2016 tables: Institutions

Table criteria

The 2016 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2015 to 31 December 2015.

2015 Institution FC 2015
1 Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), China 1620.68
2 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 886.99
3 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 790.39
4 Max Planck Society, Germany 745.18
5 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 636.11
6 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 565.4
7 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 537.54
8 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 526.72
9 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 438.45
10 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 429.85
11 University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 426.91
12 National Institutes of Health (NIH), United States of America (USA) 390.9
13 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 376.17
14 Peking University (PKU), China 369.66
15 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 368.46
16 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 362.62
17 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 345.35
18 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 338.34
19 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 328.66
20 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 325.11
21 University of Pennsylvania (Penn), United States of America (USA) 312.66
22 Kyoto University, Japan 311.72
23 Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA) 302.78
24 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 295.28
25 Nanjing University (NJU), China 290.48
26 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 287.08
27 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 281.28
28 Tsinghua University, China 278.86
29 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 269.54
30 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 269.24
31 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 266.16
32 Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 263.46
33 University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), China 261.37
34 Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore 254.33
35 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 253.18
36 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 242.4
37 Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain 236.59
38 University College London (UCL), United Kingdom (UK) 236.1
39 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 235.63
40 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 228.55
41 Zhejiang University (ZJU), China 222.73
42 Leibniz Association, Germany 221.26
43 University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA) 216.16
44 Duke University, United States of America (USA) 213.87
45 National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore 212
46 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 211.87
47 Fudan University, China 209.74
48 University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), United States of America (USA) 209.41
49 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 207.3
50 Osaka University, Japan 206.39
51 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 196.54
52 Tohoku University, Japan 194.63
53 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 191.62
54 McGill University, Canada 190.41
55 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), United States of America (USA) 187.01
56 Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL), United States of America (USA) 184.49
57 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 181.1
58 The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), United States of America (USA) 180.48
59 University of California, Davis (UC Davis), United States of America (USA) 177.02
60 New York University (NYU), United States of America (USA) 174.87
61 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 171.74
62 Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), India 170.63
63 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 167.56
64 Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), United States of America (USA) 167.21
65 Seoul National University (SNU), South Korea 166.93
66 Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Russia 161.41
67 Texas A&M University (TAMU), United States of America (USA) 161.35
68 The Ohio State University (OSU), United States of America (USA) 157.55
69 Nankai University (NKU), China 157.34
70 Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), South Korea 156.02
71 The University of British Columbia (UBC), Canada 154.94
72 Purdue University, United States of America (USA) 152.11
73 RIKEN, Japan 151.88
74 Nagoya University, Japan 148.32
75 The University of Queensland (UQ), Australia 146.79
76 University of Florida (UF), United States of America (USA) 146.68
77 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 146.22
78 University of Southern California (USC), United States of America (USA) 144.91
79 Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), Japan 140.83
80 Soochow University, China 140.7
81 National Research Council (CNR), Italy 139.21
82 Scripps Research, United States of America (USA) 139.07
83 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 135.78
