2016 tables: Institutions - academic

The 2016 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2015 to 31 December 2015.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2015 Count 2015
1 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 438.28 1,221
2 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 432.89 1,242
3 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 377.17 902
4 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 228.57 576
5 UCL, United Kingdom (UK) 224.31 767
6 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 222.99 781
7 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 181.05 581
8 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 167.65 542
9 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 144.36 598
10 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Germany 137.25 381
11 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 133.90 557
12 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 131.35 423
13 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 128.62 508
14 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 125.38 448
15 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 123.77 551
16 University of Würzburg (JMU), Germany 120.45 314
17 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 118.90 528
18 Sorbonne University, France 117.38 1,105
19 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 116.30 367
20 Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium 106.97 312
21 University of Münster (WWU), Germany 106.73 252
22 University of Göttingen, Germany 106.02 354
23 University of Groningen (RUG), Netherlands 103.86 336
24 Free University of Berlin (FU Berlin), Germany 103.10 461
25 Lund University (LU), Sweden 99.51 337
26 University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU), Germany 98.79 267
27 University of Bonn (Uni Bonn), Germany 95.60 366
28 Stockholm University, Sweden 94.87 436
29 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 94.79 369
30 Uppsala University (UU), Sweden 94.29 401
31 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 93.16 297
32 University of Freiburg (Uni Freiburg), Germany 92.25 313
33 University of Basel (UB), Switzerland 91.58 278
34 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 90.44 266
35 RWTH Aachen University (RWTH Aachen), Germany 89.62 290
36 University of Paris, France 88.35 824
37 Humboldt University of Berlin (HU Berlin), Germany 87.61 496
38 Aarhus University (AU), Denmark 87.15 246
39 Dresden University of Technology (TU Dresden), Germany 86.41 376
40 Leiden University, Netherlands 86.38 310
41 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 83.95 330
42 University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen), Germany 81.88 269
43 The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom (UK) 79.11 287
44 Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), Germany 78.94 349
45 The University of Warwick (Warwick), United Kingdom (UK) 78.83 328
46 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 78.74 197
47 Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Denmark 77.55 213
48 University of Paris-Sud (UPSud), France 76.75 700
49 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 74.98 228
50 University of Regensburg (UR), Germany 74.09 160
51 Karolinska Institute (KI), Sweden 73.20 318
52 Goethe University Frankfurt (GU), Germany 72.16 202
53 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 72.05 391
54 University of Bern (UniBE), Switzerland 71.83 336
55 Radboud University Nijmegen (RU), Netherlands 71.66 452
56 Ghent University (UGent), Belgium 70.94 259
57 Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM), Spain 69.93 363
58 The University of Nottingham (UoN), United Kingdom (UK) 69.11 171
59 University of Barcelona (UB), Spain 68.90 343
60 Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin), Germany 65.76 139
61 University of Strasbourg, France 63.26 380
62 University of Amsterdam (UvA), Netherlands 62.33 456
63 Chalmers University of Technology (Chalmers), Sweden 60.84 133
64 University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 60.63 232
65 University of Stuttgart, Germany 59.94 143
