2016 tables: Institutions - life sciences - academic

The 2016 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2015 to 31 December 2015.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2015 Count 2015
1 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 175.86 521
2 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 159.15 497
3 UCL, United Kingdom (UK) 130.19 396
4 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 71.12 224
5 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 66.28 267
6 Karolinska Institute (KI), Sweden 64.82 293
7 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 62.70 202
8 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 58.86 279
9 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 56.96 242
10 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 55.97 193
11 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 55.41 162
12 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 54.43 227
13 University of Basel (UB), Switzerland 47.63 176
14 University of Freiburg (Uni Freiburg), Germany 46.62 147
15 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 43.60 192
16 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 43.14 179
17 University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen), Germany 41.26 164
18 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 37.98 115
19 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 37.51 114
20 Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium 35.52 139
21 University of Paris, France 34.96 327
22 Sorbonne University, France 34.27 331
23 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 33.61 115
24 University of Lausanne (UNIL), Switzerland 33.50 119
25 University of Göttingen, Germany 33.14 117
26 University of Bonn (Uni Bonn), Germany 32.70 144
27 Uppsala University (UU), Sweden 32.12 157
28 Leiden University, Netherlands 31.94 160
29 University of Helsinki, Finland 31.69 156
30 Radboud University Nijmegen (RU), Netherlands 29.30 171
31 Free University of Berlin (FU Berlin), Germany 28.52 219
32 Lund University (LU), Sweden 28.32 98
33 The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom (UK) 27.15 79
34 University of Groningen (RUG), Netherlands 26.31 118
35 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 26.13 110
36 Aarhus University (AU), Denmark 25.91 94
37 University of Cologne (UoC), Germany 25.08 112
38 Goethe University Frankfurt (GU), Germany 24.52 87
39 Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), United Kingdom (UK) 23.90 90
40 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 23.40 104
41 Stockholm University, Sweden 23.38 136
42 Umeå University (UMU), Sweden 23.32 77
43 Newcastle University, United Kingdom (UK) 23.21 94
44 University of Gothenburg (GU), Sweden 23.19 79
45 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 22.88 170
46 Humboldt University of Berlin (HU Berlin), Germany 22.42 201
47 University of Münster (WWU), Germany 22.36 86
48 University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU), Germany 22.18 84
49 Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR), Netherlands 22.13 137
50 VU Amsterdam, Netherlands 22.11 90
51 University of Oslo (UiO), Norway 21.93 96
52 Aix-Marseille University (AMU), France 21.85 134
53 Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf (HHU), Germany 21.69 79
54 University of Birmingham (UB), United Kingdom (UK) 21.52 82
55 Pompeu Fabra University (UPF), Spain 20.47 86
56 University of Montpellier, France 20.23 211
57 University of Dundee, United Kingdom (UK) 19.98 76
58 University of Paris-Sud (UPSud), France 19.85 226
59 University of Würzburg (JMU), Germany 19.50 76
60 Cardiff University, United Kingdom (UK) 19.33 82
61 University of Bern (UniBE), Switzerland 19.26 76
62 Philipps University of Marburg (Uni Marburg), Germany 18.63 56
63 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 18.30 70
64 University of Toulouse, France 18.19 117
65 University of Amsterdam (UvA), Netherlands 17.89 138
66 Wageningen University & Research (WUR), Netherlands 17.87 84
67 University of York, United Kingdom (UK) 17.58 46
68 University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 17.28 52
69 Dresden University of Technology (TU Dresden), Germany 17.17 99
70 Medical University of Vienna (MUW), Austria 16.96 83
71 University of Strasbourg, France 16.87 113
72 Ulm University, Germany 16.45 69
73 University of Barcelona (UB), Spain 16.22 122
74 University of Vienna, Austria 15.72 68
75 The Institute of Cancer Research (ICR), United Kingdom (UK) 15.65 47
76 Ghent University (UGent), Belgium 15.34 89
77 University of Leicester, United Kingdom (UK) 15.04 61
78 Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), Germany 14.99 66
79 Ruhr University Bochum (RUB), Germany 14.90 45
80 Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Belgium 14.84 39
81 The University of Warwick (Warwick), United Kingdom (UK) 14.73 54
82 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 14.73 67
83 The University of Dublin, Ireland 14.69 62
84 Hannover Medical School (MHH), Germany 14.57 89
85 University of Lyon, France 14.45 118
86 University of Padova (UNIPD), Italy 13.44 59
87 University of Sussex, United Kingdom (UK) 13.35 37
88 Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM), Spain 13.16 79
89 Leipzig University, Germany 12.97 70
90 Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway 12.47 37
91 University of Kiel (CAU), Germany 12.15 94
92 Sapienza University of Rome, Italy 12.00 58
93 University of Bordeaux, France 11.95 90
94 Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Sweden 11.82 58
95 University of Regensburg (UR), Germany 11.54 48
96 Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB), Spain 10.85 51
97 University of Duisburg-Essen (UDE), Germany 10.73 56
98 University of Turin (UNITO), Italy 10.68 63
99 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 10.49 52
100 The University of Nottingham (UoN), United Kingdom (UK) 10.43 50

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.