2016 tables: Institutions - academic

Table criteria

The 2016 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2015 to 31 December 2015.

2015 Institution Share 2015
1 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 884.73
2 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 636.08
3 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 567.75
4 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 527
5 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 438.36
6 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 432.94
7 University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 426.91
8 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 377.17
9 Peking University (PKU), China 369.66
10 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 368.46
11 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 363.83
12 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 346.04
13 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 338.34
14 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 328.52
15 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 325.11
16 University of Pennsylvania (Penn), United States of America (USA) 312.66
17 Kyoto University, Japan 311.72
18 Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA) 302.78
19 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 296.28
20 Nanjing University (NJU), China 290.48
21 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 287.13
22 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 281.28
23 Tsinghua University, China 278.84
24 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 269.24
25 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 269.04
26 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 266.16
27 Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 263.45
28 University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), China 261.69
29 Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore 254.33
30 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 253.18
31 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 243.26
32 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 228.57
33 University College London (UCL), United Kingdom (UK) 223.34
34 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 222.99
35 Zhejiang University (ZJU), China 222.73
36 University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA) 216.45
37 Duke University, United States of America (USA) 213.84
38 National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore 212.79
39 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 211.59
40 Fudan University, China 209.74
41 University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), United States of America (USA) 208.12
42 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 207.3
43 Osaka University, Japan 206.39
44 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 196.92
45 Tohoku University, Japan 194.63
46 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 191.62
47 McGill University, Canada 190.41
48 Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL), United States of America (USA) 184.49
49 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 181.1
50 The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), United States of America (USA) 180.45
51 University of California, Davis (UC Davis), United States of America (USA) 177.02
52 New York University (NYU), United States of America (USA) 174.65
53 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 171.74
54 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 167.56
55 Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), United States of America (USA) 167.21
56 Seoul National University (SNU), South Korea 166.93
57 Texas A&M University (TAMU), United States of America (USA) 161.6
58 The Ohio State University (OSU), United States of America (USA) 157.55
59 Nankai University (NKU), China 157.34
60 Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), South Korea 156.02
61 The University of British Columbia (UBC), Canada 154.94
62 Purdue University, United States of America (USA) 152.11
63 Nagoya University, Japan 148.32
64 The University of Queensland (UQ), Australia 146.83
65 University of Florida (UF), United States of America (USA) 146.68
66 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 146.22
67 University of Southern California (USC), United States of America (USA) 144.91
68 Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), Japan 140.83
69 Soochow University, China 140.7
70 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Germany 137.25
71 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 135.28
72 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (RU), United States of America (USA) 135.22
73 University of Pittsburgh (Pitt), United States of America (USA) 135.08
74 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 131.43
75 University of California, Irvine (UCI), United States of America (USA) 129.81
76 Vanderbilt University (VU), United States of America (USA) 129.67
77 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 128.69
