2016 tables: Institutions - physical sciences

The 2016 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2015 to 31 December 2015.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2015 Count 2015
1 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 327.91 1,735
2 Max Planck Society, Germany 320.14 1,056
3 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 206.26 857
4 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 169.91 520
5 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 139.00 353
6 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 130.09 450
7 National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN), Italy 123.46 596
8 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 103.42 283
9 Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Russia 91.81 502
10 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 86.17 321
11 Leibniz Association, Germany 81.68 230
12 Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain 74.52 534
13 The French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), France 68.10 541
14 National Research Council (CNR), Italy 67.41 303
15 European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Switzerland 63.12 374
16 Sorbonne University, France 55.68 545
17 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 54.30 241
18 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 54.12 178
19 UCL, United Kingdom (UK) 51.20 235
20 University of Würzburg (JMU), Germany 45.49 167
21 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 44.46 175
22 Dresden University of Technology (TU Dresden), Germany 44.32 215
23 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 43.93 210
24 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 43.43 192
25 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 41.69 119
26 Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), Germany 41.66 223
27 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 41.47 88
28 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 41.45 138
29 Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology (BIST), Spain 41.20 200
30 Lund University (LU), Sweden 40.58 163
31 University of Paris-Sud (UPSud), France 39.60 391
32 Chalmers University of Technology (Chalmers), Sweden 39.24 83
33 Aalto University, Finland 38.94 170
34 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 38.57 140
35 National Institute for Astrophysics (INAF), Italy 37.12 157
36 Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM), Spain 36.07 240
37 Vienna University of Technology (TU Wien), Austria 35.52 109
38 University of Groningen (RUG), Netherlands 34.78 146
39 Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium 33.96 102
40 Leiden University, Netherlands 33.66 108
41 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 33.42 243
42 University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU), Germany 32.72 97
43 Humboldt University of Berlin (HU Berlin), Germany 32.02 225
44 RWTH Aachen University (RWTH Aachen), Germany 31.93 167
45 The University of Nottingham (UoN), United Kingdom (UK) 31.64 65
46 Uppsala University (UU), Sweden 31.56 169
47 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 30.79 239
48 University of Bonn (Uni Bonn), Germany 30.37 166
49 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 30.26 239
50 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 30.06 241
51 Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI), Switzerland 30.01 153
52 University of Regensburg (UR), Germany 29.68 64
53 Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Denmark 29.52 73
54 University of Stuttgart, Germany 28.45 73
55 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 28.21 210
56 Free University of Berlin (FU Berlin), Germany 28.15 135
57 The University of Warwick (Warwick), United Kingdom (UK) 28.01 211
58 Polish Academy of Sciences (PAS), Poland 27.53 242
59 Sapienza University of Rome, Italy 26.80 272
60 University of Amsterdam (UvA), Netherlands 26.70 263
61 Italian Institute of Technology (IIT), Italy 26.45 98
62 Grenoble Alpes University (UGA), France 26.23 335
63 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 25.64 69
64 Stockholm University, Sweden 25.56 186
65 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 25.05 143
66 KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden 24.97 200
67 University of Paris, France 24.89 356
68 Hungarian Academy of Sciences (HAS), Hungary 24.48 168
69 Aarhus University (AU), Denmark 24.27 66
70 Radboud University Nijmegen (RU), Netherlands 24.10 243
71 University of Warsaw (UW), Poland 24.04 109
72 University of Basel (UB), Switzerland 23.90 54
73 Czech Academy of Sciences (CAS), Czech Republic 23.80 194
74 University of Göttingen, Germany 23.66 143
75 Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e), Netherlands 23.36 59
76 NWO-I, the Institutes Organisation of NWO, Netherlands 23.32 245
77 The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom (UK) 23.18 133
78 Leibniz University Hannover (LUH), Germany 22.62 55
79 Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati (SISSA), Italy 21.62 89
80 Linköping University (LiU), Sweden 21.61 54
81 Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU), Russia 21.24 245
82 National Research Center Kurchatov Institute (NRCKI), Russia 21.21 286
83 Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), United Kingdom (UK) 21.18 143
84 University of Vienna, Austria 20.87 74
85 University of Twente (UTwente), Netherlands 20.19 37
86 University of Barcelona (UB), Spain 19.91 121
87 University of Bern (UniBE), Switzerland 19.85 166
88 University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Spain 19.85 98
89 Friedrich Schiller University Jena (FSU), Germany 19.78 62
90 Goethe University Frankfurt (GU), Germany 19.49 64
91 University of Padova (UNIPD), Italy 19.43 188
92 Interuniversity Microelectronics Centre (IMEC), Belgium 18.80 41
93 Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Belgium 18.76 118
94 Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), United Kingdom (UK) 18.61 316
95 Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin), Germany 18.25 47
96 Jozef Stefan Institute (IJS), Slovenia 17.91 138
97 University of Toulouse, France 17.62 132
98 University of Cologne (UoC), Germany 17.61 58
99 University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 17.36 91
100 Ruhr University Bochum (RUB), Germany 17.23 78

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.