2016 tables: Institutions - physical sciences

The 2016 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2015 to 31 December 2015.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2015 Count 2015
1 Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), China 511.33 1,337
2 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 327.91 1,735
3 Max Planck Society, Germany 320.14 1,056
4 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 227.48 614
5 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 226.35 677
6 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 223.53 614
7 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 206.26 857
8 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 173.38 563
9 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 169.91 520
10 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 139.00 353
11 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 130.09 450
12 University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 125.51 447
13 Peking University (PKU), China 123.74 466
14 National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN), Italy 123.46 596
15 Tsinghua University, China 117.99 511
16 University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA) 117.65 334
17 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 110.85 321
18 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 109.06 289
19 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 108.35 308
20 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 107.80 314
21 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 105.41 379
22 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 103.42 283
23 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 102.50 338
24 Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore 100.43 218
25 University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), China 94.00 334
26 Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Russia 91.81 502
27 Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA) 90.61 235
28 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 90.31 276
29 Tohoku University, Japan 87.66 212
30 National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore 87.65 212
31 Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), United States of America (USA) 86.90 195
32 Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), South Korea 86.17 189
33 Nanjing University (NJU), China 86.17 299
34 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 86.17 321
35 Seoul National University (SNU), South Korea 86.16 240
36 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), United States of America (USA) 85.66 468
37 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 84.27 220
38 Leibniz Association, Germany 81.68 230
39 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 81.47 222
40 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 80.29 209
41 Fudan University, China 79.62 163
42 Kyoto University, Japan 79.59 253
43 Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), United States of America (USA) 79.18 228
44 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 74.81 285
45 Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain 74.52 534
46 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 73.71 202
47 University of Pennsylvania (Penn), United States of America (USA) 71.73 201
48 RIKEN, Japan 69.77 259
49 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 69.18 250
50 Rice University, United States of America (USA) 69.11 200
51 The French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), France 68.10 541
52 National Research Council (CNR), Italy 67.41 303
53 Soochow University, China 66.80 127
54 National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), United States of America (USA) 65.36 224
55 Zhejiang University (ZJU), China 63.50 167
56 National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Japan 63.32 180
57 European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Switzerland 63.12 374
58 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 62.69 206
59 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 62.37 244
60 Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), United States of America (USA) 61.93 336
61 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 61.17 204
62 U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), United States of America (USA) 61.12 185
63 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 61.10 259
64 Purdue University, United States of America (USA) 61.09 182
65 Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), South Korea 60.71 135
66 Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), United States of America (USA) 59.33 232
67 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 59.18 248
68 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 56.63 195
69 Sorbonne University, France 55.68 545
70 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 54.30 241
71 Technion-Israel Institute of Technology (IIT), Israel 54.15 169
72 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 54.12 178
73 IBM Corporation, United States of America (USA) 53.18 101
74 Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU), South Korea 52.02 199
75 UCL, United Kingdom (UK) 51.20 235
76 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), United States of America (USA) 50.42 259
77 Osaka University, Japan 49.07 196
78 Australian National University (ANU), Australia 48.59 127
79 National Taiwan University (NTU), Taiwan 48.16 163
80 Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics (PI), Canada 47.69 129
81 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (RU), United States of America (USA) 47.59 174
82 University of Würzburg (JMU), Germany 45.49 167
83 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 44.46 175
84 Dresden University of Technology (TU Dresden), Germany 44.32 215
85 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 43.93 210
86 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 43.43 192
87 Tel Aviv University (TAU), Israel 43.41 179
88 The Ohio State University (OSU), United States of America (USA) 42.60 254
89 Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), Japan 42.58 187
90 Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 42.04 184
91 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 41.69 119
92 Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), Germany 41.66 223
93 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 41.47 88
94 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 41.45 138
95 Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology (BIST), Spain 41.20 200
96 Yonsei University, South Korea 40.98 107
97 Sandia National Laboratories, United States of America (USA) 40.89 114
98 Arizona State University (ASU), United States of America (USA) 40.83 134
99 The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST), China 40.78 118
100 Lund University (LU), Sweden 40.58 163

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.