2016 tables: Institutions

The 2016 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2015 to 31 December 2015.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2015 Count 2015
1 University of São Paulo (USP), Brazil 48.37 241
2 National Scientific and Technical Research Council (CONICET), Argentina 39.06 262
3 São Paulo State University (UNESP), Brazil 23.00 104
4 University of Chile, Chile 19.58 116
5 University of Buenos Aires (UBA), Argentina 18.48 156
6 Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Brazil 16.13 165
7 State University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Brazil 15.37 91
8 Brazil Ministry of Science, Technology, Innovation and Communication (MCTIC), Brazil 12.39 145
9 Pontifical Catholic University of Chile (PUC), Chile 11.82 139
10 National University of La Plata (UNLP), Argentina 10.31 122
11 Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG), Brazil 9.32 30
12 Center for Scientific Studies (CECs), Chile 9.18 20
13 Andres Bello University (UNAB), Chile 8.25 47
14 University of the Republic (UDELAR), Uruguay 7.99 20
15 University of Concepción (UdeC), Chile 7.52 63
16 Federal University of ABC (UFABC), Brazil 7.29 68
17 National University of Córdoba (UNC), Argentina 6.99 27
18 University of Valparaíso (UV), Chile 6.00 45
19 Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN), Brazil 5.22 18
20 Federal University of Santa Catarina (UFSC), Brazil 4.82 15
21 Federal University of Paraíba (UFPB), Brazil 4.73 12
22 Federal University of Pernambuco (UFPE), Brazil 4.52 12
23 Federal University of São Carlos (UFSCar), Brazil 4.48 17
24 Los Andes University, Colombia 4.48 63
25 Fluminense Federal University (UFF), Brazil 4.47 15
26 Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Brazil 4.14 21
27 Federal University of Ceará (UFC), Brazil 4.14 11
28 National Atomic Energy Commission (CNEA), Argentina 4.12 23
29 Rio de Janeiro State University (UERJ), Brazil 4.09 57
30 University of Santiago, Chile (Usach), Chile 4.07 13
31 University of Antioquia (UdeA), Colombia 4.00 19
32 Federal University of Goiás (UFG), Brazil 3.77 13
33 Federal University of Paraná (UFPR), Brazil 3.72 10
34 National University of Colombia (UNAL), Colombia 3.71 56
35 Federal University of Maranhão (UFMA), Brazil 3.33 4
36 Rosario National University (UNR), Argentina 3.22 17
37 Federico Santa María Technical University (UTFSM), Chile 3.22 90
38 Federal University of São Paulo (UNIFESP), Brazil 3.17 19
39 Pontifical Catholic University of Valparaíso (PUCV), Chile 3.15 15
40 Adolfo Ibáñez University (UAI), Chile 3.03 9
41 University of Brasília (UnB), Brazil 2.99 13
42 Diego Portales University (UDP), Chile 2.94 17
43 Federal University of Espírito Santo (UFES), Brazil 2.83 9
44 Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS), Brazil 2.77 8
45 São Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP), Brazil 2.46 16
46 Federal University of Santa Maria (UFSM), Brazil 1.96 4
47 Federal University of Viçosa (UFV), Brazil 1.90 8
48 National University of Río Cuarto, Argentina 1.82 3
49 Austral University of Chile (UACh), Chile 1.80 8
50 Federal University of Itajubá (UNIFEI), Brazil 1.63 3
51 Catholic University of the North (UCN), Chile 1.60 11
52 Venezuelan Institute for Scientific Research (IVIC), Venezuela 1.50 6
53 Federal University of Alagoas (UFAL), Brazil 1.46 5
