2016 tables: Institutions

Table criteria

The 2016 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2015 to 31 December 2015.

2015 Institution WFC 2014 WFC 2015
1 Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), China 1308.67 1364.74
2 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 858.61 774.45
3 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 749.41 697.05
4 Max Planck Society, Germany 646.31 656.57
5 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 477.24 536.62
6 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 458.99 487.88
7 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 508.8 482.91
8 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 443.45 425.69
9 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 357.81 396.76
10 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 406.92 394.72
11 University of California Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 367.13 362.85
12 National Institutes of Health (NIH), United States of America (USA) 342.08 333.9
13 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 349.24 326.64
14 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 338.26 311.12
15 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 299.72 304.35
16 Peking University (PKU), China 296.44 304.04
17 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 304.59 299
18 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 268.61 276.05
19 Kyoto University, Japan 287.49 271.49
20 University of California Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 262.87 270.45
21 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 258.14 267.49
22 Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA) 261.55 261.32
23 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 260.84 258.94
24 University of Pennsylvania (Penn), United States of America (USA) 253.73 257.72
25 Nanjing University (NJU), China 214.38 252.44
26 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 234.39 246.68
27 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 271.01 246.63
28 The Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 226.03 232.64
29 University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), China 215.54 231.66
30 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 275.35 231.26
31 Tsinghua University (TH), China 210.69 230.65
32 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 223.36 224.09
33 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 208.27 223.97
34 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 234.89 216.24
35 University College London (UCL), United Kingdom (UK) 195.55 213.99
36 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 204.95 210.48
37 Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore 201.34 208.06
38 Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain 241.22 203.92
39 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 211.24 199.58
40 Osaka University, Japan 220.19 194.88
41 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 158.24 194.31
42 University of California Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA) 202.25 185.61
43 Zhejiang University (ZJU), China 191.48 183.57
44 Fudan University, China 166.76 178.01
45 Tohoku University, Japan 179.78 177.54
46 University of California San Francisco (UCSF), United States of America (USA) 190.07 174.3
47 National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore 196.58 173.53
48 Leibniz Association, Germany 164.89 171.7
49 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 212.72 169.15
50 Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich (LMU), Germany 182.2 166.75
51 Duke University, United States of America (USA) 166.9 165.58
52 McGill University, Canada 134.6 163.97
53 Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), India 175.64 162.59
54 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 164.31 161.88
55 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), United States of America (USA) 179.19 160.38
56 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), United States of America (USA) 160.35 159.39
57 New York University (NYU), United States of America (USA) 143.87 155.43
58 Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Russia 173.53 154.69
59 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 172.76 154.67
60 Nankai University (NKU), China 98.21 152.17
61 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 144.08 151.49
62 Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL), United States of America (USA) 161.59 149.77