78 The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center (UT Southwestern Medical Center), United States of America (USA) 127.13
79 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 125.36
80 Sun Yat-sen University (SYSU), China 125.07
81 Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HUJI), Israel 123.99
82 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 123.77
83 The University of Utah (Utah), United States of America (USA) 120.61
84 University of Würzburg (JMU), Germany 120.45
85 Xiamen University (XMU), China 119.69
86 Hokkaido University, Japan 119.43
87 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 118.67
88 Monash University, Australia 118.09
89 Sorbonne University, France 117.35
90 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 116.3
91 Rice University, United States of America (USA) 115.86
92 National Taiwan University (NTU), Taiwan 115.83
93 Wuhan University (WHU), China 114.67
94 University of New South Wales (UNSW Sydney), Australia 113.92
95 Boston University (BU), United States of America (USA) 113.37
96 University of Alberta (U of A), Canada 112.86
97 Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), South Korea 111.34
98 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS), China 110.38
99 State University of New York at Stony Brook (SUNY Stony Brook), United States of America (USA) 108.95
100 Arizona State University (ASU), United States of America (USA) 108.59
101 Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU), China 107.61
102 Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium 106.97
103 University of Münster (WWU), Germany 106.73
104 University of California, Riverside (UCR), United States of America (USA) 106.42
105 University of Göttingen, Germany 106.06
106 Technion-Israel Institute of Technology (IIT), Israel 105.7
107 Australian National University (ANU), Australia 105.14
108 Indiana University (IU), United States of America (USA) 105.09
109 The Rockefeller University, United States of America (USA) 104.61
110 Baylor College of Medicine (BCM), United States of America (USA) 104.51
111 The University of Arizona (Arizona), United States of America (USA) 103.94
112 University of Groningen (RUG), Netherlands 103.86
113 Jilin University (JLU), China 103.6
114 The University of Melbourne (UniMelb), Australia 103.45
115 Free University of Berlin (FU Berlin), Germany 102.97
116 Yonsei University, South Korea 102.71
117 The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST), China 100.68
118 Lund University (LU), Sweden 99.51
119 Hunan University (HNU), China 99.35
120 Sichuan University (SCU), China 98.82
121 University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU), Germany 98.79
122 East China University of Science and Technology (ECUST), China 98.69
123 Lanzhou University (LZU), China 96.31
124 University of Bonn (Uni Bonn), Germany 95.6
125 Stockholm University, Sweden 95.09
126 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 94.79
127 Uppsala University (UU), Sweden 94.29
128 North Carolina State University (NCSU), United States of America (USA) 93.24
129 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 93.16
130 Kyushu University, Japan 92.77
131 Emory University, United States of America (USA) 92.71
132 King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Saudi Arabia 92.29
133 University of Freiburg (Uni Freiburg), Germany 92.25
134 University of Basel (UB), Switzerland 92.14
135 Tel Aviv University (TAU), Israel 92.07
136 Indian Institute of Science (IISc), India 91.76
137 Tianjin University (TJU), China 91.59
138 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 90.59
139 Brown University, United States of America (USA) 89.82
140 RWTH Aachen University (RWTH Aachen), Germany 89.62
141 The University of Iowa (UI), United States of America (USA) 89.38
142 University of Massachusetts Amherst (UMass Amherst), United States of America (USA) 88.75
143 University of Paris, France 87.83
144 Humboldt University of Berlin (HU Berlin), Germany 87.48
145 Aarhus University (AU), Denmark 87.15
146 Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST), China 86.47
147 Dresden University of Technology (TU Dresden), Germany 86.41
148 Leiden University, Netherlands 86.38
149 University of Waterloo, Canada 86.21
150 East China Normal University (ECNU), China 85.8
151 Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), United States of America (USA) 84.83
152 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 84.31
153 Case Western Reserve University (CWRU), United States of America (USA) 83.47
154 Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU), South Korea 83.21
155 University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen), Germany 81.88
156 University of Montreal (UdeM), Canada 80.06
157 The University of Sydney (USYD), Australia 80.04
158 Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), Germany 79.57
159 The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom (UK) 79.11
160 Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Denmark 79.03