84 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (RU), United States of America (USA) 135.22
85 University of Pittsburgh (Pitt), United States of America (USA) 135
86 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 131.49
87 Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), India 131.37
88 University of California, Irvine (UCI), United States of America (USA) 130.21
89 Vanderbilt University (VU), United States of America (USA) 129.67
90 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 128.69
91 Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), United States of America (USA) 127.47
92 The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center (UT Southwestern Medical Center), United States of America (USA) 127.13
93 National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), United States of America (USA) 125.81
94 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 125.36
95 Sun Yat-sen University (SYSU), China 125.21
96 National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN), Italy 124.74
97 Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HUJI), Israel 123.99
98 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 123.77
99 The University of Utah (Utah), United States of America (USA) 120.61
100 University of Würzburg, Germany 120.45
101 Xiamen University (XMU), China 119.69
102 Hokkaido University, Japan 119.43
103 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 118.67
104 Pierre and Marie Curie University (UPMC) - Paris 6, France 117.51
105 Monash University, Australia 117.38
106 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 116.55
107 Rice University, United States of America (USA) 115.86
108 National Taiwan University (NTU), Taiwan 115.83
109 Wuhan University (WHU), China 114.67
110 University of New South Wales (UNSW), Australia 114.33
111 Boston University (BU), United States of America (USA) 113.37
112 University of Alberta (U of A), Canada 112.86
113 Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), South Korea 111.34
114 Atomic Energy and Alternative Energies Commission (CEA), France 110.98
115 State University of New York at Stony Brook (SUNY Stony Brook), United States of America (USA) 108.95
116 Arizona State University (ASU), United States of America (USA) 108.59
117 Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU), China 107.61
118 Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium 106.83
119 University of Münster (WWU), Germany 106.73
120 University of California, Riverside (UCR), United States of America (USA) 106.42
121 University of Göttingen, Germany 106.06
122 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS), China 105.84
123 Technion-Israel Institute of Technology (IIT), Israel 105.7
124 Australian National University (ANU), Australia 105.14
125 Indiana University (IU), United States of America (USA) 105.09
126 Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), United States of America (USA) 104.98
127 The Rockefeller University, United States of America (USA) 104.61
128 Baylor College of Medicine (BCM), United States of America (USA) 104.51
129 The University of Arizona (Arizona), United States of America (USA) 103.94
130 University of Groningen (RUG), Netherlands 103.81
131 Jilin University (JLU), China 103.6
132 The University of Melbourne (UniMelb), Australia 103.45
133 Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), United States of America (USA) 103.16
134 Yonsei University, South Korea 102.71
135 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 102.37
136 Free University of Berlin (FU Berlin), Germany 101.94
137 U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), United States of America (USA) 100.81
138 Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST), China 100.68
139 National Institute for Health and Medical Research (INSERM), France 99.67
140 Lund University (LU), Sweden 99.51
141 Hunan University (HNU), China 99.35
142 Sichuan University (SCU), China 98.82
143 University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU), Germany 98.79
144 East China University of Science and Technology (ECUST), China 98.69
145 Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology (BIST), Spain 98.66
146 Lanzhou University (LZU), China 96.31
147 University of Bonn (Uni Bonn), Germany 95.64
148 National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Japan 95.48
149 Stockholm University, Sweden 95.09
150 Emory University, United States of America (USA) 94.14
151 Uppsala University (UU), Sweden 94.03
152 North Carolina State University (NCSU), United States of America (USA) 93.27
153 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 93.16
154 National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), United States of America (USA) 93.07
155 Kyushu University, Japan 92.77
156 King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Saudi Arabia 92.29
157 University of Freiburg (Uni Freiburg), Germany 92.25
158 University of Basel (UB), Switzerland 92.14
159 Tel Aviv University (TAU), Israel 92.07
160 Indian Institute of Science (IISc), India 91.76
161 Tianjin University (TJU), China 91.59
162 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 90.65
163 Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC), United States of America (USA) 90.5
164 Humboldt University of Berlin (HU Berlin), Germany 90.27