54 Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (FIOCRUZ), Brazil 1.45 16
55 National Institute for Amazonian Research (INPA), Brazil 1.38 10
56 Brazil Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, and Supply, Brazil 1.38 9
57 National University of Cuyo (UNCUYO), Argentina 1.37 14
58 Geophysical Institute of Peru (IGP), Peru 1.35 8
59 Federal University of Juiz de Fora (UFJF), Brazil 1.34 77
60 Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro (PUC-Rio), Brazil 1.32 45
61 University of La Serena (ULS), Chile 1.29 7
62 National Geology and Mining Service (SERNAGEOMIN), Chile 1.28 4
63 State University of Maringá (UEM), Brazil 1.20 4
64 Federal University of Pará (UFPA), Brazil 1.19 10
65 Federal University of Pelotas (UFPel), Brazil 1.16 7
66 National University of the Litoral (UNL), Argentina 1.14 6
67 University of Bío-Bío (UBB), Chile 1.13 4
68 Universidad Autónoma de Chile (UA), Chile 1.02 2
69 National Commission for Scientific and Technological Research (CONICYT), Chile 1.01 18
70 Federal University of the State of Rio de Janeiro (UNIRIO), Brazil 1.00 1
71 Federal University of Technology - Paraná (UTFPR), Brazil 1.00 8
72 National University of South (UNS), Argentina 0.95 6
73 National University of General San Martín (UNSAM), Argentina 0.89 10
74 Mackenzie Presbyterian University (UPM), Brazil 0.85 3
75 Instituto Butantan, Brazil 0.76 2
76 National University of Mar Del Plata (UNMdP), Argentina 0.73 3
77 Brazil Ministry of Development, Industry and Foreign Trade (MDIC), Brazil 0.68 3
78 Federal University of Pampa (UNIPAMPA), Brazil 0.68 2
79 National University of San Juan (UNSJ), Argentina 0.67 2
80 Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Colombia 0.66 9
81 University of Valle, Colombia 0.65 3
82 Federal University of Bahia (UFBA), Brazil 0.64 9
83 Higher University of San Andrés (UMSA), Bolivia 0.62 4
84 Antonio Nariño University (UAN), Colombia 0.60 72
85 Federal University of Campina Grande (UFCG), Brazil 0.60 2
86 Federal University of Uberlândia (UFU), Brazil 0.56 3
87 Petróleo Brasileiro S.A. (Petrobras), Brazil 0.55 4
88 National Polytechnic School (EPN), Ecuador 0.54 5
89 Universidade Cruzeiro do Sul, Brazil 0.52 3
90 Yachay Tech University, Ecuador 0.50 7
91 National Institute for Translational Neuroscience, Brazil 0.50 1
91 Colombian Geological Service (SGC), Colombia 0.50 1
91 Universidad Nacional de Asuncion (UNA), Paraguay 0.50 1
91 Universidad de los Llanos, Colombia 0.50 1
92 National University of San Antonio Abad in Cuzco (UNSAAC), Peru 0.50 6
93 Companhia Ambiental do Estado de São Paulo (CETESB), Brazil 0.48 2
94 Instituto Federal do Espírito Santo (IFES), Brazil 0.46 3
95 National University of San Marcos (UNMSM), Peru 0.45 4
96 National Administration of Laboratories and Health Institutes (ANLIS), Argentina 0.44 2
97 Pontifical Catholic University of Peru (PUCP), Peru 0.44 18
98 Federal University of Lavras (UFLA), Brazil 0.43 4
99 Ponta Grossa State University (UEPG), Brazil 0.43 4
100 Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Virales Humanas "Dr. Julio I Maiztegui" (INEVH), Argentina 0.43 1
101 State University of Santa Cruz (UESC), Brazil 0.42 1
102 Contestado University (UNC), Brazil 0.40 1
102 Universidad del Desarrollo (UDD), Chile 0.40 1
103 Federal University of Ouro Preto (UFOP), Brazil 0.40 2