161 National Tsing Hua University (NTHU), Taiwan 78.87
162 The University of Warwick (Warwick), United Kingdom (UK) 78.83
163 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 78.74
164 University of Paris-Sud (UPSud), France 77.7
165 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, United States of America (USA) 77.41
166 University of Notre Dame (ND), United States of America (USA) 77.37
167 University of Rochester (UR), United States of America (USA) 76.67
168 Shandong University (SDU), China 76.19
169 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 75.05
170 Iowa State University, United States of America (USA) 74.13
171 University of Regensburg (UR), Germany 74.09
172 The University of Georgia (UGA), United States of America (USA) 73.87
173 Karolinska Institute (KI), Sweden 73.12
174 Beijing Normal University (BNU), China 72.6
175 Goethe University Frankfurt am Main (GU), Germany 72.16
176 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 72.12
177 Dalian University of Technology (DUT), China 71.96
178 University of Bern (UniBE), Switzerland 71.83
179 Radboud University Nijmegen (RU), Netherlands 71.66
180 University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC), United States of America (USA) 70.94
181 Ghent University (UGent), Belgium 70.94
182 Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM), Spain 69.93
183 The University of Nottingham (UoN), United Kingdom (UK) 69.11
184 University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMass Medical School), United States of America (USA) 68.19
185 University of Barcelona (UB), Spain 67.8
186 University of Virginia (UVA), United States of America (USA) 67.7
187 The University of Hong Kong (HKU), China 67.46
188 Michigan State University (MSU), United States of America (USA) 67.03
189 University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC), United States of America (USA) 66.24
190 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech), United States of America (USA) 66.06
191 Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin), Germany 65.76
192 University of Connecticut (UConn), United States of America (USA) 63.81
193 Albert Einstein College of Medicine (Einstein), United States of America (USA) 63.61
194 Florida State University (FSU), United States of America (USA) 63.57
195 Korea University, South Korea 63.48
196 University of Nebraska-Lincoln (UNL), United States of America (USA) 63.46
197 University of Strasbourg, France 63.26
198 University of Amsterdam (UvA), Netherlands 62.4
199 Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), South Korea 62.32
200 University of Calgary (U of C), Canada 62.18
201 University of Cincinnati (UC), United States of America (USA) 62.16
202 Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT), China 61.99
203 The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK), China 61.66
204 Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai (ISMMS), MSHS, United States of America (USA) 61.25
205 Chalmers University of Technology (Chalmers), Sweden 60.84
206 University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 60.63
207 University of Ottawa (uOttawa), Canada 60.11
208 South China University of Technology (SCUT), China 59.93
209 University of Stuttgart, Germany 59.91
210 Ruhr University Bochum (RUB), Germany 59.76
211 Tongji University, China 59.72
212 University of Houston (UH), United States of America (USA) 59.38
213 University of Toulouse, France 58.88
214 University of Cologne (UoC), Germany 58.79
215 Oregon State University, United States of America (USA) 58.76
216 Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU), China 58.5
217 University of Helsinki, Finland 58.32
218 Colorado State University, United States of America (USA) 57.97
219 University of Tsukuba, Japan 57.71
220 KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden 57.55
221 University of Delaware (UD), United States of America (USA) 57.03
222 Keio University, Japan 56.86
223 University at Buffalo, The State University of New York (SUNY UB), United States of America (USA) 56.22
224 Aalto University, Finland 55.77
225 Grenoble Alpes University (UGA), France 55.72
226 University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 54.36
227 University of Lyon, France 53.79
228 University of Vienna, Austria 53.53
229 University of Hawai'i at Manoa (UH Mānoa), United States of America (USA) 53.15
230 Philipps University of Marburg (Uni Marburg), Germany 53.08
231 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 52.77
232 Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU), Israel 52.52
233 McMaster University, Canada 52.51
234 Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e), Netherlands 52.46
235 University of Oregon (UO), United States of America (USA) 51.88
236 The City University of New York (CUNY), United States of America (USA) 51.3
237 University of Birmingham (UB), United Kingdom (UK) 51.12
238 Vienna University of Technology (TU Wien), Austria 50.47
239 University of Miami (UM), United States of America (USA) 50.16
240 University of York, United Kingdom (UK) 49.85
