State University (LSU), United States of America (USA) 48.39 34.09
318 The University of Western Australia (UWA), Australia 48.61 34.04
319 University of Warsaw (UW), Poland 37.18 33.61
320 Simon Fraser University (SFU), Canada 28.08 33.41
321 University of Santiago de Compostela (USC), Spain 31.23 33.26
322 Ewha Womans University (Ewha), South Korea 33.91 32.82
323 Wageningen University & Research (WUR), Netherlands 35.7 32.7
324 Shanghai University (SHU), China 35.24 32.68
325 Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf (HHU), Germany 37.73 32.66
326 University of Bologna (UNIBO), Italy 29.04 32.18
327 Bar-Ilan University (BIU), Israel 32.63 32.11
328 The University of Texas at Dallas (UT Dallas), United States of America (USA) 34.49 31.79
329 University of Otago, New Zealand 33.75 31.78
330 University of Saskatchewan (U of S), Canada 36.69 31.43
331 University of Dundee, United Kingdom (UK) 22.05 31.38
332 University of Twente (UTwente), Netherlands 29.67 31.17
333 Hiroshima University (HU), Japan 39.97 31.1
334 University of Sussex (US), United Kingdom (UK) 33.19 30.82
335 Chongqing University (CQU), China 35.22 30.52
336 Boston College (BC), United States of America (USA) 25.57 30.51
337 National Institute of Applied Sciences (INSA), France 37.42 30.49
338 Kobe University, Japan 27.67 30.21
339 Southern University of Science and Technology (SUSTech), China 16.27 30.19
340 Linköping University (LiU), Sweden 38.01 30.06
341 The University of Wollongong (UOW), Australia 25.14 29.91
342 Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College (CAMS & PUMC), China 27.3 29.76
343 Queen's University, Canada 40.13 29.58
344 Clemson University, United States of America (USA) 24.63 29.46
345 TU Dortmund University, Germany 22.92 29.45
346 Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR), India 28.97 29.44
347 Kanazawa University (KU), Japan 19.12 28.96
348 Charles University (CU), Czech Republic 29.55 28.92
349 Fuzhou University (FZU), China 34.04 28.62
350 Drexel University, United States of America (USA) 29.19 28.6
351 University of Antwerp (UA), Belgium 29.29 28.34
352 State University of New York at Albany (SUNY Albany), United States of America (USA) 17.67 28.24
353 Northwest University (NWU), China 19.92 28.02
354 University of Turin (UNITO), Italy 37.25 27.66
355 University of Florence (UNIFI), Italy 36.54 27.46
356 University of Strathclyde, United Kingdom (UK) 32.09 27.44
357 University of Oviedo (UniOvi), Spain 25.01 27.4
358 University of Hannover (LUH), Germany 36.19 27.32
359 University of Liège (ULg), Belgium 19.1 27.19
360 Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST), South Korea 29.3 26.78
361 Saarland University (Saar-Uni), Germany 26.61 26.71
362 University of Bremen (Uni Bremen), Germany 33.48 26.67
363 Waseda University, Japan 31.25 26.51
364 China Agricultural University (CAU), China 20.67 26.38
365 Institute for Advanced Study (IAS), United States of America (USA) 23.98 25.86
366 University of Sherbrooke (USherbrooke), Canada 32.62 25.82
367 Central South University (CSU), China 28.15 25.81
368 Okayama University, Japan 35.13 25.76
369 Jagiellonian University (UJ), Poland 31.3 25.73
370 Queen's University Belfast (QUB), United Kingdom (UK) 37.15 25.7
371 Pusan National University (PNU), South Korea 18.84 25.62
372 Umeå University (UMU), Sweden 36.5 25.52
373 University of Naples Federico II (UNINA), Italy 33.98 25.51
374 Nanjing University of Science and Technology (NUST), China 20.13 25.51
375 Northeast Normal University (NENU), China 36.22 25.5
376 Braunschweig University of Technology (TU Braunschweig), Germany 26.43 25.48
377 University of Central Florida (UCF), United States of America (USA) 22.53 25.44
378 Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB), Spain 33.09 25.26
379 University of Granada (UGR), Spain 17.69 25.23
380 University of Victoria (UVic), Canada 24.71 25.08
381 The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), United States of America (USA) 15.58 25.07
382 Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC), United States of America (USA) 13.75 25
