2016 tables: Institutions - Earth & environmental sciences

Table criteria

The 2016 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2015 to 31 December 2015.

2015 Institution Share 2015
1 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 140.63
2 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 108.45
3 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 86.99
4 National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV), Italy 33.32
5 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 32.88
6 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 31.65
7 Leibniz Association, Germany 31.31
8 Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain 29.98
9 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 29.46
10 Max Planck Society, Germany 29.21
11 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 29.11
12 Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (EAWAG), Switzerland 27.85
13 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 27.41
14 University of Paris, France 25.51
15 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 24.85
16 Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Denmark 21.72
17 Stockholm University, Sweden 21.71
18 University College London (UCL), United Kingdom (UK) 21.51
19 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 20.56
20 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 19.88
21 Institute of Research for Development (IRD), France 19.46
22 University of Bern (UniBE), Switzerland 17.79
23 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 16.72
24 Ghent University (UGent), Belgium 16.26
25 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 16.15
26 Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Russia 16.08
27 National Research Council (CNR), Italy 16.07
28 Met Office, United Kingdom (UK) 15.65
29 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 15.45
30 University of Bayreuth (UBT), Germany 15.3
31 University of Bremen (Uni Bremen), Germany 15.14
32 NERC National Oceanography Centre (NOC), United Kingdom (UK) 14.09
33 National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and Environment (INRAE), France 13.85
34 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 13.68
35 University of Lausanne (UNIL), Switzerland 13.39
36 University of Reading, United Kingdom (UK) 13.26
37 Sorbonne University, France 12.99
38 Wageningen University & Research (WUR), Netherlands 12.68
39 Free University of Berlin (FU Berlin), Germany 12.66
40 University of Helsinki, Finland 12.18
41 University of Oslo (UiO), Norway 11.68
42 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 10.87
43 University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen), Germany 10.05
44 Lund University (LU), Sweden 10.02
45 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 9.96
46 Aarhus University (AU), Denmark 9.64
47 University of Potsdam, Germany 9.63
48 The French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), France 9.44
49 Newcastle University, United Kingdom (UK) 9.28
50 NERC British Antarctic Survey (BAS), United Kingdom (UK) 9.23
51 University of Bergen (UIB), Norway 9.05
52 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 8.91
53 Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology (EMPA), Switzerland 8.84
54 University of Münster (WWU), Germany 8.81
55 Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin), Germany 8.65
56 University of Lyon, France 8.55
57 Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium 8.45
58 VU University Amsterdam, Netherlands 8.45
59 Swedish Institute of Space Physics (IRF), Sweden 8.11
60 University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 8.11
61 University of Iceland, Iceland 8.1
62 British Geological Survey (BGS), United Kingdom (UK) 7.99
63 NWO-I, the Institutes Organisation of NWO, Netherlands 7.94
64 Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Sweden 7.7
65 Umeå University (UMU), Sweden 7.68
66 University of Lorraine (UL), France 7.59
67 Chalmers University of Technology (Chalmers), Sweden 7.38
68 University of Göttingen, Germany 7.31
69 University of Aberdeen, United Kingdom (UK) 7.31
70 Lancaster University, United Kingdom (UK) 7.26
71 University of Vienna, Austria 7.16
72 NERC National Centre for Atmospheric Science (NCAS), United Kingdom (UK) 6.95
73 France Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy, France 6.93
74 University of Kiel (CAU), Germany 6.89
75 University of Cologne (UoC), Germany 6.8
76 French Research Institute for Exploitation of the Sea (Ifremer), France 6.76
77 University of Birmingham (UB), United Kingdom (UK) 6.68
78 Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI), Finland 6.68
79 University of Barcelona (UB), Spain 6.56
80 University of East Anglia (UEA), United Kingdom (UK) 6.54
81 University of London - Royal Holloway (RHUL), United Kingdom (UK) 6.51
82 University of Toulouse, France 6.5
83 Grenoble Alpes University (UGA), France 6.47
84 Czech Academy of Sciences (CAS), Czech Republic 6.47
85 University of Bonn (Uni Bonn), Germany 6.44
86 Uppsala University (UU), Sweden 6.31
87 University of Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines (UVSQ), France 6.22
88 University Clermont Auvergne, France 6.17
89 Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), Germany 6.11
90 Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB), Spain 6.11
91 Goethe University Frankfurt am Main (GU), Germany 6.11
92 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 6.1
93 University of Basel (UB), Switzerland 6.1
94 University of York, United Kingdom (UK) 6.09
95 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 6.01
96 University of Turin (UNITO), Italy 6
97 École Normale Supérieure (ENS Paris), France 5.99
98 KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden 5.97
99 Complutense University of Madrid (UCM), Spain 5.96
100 University of Savoy (USMB), France 5.84

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.