2016 tables: Institutions

The 2016 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2015 to 31 December 2015.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2015 Count 2015
1 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 794.03 4,289
2 Max Planck Society, Germany 745.30 2,262
3 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 541.52 1,990
4 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 438.28 1,221
5 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 432.89 1,242
6 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 377.17 902
7 Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain 235.76 1,138
8 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 228.57 576
9 UCL, United Kingdom (UK) 224.31 767
10 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 222.99 781
11 Leibniz Association, Germany 222.03 696
12 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 181.05 581
13 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 167.65 542
14 Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Russia 161.38 726
15 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 144.36 598
16 National Research Council (CNR), Italy 139.34 579
17 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 133.90 557
18 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 131.35 423
19 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 128.62 508
20 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 125.38 448
21 National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN), Italy 124.74 607
22 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 123.77 551
23 University of Würzburg (JMU), Germany 120.45 314
24 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 118.90 528
25 Sorbonne University, France 117.38 1,105
26 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 116.30 367
27 The French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), France 115.87 905
28 Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium 106.97 312
29 University of Münster (WWU), Germany 106.73 252
30 University of Göttingen, Germany 106.02 354
31 University of Groningen (RUG), Netherlands 103.86 336
32 Free University of Berlin (FU Berlin), Germany 103.10 461
33 Lund University (LU), Sweden 99.51 337
34 National Institute for Health and Medical Research (INSERM), France 99.23 905
35 University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU), Germany 98.79 267
36 Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology (BIST), Spain 98.66 371
37 University of Bonn (Uni Bonn), Germany 95.60 366
38 Stockholm University, Sweden 94.87 436
39 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 94.79 369
40 Uppsala University (UU), Sweden 94.29 401
41 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 93.16 297
42 University of Freiburg (Uni Freiburg), Germany 92.25 313
43 University of Basel (UB), Switzerland 91.58 278
44 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 90.44 266
45 RWTH Aachen University (RWTH Aachen), Germany 89.62 290
46 University of Paris, France 88.35 824
47 Humboldt University of Berlin (HU Berlin), Germany 87.61 496
48 Aarhus University (AU), Denmark 87.15 246
49 Dresden University of Technology (TU Dresden), Germany 86.41 376
50 Leiden University, Netherlands 86.38 310
51 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 83.95 330
52 University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen), Germany 81.88 269
53 The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom (UK) 79.11 287
54 Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), Germany 78.94 349
55 The University of Warwick (Warwick), United Kingdom (UK) 78.83 328
56 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 78.74 197
57 Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Denmark 77.55 213
58 University of Paris-Sud (UPSud), France 76.75 700
59 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 74.98 228
60 University of Regensburg (UR), Germany 74.09 160
61 Karolinska Institute (KI), Sweden 73.20 318
62 Goethe University Frankfurt (GU), Germany 72.16 202
63 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 72.05 391
64 University of Bern (UniBE), Switzerland 71.83 336
65 Radboud University Nijmegen (RU), Netherlands 71.66 452
66 Ghent University (UGent), Belgium 70.94 259