63 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 145.05 149.34
64 Institute of Chemistry (ICCAS), CAS, China 121.62 148.91
65 The Ohio State University (OSU), United States of America (USA) 142.54 142.17
66 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 143.54 140.64
67 RIKEN, Japan 143.28 137.13
68 Seoul National University (SNU), South Korea 161.17 132.3
69 Shanghai Institute of Organic Chemistry (SIOC), CAS, China 114.06 131.75
70 University of California Davis (UC Davis), United States of America (USA) 170.15 131.05
71 Nagoya University, Japan 127.87 129.81
72 Texas A&M University (TAMU), United States of America (USA) 129.79 129.19
73 The University of British Columbia (UBC), Canada 132.71 126.29
74 National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN), Italy 102.81 125.71
75 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 122.98 125.65
76 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 115.19 124.65
77 Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), South Korea 130.67 124.63
78 University of Florida (UF), United States of America (USA) 109.45 124.42
79 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 111.22 122.74
80 Purdue University, United States of America (USA) 125.31 122.25
81 Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), Japan 130.58 120.28
82 The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI), United States of America (USA) 136.83 119.93
83 Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), India 136.48 119.8
84 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 126.32 117.17
85 University of Southern California (USC), United States of America (USA) 113.61 114.86
86 University of Würzburg, Germany 97.42 114.79
87 National Research Council (CNR), Italy 131.73 114.1
88 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 113.61 113.65
89 Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), United States of America (USA) 108.27 113.5
90 Xiamen University (XMU), China 98.23 112.64
91 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Germany 119.27 111.94
92 University of California Irvine (UCI), United States of America (USA) 132.01 111.82
93 Vanderbilt University (VU), United States of America (USA) 121.09 110.84
94 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 105.16 109.3
95 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (RU), United States of America (USA) 148.56 109.23
96 Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HUJI), Israel 98.52 109.12
97 Soochow University, China 95.07 108.79
98 University of Pittsburgh (Pitt), United States of America (USA) 116.12 108.56
99 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 111.19 106.44
100 The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center (UT Southwestern Medical Center), United States of America (USA) 117.93 106.17
101 Sun Yat-sen University (SYSU), China 89.17 104.91
102 Atomic Energy and Alternative Energies Commission (CEA), France 114.28 104.14
103 Hokkaido University (Hokudai), Japan 100.55 103.08
104 Pierre and Marie Curie University (UPMC) - Paris 6, France 98.13 102.25
105 Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), United States of America (USA) 84.39 101.06
106 Wuhan University (WHU), China 96.71 100.85
107 The University of Queensland (UQ), Australia 108.67 98.36
108 University of Münster (WWU), Germany 104.6 98.26
109 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 97.5 97.53
110 Boston University (BU), United States of America (USA) 93.69 97.16
111 Technion-Israel Institute of Technology (IIT), Israel 79.4 95.96
112 National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), United States of America (USA) 91.03 95.48
113 Hunan University (HNU), China 78.1 93.77
114 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 79.11 93.75
115 University of Groningen (RUG), Netherlands 97.79 93.63
116 University of Alberta (U of A), Canada 99.53 93.27
117 Monash University, Australia 103.32 93.15
118 National Taiwan University (NTU), Taiwan 108.04 92.46
119 University of Göttingen, Germany 99.39 92.26
120 Baylor College of Medicine (BCM), United States of America (USA) 85.94 92.16
121 Indiana University (IU), United States of America (USA) 111.71 92.15
122 Australian National University (ANU), Australia 88.36 92.03
123 University of Utah (Utah), United States of America (USA) 106.04 91.83
124 State University of New York at Stony Brook (SUNY Stony Brook), United States of America (USA) 79.63 90.87