103 Brazil Ministry of Defense (DEFESA), Brazil 0.40 2
104 Pontifical Catholic University of Ecuador (PUCE), Ecuador 0.39 3
105 Fundación Ciencia y Vida, Chile 0.39 2
106 Simón Bolívar University (USB), Venezuela 0.39 2
107 Isaac Newton Institute of Chile in Estern Europe and Eurasia (INI), Chile 0.39 2
108 Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi (MPEG), Brazil 0.38 6
109 Glaciarium - Interpretive Centre, Argentina 0.37 2
109 Federal Rural University of Pernambuco (UFRPE), Brazil 0.37 2
110 Argentine Antarctic Institute (IAA), Argentina 0.35 3
111 Huesped Foundation (FH), Argentina 0.33 1
111 National Institute of Science and Technology for Structural Biology and Bioimaging (INBEB), Brazil 0.33 1
111 Temuco Catholic University, Chile 0.33 2
111 Servicio Geológico Minero Argentino (SEGEMAR), Argentina 0.33 1
112 Brazil Ministry of Education (MEC), Brazil 0.33 8
113 Charles Darwin Foundation (CDF), Ecuador 0.33 2
114 Federal University of Piauí (UFPI), Brazil 0.32 3
115 University of Antofagasta, Chile 0.31 4
116 National University of Tucumán (UNT), Argentina 0.31 2
117 National University of Comahue (UNCo), Argentina 0.30 4
118 Federal Rural University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRRJ), Brazil 0.30 3
119 Instituto de Pesquisas Ecológicas (IPÊ), Brazil 0.29 2
120 Universidad Central de Venezuela (UCV), Venezuela 0.29 5
121 Federal University of Sergipe (UFS), Brazil 0.27 2
122 Infant Foundation, Argentina 0.26 1
123 Institute for Neurological Research Dr. Raul Carrea (FLENI), Argentina 0.26 2
124 State University of Norte Fluminense (UENF), Brazil 0.26 4
125 The Nature Conservancy of Brazil (TNC), Brazil 0.25 1
125 Instituto Tecnológico Metropolitano (ITM), Colombia 0.25 1
125 Brazil Ministry of Justice, Brazil 0.25 1
125 Universidad de Oriente (UDO), Venezuela 0.25 1
125 Pluspetrol S.A., Argentina 0.25 1
125 Kawasaki SRL, Bolivia 0.25 1
125 Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul (UFMS), Brazil 0.25 1
125 Fundación Venezolana de Investigaciones Sismológicas (FUNVISIS), Venezuela 0.25 1
126 Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt Colombia, Colombia 0.24 2
127 Maimonides University, Argentina 0.23 3
128 Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology (IFET), Brazil 0.23 3
129 Universidad del Norte, Colombia 0.22 2
130 A.C. Camargo Cancer Center (CIPE), Brazil 0.22 2
131 Universidade Federal do Triângulo Mineiro (UFTM), Brazil 0.22 28
132 Ceará State University (UECE), Brazil 0.22 2
133 Universidad del Rosario, Colombia 0.21 5
134 University of Magallanes (UMAG), Chile 0.21 2
135 Compañía Minera del Pacífico S.A. (CAP Minería), Chile 0.21 2
136 National University of Salta (UNSa), Argentina 0.21 2
137 Universidade de Sorocaba (UNISO), Brazil 0.20 1
137 National Institute for Meteorology and Hydrology (INAMHI), Ecuador 0.20 1
137 Servicio Nacional de Meteorología e Hidrología del Perú (Senamhi), Peru 0.20 1
138 Laboratório Interinstitucional de e-Astronomia (LIneA), Brazil 0.20 4
139 National Technological University (UTN), Argentina 0.19 5
140 Agronomic Institute of Campinas (IAC), Brazil 0.19 3
141 Institute of Technology for Development (LACTEC), Brazil 0.18 1
141 Ecopetrol S.A., Colombia 0.18 1
142 Instituto Federal de Educação Ciência e Tecnologia do Maranhão (IFMA), Brazil 0.18 3
143 Brazilian Science Data Center (BSDC), Brazil 0.18 4
