2016 tables: Institutions - life sciences

Table criteria

The 2016 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2015 to 31 December 2015.

2015 Institution Share 2015
1 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 640.34
2 National Institutes of Health (NIH), United States of America (USA) 363.03
3 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 280.17
4 Max Planck Society, Germany 257.45
5 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 205.43
6 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 200.52
7 University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), United States of America (USA) 199.11
8 Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), China 195.53
9 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 183.69
10 University of Pennsylvania (Penn), United States of America (USA) 176.93
11 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 175.86
12 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 170.07
13 Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 165.41
14 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 164.25
15 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 159.13
16 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 155.05
17 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 153.99
18 Duke University, United States of America (USA) 144.68
19 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 144.08
20 University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 143.86
21 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 143.81
22 Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL), United States of America (USA) 143.22
23 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 140.12
24 University College London (UCL), United Kingdom (UK) 130.15
25 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 120.43
26 The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center (UT Southwestern Medical Center), United States of America (USA) 118.84
27 New York University (NYU), United States of America (USA) 117.88
28 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 117.42
29 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 109.66
30 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 106.78
31 Baylor College of Medicine (BCM), United States of America (USA) 100.51
32 The Rockefeller University, United States of America (USA) 100.28
33 The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), United States of America (USA) 98.86
34 McGill University, Canada 98.41
35 Vanderbilt University (VU), United States of America (USA) 88.36
36 University of California, Davis (UC Davis), United States of America (USA) 85.4
37 National Institute for Health and Medical Research (INSERM), France 85.36
38 Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC), United States of America (USA) 83.74
39 Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA) 81.2
40 University of Pittsburgh (Pitt), United States of America (USA) 80.63
41 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 78.76
42 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 76.92
43 Scripps Research, United States of America (USA) 76.22
44 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, United States of America (USA) 74.77
45 Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain 74.7
46 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 72.7
47 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 71.03
48 Emory University, United States of America (USA) 68.61
49 The University of British Columbia (UBC), Canada 67.23
50 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 66.17
51 University of Southern California (USC), United States of America (USA) 65.95
52 University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMass Medical School), United States of America (USA) 64.93
53 Karolinska Institute (KI), Sweden 64.73
54 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 64.55
55 The Ohio State University (OSU), United States of America (USA) 63.41
56 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 62.7
57 Mount Sinai Health System (MSHS), United States of America (USA) 60.83
58 Albert Einstein College of Medicine (Einstein), United States of America (USA) 60.15
59 RIKEN, Japan 60.14
60 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 58.86
61 Kyoto University, Japan 57.94
62 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 57.73
63 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 55.98
64 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 55.32
65 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 54.49
66 The Francis Crick Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 54.47
67 Peking University (PKU), China 53.77
68 Salk Institute for Biological Studies (Salk), United States of America (USA) 53.05
69 The University of Queensland (UQ), Australia 52.98
70 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 52.73
71 Case Western Reserve University (CWRU), United States of America (USA) 51.71
72 Leibniz Association, Germany 51.17
73 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 51.14
74 Tsinghua University, China 50.73
75 HHMI Janelia Farm Research Campus, United States of America (USA) 50.6
76 Osaka University, Japan 50.53
77 Boston University (BU), United States of America (USA) 50.4
78 Medical Research Council (MRC), United Kingdom (UK) 50.11
79 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (RU), United States of America (USA) 49.55
80 The University of Utah (Utah), United States of America (USA) 49.26
81 Indiana University (IU), United States of America (USA) 49.08
82 Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HUJI), Israel 48.74
83 University of Basel (UB), Switzerland 48.19
84 Scientific Institute for Research, Hospitalization and Healthcare (IRCCS), Italy 47.55
85 National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore 47.53
86 University of Freiburg (Uni Freiburg), Germany 46.62
87 The University of Iowa (UI), United States of America (USA) 46.57
88 Mayo Clinic, United States of America (USA) 44.53
89 European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Germany 44.34
90 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 44.2
91 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 43.6
92 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 43.14
93 University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus (CU Anschutz), United States of America (USA) 42.67
94 University of Florida (UF), United States of America (USA) 42.33
95 University of California, Irvine (UCI), United States of America (USA) 42.07
96 St. Jude Children's Research Hospital (St. Jude), United States of America (USA) 41.59
97 University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen), Germany 41.26
98 Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU), United States of America (USA) 40.53
99 Fudan University, China 39.86
100 University of Cincinnati (UC), United States of America (USA) 39.7

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.