125 Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium 89.72 90.46
126 Lanzhou University (LZU), China 110.44 90.4
127 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 82.38 90.34
128 The Rockefeller University, United States of America (USA) 69.56 89.92
129 University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU), Germany 86.97 89.87
130 Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), United States of America (USA) 116.86 89.82
131 Institute of Physics (IOP), CAS, China 86.96 89.56
132 East China University of Science and Technology (ECUST), China 70.4 89.5
133 The University of Arizona (Arizona), United States of America (USA) 88.05 89.44
134 University of Bonn (Uni Bonn), Germany 81.41 89.42
135 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS), China 89.04 89.09
136 University of California Riverside (UCR), United States of America (USA) 94.86 87.7
137 Jilin University (JLU), China 104.93 87.58
138 Free University of Berlin (FU Berlin), Germany 63.06 86.51
139 National Institute for Health and Medical Research (INSERM), France 80.13 85.74
140 Indian Institute of Science (IISc), India 94.06 85.45
141 Lund University (LU), Sweden 79.8 85.38
142 University of Basel (UB), Switzerland 98.35 85.37
143 Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology (BIST), Spain 97.07 85.11
144 Kyushu University, Japan 100.77 84.71
145 Uppsala University (UU), Sweden 76.94 84.5
146 East China Normal University (ECNU), China 83.17 84.04
147 Rice University, United States of America (USA) 96.76 83.82
148 Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), United States of America (USA) 103.33 83.74
149 Arizona State University (ASU), United States of America (USA) 79.85 83.59
150 Sichuan University (SCU), China 92.64 83.22
151 Leiden University, Netherlands 73.75 82.94
152 U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), United States of America (USA) 87.03 82.89
153 Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry (CIAC), CAS, China 82.21 82.82
154 Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), South Korea 71.35 82.63
155 Yonsei University, South Korea 72.09 82.57
156 Humboldt University of Berlin (HU Berlin), Germany 86.02 82.46
157 Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU), China 107.55 82.46
158 Tel Aviv University (TAU), Israel 87.57 81.75
159 The University of Melbourne (UniMelb), Australia 82.29 81.45
160 National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Japan 99.77 81.3
161 Stockholm University, Sweden 68.09 81.25
162 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 76.8 81.14
163 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 77.02 80.84
164 Emory University, United States of America (USA) 108.59 79.87
165 RWTH Aachen University (RWTH Aachen), Germany 78.19 79.49
166 University of Freiburg (Uni Freiburg), Germany 78.18 79.3
167 University of New South Wales (UNSW), Australia 90.92 78.85
168 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER), India 77.94 78.67
169 National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), United States of America (USA) 92.01 78.57
170 Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), Singapore 103.42 78.01
171 North Carolina State University (NCSU), United States of America (USA) 60.78 76.27
172 Aarhus University (AU), Denmark 87.56 76.22
173 Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST), China 74.62 76.21
174 Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC), United States of America (USA) 89.69 75.91
175 Brown University, United States of America (USA) 83.87 75.85
176 National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Japan 70.26 73.52
177 University of Montreal (UdeM), Canada 78.13 73.43
178 The University of Sydney (USYD), Australia 82.98 73.32
179 University of Regensburg (UR), Germany 64.4 72.58
180 Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics (DICP), CAS, China 70.9 72.48
181 King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Saudi Arabia 49.11 72.19
182 Dresden University of Technology (TU Dresden), Germany 52 72.04
183 University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen), Germany 66.33 71.95
184 Academia Sinica, Taiwan 83.83 71.16
185 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), United States of America (USA) 77.69 70.77
186 The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom (UK) 67.82 70.37
187 University of Paris Sud (UPSud), France 80.45 70.22
188 University of Rochester (UR), United States of America (USA) 92.42 69.88