144 National University of Quilmes (UNQ), Argentina 0.17 1
144 National Departament of Mineral Production (DNPM), Brazil 0.17 1
144 Geopark Araripe, Brazil 0.17 1
144 Fundación Mata Ki Te Rangi, Chile 0.17 1
144 National University of Entre Ríos (UNER), Argentina 0.17 1
144 Universidad Academia de Humanismo Cristiano, Chile 0.17 1
144 Federal University of Mato Grosso (UFMT), Brazil 0.17 1
144 National University of Saint Augustine (UNSA), Peru 0.17 1
144 Torcuato di Tella University (UTDT), Argentina 0.17 2
145 University of Talca (UTALCA), Chile 0.16 3
146 Cayetano Heredia University (UPCH), Peru 0.16 4
147 Gabriel René Moreno Autonomous University (UAGRM), Bolivia 0.15 4
148 Yanayacu Biological Station & Center for Creative Studies, Ecuador 0.15 1
149 Amazon Environmental Research Institute (IPAM), Brazil 0.15 2
150 Metropolitan University of Educational Sciences (UMCE), Chile 0.14 1
150 Instituto Nacional de Innovación Agraria (INIA), Peru 0.14 1
151 Scientific University of the South (UCSUR), Peru 0.14 1
152 Institute of Scientific and Technological Research of the Armed Forces (CITEFA), Argentina 0.13 4
153 Mato Grosso State University (UNEMAT), Brazil 0.13 4
154 Amazonic Center for Research and Control of Tropical Diseases (CAICET), Venezuela 0.13 1
155 Universidade do Extremo Sul Catarinense (UNSEC), Brazil 0.13 2
156 Federal Center for Technological Education of Minas Gerais (CEFET-MG), Brazil 0.13 1
156 IPEXco Inc., Brazil 0.13 1
157 Instituto Boliviano de Investigación Forestal (IBIF), Bolivia 0.12 4
158 Hospital Nacional Posadas, Argentina 0.12 1
159 Favaloro University, Argentina 0.11 1
159 University of the Sacred Heart (USC), Brazil 0.11 1
159 Federal University of Southern Border (UFFS), Brazil 0.11 1
160 National University of Luján (UNLU), Argentina 0.10 2
161 Instituto Nacional de Salud (INS), Peru 0.10 1
162 Corporation for Biological Research (CIB), Colombia 0.10 1
163 Ecuador Ministry of Environment, Ecuador 0.10 1
164 University of the Frontier (UFRO), Chile 0.09 3
165 Intendencia de Montevideo (IM), Uruguay 0.09 1
165 Fundação Catarinense de Cultura (FCC), Brazil 0.09 1
165 Corporación Geológica ARES, Colombia 0.09 1
165 University of Caldas, Colombia 0.09 1
165 Jaguar Conservation Fund (JCF), Brazil 0.09 1
166 State University of Goiás (UEG), Brazil 0.09 3
167 Asociación Civil Impacta Salud y Educación, Peru 0.09 2
168 Plataforma Argentina de Biología Estructural y Metabolómica (PLABEM), Argentina 0.08 1
168 Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia do Norte de Minas Gerais (IFNMG), Brazil 0.08 1
168 Perupetro S.A., Peru 0.08 1
168 Universidad EAFIT, Colombia 0.08 1
168 Federal University of Latin American Integration (UNILA), Brazil 0.08 1
168 National University of the Patagonia San Juan Bosco (UNPSJB), Argentina 0.08 1
169 Federal University of Rondônia (UNIR), Brazil 0.08 2
170 Center for Rheumatology Studies (CER), Chile 0.08 1
170 Sanatorio Parque, Argentina 0.08 1
170 University of the State of Amazonas (UEA), Brazil 0.08 1
170 Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Neoplásicas (INEN), Peru 0.08 1
171 Institute of Agricultural Research (INIA), Chile 0.07 3
172 Museo Ecuatoriano de Ciencias Naturales (MECN), Ecuador 0.07 2
173 Fertility Patagonia, Argentina 0.07 1
173 Federal University of Roraima (UFRR), Brazil 0.07 1
173 Catholic University of Manizales (UCM), Colombia 0.07 1
