2017 tables: Countries

Table criteria

The 2017 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2016 to 31 December 2016.

2016 Country/territory WFC 2015 WFC 2016
1 United States of America (USA) 17232.78 16222.9
2 China 6501.88 6537.28
3 Germany 4092.86 3844.75
4 United Kingdom (UK) 3376.44 3294.83
5 Japan 3063.71 2773.57
6 France 2133.28 1979.33
7 Canada 1477.92 1296.27
8 Switzerland 1137.15 1110.06
9 Spain 1059.37 1074.07
10 South Korea 1116.4 1036.56
11 Italy 1068.52 948.78
12 Australia 942.75 915.25
13 India 903.43 884.35
14 Netherlands 718.71 779
15 Israel 533.65 490.58
16 Sweden 528.12 489.81
17 Singapore 487.14 427.29
18 Russia 371.26 385.9
19 Belgium 336.63 365.93
20 Taiwan 415.9 363.82
21 Denmark 309.28 322.67
22 Austria 278.29 279.05
23 Brazil 236.2 255.72
24 Poland 237.37 207.7
25 Finland 182.69 173.1
26 Czech Republic 147.17 152.31
27 Norway 124.42 131.74
28 New Zealand 110.42 115.91
29 Portugal 120.22 115.78
30 Ireland 110.05 105.97
31 Saudi Arabia 98.84 97.24
32 Argentina 96.6 96.18
33 Iran 68.37 91.45
34 Chile 99.11 91.14
35 Mexico 84.98 86.72
36 Greece 82.2 73.03
37 Hungary 83.68 72.63
38 Turkey 67.57 64.64
39 South Africa 82.11 60.34
40 Slovenia 38.57 32.05
41 Pakistan 22.48 29.76
42 Ukraine 32.9 28.36
43 Romania 26.82 25.28
44 Thailand 30.89 24.44
45 Estonia 16.73 23.12
46 Iceland 18.29 20.74
47 Colombia 14.26 20.56
48 Croatia 20.22 18.74
49 Luxembourg 5.67 15.74
50 United Arab Emirates 12.34 13.92

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. It is important for users to understand that the data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, that they cover the natural sciences only and that outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output). We encourage users to combine the free-to-access Nature Index data with information from other sources.

The tables were last updated on 30 August 2017 with the most recent institution and article corrections.

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