165 Brown University, United States of America (USA) 89.82
166 RWTH Aachen University (RWTH Aachen), Germany 89.58
167 The University of Iowa (UI), United States of America (USA) 89.38
168 University of Massachusetts Amherst (UMass Amherst), United States of America (USA) 88.75
169 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), United States of America (USA) 88.63
170 Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), Singapore 88.48
171 Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Denmark 87.62
172 Aarhus University (AU), Denmark 87.15
173 Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST), China 86.49
174 Dresden University of Technology (TU Dresden), Germany 86.35
175 University of Waterloo, Canada 86.21
176 Leiden University, Netherlands 86.11
177 East China Normal University (ECNU), China 85.8
178 Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), United States of America (USA) 84.83
179 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 84.31
180 Case Western Reserve University (CWRU), United States of America (USA) 83.47
181 Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU), South Korea 83.21
182 National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Japan 82.82
183 University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen), Germany 81.88
184 Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research (IISER), India 81.88
185 The University of Sydney (USYD), Australia 81.07
186 U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), United States of America (USA) 80.26
187 University of Montreal (UdeM), Canada 80.06
188 Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), Germany 79.57
189 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), United States of America (USA) 79.56
190 National Tsing Hua University (NTHU), Taiwan 79.15
191 The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom (UK) 79.11
192 The University of Warwick (Warwick), United Kingdom (UK) 78.83
193 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 78.74
194 Academia Sinica, Taiwan 77.54
195 University of Notre Dame (ND), United States of America (USA) 77.37
196 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, United States of America (USA) 77.22
197 University of Paris Sud (UPSud), France 76.73
198 University of Rochester (UR), United States of America (USA) 76.67
199 Shandong University (SDU), China 76.29
200 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 75.05
201 Iowa State University, United States of America (USA) 74.13
202 University of Regensburg (UR), Germany 74.09
203 The University of Georgia (UGA), United States of America (USA) 73.87
204 Karolinska Institute (KI), Sweden 73.2
205 Beijing Normal University (BNU), China 72.6
206 Goethe University Frankfurt am Main (GU), Germany 72.35
207 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 72.12
208 Medical Research Council (MRC), United Kingdom (UK) 71.97
209 Dalian University of Technology (DUT), China 71.96
210 University of Bern, Switzerland 71.83
211 Radboud University Nijmegen (RU), Netherlands 71.66
212 University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC), United States of America (USA) 70.94
213 Ghent University (UGent), Belgium 70.94
214 Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM), Spain 70.77
215 Czech Academy of Sciences (CAS), Czech Republic 70.38
216 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), United States of America (USA) 69.39
217 The University of Nottingham (UoN), United Kingdom (UK) 69.11
218 University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMass Medical School), United States of America (USA) 68.19
219 The University of Hong Kong (HKU), China 68.03
220 University of Barcelona (UB), Spain 67.8
221 University of Virginia (UVA), United States of America (USA) 67.55
222 Paris Diderot University (Paris 7), France 67.25
223 Michigan State University (MSU), United States of America (USA) 67.03
224 University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC), United States of America (USA) 66.24
225 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech), United States of America (USA) 66.06
226 Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin), Germany 65.76
227 University of Strasbourg, France 64.04
228 University of Connecticut (UConn), United States of America (USA) 63.81
229 Korea University (KU), South Korea 63.74
230 Albert Einstein College of Medicine (Einstein), United States of America (USA) 63.58
231 Florida State University (FSU), United States of America (USA) 63.57
232 University of Nebraska-Lincoln (UNL), United States of America (USA) 63.46
233 European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Switzerland 63.25
234 Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), South Korea 62.32
235 University of Cincinnati (UC), United States of America (USA) 62.28
236 University of Calgary (U of C), Canada 62.18
237 University of Amsterdam (UvA), Netherlands 62.16
238 IBM Corporation, United States of America (USA) 62.14
239 Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT), China 61.99
240 Institute for Basic Science (IBS), South Korea 61.95
241 The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK), China 61.66
242 Mount Sinai Health System (MSHS), United States of America (USA) 61.33
243 Chalmers University of Technology (Chalmers), Sweden 60.96