241 Sapienza University of Rome, Italy 49.45
242 Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), United Kingdom (UK) 49.16
243 The University of Western Australia (UWA), Australia 48.65
244 Louisiana State University (LSU), United States of America (USA) 48.39
245 University of São Paulo (USP), Brazil 48.37
246 Southwest University (SWU), China 47.91
247 University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus (CU Anschutz), United States of America (USA) 47.61
248 Aix-Marseille University (AMU), France 47.38
249 Dartmouth College, United States of America (USA) 47.2
250 The University of New Mexico (UNM), United States of America (USA) 47.08
251 University of Montpellier, France 46.99
252 VU University Amsterdam, Netherlands 46.72
253 University of Lausanne (UNIL), Switzerland 46.46
254 Wayne State University, United States of America (USA) 46.33
255 University of Valencia (UV), Spain 46.29
256 Homi Bhabha National Institute (HBNI), India 46.25
257 University of Bayreuth (UBT), Germany 46.23
258 The University of Kansas (KU), United States of America (USA) 45.85
259 University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Spain 45.38
260 Hanyang University (HYU), South Korea 45.15
261 University of Oslo (UiO), Norway 45.06
262 University of Bath, United Kingdom (UK) 44.99
263 Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU), United States of America (USA) 44.96
264 Beihang University (BUAA), China 44.88
265 University of Padova (UNIPD), Italy 44.71
266 Leipzig University, Germany 44.68
267 Friedrich Schiller University Jena (FSU), Germany 44.6
268 The University of Dublin, Ireland 44.54
269 University of South Carolina - Columbia (SC), United States of America (USA) 44.29
270 Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IIT Bombay), India 44.04
271 University of Konstanz, Germany 43.99
272 Tufts University, United States of America (USA) 43.71
273 The University of Oklahoma (OU), United States of America (USA) 43.3
274 Beijing University of Chemical Technology (BUCT), China 42.83
275 Northeastern University (NEU), United States of America (USA) 41.93
276 National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico 41.87
277 City University of Hong Kong (CityU), China 41.58
278 University of Maryland, Baltimore (UMB), United States of America (USA) 41.08
279 University of Kiel (CAU), Germany 41.06
280 The University of Tennessee at Knoxville (UTK), United States of America (USA) 41.02
281 Brandeis University, United States of America (USA) 40.99
282 Southeast University (SEU), China 40.35
283 Temple University, United States of America (USA) 40.24
284 Queen's University, Canada 40.13
285 Hiroshima University (HU), Japan 39.97
286 Newcastle University, United Kingdom (UK) 39.86
287 University of Kentucky (UK), United States of America (USA) 39.23
288 Complutense University of Madrid (UCM), Spain 38.86
289 Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Belgium 38.74
290 National Chiao Tung University (NCTU), Taiwan 38.53
291 Ulm University, Germany 38.43
292 University of Bordeaux, France 38.39
293 Linköping University (LiU), Sweden 38.25
294 The University of Adelaide (Adelaide Uni), Australia 38.2
295 Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU), Russia 38.01
296 The University of Akron (UAkron), United States of America (USA) 37.93
297 Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL), United States of America (USA) 37.85
298 Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf (HHU), Germany 37.77
299 Cardiff University, United Kingdom (UK) 37.54
300 University of Turin (UNITO), Italy 37.5
301 National Institute of Applied Sciences (INSA), France 37.42
302 University of Warsaw (UW), Poland 37.18
303 Queen's University Belfast (QUB), United Kingdom (UK) 37.15
304 University of South Florida (USF), United States of America (USA) 37.14
305 University of Saskatchewan (U of S), Canada 36.69
306 University of Florence (UNIFI), Italy 36.54
307 Umeå University (UMU), Sweden 36.5
308 Northeast Normal University (NENU), China 36.22
309 University of Hannover (LUH), Germany 36.2
310 University of Duisburg-Essen (UDE), Germany 35.93
311 Wageningen University & Research (WUR), Netherlands 35.87
312 Shanghai University (SHU), China 35.24
313 Chongqing University (CQU), China 35.22
314 Okayama University, Japan 35.13
315 The University of Texas at Dallas (UT Dallas), United States of America (USA) 34.49
316 University of Gothenburg (GU), Sweden 34.34
317 Western University (UWO), Canada 34.14
318 Fuzhou University (FZU), China 34.04
319 University of Naples Federico II (UNINA), Italy 33.98
320 Ewha Womans University (Ewha), South Korea 33.91
321 University of Otago, New Zealand 33.75
322 University of Bremen (Uni Bremen), Germany 33.48
323 University of Sherbrooke (USherbrooke), Canada 33.29
324 University of Sussex, United Kingdom (UK) 33.19
325 Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB), Spain 33.17
326 Bar-Ilan University (BIU), Israel 32.63
327 Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU), United States of America (USA) 32.44