67 Czech Academy of Sciences (CAS), Czech Republic 70.46 357
68 Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM), Spain 69.93 363
69 The University of Nottingham (UoN), United Kingdom (UK) 69.11 171
70 University of Barcelona (UB), Spain 68.90 343
71 Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin), Germany 65.76 139
72 University of Strasbourg, France 63.26 380
73 European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Switzerland 63.25 378
74 University of Amsterdam (UvA), Netherlands 62.33 456
75 Chalmers University of Technology (Chalmers), Sweden 60.84 133
76 University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 60.63 232
77 University of Stuttgart, Germany 59.94 143
78 Ruhr University Bochum (RUB), Germany 59.79 192
79 University of Toulouse, France 58.88 411
80 University of Cologne (UoC), Germany 58.79 203
81 Polish Academy of Sciences (PAS), Poland 58.40 327
82 University of Helsinki, Finland 58.32 304
83 Medical Research Council (MRC), United Kingdom (UK) 57.98 189
84 KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden 57.55 367
85 Aalto University, Finland 55.77 214
86 University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 55.10 341
87 The Francis Crick Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 54.75 139
88 University of Vienna, Austria 53.53 183
89 University of Lyon, France 53.11 405
90 Philipps University of Marburg (Uni Marburg), Germany 53.08 123
91 Grenoble Alpes University (UGA), France 52.79 567
92 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 52.77 183
93 Scientific Institute for Research, Hospitalization and Healthcare (IRCCS), Italy 52.58 244
94 Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e), Netherlands 52.46 112
95 University of Birmingham (UB), United Kingdom (UK) 51.12 294
96 Vienna University of Technology (TU Wien), Austria 50.47 148
97 University of York, United Kingdom (UK) 49.81 133
98 Sapienza University of Rome, Italy 49.45 368
99 Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), United Kingdom (UK) 49.16 249
100 Novartis International AG, Switzerland 48.57 136
101 Italian Institute of Technology (IIT), Italy 48.01 155
102 European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Germany 47.65 217
103 Aix-Marseille University (AMU), France 47.39 451
104 University of Montpellier, France 47.14 373
105 VU Amsterdam, Netherlands 46.75 338
106 University of Lausanne (UNIL), Switzerland 46.46 155
107 University of Valencia (UV), Spain 46.29 263
108 University of Bayreuth (UBT), Germany 46.23 98
109 F. Hoffmann-La Roche AG, Switzerland 45.66 106
110 University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Spain 45.38 205
111 Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI), Switzerland 45.23 217
112 University of Oslo (UiO), Norway 45.06 267
113 University of Bath, United Kingdom (UK) 44.99 108
114 University of Padova (UNIPD), Italy 44.71 282
115 Leipzig University, Germany 44.68 132
116 Friedrich Schiller University Jena (FSU), Germany 44.50 169
117 University of Konstanz, Germany 43.99 89
118 The University of Dublin, Ireland 43.95 137
119 Hungarian Academy of Sciences (HAS), Hungary 42.25 252
120 University of Kiel (CAU), Germany 41.06 165
121 Newcastle University, United Kingdom (UK) 40.33 172
122 National Institute for Astrophysics (INAF), Italy 39.77 167
123 NWO-I, the Institutes Organisation of NWO, Netherlands 39.31 319
124 Complutense University of Madrid (UCM), Spain 38.86 160
125 National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and Environment (INRAE), France 38.75 347
126 Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Belgium 38.74 178
127 Ulm University, Germany 38.43 134
128 University of Bordeaux, France 38.39 249
129 Linköping University (LiU), Sweden 38.25 110
130 Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU), Russia 38.01 312
131 Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf (HHU), Germany 37.77 114
132 Cardiff University, United Kingdom (UK) 37.54 136
133 University of Turin (UNITO), Italy 37.50 230
134 National Institute of Applied Sciences (INSA), France 37.42 301
135 University of Warsaw (UW), Poland 37.18 139
136 Queen's University Belfast (QUB), United Kingdom (UK) 37.15 103
137 Umeå University (UMU), Sweden 36.50 109
138 Leibniz University Hannover (LUH), Germany 36.20 83
