2016 tables: Institutions

Table criteria

The 2016 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2015 to 31 December 2015.

2015 Institution Share 2015
1 Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), China 1,617.39
2 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 883.03
3 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 794.03
4 Max Planck Society, Germany 745.30
5 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 636.27
6 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 567.76
7 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 541.52
8 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 527.00
9 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 438.28
10 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 432.89
11 University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 426.81
12 National Institutes of Health (NIH), United States of America (USA) 391.01
13 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 377.17
14 Peking University (PKU), China 369.67
15 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 368.46
16 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 363.83
17 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 345.08
18 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 338.34
19 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 328.52
20 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 325.91
21 University of Pennsylvania (Penn), United States of America (USA) 312.66
22 Kyoto University, Japan 311.72
23 Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA) 302.78
24 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 296.28
25 Nanjing University (NJU), China 290.48
26 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 287.13
27 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 281.28
28 Tsinghua University, China 278.84
29 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 269.21
30 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 269.04
31 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 266.33
32 Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 263.38
33 University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), China 261.56
34 Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore 254.33
35 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 253.18
36 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 243.06
37 Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain 235.76
38 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 228.57
39 UCL, United Kingdom (UK) 224.31
40 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 222.99
41 Zhejiang University (ZJU), China 222.83
42 Leibniz Association, Germany 222.03
43 University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA) 216.45
44 Duke University, United States of America (USA) 213.84
45 National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore 212.58
46 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 211.59
47 Fudan University, China 209.78
48 University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), United States of America (USA) 208.12
49 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 207.29
50 Osaka University, Japan 206.39
51 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 196.92
52 Tohoku University, Japan 194.63
53 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 190.87
54 McGill University, Canada 190.41
55 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), United States of America (USA) 187.12
56 Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL), United States of America (USA) 184.49
57 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 181.05
58 The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), United States of America (USA) 180.45
59 University of California, Davis (UC Davis), United States of America (USA) 177.02
60 New York University (NYU), United States of America (USA) 176.99
61 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 171.74
62 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 167.65
63 Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), United States of America (USA) 167.21
64 Seoul National University (SNU), South Korea 166.96
65 Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Russia 161.38
66 Texas A&M University (TAMU), United States of America (USA) 161.19
67 The Ohio State University (OSU), United States of America (USA) 157.55
68 Nankai University (NKU), China 157.34
69 Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), South Korea 156.06
70 The University of British Columbia (UBC), Canada 154.94
71 Purdue University, United States of America (USA) 152.11
72 RIKEN, Japan 151.88
73 Nagoya University, Japan 148.32
74 The University of Queensland (UQ), Australia 146.87
75 University of Florida (UF), United States of America (USA) 146.68
76 University of Southern California (USC), United States of America (USA) 144.91
77 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 144.36
78 Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), Japan 140.83
79 Soochow University, China 140.28
80 National Research Council (CNR), Italy 139.34
81 Scripps Research, United States of America (USA) 139.12
82 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (RU), United States of America (USA) 135.19
