2016 tables: Institutions - Earth & environmental sciences

Table criteria

The 2016 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2015 to 31 December 2015.

2015 Institution FC 2015
1 Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), China 167.24
2 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 140.63
3 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 107.84
4 National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), United States of America (USA) 95.58
5 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 86.99
6 U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), United States of America (USA) 76.68
7 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 74.18
8 University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 72.6
9 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 67.74
10 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 66.53
11 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), United States of America (USA) 63.96
12 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 62.26
13 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 50.61
14 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 48.5
15 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 45.4
16 Peking University (PKU), China 44.16
17 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 44.13
18 The University of Queensland (UQ), Australia 43.08
19 Nanjing University (NJU), China 41.85
20 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 41.14
21 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 40.61
22 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 40.41
23 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 38.44
24 Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), United States of America (USA) 36.87
25 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 36.69
26 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 36.6
27 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 36.11
28 Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), United States of America (USA) 35.1
29 National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV), Italy 33.32
30 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 33.06
31 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), United States of America (USA) 33.04
32 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 32.94
33 Arizona State University (ASU), United States of America (USA) 31.92
34 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 31.65
35 The University of Arizona (Arizona), United States of America (USA) 31.35
36 University of New South Wales (UNSW), Australia 30.96
37 Leibniz Association, Germany 30.77
38 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 30.53
39 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 30.37
40 Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain 29.98
41 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 29.52
42 National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), United States of America (USA) 29.49
43 University of Alberta (U of A), Canada 29.43
44 Max Planck Society, Germany 29.21
45 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 29.11
46 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 28.69
47 Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC), Canada 28.34
48 University of Hawai'i at Manoa (UH Mānoa), United States of America (USA) 28.02
49 Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (EAWAG), Switzerland 27.85
50 The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Australia 27.51
51 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 27.41
52 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), United States of America (USA) 26.78
53 Oregon State University, United States of America (USA) 26.65
54 Tsinghua University, China 26.44
55 University of Florida (UF), United States of America (USA) 26.29
56 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 25.61
57 Paris Diderot University (Paris 7), France 25.59
58 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 24.92
59 Australian National University (ANU), Australia 24.69
60 Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Denmark 24.69
61 Tongji University, China 24.46
62 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech), United States of America (USA) 23.93
63 Beijing Normal University (BNU), China 23.51
64 Brown University, United States of America (USA) 23.14
65 University of California, Riverside (UCR), United States of America (USA) 23.13
66 Tohoku University, Japan 23.11
67 Texas A&M University (TAMU), United States of America (USA) 22.76
68 University of California, Irvine (UCI), United States of America (USA) 22.12
69 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), United States of America (USA) 22
70 Purdue University, United States of America (USA) 21.76
71 University of California, Davis (UC Davis), United States of America (USA) 21.74
72 Stockholm University, Sweden 21.71
73 University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), China 21.69
74 University College London (UCL), United Kingdom (UK) 21.64
75 The University of Iowa (UI), United States of America (USA) 21.62
76 McGill University, Canada 21.52
77 Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), United States of America (USA) 21.37
78 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 20.56
79 University of Utah (Utah), United States of America (USA) 20.54
80 University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA) 20.45
81 Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC), Japan 20.25
82 Carnegie Institution for Science (CIS), United States of America (USA) 20.15
83 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 19.88
84 Colorado State University, United States of America (USA) 19.46
85 Institute of Research for Development (IRD), France 19.25
86 Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 19.12
87 Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore 19.11
88 Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL), United States of America (USA) 19.04
89 Rice University, United States of America (USA) 19.04
90 The University of British Columbia (UBC), Canada 18.93
91 Duke University, United States of America (USA) 18.52
92 State University of New York at Stony Brook (SUNY Stony Brook), United States of America (USA) 18.4
93 China University of Geosciences (CUG), China 18.29
94 University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC), United States of America (USA) 18.28
95 Monash University, Australia 17.9
96 University of Bern, Switzerland 17.79
97 Hokkaido University, Japan 17.71
98 Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), United States of America (USA) 17.47
99 University of Southern California (USC), United States of America (USA) 17.4
100 U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), United States of America (USA) 17.34

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. It is important for users to understand that the data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, that they cover the natural sciences only and that outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output). We encourage users to combine the free-to-access Nature Index data with information from other sources.

The annual tables for 2019 represent a set of data frozen on 13 May 2019. The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

Looking for more data? Create your own profile to see time trend graphs of institutions and countries. Registrants can also download data from tables and create website widgets.