139 University of Florence (UNIFI), Italy 36.15 198
140 University of Duisburg-Essen (UDE), Germany 35.93 108
141 Wageningen University & Research (WUR), Netherlands 35.87 144
142 Pasteur Institute, France 34.82 205
143 University of Gothenburg (GU), Sweden 34.34 122
144 University of Naples Federico II (UNINA), Italy 33.98 264
145 University of Bremen (Uni Bremen), Germany 33.48 116
146 National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV), Italy 33.36 72
147 University of Sussex, United Kingdom (UK) 33.19 166
148 Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), United Kingdom (UK) 32.72 401
149 Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB), Spain 32.70 232
150 University of Strathclyde, United Kingdom (UK) 32.09 106
151 University of Lisbon (ULISBOA), Portugal 32.02 193
152 Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (EAWAG), Switzerland 31.98 92
153 Jagiellonian University (UJ), Poland 31.30 157
154 University of Santiago de Compostela (USC), Spain 31.23 137
155 University of Potsdam, Germany 30.85 117
156 Catholic University of Louvain (UCLouvain), Belgium 30.65 134
157 Wellcome Sanger Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 30.49 178
158 Bielefeld University, Germany 30.01 64
159 University of Leicester, United Kingdom (UK) 29.84 113
160 University of Twente (UTwente), Netherlands 29.67 62
161 Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway 29.59 82
162 Charles University (CU), Czech Republic 29.52 255
163 University of Milano-Bicocca (UNIMIB), Italy 29.47 185
164 University of Reading, United Kingdom (UK) 29.41 101
165 Institute of Research for Development (IRD), France 29.37 425
166 University of Antwerp (UA), Belgium 29.29 140
167 University of Bologna (UNIBO), Italy 29.04 291
168 Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology (EMPA), Switzerland 28.66 78
169 University of Innsbruck (LFU), Austria 28.61 169
170 Saint Petersburg State University (SPbU), Russia 28.01 101
171 Technical University of Darmstadt (TU Darmstadt), Germany 27.95 97
172 University of Southern Denmark (SDU), Denmark 27.22 97
173 University of Crete (UOC), Greece 27.21 73
174 Austrian Academy of Sciences (ÖAW), Austria 26.95 176
175 Saarland University (Saar-Uni), Germany 26.61 75
176 GlaxoSmithKline plc. (GSK), United Kingdom (UK) 26.58 84
177 University of Jyväskylä, Finland 26.49 150
178 Technical University Braunschweig (TU Braunschweig), Germany 26.43 91
179 University of Milan (UNIMI), Italy 26.30 248
180 Flanders Institute for Biotechnology (VIB), Belgium 25.81 140
181 École Normale Supérieure (ENS Paris), France 25.23 272
182 University of Graz (Uni Graz), Austria 25.20 66
183 Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati (SISSA), Italy 25.16 97
184 University College Dublin (UCD), Ireland 25.04 180
185 University of Oviedo (UniOvi), Spain 25.01 103
186 University of East Anglia (UEA), United Kingdom (UK) 24.92 96
187 Lancaster University, United Kingdom (UK) 24.86 172
188 University of Rostock, Germany 24.57 102
189 AstraZeneca plc, United Kingdom (UK) 24.04 86
190 Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR), Netherlands 23.90 149
191 University of Porto (UP), Portugal 23.27 111
192 Interuniversity Microelectronics Centre (IMEC), Belgium 23.01 53
193 TU Dortmund University, Germany 22.92 184
194 University of Zaragoza (Unizar), Spain 22.75 98
195 Giessen University (JLU), Germany 22.48 166
196 University of Dundee, United Kingdom (UK) 22.00 85
197 National Research Center Kurchatov Institute (NRCKI), Russia 21.97 297
198 Curie Institute, France 21.83 138
199 Pompeu Fabra University (UPF), Spain 21.51 93
200 Heriot-Watt University, United Kingdom (UK) 21.47 56
201 Jozef Stefan Institute (IJS), Slovenia 21.27 151
202 European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF), France 21.24 124
203 University of Aberdeen, United Kingdom (UK) 21.15 84
204 University of Seville (US), Spain 21.12 100
205 University of Siegen, Germany 20.96 117
206 University of Lille Nord de France, France 20.89 146
207 Fraunhofer Society, Germany 20.84 102
208 University of Bergen (UIB), Norway 20.79 208
209 University of Turku (UTU), Finland 20.60 84
210 Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (KNAW), Netherlands 20.46 101
211 Grenoble Institute of Technology (Grenoble INP), France 19.84 316
