2016 tables: Institutions - physical sciences

Table criteria

The 2016 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2015 to 31 December 2015.

2015 Institution Share 2015
1 Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), China 511.32
2 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 328.35
3 Max Planck Society, Germany 319.96
4 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 227.48
5 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 226.22
6 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 223.53
7 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 205.29
8 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 174.16
9 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 169.91
10 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 139
11 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 130.09
12 University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 125.51
13 Peking University (PKU), China 123.74
14 National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN), Italy 123.46
15 Tsinghua University, China 117.99
16 University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA) 117.65
17 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 110.85
18 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 109.07
19 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 108.35
20 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 107.8
21 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 105.38
22 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 103.43
23 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 102.5
24 Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore 100.43
25 University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), China 94
26 Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Russia 91.81
27 Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA) 90.61
28 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 90.3
29 National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore 87.69
30 Tohoku University, Japan 87.66
31 Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), United States of America (USA) 86.9
32 Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), South Korea 86.17
33 Nanjing University (NJU), China 86.17
34 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 86.17
35 Seoul National University (SNU), South Korea 86.16
36 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), United States of America (USA) 85.66
37 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 84.27
38 Leibniz Association, Germany 81.65
39 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 81.47
40 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 80.29
41 Fudan University, China 79.62
42 Kyoto University, Japan 79.59
43 Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), United States of America (USA) 79.18
44 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 74.81
45 Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain 74.52
46 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 73.71
47 University of Pennsylvania (Penn), United States of America (USA) 71.73
48 The French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), France 70.17
49 RIKEN, Japan 69.77
50 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 69.18
51 Rice University, United States of America (USA) 69.11
52 National Research Council (CNR), Italy 67.28
53 Soochow University, China 66.8
54 National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), United States of America (USA) 65.36
55 Zhejiang University (ZJU), China 63.5
56 National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Japan 63.32
57 European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Switzerland 63.12
58 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 62.69
59 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 62.37
60 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 61.17
61 U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), United States of America (USA) 61.12
62 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 61.1
63 Purdue University, United States of America (USA) 61.09
64 Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), United States of America (USA) 60.72
65 Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), South Korea 60.69
66 Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), United States of America (USA) 59.33
67 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 59.18
68 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 56.63
69 Sorbonne University, France 55.68
70 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 54.3
71 Technion-Israel Institute of Technology (IIT), Israel 54.15
72 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 54.12
73 IBM Corporation, United States of America (USA) 53.18
74 Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU), South Korea 52.02
75 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), United States of America (USA) 50.42
76 University College London (UCL), United Kingdom (UK) 50.2
77 Osaka University, Japan 49.07
78 Australian National University (ANU), Australia 48.59
79 National Taiwan University (NTU), Taiwan 48.16
80 Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics (PI), Canada 47.69
81 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (RU), United States of America (USA) 47.61
82 University of Würzburg (JMU), Germany 45.49
83 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 44.79
84 Dresden University of Technology (TU Dresden), Germany 44.32
85 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 43.94
86 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 43.43
87 Tel Aviv University (TAU), Israel 43.41
88 The Ohio State University (OSU), United States of America (USA) 42.6
89 Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), Japan 42.58
90 Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), Germany 42.29
91 Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 42.07
92 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 41.69
93 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 41.47
94 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 41.45
95 Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology (BIST), Spain 41.2
96 Yonsei University, South Korea 40.98
97 Sandia National Laboratories, United States of America (USA) 40.89
98 Arizona State University (ASU), United States of America (USA) 40.83
99 The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST), China 40.78
100 Lund University (LU), Sweden 40.58

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.