83 University of Pittsburgh (Pitt), United States of America (USA) 135.05
84 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 133.90
85 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 131.35
86 University of California, Irvine (UCI), United States of America (USA) 129.81
87 Vanderbilt University (VU), United States of America (USA) 129.67
88 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 128.62
89 Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), United States of America (USA) 127.47
90 The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center (UT Southwestern Medical Center), United States of America (USA) 127.13
91 National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), United States of America (USA) 125.69
92 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 125.38
93 Sun Yat-sen University (SYSU), China 125.08
94 National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN), Italy 124.74
95 Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HUJI), Israel 123.99
96 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 123.77
97 The University of Utah (Utah), United States of America (USA) 120.61
98 University of Würzburg (JMU), Germany 120.45
99 Xiamen University (XMU), China 119.69
100 Hokkaido University, Japan 119.43
101 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 118.90
102 Monash University, Australia 118.12
103 Sorbonne University, France 117.38
104 Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), India 116.95
105 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 116.30
106 The French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), France 115.87
107 Rice University, United States of America (USA) 115.85
108 National Taiwan University (NTU), Taiwan 115.83
109 Wuhan University (WHU), China 114.67
110 University of New South Wales (UNSW Sydney), Australia 113.92
111 Boston University (BU), United States of America (USA) 113.38
112 University of Alberta (U of A), Canada 112.86
113 Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), South Korea 110.79
114 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS), China 110.38
115 Arizona State University (ASU), United States of America (USA) 108.58
116 State University of New York at Stony Brook (SUNY Stony Brook), United States of America (USA) 108.04
117 Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU), China 107.26
118 Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium 106.97
119 Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), United States of America (USA) 106.91
120 University of Münster (WWU), Germany 106.73
121 University of California, Riverside (UCR), United States of America (USA) 106.42
122 University of Göttingen, Germany 106.02
123 Technion-Israel Institute of Technology (IIT), Israel 105.70
124 Australian National University (ANU), Australia 105.14
125 Indiana University (IU), United States of America (USA) 105.09
126 Baylor College of Medicine (BCM), United States of America (USA) 104.51
127 The University of Arizona (Arizona), United States of America (USA) 103.94
128 The Rockefeller University, United States of America (USA) 103.87
129 University of Groningen (RUG), Netherlands 103.86
130 Jilin University (JLU), China 103.60
131 The University of Melbourne (UniMelb), Australia 103.45
132 Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), United States of America (USA) 103.16
133 Free University of Berlin (FU Berlin), Germany 103.10
134 Yonsei University, South Korea 102.75
135 U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), United States of America (USA) 100.81
136 The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST), China 100.65
137 Lund University (LU), Sweden 99.51
138 Hunan University (HNU), China 99.35
139 National Institute for Health and Medical Research (INSERM), France 99.23
140 Sichuan University (SCU), China 98.82
141 University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU), Germany 98.79
142 East China University of Science and Technology (ECUST), China 98.69
143 Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology (BIST), Spain 98.66
144 Lanzhou University (LZU), China 96.31
145 National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Japan 95.76
146 University of Bonn (Uni Bonn), Germany 95.60
147 Stockholm University, Sweden 94.87
148 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 94.79
149 Uppsala University (UU), Sweden 94.29
150 North Carolina State University (NCSU), United States of America (USA) 93.24
151 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 93.16
152 National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), United States of America (USA) 93.07
153 Kyushu University, Japan 92.77
154 Emory University, United States of America (USA) 92.71
155 King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Saudi Arabia 92.29
156 University of Freiburg (Uni Freiburg), Germany 92.25
157 Tel Aviv University (TAU), Israel 92.07
158 Indian Institute of Science (IISc), India 91.76
159 Tianjin University (TJU), China 91.60
160 University of Basel (UB), Switzerland 91.58
161 Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC), United States of America (USA) 90.47
162 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 90.44
163 Brown University, United States of America (USA) 89.83