212 Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Sweden 19.74 84
213 École Polytechnique, France 19.61 202
214 Netherlands Cancer Institute (NKI), Netherlands 19.55 77
215 Institute of Health Carlos III (ISCIII), Spain 19.55 160
216 Medical University of Vienna (MUW), Austria 19.52 96
217 Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU), Germany 19.50 80
218 University of Wrocław (UWr), Poland 19.22 49
219 University of Liège (ULg), Belgium 19.10 69
220 University of Rome Tor Vergata, Italy 18.91 195
221 Catalan Institution for Research and Advanced Studies (ICREA), Spain 18.73 270
222 Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP), Italy 18.68 146
223 University of Fribourg (UNIFR), Switzerland 18.65 68
224 University of Girona (UdG), Spain 18.43 48
225 University of Rennes 1, France 18.10 131
226 University of Granada (UGR), Spain 17.45 146
227 Swansea University, United Kingdom (UK) 17.43 56
228 The National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (NASU), Ukraine 17.01 123
229 Free University of Brussels (VUB), Belgium 17.01 122
230 University of Kaiserslautern (TU Kaiserslautern), Germany 16.89 50
231 John Innes Centre (JIC), United Kingdom (UK) 16.87 42
232 Polytechnic University of Milan, Italy 16.63 84
233 University of Pisa (UNIPI), Italy 16.57 234
234 University of Lorraine (UL), France 16.31 98
235 University of Oldenburg, Germany 16.05 56
236 Met Office, United Kingdom (UK) 15.79 46
237 University of La Laguna (ULL), Spain 15.66 83
238 The Institute of Cancer Research (ICR), United Kingdom (UK) 15.65 47
239 Vienna Biocenter (VBC), Austria 15.58 73
240 University of Augsburg, Germany 15.46 44
241 Masaryk University (MU), Czech Republic 15.42 70
242 Hannover Medical School (MHH), Germany 15.42 95
243 University of London - Royal Holloway (RHUL), United Kingdom (UK) 15.24 143
244 University of the Balearic Islands (UIB), Spain 15.20 40
245 Polytechnic University of Valencia (UPV), Spain 15.17 48
246 NERC National Oceanography Centre (NOC), United Kingdom (UK) 15.04 69
247 University of Surrey, United Kingdom (UK) 14.91 54
248 University of Aveiro (UA), Portugal 14.90 48
249 École Normale Supérieure de Lyon (ENS de Lyon), France 14.50 149
250 University of Trieste (UNITS), Italy 14.49 160
251 Polytechnic University of Catalonia (UPC), Spain 14.44 59
252 University of Pavia (UNIPV), Italy 14.38 181
253 University of Murcia (UMU), Spain 14.25 29
254 University of Iceland, Iceland 14.17 69
255 New University of Lisbon (UNL), Portugal 14.12 92
256 University of Greifswald, Germany 14.09 55
257 University of Genova, Italy 14.07 218
258 University of Belgrade, Serbia 14.00 158
259 Spanish National Cancer Research Centre (CNIO), Spain 13.95 46
260 University of Wuppertal, Germany 13.71 116
261 University of Salerno (UNISA), Italy 13.68 58
262 Graz University of Technology (TU Graz), Austria 13.64 52
263 European Southern Observatory (ESO), Germany 13.39 91
264 University of Ljubljana, Slovenia 13.29 133
265 ESPCI ParisTech, France 13.25 98
266 University of Coimbra (UC), Portugal 13.24 121
267 Palacky University (PU), Czech Republic 13.23 115
268 Novosibirsk State University (NSU), Russia 13.19 103
269 Johannes Kepler University of Linz (JKU), Austria 13.10 35
270 IMDEA Institutes, Spain 13.05 58
271 ITMO National Research University (ITMO University), Russia 13.03 41
272 Rovira i Virgili University (URV), Spain 12.99 38
273 University of Trento (UNITN), Italy 12.98 93
274 Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB), Germany 12.77 29
275 Jaume I University (UJI), Spain 12.77 47
276 Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM), Germany 12.53 30
277 Eötvös Loránd University (ELTE), Hungary 12.49 70
278 Foundation for Research and Technology - Hellas (FORTH), Greece 12.13 52
279 University College Cork (UCC), Ireland 12.08 54
280 Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP), France 12.03 176
281 Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR), Russia 11.95 197
282 University of Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines (UVSQ), France 11.94 164
283 Tampere University, Finland 11.83 135
284 University of Tromsø - The Arctic University of Norway (UiT), Norway 11.82 52
285 University of Oulu, Finland 11.51 55