66 Ruhr University Bochum (RUB), Germany 59.79 192
67 University of Toulouse, France 58.88 411
68 University of Cologne (UoC), Germany 58.79 203
69 University of Helsinki, Finland 58.32 304
70 KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden 57.55 367
71 Aalto University, Finland 55.77 214
72 University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 55.10 341
73 University of Vienna, Austria 53.53 183
74 University of Lyon, France 53.11 405
75 Philipps University of Marburg (Uni Marburg), Germany 53.08 123
76 Grenoble Alpes University (UGA), France 52.79 567
77 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 52.77 183
78 Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e), Netherlands 52.46 112
79 University of Birmingham (UB), United Kingdom (UK) 51.12 294
80 Vienna University of Technology (TU Wien), Austria 50.47 148
81 University of York, United Kingdom (UK) 49.81 133
82 Sapienza University of Rome, Italy 49.45 368
83 Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), United Kingdom (UK) 49.16 249
84 Aix-Marseille University (AMU), France 47.39 451
85 University of Montpellier, France 47.14 373
86 VU Amsterdam, Netherlands 46.75 338
87 University of Lausanne (UNIL), Switzerland 46.46 155
88 University of Valencia (UV), Spain 46.29 263
89 University of Bayreuth (UBT), Germany 46.23 98
90 University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Spain 45.38 205
91 University of Oslo (UiO), Norway 45.06 267
92 University of Bath, United Kingdom (UK) 44.99 108
93 University of Padova (UNIPD), Italy 44.71 282
94 Leipzig University, Germany 44.68 132
95 Friedrich Schiller University Jena (FSU), Germany 44.50 169
96 University of Konstanz, Germany 43.99 89
97 The University of Dublin, Ireland 43.95 137
98 University of Kiel (CAU), Germany 41.06 165
99 Newcastle University, United Kingdom (UK) 40.33 172
100 Complutense University of Madrid (UCM), Spain 38.86 160
101 Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Belgium 38.74 178
102 Ulm University, Germany 38.43 134
103 University of Bordeaux, France 38.39 249
104 Linköping University (LiU), Sweden 38.25 110
105 Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU), Russia 38.01 312
106 Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf (HHU), Germany 37.77 114
107 Cardiff University, United Kingdom (UK) 37.54 136
108 University of Turin (UNITO), Italy 37.50 230
109 National Institute of Applied Sciences (INSA), France 37.42 301
110 University of Warsaw (UW), Poland 37.18 139
111 Queen's University Belfast (QUB), United Kingdom (UK) 37.15 103
112 Umeå University (UMU), Sweden 36.50 109
113 Leibniz University Hannover (LUH), Germany 36.20 83
114 University of Florence (UNIFI), Italy 36.15 198
115 University of Duisburg-Essen (UDE), Germany 35.93 108
116 Wageningen University & Research (WUR), Netherlands 35.87 144
117 University of Gothenburg (GU), Sweden 34.34 122
118 University of Naples Federico II (UNINA), Italy 33.98 264
119 University of Bremen (Uni Bremen), Germany 33.48 116
120 University of Sussex, United Kingdom (UK) 33.19 166
121 Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB), Spain 32.70 232
122 University of Strathclyde, United Kingdom (UK) 32.09 106
123 University of Lisbon (ULISBOA), Portugal 32.02 193
124 Jagiellonian University (UJ), Poland 31.30 157
125 University of Santiago de Compostela (USC), Spain 31.23 137
126 University of Potsdam, Germany 30.85 117
127 Catholic University of Louvain (UCLouvain), Belgium 30.65 134
128 Bielefeld University, Germany 30.01 64
129 University of Leicester, United Kingdom (UK) 29.84 113
130 University of Twente (UTwente), Netherlands 29.67 62
131 Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway 29.59 82
132 Charles University (CU), Czech Republic 29.52 255
133 University of Milano-Bicocca (UNIMIB), Italy 29.47 185
134 University of Reading, United Kingdom (UK) 29.41 101
135 University of Antwerp (UA), Belgium 29.29 140
136 University of Bologna (UNIBO), Italy 29.04 291
137 University of Innsbruck (LFU), Austria 28.61 169
138 Saint Petersburg State University (SPbU), Russia 28.01 101
139 Technical University of Darmstadt (TU Darmstadt), Germany 27.95 97
