2016 tables: Institutions - physical sciences - academic

Table criteria

The 2016 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2015 to 31 December 2015.

2015 Institution WFC 2014 WFC 2015
1 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 201.57 215.96
2 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 212.08 205.23
3 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 212.83 205.11
4 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 183.82 167.58
5 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 195.16 167.08
6 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 137.39 139.26
7 University of California Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 147.23 124.26
8 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 108.61 122.09
9 Peking University (PKU), China 110.95 109.09
10 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 101.99 104.95
11 University of California Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA) 116.84 103.51
12 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 103.75 101.19
13 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 94.87 99.72
14 Tsinghua University (TH), China 97.51 98.47
15 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 111.02 96.17
16 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 90.74 92.4
17 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 84.25 86.6
18 University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), China 81.94 85.68
19 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 60.38 85.36
20 University of California Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 81.59 84.76
21 Nanjing University (NJU), China 70.15 81.36
22 Tohoku University, Japan 75.8 81.34
23 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 68.6 78.02
24 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 98.38 76.42
25 Kyoto University, Japan 75.68 76.1
26 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 71.1 75.48
27 Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore 72.88 72.36
28 Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA) 69.41 70.14
29 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 67.37 68.97
30 National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore 82.97 67.22
31 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 51.45 65.91
32 Fudan University, China 56.29 65.38
33 Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), United States of America (USA) 50.98 61.69
34 Seoul National University (SNU), South Korea 72.58 60.53
35 University of Pennsylvania (Penn), United States of America (USA) 57.95 60.07
36 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 57.77 59.93
37 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 64.82 59.02
38 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 74.3 57.9
39 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 45.84 57.13
40 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 56 55.4
41 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 74.99 55.07
42 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 65.88 54.21
43 Technion-Israel Institute of Technology (IIT), Israel 49 53.52
44 University College London (UCL), United Kingdom (UK) 46.12 53.4
45 Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich (LMU), Germany 48.95 53.26
46 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Germany 68.17 53.24
47 Zhejiang University (ZJU), China 48.46 51.86
48 Purdue University, United States of America (USA) 54.03 51.73
49 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 47.91 51.48
50 Pierre and Marie Curie University (UPMC) - Paris 6, France 52.39 51.34
51 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 50.69 50.72
52 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 53.7 50.51
53 Osaka University, Japan 67.26 48.37
54 Australian National University (ANU), Australia 49.78 46.98
55 Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), South Korea 36.67 46.67
56 Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), South Korea 59.12 46.17
57 Rice University, United States of America (USA) 53.59 46.09
58 The Ohio State University (OSU), United States of America (USA) 52.36 44.53
59 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 36.14 44.19
60 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 43.16 44.11
61 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 41.61 43.88
62 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 42.67 43.39
63 Tel Aviv University (TAU), Israel 48.1 42.86
64 University of Würzburg, Germany 34.99 41.54
65 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (RU), United States of America (USA) 43.24 40.96
66 Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), Germany 32.2 40.75
67 The Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 50.5 40.66
68 Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), Japan 52.94 40.16
69 National Taiwan University (NTU), Taiwan 54.64 40.1
70 Soochow University, China 31.93 39.99
71 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 35.89 39.57
72 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 39.03 39.47
73 Leiden University, Netherlands 34.2 38.92
74 State University of New York at Stony Brook (SUNY Stony Brook), United States of America (USA) 38.14 38.48
75 University of Paris Sud (UPSud), France 42.63 38.17
76 Lund University (LU), Sweden 30.6 37.24
77 Nagoya University, Japan 37.96 37.05
78 University of Waterloo, Canada 42.04 36.96
79 University of New South Wales (UNSW), Australia 42.07 36.65
80 McGill University, Canada 28.12 36.31
81 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 33.45 36.28
82 The University of Arizona (Arizona), United States of America (USA) 34.88 36.17
83 Dresden University of Technology (TU Dresden), Germany 29.38 36.13
84 Vienna University of Technology (TU Wien), Austria 40.94 34.98
85 Aalto University, Finland 36.5 34.58
86 Chalmers University of Technology (Chalmers), Sweden 36.69 34.46
87 Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM), Spain 34.04 34.33
88 North Carolina State University (NCSU), United States of America (USA) 31.56 34.17
89 Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HUJI), Israel 31.32 34.01
90 University of Bonn (Uni Bonn), Germany 29.93 33.8
91 Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST), China 33.39 32.86
92 The University of British Columbia (UBC), Canada 33.09 32.83
93 Indian Institute of Science (IISc), India 40.55 32.65
94 The University of Nottingham (UoN), United Kingdom (UK) 29.23 32.47
95 Humboldt University of Berlin (HU Berlin), Germany 28.77 32.18
96 Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU), South Korea 30.95 31.81
97 University of Groningen (RUG), Netherlands 33.77 31.77
98 Duke University, United States of America (USA) 38.34 31.51
99 Texas A&M University (TAMU), United States of America (USA) 34.7 31.15
100 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 30.72 30.81

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. It is important for users to understand that the data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, that they cover the natural sciences only and that outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output). We encourage users to combine the free-to-access Nature Index data with information from other sources.

The tables were last updated on 28 November 2016 with the most recent institution and article corrections.

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