189 Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), Germany 65.87 69.67
190 Case Western Reserve University (CWRU), United States of America (USA) 75.25 69.62
191 The University of Georgia (UGA), United States of America (USA) 62.31 69.22
192 Iowa State University (ISU), United States of America (USA) 72.8 69.09
193 Shandong University (SDU), China 63.09 68.93
194 University of Waterloo, Canada 71.09 68.81
195 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 51.61 68.41
196 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 67.48 68.22
197 NIH National Cancer Institute (NCI), United States of America (USA) 65.96 68.1
198 Goethe University Frankfurt am Main (GU), Germany 58.78 67.49
199 University of Notre Dame (ND), United States of America (USA) 70.38 67.24
200 National Tsing Hua University (NTHU), Taiwan 66.15 65.86
201 University of Massachusetts Amherst (UMass Amherst), United States of America (USA) 61.76 65.66
202 The University of Nottingham (UoN), United Kingdom (UK) 77.72 65.32
203 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 52.76 64.76
204 University of California Santa Cruz (UCSC), United States of America (USA) 71.35 64.63
205 Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST), China 59.75 64.62
206 Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM), Spain 64.23 64.54
207 The University of Warwick (Warwick), United Kingdom (UK) 70.55 64.48
208 University of Virginia (UVA), United States of America (USA) 82.54 64.44
209 Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic (ASCR), Czech Republic 56.44 63.7
210 Florida State University (FSU), United States of America (USA) 58.49 62.98
211 Paris Diderot University (Paris 7), France 60.91 62.91
212 University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC), United States of America (USA) 62.15 62.74
213 Tianjin University (TJU), China 41.79 62.73
214 Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter (FJIRSM), CAS, China 63.79 62.69
215 European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Switzerland 43.95 62.46
216 University of Bern, Switzerland 55.35 62.3
217 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), United States of America (USA) 81.42 61.45
218 Radboud University Nijmegen (RU), Netherlands 71.91 61.32
219 National Institute for Astrophysics (INAF), Italy 57.08 60.64
220 University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 57.41 60.47
221 University of Barcelona (UB), Spain 67.78 60.23
222 The University of Iowa (UI), United States of America (USA) 59.28 59.8
223 University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMass Medical School), United States of America (USA) 72.89 59.27
224 University of Amsterdam (UvA), Netherlands 68.23 58.87
225 Medical Research Council (MRC), United Kingdom (UK) 58.6 57.94
226 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, United States of America (USA) 64.09 57.83
227 The University of Hong Kong (HKU), China 71.85 57.6
228 University of Strasbourg, France 57.07 57.58
229 Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU), South Korea 59.65 56.67
230 Ruhr University Bochum (RUB), Germany 60.25 56.29
231 Beijing Normal University (BNU), China 51 55.78
232 Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Denmark 57.87 55.64
233 Albert Einstein College of Medicine (Einstein), United States of America (USA) 50.68 55.26
234 Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin), Germany 63.56 54.75
235 University of Nebraska-Lincoln (UNL), United States of America (USA) 52.82 54.74
236 University of Ottawa (uOttawa), Canada 65.31 54.56
237 Keio University, Japan 45.45 54.3
238 Mount Sinai Health System (MSHS), United States of America (USA) 63.56 54.03
239 IBM Corporation, United States of America (USA) 57.17 53.89
240 Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences (SIBS), CAS, China 52.09 53.54
241 Karolinska Institute (KI), Sweden 69.15 53.44
242 South China University of Technology (SCUT), China 45.77 52.95
243 Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), United States of America (USA) 57.98 52.88
244 Institute for Basic Science (IBS), South Korea 29.04 52.81
245 University of Cincinnati (UC), United States of America (USA) 46.35 52.77
246 University at Buffalo, The State University of New York (SUNY UB), United States of America (USA) 48.42 52.2
247 Polish Academy of Sciences (PAS), Poland 57.54 52.13
248 German Electron Synchrotron (DESY), Germany 53.96 51.71
