2016 tables: Institutions - corporate

Table criteria

The 2016 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2015 to 31 December 2015.

2015 Institution FC 2015
1 IBM Corporation, United States of America (USA) 62.14
2 Novartis International AG, Switzerland 48.57
3 F. Hoffmann-La Roche AG, Switzerland 45.66
4 GlaxoSmithKline plc. (GSK), United Kingdom (UK) 27.88
5 Merck & Co., Inc., United States of America (USA) 26.03
6 Samsung Group, South Korea 25.9
7 AstraZeneca plc, United Kingdom (UK) 23.98
8 Pfizer Inc., United States of America (USA) 20.41
9 Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Corporation (NTT), Japan 19.74
10 Amgen Inc., United States of America (USA) 17.02
11 GNS Science, New Zealand 13.97
12 Bristol-Myers Squibb (BMS), United States of America (USA) 13.61
13 BGI, China 13.47
14 DowDuPont Inc., United States of America (USA) 12.41
15 Toyota Group, Japan 11.62
16 Eli Lilly and Company, United States of America (USA) 10.98
17 Sanofi, France 10.91
18 BASF SE, Germany 10.12
19 Formosa Plastics Group, Taiwan 8.08
20 C. H. Boehringer Sohn AG & Co. KG (Boehringer Ingelheim), Germany 8.02
21 Bruker Corporation, United States of America (USA) 7.32
22 Johnson & Johnson, United States of America (USA) 7.12
23 Leidos Holdings, Inc., United States of America (USA) 7.01
24 Hitachi, Ltd., Japan 6.66
25 Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc., United States of America (USA) 6.64
26 Royal Dutch Shell plc (Shell), Netherlands 5.89
27 Aerodyne Research, Inc. (ARI), United States of America (USA) 5.8
28 Science Systems and Applications, Inc. (SSAI), United States of America (USA) 5.7
29 Microsoft Corporation, United States of America (USA) 5.66
30 General Electric Company (GE), United States of America (USA) 5.66
31 New England Biolabs, Inc. (NEB), United States of America (USA) 5.63
32 Mitsubishi Group, Japan 5.5
33 Toshiba Corporation, Japan 5.5
34 Xerox Corporation, United States of America (USA) 5.39
35 China National Chemical Corporation (ChemChina), China 5.36
36 National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research Ltd. (NIWA), New Zealand 5.26
37 Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited, Japan 5.25
38 Merck KGaA, Germany 5.25
39 China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation (CSIC), China 5.13
40 Ionis Pharmaceuticals, Inc., United States of America (USA) 4.97
41 FiberHome Technologies Group, China 4.84
42 Atmospheric and Environmental Research, Inc. (AER), United States of America (USA) 4.8
43 KWH Water B.V., Netherlands 4.7
44 HRL Laboratories LLC, United States of America (USA) 4.49
45 Waters Corporation, United States of America (USA) 4.44
46 Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc., United States of America (USA) 4.43
47 Thales S.A., France 4.4
48 Lockheed Martin Corporation, United States of America (USA) 4.26
49 Exxon Mobil Corporation (ExxonMobil), United States of America (USA) 4.26
50 Koninklijke DSM N.V. (DSM), Netherlands 3.89
51 Danaher Corporation, United States of America (USA) 3.88
52 Illumina, Inc., United States of America (USA) 3.87
53 Agilent Technologies, Inc., United States of America (USA) 3.79
54 NorthWest Research Associates, Inc. (NWRA), United States of America (USA) 3.77
55 Novo Nordisk A/S, Denmark 3.64
56 Center for Nanotechnology GmbH (CeNTech GmbH), Germany 3.51
57 Anglo American plc, United Kingdom (UK) 3.3
58 General Atomics, United States of America (USA) 3.2
59 Alexion Pharmaceuticals, Inc., United States of America (USA) 3.14
60 Gilead Sciences, Inc., United States of America (USA) 3.13
61 China Electronics Technology Group Corporation (CETC), China 3.02
62 Alphabet Inc., United States of America (USA) 3
63 Johnson Matthey (JM), United Kingdom (UK) 2.99
64 BP p.l.c., United Kingdom (UK) 2.97
65 Uni Research Ltd., Norway 2.9
66 AbbVie Inc., United States of America (USA) 2.89
67 GATS Inc., United States of America (USA) 2.87
68 Chevron Corporation, United States of America (USA) 2.85
69 Promega Corporation, United States of America (USA) 2.82
70 Koninklijke Philips N.V. (Philips), Netherlands 2.75
71 Intel Corporation, United States of America (USA) 2.71
72 D. E. Shaw Research, United States of America (USA) 2.7
73 Daiichi Sankyo Co., Ltd., Japan 2.69
74 Sangamo Therapeutics Inc., United States of America (USA) 2.59
75 Joel Ltd., Japan 2.58
76 Firmenich International SA, Switzerland 2.54
77 Osaka Bioscience Institute, Japan 2.41
78 Dow AgroSciences, United States of America (USA) 2.33
79 Nestlé S.A., Switzerland 2.33
80 Vertex Pharmaceuticals Incorporated, United States of America (USA) 2.33
81 OEwaves, Inc., United States of America (USA) 2.22
82 Austrian Centre of Industrial Biotechnology (ACIB), Austria 2.22
83 Siemens AG, Germany 2.2
84 Hamamatsu Photonics K.K., Japan 2.2
85 UCB S.A., Belgium 2.1
86 Eisai Co., Ltd., Japan 2.09
87 Western Digital Corporation, United States of America (USA) 2.08
88 Nokia Corporation, Finland 2.06
89 Bayer AG, Germany 2.01
90 Seattle Genetics, Inc., United States of America (USA) 2
91 Chengdu Institute of Organic Chemistry (CIOC), CAS, China 1.99
92 Foxconn Technology Group, Taiwan 1.97
93 STMicroelectronics, Switzerland 1.95
94 WuXi AppTec, China 1.93
95 China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation (CASC), China 1.9
96 Panasonic Corporation, Japan 1.88
97 AIT Austrian Institute of Technology GmbH, Austria 1.87
98 National Metrology and Testing (LNE), France 1.85
99 South Australian Water Corporation (SA Water), Australia 1.84
100 Cell Signaling Technology, Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.84

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. It is important for users to understand that the data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, that they cover the natural sciences only and that outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output). We encourage users to combine the free-to-access Nature Index data with information from other sources.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.