164 RWTH Aachen University (RWTH Aachen), Germany 89.62
165 The University of Iowa (UI), United States of America (USA) 89.38
166 University of Massachusetts Amherst (UMass Amherst), United States of America (USA) 88.75
167 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), United States of America (USA) 88.63
168 Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), Singapore 88.48
169 University of Paris, France 88.35
170 Humboldt University of Berlin (HU Berlin), Germany 87.61
171 Aarhus University (AU), Denmark 87.15
172 Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST), China 86.82
173 Dresden University of Technology (TU Dresden), Germany 86.41
174 Leiden University, Netherlands 86.38
175 University of Waterloo, Canada 86.21
176 East China Normal University (ECNU), China 85.84
177 Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), United States of America (USA) 84.85
178 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 83.95
179 Case Western Reserve University (CWRU), United States of America (USA) 83.47
180 Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU), South Korea 83.24
181 National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Japan 82.95
182 University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen), Germany 81.88
183 U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), United States of America (USA) 80.26
184 The University of Sydney (USYD), Australia 80.04
185 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), United States of America (USA) 79.56
186 The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom (UK) 79.11
187 Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), Germany 78.94
188 National Tsing Hua University (NTHU), Taiwan 78.87
189 The University of Warwick (Warwick), United Kingdom (UK) 78.83
190 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 78.74
191 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, United States of America (USA) 77.59
192 Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Denmark 77.55
193 Academia Sinica, Taiwan 77.54
194 University of Notre Dame (ND), United States of America (USA) 77.37
195 University of Paris-Sud (UPSud), France 76.75
196 University of Rochester (UR), United States of America (USA) 76.67
197 Shandong University (SDU), China 76.19
198 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 74.98
199 Iowa State University, United States of America (USA) 74.14
200 University of Regensburg (UR), Germany 74.09
201 The University of Georgia (UGA), United States of America (USA) 73.88
202 Karolinska Institute (KI), Sweden 73.20
203 Beijing Normal University (BNU), China 72.58
204 Goethe University Frankfurt (GU), Germany 72.16
205 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 72.05
206 Dalian University of Technology (DUT), China 71.96
207 University of Bern (UniBE), Switzerland 71.83
208 Radboud University Nijmegen (RU), Netherlands 71.66
209 Ghent University (UGent), Belgium 70.94
210 University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC), United States of America (USA) 70.76
211 Czech Academy of Sciences (CAS), Czech Republic 70.46
212 Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM), Spain 69.93
213 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), United States of America (USA) 69.39
214 The University of Nottingham (UoN), United Kingdom (UK) 69.11
215 University of Barcelona (UB), Spain 68.90
216 University of Montreal (UdeM), Canada 68.52
217 University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMass Medical School), United States of America (USA) 68.42
218 University of Virginia (UVA), United States of America (USA) 67.70
219 The University of Hong Kong (HKU), China 67.43
220 Michigan State University (MSU), United States of America (USA) 67.02
221 University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC), United States of America (USA) 66.24
222 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech), United States of America (USA) 66.06
223 Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin), Germany 65.76
224 University of Connecticut (UConn), United States of America (USA) 63.81
225 University of Nebraska-Lincoln (UNL), United States of America (USA) 63.71
226 Albert Einstein College of Medicine (Einstein), United States of America (USA) 63.61
227 Korea University, South Korea 63.51
228 University of Strasbourg, France 63.26
229 European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Switzerland 63.25
230 Florida State University (FSU), United States of America (USA) 62.64
231 Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), South Korea 62.38
232 University of Amsterdam (UvA), Netherlands 62.33
233 University of Calgary (U of C), Canada 62.18
234 University of Cincinnati (UC), United States of America (USA) 62.16
235 IBM Corporation, United States of America (USA) 62.14
236 Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT), China 61.96
237 Institute for Basic Science (IBS), South Korea 61.95
238 The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK), China 61.64
239 Mount Sinai Health System (MSHS), United States of America (USA) 61.33
240 Chalmers University of Technology (Chalmers), Sweden 60.84
241 University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 60.63
242 University of Ottawa (uOttawa), Canada 60.11