249 University of Cologne (UoC), Germany 69.74 51.44
250 University of Stuttgart, Germany 47.43 51.42
251 University of Connecticut (UConn), United States of America (USA) 50.9 51.39
252 U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), United States of America (USA) 39.88 51.26
253 Smithsonian Institution, United States of America (USA) 39.74 51.14
254 The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK), China 35.9 50.64
255 Korea University (KU), South Korea 61.38 50.55
256 Colorado State University (CSU), United States of America (USA) 58.2 50.19
257 University of Houston (UH), United States of America (USA) 43.7 50.16
258 Grenoble Alpes University (UGA), France 64.58 50.15
259 Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU), China 66.64 50.13
260 University of Delaware (UD), United States of America (USA) 50.86 50
261 University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 62.28 49.95
262 Jülich Research Centre (FZJ), Germany 56.05 49.86
263 Sandia National Laboratories, United States of America (USA) 48.51 49.68
264 University of Calgary (U of C), Canada 51.39 49.67
265 University of São Paulo (USP), Brazil 47.53 49.56
266 Michigan State University (MSU), United States of America (USA) 63.06 49.37
267 University of Vienna, Austria 54.01 49.29
268 Dalian University of Technology (DUT), China 52.34 49.17
269 University of Tsukuba, Japan 53.74 48.92
270 Ghent University (UGent), Belgium 48.37 48.57
271 Chalmers University of Technology (Chalmers), Sweden 48.96 48.47
272 Aalto University, Finland 45.96 48.39
273 University of Toulouse, France 46.55 48.33
274 Philipps University of Marburg (Uni Marburg), Germany 52.67 48.18
275 Salk Institute for Biological Studies (Salk), United States of America (USA) 33.01 47.55
276 The City University of New York (CUNY), United States of America (USA) 54.12 47.43
277 Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU), Israel 34.14 47.42
278 Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics (PI), Canada 39.69 46.56
279 Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), India 30.02 46.53
280 Vienna University of Technology (TU Wien), Austria 47.74 46.45
281 KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden 44.91 46.11
282 National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico 44.24 45.7
283 University of Helsinki, Finland 56.05 45.62
284 University of Valencia (UV), Spain 41.24 45.53
285 Southwest University (SWU), China 22.67 45.27
286 University of Lyon, France 48.97 45.2
287 National Center for Nanoscience and Technology (NCNST), CAS, China 21.16 45.08
288 University of York, United Kingdom (UK) 38.49 45.06
289 Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), United Kingdom (UK) 42.38 45.05
290 Division III: Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry and Earth Sciences, PAS, Poland 46.73 45.04
291 Oregon State University (OSU), United States of America (USA) 48.03 44.9
292 Sapienza University of Rome, Italy 41.84 44.78
293 National Institutes of Natural Sciences (NINS), Japan 40.81 44.21
294 NIH National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), United States of America (USA) 41.69 43.91
295 University of Hawai'i at Manoa (UH Mānoa), United States of America (USA) 53.88 43.76
296 The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Australia 33.53 43.6
297 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), United States of America (USA) 53.13 43.47
298 McMaster University, Canada 51.31 43.37
299 University of Oregon (UO), United States of America (USA) 44.92 43.2
300 Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IIT Bombay), India 52.74 43.18
301 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech), United States of America (USA) 48.89 43.17
302 NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC), United States of America (USA) 44.02 42.56
303 The University of Western Australia (UWA), Australia 38.44 42.31
304 University of Padova (UNIPD), Italy 40.78 42.31
305 Louisiana State University (LSU), United States of America (USA) 43.05 42.15
306 Istituto Di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico (IRCCS), Italy 37.29 41.87
307 European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Germany 37.11 41.87
308 University of Miami (UM), United States of America (USA) 45.06 41.8
309 Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), South Korea 39.2 41.51
310 University of Bordeaux, France 50.62 41.41
311 Aix-Marseille University (AMU), France 41.4 41.4
