2016 tables: Institutions - NPO/NGO

Table criteria

The 2016 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2015 to 31 December 2015.

2015 Institution Share 2015
1 Max Planck Society, Germany 745.05
2 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 540.36
3 Leibniz Association, Germany 221.68
4 Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Russia 161.38
5 Scripps Research, United States of America (USA) 139.12
6 Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology (BIST), Spain 98.66
7 The Francis Crick Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 54.75
8 Salk Institute for Biological Studies (Salk), United States of America (USA) 53.73
9 HHMI Janelia Farm Research Campus, United States of America (USA) 51.71
10 Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics (PI), Canada 47.84
11 Carnegie Institution for Science (CIS), United States of America (USA) 44.68
12 Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science (IACS), India 43.8
13 Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), United States of America (USA) 42.3
14 Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL), United States of America (USA) 37.85
15 Pasteur Institute, France 34.74
16 National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), United States of America (USA) 32.19
17 Wellcome Sanger Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 30.49
18 Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center (FHCRC), United States of America (USA) 30.41
19 Flanders Institute for Biotechnology (VIB), Belgium 25.81
20 Ames Laboratory, United States of America (USA) 24.03
21 Interuniversity Microelectronics Centre (IMEC), Belgium 23.01
22 Curie Institute, France 21.82
23 Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute (SBP), United States of America (USA) 21.17
24 Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (KNAW), Netherlands 20.43
25 Fraunhofer Society, Germany 20.33
26 Cluster of Excellence - Munich Center for Integrated Protein Science Munich (CiPS-M), LMU, Germany 20.17
27 Stowers Institute for Medical Research, United States of America (USA) 19.76
28 Cluster of Excellence - Precision Physics, Fundamental Interactions and Structure of Matter (PRISMA), JGU, Germany 19.62
29 Catalan Institution for Research and Advanced Studies (ICREA), Spain 18.73
30 John Innes Centre (JIC), United Kingdom (UK) 16.87
31 Vienna Biocenter (VBC), Austria 15.58
32 The Jackson Laboratory (JAX), United States of America (USA) 14.73
33 California Institute for Quantitative Biosciences (QB3), United States of America (USA) 14.64
34 Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research (WEHI), Australia 13.85
35 Southwest Research Institute (SwRI), United States of America (USA) 13.73
36 La Jolla Institute for Immunology (LJI), United States of America (USA) 13.69
37 Gladstone Institutes, United States of America (USA) 13.51
38 Buck Institute for Research on Aging, United States of America (USA) 12.62
39 Institut Laue Langevin (ILL), France 11.36
40 Rudjer Boskovic Institute (RBI), Croatia 11.32
41 Elettra - Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A., Italy 10.26
42 International Solvay Institutes, Belgium 10.12
43 Center for Scientific Studies (CECs), Chile 9.18
44 CIC nanoGUNE Consolider, Spain 9.15
45 American Museum of Natural History (AMNH), United States of America (USA) 9.11
46 Ludwig Cancer Research, United States of America (USA) 8.59
47 Cluster of Excellence - Nanosystems Initiative Munich (NIM), LMU, Germany 8.38
48 National Interuniversity Consortium of Materials Science and Technology (INSTM), Italy 8.32
49 Champalimaud Foundation, Portugal 8.25
50 Gulbenkian Science Institute (IGC), Portugal 8.18
51 Canadian Institute for Advanced Research (CIFAR), Canada 7.98
52 The Wistar Institute, United States of America (USA) 7.95
53 Italian Foundation for Cancer Research (FIRC), Italy 7.93
54 Centre for Cooperative Research in Biomaterials (CIC biomaGUNE), Spain 7.91
55 Garvan Institute of Medical Research, Australia 7.82
56 Institute of Microbial Chemistry (IMC), Japan 7.82
57 Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL), United States of America (USA) 7.68
58 Cancer Research UK (CRUK), United Kingdom (UK) 7.38
59 QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute, Australia 7.3
60 International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (ICGEB), Italy 7.28
61 Babraham Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 7.27
62 Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation (OMRF), United States of America (USA) 6.53
63 Clinical Research Institute of Montreal (IRCM), Canada 6.52
64 Center for Infectious Disease Research (CIDR), United States of America (USA) 6.48
65 Center for Cooperative Research in Biosciences (CIC bioGUNE), Spain 6.47
66 Cluster of Excellence - Center for Advancing Electronics Dresden (CFAED), TU Dresden, Germany 6.33
67 J. Craig Venter Institute (JCVI), United States of America (USA) 6.23
68 Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL), UChicago, United States of America (USA) 5.97
69 National Health Research Institutes (NHRI), Taiwan 5.53
70 Instituto de Investigeciones Bioquimicas de Buenos Aires (IIBBA), CONICET, Argentina 5.51
71 Institute for Systems Biology (ISB), United States of America (USA) 5.32
72 Van Andel Research Institute (VAI), United States of America (USA) 5.21
73 The Aerospace Corporation, United States of America (USA) 5.17
74 Telethon Foundation, Italy 5.16
75 Santa Fe Institute (SFI), United States of America (USA) 5.14
76 Structural Genomics Consortium (SGC), International 5.03
77 Rothamsted Research, United Kingdom (UK) 4.74
78 Florey Institute of Neuroscience and Mental Health, Australia 4.65
79 Universities Space Research Association (USRA), United States of America (USA) 4.56
80 Institute of Molecular Biology gGmbH (IMB), Germany 4.39
81 VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd., Finland 4.37
82 Institute of Physics, Bhubaneswar, India 4.35
83 Center for High Pressure Science and Technology Advanced Research (HPSTAR), China 4.29
84 National Graduate School of Engineering and Research Center (ENSICAEN), France 4.15
85 Florida Museum of Natural History (FLMNH), United States of America (USA) 4.06
86 SRI International, United States of America (USA) 4.05
87 National Institute of Chemistry, Slovenia, Slovenia 3.96
88 Cluster of Excellence - Werner Reichardt Centre for Integrative Neuroscience (CIN), Uni Tübingen, Germany 3.88
89 International Pacific Research Center (IPRC), UH Mānoa, United States of America (USA) 3.86
90 Center of Advanced European Studies and Research (CAESAR), Germany 3.83
91 Canadian Light Source Inc., Canada 3.81
92 National Institute of Chemical Physics and Biophysics (NICPB), Estonia 3.77
93 Cluster of Excellence - Cologne Excellence Cluster on Cellular Stress Responses in Aging-Associated Diseases (CECAD), UoC, Germany 3.74
94 TUM Cluster of Excellence - Origin and Structure of the Universe (Excellence Cluster Universe), Germany 3.69
95 National Observatory of Athens (NOA), Greece 3.67
96 Planetary Science Institute (PSI), United States of America (USA) 3.64
97 European Theoretical Spectroscopy Facility (ETSF), Belgium 3.63
98 Centre Suisse d'Electronique et Microtechnique SA (CSEM SA), Switzerland 3.61
99 Cluster of Excellence - Cells-in-Motion (CiM), WWU, Germany 3.59
100 Berkeley Geochronology Center (BGC), United States of America (USA) 3.58

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.