2016 tables: Institutions

Table criteria

The 2016 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2015 to 31 December 2015.

2015 Institution Share 2015
1 National Research Council (CNR), Italy 139.21
2 National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN), Italy 124.74
3 Scientific Institute for Research, Hospitalization and Healthcare (IRCCS), Italy 52.58
4 Sapienza University of Rome, Italy 49.45
5 Italian Institute of Technology (IIT), Italy 47.88
6 University of Padova (UNIPD), Italy 44.71
7 National Institute for Astrophysics (INAF), Italy 39.77
8 University of Turin (UNITO), Italy 37.5
9 University of Florence (UNIFI), Italy 36.54
10 University of Naples Federico II (UNINA), Italy 33.98
11 National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV), Italy 33.36
12 University of Milano-Bicocca (UNIMIB), Italy 29.47
13 University of Bologna (UNIBO), Italy 29.04
14 University of Milan (UNIMI), Italy 26.3
15 Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati (SISSA), Italy 25.16
16 University of Rome Tor Vergata, Italy 18.91
17 Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP), Italy 18.68
18 Polytechnic University of Milan, Italy 16.63
19 University of Pisa (UNIPI), Italy 16.57
20 University of Trieste (UNITS), Italy 14.49
21 University of Pavia (UNIPV), Italy 14.38
22 University of Genova, Italy 14.07
23 University of Salerno (UNISA), Italy 13.68
24 University of Trento (UNITN), Italy 12.98
25 Scuola Normale Superiore (SNS), Italy 10.55
26 Elettra - Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A., Italy 10.26
27 University of Bari Aldo Moro (UniBA), Italy 9.88
28 University of Perugia, Italy 9.7
29 University of Parma (UNIPR), Italy 9.1
30 University of Calabria (UNICAL), Italy 8.93
31 National Interuniversity Consortium of Materials Science and Technology (INSTM), Italy 8.32
32 University of Ferrara (UNIFE), Italy 8.21
33 Polytechnic University of Turin, Italy 8.14
34 Italian Foundation for Cancer Research (FIRC), Italy 7.93
35 University of Cagliari (UNICA), Italy 7.71
36 International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (ICGEB), Italy 7.28
37 University of Roma Tre, Italy 7.19
38 University of Verona (UNIVR), Italy 6.79
39 University of Salento, Italy 6.25
40 University of Modena and Reggio Emilia (UNIMORE), Italy 6.12
41 University of Siena (UNISI), Italy 6.03
42 University of Insubria, Italy 5.65
43 University of L'Aquila (UNIVAQ), Italy 5.49
44 University of Catania, Italy 5.46
45 University of Messina (UNIME), Italy 5.22
46 Telethon Foundation, Italy 5.16
47 University of Chieti (Ud'A), Italy 5.1
48 University of Brescia (UNIBS), Italy 4.66
49 University of Eastern Piedmont "Amedeo Avogadro" (UNIPMN), Italy 4.51
50 National Interuniversity Consortium for the Physical Sciences of Matter (CNISM), Italy 4.35
51 Polytechnic University of Bari, Italy 4.2
52 University of Palermo (UNIPA), Italy 3.98
53 University of Camerino (UNICAM), Italy 3.45
54 Catholic University of the Sacred Heart (UCSC), Italy 3.37
55 Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development (ENEA), Italy 3.34
56 Gran Sasso Science Institute (GSSI), Italy 3.32
57 Ca' Foscari University of Venice (UNIVE), Italy 3.31
58 University of Udine (UNIUD), Italy 3.2
59 Marche Polytechnic University (UNIVPM), Italy 3.07