173 Vale, Brazil 0.07 1
173 National University of San Luis (UNSL), Argentina 0.07 1
174 University of the Andes (ULA), Venezuela 0.07 3
175 Universidad Técnica Particular de Loja (UTPL), Ecuador 0.07 2
176 Institute for Clinical Effectiveness and Health Policy (IECS), Argentina 0.07 1
177 National Agricultural Technology Institute (INTA), Argentina 0.07 1
178 State University of Londrina (UEL), Brazil 0.06 1
178 Universidad Politécnica Salesiana (UPS), Ecuador 0.06 1
179 Instituto Amazónico de Investigaciones Científicas Sinchi, Colombia 0.06 2
180 Austral University, Argentina 0.06 1
180 National Cancer Institute (INCA), Brazil 0.06 1
181 Federal University of Acre (UFAC), Brazil 0.06 3
182 Hospital Francés, Argentina 0.06 1
183 National University of Engineering (UNI), Peru 0.06 2
184 National University of Central Buenos Aires (UNICEN), Argentina 0.06 1
185 Federal University of São João del-Rei (UFSJ), Brazil 0.05 72
186 Hospital Pedro de Elizalde, Argentina 0.05 2
187 Chilean National Museum of Natural History, Chile 0.05 1
187 National University of Río Negro (UNRN), Argentina 0.05 1
187 Hospital El Tunal, Colombia 0.05 1
188 Mendelics Genomic Analysis, Brazil 0.05 1
188 Victor J. Vilela Children’s Hospital, Argentina 0.05 1
188 Federal University Foundation of Rio Grande (FURG), Brazil 0.05 1
189 University of Tarapacá (UTA), Chile 0.05 2
190 Jardín Botánico de Missouri (JBM), Peru 0.05 3
191 Interamerican Open University (UAI), Argentina 0.05 1
191 Sanatorio Allende, Argentina 0.05 1
191 Maternal and Neonatal Hospital, Argentina 0.05 1
191 Institute for the Conservation of Neotropical Carnivores - "Pró-Carnívoros" (IPC), Brazil 0.05 1
191 PanAmerican Bioinformatics Institute (PABI), Colombia 0.05 1
192 Joaquin Antonio Uribe Botanical Garden of Medellín, Colombia 0.04 2
193 Universidad Mayor, Chile 0.04 1
193 Instituto de Pesquisa Pelé Pequeno Príncipe, Brazil 0.04 1
193 Centro Infantil Boldrini, Brazil 0.04 1
194 Genpharma Consultoria Farmaceutica e Genetica Ltda, Brazil 0.04 1
194 Christus College, Brazil 0.04 1
195 Hospital Guillermo Almenara Irigoyen, Peru 0.04 1
195 Fundación Cedrela, Colombia 0.04 1
196 Pierre Auger Observatory, Argentina 0.04 3
197 Universidad Nacional Experimental de los Llanos Occidentales Ezekiel Zamora (UNELLEZ), Venezuela 0.04 3
198 Universidad de los Andes (UANDES), Chile 0.04 1
199 Environmental Protection Agency (APPA), Argentina 0.04 1
199 National University of the Northeast (UNNE), Argentina 0.04 1
200 Chile Ministry of the Environment, Chile 0.03 1
200 University of Vale do Rio dos Sinos (Unisinos), Brazil 0.03 1
200 International Institute for Sustainability (IIS), Brazil 0.03 1
201 Universidad Nacional de la Amazonía Peruana (UNAP), Peru 0.03 3
202 Federal Center for Technological Education Celso Suckow da Fonseca (CEFET-RJ), Brazil 0.03 1
202 Brasil Ministry of Environment (MMA), Brazil 0.03 1
202 Comisión Chilena de Energía Nuclear (CCHEN), Chile 0.03 1
203 Universidad del Cauca, Colombia 0.03 1
204 Buenos Aires National Academy of Medicine, Argentina 0.03 1
205 Federal Rural University of the Amazon (UFRA), Brazil 0.03 2
206 Universidad de San Buenaventura, Colombia 0.03 1
207 Iwokrama International Centre for Rainforest Conservation and Development (IIC), Guyana 0.03 3
207 Universidad Estatal Amazónica (UEA), Ecuador 0.03 3