383 Georgetown University, United States of America (USA) 14.3 24.9
384 Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology (RMIT University), Australia 21.62 24.87
385 University of Pisa (UNIPI), Italy 16.57 24.75
386 Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU), Germany 19.5 24.72
387 University of Leicester, United Kingdom (UK) 30.07 24.6
388 University of Milan (UNIMI), Italy 26.3 24.48
389 Kyung Hee University (KHU), South Korea 27.74 24.23
390 National Cheng Kung University (NCKU), Taiwan 23.71 24.2
391 University of Nevada, Reno (UNR), United States of America (USA) 23.49 24.14
392 Dalhousie University, Canada 26.89 24.13
393 University of Milano-Bicocca (UNIMIB), Italy 29.47 24.08
394 University of Reading, United Kingdom (UK) 29.54 23.98
395 Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR), Netherlands 23.9 23.98
396 Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway 29.59 23.95
397 École Normale Supérieure (ENS Paris), France 25.61 23.91
398 Zhengzhou University (ZZU), China 26.23 23.81
399 Laval University (UL), Canada 31.06 23.65
400 International School for Advanced Studies (ISAS), Italy 25.16 23.58
401 University of Arkansas (UARK), United States of America (USA) 22.65 23.44
402 Texas Tech University (TTU), United States of America (USA) 15.09 23.42
403 Wuhan University of Technology (WUT), China 15.72 23.26
404 Hefei University of Technology (HFUT), China 8.19 22.49
405 Syracuse University, United States of America (USA) 23.09 22.46
406 Heriot-Watt University, United Kingdom (UK) 21.47 22.15
407 University of Wrocław (UWr), Poland 19.72 22.03
408 University of Zaragoza (Unizar), Spain 22.32 22.02
409 Hong Kong Baptist University (HKBU), China 12.27 21.85
410 University College Dublin (UCD), Ireland 25.05 21.85
411 Griffith University, Australia 13.27 21.72
412 Lancaster University, United Kingdom (UK) 24.55 21.47
413 Beijing University of Technology (BJUT), China 12.01 21.44
414 Georgia State University (GSU), United States of America (USA) 24.29 21.25
415 Polytechnic University of Milan, Italy 16.63 21.08
416 Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications (NUPT), China 12.64 21.06
417 Shaanxi Normal University (SNNU), China 22.36 21.05
418 University of Siegen, Germany 20.96 21.05
419 Tulane University, United States of America (USA) 21.09 20.96
420 Nanjing Normal University (NNU), China 22.03 20.96
421 Saint Petersburg State University (SPbU), Russia 28.01 20.92
422 Macquarie University, Australia 22.68 20.91
423 University of Electronic Science and Technology of China (UESTC), China 18.26 20.86
424 The University of Auckland, New Zealand 25.46 20.73
425 China Pharmaceutical University (CPU), China 14.07 20.72
426 University of Guelph, Canada 20.65 20.51
427 Ocean University of China (OUC), China 17.7 20.36
428 The University of Toledo (UT), United States of America (USA) 17.22 20.32
429 University of Southern Denmark (SDU), Denmark 27.09 20.26
430 Giessen University (JLU), Germany 22.64 20.2
431 Henan Normal University (HTU), China 16.41 20.18
432 Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Brazil 16.16 20.12
433 Nagoya Institute of Technology (NITech), Japan 22.12 20.02
434 Bielefeld University, Germany 30.01 20
435 Lehigh University, United States of America (USA) 17.57 19.93
436 University of New Hampshire (UNH), United States of America (USA) 15.72 19.81
437 Swansea University, United Kingdom (UK) 17.43 19.68
438 University of Lille Nord de France, France 21.16 19.64
439 Wake Forest University (WFU), United States of America (USA) 18.35 19.62
440 Kent State University (KSU), United States of America (USA) 15.19 19.59
441 West Virginia University (WVU), United States of America (USA) 22.83 19.37
442 University of Jyväskylä, Finland 26.49 19.03
443 Thomas Jefferson University (TJU), United States of America (USA) 22.35 18.9
444 University of Vermont (UVM), United States of America (USA) 19.53 18.87
445 Rovira i Virgili University (URV), Spain 12.99 18.83
446 Tokyo University of Science (TUS), Japan 20.8 18.82