286 University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna (BOKU), Austria 11.48 30
287 Institut Laue Langevin (ILL), France 11.36 68
288 Rudjer Boskovic Institute (RBI), Croatia 11.32 94
289 Birkbeck, University of London (BBK), United Kingdom (UK) 11.28 53
290 Jacobs University Bremen, Germany 11.27 30
291 Ilmenau University of Technology (TU Ilmenau), Germany 11.25 24
292 Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology - State University (MIPT), Russia 11.08 104
293 University of Tartu (UT), Estonia 11.08 58
294 National University of Ireland Galway (NUI Galway), Ireland 11.00 41
295 Institute of Science and Technology Austria (IST Austria), Austria 10.94 28
296 Collège de France, France 10.91 118
297 Sanofi, France 10.91 33
298 University of Chemistry and Technology, Prague (UCT), Czech Republic 10.78 26
299 École Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Montpellier (ENSCM), France 10.74 88
300 University Clermont Auvergne, France 10.70 191
301 Scuola Normale Superiore (SNS), Italy 10.55 139
302 University of Nantes, France 10.49 116
303 University of Mons (UMONS), Belgium 10.39 85
304 Budapest University of Technology and Economics (BME), Hungary 10.38 47
305 National Centre for Scientific Research 'Demokritos' (NCSR), Greece 10.37 65
306 Elettra - Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A., Italy 10.26 43
307 Technical University of Madrid (UPM), Spain 10.23 33
308 University of Savoy (USMB), France 10.20 225
309 Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań (AMU), Poland 10.18 43
310 Institut Polytechnique de Bordeaux (Bordeaux INP), France 10.17 68
311 University of Aalborg (AAU), Denmark 10.14 45
312 BASF SE, Germany 10.12 59
313 International Solvay Institutes, Belgium 10.12 42
314 Miguel Hernández University of Elche (UMH), Spain 10.08 27
315 Maastricht University (UM), Netherlands 10.03 49
316 University of Bari Aldo Moro (UniBA), Italy 9.88 144
317 University of Perugia, Italy 9.70 121
318 University of Alicante (UA), Spain 9.63 35
319 Warsaw University of Technology (WUT), Poland 9.52 65
320 Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg (OVGU), Germany 9.44 40
321 NERC British Antarctic Survey (BAS), United Kingdom (UK) 9.40 34
322 National Museum of Natural History (MNHN), France 9.29 113
323 AGH University of Science and Technology (AGH UST), Poland 9.21 144
324 National and Kapodistrian University of Athens (UOA), Greece 9.20 171
325 CIC nanoGUNE Consolider, Spain 9.15 28
326 London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM), United Kingdom (UK) 9.13 47
327 Swedish Institute of Space Physics (IRF), Sweden 9.12 27
328 University of Parma (UNIPR), Italy 9.10 49
329 University of Salamanca (USAL), Spain 9.08 41
330 University of Osnabrück (Uni Osnabrück), Germany 9.04 30
331 Loughborough University, United Kingdom (UK) 9.03 42
332 University of Limerick (UL), Ireland 8.97 18
333 University of Calabria (UNICAL), Italy 8.93 103
334 Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales (CNES), France 8.93 185
335 Natural History Museum, United Kingdom (UK) 8.87 39
336 Institut Mines-Télécom (IMT), France 8.60 82
337 University of Castilla-La Mancha (UCLM), Spain 8.58 40
338 University of Kassel, Germany 8.56 22
339 The Open University (OU), United Kingdom (UK) 8.52 40
340 Gustave Eiffel University, France 8.49 79
341 University of Cyprus, Cyprus 8.45 58
342 Medical University of Innsbruck (MUI), Austria 8.44 38
343 University of Minho (UM), Portugal 8.38 101
344 École Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Rennes (ENSCR), France 8.35 69
345 British Geological Survey (BGS), United Kingdom (UK) 8.34 32
346 National Interuniversity Consortium of Materials Science and Technology (INSTM), Italy 8.32 50
347 Champalimaud Foundation, Portugal 8.25 16
348 University of Ferrara (UNIFE), Italy 8.21 88
349 Gulbenkian Science Institute (IGC), Portugal 8.18 24
350 France Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy, France 8.18 131
351 Polytechnic University of Turin, Italy 8.14 47
352 Cancer Research UK (CRUK), United Kingdom (UK) 8.13 75
353 European Commission (EC), Belgium 8.12 37
354 C. H. Boehringer Sohn AG & Co. KG (Boehringer Ingelheim), Germany 8.06 18
355 National Centre for Nuclear Research (NCBJ), Poland 8.01 121
356 University of Plymouth, United Kingdom (UK) 7.98 35