208 Federal University of Amazonas (UFAM), Brazil 0.03 2
209 Fundação Universidade Regional de Blumenau (FURB), Brazil 0.03 1
209 Research Center of the Man in the Desert (CIHDE), Chile 0.03 1
210 Universidad Autónoma del Beni "José Ballivián" (UABJB), Bolivia 0.02 3
211 University of Atacama (UDA), Chile 0.02 1
211 Catholic University of Brasília (UCB), Brazil 0.02 1
212 Hospital de Pediatría Garrahan, Argentina 0.02 2
213 Hospital Zonal General de Agudos Dr. Lucio Meléndez, Argentina 0.02 1
213 Hospital Español, Argentina 0.02 1
213 Swiss Medical Center, Argentina 0.02 1
214 Universidad Católica de la Santísima Concepción, Chile 0.02 1
215 University of La Sabana (Unisabana), Colombia 0.02 1
215 Central Military Hospital, Colombia 0.02 1
216 Center for Cell-based Therapy (CTC), Brazil 0.02 2
217 Fundação Museu do Homem Americano (FUMDHAM), Brazil 0.02 1
218 Universidad San Francisco de Quito (USFQ), Ecuador 0.02 8
219 Instituto de Investigaciones de la Amazonía Peruana (IIAP), Peru 0.02 3
220 Obra Social de los Empleados Públicos (OSEP), Argentina 0.02 1
221 The Professor Fernando Figueira Integral Medicine Institute (IMIP), Brazil 0.02 1
222 Hospital Infantil Universitario de San José, Colombia 0.02 1
223 Central University of Ecuador (UCE), Ecuador 0.02 2
223 Federal University of Western Pará (UFOPA), Brazil 0.02 2
224 Industrial University of Santander (UIS), Colombia 0.02 2
225 Centro de Investigación y Promoción del Campesinado (CIPCA), Bolivia 0.01 3
226 Geoinformática & Sistemas, Cia. Ltda. (GeoIS), Ecuador 0.01 1
226 Universidad Nacional Experimental de Guayana (UNEG), Venezuela 0.01 1
226 Instituto de Pesquisas Científicas e Tecnológicas do Amapá (IEPA), Brazil 0.01 1
227 Center for Clinical Medical Education and Research (CEMIC), Argentina 0.01 1
227 Hospital Zonal General de Agudos Mi Pueblo (HZGA Mi Pueblo), Argentina 0.01 1
227 Hospital Evita Pueblo, Argentina 0.01 1
228 Instituto Florestal, Brazil 0.01 1
229 Museo de Historia Natural Alcide dOrbigny, Bolivia 0.01 1
230 Fundación Cardiovascular de Colombia (FCV), Colombia 0.01 1
230 Fundación Cardio Infantil - Instituto de Cardiología, Colombia 0.01 1
231 National Agrarian University (UNALM), Peru 0.01 1
232 University of San Simón (UMSS), Bolivia 0.01 2
233 Clínica Alemana de Santiago S.A., Chile 0.01 1
233 Hospital Padre Hurtado (HPH), Chile 0.01 1
233 Comisión de Investigaciones Científicas (CIC), Argentina 0.01 1
234 Fundación Estación Biológica Guayacanal, Colombia 0.01 1
234 Fundacion Puerto Rastrojo, Colombia 0.01 1
234 Servicios de Biodiversidad EIRL, Peru 0.01 1
234 Amazon Regional University (IKIAM), Ecuador 0.01 1
234 Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 0.01 1
234 Agteca - Agrotecnologica Amazonica, Bolivia 0.01 1
235 State University of Feira de Santana (UEFS), Brazil 0.01 3
236 Centro Oftalmologico Lischinsky, Argentina 0.01 1
236 Organización Médica de Investigación (OMI), Argentina 0.01 1
237 Universidad Laica Eloy Alfaro de Manabí (ULEAM), Ecuador 0.01 1
237 Instituto de Botânica, Brazil 0.01 1
238 National University of Northwestern Buenos Aires (UNNOBA), Argentina 0.00 1
239 Faculdades Independente do Nordeste (FAINOR), Brazil 0.00 2
240 Universidad Técnica del Norte (UTN), Ecuador 0.00 1
241 Museo Nacional de Historia Natural (MNHN), Bolivia 0.00 1

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.