244 University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 60.88
245 South China University of Technology (SCUT), China 59.93
246 University of Stuttgart, Germany 59.91
247 University of Ottawa (uOttawa), Canada 59.91
248 Ruhr University Bochum (RUB), Germany 59.76
249 Tongji University, China 59.72
250 The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Australia 59.68
251 Oregon State University, United States of America (USA) 59.64
252 University of Houston (UH), United States of America (USA) 59.38
253 Polish Academy of Sciences (PAS), Poland 58.9
254 University of Toulouse, France 58.88
255 University of Cologne (UoC), Germany 58.83
256 Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU), China 58.5
257 University of Helsinki, Finland 58.32
258 KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden 58.25
259 Colorado State University, United States of America (USA) 58.19
260 University of Tsukuba, Japan 57.71
261 University of Delaware (UD), United States of America (USA) 57.03
262 Keio University, Japan 56.86
263 University at Buffalo, The State University of New York (SUNY UB), United States of America (USA) 56.22
264 Grenoble Alpes University (UGA), France 55.83
265 Aalto University, Finland 55.77
266 Sandia National Laboratories, United States of America (USA) 55.29
267 University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 54.36
268 Salk Institute for Biological Studies (Salk), United States of America (USA) 53.73
269 University of Vienna, Austria 53.53
270 University of Hawai'i at Manoa (UH Mānoa), United States of America (USA) 53.15
271 Philipps University of Marburg (Uni Marburg), Germany 53.08
272 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 52.77
273 Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU), Israel 52.52
274 McMaster University, Canada 52.51
275 Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e), Netherlands 52.46
276 Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico (IRCCS), Italy 52.43
277 University of Lyon, France 51.94
278 University of Oregon (UO), United States of America (USA) 51.86
279 HHMI Janelia Farm Research Campus, United States of America (USA) 51.71
280 The City University of New York (CUNY), United States of America (USA) 51.3
281 University of Birmingham (UB), United Kingdom (UK) 51.12
282 Vienna University of Technology (TU Wien), Austria 50.47
283 University of Miami (UM), United States of America (USA) 50.16
284 University of York, United Kingdom (UK) 49.85
285 Sapienza University of Rome, Italy 49.45
286 Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), United Kingdom (UK) 49.16
287 Aix-Marseille University (AMU), France 48.61
288 The University of Western Australia (UWA), Australia 48.61
289 Novartis International AG, Switzerland 48.57
290 Louisiana State University (LSU), United States of America (USA) 48.39
291 University of São Paulo (USP), Brazil 48.37
292 Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), India 48.02
293 Southwest University (SWU), China 47.91
294 Italian Institute of Technology (IIT), Italy 47.88
295 Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics (PI), Canada 47.84
296 European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Germany 47.64
297 University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus (CU Anschutz), United States of America (USA) 47.61
298 Dartmouth College, United States of America (USA) 47.2
299 The University of New Mexico (UNM), United States of America (USA) 47.08
300 Mayo Clinic, United States of America (USA) 46.9
301 VU University Amsterdam, Netherlands 46.65
302 University of Lausanne (UNIL), Switzerland 46.46
303 Wayne State University (WSU), United States of America (USA) 46.33
304 University of Valencia (UV), Spain 46.29
305 Homi Bhabha National Institute (HBNI), India 46.25
306 University of Bayreuth (UBT), Germany 46.23
307 University of Montpellier, France 46.11
308 The University of Kansas (KU), United States of America (USA) 45.85
309 F. Hoffmann-La Roche AG, Switzerland 45.66
310 University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Spain 45.38
311 Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI), Switzerland 45.23
312 Hanyang University (HYU), South Korea 45.15
313 University of Oslo (UiO), Norway 45.06
314 University of Bath, United Kingdom (UK) 44.99
315 Friedrich Schiller University Jena (FSU), Germany 44.98
316 Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU), United States of America (USA) 44.96
317 Beihang University (BUAA), China 44.88
318 University of Padova (UNIPD), Italy 44.71
319 Carnegie Institution for Science (CIS), United States of America (USA) 44.68
320 Leipzig University, Germany 44.68
321 The University of Dublin, Ireland 44.55
322 National Institutes of Natural Sciences (NINS), Japan 44.41
323 University of South Carolina - Columbia (SC), United States of America (USA) 44.29
324 University of Konstanz, Germany 43.99
325 People's Liberation Army (PLA), China 43.97
326 Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science (IACS), India 43.8
327 Tufts University, United States of America (USA) 43.71
328 The University of Oklahoma (OU), United States of America (USA) 43.3
329 Beijing University of Chemical Technology (BUCT), China 42.83
330 St. Jude Children's Research Hospital (St. Jude), United States of America (USA) 42.3