312 University of Bath, United Kingdom (UK) 40.76 41.38
313 MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, United Kingdom (UK) 44.66 41.32
314 Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science (IACS), India 51.45 41.27
315 Novartis International AG, Switzerland 28.48 41.04
316 Wayne State University (WSU), United States of America (USA) 43.01 40.84
317 The University of New Mexico (UNM), United States of America (USA) 46.37 40.6
318 Italian Institute of Technology (IIT), Italy 35.55 40.43
319 F. Hoffmann-La Roche AG, Switzerland 50.11 40.31
320 University of Birmingham (UB), United Kingdom (UK) 34.78 39.97
321 University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Spain 20.97 39.84
322 Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT), China 33.06 39.73
323 RIKEN Center for Emergent Matter Science (CEMS), Japan 28.41 39.64
324 University of Montpellier, France 39.53 39.55
325 Friedrich Schiller University Jena (FSU), Germany 34.52 39.16
326 Mayo Clinic, United States of America (USA) 31.07 39.11
327 Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e), Netherlands 52.22 38.93
328 University of Oslo (UiO), Norway 57.01 38.8
329 Leipzig University, Germany 43.8 38.74
330 HHMI Janelia Farm Research Campus, United States of America (USA) 30.01 38.52
331 National Scientific and Technical Research Council (CONICET), Argentina 40.19 38.51
332 The University of Oklahoma (OU), United States of America (USA) 35.36 38.31
333 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 41.23 38.31
334 The University of Dublin, Ireland 37.3 38.12
335 Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research (MPI-P), Germany 36.46 38.01
336 University of Maryland, Baltimore (UMB), United States of America (USA) 32.36 37.89
337 University of Konstanz, Germany 35.54 37.8
338 Southeast University (SEU), China 50.45 37.56
339 University of Warsaw (UW), Poland 31.92 37.5
340 Hungarian Academy of Sciences (HAS), Hungary 38.93 37.49
341 University of Kiel (CAU), Germany 41.62 37.4
342 Queen's University Belfast (QUB), United Kingdom (UK) 28.11 37.32
343 University of South Florida (USF), United States of America (USA) 47.32 37.13
344 University of Lausanne (UNIL), Switzerland 36.44 36.77
345 Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU), Russia 39.41 36.76
346 University of Colorado Denver | Anschutz Medical Campus (CU Anschutz), United States of America (USA) 44.34 36.65
347 Dartmouth College, United States of America (USA) 42.82 36.57
348 The University of Kansas (KU), United States of America (USA) 46.88 36.55
349 University of Rostock, Germany 30.63 36.12
350 National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), United States of America (USA) 24.32 36.11
351 Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Belgium 39.38 36.09
352 VU University Amsterdam, Netherlands 37.72 36.04
353 Hiroshima University (HU), Japan 28 35.61
354 Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research (MPI-FKF), Germany 33.98 35.36
355 Tufts University, United States of America (USA) 48.83 35.35
356 Hanyang University (HYU), South Korea 49.69 35.17
357 Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU), United States of America (USA) 46.52 35.12
358 Hefei Institutes of Physical Science (HIPS), CAS, China 38.22 35.01
359 University of Florence (UNIFI), Italy 32.5 34.97
360 St. Jude Children's Research Hospital (St. Jude), United States of America (USA) 33.01 34.97
361 Nanoscale Materials Division (MANA), NIMS, Japan 33.54 34.96
362 Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry (TIPC), CAS, China 31.87 34.86
363 University of Kentucky (UK), United States of America (USA) 49.39 34.75
364 Queen's University, Canada 37.19 34.65
365 People's Liberation Army (PLA), China 35.27 34.64
366 Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), United States of America (USA) 42.66 34.62
367 Institute of High Energy Physics (IHEP), CAS, China 28.38 34.61
368 University of Sussex (US), United Kingdom (UK) 30.8 34.12
369 Northeast Normal University (NENU), China 47.93 34
370 Northeastern University (NEU), United States of America (USA) 32.41 33.99
371 Leibniz Institute for Solid State and Materials Research (IFW Dresden), Germany 27.09 33.92
372 Tongji University, China 46.03 33.77
373 NIH National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), United States of America (USA) 32.48 33.7
374 Brandeis University, United States of America (USA) 43.14 33.63
375 Carnegie Institution for Science (CIS), United States of America (USA) 39.59 33.57
