2016 tables: Countries/territories - life sciences

The 2016 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2015 to 31 December 2015.

Table criteria

# Country/territory Share 2015 Count 2015
1 United Kingdom (UK) 1,418.86 2,848
2 Germany 1,239.32 2,476
3 France 678.40 1,468
4 Switzerland 360.71 890
5 Spain 298.62 719
6 Netherlands 287.18 810
7 Italy 272.23 718
8 Sweden 237.31 613
9 Denmark 126.37 412
10 Belgium 121.42 359
11 Austria 114.07 318
12 Finland 70.58 239
13 Norway 56.89 208
14 Portugal 43.33 147
15 Ireland 36.42 131
16 Russia 32.73 132
17 Poland 29.44 113
18 Czech Republic 26.41 111
19 Hungary 24.40 95
20 Greece 15.90 82
21 Iceland 8.46 33
22 Estonia 7.57 51
23 Slovenia 6.12 26
24 Croatia 4.41 39
25 Monaco 2.44 6
26 Romania 2.30 8
27 Luxembourg 2.14 13
28 Slovakia 1.67 15
29 Bulgaria 1.10 11
30 Lithuania 1.04 8
31 Latvia 1.00 2
32 Serbia 0.57 9
33 Cyprus 0.52 7
34 Ukraine 0.41 4
35 Malta 0.20 3
36 Belarus 0.13 5
37 Macedonia 0.09 2
38 Faroe Islands 0.06 1
39 Moldova 0.02 1
40 Albania 0.01 1
41 Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.01 1

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.