357 Technische Universität Bergakademie Freiberg (TUBAF), Germany 7.97 19
358 Italian Foundation for Cancer Research (FIRC), Italy 7.93 40
359 Centre for Cooperative Research in Biomaterials (CIC biomaGUNE), Spain 7.91 22
360 University of Ioannina (UOI), Greece 7.83 67
361 European Space Agency (ESA), France 7.78 48
362 Bangor University, United Kingdom (UK) 7.78 22
363 University of Cagliari (UNICA), Italy 7.71 66
364 University of Debrecen, Hungary 7.70 65
365 University of Namur (UNamur), Belgium 7.64 19
366 Dublin City University (DCU), Ireland 7.59 19
367 French Research Institute for Exploitation of the Sea (Ifremer), France 7.48 54
368 University of Alcalá (UAH), Spain 7.47 30
369 University of Vigo (UVIGO), Spain 7.35 25
370 University of Salzburg, Austria 7.34 23
371 International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (ICGEB), Italy 7.28 16
372 Babraham Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 7.27 28
373 Università della Svizzera Italiana (USI), Switzerland 7.25 22
374 University of Roma Tre, Italy 7.19 111
375 Vilnius University (VU), Lithuania 7.18 59
376 University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna (VUM), Austria 7.11 20
377 Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI), Finland 7.03 26
378 University of Patras, Greece 7.00 27
379 NERC National Centre for Atmospheric Science (NCAS), United Kingdom (UK) 6.95 46
380 University of Portsmouth, United Kingdom (UK) 6.83 32
381 University of Orléans, France 6.82 62
382 University of Málaga (UMA), Spain 6.81 26
383 University of Eastern Finland (UEF), Finland 6.81 53
384 University of Verona (UNIVR), Italy 6.79 41
385 University of Paderborn (UPB), Germany 6.73 20
386 University of Lübeck, Germany 6.71 80
387 National Technical University of Athens (NTUA), Greece 6.63 103
388 University of Hull, United Kingdom (UK) 6.59 30
389 National Research Nuclear University MEPhI (Moscow Engineering Physics Institute), Russia 6.52 151
390 Hasselt University (UHasselt), Belgium 6.50 19
391 Center for Cooperative Research in Biosciences (CIC bioGUNE), Spain 6.47 23
392 National Physical Laboratory (NPL), United Kingdom (UK) 6.44 22
393 Catalan Health Institute (ICS), Spain 6.38 54
394 National Institute for Research in Computer Science and Control (INRIA), France 6.35 189
395 University of Salento, Italy 6.25 109
396 Wrocław University of Science and Technology (WRUT), Poland 6.25 14
397 Pablo de Olavide University (UPO), Spain 6.25 29
398 Ural Federal University (UrFU), Russia 6.25 27
399 Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (AUTH), Greece 6.19 94
400 Institute Gustave-Roussy (IGR), France 6.17 62
401 University of Modena and Reggio Emilia (UNIMORE), Italy 6.12 68
402 NERC Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (CEH), United Kingdom (UK) 6.11 28
403 Paris Observatory, France 6.10 120
404 University of Valladolid (UVa), Spain 6.09 21
405 University of Siena (UNISI), Italy 6.03 64
406 Eastern Mediterranean University (EMU), Cyprus 6.00 6
407 University of Silesia (US), Poland 5.98 20
408 École Pratique des Hautes Études (EPHE), France 5.97 98
409 Royal Dutch Shell plc (Shell), Netherlands 5.89 21
410 Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland (GEUS), Denmark 5.85 16
411 AgroParisTech, France 5.80 59
412 Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust (OUH), United Kingdom (UK) 5.79 81
413 Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Ukraine 5.71 38
414 University of Navarra (UNAV), Spain 5.70 18
415 Linnaeus University (LNU), Sweden 5.70 12
416 University of Insubria, Italy 5.65 30
417 Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń (NCU), Poland 5.64 32
418 Catalan Institute for Water Research (ICRA), Spain 5.63 19
419 Rigshospitalet, Denmark 5.62 44
420 Tomsk State University (TSU), Russia 5.61 56
421 University of L'Aquila (UNIVAQ), Italy 5.49 34
422 University of Catania, Italy 5.46 105
423 University of Burgundy, France 5.45 43
424 Lobachevsky State University of Nizhni Novgorod (UNN), Russia 5.40 30
425 Chemnitz University of Technology (TU Chemnitz), Germany 5.38 27
426 Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (BAS), Bulgaria 5.34 72
427 Merck KGaA, Germany 5.29 24
428 Paris-Est Créteil University (UPEC), France 5.23 52
429 University of Messina (UNIME), Italy 5.22 41