376 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), United States of America (USA) 44.58 33.52
377 Cardiff University, United Kingdom (UK) 33.86 33.43
378 Complutense University of Madrid (UCM), Spain 40.23 33.41
379 Okayama University, Japan 25.16 33.21
380 University of South Carolina - Columbia (SC), United States of America (USA) 36.23 32.91
381 University of Strathclyde, United Kingdom (UK) 38.37 32.85
382 University of Hannover (LUH), Germany 33.61 32.8
383 Chongqing University (CQU), China 19.09 32.78
384 Western University (UWO), Canada 41.35 32.64
385 Fuzhou University (FZU), China 35.92 32.52
386 Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), United Kingdom (UK) 29.12 32.39
387 Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL), United States of America (USA) 30.97 32.3
388 Ulm University, Germany 31.1 32.1
389 National Institute of Applied Sciences (INSA), France 27.87 32.07
390 Newcastle University, United Kingdom (UK) 39.97 32.04
391 Beijing University of Chemical Technology (BUCT), China 30.34 32.03
392 City University of Hong Kong (CityU), China 31.97 32.01
393 Beihang University (BUAA), China 23.38 31.81
394 University of Lisbon (ULISBOA), Portugal 43.03 31.44
395 École Normale Supérieure (ENS Paris), France 33.84 31.31
396 University of Otago, New Zealand 27.6 31.08
397 Jagiellonian University (UJ), Poland 25.54 30.99
398 Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry (MPIBC), Germany 34.16 30.95
399 Umeå University (UMU), Sweden 22 30.86
400 The University of Tennessee at Knoxville (UTK), United States of America (USA) 36.21 30.66
401 National Chemical Laboratory (NCL), CSIR, India 40.85 30.54
402 University of Turin (UNITO), Italy 26.61 30.52
403 The University of Adelaide (Adelaide Uni), Australia 36.83 30.48
404 Charles University (CU), Czech Republic 22.3 30.43
405 Waseda University, Japan 21.6 30.27
406 Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf (HHU), Germany 28.48 30.2
407 Institute of Chemical Research of Catalonia (ICIQ), BIST, Spain 32.24 30.19
408 University of Bayreuth (UBT), Germany 30.02 29.73
409 University of Duisburg-Essen (UDE), Germany 31.26 29.67
410 Ewha Womans University (Ewha), South Korea 29.13 29.29
411 National Chiao Tung University (NCTU), Taiwan 46.48 29.26
412 University of Potsdam, Germany 24.74 29.25
413 Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST), South Korea 23.3 29.16
414 NIH Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), United States of America (USA) 22.55 29.13
415 Temple University, United States of America (USA) 34.58 29.09
416 University of Bologna (UNIBO), Italy 38.35 29.06
417 Pasteur Institute, France 29.78 29
418 U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, United States of America (USA) 27.6 28.93
419 University of Gothenburg (GU), Sweden 34.58 28.85
420 Max Planck Institute for Coal Research (MPIKOFO), Germany 27.19 28.78
421 Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU), United States of America (USA) 29.19 28.69
422 Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (SB RAS), Russia 41.93 28.47
423 University of Bremen (Uni Bremen), Germany 32.22 28.47
424 Shanghai University (SHU), China 31.87 28.47
425 Simon Fraser University (SFU), Canada 26.54 28.41
426 Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR), India 24.13 28.37
427 Washington State University (WSU), United States of America (USA) 37.72 28.29
428 Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur (IIT Kanpur), India 34.54 28.27
429 Bielefeld University, Germany 23.53 28.16
430 German Cancer Research Center in the Helmholtz Association (DKFZ), Germany 28.54 28.11
431 Linköping University (LiU), Sweden 26.7 27.95
432 Institute of Biophysics (IBP), CAS, China 19.36 27.79
433 The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth), United States of America (USA) 28.35 27.79
434 EMBL - Heidelberg, Germany, Germany 25.97 27.5
435 Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 27.43 27.26
436 University of Innsbruck (LFU), Austria 37.84 27.1
437 University of Sherbrooke (USherbrooke), Canada 27.71 27.09
438 Laval University (UL), Canada 35.88 26.65
439 Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB), Spain 36.88 26.53
440 Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway 23.7 26.5
441 Institute of Research for Development (IRD), France 29.26 26.42
442 University of Leicester, United Kingdom (UK) 28.7 26.42
443 Cleveland Clinic, United States of America (USA) 35.57 25.97