60 University of Urbino, Italy 3
61 Venetian Institute of Molecular Medicine (VIMM), Italy 2.92
62 Italy Ministry of Health, Italy 2.72
63 Bruno Kessler Foundation (FBK), Italy 2.52
64 University of Sassari (UniSS), Italy 2.51
65 Fondazione Piemontese per la Ricerca sul Cancro Onlus (FPRC), Italy 2.44
66 University of Magna Graecia (UMG), Italy 2.4
67 University of Campania Luigi Vanvitelli, Italy 2.3
68 Istituto Nazionale di Ricerca Metrologica (INRIM), Italy 2.16
69 Edmund Mach Foundation, Italy 2.06
70 University of Basilicata, Italy 1.99
71 National Institute of Oceanography and Experimental Geophysics (OGS), Italy 1.8
72 Techint Group, Italy 1.58
73 University of Tuscia (UNITUS), Italy 1.46
74 Eni s.p.a., Italy 1.28
75 Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn Napoli (SZN), Italy 1.26
76 IMT School for Advanced Studies Lucca, Italy 1.25
77 ReiThera Srl, Italy 1.12
78 Institute for Scientific Interchange (ISI), Italy 0.98
79 Niguarda Hospital, Italy 0.91
80 University of Teramo (UniTE), Italy 0.78
81 Council for Agricultural Research and Analysis of Agricultural Economics (CREA), Italy 0.72
82 Siena Biotech S.p.A, Italy 0.71
83 Ceinge - Biotecnologie Avanzate S.C. a r.l., Italy 0.7
84 Institute for Research Chemical and Biochemical G. Ronzoni, Italy 0.63
85 Italian Space Agency (ASI), Italy 0.62
86 Euro-Mediterranean Center on Climate Change (CMCC), Italy 0.6
87 Bracco Imaging S.p.A., Italy 0.58
88 University of Molise (UNIMOL), Italy 0.56
89 Istituto Toscano Tumori (ITT), Italy 0.54
90 LUISS Guido Carli University, Italy 0.5
91 Ospedale di Parma, Italy 0.47
92 Institute for Advanced Study (IUSS Pavia), Italy 0.47
93 Innovative Solutions S.r.l., Italy 0.47
94 Il Museo della Fisica e il Centro Studi e Ricerche Enrico Fermi (Centro Fermi), Italy 0.46
95 Italfarmaco S.p.A., Italy 0.45
96 Parthenope University of Naples, Italy 0.45
97 European Brain Research Institute (EBRI), Italy 0.44
98 National Institute for Environmental Protection and Research (ISPRA), Italy 0.42
99 University Hospital of Verona, Italy 0.41
100 Centro Ricerche Fiat (CRF) S.C.p.A., Italy 0.4
100 Gran Paradiso National Park, Italy 0.4
101 Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM), Italy 0.39
102 Center for Advanced Studies, Research and Development in Sardinia (CRS4), Italy 0.37
103 Rome International Center for Materials Science of Superstripes (RICMASS), Italy 0.35
104 Fondazione Eleonora Lorillard Spencer Cenci, Italy 0.33
105 Foro Italico University of Rome, Italy 0.33
106 University of Foggia (UNIFG), Italy 0.33
107 Civil Protection Department, Italy 0.32
108 Campus Bio-Medico University, Italy 0.32
109 Emergency, Italy 0.29
110 Wise S.r.l., Italy 0.29
111 San Raffaele S.p.A., Italy 0.27
112 Milan Center for Neuroscience, Italy 0.26
113 Compagnia di San Paolo, Italy 0.25
114 University of Bergamo, Italy 0.25
115 GENERA, Italy 0.25
115 AMRA S.c. a r.l., Italy 0.25
115 Centre of Integrated Geomorphology for the Mediterranean Area (CGIAM), Italy 0.25
116 Siena University Hospital, Italy 0.24
117 Newron Pharmaceuticals SpA, Italy 0.23
118 Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale della Puglia e della Basilicata, Italy 0.22
119 A.O.U. Citta della Salute e della Scienza di Torino, Italy 0.21