243 University of Stuttgart, Germany 59.94
244 South China University of Technology (SCUT), China 59.93
245 Ruhr University Bochum (RUB), Germany 59.79
246 Tongji University, China 59.72
247 The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Australia 59.71
248 University of Houston (UH), United States of America (USA) 59.38
249 University of Toulouse, France 58.88
250 University of Cologne (UoC), Germany 58.79
251 Oregon State University, United States of America (USA) 58.76
252 Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU), China 58.51
253 Polish Academy of Sciences (PAS), Poland 58.40
254 University of Helsinki, Finland 58.32
255 Medical Research Council (MRC), United Kingdom (UK) 57.98
256 Colorado State University, United States of America (USA) 57.97
257 University of Tsukuba, Japan 57.71
258 KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden 57.55
259 University of Delaware (UD), United States of America (USA) 57.04
260 Keio University, Japan 56.86
261 University at Buffalo, The State University of New York (SUNY UB), United States of America (USA) 55.95
262 Aalto University, Finland 55.77
263 Sandia National Laboratories, United States of America (USA) 55.29
264 University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 55.10
265 The Francis Crick Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 54.75
266 Salk Institute for Biological Studies (Salk), United States of America (USA) 53.73
267 University of Vienna, Austria 53.53
268 University of Hawai'i at Manoa (UH Mānoa), United States of America (USA) 53.15
269 University of Lyon, France 53.11
270 Philipps University of Marburg (Uni Marburg), Germany 53.08
271 Grenoble Alpes University (UGA), France 52.79
272 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 52.77
273 Scientific Institute for Research, Hospitalization and Healthcare (IRCCS), Italy 52.58
274 Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU), Israel 52.52
275 McMaster University, Canada 52.51
276 Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e), Netherlands 52.46
277 University of Oregon (UO), United States of America (USA) 51.88
278 HHMI Janelia Research Campus, United States of America (USA) 51.71
279 The City University of New York (CUNY), United States of America (USA) 51.30
280 University of Birmingham (UB), United Kingdom (UK) 51.12
281 Vienna University of Technology (TU Wien), Austria 50.47
282 University of Miami (UM), United States of America (USA) 50.16
283 University of York, United Kingdom (UK) 49.81
284 Sapienza University of Rome, Italy 49.45
285 Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), United Kingdom (UK) 49.16
286 The University of Western Australia (UWA), Australia 48.68
287 Novartis International AG, Switzerland 48.57
288 Louisiana State University (LSU), United States of America (USA) 48.39
289 University of São Paulo (USP), Brazil 48.37
290 Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), India 48.02
291 Italian Institute of Technology (IIT), Italy 48.01
292 Southwest University (SWU), China 47.91
293 Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics (PI), Canada 47.84
294 European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Germany 47.65
295 University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus (CU Anschutz), United States of America (USA) 47.60
296 Aix-Marseille University (AMU), France 47.39
297 Dartmouth College, United States of America (USA) 47.19
298 University of Montpellier, France 47.14
299 The University of New Mexico (UNM), United States of America (USA) 47.08
300 Mayo Clinic, United States of America (USA) 46.90
301 VU Amsterdam, Netherlands 46.75
302 University of Lausanne (UNIL), Switzerland 46.46
303 Wayne State University, United States of America (USA) 46.33
304 University of Valencia (UV), Spain 46.29
305 Homi Bhabha National Institute (HBNI), India 46.25
306 University of Bayreuth (UBT), Germany 46.23
307 The University of Kansas (KU), United States of America (USA) 45.85
308 F. Hoffmann-La Roche AG, Switzerland 45.66
309 University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Spain 45.38
310 Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI), Switzerland 45.23
311 Hanyang University (HYU), South Korea 45.16
312 University of Oslo (UiO), Norway 45.06
313 University of Bath, United Kingdom (UK) 44.99
314 Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU), United States of America (USA) 44.96
315 Beihang University (BUAA), China 44.88
316 University of Padova (UNIPD), Italy 44.71
317 Leipzig University, Germany 44.68
318 Friedrich Schiller University Jena (FSU), Germany 44.50
319 National Institutes of Natural Sciences (NINS), Japan 44.41
320 University of South Carolina - Columbia (SC), United States of America (USA) 44.29
321 Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IIT Bombay), India 44.04
322 University of Konstanz, Germany 43.99
323 People's Liberation Army (PLA), China 43.99
324 The University of Dublin, Ireland 43.95
325 Tufts University, United States of America (USA) 43.95
326 Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science (IACS), India 43.80
327 The University of Oklahoma (OU), United States of America (USA) 43.30
328 Beijing University of Chemical Technology (BUCT), China 42.83
329 Carnegie Institution for Science (CIS), United States of America (USA) 42.45