328 Washington State University (WSU), United States of America (USA) 32.24
329 University of Strathclyde, United Kingdom (UK) 32.09
330 University of Lisbon (ULISBOA), Portugal 32.02
331 The University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB), United States of America (USA) 31.6
332 Jagiellonian University (UJ), Poland 31.3
333 Waseda University, Japan 31.25
334 University of Santiago de Compostela (USC), Spain 31.23
335 Laval University (UL), Canada 31.06
336 University of Potsdam, Germany 30.85
337 Central China Normal University (CCNU), China 30.71
338 Beijing Institute of Technology (BIT), China 30.21
339 University of Leicester, United Kingdom (UK) 30.07
340 Catholic University of Louvain (UCLouvain), Belgium 30.03
341 Bielefeld University, Germany 30.01
342 University of Science and Technology Beijing (USTB), China 29.89
343 University of Missouri (Mizzou), United States of America (USA) 29.82
344 Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur (IIT Kanpur), India 29.73
345 University of Twente (UTwente), Netherlands 29.67
346 Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway 29.59
347 Charles University (CU), Czech Republic 29.55
348 University of Reading, United Kingdom (UK) 29.48
349 University of Milano-Bicocca (UNIMIB), Italy 29.47
350 Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST), South Korea 29.3
351 University of Antwerp (UA), Belgium 29.29
352 Drexel University, United States of America (USA) 29.19
353 Curtin University, Australia 29.16
354 University of Bologna (UNIBO), Italy 29.04
355 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Pune (IISER Pune), India 29.04
356 The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth), United States of America (USA) 29.02
357 Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR), India 28.97
358 The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU), China 28.8
359 University of Innsbruck (LFU), Austria 28.61
360 Central South University (CSU), China 28.15
361 Simon Fraser University (SFU), Canada 28.08
362 Saint Petersburg State University (SPbU), Russia 28.01
363 Darmstadt University of Technology (TU Darmstadt), Germany 27.95
364 Kyung Hee University (KHU), South Korea 27.74
365 Kobe University, Japan 27.67
366 Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College (CAMS & PUMC), China 27.28
367 University of Crete (UOC), Greece 27.21
368 University of Southern Denmark (SDU), Denmark 27.09
369 Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI), United States of America (USA) 27.09
370 Nanjing Tech University (NanjingTech), China 26.85
371 Saarland University (Saar-Uni), Germany 26.61
372 Dalhousie University, Canada 26.49
373 University of Jyväskylä, Finland 26.49
374 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Bhopal (IISER Bhopal), India 26.44
375 Braunschweig University of Technology (TU Braunschweig), Germany 26.43
376 Shandong Normal University (SDNU), China 26.33
377 University of Milan (UNIMI), Italy 26.3
378 Zhengzhou University (ZZU), China 26.23
379 École Normale Supérieure (ENS Paris), France 25.61
380 Boston College (BC), United States of America (USA) 25.57
381 The University of Auckland, New Zealand 25.46
382 University of Graz (Uni Graz), Austria 25.2
383 Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati (SISSA), Italy 25.16
384 University of Wollongong (UOW), Australia 25.14
385 University College Dublin (UCD), Ireland 25.04
386 University of Oviedo (UniOvi), Spain 25.01
387 University of East Anglia (UEA), United Kingdom (UK) 24.92
388 Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology (TUAT), Japan 24.87
389 Lancaster University, United Kingdom (UK) 24.86
390 University of Victoria (UVic), Canada 24.71
391 Clemson University, United States of America (USA) 24.63
392 University of Rostock, Germany 24.57
393 Georgia State University (GSU), United States of America (USA) 24.29
394 Institute for Advanced Study (IAS), United States of America (USA) 23.98
395 Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR), Netherlands 23.9
396 West Virginia University (WVU), United States of America (USA) 23.83
397 National Cheng Kung University (NCKU), Taiwan 23.71
398 University of Nevada, Reno (UNR), United States of America (USA) 23.49
399 University of Porto (UP), Portugal 23.42
400 Changzhou University (CZU), China 23.38
401 Syracuse University, United States of America (USA) 23.09
402 University of Wyoming, United States of America (USA) 23.02
403 São Paulo State University (UNESP), Brazil 23
404 TU Dortmund University, Germany 22.92
405 China University of Geosciences (CUG), China 22.79
406 University of Zaragoza (Unizar), Spain 22.75
407 Macquarie University, Australia 22.68
408 University of Arkansas (UARK), United States of America (USA) 22.65
409 The University of South Australia (UniSA), Australia 22.63
410 University of Central Florida (UCF), United States of America (USA) 22.53
411 Giessen University (JLU), Germany 22.48
412 Shaanxi Normal University (SNNU), China 22.36
413 Thomas Jefferson University (TJU), United States of America (USA) 22.35