140 University of Southern Denmark (SDU), Denmark 27.22 97
141 University of Crete (UOC), Greece 27.21 73
142 Saarland University (Saar-Uni), Germany 26.61 75
143 University of Jyväskylä, Finland 26.49 150
144 Technical University Braunschweig (TU Braunschweig), Germany 26.43 91
145 University of Milan (UNIMI), Italy 26.30 248
146 École Normale Supérieure (ENS Paris), France 25.23 272
147 University of Graz (Uni Graz), Austria 25.20 66
148 Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati (SISSA), Italy 25.16 97
149 University College Dublin (UCD), Ireland 25.04 180
150 University of Oviedo (UniOvi), Spain 25.01 103
151 University of East Anglia (UEA), United Kingdom (UK) 24.92 96
152 Lancaster University, United Kingdom (UK) 24.86 172
153 University of Rostock, Germany 24.57 102
154 Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR), Netherlands 23.90 149
155 University of Porto (UP), Portugal 23.27 111
156 TU Dortmund University, Germany 22.92 184
157 University of Zaragoza (Unizar), Spain 22.75 98
158 Giessen University (JLU), Germany 22.48 166
159 University of Dundee, United Kingdom (UK) 22.00 85
160 Pompeu Fabra University (UPF), Spain 21.51 93
161 Heriot-Watt University, United Kingdom (UK) 21.47 56
162 University of Aberdeen, United Kingdom (UK) 21.15 84
163 University of Seville (US), Spain 21.12 100
164 University of Siegen, Germany 20.96 117
165 University of Lille Nord de France, France 20.89 146
166 University of Bergen (UIB), Norway 20.79 208
167 University of Turku (UTU), Finland 20.60 84
168 Grenoble Institute of Technology (Grenoble INP), France 19.84 316
169 Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Sweden 19.74 84
170 École Polytechnique, France 19.61 202
171 Medical University of Vienna (MUW), Austria 19.52 96
172 Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU), Germany 19.50 80
173 University of Wrocław (UWr), Poland 19.22 49
174 University of Liège (ULg), Belgium 19.10 69
175 University of Rome Tor Vergata, Italy 18.91 195
176 University of Fribourg (UNIFR), Switzerland 18.65 68
177 University of Girona (UdG), Spain 18.43 48
178 University of Rennes 1, France 18.10 131
179 University of Granada (UGR), Spain 17.45 146
180 Swansea University, United Kingdom (UK) 17.43 56
181 Free University of Brussels (VUB), Belgium 17.01 122
182 University of Kaiserslautern (TU Kaiserslautern), Germany 16.89 50
183 Polytechnic University of Milan, Italy 16.63 84
184 University of Pisa (UNIPI), Italy 16.57 234
185 University of Lorraine (UL), France 16.31 98
186 University of Oldenburg, Germany 16.05 56
187 University of La Laguna (ULL), Spain 15.66 83
188 The Institute of Cancer Research (ICR), United Kingdom (UK) 15.65 47
189 University of Augsburg, Germany 15.46 44
190 Masaryk University (MU), Czech Republic 15.42 70
191 Hannover Medical School (MHH), Germany 15.42 95
192 University of London - Royal Holloway (RHUL), United Kingdom (UK) 15.24 143
193 University of the Balearic Islands (UIB), Spain 15.20 40
194 Polytechnic University of Valencia (UPV), Spain 15.17 48
195 University of Surrey, United Kingdom (UK) 14.91 54
196 University of Aveiro (UA), Portugal 14.90 48
197 École Normale Supérieure de Lyon (ENS de Lyon), France 14.50 149
198 University of Trieste (UNITS), Italy 14.49 160
199 Polytechnic University of Catalonia (UPC), Spain 14.44 59
200 University of Pavia (UNIPV), Italy 14.38 181
201 University of Murcia (UMU), Spain 14.25 29
202 University of Iceland, Iceland 14.17 69
203 New University of Lisbon (UNL), Portugal 14.12 92
204 University of Greifswald, Germany 14.09 55
205 University of Genova, Italy 14.07 218
206 University of Belgrade, Serbia 14.00 158
207 University of Wuppertal, Germany 13.71 116
208 University of Salerno (UNISA), Italy 13.68 58
209 Graz University of Technology (TU Graz), Austria 13.64 52
210 University of Ljubljana, Slovenia 13.29 133
211 ESPCI ParisTech, France 13.25 98
212 University of Coimbra (UC), Portugal 13.24 121
213 Palacky University (PU), Czech Republic 13.23 115
214 Novosibirsk State University (NSU), Russia 13.19 103
215 Johannes Kepler University of Linz (JKU), Austria 13.10 35