331 Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), United States of America (USA) 42.3
332 Hungarian Academy of Sciences (HAS), Hungary 42.08
333 National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico 41.87
334 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), United States of America (USA) 41.86
335 Northeastern University (NEU), United States of America (USA) 41.84
336 City University of Hong Kong (CityU), China 41.58
337 Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST), South Korea 41.48
338 University of Maryland, Baltimore (UMB), United States of America (USA) 41.08
339 University of Kiel (CAU), Germany 41.06
340 The University of Tennessee at Knoxville (UTK), United States of America (USA) 41.02
341 Brandeis University, United States of America (USA) 40.99
342 Smithsonian Institution, United States of America (USA) 40.82
343 University of Bordeaux, France 40.47
344 Newcastle University, United Kingdom (UK) 40.36
345 Southeast University (SEU), China 40.35
346 Temple University, United States of America (USA) 40.24
347 Queen's University, Canada 40.13
348 Hiroshima University (HU), Japan 39.97
349 National Institute for Astrophysics (INAF), Italy 39.77
350 University of Kentucky (UK), United States of America (USA) 39.23
351 National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), United States of America (USA) 39.19
352 National Scientific and Technical Research Council (CONICET), Argentina 39.06
353 Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Belgium 38.74
354 Complutense University of Madrid (UCM), Spain 38.71
355 National Chiao Tung University (NCTU), Taiwan 38.53
356 Ulm University, Germany 38.43
357 The University of Adelaide (Adelaide Uni), Australia 38.2
358 Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU), Russia 38.01
359 Linköping University (LiU), Sweden 38.01
360 The University of Akron (UAkron), United States of America (USA) 37.93
361 Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL), United States of America (USA) 37.85
362 Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf (HHU), Germany 37.73
363 Cardiff University, United Kingdom (UK) 37.54
364 National Institute of Applied Sciences (INSA), France 37.42
365 University of Turin (UNITO), Italy 37.25
366 University of Warsaw (UW), Poland 37.18
367 Queen's University Belfast (QUB), United Kingdom (UK) 37.15
368 University of South Florida (USF), United States of America (USA) 37.14
369 University of Saskatchewan (U of S), Canada 36.69
370 University of Florence (UNIFI), Italy 36.54
371 Umeå University (UMU), Sweden 36.5
372 Northeast Normal University (NENU), China 36.22
373 University of Hannover (LUH), Germany 36.19
374 University of Duisburg-Essen (UDE), Germany 35.93
375 Wageningen University & Research (WUR), Netherlands 35.7
376 Shanghai University (SHU), China 35.24
377 Chongqing University (CQU), China 35.22
378 University of Lisbon (ULISBOA), Portugal 35.2
379 Okayama University, Japan 35.13
380 Pasteur Institute, France 34.82
381 The University of Texas at Dallas (UT Dallas), United States of America (USA) 34.49
382 U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, United States of America (USA) 34.35
383 University of Gothenburg (GU), Sweden 34.34
384 Western University (UWO), Canada 34.14
385 Fuzhou University (FZU), China 34.04
386 University of Naples Federico II (UNINA), Italy 33.98
387 Ewha Womans University (Ewha), South Korea 33.91
388 French National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA), France 33.87
389 University of Otago, New Zealand 33.75
390 University of Bremen (Uni Bremen), Germany 33.48
391 National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV), Italy 33.36
392 University of Sussex (US), United Kingdom (UK) 33.19
393 Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB), Spain 33.09
394 Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), United Kingdom (UK) 32.72
395 Bar-Ilan University (BIU), Israel 32.63
396 University of Sherbrooke (USherbrooke), Canada 32.62
397 Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU), United States of America (USA) 32.44
398 Washington State University (WSU), United States of America (USA) 32.24
399 National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), United States of America (USA) 32.19
400 Cleveland Clinic, United States of America (USA) 32.15
401 University of Strathclyde, United Kingdom (UK) 32.09
402 Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (EAWAG), Switzerland 31.98
403 University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB), United States of America (USA) 31.6
404 Jagiellonian University (UJ), Poland 31.3
405 Waseda University, Japan 31.25
406 University of Santiago de Compostela (USC), Spain 31.23
407 Laval University (UL), Canada 31.06
408 University of Potsdam, Germany 30.85
409 Central China Normal University (CCNU), China 30.71
410 Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC), Canada 30.67
411 Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 30.49
412 Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center (FHCRC), United States of America (USA) 30.41
413 Beijing Institute of Technology (BIT), China 30.21
414 University of Leicester, United Kingdom (UK) 30.07
415 Catholic University of Louvain (UCL), Belgium 30.03
416 Bielefeld University, Germany 30.01