330 St. Jude Children's Research Hospital (St. Jude), United States of America (USA) 42.30
331 Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), United States of America (USA) 42.30
332 Hungarian Academy of Sciences (HAS), Hungary 42.25
333 Northeastern University (NEU), United States of America (USA) 41.94
334 National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico 41.87
335 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), United States of America (USA) 41.86
336 City University of Hong Kong (CityU), China 41.55
337 Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST), South Korea 41.51
338 University of Maryland, Baltimore (UMB), United States of America (USA) 41.08
339 University of Kiel (CAU), Germany 41.06
340 The University of Tennessee at Knoxville (UTK), United States of America (USA) 41.02
341 Brandeis University, United States of America (USA) 40.99
342 Smithsonian Institution, United States of America (USA) 40.82
343 Southeast University (SEU), China 40.35
344 Newcastle University, United Kingdom (UK) 40.33
345 Temple University, United States of America (USA) 40.24
346 Queen's University, Canada 40.13
347 Hiroshima University (HU), Japan 39.97
348 National Institute for Astrophysics (INAF), Italy 39.77
349 NWO-I, the Institutes Organisation of NWO, Netherlands 39.31
350 University of Kentucky (UK), United States of America (USA) 39.23
351 National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), United States of America (USA) 39.19
352 National Scientific and Technical Research Council (CONICET), Argentina 39.06
353 Complutense University of Madrid (UCM), Spain 38.86
354 National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and Environment (INRAE), France 38.75
355 Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Belgium 38.74
356 National Chiao Tung University (NCTU), Taiwan 38.53
357 Ulm University, Germany 38.43
358 University of Bordeaux, France 38.39
359 Linköping University (LiU), Sweden 38.25
360 The University of Adelaide (Adelaide Uni), Australia 38.20
361 Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU), Russia 38.01
362 The University of Akron (UAkron), United States of America (USA) 37.93
363 Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL), United States of America (USA) 37.85
364 Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf (HHU), Germany 37.77
365 Cardiff University, United Kingdom (UK) 37.54
366 University of Turin (UNITO), Italy 37.50
367 National Institute of Applied Sciences (INSA), France 37.42
368 University of Warsaw (UW), Poland 37.18
369 Queen's University Belfast (QUB), United Kingdom (UK) 37.15
370 University of South Florida (USF), United States of America (USA) 37.14
371 University of Saskatchewan (U of S), Canada 36.69
372 Umeå University (UMU), Sweden 36.50
373 Northeast Normal University (NENU), China 36.22
374 Leibniz University Hannover (LUH), Germany 36.20
375 University of Florence (UNIFI), Italy 36.15
376 University of Duisburg-Essen (UDE), Germany 35.93
377 Wageningen University & Research (WUR), Netherlands 35.87
378 Shanghai University (SHU), China 35.24
379 Chongqing University (CQU), China 35.22
380 Okayama University, Japan 35.13
381 Pasteur Institute, France 34.82
382 The University of Texas at Dallas (UT Dallas), United States of America (USA) 34.49
383 University of Gothenburg (GU), Sweden 34.34
384 U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, United States of America (USA) 34.30
385 Western University (UWO), Canada 34.14
386 Fuzhou University (FZU), China 34.04
387 University of Naples Federico II (UNINA), Italy 33.98
388 Ewha Womans University (Ewha), South Korea 33.91
389 University of Otago, New Zealand 33.75
390 University of Bremen (Uni Bremen), Germany 33.48
391 National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV), Italy 33.36
392 University of Sherbrooke (USherbrooke), Canada 33.29
393 University of Sussex, United Kingdom (UK) 33.19
394 Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), United Kingdom (UK) 32.72
395 Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB), Spain 32.70
396 Bar-Ilan University (BIU), Israel 32.63
397 Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU), United States of America (USA) 32.44
398 Washington State University (WSU), United States of America (USA) 32.24
399 National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), United States of America (USA) 32.19
400 Cleveland Clinic, United States of America (USA) 32.15
401 University of Strathclyde, United Kingdom (UK) 32.09
402 University of Lisbon (ULISBOA), Portugal 32.02
403 Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (EAWAG), Switzerland 31.98
404 The University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB), United States of America (USA) 31.60
405 Jagiellonian University (UJ), Poland 31.30
406 Waseda University, Japan 31.25
407 University of Santiago de Compostela (USC), Spain 31.23
408 Laval University (UL), Canada 31.06
409 University of Potsdam, Germany 30.85
410 Central China Normal University (CCNU), China 30.71
411 Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC), Canada 30.67
412 Catholic University of Louvain (UCLouvain), Belgium 30.65
413 Wellcome Sanger Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 30.49