216 ITMO National Research University (ITMO University), Russia 13.03 41
217 Rovira i Virgili University (URV), Spain 12.99 38
218 University of Trento (UNITN), Italy 12.98 93
219 Jaume I University (UJI), Spain 12.77 47
220 Eötvös Loránd University (ELTE), Hungary 12.49 70
221 University College Cork (UCC), Ireland 12.08 54
222 University of Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines (UVSQ), France 11.94 164
223 Tampere University, Finland 11.83 135
224 University of Tromsø - The Arctic University of Norway (UiT), Norway 11.82 52
225 University of Oulu, Finland 11.51 55
226 University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna (BOKU), Austria 11.48 30
227 Birkbeck, University of London (BBK), United Kingdom (UK) 11.28 53
228 Jacobs University Bremen, Germany 11.27 30
229 Ilmenau University of Technology (TU Ilmenau), Germany 11.25 24
230 Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology - State University (MIPT), Russia 11.08 104
231 University of Tartu (UT), Estonia 11.08 58
232 National University of Ireland Galway (NUI Galway), Ireland 11.00 41
233 Institute of Science and Technology Austria (IST Austria), Austria 10.94 28
234 Collège de France, France 10.91 118
235 University of Chemistry and Technology, Prague (UCT), Czech Republic 10.78 26
236 École Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Montpellier (ENSCM), France 10.74 88
237 University Clermont Auvergne, France 10.70 191
238 Scuola Normale Superiore (SNS), Italy 10.55 139
239 University of Nantes, France 10.49 116
240 University of Mons (UMONS), Belgium 10.39 85
241 Budapest University of Technology and Economics (BME), Hungary 10.38 47
242 Technical University of Madrid (UPM), Spain 10.23 33
243 University of Savoy (USMB), France 10.20 225
244 Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań (AMU), Poland 10.18 43
245 Institut Polytechnique de Bordeaux (Bordeaux INP), France 10.17 68
246 University of Aalborg (AAU), Denmark 10.14 45
247 Miguel Hernández University of Elche (UMH), Spain 10.08 27
248 Maastricht University (UM), Netherlands 10.03 49
249 University of Bari Aldo Moro (UniBA), Italy 9.88 144
250 University of Perugia, Italy 9.70 121
251 University of Alicante (UA), Spain 9.63 35
252 Warsaw University of Technology (WUT), Poland 9.52 65
253 Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg (OVGU), Germany 9.44 40
254 AGH University of Science and Technology (AGH UST), Poland 9.21 144
255 National and Kapodistrian University of Athens (UOA), Greece 9.20 171
256 London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM), United Kingdom (UK) 9.13 47
257 University of Parma (UNIPR), Italy 9.10 49
258 University of Salamanca (USAL), Spain 9.08 41
259 University of Osnabrück (Uni Osnabrück), Germany 9.04 30
260 Loughborough University, United Kingdom (UK) 9.03 42
261 University of Limerick (UL), Ireland 8.97 18
262 University of Calabria (UNICAL), Italy 8.93 103
263 Institut Mines-Télécom (IMT), France 8.60 82
264 University of Castilla-La Mancha (UCLM), Spain 8.58 40
265 University of Kassel, Germany 8.56 22
266 The Open University (OU), United Kingdom (UK) 8.52 40
267 Gustave Eiffel University, France 8.49 79
268 University of Cyprus, Cyprus 8.45 58
269 Medical University of Innsbruck (MUI), Austria 8.44 38
270 University of Minho (UM), Portugal 8.38 101
271 École Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Rennes (ENSCR), France 8.35 69
272 University of Ferrara (UNIFE), Italy 8.21 88
273 Polytechnic University of Turin, Italy 8.14 47
274 University of Plymouth, United Kingdom (UK) 7.98 35
275 Technische Universität Bergakademie Freiberg (TUBAF), Germany 7.97 19
276 University of Ioannina (UOI), Greece 7.83 67
277 Bangor University, United Kingdom (UK) 7.78 22
278 University of Cagliari (UNICA), Italy 7.71 66
279 University of Debrecen, Hungary 7.70 65
280 University of Namur (UNamur), Belgium 7.64 19
281 Dublin City University (DCU), Ireland 7.59 19
282 University of Alcalá (UAH), Spain 7.47 30
283 University of Vigo (UVIGO), Spain 7.35 25
284 University of Salzburg, Austria 7.34 23
285 Università della Svizzera Italiana (USI), Switzerland 7.25 22