417 University of Science and Technology Beijing (USTB), China 29.89
418 University of Missouri (Mizzou), United States of America (USA) 29.82
419 University of Twente (UTwente), Netherlands 29.67
420 Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway 29.59
421 Charles University (CU), Czech Republic 29.55
422 University of Reading, United Kingdom (UK) 29.54
423 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), United States of America (USA) 29.51
424 University of Milano-Bicocca (UNIMIB), Italy 29.47
425 Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST), South Korea 29.3
426 University of Antwerp (UA), Belgium 29.29
427 Drexel University, United States of America (USA) 29.19
428 Institute of Research for Development (IRD), France 29.17
429 Curtin University, Australia 29.16
430 University of Bologna (UNIBO), Italy 29.04
431 Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR), India 28.97
432 The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU), China 28.8
433 Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology (EMPA), Switzerland 28.66
434 University of Innsbruck (LFU), Austria 28.64
435 Central South University (CSU), China 28.15
436 Simon Fraser University (SFU), Canada 28.08
437 Saint Petersburg State University (SPbU), Russia 28.01
438 Darmstadt University of Technology (TU Darmstadt), Germany 27.95
439 GlaxoSmithKline plc. (GSK), United Kingdom (UK) 27.88
440 Kyung Hee University (KHU), South Korea 27.74
441 Kobe University, Japan 27.67
442 China University of Geosciences (CUG), China 27.55
443 Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College (CAMS & PUMC), China 27.3
444 University of Crete (UOC), Greece 27.21
445 University of Southern Denmark (SDU), Denmark 27.09
446 Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI), United States of America (USA) 27.09
447 Austrian Academy of Sciences (ÖAW), Austria 26.95
448 Dalhousie University, Canada 26.89
449 Nanjing Tech University (NanjingTech), China 26.85
450 Saarland University (Saar-Uni), Germany 26.61
451 University of Jyväskylä, Finland 26.49
452 Braunschweig University of Technology (TU Braunschweig), Germany 26.43
453 Shandong Normal University (SDNU), China 26.33
454 University of Milan (UNIMI), Italy 26.3
455 Zhengzhou University (ZZU), China 26.23
456 Merck & Co., Inc., United States of America (USA) 26.03
457 Flanders Institute for Biotechnology (VIB), Belgium 25.92
458 Samsung Group, South Korea 25.9
459 École Normale Supérieure (ENS Paris), France 25.61
460 Boston College (BC), United States of America (USA) 25.57
461 The University of Auckland, New Zealand 25.46
462 International School for Advanced Studies (ISAS), Italy 25.16
463 The University of Wollongong (UOW), Australia 25.14
464 University of Graz (Uni Graz), Austria 25.14
465 University College Dublin (UCD), Ireland 25.05
466 University of Oviedo (UniOvi), Spain 25.01
467 University of East Anglia (UEA), United Kingdom (UK) 24.92
468 Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology (TUAT), Japan 24.87
469 University of Victoria (UVic), Canada 24.71
470 Clemson University, United States of America (USA) 24.63
471 University of Rostock, Germany 24.57
472 Lancaster University, United Kingdom (UK) 24.55
473 Georgia State University (GSU), United States of America (USA) 24.29
474 Institute for Advanced Study (IAS), United States of America (USA) 23.98
475 AstraZeneca plc, United Kingdom (UK) 23.98
476 Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR), Netherlands 23.9
477 Netherlands Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter (FOM), Netherlands 23.85
478 National Cheng Kung University (NCKU), Taiwan 23.71
479 University of Nevada, Reno (UNR), United States of America (USA) 23.49
480 University of Porto (UP), Portugal 23.42
481 Changzhou University (CZU), China 23.38
482 High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), Japan 23.15
483 Syracuse University, United States of America (USA) 23.09
484 University of Wyoming, United States of America (USA) 23.02
485 Interuniversity Microelectronics Centre (IMEC), Belgium 23.01
486 São Paulo State University (UNESP), Brazil 23
487 TU Dortmund University, Germany 22.92
488 West Virginia University (WVU), United States of America (USA) 22.83
489 Macquarie University, Australia 22.68
490 University of Arkansas (UARK), United States of America (USA) 22.65
491 Giessen University (JLU), Germany 22.64
492 The University of South Australia (UniSA), Australia 22.63
493 University of Central Florida (UCF), United States of America (USA) 22.53
494 Shaanxi Normal University (SNNU), China 22.36
495 Thomas Jefferson University (TJU), United States of America (USA) 22.35
496 Paris Descartes University (Paris 5), France 22.33
497 University of Zaragoza (Unizar), Spain 22.32
498 Nagoya Institute of Technology (NITech), Japan 22.12
499 École Polytechnique, France 22.09
500 University of Dundee, United Kingdom (UK) 22.05

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. It is important for users to understand that the data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, that they cover the natural sciences only and that outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output). We encourage users to combine the free-to-access Nature Index data with information from other sources.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.