120 Soprintendenza per i Beni Archeologici della Toscana, Italy 0.2
120 Istituto Italiano di Preistoria e Protostoria (IIPP), Italy 0.2
120 Sifagest Scarl, Italy 0.2
121 Bocconi University, Italy 0.19
122 San Luigi University Hospital, Italy 0.19
123 Cluster in Biomedicine, Italy 0.18
124 Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies of Pisa (SSSA), Italy 0.17
125 Azienda Sanitaria Locale (ASL Latina), Italy 0.17
125 The Autonomous Province of Trento, Italy 0.17
126 Mediterranean Institute of Fundamental Physics (MIFP), Italy 0.16
127 University of Cassino and Southern Lazio (UNICAS), Italy 0.16
128 Azienda Ospedaliera SS. Antonio e Biagio e Cesare Arrigo, Italy 0.16
129 Italian Foundation Myelodysplastic Syndromes ONLUS (FISM), Italy 0.16
130 Ephoran Multi Imaging Solutions S.r.l., Italy 0.15
131 Azienda USL di Modena, Italy 0.15
131 High Technology Consortium for Cultural Heritage (DATABENC S.C.a R.L), Italy 0.15
132 Fondazione Ri.MED, Italy 0.15
133 CBM s.c.r.l., Italy 0.14
133 Ricerca sul Sistema Energetico S.p.A. (RSE), Italy 0.14
133 Geological Observatory of Coldigioco (OGC), Italy 0.14
133 e-GEOS, Italy 0.14
134 Free University of Bozen-Bolzano (UniBz), Italy 0.14
135 Chromaleont s.r.L., Italy 0.14
136 Ospedale di Circolo, Italy 0.13
137 Porto Conte Ricerche srl, Italy 0.13
138 Galliera Hospital, Italy 0.13
139 Veneto Nanotech s.c.p.a., Italy 0.13
140 Fondazione Pisa, Italy 0.12
141 MIST E-R S.C.R.L., Italy 0.11
142 BioRep Srl, Italy 0.11
142 MultiMedica Group, Italy 0.11
143 European Academy of Bozen/Bolzano (EURAC), Italy 0.11
144 Enel Foundation, Italy 0.11
145 Lega Italiana Protezione Uccelli (LIPU), Italy 0.1
145 Paleosofia-APEMA Research and Educational Service, Italy 0.1
145 M.I.H. Foundation - Mediterranean Institute of Haematology, Italy 0.1
145 Biki Technologies s.r.l., Italy 0.1
146 Universita' degli Studi Niccolo' Cusano, Italy 0.1
147 Centro Regionale Malattie del Sangue, Italy 0.09
148 General Hospital of Bolzano, Italy 0.09
149 Centro Traumatologico Ortopedico (CTO), Italy 0.09
150 IGA Technology Services, Italy 0.09
151 Azienda Sanitaria di Firenze (ASF), Italy 0.08
152 Saes Group, Italy 0.08
152 Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Bari (IAM), Italy 0.08
152 Ospedale G.Tatarella di Cerignola, Italy 0.08
152 Istituto Clinico Città Studi S.P.A., Italy 0.08
153 Ospedale Regionale Per Le Microcitemie, Italy 0.08
154 Guglielmo Marconi University (GMU), Italy 0.07
155 Ispettorato Ripartimentale Foreste di Trieste e Gorizia, Italy 0.07
155 Società per la Preistoria e Protostoria della Regione Friuli Venezia, Italy 0.07
155 Soprintendenza per i Beni Archeologici del Friuli Venezia Giulia, Italy 0.07
156 Museo Archeologico Del Finale, Italy 0.07
156 Laboratory of the Chamber of Commerce of Bari (SAMER), Italy 0.07
157 AREA Science Park, Italy 0.06
158 Ospedale S.S. Annunziata Chieti, Italy 0.06
159 A.O. Ordine Mauriziano di Torino, Italy 0.06
160 Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale delle Venezie (IZSVe), Italy 0.06
160 Antonio Cardarelli Hospital, Italy 0.06
160 Edo and Elvo Tempia Valenta Foundation (FEETV), Italy 0.06
160 Azienda Ospedaliera Papa Giovanni XXIII, Italy 0.06
160 Hospital Amedeo di Savoia - Birago di Vische, Italy 0.06