444 Merck & Co., Inc., United States of America (USA) 22.68 25.94
445 University of Missouri-Columbia (Mizzou), United States of America (USA) 44.81 25.85
446 GlaxoSmithKline plc. (GSK), United Kingdom (UK) 23.39 25.77
447 Kyung Hee University (KHU), South Korea 32.59 25.75
448 Central China Normal University (CCNU), China 22.48 25.61
449 Darmstadt University of Technology (TU Darmstadt), Germany 32.55 25.5
450 University of Milano-Bicocca (UNIMIB), Italy 28.73 25.5
451 Saint Petersburg State University (SPbU), Russia 17.48 25.36
452 Shandong Normal University (SDNU), China 20.78 25.33
453 University of Santiago de Compostela (USC), Spain 29.72 25.26
454 University of Milan (UNIMI), Italy 22.27 25.13
455 Kobe University, Japan 22.22 25.05
456 University of Crete (UOC), Greece 19.74 24.95
457 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Pune (IISER Pune), India 17.32 24.85
458 University of Jyväskylä, Finland 33.21 24.81
459 Bar-Ilan University (BIU), Israel 24.63 24.78
460 University of Science and Technology Beijing (USTB), China 29.48 24.71
461 Curtin University, Australia 19.23 24.62
462 Max Planck Institute for Physics (MPP), Germany 24.9 24.56
463 University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB), United States of America (USA) 33.77 24.54
464 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Bhopal (IISER Bhopal), India 21.09 24.52
465 Beijing Institute of Technology (BIT), China 31.35 24.44
466 Institute for Advanced Study (IAS), United States of America (USA) 24.97 24.44
467 The University of Texas at Dallas (UT Dallas), United States of America (USA) 26.77 24.42
468 Braunschweig University of Technology (TU Braunschweig), Germany 23.37 24.15
469 International School for Advanced Studies (ISAS), Italy 26.41 24.15
470 Catholic University of Louvain (UCL), Belgium 27.89 24.12
471 Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics (LICP), CAS, China 20.61 24.12
472 Saarland University (Saar-Uni), Germany 28.25 23.97
473 University of Oviedo (UniOvi), Spain 23.86 23.91
474 Fritz Haber Institute of the Max Planck Society (FHI), Germany 16.54 23.85
475 Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST), South Korea 24.83 23.83
476 University of Antwerp (UA), Belgium 26.69 23.78
477 University of Twente (UTwente), Netherlands 42.83 23.66
478 Nanjing Normal University (NNU), China 19.67 23.59
479 National Astronomical Observatories (NAOC), CAS, China 20.82 23.54
480 NIH National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI), United States of America (USA) 28.42 23.52
481 São Paulo State University (UNESP), Brazil 15.93 23.52
482 Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin for Materials and Energy (HZB), Germany 21.17 23.45
483 University of Southern Denmark (SDU), Denmark 22.86 23.43
484 Changzhou University (CZU), China 14.83 23.43
485 Georgia State University (GSU), United States of America (USA) 26.52 23.4
486 University of Victoria (UVic), Canada 29.09 23.35
487 Institute of Photonic Sciences (ICFO), BIST, Spain 31.8 23.31
488 École Polytechnique, France 24.54 23.3
489 Central South University (CSU), China 19.64 23.28
490 University of Naples Federico II (UNINA), Italy 22.35 23.28
491 Institute of Theoretical Physics (ITP), CAS, China 24.56 23.01
492 Zhengzhou University (ZZU), China 23.58 22.93
493 Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica (SIMM), CAS, China 29.39 22.93
494 Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College (CAMS & PUMC), China 32 22.62
495 Nanjing Tech University (NanjingTech), China 21.16 22.6
496 The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU), China 19.4 22.57
497 Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics (MPI MPQ), Germany 15.29 22.45
498 Drexel University, United States of America (USA) 34.17 22.39
499 Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems (MPIPKS), Germany 19.92 22.38
500 University of Graz (Uni Graz), Austria 23.79 22.36

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. It is important for users to understand that the data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, that they cover the natural sciences only and that outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output). We encourage users to combine the free-to-access Nature Index data with information from other sources.

The tables were last updated on 30 August 2017 with the most recent institution and article corrections.

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