414 Nagoya Institute of Technology (NITech), Japan 22.12
415 Nanjing Normal University (NNU), China 22.03
416 University of Dundee, United Kingdom (UK) 22
417 École Polytechnique, France 21.88
418 Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur (IIT Kharagpur), India 21.8
419 York University, Canada 21.72
420 Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology (RMIT University), Australia 21.62
421 Osaka Prefecture University (OPU), Japan 21.55
422 Pompeu Fabra University (UPF), Spain 21.51
423 Heriot-Watt University, United Kingdom (UK) 21.47
424 University of Hyderabad (UoH), India 21.32
425 University of Aberdeen, United Kingdom (UK) 21.15
426 Tulane University, United States of America (USA) 21.09
427 University of Lille Nord de France, France 21.07
428 University of Seville (US), Spain 21.04
429 University of Siegen, Germany 20.96
430 Sogang University, South Korea 20.85
431 University of Bergen (UIB), Norway 20.8
432 Tokyo University of Science (TUS), Japan 20.8
433 China Agricultural University (CAU), China 20.67
434 National Institute of Scientific Research (INRS), Canada 20.66
435 University of Guelph, Canada 20.65
436 University of Turku (UTU), Finland 20.6
437 University of Manitoba, Canada 20.23
438 Nanjing University of Science and Technology (NUST), China 20.13
439 Northwest University (NWU), China 19.92
440 Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati (IIT Guwahati), India 19.83
441 University of Idaho, United States of America (USA) 19.79
442 Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Sweden 19.74
443 Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IIT Madras), India 19.7
444 University of Chile, Chile 19.58
445 University of Vermont (UVM), United States of America (USA) 19.53
446 Medical University of Vienna (MUW), Austria 19.52
447 Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU), Germany 19.5
448 Yamagata University, Japan 19.24
449 University of Wrocław (UWr), Poland 19.22
450 Kansas State University (K-State), United States of America (USA) 19.22
451 Kanazawa University (KU), Japan 19.12
452 University of Liège (ULg), Belgium 19.1
453 Chiba University, Japan 19.07
454 University of Louisville (UofL), United States of America (USA) 18.99
455 University of Tasmania (UTAS), Australia 18.97
456 University of Rome Tor Vergata, Italy 18.91
457 Colorado School of Mines, United States of America (USA) 18.89
458 Pusan National University (PNU), South Korea 18.84
459 University of Fribourg (UNIFR), Switzerland 18.65
460 King Abdulaziz University (KAU), Saudi Arabia 18.56
461 University of Buenos Aires (UBA), Argentina 18.48
462 University of Girona (UdG), Spain 18.43
463 Wake Forest University (WFU), United States of America (USA) 18.35
464 University of Electronic Science and Technology of China (UESTC), China 18.26
465 Kumamoto University, Japan 18.21
466 Victoria University of Wellington (Victoria), New Zealand 18.17
467 University of Kaiserslautern (TU Kaiserslautern), Germany 18.14
468 University of Rennes 1, France 18.1
469 The George Washington University (GW), United States of America (USA) 17.98
470 Ocean University of China (OUC), China 17.7
471 University of Granada (UGR), Spain 17.69
472 State University of New York at Albany (SUNY Albany), United States of America (USA) 17.67
473 Shanxi University (SXU), China 17.62
474 Lehigh University, United States of America (USA) 17.57
475 Swansea University, United Kingdom (UK) 17.43
476 Osaka City University (OCU), Japan 17.41
477 The University of Texas at Arlington (UTA), United States of America (USA) 17.4
478 The University of Toledo (UT), United States of America (USA) 17.22
479 Nara Institute of Science and Technology (NAIST), Japan 17.12
480 Chung-Ang University (CAU), South Korea 17.09
481 Huazhong Agricultural University (HZAU), China 17.04
482 Free University of Brussels (VUB), Belgium 17.01
483 The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio (UT Health San Antonio), United States of America (USA) 16.98
484 Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology (NUIST), China 16.87
485 University of Alaska Fairbanks (UAF), United States of America (USA) 16.83
486 The University of Alabama (UA), United States of America (USA) 16.79
487 Nanchang University (NCU), China 16.76
488 Kyungpook National University (KNU), South Korea 16.66
489 Polytechnic University of Milan, Italy 16.63
490 University of Pisa (UNIPI), Italy 16.57
491 University of Nice Sophia Antipolis (UNS), France 16.5
492 Southern University of Science and Technology (SUSTech), China 16.45
493 Henan Normal University, China 16.41
494 Tokyo Metropolitan University (TMU), Japan 16.32
495 University of Lorraine (UL), France 16.23
496 Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Brazil 16.16
497 University of Oldenburg, Germany 16.05
498 Medical College of Wisconsin (MCW), United States of America (USA) 16.01
499 University of Rhode Island (URI), United States of America (USA) 16.01
500 National Taiwan Normal University (NTNU), Taiwan 15.95

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.