160 Azienda Sanitaria Locale n°2 Savonese, Italy 0.06
160 General Hospital of Sanremo, Italy 0.06
160 Dasp S.r.l., Italy 0.06
161 Golgi-Cenci Foundation, Italy 0.05
162 Azienda Ospedaliera Cannizzaro - Catania, Italy 0.05
163 University of Sannio, Italy 0.05
164 Azienda Ospedaliera Spedali Civili di Brescia, Italy 0.05
164 MolMed S.p.A., Italy 0.05
165 Azienda Ospedaliero - Universitaria "Ospedali Riuniti" Trieste, Italy 0.04
166 San Camillo-Forlanini Hospital, Italy 0.04
166 Centro Oncologico - Fondazione Tommaso Campanella, Italy 0.04
167 Intesa Sanpaolo, Italy 0.04
167 Fondazione Cariplo, Italy 0.04
168 E.T.C. Srl, Italy 0.04
169 Bari University Hospital, Italy 0.04
170 Enel S.p.A., Italy 0.04
171 Selex ES S.p.A, Italy 0.04
172 European School of Molecular Medicine (SEMM), Italy 0.04
173 Lincean Academy, Italy 0.03
173 Museo Preistorico Nazionale dei Balzi Rossi, Italy 0.03
174 Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Policlinico 'G. Martino' - Messina, Italy 0.03
174 San Giovanni Bosco Hospital, Italy 0.03
175 Ospedale Pediatrico Microcitemico Antonio Cao, Italy 0.03
175 Azienda Ospedaliero Universitaria di Sassari (AOU Sassari), Italy 0.03
176 VisMederi srl, Italy 0.03
177 Regione Lazio, Italy 0.02
178 Cancer Research and Prevention Institute (ISPO), Italy 0.02
179 Azienda USL 1 di Massa e Carrara, Italy 0.02
180 San Bortolo Hospital, Italy 0.02
181 Hospital Bassini Cinisello Balsamo, Italy 0.02
181 SISA Foundation, Italy 0.02
181 Soprintendenza Archeologia della Lombardia, Italy 0.02
182 John Paul II Foundation, Italy 0.01
183 Pegaso University (Unipegaso), Italy 0.01
184 CF consulting Finanziamenti Unione Europea s.r.l., Italy 0.01
185 Provincia autonoma di Bolzano, Italy 0.01
186 Azienda Ospedaliera "Bianchi Melacrino Morelli", Italy 0.01
187 Acciaierie Venete S.p.A., Italy 0.01
188 Azienda Sanitaria Provinciale di Ragusa (ASP Ragusa), Italy 0.01
189 Piedmont Reference Center for Epidemiology and Cancer Prevention (CPO Piemonte), Italy 0.01
190 Alessandro Manzoni Hospital, Italy 0.01
191 Hospital of Monfalcone, Italy 0.01
192 MUSE - Museo delle Scienze di Trento, Italy 0.01
193 Gradenigo Hospital, Italy 0
194 Associazione per lo Studio della Trombosi in Cardiologia, Italy 0
195 Azienda Ospedaliera San Paolo, Italy 0
196 United Hospitals Villa Sofia-Cervello, Italy 0
197 Santa Croce and Carle Hospital, Italy 0
197 Hospital of the Province of Lecco, Italy 0
197 Desio Hospital, Italy 0
197 Magenta Hospital, Italy 0
197 Hospital Valduce, Italy 0
197 Fondazione Italiana Fegato (FIF), Italy 0
197 Treviglio Hospital, Italy 0
198 eCampus University, Italy 0
199 University for Foreigners Perugia (UNISTRAPG), Italy 0
199 National Institute for Documentation, Innovation and Educational Research (INDIRE), Italy 0
199 Mediterranea University of Reggio Calabria (UNIRC), Italy 0
199 Università Iuav di Venezia (IUAV), Italy 0
199 Italy Ministry of Education, Universities and Research (MIUR), Italy 0
199 Istituto Nazionale per la Valutazione del Sistema Educativo di Istruzione e di Formazione (INVALSI), Italy 0
199 Orientale University of Naples, Italy 0
199 University of Macerata (UNIMC), Italy 0
200 National Cancer Institute of Milan, Italy 0
200 Azienda Ospedaliera Civile M.P. Arezzo, Italy 0

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.