430 Keele University, United Kingdom (UK) 5.17 21
431 Telethon Foundation, Italy 5.16 25
432 Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland (RCSI), Ireland 5.13 32
433 University of Chieti (Ud'A), Italy 5.10 16
434 University of Gdańsk (UG), Poland 5.05 19
435 University of Kent, United Kingdom (UK) 5.04 39
436 Caen University (UNICAEN), France 5.02 41
437 Slovak Academy of Sciences (SAS), Slovakia 5.01 110
438 Le Mans University, France 5.00 29
439 University of Hohenheim, Germany 4.98 15
440 Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics (SIB), Switzerland 4.97 61
441 University of Cantabria (UC), Spain 4.94 77
442 University of Cádiz (UCA), Spain 4.92 19
443 University of Neuchâtel (UniNE), Switzerland 4.88 15
444 University of Zagreb, Croatia 4.81 46
445 Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University (SPbPU), Russia 4.81 62
446 Saratov State University (SGU), Russia 4.79 11
447 German Federal Institute of Hydrology (BfG), Germany 4.79 8
448 Institut d'Optique Graduate School (IOGS), France 4.78 34
449 Rothamsted Research, United Kingdom (UK) 4.74 18
450 CY Cergy Paris University, France 4.72 40
451 Liverpool John Moores University (LJMU), United Kingdom (UK) 4.72 32
452 KWH Water B.V., Netherlands 4.70 11
453 University of Rouen, France 4.70 30
454 International Iberian Nanotechnology Laboratory (INL), Portugal 4.69 9
455 University of Brescia (UNIBS), Italy 4.66 26
456 University of Angers, France 4.65 46
457 Comenius University in Bratislava (UK), Slovakia 4.65 108
458 University Institute of France (IUF), France 4.61 49
459 University of Poitiers, France 4.57 18
460 University of La Rioja (UR), Spain 4.54 9
461 University of Eastern Piedmont "Amedeo Avogadro" (UNIPMN), Italy 4.51 89
462 Kazan Federal University (KFU), Russia 4.47 28
463 Superior National School of Advanced Techniques (ENSTA ParisTech), France 4.45 28
464 University of Koblenz and Landau, Germany 4.42 9
465 University of Luxembourg, Luxembourg 4.41 21
466 Sofia University St. Kliment Ohridski, Bulgaria 4.40 50
467 Thales S.A., France 4.40 34
468 Institute of Molecular Biology gGmbH (IMB), Germany 4.39 14
469 University of Tours (UFR), France 4.39 30
470 University of A Coruña (UDC), Spain 4.38 14
471 Åbo Akademi University, Finland 4.38 30
472 VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd., Finland 4.37 45
473 Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute (SMHI), Sweden 4.36 34
474 National Interuniversity Consortium for the Physical Sciences of Matter (CNISM), Italy 4.35 33
475 Cranfield University, United Kingdom (UK) 4.28 22
476 University of Applied Sciences and Arts Northwestern Switzerland (FHNW), Switzerland 4.25 14
477 Northumbria University, United Kingdom (UK) 4.23 16
478 Polytechnic University of Bari, Italy 4.20 95
479 Semmelweis University (SE), Hungary 4.20 31
480 European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF), United Kingdom (UK) 4.16 13
481 National Graduate School of Engineering and Research Center (ENSICAEN), France 4.15 35
482 Horia Hulubei National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering (IFIN HH), Romania 4.14 156
483 University of Évry-Val d'Essonne (UEVE), France 4.12 85
484 University of Haute-Alsace (UHA), France 4.06 42
485 Swedish Museum of Natural History, Sweden 4.00 28
486 Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research (WSL), Switzerland 4.00 26
487 University of Palermo (UNIPA), Italy 3.98 49
488 University of Western Brittany (UBO), France 3.98 56
489 University of Essex, United Kingdom (UK) 3.97 16
490 National Institute of Chemistry, Slovenia, Slovenia 3.96 16
491 University of Jaén (UJU), Spain 3.96 10
492 Chimie ParisTech (ENSCP), France 3.94 46
493 Spanish National Center for Cardiovascular Research (CNIC), Spain 3.92 17
494 Aston University, United Kingdom (UK) 3.91 16
495 University of Burgos (UBU), Spain 3.91 9
496 Koninklijke DSM N.V. (DSM), Netherlands 3.89 22
497 Czech Technical University in Prague (CTU), Czech Republic 3.85 122
498 Center of Advanced European Studies and Research (CAESAR), Germany 3.83 13
499 National Institute of Chemical Physics and Biophysics (NICPB), Estonia 3.77 67
500 Higher Institute for Electronics and Digital Training (ISEN), France 3.75 39

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.