286 University of Roma Tre, Italy 7.19 111
287 Vilnius University (VU), Lithuania 7.18 59
288 University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna (VUM), Austria 7.11 20
289 University of Patras, Greece 7.00 27
290 University of Portsmouth, United Kingdom (UK) 6.83 32
291 University of Orléans, France 6.82 62
292 University of Málaga (UMA), Spain 6.81 26
293 University of Eastern Finland (UEF), Finland 6.81 53
294 University of Verona (UNIVR), Italy 6.79 41
295 University of Paderborn (UPB), Germany 6.73 20
296 University of Lübeck, Germany 6.71 80
297 National Technical University of Athens (NTUA), Greece 6.63 103
298 University of Hull, United Kingdom (UK) 6.59 30
299 National Research Nuclear University MEPhI (Moscow Engineering Physics Institute), Russia 6.52 151
300 Hasselt University (UHasselt), Belgium 6.50 19
301 University of Salento, Italy 6.25 109
302 Wrocław University of Science and Technology (WRUT), Poland 6.25 14
303 Pablo de Olavide University (UPO), Spain 6.25 29
304 Ural Federal University (UrFU), Russia 6.25 27
305 Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (AUTH), Greece 6.19 94
306 University of Modena and Reggio Emilia (UNIMORE), Italy 6.12 68
307 Paris Observatory, France 6.10 120
308 University of Valladolid (UVa), Spain 6.09 21
309 University of Siena (UNISI), Italy 6.03 64
310 Eastern Mediterranean University (EMU), Cyprus 6.00 6
311 University of Silesia (US), Poland 5.98 20
312 École Pratique des Hautes Études (EPHE), France 5.97 98
313 AgroParisTech, France 5.80 59
314 Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Ukraine 5.71 38
315 University of Navarra (UNAV), Spain 5.70 18
316 Linnaeus University (LNU), Sweden 5.70 12
317 University of Insubria, Italy 5.65 30
318 Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń (NCU), Poland 5.64 32
319 Tomsk State University (TSU), Russia 5.61 56
320 University of L'Aquila (UNIVAQ), Italy 5.49 34
321 University of Catania, Italy 5.46 105
322 University of Burgundy, France 5.45 43
323 Lobachevsky State University of Nizhni Novgorod (UNN), Russia 5.40 30
324 Chemnitz University of Technology (TU Chemnitz), Germany 5.38 27
325 Paris-Est Créteil University (UPEC), France 5.23 52
326 University of Messina (UNIME), Italy 5.22 41
327 Keele University, United Kingdom (UK) 5.17 21
328 Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland (RCSI), Ireland 5.13 32
329 University of Chieti (Ud'A), Italy 5.10 16
330 University of Gdańsk (UG), Poland 5.05 19
331 University of Kent, United Kingdom (UK) 5.04 39
332 Caen University (UNICAEN), France 5.02 41
333 Le Mans University, France 5.00 29
334 University of Hohenheim, Germany 4.98 15
335 Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics (SIB), Switzerland 4.97 61
336 University of Cantabria (UC), Spain 4.94 77
337 University of Cádiz (UCA), Spain 4.92 19
338 University of Neuchâtel (UniNE), Switzerland 4.88 15
339 University of Zagreb, Croatia 4.81 46
340 Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University (SPbPU), Russia 4.81 62
341 Saratov State University (SGU), Russia 4.79 11
342 Institut d'Optique Graduate School (IOGS), France 4.78 34
343 CY Cergy Paris University, France 4.72 40
344 Liverpool John Moores University (LJMU), United Kingdom (UK) 4.72 32
345 University of Rouen, France 4.70 30
346 University of Brescia (UNIBS), Italy 4.66 26
347 University of Angers, France 4.65 46
348 Comenius University in Bratislava (UK), Slovakia 4.65 108
349 University Institute of France (IUF), France 4.61 49
350 University of Poitiers, France 4.57 18
351 University of La Rioja (UR), Spain 4.54 9
352 University of Eastern Piedmont "Amedeo Avogadro" (UNIPMN), Italy 4.51 89
353 Kazan Federal University (KFU), Russia 4.47 28
354 Superior National School of Advanced Techniques (ENSTA ParisTech), France 4.45 28
355 University of Koblenz and Landau, Germany 4.42 9
356 University of Luxembourg, Luxembourg 4.41 21
357 Sofia University St. Kliment Ohridski, Bulgaria 4.40 50
358 University of Tours (UFR), France 4.39 30
359 University of A Coruña (UDC), Spain 4.38 14
360 Åbo Akademi University, Finland 4.38 30
361 National Interuniversity Consortium for the Physical Sciences of Matter (CNISM), Italy 4.35 33