414 Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center (FHCRC), United States of America (USA) 30.41
415 Beijing Institute of Technology (BIT), China 30.21
416 Bielefeld University, Germany 30.01
417 University of Science and Technology Beijing (USTB), China 29.89
418 University of Leicester, United Kingdom (UK) 29.84
419 University of Missouri (Mizzou), United States of America (USA) 29.82
420 Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur (IIT Kanpur), India 29.73
421 University of Twente (UTwente), Netherlands 29.67
422 Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway 29.59
423 Charles University (CU), Czech Republic 29.52
424 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), United States of America (USA) 29.51
425 University of Milano-Bicocca (UNIMIB), Italy 29.47
426 University of Reading, United Kingdom (UK) 29.41
427 Institute of Research for Development (IRD), France 29.37
428 Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST), South Korea 29.30
429 University of Antwerp (UA), Belgium 29.29
430 The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth), United States of America (USA) 29.21
431 Drexel University, United States of America (USA) 29.19
432 Curtin University, Australia 29.16
433 University of Bologna (UNIBO), Italy 29.04
434 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Pune (IISER Pune), India 29.04
435 Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR), India 28.97
436 The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU), China 28.77
437 Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology (EMPA), Switzerland 28.66
438 University of Innsbruck (LFU), Austria 28.61
439 Central South University (CSU), China 28.15
440 Simon Fraser University (SFU), Canada 28.08
441 Saint Petersburg State University (SPbU), Russia 28.01
442 Technical University of Darmstadt (TU Darmstadt), Germany 27.95
443 Kyung Hee University (KHU), South Korea 27.77
444 Kobe University, Japan 27.67
445 Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College (CAMS & PUMC), China 27.28
446 University of Southern Denmark (SDU), Denmark 27.22
447 University of Crete (UOC), Greece 27.21
448 Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI), United States of America (USA) 27.09
449 Austrian Academy of Sciences (ÖAW), Austria 26.95
450 Nanjing Tech University (NanjingTech), China 26.85
451 Zhengzhou University (ZZU), China 26.62
452 Saarland University (Saar-Uni), Germany 26.61
453 GlaxoSmithKline plc. (GSK), United Kingdom (UK) 26.58
454 Dalhousie University, Canada 26.49
455 University of Jyväskylä, Finland 26.49
456 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Bhopal (IISER Bhopal), India 26.44
457 Technical University Braunschweig (TU Braunschweig), Germany 26.43
458 Shandong Normal University (SDNU), China 26.33
459 Merck & Co., Inc., United States of America (USA) 26.32
460 University of Milan (UNIMI), Italy 26.30
461 Flanders Institute for Biotechnology (VIB), Belgium 25.81
462 Samsung Group, South Korea 25.70
463 Boston College (BC), United States of America (USA) 25.57
464 The University of Auckland, New Zealand 25.46
465 École Normale Supérieure (ENS Paris), France 25.23
466 University of Graz (Uni Graz), Austria 25.20
467 Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati (SISSA), Italy 25.16
468 University of Wollongong (UOW), Australia 25.14
469 University College Dublin (UCD), Ireland 25.04
470 University of Oviedo (UniOvi), Spain 25.01
471 University of East Anglia (UEA), United Kingdom (UK) 24.92
472 Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology (TUAT), Japan 24.87
473 Lancaster University, United Kingdom (UK) 24.86
474 University of Victoria (UVic), Canada 24.71
475 Clemson University, United States of America (USA) 24.63
476 University of Rostock, Germany 24.57
477 Department of Atomic Energy (DAE), India 24.49
478 Georgia State University (GSU), United States of America (USA) 24.29
479 AstraZeneca plc, United Kingdom (UK) 24.04
480 Institute for Advanced Study (IAS), United States of America (USA) 23.98
481 Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR), Netherlands 23.90
482 West Virginia University (WVU), United States of America (USA) 23.83
483 National Cheng Kung University (NCKU), Taiwan 23.71
484 University of Nevada, Reno (UNR), United States of America (USA) 23.49
485 Changzhou University (CZU), China 23.38
486 University of Porto (UP), Portugal 23.27
487 High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), Japan 23.15
488 Syracuse University, United States of America (USA) 23.09
489 University of Wyoming, United States of America (USA) 23.02
490 Interuniversity Microelectronics Centre (IMEC), Belgium 23.01
491 São Paulo State University (UNESP), Brazil 23.00
492 TU Dortmund University, Germany 22.92
493 China University of Geosciences (CUG), China 22.79
494 University of Zaragoza (Unizar), Spain 22.75
495 Macquarie University, Australia 22.68
496 University of Arkansas (UARK), United States of America (USA) 22.65
497 The University of South Australia (UniSA), Australia 22.63
498 University of Central Florida (UCF), United States of America (USA) 22.53
499 Giessen University (JLU), Germany 22.48
500 Shaanxi Normal University (SNNU), China 22.36

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.