2017 tables: Countries/territories

Table criteria

The 2017 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2016 to 31 December 2016.

2016 Country/territory FC 2015 FC 2016
1 United States of America (USA) 20833.81 20089.59
2 China 7681.96 8115.22
3 Germany 4666.18 4511.5
4 United Kingdom (UK) 3863.63 3808.17
5 Japan 3418.27 3185.2
6 France 2434.66 2325.38
7 Canada 1785.82 1588.41
8 Switzerland 1349.62 1353.04
9 South Korea 1423.82 1337.38
10 Spain 1197.52 1209.96
11 Australia 1219.61 1182.23
12 Italy 1187.74 1052.52
13 Netherlands 864.53 933.58
14 India 952.86 915.18
15 Israel 615.72 596.18
16 Sweden 660.2 586.7
17 Singapore 591.08 554.69
18 Belgium 419.4 451.36
19 Taiwan 500.26 445.6
20 Russia 388.33 402.2
21 Denmark 375.31 400.27
22 Austria 320.51 335.39
23 Brazil 240.12 255.22
24 Poland 247.86 209.17
25 Finland 221.34 202.86
26 Czech Republic 160.44 173.17
27 Norway 155.41 161.96
28 Portugal 141.66 140.68
29 Saudi Arabia 123.73 137.98
30 Ireland 128.26 133.22
31 New Zealand 133.05 125.64
32 Argentina 97.39 91.88
33 Iran 69.3 91.68
34 Greece 107.77 88.83
35 Chile 97.34 82.18
36 Mexico 80.88 79.15
37 Turkey 84.41 78.88
38 Hungary 88.76 78.39
39 South Africa 75.7 60.95
40 Slovenia 47.3 36.39
41 Pakistan 23.71 29.74
42 Thailand 32.6 29.64
43 Ukraine 32.82 27.68
44 Romania 27.71 26.28
45 Colombia 17.66 24.37
46 Iceland 23.85 23.08
47 Croatia 20.55 22.07
48 Estonia 17.47 21.7
49 Luxembourg 9.32 20.57
50 United Arab Emirates 15.76 17.14

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. It is important for users to understand that the data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, that they cover the natural sciences only and that outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output). We encourage users to combine the free-to-access Nature Index data with information from other sources.

The tables were last updated on 7 June 2018 with the most recent institution and article corrections.

*The change in adjusted FC accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. FC values have been adjusted to 2017 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.

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