2016 tables: Institutions - physical sciences - academic

Table criteria

The 2016 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2015 to 31 December 2015.

2015 Institution FC 2015
1 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 227.44
2 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 224.77
3 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 221.81
4 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 174.91
5 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 168.86
6 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 137.69
7 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 130.02
8 University of California Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 127.1
9 Peking University (PKU), China 123.06
10 Tsinghua University (TH), China 117.96
11 University of California Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA) 117.27
12 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 110.82
13 University of California Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 108.41
14 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 107.91
15 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 107.65
16 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 105.37
17 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 103.43
18 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 102.1
19 Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore 101.11
20 University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), China 93.58
21 Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA) 91.11
22 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 90.3
23 Tohoku University, Japan 87.52
24 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 87.25
25 National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore 87.11
26 Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), United States of America (USA) 86.9
27 Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), South Korea 86.17
28 Nanjing University (NJU), China 86.16
29 Seoul National University (SNU), South Korea 85.78
30 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 84.64
31 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 81.29
32 Kyoto University, Japan 80.59
33 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 80.06
34 Fudan University, China 79.62
35 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 74.79
36 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 73.7
37 University of Pennsylvania (Penn), United States of America (USA) 71.72
38 Rice University, United States of America (USA) 69.91
39 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 68.92
40 Soochow University, China 66.8
41 Zhejiang University (ZJU), China 63.5
42 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 62.17
43 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 61.83
44 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 61.09
45 Purdue University, United States of America (USA) 61.08
46 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Germany 60.97
47 Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), South Korea 60.75
48 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 60.69
49 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 59.15
50 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 56.63
51 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 54.23
52 Technion-Israel Institute of Technology (IIT), Israel 54.14
53 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 53.79
54 Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU), South Korea 53.02
55 University College London (UCL), United Kingdom (UK) 51.41
56 Pierre and Marie Curie University (UPMC) - Paris 6, France 49.95
57 Osaka University, Japan 48.96
58 National Taiwan University (NTU), Taiwan 48.15
59 Australian National University (ANU), Australia 48.12
60 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (RU), United States of America (USA) 47.52
61 University of Würzburg, Germany 45.42
62 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 44.47
63 Dresden University of Technology (TU Dresden), Germany 44.21
64 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 43.9
65 Tel Aviv University (TAU), Israel 43.24
66 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 42.69
67 Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), Japan 42.57
68 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 42.47
69 Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), Germany 42.27
70 Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 41.87
71 The Ohio State University (OSU), United States of America (USA) 41.83
72 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 41.69
73 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 41.45
74 Yonsei University, South Korea 40.98
75 Arizona State University (ASU), United States of America (USA) 40.82
76 Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST), China 40.77
77 Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), South Korea 40.43
78 North Carolina State University (NCSU), United States of America (USA) 40.43
79 University of Waterloo, Canada 40.16
80 Lund University (LU), Sweden 39.89
81 University of New South Wales (UNSW), Australia 39.8
82 State University of New York at Stony Brook (SUNY Stony Brook), United States of America (USA) 39.7
83 Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU), China 39.58
84 Aalto University, Finland 38.66
85 University of Paris Sud (UPSud), France 38.6
86 McGill University, Canada 38.45
87 Duke University, United States of America (USA) 37.53
88 Chalmers University of Technology (Chalmers), Sweden 37.51
89 Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU), China 37.47
90 The University of British Columbia (UBC), Canada 37.29
91 Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HUJI), Israel 36.76
92 Nagoya University, Japan 36.45
93 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 36.15
94 University of Southern California (USC), United States of America (USA) 36.05
95 Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM), Spain 36.04
96 Vienna University of Technology (TU Wien), Austria 35.52
97 Texas A&M University (TAMU), United States of America (USA) 35.25
98 Indian Institute of Science (IISc), India 35.13
99 Korea University (KU), South Korea 35
100 Humboldt University of Berlin (HU Berlin), Germany 34.37

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. It is important for users to understand that the data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, that they cover the natural sciences only and that outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output). We encourage users to combine the free-to-access Nature Index data with information from other sources.

The tables were last updated on 7 June 2018 with the most recent institution and article corrections.

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