447 Pompeu Fabra University (UPF), Spain 21.51 18.81
448 University of Nice Sophia Antipolis (UNS), France 17.03 18.77
449 Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL), United States of America (USA) 37.85 18.61
450 Shanxi University (SXU), China 17.62 18.59
451 Jinan University (JNU), China 13.35 18.48
452 Renmin University of China (RUC), China 14.55 18.46
453 Graz University of Technology (TU Graz), Austria 13.64 18.36
454 University of Bergen (UIB), Norway 20.8 18.22
455 National Taiwan Normal University (NTNU), Taiwan 15.95 18.15
456 University of East Anglia (UEA), United Kingdom (UK) 24.92 18.13
457 The University of Texas at Arlington (UTA), United States of America (USA) 17.4 18.1
458 University of La Laguna (ULL), Spain 15.66 18.08
459 University of Fribourg (UNIFR), Switzerland 18.65 18.01
460 University of Nebraska Medical Center (UNMC), United States of America (USA) 15.69 17.94
461 Colorado School of Mines, United States of America (USA) 18.89 17.88
462 Masaryk University (MU), Czech Republic 15.42 17.82
463 The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio (UT Health San Antonio), United States of America (USA) 16.98 17.69
464 Huazhong Agricultural University (HZAU), China 17.04 17.69
465 Northwest A&F University (NWAFU), China 14.59 17.58
466 University of Turku (UTU), Finland 20.6 17.53
467 Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST), Japan 12.96 17.47
468 Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology (TUAT), Japan 24.87 17.44
469 University of Buenos Aires (UBA), Argentina 18.48 17.4
470 Osaka Prefecture University (OPU), Japan 21.55 17.4
471 Third Military Medical University (TMMU), China 12.26 17.37
472 University of Manitoba, Canada 20.23 17.36
473 University of Hyderabad (UoH), India 21.32 17.18
474 Shenzhen University (SZU), China 10.14 17.08
475 China University of Petroleum (CUP), China 12.29 17.02
476 Nara Institute of Science and Technology (NAIST), Japan 17.12 17.01
477 The George Washington University (GW), United States of America (USA) 17.98 16.97
478 University of Jinan (UJN), China 9.01 16.89
479 University of Rostock, Germany 24.57 16.82
480 Tokyo Medical and Dental University (TMDU), Japan 15.36 16.82
481 Augusta University, United States of America (USA) 13.74 16.79
482 Bilkent University, Turkey 14.13 16.76
483 École Polytechnique, France 22.09 16.59
484 Hannover Medical School (MHH), Germany 15.41 16.52
485 National Central University (NCU), Taiwan 13.32 16.47
486 Tokyo Metropolitan University (TMU), Japan 16.32 16.44
487 Institute of Science and Technology Austria (IST Austria), Austria 10.94 16.43
488 University of Wyoming, United States of America (USA) 23.02 16.43
489 University of Lorraine (UL), France 16.23 16.37
490 Utah State University (USU), United States of America (USA) 14.14 16.37
491 University of Porto (UP), Portugal 23.42 16.31
492 Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology (NUIST), China 16.87 16.29
493 University of Kaiserslautern (TU Kaiserslautern), Germany 18.14 16.24
494 University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV), United States of America (USA) 9.47 16.22
495 École Normale Supérieure de Lyon (ENS de Lyon), France 14.82 16.16
496 University of Rome Tor Vergata, Italy 18.91 16.1
497 University of Crete (UOC), Greece 27.21 16.06
498 Deakin University, Australia 14.87 16.05
499 Paris Descartes University (Paris 5), France 22.33 16.04
500 University of Aberdeen, United Kingdom (UK) 21.15 16

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. It is important for users to understand that the data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, that they cover the natural sciences only and that outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output). We encourage users to combine the free-to-access Nature Index data with information from other sources.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted FC accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. FC values have been adjusted to 2018 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.