362 Cranfield University, United Kingdom (UK) 4.28 22
363 University of Applied Sciences and Arts Northwestern Switzerland (FHNW), Switzerland 4.25 14
364 Northumbria University, United Kingdom (UK) 4.23 16
365 Polytechnic University of Bari, Italy 4.20 95
366 Semmelweis University (SE), Hungary 4.20 31
367 University of Évry-Val d'Essonne (UEVE), France 4.12 85
368 University of Haute-Alsace (UHA), France 4.06 42
369 University of Palermo (UNIPA), Italy 3.98 49
370 University of Western Brittany (UBO), France 3.98 56
371 University of Essex, United Kingdom (UK) 3.97 16
372 University of Jaén (UJU), Spain 3.96 10
373 Chimie ParisTech (ENSCP), France 3.94 46
374 Aston University, United Kingdom (UK) 3.91 16
375 University of Burgos (UBU), Spain 3.91 9
376 Czech Technical University in Prague (CTU), Czech Republic 3.85 122
377 Higher Institute for Electronics and Digital Training (ISEN), France 3.75 39
378 University of Technology of Belfort-Montbéliard (UTBM), France 3.69 28
379 University of Huelva (UHU), Spain 3.68 11
380 University of Cordoba (UCO), Spain 3.67 17
381 University of Paris Nord (Paris 13), France 3.66 31
382 École des Ponts ParisTech (ENPC), France 3.60 44
383 Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies (DIAS), Ireland 3.59 12
384 Leuphana University of Lueneburg, Germany 3.59 7
385 University of Lodz (UL), Poland 3.53 21
386 Brunel University London, United Kingdom (UK) 3.53 58
387 University of Toulon (UTLN), France 3.51 36
388 Aberystwyth University, United Kingdom (UK) 3.48 19
389 University of Camerino (UNICAM), Italy 3.45 19
390 University of Szeged (SZTE), Hungary 3.40 16
391 University of Pau and Pays de l'Adour (UPPA), France 3.38 27
392 Tallinn University of Technology (TUT), Estonia 3.37 11
393 Catholic University of the Sacred Heart (UCSC), Italy 3.37 18
394 École Normale Supérieure Paris-Saclay (ENS Paris-Saclay), France 3.34 41
395 Roskilde University (RUC), Denmark 3.33 11
396 Gran Sasso Science Institute (GSSI), Italy 3.32 23
397 Ca' Foscari University of Venice (UNIVE), Italy 3.31 14
398 National University of Science and Technology (MISIS), Russia 3.24 27
399 University of South Bohemia, Czech Republic 3.23 15
400 University of Ulster (UU), United Kingdom (UK) 3.23 7
401 Maria Curie-Skłodowska University (UMCS), Poland 3.22 8
402 University of Udine (UNIUD), Italy 3.20 107
403 University of Picardie Jules Verne (UPJV), France 3.20 26
404 University of Hertfordshire (UH), United Kingdom (UK) 3.18 22
405 Gdańsk University of Technology (GUT), Poland 3.15 15
406 University of Huddersfield, United Kingdom (UK) 3.15 9
407 University of Pardubice, Czech Republic 3.14 9
408 Marche Polytechnic University (UNIVPM), Italy 3.07 21
409 University of Central Lancashire (UCLan), United Kingdom (UK) 3.07 8
410 École Supérieure de Chimie Physique Électronique de Lyon or (CPE Lyon), France 3.06 27
411 Coventry University, United Kingdom (UK) 3.03 5
412 University of Urbino, Italy 3.00 40
413 Southern Federal University (SFedU), Russia 2.97 10
414 University of Franche-Comté (UFC), France 2.93 30
415 Lodz University of Technology (TUL), Poland 2.91 10
416 Hamburg University of Technology (TUHH), Germany 2.87 10
417 National Research University Higher School of Economics (HSE), Russia 2.87 14
418 Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology (Skoltech), Russia 2.83 18
419 Tomsk State Pedagogical University (TSPU), Russia 2.79 9
420 Technical University of Cartagena (UPCT), Spain 2.77 4
421 Norwegian University of Life Sciences (NMBU), Norway 2.73 16
422 University of León (ULE), Spain 2.67 5
423 Medical University of Gdańsk (MUG), Poland 2.64 9
424 V.N. Karazin Kharkiv National University, Ukraine 2.64 8
425 Babeș-Bolyai University (UBB), Romania 2.63 10
426 University of Stavanger (UiS), Norway 2.59 8
427 Clausthal University of Technology (TU Clausthal), Germany 2.54 6
428 University of Sassari (UniSS), Italy 2.51 27
429 SIGMA Clermont, France 2.47 22
430 Medical University of Lodz (MUL), Poland 2.44 10
431 Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine (LSTM), United Kingdom (UK) 2.44 13
432 Lappeenranta University of Technology (LUT), Finland 2.43 88
433 University of Magna Graecia (UMG), Italy 2.40 13
434 Silesian University in Opava (SLU), Czech Republic 2.36 6
435 University of Campania Luigi Vanvitelli, Italy 2.30 20
436 University of Valenciennes and Hainaut-Cambrésis (UVHC), France 2.25 24
437 National University of Ireland Maynooth (NUI Maynooth), Ireland 2.24 13
438 Samara National Research University, Russia 2.23 4
439 University of South Brittany (UBS), France 2.21 44
440 University of Algarve (UAlg), Portugal 2.20 12
441 Latvian Institute of Organic Synthesis (IOS), Latvia 2.17 4
442 University of Limoges (ULIM), France 2.12 14
443 City, University of London (CUL), United Kingdom (UK) 2.12 9
444 Vita-Salute San Raffaele University (UniSR), Italy 2.10 21
445 Montpellier SupAgro, France 2.09 31
446 University of the French West Indies (UAG), France 2.08 29
447 Manchester Metropolitan University (MMU), United Kingdom (UK) 2.06 7
448 École Supérieure d'Électricité (Supélec), France 2.04 32
449 University of Rzeszów, Poland 2.00 4
449 University of Craiova (UCV), Romania 2.00 5
450 University of Leoben, Austria 1.99 9
451 St George's, University of London (SGUL), United Kingdom (UK) 1.99 18
452 University of Basilicata, Italy 1.99 75
453 University of Reims Champagne-Ardenne (URCA), France 1.99 7
454 Örebro University, Sweden 1.97 9
455 Sheffield Hallam University (SHU), United Kingdom (UK) 1.97 8
456 University of Latvia (LU), Latvia 1.96 10
457 The Jan Kochanowski University in Kielce (UJK), Poland 1.95 9
458 University of Malta, Malta 1.94 6
459 Medical University of Graz (Med Uni Graz), Austria 1.92 32
460 University of La Rochelle, France 1.92 16
461 Silesian University of Technology (SUT), Poland 1.91 5
462 University of Bucharest (UB), Romania 1.89 13
463 Odessa I. I. Mechnikov National University (UNO), Ukraine 1.88 6
464 Alexandru Ioan Cuza University (UAIC), Romania 1.87 4
465 Jožef Stefan International Postgraduate School (IPS), Slovenia 1.82 14
466 Anglia Ruskin University, United Kingdom (UK) 1.78 50
467 Reykjavik University, Iceland 1.78 6
468 École Supérieure de Danse de Cannes Rosella Hightower, France 1.71 126
468 Sustainable Design School (SDS), France 1.71 126
468 National School of Fine Arts at the Villa Arson, France 1.71 126
468 École Supérieure de Réalisation Audiovisuelle (ESRA), France 1.71 126
468 EDHEC Business School, France 1.71 126
468 SKEMA Business School, France 1.71 126
469 Far Eastern Federal University (FEFU), Russia 1.69 9
470 Tomsk Polytechnic University (TPU), Russia 1.69 6
471 University of Pannonia, Hungary 1.67 5
472 San Pablo CEU University (USPCEU), Spain 1.66 7
473 Centrale Graduate School, France 1.64 23
474 University of Beira Interior (UBI), Portugal 1.63 11
475 Belarusian State University (BSU), Belarus 1.63 116
476 University Centre in Svalbard (UNIS), Norway 1.62 15
477 Institut National Supérieur des Sciences Agronomiques, Agroalimentaires, Horticoles et du Paysage (Agrocampus Ouest), France 1.58 17
478 University of Maribor, Slovenia 1.57 24
479 Charles III University of Madrid (UC3M), Spain 1.57 8
480 The University of Perpignan Via Domitia (UPVD), France 1.56 19
481 National Research University of Electronic Technology (MIET), Russia 1.52 5
482 National School for Water and Environmental Engineering of Strasbourg (ENGEES), France 1.47 14
483 University of Tuscia (UNITUS), Italy 1.46 14
484 Ramon Llull University (URL), Spain 1.46 33
485 Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava (STU), Slovakia 1.45 7
486 University of Pécs (PTE), Hungary 1.43 6
487 Central European University (CEU), Hungary 1.37 8
488 National Engineering Institute in Mechanics and Microtechnologies (ENSMM), France 1.36 12
489 Brandenburg University of Technology Cottbus - Senftenberg (BTU), Germany 1.36 27
490 Public University of Navarre (UPNA), Spain 1.32 7
491 Hellenic Mediterranean University (HMU), Greece 1.32 3
492 Kiel University of Applied Sciences, Germany 1.29 2
493 University of Technology of Compiègne (UTC), France 1.28 4
494 Dubna International University of Nature, Society and Man, Russia 1.26 4

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.